闵行区 2015 学年第二学期高三年级质量调研考试
考生注意： 1．考试时间 120 分钟，试卷满分 150 分。 2．本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第 I 卷（第 1-11 页）和第 II 卷（第 12 页） ，全卷 共 12 页。所有答题必须涂（选择题）或写（非选择题）在答题纸上，做在试卷上一律不 得分。 3．答题前，务必在答题
纸上填写准考证号和姓名。 第 I卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At a post office. C. At a newspaper office. 2. 3. A. $15. B. $30. B. At a garage. D. At a publishing house. C. $50. D. $100. (共103分)
A. She’s unwilling to do it.
B. She is afraid of donating blood.
C. Donating blood is none of her business. D. She’s ready to donate blood. 4. A. A shop assistant. C. An electrician. 5. 6. A. Boring. B. Horrible. B. A dentist. D. A bank clerk. C. Moving. D. Sad.
A. Lending money to a student. C. Reading a student ’s application.
B. Working in the office. D. Asking for some financial aid. B. The application of the steam engine. D. Watt ’s life.
A. The invention of the steam engine. C. The history textbook.
A. He has not adjusted to the new culture. B. He has been studying hard at night. C. He finds biology difficult to learn. D. He is not accustomed to the time in a different zone.
A. She thinks that Bill Gates is a successful person not just because he is rich. B. She believes that it’s impossible for Bill Gates to be rich and kind as well.
C. She doesn’t want to be a person like Bill Gates. D. She regards wealth as the most important part in Bill Gate’s success. 10. A. Mark made some trouble with Bobby. B. Bobby was a trouble-maker at school. C. Mr. Allen was Bobby ’s class teacher. D. Mark was Bobby’s elder brother. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Acceptable. C. Tolerable. 12. A. One semester. C. Three months. B. Unsatisfactory. D. Adequate. B. 20 days. D. Nine weeks.
13. A. Enlarging the space and extending the evening hours. B. Increasing the teaching staff and lengthening the operation hours. C. Cutting on waiting time and increasing work efficiency. D. Enlarging children’s play area and offering parents flexible pick-up time. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. To invite authors to guide readers. B. To involve people in community service. C. To encourage people to read and share. D. To promote the friendship between cities. 15. A. Because they came from many different backgrounds. B. Because they were too busy to read a book. C. Because they had little interest in reading. D. Because they lacked support from the local government. 16. A. The careful selection of a proper book. B. The number of people who benefit from the process. C. The growing popularity of the writers. D. The number of books that each person reads. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form.
Write ONE WORD for each answer.
What is Harrods famous for? When was Harrods founded? How does Monica think of its service? How is the business during the January sales?
Its (17)________ Hall and Food Hall. In (18)________. Excellent and (19)________. There is an increase in (20)______ and sales.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form. Write no more than THREE WORDS for each answer.
What do the individuals bring to the companies? Why do people behave so differently at work? What is the positive effect of individuals’ working together? What is the disadvantage of individuals’ differences?
Different ideas, (21)________ and learning experiences. Due to the two factors: (22)________. Helping (23)________.
They are the (24)________ between staff.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Barditch High School decided to have an All-School Reunion. Over 450 people came to the event. There were tours of the old school building and a picnic at Confederate Park. Several former teachers were on hands to tell stories about the old days. Ms. Mabel Yates, the English teacher for fifty years, (25)________ (wheel) to the Park. Some eyes rolled and there were a few low groans (嘟囔声) when Ms.Yates was about to speak. Many started looking at their watches and coming up with excuses to be anywhere instead of preparing to listen to a lecture from an old woman (26)________ had few kind words for her students and made them work harder than all the other teachers combined. Then Ms. Yates started to speak: “I can’t tell you (27)________ pleased I am to be here. I haven’t seen many of you since your graduation, but I have followed your careers and enjoyed your victories as well as crying for your tragedies. I have a large collection of newspaper photographs of my students. (28)________ I haven’t appeared in person, I have attended your college graduations, weddings and even the birth of your children, in my imagination.” Ms. Yates paused and started crying a bit. Then she continued: “It was my belief that if I pushed you as hard as I could, some of you would succeed to please me and (29)________ would succeed to annoy me. Regardless of our motives, I can see that you have all been successful in your (30)________ (choose) path.”
