当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 高一英语新课标人教版必修1

高一英语新课标人教版必修1


智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

必修一 I. Vocabulary:
add up 合计 upset

Unit 1

Friendship
pack
vi. & vt. 捆扎;包装;打行李

in order to 为了

…… at dusk 在黄昏时刻 thunder vi. 打雷;雷鸣 n.雷;雷 不


adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的;

pack sth. up 将东西装箱打包 suitcase n. 手提箱 overcoat n. 大衣;外套 与……相处;进展

不适的; vt. 使不安;使心烦

Ignore=take no notice of 理睬;忽视 calm

vt.

entire adj. 整个的;完全的; teenager n. 十几岁的青少年 entirely swap adv. vt. 交换 n. 能力;力量;权力 n. 窗帘;门帘;幕布 adj. 积满灰尘的 get along with

vt. & vi. (使)静; (使)镇定 adj. 平静的;镇静的;沉着的 (使)镇定下来

goosip vi. & n. 闲话;闲谈; 长舌妇 fall in love 相爱;爱上 exactly adv. 确实如此;正是;确切地 disagree grateful dislike vi. 不同意
adj. 感激的;表示感谢的

calm … down (使)平静下来; item n. 项目;条款 power have got to 不得不;必须 concern vt. 担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注 be concerned about 关心;挂念 walk the dog 遛狗 loose adj. 松的;松开的 go through 经历;经受 set down 记下;放下;登记 series n. 连续;系列 adv. 在户外;在野外 face to face 面对面地 curtain dusty

vt. 不喜欢;厌恶

no longer / not … ang longer
不再… (与延续性动词连用)

join in 参加;加入 spellbind vt. (spellbound, spellbound) 迷住;迷惑 on purpose 故意 be/get rid of recover
重新获得

partner n. 伙伴;合作者;合伙人 settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居;安排;解决 loneliness highway n. 孤单;寂寞 n. 公路;大路

对……厌烦

vi. & vt. 痊愈;恢复;

a series of 一连串的;一系列;一套 outdoors

Reading ANNE’S BEST FRIEND 安妮最好的朋友 Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 译文: 你需要一位可以倾诉衷肠的朋友吗?比如倾诉你的感情和思想。 【注释: whom you II.
could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts 是定语从句,修饰限定先行词 a friend, 而 whom 是关系代词作 to 的宾语,用来指代前面的先行词 friend; 从句中运用了 tell sth. to sb.意思为:告 诉某人某事; like your deepest feelings and thoughts 并列列举出了 everything 的部分内容,也可用 such as 替换 like,表示“比如”。 】

Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? 译文:你是害怕你的朋友嘲笑你呢,还是担心你的朋友不理解你所经历的
呢? 【注释: 第一个 or 紧紧承接上文, 与上文构成选择关系; 第二个 or 用来连接两个并列谓语“would laugh at you 和 would not understand what you are going through”,表示选择关系,其中的“what you are going through”为 understand 的宾语从句;laugh at 嘲笑;go through 经历,检查,练习,遭受,完成。 Anne 】

Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her best friend.译文:安妮弗兰克想要的是第一种情况,
所以她交了最好的朋友。 【注释:make friends with sb.与……交朋友】

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II.译文:安妮在二战期间 住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。 Her family was Jewish so they had to hid or they would be caught by the German Nazis.译文:她的家人是犹太人所以他们必须躲藏起来,否则就会被德国纳粹抓起来。
【注释:so 引导的前后为因果关系;or 表示“否则,要不然”; be caught by…表示“被…抓起来”;“be + 过 去分词”构成被动语态。 She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before 】

they were discovered. 译文: 她和她的家人躲藏几乎 25 月之后才被发现。 注释: hide away 意为“躲 【 ①
藏起来”。② nearly 意为“几乎,将近”,后跟确定的数字,而 almost 则表示模糊不定的概念,如:In the hall

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

it was almost dark.大厅里几乎一片漆黑。③ before 表示“在…以前”,用以表示从句动作发生之前的时间, 译法灵活。 (1)强调从句动作发生在主句之前, 意为“不等……就……”。 例如:She was angry before I could explain to her.我还没来得及向她解释她就生气了。He asked a second question before I could answer the first question.我还没来得及回答第一个问题,他又问了一个问题。(2)在“It+be+时间段+before 从句”中, 意为“……之后才……”。例如:The fire lasted about four hours before the firefighters could control it.大火 持续了大约四个小时, 消防人员才得以控制住。 (3)在“It+be+否定形式+long+before 从句”中, 意为“…… 不久就……”。例如:It was not long before he told me about it.不久他就告诉了我这件事情。(4)在特定的 情景中, 意为“趁着……”。 例如: must write it down before I forget it.趁着还没忘, I 我把它记下来。 During 】

that time the only true friend was her diary. 译文:在此期间,她唯一真正的朋友就是她的日记。 She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty”. 译文:她说:“我不想像大
多数人所做的那样, 只是记流水账, 而是我想要我的日记成为我最好的朋友, 并且我把我的朋友叫作基蒂”。 【注释:① down 记下; set (使)放下, (使)坐下,制定,降落。例如:1)He was asked to set down the facts just as he remembered them.他被要求根据记忆把事实写下来。2)He set me down in a comfortable chair.他让我坐在一张舒适的椅子里。3)It is necessary to set down these additional rules.有必要制定这 些补充规则。② series of 一系列的。例如:The post office will issue a series of new stamps.邮局将要发 a 行一套新邮票。③ 引导方式状语从句,表示“像…一样”。例如:1)He smiled and I smiled back, as you as do. 他微微一笑,我也报以微笑,就这样而已。2)She is as tall as her mother.她和她母亲一样高。④ be to my friend 作 this diary itself 的补足语。 Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place 】

since July 1942.译文:现在读读她从 1942 年 7 月以后躲藏起来的感受。 Thursday 15th June, 1944 Dear Kitty, I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.译文:我想知道是不是因为我好久没有能
够到外面的缘故,以至于我对一切与自然有关的东西变得如此疯狂地喜欢。 【注释:① outdoors adv. 在户 外,作状语;而 outdoor 是 adj.户外的,露天的,作定语。例如:1) Children like to play outdoors.孩子 们喜欢在户外玩耍。2)He likes watching most outdoor games. 他喜欢观看大部分的室外运动项目。 ② be/grow crazy about 对…疯狂地喜欢,对…着迷。例如:He is crazy about that girl.他迷上了那位女孩。 ③ do with…:与…有关;处置,对待。例如:1)I am not involved in it; it has nothing to do with me.我与 to 这事没有牵连; 它与我无关。 What shall we do with the drunken sailor?我们怎么处置这个喝醉的水手?, 2) 强调句 it is /was+被强调的部分+that/who 从句, I can well remember that there was a time 】

when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.译文:我非常清楚地记得有一段时期湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的鸣唱、月光和鲜花从没能使我
着迷。注释: well“很, 相当”, 【 ① 相当于 very,表示强调. 例如: The visit had been planned well in advance. 1) 那次访问很早就计划好了。2)You may well be right.很可能是你对. ② there was a time when…:有那么一 个时期…。例如: There was a time when I wanted to play truant.有那么一个时期我想逃学。 spellbound ③ adj. 入迷的;出神的。例如:The children were spellbound by the circus performance.孩子们被马戏表 演迷住了。 That’s changed since I was here.译文:自从来到这,这一切都改变了。 】

… For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. 译文:比如,一天晚上,非
常暖和,为了独自能亲眼好好看一眼月亮, 我就故意到晚上 11 点半还醒着。 【注释:① purpose 故意地, on 有目的地。如:I sometimes think that all his supposed mistakes are made on purpose just to annoy me. 我有时认为他犯的那些被信以为真的一切错误是故意为了气我。② order to…:为了…, 动词不定式作目的 in

