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2011届高考英语第一轮词汇复习题10


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19Chapter 10 SBI Units 19-20
☆重点句型☆ 1. What do you think causes these changes? 2. It is on this arable land that the farmers produ

ce food for the whole population of China. 3. To make as much use of the land as possible, two or more crops are planted each year where possible. 4. Not only is food production important but also taking care of the environment. 5. Much of the wisdom discovered by early Chinese scientists is still useful for farming. 6. Acting our stereotypes of people from different countries can be very funny. 7. What comedians have in common with the players in a comedy is their way of playing with words. 8. Typical for China is the crosstalk show, where a pair of comedians entertain the audience with word play. ☆重点词汇☆ 1. protection n. 保护;防卫 2. technique n. 技术;技巧 3. irrigation n. 灌溉;冲洗 4. import n. & v. 进口;输入 5. production n. 产品;总产鼍 6. sow v. 播种;散布 7. wisdom n. 智慧;学识 8. firstly adv. 首先 9. remove vt. 移动;搬开 10. depend v. 依靠;依赖 11. insect n. 昆虫 12. discovery n. 发现;被发现的事物 13. humor n. 幽默;诙谐 14. practical adj. 实际的;实用的 15. fortunately adv. 幸运地 16. intend vt. 打算;想要 17. nationality n.国籍 18. fluent adj. 流利的;流畅的 19. amuse vt. 使发笑;使愉快 20. laughter n. 笑;笑声 21. accent n. 口音;腔调 22. typical adj. 典型的 23. actually adv. 事实上

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appreciate vt. 欣赏;感激 operate v. 运转;操作 silence n. 寂静;沉默 confuse vt. 使迷惑;混淆 applaud v. & n. 拍手喝彩;赞同 exist vi. 存在 direction n. 方向;指示 ☆重点短语☆ 1. bring in 引进 2. depend on 依靠 3. protect from 保护……免受…… 4. make use of 利用 5. make fun of 取笑;嘲笑 6. drive off 赶走;开走 7. date back to 追溯到…… 8. look on as 把……看作 9. be on good terms with 和……关系好 10. go against 违背;违犯 11. have an effect on 对……有影响 12. at the right time of the year 在适当季节 13. year after year 年复一年 14. pass on 传递下去 15. the first time 第一次 16. enjoy a long life 健康长寿 17. in great surprise 大吃一惊 18. add to 增添 19. from generation to generation 一代代 20. be different from 与……不同 短语闯关 下列短语都是这两个单元学过的重要短语,请你根据 汉语在横线上填人一个正确的词,每个词 4 分,80 分才 能过关,你一定能过关,做好了闯关的准备吗?那么我 们就开始吧? 1. depend ____ 信赖;依靠;取决于 2. and ____ on 等等(表示列举未尽) 3. twister 绕口令 4. make fun ____ 取笑;嘲笑 5. date ____ (to) 回溯到;追溯到 6. make use ____ 利用某事物(某人) 7. be ____ good terms (with sb)(与某人)关系好 8. drive ____ 把(车)开走;赶走;击退 9. look on...____ 把……看作 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

高考英语学习资料

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10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. l7. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. ____ the 1980s 在 20 世纪 80 年代 have an effect ____ 对……产生影响 bring ____ 引进 not only…but ____ 不仅……而且…… ____ good money 赚大钱 go ____ 违背;违犯 a wide audience 得到广大观众的欢迎 play ____ words 玩弄词藻 be fluent ____ English 英语说得流利 act ____ small sketches 演小品 ____ sunset(在)黄昏 pass ____ 传递下去 ____ a long life 健康长寿 ____ great surprise 大吃一惊 all ____ China 全中国 act the ____ of 演……角色 ☆交际用语☆ 1. In my opinion you should... 2. If I were you... 3. We can't do both, so... 4. As far as I can see the best thing would be to... 5. Wouldn't it be better if... 6. I hope (wish) to… 7. I intend to... ☆词汇短语☆ ……娱乐 消遣) 娱乐( ……喜欢 6. amuse vt. (1) 给……娱乐(消遣) (2) 使……喜欢 (高兴) (3) 逗……乐(笑) amusement n. 娱乐;消遣;娱乐活动 amused adj. 愉快的;开心的;好玩的 amusing adj. 有趣的 His story amuses me. 他的故事使我发笑。 The children amused themselves by playing hide-andseek games. 孩子们玩捉迷藏游戏取乐。 [词组] be amused at 以……为乐;对……觉得有趣 (好笑) be amused by 以……为乐;对……觉得有趣(好笑) be amused with 以……为乐;对……觉得有趣(好笑) amuse oneself with 以……自娱 鉴赏,欣赏;感谢; 涨价; 7. appreciate vt. 鉴赏,欣赏;感谢;意识到 vi. 涨价; 增加

