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(good)高考必备:高中英语写作教学指导课件


高考写作

? 1 评分标准 ? 2 内容框架

When I bought it home, I found 第四部分:书面表达(满 【分析】基本表 分25分) 假设你是 there were several problems about the 中国式英语 卜曼宜,你购买了一部 达清楚;时态运 quality of the mobi

le phone. 某外国公司生产的手机, 用恰当;采用了 因有质量问题,要求该 There is no ring in the new mobile 公司更换。请根据下列 单词误用 些简单连接手法; phone, besides, it can not be used to 要点,用英文写一封电 内容较连贯;准 子邮件。 send short messages. When I want 要点: 确性不够。 1. 问题: back to the local company, the 2. 手机不响铃,不能发短 manager told me this product has sold 信;该产品已售完,无 语态错误 out and that I wasn’t able to change it. 法更换;型号新,无配 件,无法维修。 What’s worse, this style mobile 3. 要求:公司应尽快予以 更换。 phone is a new product, there is no 注意: spare part and can’t to be repaired. 动词用 1. 词数为100左右; 2. 参考词汇:配件—— These problems worries me most. I 法错误 spare part hope your company would change it 3. 电子邮件的开头和结尾 for me as soon as possible. 已为你写好(不计入你 所写词数); 4. 已给出的电子邮件的开 头和结尾不得抄入答题 卡。

15

第四部分:书面表达(满分 25分) 【分析】全文共九 假设你是卜曼宜,你购 个句子 ,其中有 买了一部某外国公司生 产的手机,因有质量问 题,要求该公司更换。 两个时间状语从句 , 请根据下列要点,用英 文写一封电子邮件。 一个并列句 ; 要点: 一个倒装句; 1. 问题: 2. 手机不响铃,不能发短 一个表语从句。 信;该产品已售完,无 运用了 however, 法更换;型号新,无配 in 件,无法维修。 the first place, 2. 要求:公司应尽快予以更 in 换。 addition, 注意: worse still, 1. 词数为100左右; in brief 2. 参考词汇:配件—— spare part 五个过渡性词汇。 3. 电子邮件的开头和结尾已 运用了 为你写好(不计入你所 写词数); available, 4. 已给出的电子邮件的开头 alternative 和结尾不得抄入答题卡。

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两个较高级词语。

However However, some problems are Inthe the presented with this mobile phone. In first place, place, when there are phone calls, first the mobile phone just can’t ring. InIn addition, short messages can never be addition, sent. when I came back to the mall for exchange, I was disappointed to be told that this model had been sold out. Worse still, it is a new model, thus no spare part still is available available at the moment. Nowhere can I have this phone repaired. alternatives Maybe there are some alternatives to handle this case, but I hope it can be dealt with and solved as soon as possible. In brief, my personal viewpoint is that you replace this mobile phone. I’m looking forward to your reply.

1 评分标准
? ? ? ? keep to the point accuracy (spelling and grammar) bright points(words , phrases and sentence) natural

2 内容框架
? 1 真题一(环境保护 一次性筷子的使用) (how to make your content logical) ? 2 真题二(周末集体活动 介绍一个地方) (how to make bright points for your article) ? 3 真题三(讨论动物园是否应搬出市区) (how to make accuracy) ? 4 历年真题翻译练习

真题一
假如你叫李华,是一名高中学生。根据下面内容,写一封倡议书,呼吁人 们停止使用一次性筷子。 注意: 1.开头和结尾已给出。 2.字数100左右。 3.参考词汇:reject throwaway chopsticks

写作步骤
? 1 扩展 -----逻辑性 ----分段

? 2 翻译 -----亮点 -----词与句

? 3 检查 -----错误

假如你叫李华,是一名高中学生。根据下面内容,写一封倡议书,呼吁人 们停止使用一次性筷子。 注意: 1.开头和结尾已给出。 2.字数100左右。 3.参考词汇:reject throwaway chopsticks