“ There is no (31)________ (great) comfort for an educator than to see the end result of his or her years of work. You have all been a great source of pleasure and pride for me and I want you to know I love you all from the bottom of my heart.” There was a silence over the crowd for a few seconds and then someone started clapping. The clapping turned into cheering, then into a deafening roar. Lawyers, truck drivers, bankers and models were rubbing their eyes or crying openly with no shame (32)________ ________ the words from a long forgotten English teacher from their hometown. (B) Speeding off in a stolen car, the thief thinks he has got a great catch. But he is going to experience (33)________ unwelcome surprise. The car is fitted with a remote immobilizer (锁止 器)，and a radio signal from a control centre miles away will ensure that (34)________ the thief switches the engine off, he will not be able to start it again. The idea goes like this. A control box fitted to the car contains a mini-cellphone, a microprocessor and memory, and a GPS (全球定位系统) satellite positioning receiver. If the car is stolen, a coded cellphone signal will tell the control centre to block the vehicle’s engine management system and prevent the engine (35)________ (start). In the UK, a set of technical fixes is already making life harder for car thieves. “The pattern of vehicle crime has changed,” says Martyn Randall, a security expert. He says it would only take him a few minutes to teach a person how to steal a car, using a bare minimum of tools. But only if the car is more than 10 years old. Modern cars are far tougher to steal, (36)________ their engine management computer won’t allow them to start unless they receive a unique ID code beamed (发射) out by the ignition (点火) key. In the UK, technologies like this (37)________ (help) achieve a 31% drop in vehicle-related crime since 1997. But determined criminals are still managing to find other ways to steal cars, often by getting hold of the owner ’s keys. And key theft is responsible for 40% of thefts of vehicles fitted with a (38)________ (track) system. If the car travels 100 metres without the driver confirming their ID, the system will send a signal to an operation centre (39)_______ it has been stolen. The hundred metres minimum avoids false alarms due to inaccuracies in the GPS signal. Staff at the centre will then contact the owner (40)________ (confirm) that the car really is missing, and keep the police informed of the vehicle’s movements via the car’s GPS unit.
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. A. suffered F. model K. balance It is usually a common practice that journal websites offer readers their free online editions of articles and other information. However, America’s most popular newspaper website announced that the era of free online journalism is drawing to a practice that Internet users will not pay for news. Struggling with a decline of advertising and a downward tendency in street corner sales, The New York Times intends to introduce a “metered” 43 at the beginning of 2011. Readers will 44 side of an increasingly wide be required to pay when they have exceeded (超过) a set number of its online articles per month. The decision puts the 159-year-old newspaper on the charge Internet readers. The New York Time’s publisher, Arthur Sulzberger, 46 45 that the idea was a gamble. a print circulation of 995,000 on weekdays and 1.4 million on Sundays, The New York Times 47 chasm (鸿沟) in the media industry. But others, including the Guardian, have said they will not 41 . The New York Times has become the 42 the accepted biggest publisher yet to set out plans for a pay wall around its digital offering, Note that there is one word more than you need. B. abandoning G. acknowledged C. conclusion H. boasting D. claim I. close E. charging J. elsewhere
is the third bestselling American newspaper, behind the Wall Street Journal and USA Today. While most US papers focus on a single city, The New York Times is among the few that can US and maintains 26 bureaus 48 in the world. 49 a loss of $70 million in national scope—as well as 16 bureaus (办事处) in the New York area, it has 11 offices around the But like many in the publishing industry, the paper is in the grip of a serious financial crisis. Its parent company, the New York Times Company, has 15 papers, but Carlos Slim, to strengthen its 50 sheet. the nine months to September and recently accepted a $250 million loan from a Mexican billionaire,
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group. In the family, traditional cultural patterns award 51 on one or both of the parents. In other 52 , such as friendship groups, one or more persons may gradually emerge as leaders, although there is no formal process of 53 . In larger groups, leaders are usually chosen formally through election or recruitment.