高考英语学习资料

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appreciator n. 鉴别(赏)者;赏识者 appreciation n. 欣赏;评价;了解;感激 appreciative adj. 赞赏的;有欣赏力的;感激的 We all appreciate the holiday after a year of hard work. 经过一年的辛苦工作之后,我们都十分珍惜这个假 期。 A musician can appreciate small differences in sounds. 音乐家能辨别声音中极细微的差别。 We shall appreciate hearing from you again. 我们恭候佳音。 I don't think you appreciate the danger of this job. 我认为你完全不了解这项工作的危险性。 I appreciate your kindness. 多谢厚意。 Houses in this area have all appreciated since the new road was built. 这条新路修好后,这个地区的房子都涨价了。 【注意]appreciate 后接动词的-ing 形式,不能接不定 式,也不可用“人”作宾语。 【考点 2】certain 的用法 ▲构词: ① certainly adv. 的确,(口语)当然行 ② certainty n. 确实.确定(性);确知,确信;必然的事; 毫无疑问的事 ▲搭配: ① It is certain that... ……”是肯定无疑的 友情提示:certain 在大多时候可以被 sure 替换,但此 句型中不可以。 ② be certain of / about 确信,深信 ③ be certain to do sth 必然,一定 ④ be not certain whether...不能确定是否…… ⑤ for certain 肯定地,确凿地 ⑥ make certain of / about 把……弄清楚,把……弄确 实 ⑦ make certain that... 保证…… 【考例 2】[NMET 1997] Wait till you are more ____. It's better to be sure than sorry. A. inspired B. satisfied C. calm D. certain [考查目标] 本题考查 certain 的词义。 [答案与解析]D 从下文的 sure 可以得到印证,句意是 “等到有把握(确信)”。

高考英语学习资料

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5. develop v. (1) vt. 发展,养成;形成,培养 The little boy developed an interest in music. 这个小男孩对音乐感兴趣。 Fresh air and exercise develop healthy bodies. 新鲜空气和体育锻炼造就了健康的体魄。 (2) 成长,形成 James has developed into a charming young man. 詹姆斯已经长成为一个富有魅力的年青人。 (3) 冲洗 (胶卷) Let's have these pictures developed. 咱们把这些照片冲洗出来吧。 (4) 开发,建设 We should develop the natural resources of our country. 我们应该开发我们国家的自然资源。 [拓展]developed adj. 发达的 developed country / society 发达国家/社会 developing adj. 发展中的 developing country / society 发展中国家/社会 development n. 发展,进步,成长,开发 指导; 领路人, 2. guide vt. 指导;带领 vi. 任向导 n. 领路人,导 游者,向导 guidance n. 指导;领导 guided adj. 有领导的;指导的 guiding n. 导向;控制 They guided us to the office. 他们带领我们到了办公室。 Be guided by your feeling. 按你的感觉行事。 guide 后常接介词 to,意为“……的指南,……的向 导”。 This book is a guide to Ennglish Grammar. 这是一本英语语法指南。 想要,打算; 设计; 4. intend vt. (1) 想要,打算;企图 (2) 设计;计划 (3) 意指;意思足 intending adj. [主英] 预期的;未来的 intended adj. 预期的;有意的;已订婚的 n. 未婚妻/夫 I intend to go home. 我想回家。 The book is intended for beginners.

高考英语学习资料

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本书是为初学者编写的。 What do you intend by that remark? 你说这话是什么意思? Is that what you intended? 这是你的原意吗? [词组] be intended to (do) 使;是用来 be intended to be 规定为;确定为 it is intended that 企图;意图是 intend for 打算供……使用;打算送给……;打算使 ……成为;想让……从事某事 【考点 1】intend 的用法 ▲构词:intention n. 意图,打算,目的;意义,用意 ▲ 搭配: ① intend that... 打算…… ② intend doing sth / to do sth 打算…… ③ intend...for...打算供……使用,打算把……送给 ……;打算使……成为;想让……从事…… ④ intend sb to do sth 打算让某人做某事 ⑤ be intended / meant for 专门为/专门给 ⑥ have no intention of doing…无意做…… ⑦ with the intention of 抱有……目的,打算 ⑧ without intention 无意中,不是故意地 【考例 1】[2004 北京]Younger people shouldn't be doing exercises ____ for 18-year-olds. A. used B. intended C. made D. described [考查目标] 本题考查 intend 的基本用法。 [答案与解析]B intend 与 for 的搭配表示“打算供某 人使用,为某人设计使用”等意思。 【考点 6】mind 的用法 ▲ 构词: evil-minded 存心不良的 low-minded 卑鄙的 research-minded 富于研究精神的 small-minded 气量小的 strong-minded 意志坚强的 absent-minded 心不在焉地 ▲ 搭配: ① against one's mind 违反某人的心愿,没有得到某人 的同意 ② apply bend / give / pay / set one's mind to 专心 ……,一心一意……

