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主谓一致

一、集体名词作主语
1. 做复数的集体名词 P87 ① people, cattle, police, militia, folk, poultry(家禽) 2. 作为单数的集体名词 equipment, furniture, machinery, merchandise (货物) 3. 视情况可作单数或复数 P86-87
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br /> 二、并列结构作主语
1. both, both …and…连接的并列主语 P85 a. 指多个人或物,用谓语的复数形式P85 b. 指同一个人或物,谓语用单数形式 P86 2) bacon and eggs, my neighbor and colleague, a cup and saucer 2. not only …but also…连接的并列主语 ---- 就近原则 P86 4) Not only his children but also his wife ________ to go to the North. (not want) Not only the mother but also the children ______ sick. (be)

3. or, either…or…, neither…nor…连接的并列主语
--就近原则 P86 3)& 4)

4. “名词主语+ as well as, in addition to, along with, together with”,谓语单复数形式与名词主语保持一致 P81 1)

三、以数量概念作为主语
1. 表示度量、数目或时间、金钱、距离、体积等 P89 1) a. 当该名词表示的数量为一个整体时, 谓语为单数形式 b. 表示具体的一个个的个体,谓语用复数形式 2. “分数/百分数+of+名词” Three-fourths of the surface of the earth _____ sea. Two-thirds of the people present _______ against the plan.
总结:________________________________

3. 以”some/all/most/lots/loads/half等+of+名词”

Most of the money on the table ____ mine. Most of the directors _____ against the plan. Lots of food _____ going to waste. Lots of people ____ waiting outside.

总结: _______________________________

4. “many a /more than one +名词” 作主语

Many a man was killed in the accident. More than one vehicle was destroyed in the explosion.
Practice

was spent in interviewing the applicants. Many an hour _________ was missing. More than one passenger ______

总结: _______________________________

5. none of…, either of…, neither of…作主语 None of the telephones _____ working. Neither of the cars ______ damaged. Either of them _______ (wear) glasses.

总结: _______________________________ none of 后接的是可数名词作主语,谓语用单 复数都可以;none of后接不可数名词作主语, _______________________________ 谓语用单数形式 _______________
neither of 和either of 的短语作主语,谓语动词 通常用单数形式

6. a number of + 可数名词 the number of + 可数名词 a variety (种类) of + 可数名词 the variety of + 可数名词 A number of students from the south. There a variety of goods on sale in the shop. The number of students from the north small. The variety of goods on sale in that shop surprising.

7. an amount of/ a quantity of + 不可数名词 quantities of/ amounts of + 不可数名词

A large amount of money is spent on the project. A large quantity of desert covers the land. Small amounts of land were used for raising animals. Large quantities of coal are needed in the factory every year.
总结:an amount of / a quantity of +不可数名词作主语, 谓语动词用单数形式 amounts of / quantities of +不可数名词作主语,谓 语动词用复数形式

8. “one of + 复数可数名词或代词+ 定语从句” 的结构 P88 2) have been This is one of the most interesting questions that _________ (be) said. Cf. plays Sara was the only one of the youngest girls who ______ (play) in the band.

总结:* “one of + 复数可数名词或代词+ 定语从句” 的结构, 定语从句中的谓语动词用复数形式


当one之前有the only等词修饰时,定语从句中的谓语 动词用单数形式

四、以-s结尾的名词作主语的主谓一致
(一)、以-s结尾的名词作单数
1. 以-s结尾的疾病名称 P89 2. 以-s结尾的学科名称 P89 3. 以-s结尾的国家名称或机构名称 P81

9. a majority of, the majority of,a minority of, the minority of + 名词 P84 表格 q)

(二)、以-s结构为的名词作复数 1. 以-s结尾的群岛、海峡、山脉等的名称 如:the West Indies, the Alps, the Himalayas, the Philippines 2. 某些有两个部分组成的物体名称 P83 如:trousers, scissors, shorts, glasses, glasses等 3. 某些以-ings结尾的名词 如:clippings, earnings, lodgings, surroundings, sweepings,savings 4. clothes, contents等以-s结尾带有不同意义的名词 (参照“名词”章节中的补充内容)

3. 以-s结尾的名词可作单数或复数

headquarters, means, series, species, works, crossroads等

五、主语从句中的主谓一致问题
1. what-分句作主语,主句谓语用单数形式

What caused the accident is a complete mystery.
2. that等名词性分句作主语,谓语动词用单数形式 That they were wrong in these matters is now clear to us. Whether she comes or not doesn’t concern me. Who is to head the delegation is still open to question. 3. 两个由and连接的名词性从句作主语的主谓一致 What caused the accident and who was responsible for it remain a mystery to us.

六、其他结构
1. 名词化的形容词作主语的主谓一致 1). the+ a. 表一类人 the old, the aged, the sick, the lost the impossible, the difficult 2). the + a. 表一类事物

3). the + -sh/-ch/-ese 表示总称 the Chinese, the English, the British, the French 2. 动名词或不定式短语作主语的主谓一致 To plan a composition in advance is a good idea. Your leaving us so soon was a great disappointment for us all. Playing with fire is dangerous.

To listen to fine music and to have conversation with friends ______ two pleasures in life.


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