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

状语,该状语可以位于句首,也可以位于句子后面,但 so as to…引导的目的状语只能放在句子的后面, 即 so as to…不能位于句首。如:The test questions are kept secret so as to(in order to) prevent cheating. = In order to prevent cheating, the test questions are kept secret.考试题保密以防作弊。③ by myself 独自。 如:I live by myself.我一个人生活。 But as the moon gave far too much light, I 】

didn’t dare open a window.译文:可是,随着月光越来越亮,我竟不敢打开窗户。 【注释:① 连词, as
表示“随着”。如:As she grew older, she kept more to herself.随着年龄的增长,她变得更沉默了。② dare 用作情态动词时后面直接加动词,即 dare do;用作行为动词时后面要加 to,即 dare to do;不管是用作情态动 词还是行为动词 dare 都有词形变化,即过去式为 dared do, dared to do,过去式的否定式为:didn’t dare do 或 didn’t dare to do;或 dared not do 和 dared not to do】Another time five months ago, I happened

to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. 译文:5 个月之前,又有一次,黄昏时分我
碰巧在楼上,突然,窗户开了。 【注释:① happen to…碰巧,如:I happened to be out when Tom came to visit me yesterday. ② dusk 黄昏,如:The street lights come on at dusk and go off at dawn.路灯在黄昏 at 时开, 拂晓时关。③ sb. happened to do sth. when ….某人碰巧在做某事的时候,突然…。 I didn’t go 】

downstairs until the window had to be shut.译文:直到窗户不得不关上,我才下楼。 【注释:not…
until…:直到…才…, 如:you don't know what you can achieve until you try.尝试后才能知道自己能成就什 么。 The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their 】

power; 译文: 那黑暗, 那雨夜, 那夜风, 那闪亮轰鸣的云朵, 它们完全把我笼罩着。 was the first time it in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…译文:那是我一年半以来第一次面对面
目睹那夜色。 【注释:it is the first time that sb. has done sth.某人第一次做某事。如:It is the first time that I has come to Wenzhou.这是我第一次到温州来。 注意: was the first time that sb. had done sth..It is the It first time that sb have donge sth 注意与另一个句型的区别:It is time that sb did/should do sth.=It is time for sb to do sth】

…Sadly … I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows.译文:遗憾的是…,我只能通过悬挂在布满灰尘窗户上的肮脏的窗帘来观看大自然。 【注
释: hanging before very dusty windows 是现在分词作定语修饰前面的名词 curtains,该分词与所修饰的名 词之间的逻辑关系是主谓关系。 如: (09 赣-34) The government plans to bring in new laws ____

parents to take more responsibility for the education of their children. A. forced B. forcing C. to be forced D. having forced (09 浙-7) There is a great deal of evidence _____ that music activities engage different parts of the brain. A. indicate B. indicating C. to indicate D. to be indicating 】 It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.译文:再看这外面的大自然已经没有意义了,因为大自然只有经过亲身体验才有
意义。 【注释:① looking through these any longer 是动名词短语作主语,句首的 It 是形式主语;② look through 意 思为: 仔细检查 ⑴ 〔审查〕 (某物), 例如: look your suggestion through before passing it to the committee. I'll 我要先审查一下你的建议然后再送交委员会。 ⑵ 对(某人)视而不见,例如:I said good morning but she looked me straight through and walked on.我对 她道了声早安, 可她却视而不见径直走了过去。 ⑶ 穿过…看,例如:I looked through a telescope.我用望远镜看东西。 ⑷ 看穿〔识破〕(某人或某事)= see through,例如:I have looked through the man; he hasn't any real learning.我已看透那个人了, 他没有一点真才实学 It is /was +n +doing sth 常用 no use,no plessure, a waste of time ,a waste of money

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

6.Your friend comes to school very upset. 【精提取】 upset 为形容词作伴随状语。 【巧应用】 小偷躲在角落里,担心被人捉住。 The thief hid himself in the corner,________ ________ ________ ________. 答案:afraid of being caught 【考题】They ________the meeting by shouting and throwing stones at the windows. A.attended B.held C.upset D.mixed 解析:选 C。句意:他们大喊大叫并不断向窗子扔石头打乱了会议。upset 打乱;attend 参 加;hold 举办,容纳;mix 混合。 7. She and her family hid away for nearly twentyfive months before they were discovered. 【精提取】 before conj.,意为“在……之前”,常翻译为“不等……就”,引导时间状语从句。 【巧应用】 我还没来得及与他说再见他就走了。 He left ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________. 答案:before I could say goodbye to him 8. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky,the song of the birds,moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 【精提取】 there was a time when a deep blue sky,...此处 when 引导的定语从句修饰 time。 【巧应用】 曾经有一段时间,不允许妇女上学。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ women were not allowed to go to school. 答案:There was a time when

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

必修一 Unit 2 I.Vocabulary
subway n. 地下人行道; (美)地铁 n. 汽油 (=美 gasoline) n. 航行;航海 elevator n. 电梯;升降机 petrol oficial adj. 官方的;正式的;公务的 voyage conquer vt. 征服;占领 because of 因为;由于 native

English around the World
fluent adj. 流利的;流畅的

fluently adv. 流利地;流畅地 such as frequent usage 例如……; 像这种的 adj. 频繁的;常见的 frequently adv. n. 使用;用法;词语惯用法 n. & vt. 命令;指令;掌握 n. & vt. 请求;要求 n. 方言 adj. 中西部的;有中西部特征的

command

have a good command of … 精通;掌握 request at sb’s request 应某人邀请 dialect expression n. 词语;表示;表达 midwestern play a part (in) 扮演了一个角色; 参与 eastern adj. 东方的;东部的 adj. 东南方的;来自东南的 adj. 西北方的;来自西北的

adj. 本国的;本地的 n. 本地人;本国人 走近; 上来; 提出 adv. 实际上;事实上 n. 基部;基地;基础

come up

apartment n. 公寓住宅;单元住在 actually base vt. 以……为根据 现在;目前 adj. 逐渐的;逐步的 adv. 逐渐地;逐步地 使富裕;充实;改善

be based on 以……为根据 at present gradual

southeastern northwestern recognize lorry accent lightning straight block cab

gradually enrich vt.

vt. 辨认出;承认;公认

vocabulary n. 词汇;词汇量;词表 make use of 利用;使用 take advantage of spelling 利用; 使用 n. 拼写;拼法 较后的;后半的; (两着中)后者的

n. (美= truck)卡车 n. 口音;强调;重音 n. 闪电 adv. 直接;挺直 adj. 直接的 n. 街区;块;木块;石块 n. 出租车

latter adj.

identity n. 本身;本体;身份

II. Reading The Road to Modern English th At the end of the 16 century, about five to seven million people spoke English.译文:
在 16 世纪末, 大约有 500 万至 700 万人说英语。 【注释: the end of …: at 在…末尾;at the end of the day 最终,到头来;be at (have come to) the end 结束,完成;be at the end of 到了…的尽头;几至耗尽; all ends up 完全地,彻底地;in the end 最后,终于;by the end of…:到…为止。 Nearly all of them lived 】

in England.译文:他们几乎都住在英格兰。 Later, in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.译文:后来,在随后的一个世纪里,来自英格兰的人航行征服其
它地方,因此,在许多其它国家开始说英语。 【注释:because of 意为“因为,由于”,后跟名词、代词或

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

动名词,在句中作状语;owing to 意为“把成绩或功劳归功于…”,在句中作状语和表语, 如:He has made great progress in English owing to your tutorship.. 而 due to 则是指“把失败或挫折归咎于…”, 在句中作状 语和表语,如: Due to the extreme cold, we were unable to plant the trees.由于天气很冷, 所以我们无法 去植树。 thanks to 意为“幸亏”, 只作状语, This is a great success,—— thanks to your help.】 Today, 如:

more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.
译文:如今,人们比以前更多地把英语当成第一、第二或一门外语。 【注释:as 介词,意为:当作,作为。 】

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 译文:即使当地说英语的人说的不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此懂得。 【注释:
① native speaker 说本族语的人,。native(常与 to 连用,指动植物)特产的,原产于; (也可以指品质)与生俱来的, 天赋的, 天生的。 如: Banana is native to Taiwan.香蕉是台湾的土特产。 He has a great deal of native 1) 2) intelligence, ability, charm, etc. 他天生聪明、能力强、有魅力等。② even if = even though 意为“即使,尽 管”,引导让步状语从句。如:I wouldn't lose courage even if I should fail ten times.即使要失败十次, 我也 绝不灰心。{试题:⑴ Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ____ A. as if B. now that C. even though D. so that they knew it to be valuable.