高考英语学习资料

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be in / have a good mind to do sth 极想,极有意 be of / in a / one mind 意见一致 be out of one's mind 精神不正常,发疯;忘记 bear / keep...in mind 记住,记在心里 bring / call...to one's mind 想起,回忆起 change one's mind 改变想法/主意;变卦 come to / into one's mind 浮现在某人的脑海中 give one's (whole) mind to 一心一意地……,专心于 make up one's mind 决心,打定主意;接受,承认 read sb's mind / thoughts 看出某人的心思,知道某 人在想些什么 ⑩ to sb's mind 在某人看来;合某人的心意 ⑩ with one mind 全体一致地;同心间德 ⑩ mind (sb / sb's) doing sth 介意/反对(某人)做某事 ⑩ never mind 别难过;没关系;不重要 【考例 6】[2004 山西模拟] To most of us,friendships are considered very important, but we need to have clear in our ____ the kinds of friends we want. A. hearts B. thought C. actions D. minds [考查目标] 本题考查 mind 的意思及其他和一些近义 词的区别。 [答案与解析]D in one's mind 意思是“在某人的心目 中”,in one's heart 则常表示“在某人内心深处”,二者使 用的场合不同。 【考点 3】operate 的用法 ▲构词: ① operating-table n. 手术台 ② operation n. 运转,操作,实施,作用,业务,工作, 手术,军事行动 ③ operaUve adj. 运转着的,有效的,手术的,起作用 的,生效的 ▲ 搭配: ① operate on / upon sb 给某人动手术 ② be in operation 在运转中;在行动中;在实施中;在 生效中 ③ come / go into operation 开始工作/运转;生效 ④ perform an operation on sb for a disease 给某人动手 术 ⑤ put / bring into operation 实施,施行 【考例 3】I was wondering why suddenly the lift was not ____ properly. ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ ⑨ ⑩

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A. operating on B. operating C. managing D. controlling [考查目标]operate 的多种含义。 [答案与解析]B operate 可作不及物动词,意为“(机 器电梯等)运转”,结合本题语境,只有 B 正确。本句意 为“我一直在纳闷为何电梯突然失灵了”。 移动,拿开;脱掉,摘掉;去掉,开除。 1. remove vt. 移动,拿开;脱掉,摘掉;去掉,开除。 He removed his desk to another office after argument. 争吵后,他把办公桌搬到了另一个办公室。 Please remove your baggage from the seat so that the old man can sit down. 请把你的行李拿开让这位老人坐下。 I recognised Tom after he removed his dark glasses. 汤姆取下墨镜后我才认出他。 【考点 4】return 的用法 ▲ 搭配: ① in relurn (for) 作为……的报答/回礼,交换 ② (Wish you) many happy returns!(祝你)福寿无疆, 长命百岁! ③ write in return 写回信 ④ return sb a visit 回访某人 ⑤ return ticket 来回票 ⑥ in return for 报答…… ⑦ make a return 作报告/汇报 ⑧ small profits and quick returns 薄利多销 【考例 4】[2004 湖北]Two weeks later, she ____ to find her old car cleaned inside and out with three new tires and the radio fixed. A. shocked B. happened C. returned D. came [考查目标]本题考查 return 的基本词义。 [答案与解析]C 根据上下文.本空白所需要的意思是 “回来”。 【考点 7】seat 的用法 ▲ 搭配: ① Please have a seat. 请坐。 ② take a seat 坐下 ③ take one's seat 就座,坐在自己的座位上;(当选为议 员后)就职 ④ seat oneself (=be seated) 坐下 【考例 7】[2003 北京西城模拟] At dinner, he was ____ beside a woman full of dignity.

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A. seated B. placed C. arranged D. kept [考查目标] 本题考查 seat 作为动词时的用法。 [答案与解析]A 作为动词的 seat 意思是“给某人安排 座位,让某人落座”,常用被动语态。 遭受; 受苦( 受损失;吃亏; 8. suffer vt. 遭受;忍耐 vi. 受苦(难);受损失;吃亏; (for); 受罚 (for);患病 (from) sufferer n. 受苦的人;受害者;患者 suffering n. 苦楚;受难 adj.受苦的;患病的 I will not suffer such conduct. 我不能容忍这种行为。 His business suffered greatly during the war. 他的生意在战争中蒙受了重大损失。 He suffered for his carelessness. 他因粗心而吃了亏。 The child suffers from measles. 这小孩得了麻疹。 [词组] suffer for 为……而受苦 suffer from 患……病;受……苦 【考点 5】use 的用法 ▲ 构词: ① used adj. 用过的,旧的 ② usable adj. 可用的,适于使用的 ③ user n. 使用者,用户 ④ useful adj. 有用的,有助益的 ⑤ useless adj. 没用的,无价值的 ▲ 搭配: ① use up 用完,耗尽;(口)使筋疲力尽 ② make (full) use of (充分)利用,使用 ③ of (no) use (没)有用 ④ out of use 不再使用了,不通用,作废 ⑤ in use 正在用,通用 ⑥ bring / put sth into use 开始使用(某物) ⑦ come into use 开始被使用 【考例 5】[2004 辽宁] With special equipment, some scientists are studying the ways in which the mountain snow can be____, and with the help of a repeater station,... A. taken care of B. made use of C. piled up D. saved up [考查目标] 本题考查 use 构成的短语 make use of 的意 思。

