Unit 2 English around the world Period 1 Warming up, Pre-reading, Reading and comprehending
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. I had lost my _________ （身份）card and was being questioned by the police
. 2. Do you want to take the __________（电梯）or use the stairs? 3. The ____________（实际的）cost of repairs was a lot less than we had expected. 4. Total profit was $ 690 million in the ___________（后者的）half of 2000. 5. The ship sank on itss long ____________（航行）home. 6. Air is a mixture of g _____________. 7. Their arguments were becoming more and more f________. 8. She’s f _________ in four languanges. 9. His English v __________ is getting bigger all the time. 10. Spanish is the country’s o __________ language. Ⅱ、短语翻译 1.使用，利用____________ 2.目前，现在______________ 3.以……为基础_____________ 4.不止一个______________ 5.即使____________________ 6.在某种程度上_____________ 7.因为，由于____________ 8.互相（三者以上）_________ 9.显现，出现，发生_________ 10.像……那样，诸如……________________________________
Ⅰ、单选 ( )1.— Did you take enough money with you? — No, I needed _________ I thought I would. A. as much as B. much more than C. much less than D. not so much as ( )2.It’s already 10:30. I wonder how it _______ that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A. came up with B. came out C. came about D. came over ( )3.It was reported that their ship broke down on the way and only a few men survived the ________. A. trip B. travel C. voyage D. tour ( )4.When planting trees, stick to ________ species. A. nations B. native C. natives D. nation ( )5. Many great men have risen from poverty —Lincoln and Edison, ________. A. for example B. instead C. such as D. and so on ( )6.Middle school students should learn from real heroes, ________ Yang Liwei and Hong Zhanhui, and try to make contributions to our country in the future. A. for instance B. for example C. as follows D. such as ( )7.The number of peole invited _______ forty, but a number of them ______ absent for different reasons. A. were; was B. was; were C. was; was D. were; were ( )8.She was late not only __________ her illness but also _________ she missed the plane. A. for; because of B. because; for C. because of; because D. because of; because of ( )9. I like Emy, ________ she can be annoying（烦人的）at times. A. even though B. now that C. as though D. as long as ( )10. Complete the map of each site __________ what you drew last time. A. to base on B. bases on C.basing on D. based on ( )11.So far the problem we are worried about hasn’t ___________ yet. A. come up B.come on C. come on D. come down ( )12. They had a pleasant chat ______ a cup of tea. A. with B. for C. over D. during ( )13.We thought about it for a long time, but still couldn’t _________ a solution. A. come out B. get along with C. come over D. come up with ( )14. If better use is _________ of your spare time, you’ll make great progress. A. thought B. made C. spent D. taken ( )15. —Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away? — Thank you. _________. A. If you like B. Of course you can C. It couldn’t be better D. It’s up to you Ⅱ、请根据课文内容，填充表格。 Origin Modern English comes from 1 ________. From AD 450 to AD 800 it was based more on 2 ___________. From AD800 to 1150 New settlers enriched its 3 _________.
At the end of 4 _____ century In 1620 In the 18th century By 7 ________ century
about five to seven million people spoke English and nearly all of them lived in England. It was carried to 5 ___________. It began to be spoken in 6 __________ . English was finally settled. There were were big changes in English 8 _____________.
Two important works: Samuel Johnson’s dictionary and Noah Webster’s 9 ___________. A large number of people study English and 10 ____________ may have the largest number of English learners.
