当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 高考英语《完形填空解题技巧》课件 (3)1

高考英语《完形填空解题技巧》课件 (3)1


高考英语完形填空解题技巧

朱爱华

高考英语完形填空解题技能实战演练【分1-4 部分】

1.

2. 3.
4.

高考英语完形填空解题技能实战演练(1)

因果关系、 并列, 就是指 由and 或or连 接的并 列成分

>类属关系 同类关系 相对关系等

因果关系
[例1] These tell the story of a mother whose baby grows 23 and pale and has changed so much that it is almost unrecognizable to the parents. 23. A. sick B. slim C. short D. small [解析] 选项中 只有ill才与pale 有相关性( 因果关系),即因为“生病”,所以脸色 才会“苍白”,故选A。

同类关系 [例2]Edgar Allan Poe, whose life was short and seemingly unhappy, wrote stories and poems of mystery and 22 insanity(疯狂) and death. 22. A. happiness B. science C. society D. terror
[解析]因为只有terror(恐怖)才与mystery(神秘)、 insanity(疯狂)和death(死亡)是表示同类意义的名 词,而不可能是与“happiness(幸福)”“science(科 学)”或“society(社会)”并列,故选D。

类属关系 [例3]Edgar Allan Poe is also remembered as the father of modern detective fiction, stories of an investigator who has to solve murders and other 27 27. A. accidents B. crimes C. events D. incidents [解析]因为“murder(凶杀)”是各种“crimes( 犯罪)”行为中的一种,所以与“murder(凶杀 )”并列应是“其他各种犯罪行为”,故选B。

相对关系
[例4] When Christ was born nearly two thousand years ago, many people, rich and _______, gave him presents. A. ill B. healthy C. poor D. tall [解析]因为由句意可知,应当是指“耶稣 出生时,许多人,无论贫富,都给他礼 物”,故选择与rich相对意义的poor,即 选C。

即时练习 1.Nobel was upset to find out not that he had died, but that, when his time was up, he would be thought of only as one who profited from _____and destruction. A. death B. disease C. trouble D. attack 1. A。与destruction (毁灭)并列应当是death( 死亡),故选A。

2. The poverty(贫困) was worse than anything my young companions had ever imagined. Back in the hotel, an air of sadness settled over the group. Many ________and cried. A. gave up B. broke down B. C. set off D. held on 2. B。与cried(哭)并列应当是break down(情 绪失控),故选B。

3. It’s not easy being a teenager– nor is it easy being the parent of a teenager. You can make your child feel angry, hurt, or ______ by what you say without realizing it yourself. A. dismissed B. misunderstood C. misled D. satisfied

3. B。与angry (生气)和hurt (伤害)意义 相关的应当是misunderstood(误解),故 选B。

4. …my mother said that we might soon be leaving for America …I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives. When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see --- the strange and ______ places I had known only from books and pictures. A. unfrequented B. remote C. different D. magical 4. D。与strange(陌生的)并列应当是 magical(神奇的),故选D。

5. When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important… This view is shortsighted. In fact, music education is ________ and important for all students. A. beneficial B. available C. expensive D. powerful
5. A。与important(重要的)并列,且符合语境的,应 当是beneficial(有益的),句意为:“音乐教育对所有 学生来说,是有益的,也是重要的。”

高考英语完形填空解题技能实战演练(2)

一、同词复现

[例1] Tales of the supernatural are common in all parts of Britain. In particular, there was (and perhaps still is) a belief in fairies(仙女). Not all of these 21 are the friendly, peopleloving characters that appear in Disney films, and … A. babies B. believers C. fairies D. supermen
[解析]前句说是人们“相信有仙女”,后句“并非所有这 些_ 是友好的”,承前逻辑,空格处应填“仙女”了,故 选C。

二、同义复现 [例2] There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended 27 . A. cases B. tools C. steps D. methods
[解析]前句说“避免这类的事发生有许多方法(ways)”, 冒号后的解释,“在小孩睡觉时在其头上悬挂一把刀, 或者用其父亲的裤子盖着他,就是其中值得推荐的两种 ________”,承前逻辑,自然是其中的两种“方法”, 与ways同义的是methods,故选D。