高考英语学习资料

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[答案与解析]B make use of 的意思是“利用”,在本 句中使用了被动语态。 [牛刀小试 1] 用所给单词的适当形式填空: (intend, certain, return, operate, use, seat, mind) 1. Some of the projects are ____ by the women who were left in the village. 2. Would you ____ if they smoked in the next carriage? 3. Lisa was that the new film was to be hold in our city next month. 4. "Be please," the organizer said to us. 5. Two hours passed but no children ____ to their homes. 6. I ____ to act in a film directed by Miss Swift. 7. A good ____ should be made of the computer to solve the problem we have been facing these years. 【短语归类】 追溯到…… 始于…… ……; 9. date back to / from 追溯到……;始于…… In China needle treatment dates back to ancient times. 在中国,针刺疗法从古代起就有了。 This document dates from 1789. 文件上注明的日期是 1789 年。 [词组] break the date 不遵守约会;失约 bring sth. up to date 使……现代化;使……达到最新 研究成果 (水平) make / have a date with sb. [口](与某人)约会(常指 男女之间) out of date 过时的;废弃的 up to date 直到最近的;新式的;现代的 closing date for entries 报名截止日期 ……看作 10. look on...as 把……看作 They all look on him as a member of their family. 他们都把他看作是自家人。 Don't look on him as a child. He is old enough to look after himself. 别把他当成孩子看待,他已经能照顾自己了。 [词组] look after 照料 look back (与 on, to 连用) 回想;记起;停滞不前 took down on 轻视;看不起 look forward to 盼望;期待 look in 顺便看望;短暂访问

高考英语学习资料

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look on (常与 as 连用)旁观;看作(=look upon) look out 注意;找出;挑选出 look over 翻阅;浏览;检查 look up 好转;在书中查到;寻访到;探访(某人) look up to 尊敬 【考点 1】含 look 的短语 ① look the same 看起来一样 ② look after 照料,照看 ③ look at 看 ④ look for 寻找 ⑤ look over (仔细)检查 ⑥ look up 向上看,查找,查寻,改善 ⑦ look on...as... 把……看作 ⑧ look out 留神,注意 ⑨ look like 看起来像 ⑩ look through 浏览,细看 ⑩ look on 旁观 ⑩ look into 调查 ⑩ look (a) round 环顾四周 ⑩ look down 俯视 [例句] He looked over the food in the refrigerator and found that he had eaten up all the eggs and butter. 他查 看了一下冰箱里的食物,发现所有的鸡蛋和黄油都吃 光了。 The weather is looking up, so we may go out this coming Sunday. 天气在好转,所以我们这周日也许能出 去。 There were signs everywhere warning people to look OUt for falling rocks. 到处都有牌子,提醒人们当心岩石 掉下来。 We look on Kong Fansen as a model for us to learn from. 我们把孔繁森当作我们学习的楷模。 【考例 1】(NMET 1 990) ____ this book and tell me what you think of it. A. Look through B. Look on C. Look into D. Look up [考查目标]此题主要考查 look 短语的短语的用法。 [答案与解析]A look through 浏览,细看;look on 旁 观;look into 调查;look up 向上看,查找,查寻,改善。 本句话意思是“仔细看一看这本书,告诉我你的想法”。 利用; 3. make use of 利用;使用 He made use of every secx)nd to learn his lessons every

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day. 每天他分秒必争地学习。 If better use is made of your spare time, you will make great progress in it. 如果你更好地利用你的业余时间,你会在那方面取 得更大的进步。 【考点 3】含“动词 + on”的短语 ① carry on 坚持下去,继续下去 ② come on 来吧,跟着来,赶快 ③ call on 访问,号召,邀请 ④ go on 继续 ⑤ go on doing 继续做 ⑥ get on 上(车) ⑦ hold on 等一等,不挂断 ⑧ live on 继续存在,继续活着.以……为主食,以…… 为依靠 ⑨ knock on 敲(门、窗) ⑩ pass on 传递,转移到 ⑩ put on 穿上,上演 ⑥ turn on 打开 ⑩ try on 试穿,试戴 ⑩ depend on 依赖,依靠,取决于 ⑩ test on 在……(身上)做试验 ⑩ be on good terms 关系好 ⑩ play a trick on sb 开某人玩笑,欺骗某人 [例句]Though tired and hungry, we carried on until we reached camp. 尽管又累又饿,我们还是坚持到了宿营 地。 As the years go on, we grow both wiser and sadder. 随 着岁月的流逝,我们变得既明智又有点伤感。 He put on an air of innocence, but it didn't deceive us. 他装出一副无辜的样子,但是这欺骗不了我们。 Several pairs of shoes were tried on, but none of them were satisfactory. 试穿了几双鞋,但是没有令人满意 的。 The southerners in China mainly live on rice. 中国南方 的人主要以大米为食。 Don't play a trick on me — I want to know the truth. 不 要欺骗我.我想知道真相。 I call on the people of the country to work hard for na— tional unity. 我号召本国的人民为了国家的统一而努 力。