1. Name some countries where English is their official language. 2. Guess which of the following words is British English and which is American English. Can you list more? 1) match / game 2) colour / color 3) autumn / fall 4) toilet / bathroom 5) underground / subway 6) flat / apartment 7) sweets / candy 8) post / mail
Unit 2 English around the world Period 2 Learning about Language(Discovering useful words and expressions & Discovering useful structures)
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. If you c ________ someone to do something, you order them to do it. 2. He walked five b __________ down High Street. 3. When she saw me, she r _________ me at once. 4. The book refers to modern English _________(惯用法). 5. Thank you for all your e __________ of praise. 6. The teacher asked us to be ablie to r________ the story before the next class. 7. The country is facing a very difficult economic s ___________. 8. Can you r _________ what you just said, please? 9. He is surprised to see that our home town develops so r ________. 10. The ten most ___________(频繁地)asked questions are listed below. Ⅱ、短语翻译 1. 信不信由你_____________________ 2. 走近___________________ 3. 要求某人做某事_________________ 4. 在操场上_______________ 5. 公认某人为_____________________ 6. 在周末__________________ 7. 向某人解释_____________________ 8. 说出不同________________ 9. 提出请求_______________________ 10. 列出清单_______________
Ⅰ、单选 ( )1. He commanded that all the gates __________. A. shut B. should shut C. would be shut D. be shut ( )2. With a good ____________ of both Chinese and English, Mr Li was assigned the task of oral interpretation for the visiting American delegation. A. command B. impression C. programme D. writing ( )3. Do you think the President will give in to the terrorists’ ____________ ? A. suggestion B. request C. demand D. requirement ( )4. She come here ___________. A. by my request B. at my request C. for my request D. by the request of me ( )5. His only request is that the room _________ after being used. A. be cleaned B. will be cleaned C. would be cleaned D. is cleaned ( )6.—Do you mind if I keep pets in this building? — _______________________. A. Great! I love pets B. Of course not, it’s not allowed here C. No, you can’t D. I’d rather you didn’t, actually ( )7. Yesterday she told me that she had met her aunt ___________. A. for two years B. two years before C. two years ago D. before two years ( )8. The teacher told me that the light ______ faster than sound. A. travels B. had traveled C. is traveling D. traveled
( )9. She said she ________ here soon. A. will go B. would come C. will come D. would go ( )10. He asked me ______ I bought the dictionary. I told him that my brother gave it to me as a present. A. what B. which C. that D. where ( )11. He _______ us to have another try. A. warned B. hoped C. suggested D. asked ( )12. Mother said that _______ would do all washing herself. A. she B. her C. I D. we ( )13. “_______ polite to the guests,” said my father. A. Are B. Do be C. Should D. Please ( )14. He told me that she had met one of my old friends in the street ________. A. the next day B. the following day C. the day before D. yesterday ( )15. I was told that the singer _______ in 1978. A. was born B. had been born C. had born D. is born
the same … as 与 the same… that 有何区别？
Unit 2 English around the world Period 3 Using Language(Listening, Reading, Speaking)
Ⅰ、单词拼写 Fill in the blanks according to the first letter or the Chinese meaning given in the brackets. 1. Doctors advise the patients should take medicine following _______(说明书). 2. Jet Li has played lots of leading r_______ in Kong Fu films. 3. What is _______ (标准) English? 4. Education in middle schools should contain various cultures, _______ (包含) sports cultures. 5. Most of the members _______ (在场) at the conference were for the removal of agricultural taxes. 6. The Indian _______ (本地人) aren’t getting on well with the Whites in this area. 7. Although I hadn’t seen Jenny for ten years, I r_______ her voice immediately I picked up the phone. 8. Judging from his _______ (口音), he must be from North East of China. 9. Our nation has been developing _______(迅速地) in science and technology. 10. A whole basin of water in the freezing weather may be turned into a b_______ of ice. Ⅱ、短语运用 Fill in the blanks using the suitable form of the phrases given below believe it or not; even if; make good use of; such as; play the role of; a good number of; the same… as; come up; be based on; more than 1. You are not stupid. _______ you were slow at study, you shouldn’t give up your studies. 2. _______ books have been missing from the library. 3. I’m afraid something urgent has _______; I won’t be able to see you tonight. 4. The money collected should be _______ to help the people in South Asia who suffered a lot in the killer earthquake and tsunami(海啸). 5. The farmer grows various kinds of crops, _______ wheat, corn, cotton and rice. 6. He is _______ a friend to me. He is in a way my English teacher. 7. He once _______ Hamlet when at college. 8. Judgment should _______ facts, not on gossip. 9. There at the door stood a girl about _______ height _______ mine. 10. _______, they found gold in the mountain.