⑵Allow children the space to voice their opinions, _____ they are different from your own. A. until B. now that C. even though D. as though}】

Look at this example: 译文:看这个例子: British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?译文: 英国的 Betty:你愿意来看我的公寓吗? 【注
释:Would you like to …:愿意,意欲】

American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up to your apartment.译文:美国的 Amy: 好的,我
很想来看你的公寓。 【注释:① come up:走近,上来,发芽,发生, (意见、观点)被提出, (太阳、月亮) 生起。 1) He came up and introduced himself. 他走上前来作自我介绍。 2) I’ll let you know if anything 如: comes up.如果发生什么事的话,我会让你知道的。注意:come up with 表示:想出,提出。如:I came up with a proposal and it soon came up at the meeting.我想提出一条建议,很快这条建议在会上被提出来了。 {试题: They thought about it for a long time, but still couldn’t ____ a solution. up with C. get along with D. come out} 愿意…; 我很想…。如:I’d like to help you with your English.】 A. come up B. come ② (英)公寓; flat apartment (美)公寓。 I’d like to …: 我 ③

So why has English changed over time? 译文:为什么英语会随时间而改变呢?【注释:over time 随着时间的过去。 Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and 】 communicate with each other.译文:实际上,在文化碰撞和交流过程中,所有语言都会改变和发展。
【注释: meet with 偶然碰到, ① 碰到; 遭受, 受到; 和…会面。 1) 如: She met with an old friend at a dinner party.她在一次宴会上偶然遇到一位老朋友。2)Again and again the test met with no success.这一试验一 再遭到失。3)He met with the Prime Minister of Japan for an hour.他和日本首相会见了一个小时。 ② communicate with…:与…联系,与…交流,与…沟通。如:I communicate with him regularly by letter. 我与他定期通信。 At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 】

1150 was very different from the English spoken today.译文:起初,在公元 450 年至公元 1150
年在英国所说的英语不同于现在所说的英语。 【注释: at first 起初, ① 开始。 spoken in England between ② about AD 450 and 1150 是过去分词短语作定语,相当于定语从句 which was spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150. 注意:过去分词作定语表示该分词与所修饰的词之间的关系式被动关系。 ③ be different from…: 与…不同。 {考题:1. (09 全 I-35) Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions ___? A. take B. taking C. taken D. to take 2. (09 京-24) For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ____ on his own farm.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN B. being grown C. to be grown D. to grow

A. grown

3. (09 申-33) With the government’s aid, those ____ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. A. affect B. affecting C. affected D. were affected 4. (09 赣-22) ____ the right kind of training, these teenage soccer players may one day grow into international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given 5. (08 湘-26) The trees ____ in the storm have been moved off the road. A. being blown down B. blown down C. blowing down D. to blow down 6. (08 赣-28) We finished the run in less than half the time _____ . A. allowing B. to allow C. allowed D. allows 7. (08 浙-13) It is one of the funniest things _____ on the Internet so far this year. A. finding B. being found —— No problem. A. seat B. sit C. seated D. sat 9. (07 湘-34) “Things ____ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost 10. (06 京-28) There have been several new events ____ to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added 11. (06 鲁-29) Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title _____ to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. A. being given B. is given C. given D. was given 12. (05 京-32) The prize of the game show is $ 30,000 and an all expenses ____ vacation to China. A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D. being paid C. to find D. found 8. (08 闽-33) —— Can those ____ at the back of the classroom hear me?

答案 1-12: CACDB CDCAD CB}】 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.译文:当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语则不
是。 【注释:more… than …:与其说… 不如说….。如:He is more lazy than stupid.与其说他蠢笨,不如 说他懒惰。 注意:⑴ more than + 名词,表示“不仅是,不只是”,相当于 not only; 如:Hibernation is more than sleep.冬眠不仅仅是睡觉。 ⑵more than + 数词,表示“超过,多于”,相当于 over; 如:There’re more than 50 students in our class. 在我们班有 50 多名学生。⑶more than + 形容词/副词,表示“非常,十分”, 与“very”同义; 如:In class, she is more than attentive.在课堂上,她非常认真听课。 ⑷more than + that sb. can/could do oneself. 表示“超出某人能力范围,或超出了…范围”。如:The job is more than I can do myself 那工作超出了我的能力范围。 ⑸ no more than 意为“只有、仅仅”,相当于 only; 而 not more than 表示“至多,不超过”,相当于 at most; friend. A. more than {试题: Mr. Brown is ____ a teacher to us; we look on him as our C. less than D. more and more } ② based on …: be On the base of…:

B. more or less

以…为基础。注意:可以用 based on 的独立结构形式作状语,类似于 according to.

以…为基础。{试题: ____ on this report, the English government decided to ask Captain James Cook to go and look for this continent. A. Having based B. Basing C. Based D. To be based } Present sth. to sb. ③ present 目前,现在。 For the present 现在,目前。 Be present at …:出席…。 at

把某物作为礼物送给某人。 Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became 】

less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French.
译文:然后,在公元 800 年至公元 1150 年期间,由于那些统治英格兰的人先说丹麦语,后来又说法语,这

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN ② who ruled England 是由 who

样英语就逐渐变得不像德语了。 【注释:① become less like 变得不像。

引导的定语从句,who 为关系代词,代指前面的先行词 those,用于指“人”。 ③ {辨析:rule, govern, control 都有“管理,支配,控制”之意,当 govern 和 rule 用作“统治,控制”一个国家时,可以互换。但,⑴ rule 是 正式的、庄重的的用语,常用贬义,比 govern 更专权地管理或统治,含有专制或独裁的意味。⑵ govern 指靠权力、专制或按宪法来系统地管理、统治国家、城市、机构等,含有需要知识和判断力来治理和管理 的意味。 control 指人对事物的一般控制与约束, ⑶ 含有强制使其服从的意味。 {试题: Alexamder the Great 1) _______ (over) a large empire. control} } 】 2) She couldn’t __________ herself that moment. 答案:1) ruled; 2)

These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its
② especially 表示递进关系,意为“尤其是”,而

vocabulary.译文:这些新定居者丰富了英语语言,尤其是在词汇方面。 【注释:① enrich 是 en + rich 构成
的派生词,意为“使丰富”,其结构式为“en + 形容词”。 specially 则表示目的,意为“专门地,特殊地”。 试题:1)he despised them all, _______ Sylvester.他瞧 不起他们所有的人,尤其是西尔维斯特。2) I came here ___________ to see you.我特地到这里来就是为 了看你。 答案: 1) especially; 2) specially。 So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make 】

use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 译文:所以,到了十七世纪莎士比亚比以前能使用更
为宽泛词汇。 【注释:make use of…利用,使用; make full use of…充分利用;make good use of…好好 利用;make little use of …不充分利用;take full advantage of…充分利用。例如:1) We should consider what use can be made of such a material. of. 2) In my opinion, the old shopping bag can still be made use 试题: 1) The money collected should be made good use ____ the people who suffered a lot in this A. of helping B. to help C. to helping D. of to help 2) The manager A. cost B.

terrible earthquake.

of the company told us that very little ____ was made of the waste material in the past. value C. use
th

D. matter】 1620 some British settlers moved to America.译文: 1620 年, In 在

一些英国移民移到美国。 Later in the 18 century some British people were taken to Australia

too.译文:后来,在 18 世纪一些英国人也被带到澳大利亚。 【注释: sb. is taken to sp.某人被带到某处。 】 English began to be spoken in both countries.译文:在这两个国家开始说英语。 Finally by the 19th century the language was settled.译文:最终,到 19 世纪这种语言稳定
下来。 【注释: settled adj. 不变的,不大可能改变的,稳定的. 例如: Once we get settled, we must ask the neighbours in for coffee.我们一安顿下来,就一定请邻居来家里喝咖啡。 At that time two big 】

changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language.译文:当时,英语拼
写出现两大变化:首先 Samuel Johnson 写了一部词典,后来 Noah Webster 写了美国英语词典。 【注释: at that time 当时,在那时】 The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. 译文:后者对美国英语拼写给予单独特性。 【注释:the latter 后者;与其意思对应的是 the former“前者”; latter adj. 后者的,后半的,接近终了的; late adj. 迟的,晚到的;later adv 较晚地; lately adv. 近 2) We later learnt that this 来,最近, 不久前。 例如:1) Have you seen him lately?你最近见到过他吗? wasn't true at all.我们后来了解到根本不是这么回事。 】

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia.译文:现在 在南亚,英语也作为一门外语或第二语言。 For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.译文:例如,由于英国从 1765
年至 1947 年统治印度,所以印度拥有大量的能流利说英语的人。 【注释:① large number of …许多,大 a 量的。 注意以下短语后跟的名词不同: (1) 词 a good few n.[c] quite a little n.[u] a large/ great/ good number of a great/ good many + 可数名词 (2) a great/ good deal of a great/ large amount of + 不可数名

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN the number of + n.[c] (4) an amount of + n.[u] + 可数名词复数 或不可数名词 n.[u,c] D. were keeping 】 a quantity of + n. [c,u] amounts of + n.[u] quantities of + n.[u,c] A. was keeping 后跟非单数式谓语动词 后跟单数式谓语动词

quite a few (3) a lot/ lots of a great/ large quantity of large quantities of plenty of

试题:As you can see, the number of cars on our roads ____ rising these days. B. keep C. keeps