Although leaders are often thought to be people with unusual personal ability, decades of research have failed to produce consistent 54 that there is any category of “natural leaders”. It seems that there is no set of personal qualities that all leaders have 55 ; rather, virtually any person may be recognized as a leader if the person has 56 that meet the needs of that particular group. Furthermore, although it is commonly supposed that social groups have a single leader, research suggests that there are typically two different leadership 57 that are held by different individuals. Instrumental leadership is leadership that emphasizes the 58 of tasks by a social group. Group members look to instrumental leaders to “get things done”. Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the 59 wellbeing of a social group’s members. Expressive leaders are less concerned with the overall goals of the group than with providing 60 support to group members and attempting to minimize tension and conflict among them. Instrumental leaders are likely to have a rather secondary relationship to other group members. They give orders and may 61 group members who prevent accomplishment of the group’s goals. Expressive leaders cultivate a more 62 or primary relationship to others in the group. They offer 63 when someone experiences difficulties. And they try to 64 issues that threaten to divide the group. As the difference in these two roles suggest, expressive leaders generally receive more personal 65 from group members; instrumental leaders, if they are successful in promoting group goals, may enjoy a more distant respect. 51. A. burden B. leadership C. housework D. right 52. A. families B. societies C. cases D. researches 53. A. selection B. struggle C. recommendation D. register 54. A. evidence B. support C. approach D. pattern 55. A. in advance B. in brief C. in general D. in common 56. A. partners B. achievements C. skills D. qualities 57. A. selections B. roles C. challenges D. structures 58. A. assignment B. introduction C. completion D. division 59. A. joint B. financial C. social D. individual 60. A. political B. administrative C. emotional D. technical 61. A. discipline B. praise C. ignore D. identify 62. A. casual B. temporary C. personal D. stable 63. A. criticism B. sympathy C. estimate D. information 64. A. omit B. confuse C. raise D. resolve 65. A. imitation B. affection C. objection D. revenge
Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A)
WE NEED l．Your NAME, YEAR OF BIRTH, HOME ADDRESS／CITY／STATE／PHONE NUMBER, SCHOOL NAME (and English teacher) and EMAIL ADDRESS so we can email you if you’re published. For photos，place the information on the back of each envelope：PLEASE DON’T FOLD. 2．This statement MUST BE WRITTEN on each work; “I promise the above work is completely original,” and sign your name. SEND IT ALL SUMMER! By mail－Teen Ink Box 30 Newton，MA 02461 On the web－TeenInk.com/Submissions By email－Submissions@TeenInk.com THE FINE PRINT ● Type print carefully in ink. Keep a copy. ● Writing may be edited; we reserve the right to publish it without your permission． ● If due to the personal nature of a piece you don’t want your name published, we will respect your request，but you MUST include your name and address for our records． ● Include a self-addressed envelope，and we’ll send a coupon (优惠券) for any Pepsi product and an announcement to let you know we got your work． ● If published, you will receive a copy of Teen Ink and a wooden pen． ● All Works submitted will not be returned and all copyrights belong to Teen Ink．We keep the rights to publish all such works in any forms．All material in Teen Ink is copyrighted to protect US and prevent others from republishing your work．
66. We can conclude from the passage that Teen Ink is a(n) ． A. magazine B. news agency C. research center D. advertising company 67. What can we learn from the passage? A. Teen Ink must ask for your permission before having your work published.