目前,中国的森林正遭受着 严重的破坏。

目前状态
1扩展

导致结果
采取措施

砍伐森林会导致很多严重的环 境问题。

面对这样的情况,我们应该采 取一些措施来保护森林了。

2 翻译 第一部分
? Do you know why sandstorms and landslides are happening more frequently than ever in recent years? According to the recent statistics, ? 中国正面临着严重的森林破坏问题。中国的 森林覆盖率仅为13%,但是中国每年要生产 大约450亿双筷子,而这些筷子就需要我们 砍伐2500万棵树。有环保主义者警告,照这 样的速度,中国可能在20年内就要砍伐所有 的森林。

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

面临着 森林破坏问题 覆盖率 大约 450亿 2500万 警告 灭绝

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

be confronted with the problem of deforestation be covered with approximately 45 billion 25 million warn die out

? 中国正面临着严重的森 林破坏问题。 ? 中国的森林覆盖率仅为 13%,但是中国每年要 生产大约450亿双筷子 ? 而这些筷子就需要我们 砍伐2500万棵树。 ? 有环保主义者警告,照 这样的速度,中国可能 在20年内就要砍伐所有 的森林。

? China is confronted with the serious problem of deforestation. ? 13% of china is covered with forest, but china produces approximately 45 billion pairs of throwaway chopsticks. ? These chopsticks need us to cut down 25 million trees. ? Some environmentalists warn the public that the forest of China will die out after 20 years by this speed.

? China is confronted with the ? Confronted with the serious problem of 分词作状语 serious problem of forest deforestation. destruction. ? 13% of china is covered with ? 13% of china is covered with forest, however forest, but china produces 被动语态 approximately 45 billion pairs approximately 45 billion pairs of throwaway chopsticks are of throwaway chopsticks. produced by China ? These chopsticks need us to 定语从句 annually, cut down 25 million trees. ? which means that we need ? Some environmentalists warn to cut down 25 million trees. the public thatthe forest of ? Therefore, some China will die out after 20 连词 environmentalists warn the years by this speed. public that the forest of China will die out after 20 years by this speed.

第二部分
? 砍伐森林会导致很多环境问题,例如,水土 流失,废气排放增多,温室效应。人类将会 遭受一个由自己带来的灾难。

? ? ? ?

砍伐森林 水土流失 废气排放增多 遭受

? Excessive deforestation ? soil erosion ? the increase emission of carbon dioxide ? suffer from

? 砍伐森林会导致很多环 境问题, ? 例如,水土流失,废气 排放增多,温室效应.

? 人类将会遭受一个由自 己带来的灾难。

? Excessive deforestation will lead to a series of environmental changes, ? for instance, soil erosion,the increase emission of carbon dioxide ,especially the green house effect. ? It's sure that the humen will suffer from a disater which is caused by ourselves.

第三部分
? 所以,我们是该采取一些措施来保护我们的 森林资源了。 ? it's time that sb did sth.

万能措施一
? The long term goal of environmental protection is to prevent the creation of pollutants and wastes and to produce durable, recyclable goods.

万能措施二
? In view of sustainable development, the exploitation of mineral resources should be under strict government.

万能理由三
? Mankind should join hand in hand to create an inhabitable world for themselves and their offspring.

? Do you know why sandstorms and landslides are happening more frequently than ever in recent years? According to the recent statistics, they're due to the disappearing of forests. Dear friends, do you know they were eatlen by you when use the chopsticks? Every year it products 45 billion chopsticks from China. The forests only cover 13 percents in China. These need 25 million of trees. Someone who cares the environment has alarmed that China may use out all of its forests according to this speed! It means that the environment of China will break down entirely. So please throw away chopsticks now!

3 检查 纠错

using the throwaway chopsticks may kill our forests. China whose forests only covers 13% of its land, produces 45000000000 throwaway chopsticks every year. This needs 2500 million trees to be cut down. What's worse, some environmentalists even warned that if we continue using these chopsticks at this speed, it will be possible for China to use up all its forest resources in only 20 years.( At that time, we human beings could not live on the plannet any longer and there way be no living thing on the earth, either. What a frightening thing it is! )So we should not use the chopsticks any more in order to make a better environment for our younger generation and for ourselves. Dear friends, let's take action from now on!