During that time English became

the language for government and education. 译文:在此期间,英语成为用于政府和教育的 语言。English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. 译文:在新加坡、马来西亚以及非洲一些国家如南非也说英语。 【注释:such as
用来列举出前文所讲的同类人或事物的部分内容,意为“例如,比如”。如:We dislike people such as him.我们不喜欢像他这号人。 Today the number of people learning English in China is 】

increasing rapidly.译文:如今,中国学英语的人数在快速增长。 【注释: number of …作主语时, the 其后的谓语动词使用三单式形式】 In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. 译文: 事实上, 中国可能拥有学英语的人数最多。 【注释: fact 事实上。 Will Chinese in 】 English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.译文:中国英语会形成自己的特色吗?只
有时间才能告诉我们。

7. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.
【精提取】 even if 或 even though 意为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。 【巧应用】 即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ all the way,I’ll get there. 答案:Even if I have to walk 8. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 【精提取】 more...than...与其说……倒不如说…… 【巧应用】 造成她不愉快的原因,与其说是他所说的话,倒不如说是他的说话方式。 It was ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________what he said that made

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

her unhappy. 答案:more the way he said it than 9. However,on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. 【精提取】 the way+定语从句,定语从句的引导词在从句中作状语时,可用 that,in which,也可以省 略。 【巧应用】 我不喜欢你嘲笑她的那种方式。 I don’t like ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ . 答案:the way in which you laughed at her

必修一
I. 物 transport prefer Vocabulary journal

Unit 3
n. 日记,杂志,定期刊 detail source
n. 运送;运输 vt. 运输;

Travel Journal
n. 细节;详情 n. 来源;水源 delta attitude n. 三角洲 n. 态度;看法 n. 珠穆朗玛峰

determine vt. 决定;下定决心 be determined to do sth.
下决心做某事

Qomalangma boil

vt. 更喜欢;选择某事物 (而不选其他事物)

vi. (指液体)沸腾;(水)开 n. & vt. 预测;预报 n. 小包;包裹 n. 保险 照常 adj. 可信赖的;可靠的 n. 羊毛;毛织品

forecast parcel

disadvantage fare route flow n. 费用

n. 不利条件; 不便之处

change one’s mind 改变主意 journey altitude n. 旅行;旅程 n. 海拔高度;高处

insurance wool

n. 路线;路途
vi. 流动;流出 n. 流动;流量

make up one’s mind 下决心;决


as usual reliable

ever since persuade cycle

从那以后 vt. 说服;劝说

give in atlas

投降;让步;屈服 n. 地图;地图集 n. 冰河;冰川 n. 急流 n. (山)谷;流域 n. 瀑布 n. 一步;速度;步调

view n. 风景;视野;观点;见解 vt. 观看;注视;考虑 yak n. 牦牛 pillow n. 枕头;枕垫 midnight n. 午夜;子夜 at midnight 在午夜 flame n. 火焰;光芒;热情 prep. 在……下面 n. 庙宇;寺庙 n. 洞穴;地窖 vt. 组织;成立

vi. 骑自行车
vi. 毕业 n. 大学毕业生

graduate finally schedule

glacier rapids valley waterfall pace

adv.

最后;终于

n. 时间表;进度表 vt.为…安排时间

fond

adj. 喜爱的;慈爱的;宠爱的

be fond of 喜爱;喜欢 shortcoming n. 缺点 stubborn care about adj. 顽固的; 固执的 关心;忧虑;惦念 bend

vi.缓慢而行;踱步 n.弯;拐角 vi.弯身;弯腰 n. (指河流)蜿

beneath temple cave

vt.使弯曲 meander 蜒缓慢流动

organize

care for 照顾;照料

II. Reading
PART I

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG
THE DREAM AND THE PLAN 梦想和计划

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

My name is Wang Kun.译文: 我叫王昆。 Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.译文:自从上中学后,我和姐姐王伟一直梦想
进行一次长途自行车旅行。 【注释:① ever since“从那时起,自那以后”,往往与现在完成时连用。②dream about 梦见,梦到,梦想,向往。如:1) She dreamed about a handsome young prince coming to rescue her from her misery.她梦见一个年轻英俊的王子走来把她从苦难中救出。2) got the first place this time, He but he never dreamed about it.这回他得了第一名, 但他做梦也没想到。 3) Many people dream about living on an island in the South Seas.许多人向往在南海的一个岛上生活。③ dream of 梦见;渴望,梦想。 如: 1) I often dreamed of my younger brother soon after I left home.刚离开家时, 我常梦见弟弟。 过这样的事情。 2)

He has dreamed of a trip to Beijing.他曾做梦到北京旅行。3) I never dreamed of such a thing.我从没梦想 4)I've long dreamed of paying a visit to the Great Wall.我一直渴望游览长城。 特殊结 ⑵ realize one’s dream = one’s 构: ⑴ I would not / never dream of…我做梦也想不到…; 未想过…

dream comes true.实现梦想。如: She realized her dream of becoming a good model.她实现了做一名优 秀模特的梦想。 Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she 】

persuaded me to buy one.译文:两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地车,然后也劝我买了一辆。 【注释:
① persuade sb. to do sth.(= persuade sb. into doing sth.)说服某人做某事; 劝服某人做某事。 如: It wasn't easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing.虽然不容易,但是我还是说服了他去做正确的事。 persuade sb. of sth.= persuade sb. that …使某人相信某事。 如: How can I persuade you of my sincerity? 我如何能够让你相信我的诚意呢? Try to persuade sb. to do sth. = advise sb. to do sth.尽力说服某人做 某事。 如: He tried to persuaded me to give up smoking, but in vain.他尽力劝服我戒烟, 但是没有用。 辨 析:persuade 强调结果,指“劝说”并使之“听从”; advise 着重动作,指“劝说”但不一定说服成功,相当于 try to persuade.】 Last year, she visited our cousins, Da Wei and Yu Hang at their college in

Kunming. 译文:去年,她看望了在昆明大学里的老表——大卫和于杭。They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River,the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries.译文:他们是傣族人,成长于云南西部的澜沧江之畔,
该河在中国境内叫作澜沧江,而在其他国家境内则叫作湄公河。 【注释:grow up 长大,向上生长 Tom wants to be a coach when he grows up.汤姆长大后想当教练。 eg. 1) 2) All plants like to grow up toward

the sunlight.所有的植物都喜欢朝着阳光向上长。 Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling 】

too. 译文:王伟也很快让他们对长途自行车旅行感兴趣了。 【注释:get sb. interested in…使某人对…感
兴趣。 interest in …对…感兴趣. 是音乐和绘画。 believe in 信任; eg. His two interests in life are music and paintings.他生平两大爱好 I don't believe in ghosts, do you?我不相信有鬼, 你呢?

eg.

success in …的成功 eg. The president had some success in restoring confidence.总统在恢复信心上获 得了一些成功。 After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. 】 译文:大学毕业后,我们终于有机会进行自行车旅行。 【注释: graduate from 从…毕业; 进步, 进展 ① 他是一个师范学院的毕业生。 eg. 1) He graduated from Taipei University.他毕业于台北大学。 2) He was graduated from a normal college. 3) Our son has just graduated from a tricycle to a proper bicycle.我们的儿 子刚刚从骑三轮车过渡到骑普通自行车了。 ②to take a bike trip 是动词不定式作定语,修饰限制前面的名 词 chance.】 I asked my sister, “Where are we going ?” 译文: 我问姐姐: “我们要去哪里?”It was

my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 译文:正是姐姐首先拿定主意,要沿着整个湄公河从源头骑到入河口。 【注释:
It is/was sb. who/that does sth. 这是个强调句,被强调的是人,可译为“正是某人做某事”; eg. 是事物(包括时间、地点等) 正是在春天,各种花开始怒放。 1.(2008 年高考全国卷Ⅱ ) It was Thomson who helped you with your English.正是汤姆逊帮你学英语。句型 It is/ was sth. that …..则强调的 eg. It is in spring that all kinds of flowers begin to blossom out beautifully. 强调句考查试题: It was in New Zealand ________ Elizabeth first met Mr.Smith.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN B.how C.which D.when —By looking into it. D.Was it what that

A.that

2. —________you found out the accident which happened a month ago? A.It was where that B.Was it how that C.How was it that

3. (津 2008) It was along the Mississippi River ____ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. A. how B. which C. that D. where

4. (渝 2008) It was not until midnight ____ they reached the camp site. A. that B. when C. while D. as —— It was on the farm ___ we worked. Keys: ACCAD】 *5.(鲁 2007) —— Where did you get to kow her? A. that B. there C. which D. where

Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.译文:现在她正在制定旅行计划。 I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming.译文:我喜欢姐姐,但她有 一个严重的缺点。 【注释:be fond of …喜爱;爱好 eg. I'm fond of pop music.我喜欢流行音乐。 She 】 can be really stubborn.译文:她可能真的很顽固。 【注释:① stubborn 顽固的,固执的 eg. 1) He is a
stubborn child.他是个固执的孩子。 2) you're a silly, stubborn old woman.你是个愚蠢、顽固的老婆子。 ② (as) stubborn as a mule 非常顽固的,倔如驴的】 Although she didn’t know the best way of

getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.译文:尽管她对去某些地方
的最佳路线不太清楚, 但她却坚持要把这次旅行组织的尽善尽美。 【注释: insist + that-clause; insist on 与 stick to 区别 ① insist + that-clause 坚决宣称,坚持说(后跟陈述语气,表述的是一种观点) 坚持认为,坚决要求(后跟虚拟语气,表述的是一种行为, 这种结构可转化为 insist on doing sth. eg. She insisted that she (should) leave at once. She insisted on leaving at once.她坚持立刻就走。 ) eg. 1) The chairman insisted that all was not doom and gloom.主席坚持说不是所有的事情都是消极 和注定失败的。 2) I insisted that they should wait for our return.我坚决要求他们等我们回来。 ② insist on 后面常跟表示观点 view、 意见 opinion、 看法 viewpoint、 要求 demand 等主观概念。 eg. decision、计划 plan 等客观概念。 eg. He insisted on his demand.他坚持他的要求。 stick to 后面常跟表示原则 principle、承诺 promise、决定 You must stick to your promise.你必须遵守诺言。 试题:1) The man insisted ____ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. A. find B. to find C. on finding D. in finding

2) Seeing that he was so seriously ill, I insisted that he ____ to hospital at once. A. was sent CB】 B. be sent C. will be sent D. had been sent Keys:

Now I know that the proper way is always her way.译文:现在我明白了尽善尽美的总是她的方法。 I kept asking her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?”译文:我不停地问
她:“我们何时离开、何时回来?”【注释:keep doing sth.不停地做某事。 eg. The machine kept running. 机器一直运转。 I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. 译文:我问她是否已经看过 】 地图?【注释:whether she had looked at a map yet 用的是过去完成时。过去完成时表示在过去的某个 时间或动作之前已经发生或存在的状态,即必须有一个过去的时间或动作作参照。本句的 asked 是过去的 参照动作,look at a map 发生在 asked 之前,所以宾语从句要用过去完成时形式(即 had looked). 关过去完成时考查试题: 1. (京 2010-28) It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they ___ for me. A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing 有

2. (湘 2010-27) I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone ____ it. Was it you? A. has done B. had done C. would do D will do

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

3. (皖 2010-28) —— Were you surprised by the ending of the film? —— No, I ____ the book, so I already knew the story. A. was reading B. had read C. am reading D. have read

4. (陕 2010-15) If we ____ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take B. had taken C. took D. have taken 5. (苏 2010-30) —— Peter, where did you guys go for the summer vacation? —— We _____ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be Keys: ABBBC】

Of course she hadn’t; my sister doesn’t care about details.译文:当然,她没有看过,我姐姐不
关心细节。 【注释:① care about 喜欢,担心,在乎;对…感兴趣 eg. 1) I really care about the students in my class.我的确喜欢这个班上的学生。 2) I don't care much about music.我对音乐不很感兴趣。 3) The young people should care about the old.年轻人应该关心老人。 ②care for 照顾,照料; 尊重 eg. 我对他的话的确很尊重。 ③care to do sth.愿意做某事 1) The

mother cared for the sick child day and night.母亲日夜照料着生病的孩子。 2) I do care for what he says. eg. I don’t care to go to the party.我不太想去 参加聚会。 So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.译文:所以我 】 告诉她湄公河的源头在青海省。 She gave me a determined look — the kind that said she

would not change her mind.译文:她向我投一坚定的目光——那眼神表明她不会改变主意。 【注释:
① determined 坚定的,坚决的,决意的; be determined to do sth.决心做某事 eg. As he was not reconciled to his defeat, he was determined to try again in the next contest.他不甘心这次失败,决心在下次 比赛中再作努力。②change one’s mind 改变主意;make up one’s mind 某人下定决心;have no/ a mind to do 无/有意做, 心里(不)想做; read one’s mind 看出某人的心事; speak one’s mind 直言不讳; be in/of two minds 拿不定主意; give one’s mind to …注意; keep one’s mind on 专心于; take sb’s mind off sth. 转移某人的注意力; bear/ keep sth. in mind 记住某事; bring/ call sth. to mind 回忆某事; put sb. in mind of sth.使某人想起某事 eg. 1) Maybe you’ll think it over and change your mind.也许你愿意好好想想,会 改变主意。 2) I have no mind to do as you tell me.我无意照你吩咐的去做。 When I told her that our 】

journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it. 译文:当我告诉她旅行将会从 5,000 多米的海拔开始时,她似乎对此感到很激动。 【注释:①at an altitude of…在…海拔。 be excited about 对…感到激动】 ② When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.译文:
当我告诉她空气稀薄很难呼吸并且很冷时, 她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。注释: 【 句型 sth. is + adj. (for sb.) to do 中的 to do 与主语 sth.,在逻辑上是动宾关系,所以不可再在 to do 后面加 it/them 作宾语;此句型可以 转化为:it is + adj. (for sb.) to do sth.常用于此类结构的形容词有:light, heavy, difficult, easy, comfortable, interesting, bitter, fit 等主要用来描述主语或宾语的性质。另外,句型 it is + adj. (of sb.) to do sth.中的形容 词多为 kind, nice, clever, stupid, wise 等, 主要用来描写人的行为品质, 该动词不定式的逻辑主语则有 of 引 出。Eg. 1) Today’s homework is very hard for me to finish.今天的作业我很难完成。 2) It was wise of you to do that.你那样做很聪明。 考题: (全 2008) I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good ____. A. to be breathed B. to breathe C. breathing D. being breathed】 I know

my sister well.译文:我非常了解姐姐。 Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it.译文:一旦她作出决定,什么也改变不了。 【注释:① once 在此处为从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意
为“一旦…就…”。如:Once you begin, you must continue.一旦开了头, 你就应当继续下去。 one’s mind (to do sth.)下决心… ② mike up eg. We have made up our minds to keep out of their quarrel.我们已

经下定决心不理会他们之间的争吵。 Finally, I had to give in.译文: 】 最后, 我不得不让步。 【注释: give in (指政治立场的改变)屈服,让步,投降;give up(指遇到困难或挫折)放弃,认输, 猜不出 eg. 1) As neither management nor labour would give in, the union organized a strike.由于劳资双方互不让步, 工会

智立方教育中心 组织了一次罢工。

edited by BAIYUN 2) I can't answer that puzzle; I give up.我猜不出这个谜语, 我认输了。 】

Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library.译文:在旅行前的几 个月, 我和王伟常到图书馆去。 We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography.译文:我们找到了一个大地图集,所配的地图显示出地貌详情。 【注释:that showed details of world geography 是定语从句, 修饰限制前面的先行词 maps.】 From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. 译文:根据这份地图集,我
们明白了湄公河发源于西藏山脉上的一条冰河。At first the river is small and the water is clear

and cold.译文:起初,河流狭小,河水清澈冰凉。 【注释:at first 起初,开始,首先 eg. At first, he was
against our arrangement, but I managed to argue him round.起初, 他反对我们的安排, 但我设法使他改变 了看法。 Then it begins to move quickly.译文:然后,水势加快。 It becomes rapids as it 】

passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Provice.译文:流过峡谷穿
越滇西时, 水流湍急, 【注释: pass through 经过, 通过; 经历, 遭受; 经历并完成 marriage broke down.婚姻破裂不久, 约翰经历了一段短暂的艰难时期。 eg. 1) A diameter passes through the center of a circle.直径从圆心穿过。 2) John passed through a difficult period shortly after his 3) He passed through a university course in Houston.他在休斯敦修完了一门大学课程。 Sometimes the river becomes a 】

waterfall and enters wide valleys.译文:有时河流变成瀑布,流入宽阔的河谷。 We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.译文:当得知该河的一半流经中国时,我俩都感 到吃惊。 After it leaves China and high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm.译文:当她从中国和高原流过后,湄公河就变得宽阔,水色棕黄,河水温暖。 As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows.译文:流入东南亚之后,水流就变得舒缓。 It makes wide bends or meanders throgh low valleys to the plains where rice grows.译文:蜿蜒曲折,流过低谷,
进入平原,这里阡陌纵横。 【注释:①bend 弯曲处, (公路、河流或小路)转弯,折向;急转弯 road bent left and then right.这条路先往左拐再往右拐。 水缓缓绕过迪蒂斯汉姆。 ②meander (指溪流、 河流等)蜿蜒而流 eg. 1) The 2) The river slowly bends around Dittisham.河 eg. A stream meandered towards the

sea.一条小河蜿蜒地流向大海。 ③ where rice grows 是定语从句, 修饰限制前面的先行词 plains.】 At last,

the rive delta enters the South China Sea.译文:该河三角洲流入南中国海。 重点句型: 1.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it. 【精提取】 once 在此处为从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“一旦……就……”。 【巧应用】 一旦你许下诺言,就得遵守诺言。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ,you should keep it. 答案:Once you have made your promise 2.A determined person always tries to finish the job,no matter how hard it is. 【精提取】 no matter...是连词词组,作“不管;无论”解,同 what,who,when,how 等 词连用,引导表示让步的状语从句。 【巧应用】 不管发生什么事,不要泄气。 ________ ________ ________ ________,please don’t be discouraged. 答案:No matter what happens 3.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us,we were surprised by the
view.