三、结构复现
[例3] Alfred Nobel became a millionaire and changed the ways of mining, construction, and warfare as the inventor of dynamite (炸药) . …“Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became 23 by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.” A. famous B. sick C. rich D. popular
[解析] Alfred Nobel引导定语从句的who指代的就是Alfred Nobel,两句是相似的,且两句的后部分的内容各为“发明 了炸药”与“找到了更快的杀人方式”,可以想象,两 者的意义何等接近!可见,与“变成百万富翁”对应的 应当是“变成富裕”,故选C。

即时练习
1. Wouldn’t it be great if we didn’t have to remember passwords (密码)ever again? If we could just sit in front of our computers and be automatically logged in(登录)? Crave mentions how NEC Soft Biode Logon system uses face recognition (识别)technology to log you on to Windows, rather than using a _______. A. face B. password C. software D. system

前面说了“如果不必再记密码…”对此问的回答是“系统 是如何用脸部识别技术来帮你登陆,而不是用________”。 承前逻辑,此处应当是“而不是用密码”,故选B。

2. After doing a little research, I found this type of technology already available in English to consumers via a relatively inexpensive application called Face Code. The______ requires the use of a webcam to recognize and log PC users into their systems. A. account B. consumer C. designer D. software
答案为D。与application(应用软件)同义的是software, 故选 D。

3. Grasslands need time to recover when cattle and other animals feed on them. Moving animals from one field to another can provide the _______needed for new growth. A. cattle B. time C. space D. help
3. B。前句“当牛或其他动物吃了牧草地上 的草后,牧草地需要时间才可恢复”,本句 “动物的迁徙就可以提供草生长所需要的 ________”,承前句逻辑,可知空格处填 “时间”,故选B。

4. On 27 February 2008, something unusual happened in Britain; there was a rather large earthquake. It was the ______UK earthquake in 25 years. A. biggest B. loudest C. deadliest D. scariest
4.A。前句“2008年2月27日,英国发生了一 件不寻常的事,一场非常大的地震”,本句 “是25年来英国最________的地震” 。承前 逻辑,应当是“最大的”地震,故选A。

5. Most people believe they don’t have much imagination. They are wrong. Everyone has _______, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to make use of it. (原创) A. creativity B. memory C. imagination D. limitation
5. C。前句说:“多数人认为他们自己没有 想象力。他们的这种观点是错误的。”承前 逻辑,“(事实上)每个人都有想象力,只是 ……”,故选C。

6. When he arrived at his father’s house, he was told that his father had been in hospital for a week. He was about to leave for (去;前往) the ______when he saw… A. city B. hospital C. factory D. university 6. B。前面说“当他回到父亲家时,初 告知他父亲已住院一周了”,承前逻辑, 他应是“去医院”,故选B。

7. Once adults understand what children are communicating through their behavior, they can respond better. When children feel respected and have their needs met, there is no longer a reason to use challenging _______ to communicate. A. action B. language C. gesture D. behavior 7. D。前句说,“成年人一旦懂得小孩通过 行为要表达的意思,就会作出更好的应对。” 承前逻辑,本句应为“当孩感觉得到尊重和 满足需求时,他们就不再用挑战性的行为来 交流了”。故选D。

高考英语完形填空解题技能实战演练(3)

动词与介词的搭配 动词与其宾语的搭配
句式结构上的搭配和 习语搭配等 在解答完形填空时,充分考虑这些搭 配关系,有助于我们作出正确选择。

一、动介搭配
根据动词与其后介词的搭配关系来选择一个恰当 的动词。 [例1] On April 12, 1888, Alfred’s brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper ___ his brother for him and… A. found B. misunderstood C. mistook D. judged [解析]能与“A for B”搭配的在四个选项 中只有选项C, mistake X for Y 意为“误 以为X是Y”,故选C。

