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简单句并列句复合句


简单句
? 定义:只含一个主语或并列和一个谓语或 并列谓语的句子。 ? My sister and I are bother teachers. ? He is interested in math and physics. ? Not only she but also her sister can sing and dance.

? 简单句可

分为四种:陈述句、疑问句、祈 使句和感叹句。其中陈述句分为肯定句和 否定句;疑问句分为四种:一般疑问句、 特殊疑问句、选择疑问句和反意疑问句。

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

He runs fast. He doesn?t run fast. Does he run fast? How fast does he run? Who runs faster, he or she? He runs fast, doesn?t he? How fast he runs! Run faster!

基本句型一: S Vi (主+谓) ? 基本句型二: S V P (主+谓+表) ? 基本句型三: S Vt O (主+谓+宾) ? 基本句型四: S Vt o O (主+谓 +间宾+直宾)
?
? 基本句型五: +宾补) S Vt O C (主+谓+宾

基本句型 一
? S │ Vi (不及物动词)

1. The sun │was shining brightly. 2. To go there │takes a lot of time. 3. Who │cares? 4. What he said │does not matter. 5. They │talked for half an hour. 6. Ten thousand │were killed in the disaster.

2. It takes a lot of time to go there.

? 基本句型 二 ? S │V(系动词)│ P (表语) ? 1. This │is │an English dictionary. 2. The dinner │smells │good. 3. Everything │looks │ different. 4. He │kept │busy. 5. He │is growing │tall and strong. 6. Our well │has gone │dry. 8. His face │turned │red. 9.The trouble │is │that they have no money.

基本句型 三
S │Vt(及物动词) │ O
1. Who 2. I 3. He 4. He 5. They 6. He 7.He │knows │the answer? │ saw │ a flying bird. │has refused │to help them. │enjoys │reading. │ate │what was left over. │ arrived at │ the airport . │admits │that he was mistaken.

基本句型 四
S │Vt │ o(多指人)│ O(多指物)

1. She │ordered │herself │a new dress. 2. She │cooked │her husband │a delicious meal3. He │bought │you │a dictionary. 4. He │ gave │ me │ some ink. 5.I │showed │him │my pictures. 6. I │gave │my car │a wash. 7. I │told │ him │that the bus was late. 8. He │showed │me │how to run the machine. 3. He bought a dictionary for you.
4. He gave some ink to me.

基本句型 五 S │Vt

│ O

│ O.C(宾补)

1. They │appointed │him │manager. 2. They │painted │the door │green. 3. What │makes │him │think so? 4. We │saw │him │out. 5. He │asked │me │to come soon. 6. I │saw │them │getting on the bus.

? We found the hall full.我们发现礼堂坐满了。 ? We found the great hall full of students and teach ers. ? We found the great hall full of students and teachers listening to an important report. ? We found the great hall full of students and teach -ers listening to an important report made by a comrade from the People's Daily on current affairs in East Europe.

我们发现大礼堂坐满了学生和教师,在听人民 日报的一位同志作有关东欧局势的重要报告。

一、指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分:

1. I shall answer your question after class. 2. What a beautiful Chinese painting! 3. His job is to train swimmers. 4. He took many photos of the palaces in Beijing. 5. There is going to be an American film tonight. 6. His wish is to become a scientist. 7. He managed to finish the work in time. 8. Tom came to ask me for advice.

? 9. He found it important to master English. ? 10. Do you have anything else to say ? 11. Would you please tell me your address? ? 12. He sat there, reading a newspaper. ? 13. It is our duty to keep our classroom clean and tidy. ? 14. He noticed a man enter the room. ? 15. The apples tasted sweet.

Homework:

Translation

1.抽烟对身体有害。 2. 夏天在河里游泳是一大乐事. 3.他的工作是教书. 4.这本书我们可以借两周. 5. 他决定不参加晚会. 6.在我的生日那天,他送我一件很漂亮的礼物. 7. 他 父亲给他取名叫东东. 8. 当他醒来,他发现自己在医院里. 9. 他喜欢看孩子们踢足球.