必备词汇
? disaster, flood, hurricane, lighting, thunderstorm, tornado, volcano, ? wave, ash, furniture,feather,fur, ? latitude,equator,longitude ? bury, occur, strike, ruin,erupt, eruption. ? current, tropical, violent, previous,

常用表达
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 污染大气 无节制地开发资源 乱扔垃圾 砍伐森林 冰川融化 土地沙漠化 渡过灾难 回收再利用垃圾 减少废气排放 最大化地利用资源 pollute the atmosphere exploit natural resources excessively litter around deforest the poles melt desertification survive the disaster recycle the garbage reduce the exhaust emission maximize the use of resources

真题二(仿写)
? 假定你是一名导游,你将接待一个外国旅游团。 请你拟定一份100词左右的导游词向客介绍青岛。

要点如下:

1.青岛位于山东半岛的南端,面积10654平方公 里,总人口699万; 2.青岛三面环海,大海是青岛的魅力所在; 3. 古代名人如李白,蒲松龄,康有为等的足迹遍 布青岛各地,留下了华美的诗文。 4. 青岛是一座现代化城市,现代化的工厂和楼房 林立。 参考词汇;半岛 peninsula

? Paris is the capital and largest city of France, situated on the River Seine. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and is visitied by more than eight million tourists every year. ? cover an area of ? with a population of

? Qingdao is a beautiful city of China, situated in the south of Shandong peninsula , covering an area of 10,654 square kilometers and with a population of 6.99 million.

? France is Europe's third largest country and faces the United Kingdom acoss the English Channel. ? Florence is an Italian city which became famous because of the Renaissance.

? Qingdao faces the sea which becomes famous because of the blue seawater.

? Many of Florence 's most beautiful paintings and sculptures were produced by great artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. ? Greece's best writers lived in ancient Athens. Their work has influenced writers ever since. ? poet essay celebrity

? China's best writers travelled around ancient Qingdao.Many of China 's most beautiful essays and poems were produced by great artists such as Li Bai, Pu Songlin and Kang Youwei.

? international

possess

modern

? Qingdao is a beautiful city of China, situated in the south of Shandong peninsula , covering an area of 10,654 spuare kilometers and with a population of 6.99 million. ? Qingdao faces the sea which becomes famous because of the blue seawater. ? China's best writers travelled around ancient Qingdao.Many of China 's most beautiful essays and poems were produced by great artists such as Li Bai, Pu Songlin and Kang Youwei. ? Qingdao is a international city, which possesses a great many modern buildings and factories.

? 1 连接词 ? 2 框架词 ? 3 内容词

1 连接词汇
表列举:for example、for instance、 that is to say 表补充:besides、in addition、moreover 表对比:on (the) one hand…on the other hand, in spite of 表原因:because of、thanks to、due to、 owing to 、as a result of 表结果:therefore、thus、as a result、so 表结论:to conclude、in a word、in brief、 to sum up in a nutshell in conclusion 表转折:however、nevertheless、yet

汉语意思 不同的

普通用词 different more and more face

亮点词汇 various , vary from growing, increasing confront

越来越
面临

重视
很多

emphasize
many

attach importance to vast, a overwhelming majority of, quite a few, an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of
debate, controversy focus occur

讨论 关注 发生 意识到

discussion attention

happen realize

be aware of

汉语 意思
认为

普通词汇

亮点词汇

think

believe, hold, argue, maitain, harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally ackowledged that, to my mind, as far as I am concerned

重要的

important support disagree like

essential, vital, significant, notable
be in favor of, approve of disapprove of , frown on sth prefer, feel inclined to , be keen on, be fond of , appeal to benefical, positive, favorable, perfect, pleasurable

支持
不同意 喜欢

好的

good
坏的

bad

dreadful,unfavorable, poor, adverse

普通词汇

亮点词汇

名词

reason cause

factor contribute to, attribute to , lead to , result from, account for

动词

连词

because

since , in that , seeing that, now that

普通词汇

亮点词汇

first
第一项

in the first place, to begin with, first and foremost
in the second place, furthermore, besides in the third place, finally, last but not least