二、动宾搭配
根据动词与其宾语是否可以搭配、在意义上是否 符合逻辑或常识来确定选用哪个动词。 [例2] Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to ___ the Nobel Prizes, which would be awarded to people who… A. establish B. form C. develop D. promote [解析]在不定式短语中,宾语是“诺贝尔奖”, 动词该用哪一个?设立?形成?发展?促进?根 据常识,能与“奖项”搭配的,在这四个选项中 只有“设立”,故选A。

三、句式搭配
根据句式或句型的搭配来确定填哪一个词。

[例3] The book tells us of useful skills such as how to put what you have learned into pictures of your mind to your memory better. A. make B. turn C. 1et D. change
[解析]在四个选项中,能接“宾语+形容词作宾 补”的只有选面A,make your memory better 意为“使你的记忆力变得更好”,故选A。

四、习语搭配
根据习惯用语的固定搭配来确定正确选项。 [例4] Intellectual property (IP) (知识产权) is a product of the mind that has commercial value. The concept ___ back to 1623 when the first patent law to protect IP rights was passed.

A. holds

B. dates

C. sets

D. turns

[解析] date back to是惯用短语,意为“追溯到”,故选B。 值得注意的是,解题时,不能一看到搭配就选答案,这样 往往容易出错。因为有时单独看空格前后或单独看空格所 在句,除正确答选项外,其他选项也可能与其前后构成搭 配,这时,还需要根据上下文的意思和逻辑,同时也需要 结合生活常识才能定夺。

[例5] Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to establish the Nobel Prizes, which would be awarded to people who made great _______ to the causes of peace, literature, and the sciences.

A. additions B. sacrifices C. changes D. contributions [解析] 四个选项都可构成习语搭配: make additions to 给??增加 make sacrifices to 对??做出牺牲 make changes to对??作修改 make contributions to 对??作贡献 但根据句意和常识,奖项应当奖给那些为和平、 文学和科学“作出贡献”的人,故选D。

●即时练习●

1. Dance can be art, ritual(仪式;礼制), or recreation(娱乐). It goes beyond the functional purposes of the movement used in work or athletics in order to express emotions, moods, or ideas; tell a story; 22 religious, political, economic, or social needs; … A. do B. have C. perform D. serve
1. D。与宾语need搭配,表示“满足需要”,选 项中只有动词serve,故选D。

2. It was a beautiful letter, but there was no way, except for the name Michael, to identify the owner. Maybe if I called the information center, the operator could find a phone listing for the address on the envelope. Actually, I took great_____ to find both Hannah and Michael, who still remained single.

A. pains B. risks C. actions D. cautions
2. A。因表示“煞费苦心做某事”是take great pains to do sth,故选A。另外,take risks to do sth“冒险做某事”,take actions to do sth“采取行 动做某事”不合语境。

3. Participating workplaces let employees (员工;雇员)wear jeans (牛仔裤)on October 5 for a $5 donation. “It’s a real way for everyone to feel like they’re making a ___,” says the Emmy-winning actress. A. difference B. decision C. friend D. profit
根据上文:Hargitay发起一个为乳腺癌研究募款的项目, 即通过上班穿牛仔裤的员工捐款5元钱。她认为这是一个 让每个人感觉在起作用,出一份力的有效途径。

3. A。make a difference 意为“有影响,起作用”。

4. If someone else wishes to represent the idea or develop it further, he/she must consult the original artists, who will normally be 25 financially for its use. A. rewarded B. praised C. awarded D. punished 4. A。“reward for sth./doing sth.”即“为 (做)某事而报答”,“award sb. sth./sth. to sb.”即“授予某人某物”,可知A项正确。

5. On April 12, 1888, Alfred's brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper mistook his brother for him and carried an article _______ the death of Alfred Nobel. “The merchant of death is dead.” the article read. A. introducing B. announcing C. implying D. advertising
5. B。由常识可知,报社应是“发布”消息; 根据动宾关系,能与宾语“阿尔弗雷德· 诺贝 尔死亡的消息”搭配的也应当是“发布”, 而不是“介绍”“暗示”“给……做广告”, 故选B,announce (give information about)。

高考英语完形填空解题技能实战演练(4)