【精提取】 To climb the mountains 为不定式短语作主语,谓语动词用单数,也可以用形式主语 it。 【巧应用】 学习一门外语对你今后的工作是很重要的。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________is important for your future work. 答案:To learn a foreign language

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

4.We can hardly wait to see them! 【精提取】 can hardly wait to do sth./for sth.或 cannot wait to do sth./for sth.是固定句式, 意为“迫不及待地要做某事,急切地做某事”。 【巧应用】 经过这次漫长而又疲惫的旅行,玛丽迫不及待地想回到家。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ after such a long and tiring journey. 答案:Mary couldn’t wait to get home 5.When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience. 【精提取】 the air would be hard to breathe 是“主语+be+adj.+不定式”结构,其中 the air 是 breathe 的逻辑宾语。 【巧应用】 英语难以短时间内学好。 English________ ________ ________ ________ ________ in a short time. 答案:is difficult to learn well 【词义辨析】 persuade,advise
(1)persuade 强调说服,劝服的结果。 如果“劝说”不服,不能直接用 persuade,而应用 try to persuade 或 advise,或者用 persuade 的否定式。eg. Jack tried to persuade Tom to go,but failed at last.杰克试图说服汤姆去,但最终失败了。 (2)advise sb.to do sth.“建议或劝说某人去做某事”,强调提出建议但对方不一定接受。 He advised me to go with him,but I wouldn’t.他建议我跟他一块去,但我不愿意。 【考题检测】 1. We trust you;only you can________him to give up smoking. A.suggest B.attract C.advise D.persuade

2. —Have you________him to give up the job? —Yes, have.But he doesn’t listen to I me. A.persuaded B.suggested C.agreed D.Advised

Strange things were happening in the countryside in northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farm-yards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976, people saw bright lights in the sky. The sound of planes could be heard outside Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, went to bed as usual that night. At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed that the world was at an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquakes of the 20th century began. It was heard in Beijing, which is one hundred kilometers away. One - third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. Two-thirds of the people died or were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

But how could the survivors believe it was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city’s hospitals, 75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for traveling. The railway tracks were now useless piece of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens had died. Sand now filled the wells instead of water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last. All hope was not lost. The army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped.The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped to bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to breathe again.

Ⅰ .重点单词 1.suffering n.苦难;痛苦→suffer vt.& vi.遭受 2.extreme adj.极度的→extremely adv.极度地 3.injure vt.损害;伤害→injury n. 4.shock vt.& vi.(使)震惊;震动→shocking/shocked adj. 5.electricity n.电;电流;电学→electric adj.电气科学的;与电有关的 6.frighten vt.使惊吓;吓唬→frightened adj.受惊吓的→frightening adj.令人恐惧的 7.congratulation n.祝贺;(复数)贺词→congratulate v.祝贺 8.express vt.表示;表达; n.快车;速递→expression n.表达,表示;词语 9.burst vi.爆裂;爆发;n.突然破裂;爆发 10.event n.事件;大事 11.ruin n.废墟;毁灭;vt.毁灭;使破产 12.destroy vt.破坏;毁坏;消灭 13.track n.轨道;足迹;痕迹 14.rescue n.& vt.援救;营救 15.trap vt.使陷入困境;n.陷阱;困境 16.disaster n.灾难;灾祸 17.bury vt.埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 18.shelter n.掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处 19.harm n.& vt.损失;损害 20.judge n.裁判员;法官;vt.断定;判断;判决 Ⅱ .重点短语 1.dig out 掘出;发现 2.be buried in 埋头于;专心于 3.judge from...从……判断 4.be proud of 为……而自豪;引以为荣

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

5.break out 爆发;发生 6.get rid of 离开,逃脱 7.a (great) number of 许多 8.the number of……的数量/数字 9.at once/right away 立刻;马上 10.burst into laughter/burst out laughing 突然大笑 11.as if 仿佛;好像 12.at an end 结束;终结 13.be/lie in ruins 严重受损;破败不堪 Ⅲ .重点句型 1.In the farmyards,the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 2.It seemed as if the world was at an end! 3.In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. 4.All hope was not lost. 5.To the north of the city,most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. Ⅳ .重点语法 定语从句是由关系代词或关系副词引导的从句,其作用是作定 语修饰主句的某个名词 性成分;引导定语从句的关联词称为关系词,关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有 that,which,who,whom,whose,as 等;关系副词有 where,when,why 等。关系词 常有 3 个作用:1.引导定语从句;2.代替先行词;3.在定语从句中担当一个成分。

Section Two

Language Points

1. In the farmyards,the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat.在农家 大院里, 鸡甚至是猪都紧张得不想进食。

He is too excited to speak. 他太激动了,说不出话来。 They reached the station too late to catch the train. 他们到火车站太迟了,没赶上火车。 以上句式用了 too...to 结构,意思为“太……而不能……”,表示否定意义。但是当 too...to...用来修饰表示态度、 情绪、 倾向等的形容词时, anxious, 如 eager, glad, happy, pleased,ready,willing 等,不定式为肯定意义。

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

He remarked he was too delighted to visit our city. 他说他很高兴访问我市。

(1)这个箱子太重,提不起来。 The box is too heavy to lift. (2)老师们很乐意接受对他们的教学方法提出的建议。 Teachers are too glad to accept the suggestions on their teaching method. 2. In the city,the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst.在市内,有些建筑 物里的 水管爆裂了。

He felt he would burst with anger and shame. 他恼羞成怒,都要气炸了。 The dam burst under the weight of water. 大坝在水的巨大压力下溃决了。 He burst into the room without knocking. 他没敲门就闯进了屋子。 The sun burst through the clouds. 太阳破云而出。 The words burst from her in an angry rush. 她脱口说出了那一堆气话。 There was a burst of laughter in the next room. 隔壁房间突然爆发出一阵笑声。 burst 既是名词也是动词,意为“爆炸;猛冲;爆发;突然出现”。 burst into 突然闯入,突然……起来,后接名词 burst into tears/laughter 突然哭/笑起来 burst into a room(闯)进房间 burst out 突然开始,后接 v.- 形式;(战争、疾病等)突然发生(=break out) ing burst out crying/laughing 突然哭/笑起来 burst in 突然插嘴,打断谈话;突然来到

(1)He suddenly burst into tears/burst out crying (哭了起来). (2)The audience burst into cheers/burst out cheering (爆发了一阵欢呼声). (3)The war burst out/broke out (爆发). 3. It seemed as if the world was at an end!仿佛到了世界末日!