第二项

second

第三项

third

内容词汇

1解决 Solve, deal with, cope with, handle, resolve, address, tackle 2损害

Damage, hurt, injure, harm, impair, undermine, jeopardize

3给与 Give, offer, render, impart, provide,supply, afford 4培养 Develop, cultivate, foster 5优势 Advantage, merit, virtue, benefit, upside, strength

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6缺陷 Disadvantage, demerit, drawback, downside, weakness 7使迷惑 Puzzle, bewilder, perplex, baffle 8重要的 Key, crucial, critical, important, significant, vital, substantial, indispensable, imperative Protect, conserve, preserve

9保护

10确保 Assure, ensure, guarantee, pledge

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11消除 Eliminate, clear, remove, clear up, take away, smooth away 12导致

Lead to, bring about, result in, cause, spark off, conduce to, procure, induce, generate

13宣称 Allege, assert, declare, claim 14有益的 Useful, helpful, beneficial, profitable, rewarding,advantageous 15影响 Influence, impact, effect

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16明显的

Clear, obvious, evident, self-evident, manifest, apparent, crystal-clear Comprise, take up, account for, constitute, consist of, make up, occupy, hold, compose Compared with,compared to,in comparison with, in comparison to,by comparison with,by comparison to Show, reveal, illustrate, demonstrate, depict, present, represent, describe Approximately,almost,about,around,nearly,roughly

17 占

18与…相比

19展示

20大约

Page ? 46

真题三
假设你是李华,最近国内一家英文报纸正在讨论北 京动物园是否应该迁出市区。以下是你所在班级的 讨论情况。请你给该报写一封信,反映讨论结果。 赞成迁出 1 游客多,交通堵塞 2 郊区环境好 反对迁出 1 建于1906年,中外闻名 2 搬迁易造成动物死亡

扩展
第一段 引话题 第二段 第三段 正反议论 总结

第一段 引话题
? When asked about their opinion of career and family, people always respond differently. Some people deem it more important to pursue their career, while there are always other people who argue that family should be the number one in one’s life.

? Punctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs in civilized society.Without it ,nothing could ever be brought to a conclusion; everything would be in a state of chaos.

? No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail. Cooked in wine, snails are a great luxury in various parts of the world.

第2段 正反议论
赞成迁出 1 游客多,交通堵塞 2 郊区环境好 反对迁出 1 建于1906年,中外闻名 2 搬迁易造成动物死亡

The other side of the picture is quite the opposite, One man's meat is another man's poison

? Some people take the attitude that ... ... can produce positive effects on us in more than one way. ? First of all ? Furthermore ? What's more

? Others harbor the idea that ... ... may bring about negative impacts on us. ? For one thing ? For another

第三段 总结(个人观点)
? Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures. I hold that ...

讨论
? cell phone

? career and family

? When asked about their opinion of career and family, people always respond differently. Some people deem it more important to pursue their career, while there are always other people who argue that family should be the number one in one’s life.

? It goes without any question that career plays a key role in our life. In the very first place, career can give us an aim to live on. Without career, much of our living time will be certainly wasted. What’s more, career can provide us with a means to live on. Most of the people earn their income from a job. On the other hand, family is also an indispensable part of life, as many people will admit. Family is always regarded as a place where we can escape from troubles in life. In addition, we can obtain a sense of belonging to from family. Without it, anyone will feel lonely and desperate.

? In my opinion, career and family are not in opposition to each other. Rather, they can enhance each other so that one’s life can become better and better. Therefore, it’s not a choice between right and wrong, but one between ideal and practical.

?1 北京动物园建于1906年,有 一段很重要的历史。

Page ? 59

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定语从句和分词作状语

?Beijing zoo was built in 1906 and it has a very important history. ?Beijing zoo , which was built in 1906 , has a very important history.