B. The copyrights of your writing will be shared by Teen Ink and Pepsi. C. When you put your writing into the envelope, you shouldn’t fold it. D. The Pepsi Company may be a sponsor of Teen Ink for this campaign. 68. What is the most suitable title for this piece of advertisement? A. Join Teen Ink C. Send Us Your Work B. Buy Teen Ink；Enjoy Pepsi D. Keep In Touch With Teen Ink (B) The principal difference between urban growth in Europe and in the North American colonies was the slow evolution of cities in the former and their rapid growth in the latter. In Europe they grew over a period of centuries from town economies to their present urban structure. In North America, they started as wilderness communities and developed to mature urbanism in little more than a century. In the early colonial days in North America, small cities sprang up along the Atlantic Coastline, mostly in what are now New England and Middle Atlantic states in the United States and in the lower Saint Lawrence valley in Canada. This was natural because these areas were nearest to England and France, particularly England, from which most capital goods (资产)(such as equipment) and many consumer goods were imported. Merchandising establishments were, accordingly, advantageously located in port cities from which goods could be readily distributed to interior settlements. Here, too, were the favored locations for processing raw materials before export. Boston, Philadelphia, New York, Montreal, and other cities flourished, and, as the colonies grew, these cities increased in importance. This was less true in the colonial South, where life centered around large farms, known as plantations (种植园), rather than around towns, as was the case in the areas further north along the Atlantic coastline. The local isolation and the economic self-sufficiency of the plantations were antagonistic to the development of the towns. The plantations maintained their independence because they were located on navigable (可通航的 ) streams and each had a wharf (码头) accessible to the small shipping of that day. In fact, one of the strongest factors in the selection of plantation land was the desire to have its front on a water highway. When the United States became an independent nation in 1776, it did not have a single city as large as 50,000 inhabitants, but by 1820 it had a city of more than 10,000 people, and by 1880 it had recorded a city of over one million. It was not until after 1823, after the mechanization of the spinning had weaving industries, that cities started drawing young people away from farms. Such migration was particularly rapid following the Civil War (1861-1865). 69. The word “they” in the 1st paragraph refers to ________. A. North American colonies C. centuries B. cities D. town economies
70. During colonial times, the Atlantic coastline cities prepared ________ for shipment to Europe.
A. manufacturing equipment C. consumer goods
B. capital goods D. raw materials
71. The growth of southern cities was influenced by the following aspects of the plantation system EXCEPT ________. A. the relationships between plantation residents and city residents B. the access of plantation owners to shipping C. the location of the plantations D. the economic self-sufficiency of the plantations 72. In the 3rd paragraph, the phrase “antagonistic to” is closest in meaning to ________. A. opposed to C. based on 73. What is the passage mainly about? A. Factors that slowed the growth of cities in Europe. B. Trade between North American and European cities. C. The evolution of cities in North America. D. The effects of the United Sates’ independence on urban growth in New England. (C) During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, almost nothing was written about the contributions of women during the colonial period and the early history of the newly formed United States. Lacking the right to vote and absent from the seats of power, women were not considered an important force in history. Anne Bradstreet wrote some significant poetry in the seventeenth century, Mercy Otis Warren produced the best contemporary history of the American Revolution, and Abigail Adams penned important letters showing she exercised great political influence over her husband, John, the second President of the United States. But little or no notice was taken of these contributions. During these centuries, women remained invisible in history books. Throughout the nineteenth century, this lack of visibility continued, despite the efforts of female authors writing about women. These writers, like most of their male counterparts, were amateur historians. Their writings were celebratory in nature, and they were uncritical in their selection and use of sources. During the nineteenth century, however, certain feminists (女权主义者) showed a keen sense of history by keeping records of activities in which women were engaged. National, regional, and local women’s organizations assembled accounts of their doings. Personal correspondence ( 通信 ), newspaper clippings, and souvenirs were saved and stored. These sources from the core of the two greatest collections of women’s history in the United States, one at the Elizabeth and Arthur Schlesinger Library at RadclifféCollege, and the other the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College. Such sources have provided valuable materials for later generations of historians. Despite the gathering of more information about ordinary women during the nineteenth century, most of the writing about women conformed to the “great women” theory of history, just as much of mainstream American history concentrated on “great men”. To demonstrate that women were making significant contributions to American life, female authors singled out women leaders and B. in favor of D. tied to
