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2高考英语总结:应用文写作-书信


Writing—Practical Writing

高考应用文写作 ——电子邮件

Studying aims: 1.To remember some important knowledge about the email. 2.To know how to write an email.

Brainstormi

ng: Look at the the following example and find out the main structure of an email
? .

? Dear Tom, I’m Lihua, a student from Xin Hua Middle School. I often visit your website, where I got the wonderful news that you’re looking for topics from students all over the world. I’m writing to recommend one. ? In my opinion, that we should be thankful for this good idea. Firstly, it is our parents who brought us up through thick and thin, so we should thank them. Besides, we owe our teachers thanks, for we couldn’t be who we are now without their hard work. What’s more, thankfulness is also our traditional Chinese virtue. Where there is thankfulness, there are hopes to make the world better. Only with a thankful heart, can we fully realize how beautiful life is. ? Hopefully, my topic will be chosen. Wish the activity a great success.
?

? ?

Yours, Li Hua

书信文常识 ( information) (空四个字母的距离)
开头语(the beginning Dear Tom,称呼 (salutation) sentence) ? I am pleased to hear from you.(普通信) / I’m …from . I am glad to hear that you need a secretary(求职信)/ I’m writing a letter to get some help.(求助信)/We are planning to hold a 正文 party on Sunday. I’m writing to ask you to come.(邀请信) (body) ? I think….is a good idea/I suggest /There are my reasons, 结束语 firstly….,then….,finally….. (complimentary close ? I am looking forward to your next ) letter soon/ Please write to me when you have time . / Let’s keep in touch. /I will appreciate if you can answer me soon. Yours, 签名 (signature) Li Hua

What makes a good piece of writing?

Good first impression Everything 1.neat writing书写 required Well organized and included 2. content内容 smoothly No Chinglish developed No Grammatical mistake 3. structure结构 4. language语言

I’m Lihua, a student from Xin Hua Middle School. I often visit your website, where I got the wonderful news that you’re looking for topics from students all over the world. I’m writing to recommend one. In my opinion, that we should be thankful for this good idea. Firstly, it is our parents who brought us up through thick and thin, so we should thank them. Besides, we owe our teachers thanks, for we couldn’t be who we are now without their hard work. What’s more, thankfulness is also our traditional Chinese virtue. Where there is thankfulness, there are hopes to make the world better. Only with a thankful heart, can we fully realize how beautiful life is. Hopefully, my topic will be chosen. Wish the activity a great success.

假设你是李华,你的英国朋友Tom在北京学习时遭遇到 了雾霾天气。他想知道有关雾霾的一些情况,请根据以下要 点给Tom写一封电子邮件: 1. 雾霾天气产生的主要原因; 2. 雾霾天气人们生活造成的影响; 3. 告诉Tom我们应该为此做些什么。 注意: 1. 词数:120~150; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

I.【审题谋篇】How to design a composition
1. 本篇为书信 letter,为常用文体,介绍情况类。 2. 人称:第一人称 first person 3. 时态:一般现在时 present tense 4. 写作要点

<1>. 雾霾天气产生的表现、主要原因; <2>. 雾霾天气人们生活造成的影响、危害; <3>. 告诉Tom我们应该为此做些什么措施。

总 in brief
2.构思段落 分

写信目的 话题(雾霾)
列举原因和影响 采取措施

in detail

总 in brief

总述/客套用语

Hazy weather

Traffic accidents

Serious diseases/lung diease

Waste gas from the factories

Gas is released from the cars

Rubbish is thrown everywhere

Posionous water is poured into the river

Plant trees

Green commuting

buses
bikes

On foot underground

3.Wording
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1.对…产生影响 3.对…带来很大伤害 5.改善环境 7.公共交通工具 1.have an influnce/effect on 3.be harmful to/do harm to 5.improve the environment 7.public transport 2.对…负责 4.由于 6.绿色出行 8.采取措施 2.be responsible for 4.due to/because of 6.green commuting 8.take measures to do

4.Improve your sentences
1雾霾产生的主要原因是由于大气受到污染 The reason why the haze weather occurs is that the air is polluted. ————————————————————————————— 2. 污染很严重,很多人不得不戴上口罩。 The pollution is so serious that many people have to wear the marks. ————————————————————————————— 3. 雾霾天气对人体造成了伤害,导致了很多交通事故 Not only can haze weather do harm to human bodies, but also it leads to many traffic accidents. —————————————————————————————

4. 我认为保护环境是非常有必要的。 In my opinion, it is necessary to protect the envionment ————————————————————————————— 5. 只有这样做,我们才能拥有一个美丽的家园 Only in this way can we have a beautiful home. ————————————————————————————

5.Necessary conjunctions make a pieces a writing more smoothly developed.
1.首先 2.其次3.更为槽糕的是 4.同时 5.结果 6.然而 1.firstly 2. at first secondly 3.what’s worse 4.meanwhile 5.as a consequence/result 6.however

【佳文点睛】

Dear Tom,
I was delighted to receive your letter, in which you mentioned the haze weather.. The reason why the haze weather occurs mainly is that the air is polluted. ,such as . As a result, the pollution is so

serious that many people have to wear the marks. what’s
worse, not only can the haze weather does harm to human bodys, but also it leads to many traffic accidents.

In my opinion, it is necessary to protect

Above all
the envionment and it is time we should take actions. Above all, I recomment that we should take green commuting, such as riding a bike , taking buses or subways instead of cars. Meanwhile, we should plant more trees to aborb the dioxide .

Meanwhile

In a word

In a word, only in this way can we have a beautiful home.
Would you have some good ideas ? Please write to me when you have time .

Yours,
Li Hua

Save water Save food pollution

书信写作的五点要求: 1、开门见山说意图 2、咨询/ 建议1、2、3、 3、书写认真多得分 4、感谢客气不可少 5、期待回信成老套

From: Mrs Gong


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