Ⅰ、单选 ( )1. Mike came here _________ to see you, ________ after he heard that you had returned from abroad. A. especially; specially B. especially; especially C. specially; especially D. specially; mainly ( )2. —I’m sorry I broke your mirror. —Oh, don’t worry about it! A. It’s OK with me B. It doesn’t matter C. Don’t be sorry D. I don’t care ( )3.The apples are delicious. I’d like to have _____ third one because ____ second one is rather too small. A. the; a B. the; the C. a; a D. a; the ( )4. Father is coming. What present _______ for your birthday? A. do you expect he has got C. you expect he has got C. do you expect has he got D. you expect has he got ( )5.She looks honest, but _____ she often tells lies. A. in a fact B.as matter of fact C. actually D. in an actual fact ( )6.___________, we must climb up to the top.
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
A. However high is the mountain B. However high the mountain is C. However the mountain is high D. However is the mountain high )7. Mother promised to ______ me with a beautiful gift. A. offer B. give C. buy D. present )8.It seems difficult to ______ “damage” from “destroy” in meaning. A. tell B. judge C. separate D. divide )9. He has made _______ a rule never to regret and look back. A. that B. it C. what D. this )10.—Is the film interesting? —Yes, but it won’t interest _______. A. someboday B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody )11. It is so nice t hear from him. _____, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. In other words B. What’s more C. Believe it or not D. That is to say )12. I have ____ him for fifteen years. But I didn’t _____ him just now because he has changed so much. A. known; recognize B. recognized; know C. known; know D. recongnized; recongnize )13. People from the mountains in the southeastern US speak with almost ______ people in the northwestern US. A. a same language as B. the same dialect that C. the same accent as D. the same dialect as )14. What do you think of the way _____ he worked out the problem? A. that B. in which C. / D. all the above )15. I came back to the same place _____ I had found the ring. A. where B. which C. as D. that
Unit 2 English around the world 答案 Period 1 Warming up, Pre-reading, Reading and comprehending
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. identity 2. elevator / lift 3. actual 4. latter 5.voyage 6. gases 7. frequent 8. fluent 9. vocabulary 10. official Ⅱ、短语翻译 1. make use of 2. at present 3. be based on 4. more than one 6.in some ways 7. because of 8. one another 9. come up
5. even if 10.such as
Ⅰ、单选 1. B.前一句意思是“你带够钱了吗？”从否定答语“没有（带足够的钱） ”可知，后面要表达的意思是“需要的钱比原 来想象需要的钱要多得多” 。故选 B. much less than 是其反义短语，指“远远少于” 。 2. C.本题考查动词 come 的短语辨析。Come about 表示“发生， ”常与 how 连用。此句意为“我相知道这么短的旅途她 竟然迟到 2 个小时，这件事情是怎样发生的？” 3. C.由 ship 可推断出是海上旅行，因此用 voyage. 4. B. native 用作定语，表示“当地的” 。 5. A. instead 是副词，意为“代替，而是” ；such as 用来列举事物，不能用逗号隔开；and so on 意为“等等” ，用在所列 举的一系列事物之后；for example“例如，比如” ，可放在句首或句末，须用逗号隔开，用于对所说事情作解释时举例 用。故此处选 A。 6. D. 表示多个人物的列举。 7. B. “a number of+n.”意思是“许多??”，做主语，谓语动词用复数； “the number of+n.” 意思是“??的数目” ， 做主语，谓语动词用单数。 8. C. because of 后面接名词、代词或相当于名词的词组，而 because 后面跟句子表示原因。 9. A.表示退一步进行考虑的情况。 10. D.此句意为“在你上次所画的基础上完成那张包括各个地点的地图” 。Base on 指“以??为基础” 。根据句子可知， 此处不需要谓语动词，B 项可排除。被修饰词 map 与 base 之间是被动关系，故选 D。 11. A.指问题的显现、出现。 12. C. 介词 over 在此处意为“一边??，一边??” 。本题意思是“他们一边喝茶，一边愉快地聊天” 。for 表示目的， with 表示方式或伴随，during 表示‘在??.期间“，在此均不符合语境。 13. D. 指找到一个好的解决方法。 14. B.考查把 make use of 中的名词 use 提前，变成被动的用法。 15. C. 否定词与形容词后副词比较级连用表示最高级的意思。 Ⅱ、请根据课文内容，填充表格。 1. England 2. German 3. vocabulary 4. the 16th 5. America 6. Australia 7. the 19th 8. spelling 9. The American Dictionary of the English Language 10. China