Translation

? ? ? ?

? ?

1.抽烟对身体有害。 Smoking does harm to the health. 2. 夏天在河里游泳是一大乐事. To swim in the river in summer is a great pleasure/great fun.= It is a great pleasure to swim in the river. 3. 他的工作是教书. His job is to teach/teaching English.

? ? ? ?

4. 这本书我们可以借两周. We may keep the book for two weeks. 5. 他决定不参加晚会. He decided not to take part in/join in the party. ? 6. 在我的生日那天,他送我一件很漂亮的礼物. ? On my birthday, he sent me a present.=He sent a present to me .

? ? ? ? ?
? ?

7. 他 父亲给他取名叫东东. His father named him Dongdong. = He was named Dongdong. 8. 当他醒来,他发现自己在医院里. When he woke up, he found himself in the hospital. 9. 他喜欢看孩子们踢足球. He likes to watch the boys playing football.

并列句
? 含有两个或更多的相互并列的主谓结构的句 子,结构是:分句+并列连词+分句
1. 表同等概念 and/ but /not only…but also/neither…nor… He studies well and his sister is fond of sports. He studies well but he is not good at sports. Study hard and you?ll make progress.

? 2. 表选择 or/either…or ? Hurry up, or you will miss the bus./ Either you are wrong, or I am. ? 3. 表转折 but /while(但)/however… ? One can?t see air, however, it does exist. ? 4. 表因果 so/for ? I have to stay at home, for it is raining heavily outside.

复合句 (名词性从句,定语从句和状语从句)
? 由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成, 主句为主体,从句不能独立,只作句子的 一个成分。

名词从句
? 1. I don?t believe what he said. 宾语从句 ? 2. What he said isn?t true. 主语从句 ? 3. I don?t believe what he said, because what he said isn?t true. ? 4.The trouble is that they have no money.
表语从句

? 5. What he said is different from what he did.

定语从句
? A famous scientist from Beijing gave us a talk yesterday. ? A famous scientist who came from Beijing gave us a talk as soon as we came to school yesterday. ? The boy who broke the window is called Tom. ? The meal that / which my mother cooked was delicious.

状语从句
? 1. 时间状从由when/while/as/since/as soon as/until…引导 ? You can?t leave until you finish the work. ? He has been a teacher for 3 years since he graduated from the college.

? 2. 地点状从由where/wherever…引导 ? Just stay where you are. ? Wherever you go, you can see something new. ? 3.原因状从由because/as/since(由于) ? Since/As we live near the sea, we can often go swimming.

? 4.条件状从由if/ unless… ? You can?t learn English well unless you work hard ? 5.方式状从as/as if ? Do just as you like. ? He looks as if he were angry.

? 6.让步状从由(al)though/even if..引导 ? Though it was very cold, she went out as usual. ? I won?t mind even if he doesn?t come.

? 7.目的状从由so that/ in order that引导, 从句中的谓语动词常用 may/might/can/could/should…引导 ? Come around to the door so that I can see you. ? He got up early in order that he might catch the train.

? 8.结果状从由so(…)that , such…that 引导 ? I didn?t go early, so that I didn?t get a good seat. ? He has got such a lovely present that everyone admired him.

9.比较状从由as…as/more…than 引导
? He is as strong as I am. ? He spent more time playing computer games than he did studying.

判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句:
? 1. We often study Chinese history on Friday afternoon. ? 2. The boy who offered me his seat is called Tom. ? 3. There is a chair in this room, isn?t there? ? 4. My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back home at seven in the evening. ? 5. He is in Class One and I am in Class Two. ? 6. He was fond of drawing when he was yet a child. ? 7. Neither has he changed his mind, nor will he do so. ? 8. What he said at the meeting is very important, isn?t it? ? 9. The farmer is showing the boy how to plant a tree. ? 10. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music.

按要求完成下列句子 ? 1. He dares to tell the truth.(改为否定句) ? He doesn?t dare to tell the truth. ? 2. They have lived here for more than ten years.(对画线部分提问) ? How long have they lived here? ? 3. There will be a sports meet at the end of this month, ____________?(完成反 意疑问) ? …. won?t there ?