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【考例 3】(2005 辽宁) Could you please tell me where you bought the shoes you ____ yesterday? A. tried on B. put on C. had on D. pulled on [考查目标] 此题主要考查“动词 + on”的短语用法。 [答案与解析]C 句子的意思明显是表达“穿”的意思 (表状态)。而 try on 的意思是“试穿”,put on 的意思是 “穿”。但强调的是动作,pull on 也表穿戴的意思,表动 作,多指袜子或帽子等。 【考点 2】含“动词+back"的短语 ① come back 回来 ② bring sb back 送回某人 ③ bring...back to life 使苏醒,使生动,使活泼 ④ bring back 拿回来,使恢复。使回想起 ⑤ go back 回去 ⑥ get...back 退还,送回去,取回 ⑦ get back 回来,取回 ⑧ date back to 回溯至,追溯到 ⑨ take back 收回,取回 ⑩ keep back 隐瞒不讲,扣留,阻止 ⑩ hold bac k 阻止 [例句] Her stay among the mountains brought her back to health. 她在山中逗留使得她恢复了健康。 This custom dates back to the Tang Dynasty. 这种风俗 可追溯到唐朝。 I apologize to you, now I will take back what I said. 我 向你道歉,现在我愿意收回我所说的话。 He may be telling the truth but he is keeping something back. 他也许在说实话,但是他在隐瞒什么。 His story brought back our happy childhood together. 这个故事把我带到了我们在一起时的快乐童年。 【考例 2】(2004 全国卷 I) You can take anything from the shelf and read, but pleas ____ the books when you've finished with them. A. put on B. put down C. put back D. put off [考查目标] 此题主要考查 put 短语的用法。 [答案与解析]C put on 穿戴,上演;put down 记下,放 下;put back 放回原处;put off 推迟。本句话的意思是“从 书架上你可以拿任何东西来读,但是读完后请放回原处”。 ☆词语比较☆ 1. product, production, produce

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这组词均指通过劳动或努力而生产形成的产品。 product 是最普通的词,多指某种自然或人工的产品 或产物,还指文学或艺术方面的作品。 production 指产品时,常限于人工产品,包括智力和 艺术劳动产品。亦为戏剧或电影中的常用词。用在 抽象的意义上,表示“生产;产量”。 produce 是个集合名词,指自然产品,特别是农业产 品而非工业品。 She is the product Of talented parents. 她是她天资卓越的父母的产物。 Production of iron has increased in the last few years. 最近几年铁的产量增加了。 The farmers brought their produce to town early each Saturday. 农民们每星期六一早把农产品带到镇上去。 2. guide, conduct, lead 作为动词三者都有“领”“导”或“引”的含义。它们的 区别在于:guide (抽象名词 guidance;具体名词 guide “向导”) 是通用词,可以用于“为别人带路”“指导别 人的学习、品行修养”,它的内涵是避免走弯路或遇 到危险。而 conduct (抽象名词 conductance“传导 力”;具体名词 conductor"向导者”,公共汽车等的“售 票员”) 在表示“指导、引导”时含有明显的主从关系, 即被引导者不服从是不可以的。lead (抽象名词 leadership"领导”;具体名词 leader"领袖、领队”)可以 表示“领导、带路”,但它总含有领导者走在前面,而 把被领导者控制在自己的权威之下,或被领导者处 于秩序井然的状态中的意思。 Thousands of lanterns slowly drift out to sea guiding the dead on their return journey to the other world. 数千只灯笼慢慢向大海漂去,给死人返回阴间指明 道路。 At the top of the bank my guide paused and looked back at me. 我的向导在河岸上稍停了一下,并且回头看了看我。 He is now studying under the guidance of Professor Green. 他现在正在格林教授的指导下学习。 3. happen, take place, breakout, occur (1) happen 往往表示偶然性的没预料到的事情的“发 生”。 How did the accident happen? You'd better let me