1. In Asia, Singapore, the Philippines, India etc. In Africa, Nigeria, South Africa, the USA, Canada etc.
In Oceania, Australia, New Zealand and so on. 2. 每组斜杠前面的单词是英国英语(Br. English)，后面的是美国英语(Am. English)。 1) match / game 2) colour / color 3) autumn / fall 4) toilet / bathroom 5) underground / subway 6) flat / apartment 7) sweets / candy 8) post / mail Differences in vocabulary between British English and American English. Br. English Am. English Br. English Am. English pub bar mend repair biscuit cookie football soccer lift elevator lorry / van truck cooker stove ground floor the first floor film Movie / film petrol gas / gasoline programme program traveller traveler cab taxi ill sick mum mom trousers pants Mad crazy penfriend penal tin can theatre theater
Unit 2 English around the world Period 2 Learning about Language(Discovering useful words and expressions & Discovering useful structures)
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. command 2. blocks 3. recognized 4. usages 5. expressions 6.retell 7.situation repeat 9. rapidly 10. frequently Ⅱ、短语翻译 1. believe it or not 2. come up to 3. request sb to do sth. 4. in / on the playground 5. recognize sb as / to be 6. at the weekend 7. explain to sb. 8. tell the difference 9. make a request 10. make a list of 8.
Ⅰ、单选 1. D. command 引导的宾语从句必须用虚拟语气，其中 should 可以省略。 2. A. 指英语和汉语掌握得好。 3. C.demand 指提出的强烈的要求，坚决不让步的要求。 4. B. at… request 应??.之要求。 5. A. request 后面跟的是同位语从句，用虚拟语气，表示内容。 6. D. Do you mind if…?是表示请求许可的日常用语。否定回答表示同意对方的意见，而肯定的回答则表示反对对方的 意见。依据语境，此处应选 D 项，表示委婉的拒绝。 7. B.间接引语中“一段时间之前”要用“时间段 ＋ before”。 8. A. 当讲述真理时，从句用一般过去时。 9. B. 主句是一般过去时，从句要用过去将来时。由句中 here 可知用 come 不用 go。 10. D. ask 后不能再用 that, 又因宾语从句中主、谓、宾都有，缺状语，故选 D。 11. D. 只有 ask 后可接 sb. to do sth. 12. A. 指 mother, 且句中有 herself，故用 she。 13. B. 直接引语中，祈使句要以动词原形开头。 14. C. 间接引语中“前一天”用 the day before。 15. A. in 1978 是一个表示过去的时间点， 要用一般过去时。 Ⅱ、把下列直接引语改为间接引语 1. The teacher told us to write our names on our papers first. 2. Her friend asked her to go there again the next/ following day. 3. Father ordered him to go away. 4. The teacher told the boys and girls not to make so much noise in class. 5. He/ She exclaimed that it was really a lovely day. 6. He wished me a Happy New Year. 7. Kate asked me to go up to her flat for a visit. 8. He told me never to forget it. 9. She suggested that they (should) go shopping. / She suggested (their) going shopping. 10. Miss Lin told / advised / ordered Tom to stop talking. Ⅲ、把下列间接引语改为直接引语
1. The hostess said to us, “Please sit down.” 2. He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.” 3. Mother said to me, “Come back before 10:00.” 4.She said to me, “Don’t wait for me.” 5.The girl said, “ Let’s start at once.”