? 4. You must be careful with your pronunciation.(改为祈使句) ? Be careful with your pronunciation. ? 5. They went for a walk after supper yesterday evening.(改为一般疑问句) ? Did they go for a walk after supper yesterday evening?

? 6. It is an interesting story.(改为感叹句) ? What an interesting story (it is)! 或How interesting the story is! ? 7. This magazine comes out(出版)every other week.(对画线部分提问) ? How often does this magazine come out? ? 8. They could hardly believe his words, ____________?(完成反意疑问) ? could they ? ? 9. The moon is shining brightly.(改为感叹句) ? How brightly the moon is shining!

Homework:

Translation

? 1.那个戴眼镜的学生化学学得很好. ? 2.八月是秋收的季节,所以我得从早干到晚. ? 3. 当老师走进教室时,学生们正大声地说笑 着. ? 4. 在做决定之前你应该考虑一下. ? 5.虽然他很累,但他继续工作. ? 6. 我不知你能否帮我一个忙.

Homework:

Translation

? 1. The student who wears glasses is good at chemistry. ? 2. August is the time for harvest, so I have to work from dawn until dark (from morning till night). ? 3.When the teacher came into the classroom, the students were talking and laughing loudly. ? 4. You should think it over before you make a decision. ? 5. Though he is tired, he went on working. ? 6. I wonder whether you can help me/give me a hand/do me a favor.

Good Work!
? Class 1: 张昱、 毛俊杰、李夕雯 ? Class 2:程坤、陈格、林娜

? I believe “Interest is the best teacher”. ? When others ask me how to do well in English, I can only answer: “The best way to learn English is to use it”.
----By Zhang Yu, Class 1

?

Though I met a lot of trouble in English, I never thought of giving up, because I agree with someone who said a very famous saying: “As a 21st century person, everyone must understand how to communicate with others. And the best way to reach the purpose is to study their languages, cultures and customs”. So it is important for me to study English well. --By Cheng Kun, Class 2

? I?ll never forget the saying: “ Where there is a will, there is a way。”
---By Chen Ge, Class 2

? I will never forget the saying, “A successful life doesn?t require that we?ve done the best, but that we?ve done our best. ? ---By Lin Na, Class 2

Correct the mistakes in the writing ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. I speaking English not very well. 2. I living in school now. 3. I will reading English. 1-3 不该单独用V-ing 做谓语. 4.I?m study in a new school. 5. I like play basketball. 6. My hobby is read books. 7. Ride bikes is very interesting. 4-7 都该用V-ing构成进行式、主语或表语.

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

8. I don?t afraid of making mistakes. 9. I will behind the others. 10. I interested in maths. 8-10 误把形容词、介词、分词当动词用 11. It can make me relax. 12. I wish I can go to America. Pay attention to the requirements of the writing, such as: title, handwriting, punctuation, capital letters . ? Some students have to rewrite their homework.

词类及句子成分
? 主语: 主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。 ( 名词 、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、主语从句 ) ? 谓语:说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。一 般放在主语之后。 (动词) ? 宾语:宾语表示动作的对象或承爱者,一般位于及物 动词和介词后面。 (名词 、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、 宾语从句 ) ? 定语:修饰名词或代词的词、短语或从句称为定语。 (名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、动名词、 介词短语、副词及定语从句 )

? 表语:表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态, 它一般位于系动词之后。 ? (名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、 动名词、介词短语、副词及表语从句 ) ? 状语:修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,说 明动作或状态特征的句子成分。 ? (副词及副词性词组、介词短语、不定式短 语、分词短语 、状语从句) ? 宾补:英语中有些及物动词,除有一个直接宾语 以外,还要跟一个宾语补足语。 ? (名词、形容词、副词、不定式、分词、介词短 语 )

Homework
? 1. Preview Unit One; Get familiar with the new words. ? 2. Review the words in Junior books, and get ready for a quiz.


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