wrote biographies, or else important women produced their autobiographies. Most of these leaders were involved in public life as reformers, activists working for women’s right to vote, or authors, and were not representative at all of the great of ordinary woman. The lives of ordinary people continued, generally, to be untold in the American histories being published. 74. What is the passage mainly about? A. The role of literature in early American histories. B. The place of American women in written histories. C. The keen sense of history shown by American women. D. The “great women” approach to history used by American historians. 75. In the 1st paragraph, Bradstreet, Warren, and Adams are mentioned to show that ________. A. a woman’s status was changed by marriage B. even the contributions of outstanding women were ignored C. only three women were able to get their writing published D. poetry produced by women was more readily accepted than other writing by women 76. In the 2nd paragraph, what weakness in 19th-century histories does the author point out? A. They put too much emphasis on daily activities. B. They left out discussion of the influence of money on politics. C. They were printed on poor-quality paper. D. The sources of the information they were based on were not necessarily accurate. 77. What use was made of the 19th-century women’s history materials in the Schlesinger Library and the Sophia Smith Collection? A. They were combined and published in a multivolume encyclopedia. B. They formed the basis of college courses in the nineteenth century. C. They provided valuable information for twentieth-century historical researchers. D. They were shared among women’s colleges throughout the United States. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. The practice of students endlessly copying letters and sentences from a blackboard is a thing of the past. With the coming of new technologies like computers and smartphone, writing by hand has become something of nostalgic (怀旧的) skill. However, while today ’s educators are using more and more technology in their teaching, many believe basic handwriting skills are still necessary for students to be successful---both in school and in life. Virginia Berninger, professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington, says it’s important to continue teaching handwriting and help children acquire the skill of writing by hand. Berninger and her colleagues conducted a study that looked at the ability of students to complete various writing tasks---both on a computer and by hand. The study, published in 2009, found that when writing with a pen and paper, participants wrote longer essays and more complete sentences and had a faster word production rate.
In a more recent study, Berninger looked at what role spelling plays in a student’s writing skills and found that how well children spell is tied to how well they can write. “Spelling makes some of the thinking parts of the brain active, which helps us access our vocabulary, word meaning and concepts. It is allowing our written language to connect with ideas.” Berninger said. Spelling helps students translate ideas into words in their mind first and then to transcribe (转 换) “those words in the mind into written symbols on paper or keyboard and screen,” the study said. Seeing the words in the “mind’s eye” helps children not only to turn their ideas into words, says Berninger, but also to spot spelling mistakes when they write the words down and to correct then over time. “In our computer age, some people believe that we don’t have to teach spelling because we have spell checks,” she said. “But until a child has a functional spelling ability of about a fifth grade level, they won’t have the knowledge to choose the correct spelling among the options given by the computer.” (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS) 78. _____________________________ makes writing by hand a thing of the past in school. 79. Published in 2009, Berninger ’s study focused on the difference between _____________ ______________________________________. 80. What abilities are closely related to each other, according to Berninger ’s recent study? 81. When will the spell checks of the computer be of help to children?
第 II 卷 (共 47 分) I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 82. 在我们学校，教师和学生都可以免费上网。(access) 83. 你方便的话，放学后请帮我把上周借的书还到图书馆去。(convenient) 84. 道路拓宽后，这里的交通有望得到极大的改善。(expect) 85. 为了免受交通拥挤之苦, 越来越多的市民搬到了市郊，享受渴望已久的宁静生活。(free) 86. 中外游客们不仅领略了古城的美景，也对当地的传统文化和悠久历史有了一个大致的了 解。(Not only)
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 你的表弟 Frank 即将踏入高中学习，请你写一封信给他，在信中简要描述你自己的高中学 习生活，并以此给他的高中学习生活提些建议。 （建议可以包括：规划好日常生活、找到适合自己的学习方法、多参加课外活动等）
现在是闵行区2015学年第二学期高三年级质量调研考试英语听力测试时间，先试音。试 音的内容是一段音乐，时间约半分钟，请注意调节好音量。现在开始试音。 （30秒音乐） 试音结束，听力测试现在开始。 Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. W: Excuse me. I’d like to place an advertisement for a used car in your paper. M: Ok, but you have to run your advertisement all week.