当定语从句所修饰的词（即先行词）是 the same 或被 the same 修饰时，指的是同类事物，表示“同??一样的” ； 定语从句的引导词必须用 as；如果定语从句所修饰的词（即先行词）与从句中所指的是同一个，the same 应与 that 连 用，表示“和??是同一个。 ”
Unit 2 English around the world Period 3 Using Language(Listening, Reading, Speaking)
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. directions 2. roles Ⅱ、短语运用 1. Even if/ though 6. more than 3.standard 4. including 5. present 6. natives 7. recognized 8. accent 9. rapidly 10. block
2. A good number of 7. played the role of
3. come up 4. made good use of 5. such as 8. be based on 9. the same… as 10. Believe it or not
Ⅰ、单选 1. C. specially to do sth.指专门，特意干某事；especially“尤其，特别是” ，对某一方面进行强调。 2. B. 表示“不介意。 ” 3. D. a third one 表示“又一个” ，不是表顺序。 4. A. 此处是“疑问句+插入语+陈述句”的结构。 5. C. actually 实际上，其他选项均为形式上错误。 6. B. however + adj. / adv. +其他。 7. D. present sb. with sth.赠送某人某物。 8. A. tell A from B 把 A 与 B 辨别开来。 9. B. make it a rule to do sth.把做……当成习惯。 10. C. 但并非使所有人都感兴趣。 11. C.本题主要考查这 4 个插入语的意义辨别。In other words 换言之；What’s more 另外，还有；That is to say 也就是说； Believe it or not 信不信由你。根据本题语境可知，C 是最佳选项。 12. A. recognize 指原来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原因后又重新认出来,是终止性的动词； know 是延续性动 而 词，指相互间十分熟悉和了解。 13. D. the same…as 是固定表达。当定语从句所修饰的词（即先行词）是 the same 或被 the same 修饰时，指的是同类 事物，表示“同……一样的”；定语从句的引导词必须用 as；如果定语从句所修饰的词（即先行词）与从句中所指的是 同一个，the same 应与 that 连用，表示“和……是同一个。”另外，accent 是一个人讲话的口音；language 是一个民族、 一个国家的语言； dialect 是一种语言之下的某种方言。 14. D. the way 作先行词在定语从句中作方式状语时，其定语从句的引导词可以是 that 或 in which 或者省略。 15. A. where 在定语从句中作地点状语，不要受 the same … as 的干扰，as 为关系代词。 Ⅱ、1. recognize 2. fluent 3. Actually 4. voyage 5. southeastern 6. native 7. pardon 8. usage 9. international 10. such
1. over 2. communicate 3. spoken 4. Actually 5. more 6. less 7. who 8. vocabulary 9. when 10. giving
Unit 2 English around the world Period 4 Using Language (Reading and Writing)
Ⅰ、1. B 2. E 3. F 4. D 5. C Ⅱ、1. D.细节理解题。根据第一段第二句 People need new words for new ideas and new inventions.可知道答案应选 D。 2. C. 细节理解题。结合选项及文章的最后一句 Our “sandwich” was named after a man named Sandwich and “sello”was a name given by the company that first made the product.可以推断出答案。 3. B.信息综合题。文章提到了 new sords 的来源...by borrowing words from other languages... be formed in other ways...are shorter forms of older words.以及 The names of people and products can become new words.这四种方式。 4. A.主旨大意题。文章的第一句 English words don’t stay the same.讲述了英语单词不是一成不变的，从而说明英语语言 在不断地发展变化。
ACBAD ６～１０BCAAB １１～１５DBACD １６～２０CCACD 1. A. 这里是问世界上有多少种语言。 2． C.英语是最重要的语言之一, 还有很多语言不是很多人使用,所以不是很重要。 3． B. 很多人使用英语，而不仅仅是喜欢、说或学英语。 4． A. not only ... but (also)...是固定搭配。 5． D. as 意思是“作为”。 6． B. a sencond language 表示第二语言。 7． C.很难说有多少人在学英语。 8． A.millions of 为固定搭配，意思是“数以万计的”。 9． A.很多儿童学法语，也有一些学德语、俄语、日语、汉语等。 10. B.学习语言的最好方法。 11. D. 我们小时候学我们自己的语言。 12. B.儿童时期学母语。 13. A. the same way 表示“相同的方法。” 14. C. 从后一句的 hear 可知这里是听别人说。 15. D. 16. C.与 using 和 talking 并列。 17. C. some time 一段时间；sometimes 有时候；all the time 一直。 18. A. 一直使用，当然就学得很快。 19. C.根据上文可知应为 through the ears. 20. D. D 项与 read them 和 spell them 并列。