根据上文信息推理
运用 逻辑 推理

根据下文信息推理

根据上文信息推理
[例1]On April 12, 1888, Alfred’s brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper mistook his brother for him and…“Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.” Nobel was ___ to find out not that he had died, but that, when his time was up, he would be thought of only as one who profited from death and destruction. A. upset B. anxious C. excited D. pleased

[解析]前面讲报道中的两件事:一是报社 误以为诺贝尔是他的兄弟死了,二是说他 是靠发现更快的杀人方式发财。根据生活 常识,作为诺贝尔本人,看到这篇报道, 不可能感到“渴望(anxious)”“兴奋 (excited)”或“高兴(pleased)”,而应当是 “不高兴(upset)”,故选A。本句大意:诺 贝尔感到不快,不是因为报社误解他死了, 而是在他死后被认为是一个靠制造死亡和 毁灭而赚钱的人。

[例2]It was then feared that the fairies had come and stolen the baby away and replaced the human baby with a fairy Changeling. There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended methods. However, hope was not lost even if the baby had been . A. missed B. stolen C. found D. lost

[解析]空格前两句说人们害怕仙女来 偷小孩(stolen the baby away)及其阻 止此事发生的方法,所以空格句应是 “即使小孩被偷走了,也还是有希望 的”,故选B。

根据下文信息推理 [例3] Not all of these fairies are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and in some folktales they are___ and cause much human suffering. A. powerful B. cruel C. frightened D. extraordinary

[解析]根据空格后面的信息 “and cause much human suffering(会造成人类的痛苦)” 可以推断出, “在某些民间故事中,仙女是残酷的”,故选B )。

[例4] To make sure that he was 26 with love and respect, Nobel arranged in his 27 to give the largest part of his money to establish the Nobel Prizes, which would be awarded to people who made great contributions to the causes of peace, literature, and the sciences. So basically, Nobel had to die before he realized what his life was really about. 26. A. repaid B. described C. supported D. remembered 27. A. book B. article C. will D. contract

[解析]第26题,由空格后面的信息“诺贝尔 在遗嘱中安排捐出他的钱来设立诺贝尔奖 ……”可以推出,其目的是为了让自己被别人 爱戴与尊敬地“纪念,铭记(remembered)”他, 而不是“报答(repaid)”“描述(described)”“支持 (supported)”他,从而改变当时人们对他的看 法,故选D。 第27题,由最后一句中的die这一关键词可以 得到启示,设立诺贝尔奖应是在他的“遗嘱 (will)”中作的安排,故选C。


更多相关文档:

高考英语完形填空解题技巧(讲义)

搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高考英语完形填空解题技巧(讲义)_英语_高中教育_教育...1. A. left 2. A. ideas 3. A. board 4. ...

高二英语【完形填空解题技巧】

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...每一天 咨询电话:020---87249689 XL---JX001 高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1. ...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧1

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1 1.利用首句信息 从历年的试题可以看出,完形填空所...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1.利用首句信息 从历年的试题可以看出,完形填空所采用...

高三英语完形填空解题技巧

高三英语完形填空解题技巧_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育...working D. complaining Conclusion 1 : 充分利用...created D. lay in Conclusion 3: 注意___的辨义...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧

搜试试 2 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1.利用首句信息 这个句子...All went___3___that first week. When Saturday...

高中英语完形填空解题技巧

高中英语完形填空解题技巧_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育...其次,做完形填空时,要注意以下的答题 技巧。 1. ...第三,细读首句。完形填空题的首句不设空,一般是...

高考完形填空解题技巧

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...2015 年高考英语完形填空解题技巧 1. 依据上下文确定答案的法则:从近几年的...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧与指导

搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高考英语完形填空解题技巧与指导_英语_高中教育_教育...(1. D. 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. B ...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧解析

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...高考完形填空解题技巧 完形填空是高考英语中的一个...一、完形填空题型特点 1、阅读文章短,设空多 为了...
更多相关标签:
完形填空解题技巧课件 | 完形填空解题技巧 | 英语完形填空解题技巧 | 高考完形填空解题技巧 | 初中完形填空解题技巧 | 考研完形填空解题技巧 | 高中完形填空解题技巧 | 中考完形填空解题技巧 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com