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know. (2) take place 表示必然性的“发生”或指是布置或策 划好某事后“举行”的。 Great changes have taken place in our country these years. 这些年我国发生了巨大的变化。 (3) break out 表示地震、战争、火灾、疾病等“突然发 生”、“爆发” A fire broke out in the neighborhood last night. (4) occur 相当于 happen It is said that the traffic accident OCCUlTed at midnight. [联想] 主语 (人) + happen + 动词不定式 It (形式主语) + happen + that 从句 (真正的主语) I happened to see him in the street. (碰巧、恰巧) 4. sure, certain, confident 意思都是“确信的”。sure 强调“主观上确信无疑 的”。certain 指“有充分根据或理由而相信的”。 confident 强调“对某人(物)坚信的或满怀信心的”。 be sure to 中的 sure 不能改为 certain。 I'm sure you don't mean it. 我相信你是无意的。 This letter made me certain 0f his innocence. 这封信使我相信他是无罪的。 He's confident he will win. 他坚信他会赢。 [词组] be certain of 确信;深信 be certain to 必然;一定 be not certain whether... 不能确定是否…… for certain 肯定地;确凿地 make certain (of, that) 把……弄清楚;把……弄确 实;保证 5. late, later, latest, lately late 是形容词或副词,表示“晚,迟”;later 是副词,表 示“以后,后来”,常单独使用或放于一段时间之后; latest 是形容词,表示“最近的”;lately 是副词,表示 “最近,近来”。 He went to bed late last night. 他昨晚睡得很迟。 I shall call again later. 我过会儿再打电话。 People want to buy the latest newspaper, nobody wants to buy yesterday's.

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人们都要买最新的报纸,没人要买昨天的。 Have you seen him lately? 你近来见到过他吗? 6. deep, deeply deep 既可作形容词,又可作副词,表示动作与事物的 具体深度,注意习惯搭配。deep into, go deep, be buried deep,drink deep(痛饮);deeply 为副词,常用 于修饰形容词、分词以及含有抽象意义的动词。 Our teacher often work deep into the night. 我们老师常常工作到深夜。 Her faith goes very deep. 她的信仰很坚定。 We are deeply moved by what she said and did. 她的言行使我们深受感动。 I'm deeply grateful for the advice you gave me. 我非常感激你对我的劝告。 7. year after year, year by year year after year 意为“年复一年地”,常用来表示每年 重复,在句中作状语,类似的结构还有:day after day; month after month; one after another; letter after letter;而 year by year 表示逐渐的变化过程,类似的 结构还有:day by day; little by little (逐渐地)。 My grandfather grows older year by year. 我爷爷一年年老了。 We call on our teachers on Teachers’Day year after year. 我们年年教师节都要看望老师。 ☆句型诠释☆ 1. What do you think causes these changes? 你认为是什么(原因)引起这些变化的? What effects do you think the changes in eating habits will have on agriculture and nature? 你认为这些饮食变化对农业和自然会起什么作用? 句中 do you think 是插入语,经常位于疑问词(组) 后,有时也可放在句尾。 Where do you think our English teacher comes from? 你认为我们的英语老师来自哪里? Who do you think the old lady is? 你认为那老太太是谁? What is it, do you think? 你认为这是什么? 2. To make as much ase of the land as possible, two or

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more crops ale planted each year where possible. 为了充分利用土地,在有条件的地方,每年种植两季 以上的庄稼。 句中 as possible 和 where possible 是 as it is possible 和 where it is possible 的省略形式,在类似结构中 it is / was 常常被省略。as...as possible 是固定的结构,表 示“尽可能……”。 We need to send the letter off as soon as possible. 我们有必要尽可能快地把这封信寄出去。 Hold your breath for as long as possible. 屏住呼吸,时间越长越好。 Fill the words in the blanks where necessary. 在需要的地方填上单词。 3. Not only is food production important but also taking care of the environment. 粮食牛产固然重要,环保也很重要。 (1)当 not only...but (also)... 连接两个并列分句 时,前一个分句要用部分倒装,即部分谓语(助动词、 系动词、情态动词)提到主语之前,第二个分句不要 倒装。有时后一个分句与前一个分句的相同部分可 以省略。(2) 当 not only...but (also)...连接两个主 语时,其谓语与靠近它的主语保持一致。 Not only did he speak more correctly but he spoke more easily. 他不仅讲话更正确,而且讲得也较不费劲了。 Not only the students but also the teacher is interested in the TV play. 不仪学生们而儿老师也对这部电视剧感兴趣。 4. Much of the wisdom discovered by early Chinese scientists is still useful for farmers and gardeners. 中国古代科学家所发现的大量知识和经验,对于今 人的农民和园艺工仍然有用。 句中 discovered by early Chinese scientists 是过去分 词短语作后置定语,相当于 which was discovered by …。过去分词短语作定语一般具有以下特点:(1) 放在修饰侧的后面。(2)与修饰词构成被动关系。 (3)相当于一个灰示被动的定语从句。单个的过去 分词作定语一般放在修饰词的前面,在个别情况下 放在修饰词之后。 The system used in this school is very successful. 这学校使用的系统很成功。 There is a red car parked outside the house.