Main idea: It is quite common that middle school students don’t feel happy at school. This passage tells us that many students don’t feel happy because they have too many exams and too much homework.. 定语从句复习笔记 PARTI I: 定语从句的基本框架: “先行词+关系词+从句” 关系词分为关系代词和关系副词.本单元关系代词有 who,whom,whose,that,which. 其中关系词紧接着先行词,并起到以下 3 个作用: (关系词=连词+代词) 指代之前出现的先行词 起到连词的作用,连接两个句子 在从句里面充当一定的成分,主语或宾语,甚至是表语,定语等 先行词为人:可以使用 who(宾格为 whom,且口语中常用 who 代替) 和 that.可以互换.其中做主语 who 和 that 不能省,但做 宾语时可以省略,这也是考点.记住,介词后面只能使用: 介词+whom 或 介词+which)(whose 是 who 的所有格,相当于 who’s 形式,“…谁的”,whose+n 可以替换为以下结构：the+ n +of which/whom，或 of which/whom+the+n ) 先行词为物： 可以使用 that, which.这两词一般可以相互替换,做主语不可以省,做宾语可以省略或保留.介词后面照样只能 用 which.) PS: in that=because 固定词组 (做题应该注意先行词的缺失情况,从句成分的主语和宾语是否为’二缺一’等) II: that 和 which 都可以修饰表示物的先行词, 可以充当主语或宾语，但是下列情况只能用 that. 先行词为不定冠词 all, none， few, little, much, everything, anything, something, nothing 等，或被这些词所修饰的时候 All (that) you have to do is to practise every day. There isn’t much (that) I can do. 先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级所修饰时. The first lesson (that) I learned will never be forgotten. This is the best film (that ) I have ever seen. 先行词被 no，all, any, every, few, little, very，some 等限定词词修饰时. I have read all the books (that) you gave me. 先行词被 the only, the very, the last, the same 等修饰时. This is the very book that I want to read. 这正是我想要读的那一本书 This is the same book that I want to read. (两本书是同一本书) ----This is the same book as I want to read.(和我想读的书一样) 当主句以 who 或 which 开头的特殊疑问句时,定语从句 that 引导. Who is the man that is standing there? Which of us that knows something about physics doesn’t know this ? ⑥先行词同时包含人和物的时候。 We talked about the persons and things that we could remember. PS:
在 there be 句型中，只用 that，不用 which。 There is a street that is very busy every night. 2.time 做先行词，前面如果有序数词或 last 来修饰时，定语从句用 that 来引导或省略,做宾语可省；如果没有序数词 或 last 来修饰时，既可用 when 也可用 that 来引导。 This is the last time ( that ) I shall give you a lesson. The first time ( that ) I saw him was in 1972. It’s time ( that/when ) we got up. III:限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句的区别： 非限定性定语从句和限制性定语从句的显著区别点就是：非限制性定语从句前一般有“逗号”，这时只能用 which，不能 用 that！ ★（限制性的定语从句和先行词之间没有逗号，彼此意思是紧密相联的，而且相互内在关系是密不可分的，如果省略 了，就会使整个主句没有意义。 ） He is the man who has strong personality. 他是一个个性很强的人. ★（相对比与限制性定语从句，非限制性的定语从句和先行词之间有逗号连接，而且两者关系比较松散，只起补充说 明作用，即使省略了也不影响主句意义的完整。 ） My brother，who works abroad，is coming soon。 PS: I．当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修饰时，其后的定语从句通常是非限制性的，例如： Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired last year. 查理· 史密斯去年退休了，他曾经是我的老师。 This novel, which I have read three times, is very touching. 这本小说很动人，我已经读了三遍。 II．非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进行修饰, 这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数，例如： He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly upsets me. 