Q: Where is the conversation most probably taking place? 2. M: What did you buy yesterday? W: A T-shirt. It was a real bargain. I got it half price, saving 15 dollars. Q: What’s the regular price of the T-shirt? M: Are you willing to donate blood for the sick man? W: I’m only too willing to do that. Q: What does the woman mean? W: Excuse me, I received this electric toothbrush as a gift and I’d like to return it as I already have one. M: Sorry, you can only exchange it for something else of equal value. Q: What is probably the man? M: That movie was excellent. It was so touching. W: I certainly can’t disagree with you! Q: What does the woman think of the movie? M: Did you see Monica in the business office? W: Yes, she was applying for a student loan. Q: What was Monica doing? W: After Watt invented the steam engine, in what industry was it first used? Printing, textiles or the shipping industry? M: In my opinion, it was first used in textiles according to our history textbook. Q: What are the speakers talking about? M: Since I came here I’ve been up most nights. No matter what time I go to bed, I always wake up in the middle of the night. W: Your biological clock probably hasn’t adjusted to the time here. Q: What ’s the man’s trouble? M: Bill Gates has been among the richest people in the world for decades! I’d like to be as successful as him. W: Well, as to me, his willingness to help others rather than his wealth makes the difference. Q: What does the woman imply?
10. W: Mark was called up again to Mr. Allen’s room. Apparently, he went against his class teacher again. M: They say he takes after his elder brother, Bobby. He used to get into a lot of trouble in school. Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. My two sons have been enrolled at the campus childcare for a semester now. However, I have to say our experience has been less than satisfactory. For one thing, there really isn’t enough space there. There’s room for only 20 children at a time, which means a lot of people can’t get their children in. My children were on the waiting list for three months before getting in. This is a real problem because it prevents a lot of parents from going to college. The college really needs to find a bigger space so there will be more room for children, don’t you think so? Another thing is, they need to extend the evening hours past nine o’clock because some of the classes don’t end until 9:30. So if you have a class that lasts till 9:30, you have to leave early to pick up your children. This isn’t fair to the parents who need those night classes because they miss important information in class. (Listen again, please.) Questions: 11. What is the woman’s general comment on the on-campus childcare? 12. How long did it take the woman to get her children in the on-campus children? 13. What two aspects need to be improved about the campus childcare? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. An idea has spread throughout America and beyond. The simple concept is: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same time. In addition to encouraging reading as an aim to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched the “If All of Seattle Read the Same Book” project. Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong. The only problem came up in New York, where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and different population. This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity can be achieved. Or it may show that New Yorkers missed the point, putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself. Most importantly, as Nancy points out, the level of success is not measured by how many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process, or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word. (Listen again, please.)
Questions: 14. What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy? 15. Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project? 16. According to Nancy, what measures the level of success of the project? Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: Hi, Monica. How was your trip to London? Have you ever been to Harrods? W: Of course, Peter. It’s amazing. Harrods is the biggest department store in UK, and several of its departments, including the Egyptian Hall and the Food Hall, are very famous in the world. M: Harrods is said to have a long history, isn’t it? W: Actually, it was the first department store in the world, and it was established in 1834. M: That’s amazing. And how is its service? W: Excellent and complete! A representative sample of shop services includes 32 restaurants, serving everything from all over the world, a watch repair service, food delivery and so on. M: Wonderful! Tell me, how many customers does it have on an average day? W: About 30,000 people come on a day. But during the January sales, the number increases to 300,000 customers a day. M: Wow, it must be crowded then. How much do they spend? W: Well, on average, the customers spend 1.5 million pounds a day. During the January sales, the record for one day is 9 million pounds. M: Wow, it’s worthy of the name. (Listen again, please.)