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房子外边停着一辆红色汽车。 The window broken in the stoml has now been repaired. 在暴风雨中打破了的窗户,已经修好了。 5. What comedians have in common with the players in a comedy is their way of playing with words. 滑稽演员与喜剧演员,共间点在于说话玩弄词藻。 句中 what 引导的从句为主语从句。(have)...in common (with) 表示“和……有共同之处”的意思。 OUt of common 则表示“异乎寻常;不平常”的意思。 They have a lot in common. 他们有许多共同之处。 I haven't a thing in common with my father. 我与父亲格格不入。 He had noticed nothing out of common. 他没有发现异乎寻常的事。 6. I remember that the last time we met I did most of the talking, so perhaps I should Iet you do the talking this time. 我记得,上次见面时主要是我讲话,因此,也许这次 应该让你讲话了。 句中 the last time 为连词引导时间状语从句。引导 时间状语从句的词组有 as soon as, hardly...when, no sooner...than, the moment, by the time, every time, each time 等。 The moment I saw him, I recognised him. 我一见到他,就认出了他。 He had hardly finished the article when the light went out. 他刚写完论文,灯就熄了。 No sooner had she arrived than she went away again. 她刚到就又走了。 【句型归纳】 【考点 l】It is on this arable land that the farmers produce food for the whole population of China. 就在这些耕地 上,农民们生产了供给全中国人口的粮食。 It was from the early 1990s that scientists started to develop new techniques to increase agricultural production without harming the environment. 90 年代初,科学家开 始了新的技术,在不损害环境的基础上增加农业产量。 该两句中的 it 用于强调句型。 it 可以用来改变句子的结构,使句子的某些成分受到强

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调。强调的基本句型结构为:It is / was + 被强调部分 + that + 句子的剩余成分。 强调句型可分别强调主语、宾语、地点状语、时间状语 等。例如: It was at Christmas that Jack gave Jane a beautiful red rose. 就是在圣诞节。杰克送给简一朵漂亮的红玫瑰。 注意: 1. 强调人时,that 可以换成 who。 2. 当被强涮部分较复杂时,特别记住不能漏写了 that。 例如: It was not until he came back at midnight that I left. 直到他半夜回来,我才离开。 3. 强调句型用于疑问句时,注意语序。例如: When and where was it that Liu xiang broke the Olympic record? 到底在何时何地。刘翔打破了奥运 会记录呢? 【考例】 】(2003 上海) It is these poisonous products ____ can cause the symptoms of the flue, such as headache and aching muscles. A. who B. that C. how D. what [考查目标] 强调句型。 [答案与解析]B 根据以上的解释.本句强调主语,又 指物,所以用 that。 【考点 2】What do you think is the most important thing in yourjob7 你认为在你工作当中最重要的是什么? 该句中宾语从句的引导词 what 位于句首,构成一种特 殊句式。在由 do you think / believe / suppose / expect / imagine 等词引导宾语从旬时,需要把宾语从句的引 导阋位于句首,构成一种特殊的疑问句“疑问词 + do you think / believe / suppose / expect / imagine + 宾语 从句剩余成分”。例如: When do you suppose he came back to his motherland? 你认为他什么时候回到祖国的? Which team do you think will Wi’ll the World Cup?你认 为哪一个队将赢得 l 什界杯? 【考例 2】(NMET】991) -- We haven't heard from Jane for a long time. -- What do you suppose ____ to her? A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. having happened [考查目标]疑问词 + do you think / suppose / believe

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+宾语从句剩余成分”。 [答案与解析]C 根据以上的解释,需要填 what 的谓 语动词,所以用 has happened。 【考点 3】Dating back to the Qin Dynasty (221—207BC), the traditional crosstalk shows, or xiangsheng shows, have made people all over China roar with laughter for centuries. 传统的相声表演可以追溯到秦朝(公元前 221—207 年),已经使中国人笑了千百年了。 该句中的“dating back to...”在句中作定语,相当于定语 从句 which dated back to 或 which dated from。 v-ing 在句中可以作定语。注意它们在句子中与所修饰 的名词的逻辑关系。如果表示主动关系,用 v-ing;表示 被动关系,则用 being done。例如: Do you see the girl dancing with your brother? (定语) 你看到那个正在与你弟弟跳舞的姑娘了吗? The building being built now is our lab. (定语)正在修 建的大楼是我们的实验室。 【考例 3】(2000 上海)Will those ____ the children from abroad come the headmaster's office? A. teaching B. teach C. who teaches D. who teaching [考查目标]v-ing 作定语。 [答案与解析]A 根据以上解释,用非谓语动词。teach 与 those 关系是主动关系,所以用 teaching。 【考点 4】It's their clothes, makeup and the way they talk that makes people. 逗人笑的是他们的衣着,装扮和走 路的姿势。 该句中的 they talk 作 the way 的定语从句。 the way 充当先行词时,一定要注意“顾后”,即 the way 在定语从句中所作的成分。如果 way 是作宾语或表 语,关系词要用 that 或 which;如果 way 作状语,关系词 要用 that,in which 或不填。例如: This is the only way that you can find. 这是你能找到 的惟一的方法。 She is fond of the way the famous Japanese actor smokes. 她喜欢那位日本男影星抽烟的姿势。 I don't like the way that (in which) he speaks to his mother. 我不喜欢他对他妈妈说话的方式。 【考例 4】(2004 湖北) What surprised me was not what hc said but ____ he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which