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

① You look/looked as if you had seen a ghost. 你的神色看起来像撞到鬼了。 ② looks as if he were an artist. He 看上去他好像是个艺术家似的。 ③ She speaks English so fluently as if she had studied English in America. 她讲英语很流利,就像在美国学习过似的。 ④ seems as if it’s going to rain. It 看起来好像要下雨了。 ⑤ seemed as if he wasn’t satisfied with your work. It 看来他好像对你的工作不满意。 as if 系从属连词,意为“好像”。根据情况,as if 从句中可使用真实语气,如例句④ , ⑤ 表示事实如此;从句也可用虚拟语气,如例句① ③ ② ,表示事实并非如此。as if 从句表示 的动作如果指现在的动作, 从句的谓语用一般过去时(be 用 were); 如果表示过去的动作, 从句中用过去完成时;如果指将来,则用 would+动词原形。 as if 从句的主语如果和主句的主语一致,同时从句的谓语中含有 be 的某种形式,这时可 以 把从句的主语和 be 省去,后面保留介词短语、分词短语或不定式短语等形式。 He shook his head as if to say “No”.他摇了摇头,似乎想说“不”。 When he had finished,he waited as if for a reply. 讲完后,他等着,仿佛在等一个答复。 He looked around as if for help. 他环视四周,好像在寻求帮助。

(1)It seems as if she A.had read C.read 答案 A

the novel but in fact she’s never heard of it at all. B.has read D.would read whether he was

(2)The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if going in the right direction. A.seeing C.to see 答案 C (3)Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it A.was happening C.has happened B.happens D.happened yesterday. B.having seen D.to have seen

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

答案 D 4. Twothirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake.三分之二的人在地 震中受 伤或死去。

I was injured in a street accident. 我在一次车祸中受了伤。 John fell off the tree and injured his back. 约翰从树上摔下来把背部摔伤了。

injure,词性为动词,意为“损害,伤害”。 injury n.伤害,损伤 injured adj.受伤的 the injured 受伤的人;伤员(表示一类人) injure,hurt,wound,harm (1)injure 多指造成容颜、机能的损害;在事故中受伤。 (2)hurt 一般指精神上或肉体上受到伤害,有强烈的疼痛感。 (3)wound 指(人)在战斗、攻击中受伤。 (4)harm 常 用 于 口 语 , 一 般 用 作 及 物 动 词 , 表 示 “ 对 …… 有 害 / 损 害 ” 。

吸烟太多会损害你的健康。 You will harm your health by smoking too much. 5. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.在可怕的 15 秒内,一座大城市就 沦为了 废墟。

He wanted to become a doctor but his mother’s death was the ruin of his hope. 他想当医生,但他母亲的死使他的希望破灭了。 She poured water over my painting and ruined it. 她把水浇在我的画上,将画毁掉了。 We visited the ruins of the temple. 我们参观了那个庙宇的遗迹。 The castle is now in ruins. 城堡现在已成废墟。

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

ruin 动词或名词,意为“毁灭,毁坏”,其复数形式 ruins 意为“废墟,遗迹”,in ruins 意为“成为废墟”。 bring sb. to ruin 毁灭某人 come/go to ruin 毁灭

The fire left the temple A.ruin 答案 D

. B.in ruin C.ruins D.in ruins

6. Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed.所见之处,几乎一切都被 毁了。

① dog follows him everywhere he goes. His 无论到哪里,他那条狗总跟着他。 ② can’t find my pen though I’ve looked everywhere. I 我到处找那支钢笔,可就是找不到。 ③ Everywhere seemed silent. 万籁俱寂。 ④ Fire destroyed the forest. 大火烧毁了森林。 ⑤ The heavy storms destroyed a good part of our crops. 几场暴雨把大部分庄稼都毁坏了。 在例① 中,everywhere 用作连词,引导状语从句,意为“无论何处”;在例② 中词性是副 词,意为“到处,处处”,在例③ 中词性是名词,意为“每个地方”。在例④ 中, ⑤ destroy 词性是动词,意为“破坏,毁坏,消灭”。

destroy,damage,ruin (1)destroy 指彻底的损坏,常含不能或很难修复的意思。destroy 可接人,也可以接物。 (2)damage 损坏,毁坏,指部分损坏,降低某物的价值。damage 通常接物。 (3)ruin 一般指对物体或生命彻底的破坏,但往往是非暴力的,也不是一次打击的结果。 常 指对美好的或希望中的事物的破坏。

用 destroy,damage,ruin 的适当形式填空 (1)What left the town in ruins? (2)The fire destroyed their houses and they became homeless.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

(3)The fire did great damage to the town. 7. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins.有些医生和 营救人 员被困在了废墟下。

The lifeboat was sent out to rescue the sailors from the sinking ship. 救生艇被派出去救沉船上的水手。 The rescue team came to the visitors’ rescue on the island. 救援队去营救岛上的游客。 The car was trapped in the deep snow. 车陷在深雪中了。 I was trapped into signing a confession. 我被诱骗在供词上签了字。

rescue,名词或动词,意为“营救”,rescue sb.from...意为“从……中把人救出来”; the rescue team 意为“救援队”;come/go to sb.’s rescue 意为“营救某人”。be trapped in/ by...意为“困在……中”;trap sb.into doing sth./sth.意为“诱骗某人做某事”。 be caught in=be stuck in=be trapped in 均意为“困在……中”。

(1)The soldiers have tried to go to A.the boy C.the 答案 D (2)The girl cried because she A.has trapped in C.was trapped with 答案 D

rescue in the lake. B.their D.the boy’s the elevator. B.had trapped by D.was trapped in

8. All hope was not lost.并不是所有的希望都破灭了。

Not all the answers are right. =All the answers are not right. 并非所有的答案都对。 Not every boy likes football. = Every boy does not like football. 并不是每个男孩都喜欢足球。 Both of them don’t like English.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

他们俩并不都喜欢英语。 以上例句在意义上都表示部分否定,译为“并不是所有的都……;两者不都……”;其构 成条件是 not+all/every/both...或 all/every/both...+not。 “all,every,both 等全肯定词+not+谓语动词”或“not+all,every,both 等全肯定词+ 谓语动词”构成部分否定。所谓全肯定词,是指含有全体意义的代词与副词,常见的有: all,both,always,every(everybody,everyone,everything,everywhere)等。如果表 示全 部否定,要分别用 none,neither,never,no,nobody,nothing,nowhere。 Neither of them is doctors.他们俩都不是医生。 No boy likes football. 没有一个男孩喜欢足球。

(1)All men here are not honest. 这儿的人并非都诚实。 (2)Both of the brothers don’t like the film. 兄弟俩并不都喜欢这部电影。 (3)Not everything went well with him. 他并非每件事情都顺利。 (4)I never get up late. 我从不晚起床。 (5)None of my friends smoke. 我的朋友都不吸烟。 (6)Nothing is needed. 什么都不需要。 9 To the north of the city,most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there.在城市的北部,有一个有万名矿工的煤矿,其中多数人得救了。

① the south of the mountain,there is a river. To 在山的南面有一条河。 ② the east of the village lies a factory. To 村东有个工厂。 ③ East of the town is a tower. 城东有个塔。 在例① 中,to the south of the mountain 在句中作状语。在例② 中,表示方位的 to the east of

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

the village 置于句首,本句用了倒装结构,该短语也可省略为像例③ east of the 的 village 形式。 方位词位于句首时,常用句式为:(To the)East/West...+动词+主语。

stands a tower. A.To east of the hill C.In the east of the hill 答案 D B.The east of the hill D.East of the hill

地球的一个不眠之夜 河北省东北部的农村不断有些怪事发生。三天来,村子里的井水升升降降,起起伏伏。 农夫注意到,水井的井壁上有深深的裂缝,裂缝里冒出臭气。农家大院里的鸡,甚至猪都紧 张得不想吃食。老鼠从田地里跑出来找地方藏身。鱼缸和池塘里的鱼会往外跳。在 1976 年 7 月 28 日凌晨 3 点左右,有些人看到天上一道道明亮的光。即使天空没有飞机,在唐山城 外也可以听到飞机声。在市内,有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。但是,唐山市的一百万居民 几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 在凌晨 3 点 42 分,一切都开始摇晃起来。世界似乎到了末日!二十世纪最大地震中的 一次就在唐山市正下方 11 公里处发生了。100 公里以外的北京市都感到了地震,全国 1/3 的地方都有震感。一条 8 公里长 30 米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍、马路和渠道。地上一些洞穴 冒出了蒸气。石头山变成了泥沙河。在可怕的 15 秒钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之 中。人们遭受的灾难极为深重。2/3 的人在地震中死去或受伤。成千上万个家庭遇难,许多 孩子变成了孤儿。死伤的人数达到 40 多万。 幸存的人们又怎么能相信这是自然现象呢?人们无论朝哪里看, 哪里的一切都几乎被毁 了。所有的市内医院、75%的工厂和建筑物、90%的家园都消失了。残砖就像秋天的红叶覆 盖着大地,然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。两座大坝垮了,多数桥梁不是塌了就是无法安全 通行了。铁轨如今成了一条条废钢。好几万头牛再也挤不出奶来。50 万头猪和几百万只鸡 全都死了。井里满是沙子,而不是水。人们惊呆了。接着,在下午晚些时候,又一次和第一 次一样强烈的地震震撼着唐山。有些医生和救援人员被困在废墟下面。更多的房屋倒塌了。 水、电和食物都很难弄到。人们开始纳闷,这场灾难还会持续多久。 并不是所有的希望都破灭了。地震后不久,部队派了 15 万名战士到唐山来协助救援人 员。数十万的人得到了救助。部队人员组成小分队,将受困的人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。在 唐山市的北边,有一个万名矿工煤矿,其中多数人得救了。援救人员为那些家园被毁的幸存 者盖起了避难所。用火车、卡车和飞机向市内运来了水。慢慢地,这座城市又开始出现了生 机。 Ⅱ .速读课文,回答下列问题 1.What happened? 2.Where did it happen?