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: Mary, you’ve been looking at different styles of managing individuals in companies and the workplace. How is the research going? W: When we think about an organization, it means that a group of people are working together. It’s what these individuals contribute to the company that makes you realize how important they are. Of course they bring different ideas, attitudes and experiences of learning. M: So why do people behave so differently at work? W: There are lots of reasons, but research has shown a lot of it comes down to personality and the other factor is gender. M: Do you look at the effects of individuals on companies? W: Yes, I do. On the positive side, these individuals’ working together helps encourage creativity. But unfortunately, individual differences are also the root of conflict between staff and they can lead to difficulties for management.
M: Thanks, Mary. I guess the two main things to remember here are to identify individual talent and then to use it. (Listen again, please.) 听力测试结束，请考生们继续答题。
闵行区 2015 学年第二学期高三年级质量调研考试英语试卷参 考答案
第I卷 一、参考答案 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. C 6. D 7. B 8. D 9. A 10 . 11 . B 12 . C 13 . A 14 . C 15 . A 16 . 20. customers 23. encourage creativity 24. root of B B
17. Egyptian 21. attitudes conflict 25. was wheeled 29. others to 33. an since 37. have helped 41 I 42 . 51 . 61 . 71 . A A B 52 . 62 . 72 . A C C B
18. 1834 19. complete 22. personality and gender 26. who 30.chosen 34. once / if / when 38. tracking 43 . 53 . 63 . 73 . C B A F 44 . 54 . 64 . 74 . B D A E 45 . 55 . 65 . 75 . B B D
27. how 31.greater
28. Although / though 32. because of/ owing to/ due 36. as / because /
35. being started /starting 39. that G 46 . 56 . 66 . 76 . D A 67 . 77 . C D D 57. B H
40. to confirm 47. D 48 . 58 . 68 . C C J 49 . 59 . 69 . B A A 50 . 60 . 70 . D C K
78. The use of new technologies (in teaching) / The coming of new technologies 79. (students’) writing by hand and on a computer 80. Spelling ability and writing ability.
81. When a child has a functional spelling ability / when they can choose the correct spelling among the options 二、评分标准 1、第 1~10 题；17~65 题每题 1 分。第 11~16 题：66~81 题每题 2 分。 2、语法题的答案可忽略大小写。 3、第 78~81 题答案仅供阅卷参考。考生如有其它符合题意的表达法，且无语法错误可得分。 第 II 卷 一、参考答案 （一）中译英 82. In our school, the teachers and students have free access to the Internet. 1 1 1.5 0.5 83. If it is convenient to you, please return the books which were borrowed last week to the library 1 0.5 1.5 0.5 after school. 0.5 84. The traffic is expected to be improved greatly after the road is (has been) widened. 0.5 1 1 0.5 1 85. To be free of (from) heavy traffic, more and more citizens move to the suburbs, 1 0.5 1 enjoying a peaceful life (which/that) they have been eager for a long time. 1 1.5 86. Not only did the visitors from home and abroad appreciate the beauty of the ancient city, 0.5 0.5 1 1 but also have a rough idea of the local traditional culture and the long history. (0.5) 1 1 （二）写作 略 二、评分标准 （一）中译英 1、第 82~84 题每题 4 分；第 85~86 每题 5 分。 2、每题中，单词拼写、标点符号、大小写错误累计每两处扣 1 分。 3、严重的语法错误每处扣 1 分。 4、未使用提示词扣一分。 5、所给答案仅供参考，考生如有其它符合题意的表达法，且无语法错误可得分。 （二）写作 1、本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。
2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次 的要求来衡量， 确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文 的连贯性及语言的得体性。 4、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写汉词汇用法均可接受。 5、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 6、内容要点可用不同方式表达，对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。
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