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[考查目标]定语从句与并列连词“not...but...”。 [答案与解析]A not…but…连接两个表语成分;the way 引导定语从句,而且在从句中作状语,选 theway。 [牛刀小试 3] 1. I can't understand the way ____ you worked out the math problem. A. in which B. with which C. how D. which 2. It was ____ back home after the experiment. (2004 湖北) A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn't go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn't go 3. Why!I have nothing to confess. ____ you want me to say?(2004 上海) A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that 4. Reading is an experience quite different from watc— hing TV; there are pictures ____ in mind instead 0f before your eyes. (2004 广西) A. to form B. form C. forming D. having formed 【交际速成】 【考点 1】Giving advice and making decisions 提建议 (劝 告) 和作决定 (2005 浙江二模) -- Since you can't find a better job,why don't you stick to the present one? -- Well, ____. A. I believe not B. I don't care C. Never mind D. I might as weIl [答案与解析]D 本题考查对提出劝告的应答用语。 “I might as well (stick to the present one)”表示“那我 还是坚持做目前的工作”。may / might as well do 不 妨做,无妨做(比 had better 更委婉)。 【归纳】英语中表示劝告和作决定的用语有: ① You'd better go to see the doctor. ② You should listen to and read English every day. ③ You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary. ④ Don't rush / hurry / push. ⑤ Please stand in line.

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⑥ If I were you, I'd phone him now. ⑦ In my opinion you should... ⑧ The other idea sounds better to me... ⑨ As far as I can see the best thing would be to... ⑩ Wouldn't it be better if...? ⑩ I think he is right... ⑩ We can't do both, so... ⑩ We have to make a choice... 【考点 2】Expressing intentions and plans 表达打算和计 划 (2005 武汉模拟) -- Hi, I hear you're going to the World Park this week— end. -- ____, I was going to, but l changed my plan. A. Actually B. Finally C. Usually D. Normally [答案与解析]A 本题考查谈论计划的交际用语。根 据语境,答语意为“实际上,我本来打算要去的,但是我 改变了计划”。 【归纳】英语中表示打算和计划的常见用语有: (询问某人的打算和计划) ① Are you going to leave for Singapore? ② Do you mean / plan to apply for the position? ③ Have you decided to support him? ④ What do you mean / intend to do? ⑤ What are you doing this evening? ⑥ Will you be there? ⑦ What are you going to do? (说明自己的打算和计划) ① I will... ② I'm going to... ③ I intend to... ④ I hope to... ⑤ I plan / want to... ⑥ I wish to... ⑦ I've decided (not) to... ⑧ I hope not to... ⑨ I'm thinking of... [牛刀小试 4] 1. -- I think the company may not offer you a good pay. -- ____, I won't take the job. A. That is to say B. What is more

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C. In other words D. In that case 2. -- When are you leaving for London? -- My plan ____ at three tomorrow afternoon. A. is taking off B. is about to take off C. takes off D. will take off 3. -- I hear that Bai Shan can't afford his schooling this fall. -- ____, let's do something for him. A. If so B. Where possible C. When necessary D. What a shame 4. -- I'm going downtown. -- Come on. ____. A. You're welcome B. I'll give you a lift C. Don't do that D. Come with me ☆精典题例☆ ( )1. ____ straight on and you'll see a church. You won't missing it. (2004 湖北) A. Go B. Going C. If you go D. Wheng going 【解析】选 A “祈使句 + and + 陈述句”的句式相当 于含有 if 条件句的复合句。 ( )2. ____ the programme,they have to stay there for another two weeks. (2004 广东) A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 【解析】选 C not having completed 是分词的完成式 的否定结构,在句中表原因。 ( )3. The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to ____. (2003 北京春季) A. make it out B. make it off C. make it uD D. make it over 【解析】选 A make out 意为“理解”。 ( )4. It is said in Australia there is more land than the govemment knows ____. (NMET 2003) A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it 【解析】选 C what + 不定式在句中做 know 的宾语

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