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

3.How long did it last? 4.Who helped to rescue the trapped people? Ⅲ .精读课文,回答下列问题 1.概括每一部分的大意 Part 1(Para.1):Before the earthquake,strange things began to happen but no one took any notice of them. Part 2(Paras.2~3):The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan and shocked the people very much. Part 3(Para.4):The army came to help the survivors,bringing hope for a new life. 2.True or false? (1)People in Tangshan were warned of the earthquake and didn’t go to bed that night.(F) (2)People in Beijing also felt the earthquake.(T) (3)More than 400,000 people were killed in the earthquake.(F) (4)Many rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins during the aftershock.(T) (5)People tried to get fresh water from under the ground in Tangshan.(F) 3.完成下列表格 Main idea Details (1)Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. The water in the wells (2)rose and (3)fell. Signs before the earthquake (Para.1) A (4)smelly gas came out of the cracks. The chickens and even the pigs were too (5)nervous to (6)eat. Mice (7)ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish about (8)jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about (9)3∶ a.m. on July 28,1976,people saw (10)bright 00 lights in the sky. At (11)3∶ a.m.,the (12)greatest earthquake of the 20th 42 century began. Damage caused by earthquake (Paras.2~3) (13)Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of (14)dirt. (15)Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. Two (16)dams and most of the bridges fell. The railway tracks were now (17)useless pieces of (18)steel. (19)Sand now filled the wells instead of water. Water,food,and (20)electricity were hard to get. 4.填入正确的数据

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

(1)1/3 of the nation felt the earthquake. (2)A huge crack that was 8 kilometres long and 30 metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals. (3)In 15 terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. (4)2/3 of the people died or were injured during the earthquake. (5)The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. (6)All of the city’s hospitals,75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. Ⅳ .与同桌讨论、理解下列长难句并尝试翻译成汉语 1.Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 句子结构分析:现在分词短语 looking for places to hide 在句中表伴随,作伴随状语。 翻译:老鼠从地里跑出来找地方藏身。 2.It seemed as if the world was at an end! 句子结构分析:It seemed as if 是固定句型结构,意为“看起来像是……”。 翻译:看起来像是到了世界末日! 3.Water, food,and electricity were hard to get. 句子结构分析:本句的结构是:主语+be+adj.+to do,其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动 含义。 翻译:水、电和食物都很难弄到。 4.All hope w as not lost. 句子结构分析: all 与 not 连用表示部分否定。 翻译:并不是所有的希望都破灭了。 Ⅴ .根据下列提示复述课文 sign damage rescue ——|————|————|——→ before... during... after...

Section Three

Grammar

定语从句(Ⅰ )

1.Titanic is the ship that sank after hitting an iceberg. 2.Rose and Jack are the lovers who met on the ship. 3.The earthquake that/which hit the city in 1906 was the biggest in American history.

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

4.We don’t know the number of people that/who lost their homes in the earthquake of 1906. 以上 4 句的斜体部分都是对其前的名词进行修饰限制的,即作了该名词的定语。定语是 用 来限定、修饰名词或代词的,主要由形容词担任。此外,名词,代词,数词,分词,副 词,不定式以及介词短语也可以来担任,也可以由一个从句即定语从句来担任。单词作定 语时通常放在它所修饰的词之前, 作前置定语; 短语和从句作定语时则放在所修饰的词之 后,作后置定语。

定语从句是由关系代词或关系副词引导的从句, 其作用是作定语修饰主句的某个名词性成 分,相当于形容词,所以又称为形容词性从句,一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词后面。如以 上例句中的斜体部分。 关系词:引导定语从句的关联词称为关系词,关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有 that,which,who,whom,whose,as 等;关系副词有 where,when,why 等。关系 词常 有 3 个作用:1.引导定语从句。2.代替先行词。3.在定语从句中担当一个成分。 先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词、代词称为先行词,如以上例句中的划线部分。 1.that 指人或物,在从句中作主语、宾语或表语,作宾语时可以省略。 The house (that) I’m going to buy faces south. Jane has borrowed the book that was written by Lao She. 2.which 指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时可以省略。 I’m not interested in the book which has just been published. I showed him the letter (which) I received this morning. 3.who、whom 指人,在从句中 who 作主语和宾语,whom 只能作宾语;作宾语时二者都 可 以省略。 The girl (whom) I called just now is from America. The boys who are playing football are from Class One. 4.whose 指人或物,在从句中作定语。 The girl whose father had given us a report got first. That’s the mach ine whose parts are too small to see. 5.限制性定语从句中只能用 that 的几种情况 (1)当先行词是 anything, everything, nothing (something 除外), few, none, all, little, some 等代词时,或者是由 every,any,all,some,no,little,few,much,each 等 修饰 时。

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN

Have you taken down everything (that) Mr.Li has said? There seems to be nothing that seems impossible for him in the world. All that can be done has been done. There is little (that) I can do for you. Any man that/who has a sense of duty won’t do such a thing. (2)当先行词被序数词、形容词最高级、the only、the very 来修饰或当先行词前面有 who,which 等疑问代词时。 The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. This is the best film that I have seen. Wang Hua is the only person in our school that will attend the meeting. Who is the man that is standing there? Which is the Tshirt that fits me most? (3)当先行词既有人,也有动物或者物体时。 Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned? (4)当关系代词在定语从句中作表语时。 The village is no longer the one that it used to be 10 years ago.

Ⅰ .Fill in the blanks with who,whom,whose,which and that. 1.The man who/whom/that I saw told me to wait. 2.The man to whom I spoke was a foreigner. 3.I know a boy whose father is an acrobat(杂技演员). 4.He saw a house whose windows were all broken. 5.All the apples that fall are eaten by wild boars. 6.Can you think of anyone that/who could look after him? 7.This is the best hotel that I know. 8.He showed us a machine whose parts were too small to be seen. Ⅱ .翻译句子 1.他指给我看他画的画。 He showed me the picture that he drew. 2.我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that/who you speak to. 3.她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary. 4.那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends. 5.你记不记得我们一起度过的那一天? Do you remember the day that we spent together?

智立方教育中心

edited by BAIYUN


更多相关文档:

新课标人教版英语必修1 Unit1

新课标人教版英语必修1 Unit1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一新课标必修1 1 新课标人教版英语必修 1 Unit1--5 句型背诵 1. I wonder if it’s because I ...

人教版新课标高中英语必修1课文翻译

人教版新课标高中英语必修1课文翻译_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 1 友谊 P2 Reading 安妮最好的朋友 你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?或者你...

高一英语必修1~3单词表人教版(新课标)

高一英语必修1~3单词表人教版(新课标)_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一英语必修1~3单词表人教版(新课标)带音标高中英语 必修 1 词汇表(新课标人教版)...

人教版新课标高中英语必修一知识点归纳

人教版新课标高中英语必修一知识点归纳 人教版新课标高中英语必修一知识点归纳(按单元分) 新课标必修 1 Unit1 Friendship 重点词组: be good to 对?.友好 add ...

高一英语新课标(人教版)课文详解必修一-unit_1

高一英语新课标(人教版)课文详解必修一-unit_1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语课文详解及考点连接 \ 1 必修一 I. Vocabulary: II. Unit 1 Friendship Reading...

高一英语上册 教学案全套 新人教版必修1

高一英语上册 教学案全套 新人教版必修1_高一政史地_政史地_高中教育_教育专区。高一英语上册 教学案全套 新人教版必修1 ,60页必修...

新课标人教版高中英语必修1至5全套教案汇编(共五册)

新课标人教版高中英语必修1至5全套教案汇编(共五册)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。收集人教版高中英语必修一至五(五册)全套教案,内容翔实,并附有说课稿等内容,欢迎下...

人教版高一英语必修一Unit1测试题(含答案)

人教版高一英语必修一Unit1测试题(含答案)_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。新课标人教版高中英语必修一 Unit 1 一. 单项填空 1. --- Mary’s got crazy ...

人教版新课标高一英语必修一词组归纳总结

人教版新课标高一英语必修一词组归纳总结_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一英语必修 1 词组归纳总结 Unit 1 Friendship be good to …对….友好 add up …...
更多相关标签:
新课标高一英语必修一 | 人教版高一英语必修一 | 人教版高一英语必修二 | 人教版高一英语必修1 | 人教版高一英语必修2 | 新课标英语必修五单词 | 新课标高中英语必修五 | 高一新课标英语周报 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com