?Built in 1906 , Beijing zoo has a very important history. ?date back to
Page ? 66

? 这个公寓位于芳草街,离建新华文学 校只有一站。

Page ? 67

?Located on Fangcao Street, this flat is only one station from Jianxin Huawen School by bus No.11.

Page ? 68

? 江城位于长江边,风景优美,适合居 住。

Page ? 69

?Settled along the banks of China's longest river, the Yangtze river, Jiangcheng is a beautiful town for people to live in.

Page ? 70

?2 我们之所以要去种树 ,是因为树可以给我们 提供新鲜的空气。

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原因句型

?The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的 原因是...)

Page ? 73

?The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air.

?The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.
Page ? 74

?the reasons why I hold the view that name is very essential to individuals are as follows,

Page ? 75

?3 草样年华这本书太有趣了, 我看了好多遍还是大笑不止。

Page ? 76

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倒装句

?So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于... )

Page ? 78

?So interesting is the book named The Age of Youth that I read it many times and can't help laughing.

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?Never had a dream come true . ?Impossible is nothing.
?ONLY ?so do I, so I do ,neither do I

?as
Page ? 80

?4 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不 起浪费它。

Page ? 81

?So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.

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?5 尽管一些西亚国家很富有, 但是他们的民主制度是很难令 人满意的。

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Page ? 84

?Adj. + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)

Page ? 85

?Rich as the countries in west Asia are , the democracy there is by no means satisfactory.

Page ? 86

?{by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

Page ? 87

?我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

Page ? 88

?On no account can we + V ~~~ (我 们绝对不能...)

Page ? 89

?On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

Page ? 90

?6 你愈努力,你愈进步。

Page ? 91

结婚后就没有歇过

Page ? 92

? the

+ ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj. + S + V,

Page ? 93

?The harder you work, the more progress you make.

Page ? 94

?我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问 。

Page ? 95

?The more books we read, the more learned we become.

Page ? 96

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?

7 该是有关当局采取适当的措
施来解决交通问题的时候了。

Page ? 98

?It is time + S + 过去式 (该是 ...的时候了)

Page ? 99

虚拟语气

?It is time the authorities took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

Page ? 100

?那个老奶奶对那个小猫很好,就像它 是她女儿一样。 ?多亏了你的帮助要不然我也不可能这 么早完成这项工作。 ?如果我有500万,我就买辆宝马。

Page ? 101

Page ? 102

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?8 帮助别人是值得的。

Page ? 104

Page ? 105

Page ? 106

Page ? 107

?It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得 的。) ?It is worth + doing ...

Page ? 108

?It pays to help others.

Page ? 109

?9 我们应该养成早睡早起的习 惯。

Page ? 110

?get into the habit of + Ving= make it a rule to + V (养成... 的习惯)

Page ? 111

Page ? 112

?We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.

Page ? 113

?10 遵守诺言是多么重要的事!

Page ? 114

感叹句

?What a + Adj. + N + S + V! = How + Adj. + a + N + V! (多 么...!)

Page ? 115

?What an important thing it is to keep our promise! ? How important a thing it is to keep our promise!

Page ? 116

Page ? 117

?This is the most effective pesticide that i have ever seen.

Page ? 118

Page ? 119

?These are the most beautiful eyes that i have ever seen.

Page ? 120

?11 我们应尽全力去达成我们的 人生目标。

Page ? 121

Page ? 122

?do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去...) ?spare no efforts to + V (不遗 余力的)

Page ? 123

?We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.

Page ? 124

?12 我们在怎么强调保护环境也 不为过。

Page ? 125

?~~~ can't emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不 为过。)

Page ? 126

?We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting the environment too much.

Page ? 127

?

13 我们很久都没有见了。

Page ? 128

?S + 现在完成式。Since + S + 过去式

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?It has been a long time since we last met.

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?14 不可否认的,男人的地位已经大 不如从前了。

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?There is no denying that + S + V .. (不可否认的...)

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?There is no denying that the status of male has gone from bad to worse.

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?15 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人 不满意。

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?There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫 无疑问的...)

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?There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

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thank you for your cooperation


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