他似乎没抓住我的意思，这使我心烦。(整个一句 话做先行词, which 做关系词,后面再接缺少主语的定语从句) III: 说明：关系代词 that 和关系副词 why 不能引导非限制性定语从句,也就是不能用于”逗号”后面。 介词+关系词 1）介词后面的关系词不能省略。 2）that 前不能有介词。 3） 某些在从句中充当时间，地点或原因状语的"介词+关系词"结构可以同关系副词 when 和 where 互换。 This is the house in which I lived two years ago. This is the house where I lived two years ago. (做题方法：依据谓语动词来判断！live 是不及物动词，需要借助介词 in 才能直接接宾语，如果有介词 in，则一定需要 用关系代词 that 或 which 来充当特定的成分；但如果没有介词 in，则直接构成“主语+谓语（不急物动词）”这最简单的 句型结构，此时可以使用关系副词来引导从句。 →第五单元的语法点) 4）含有介词的固定动词短语一般不拆开使用，如：look for, look after, take care of 等 This is the watch which/that I am looking for. (√) This is the watch for which I am looking. (× ) IV: 课外补充：as 引导的定语从句， as 用作关系代词和关系副词引导限定性定语从句，在从句中作主语、定语、表语、或状语，常与 the same … as; such… as , so… as , as… as 连用。 I like the same book as you do. I want to have such a dictionary as he has. I shall do it in the same way as you did. He is the same age as you ( are ). He will give you such information as will help you. Such students as you have mentioned should be criticized. =Students such as you have mentioned should be criticized. 在 the same…后也可用 that 引导定语从句，但意义有所不同： that 引出的定语从句， 表示其内容与主句所讲的事物是“同一个”,指同一事物； as 引出的定语从句是与先行词相似的 而 同类事物。 I want to use the same tool that I used yesterday.(就是昨天用的那个工具) I want to use the same tool as I used yesterday.(强调与昨天使用时类似的工具) as 做主语,表语,宾语; 先行词可以是一个词,一个短语或一个句子. To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish. As we all know, he studies very hard. As 引导的定语从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后.在很多情况下已经 构成固定搭配. 了解一下固定搭配： As everybody can see as was usual
As can be seen As is known to all， as you know as has been said before as is often said
as I expected as may be imagined as is expected as is reported as is announced
V: as 和 which 引导的非限定性定语从句的比较： 非限定性定语从句位于句未，而且 as 和 which 在从句中作主语、宾语、表语时 可互换。 He is a farmer, as/which is clear from his manner. This elephant is like a snake, as/which anybody can see. which 引导的非限定性定语从句一般放在句未，而 as 引导的非限定性定语从句 可放在句未，也可放在句中、句首。 放在句首时不能用 which 替换,只能用 as。 Crusoe lost his dog, which made him very sad Taiwan is part of China, as/which is known to all. As we have seen, oceans cover more than 70 percent of the earth. 3. as 引导非限定性定语从句时，意为“这一点、这件事” “正如…”，常与 see， hope，expect，know，guess 等动词搭配； 而 which 引导非限定性定语从句时与主句有一种因果关系，可译为“所以……”。 The color, as you all know, is dark red. Bamboo is hollow, which makes it very light. 4. as 引导非限定性定语从句并在从句中作主语时，其后面的谓语动词大多数必须是连系动词。如果从句谓语动词是行 为动词，则必须用 which。 He married her, as was natural. She refused to take the medicine, which made her mother angry. It rained hard yesterday, which prevented her from going to Shenyang. He is absent(缺席), as is often the case.
高一定语从句专题练习（关系代词篇） 1. A child ______ parents are dead is called an orphan(孤儿) . A. who B. who’s C. whose D. which 2. Carol said the work would be done by October, ___personally I doubt very much. A. it B. that C. when D. which 3. The door in our garden, ______ my father built many years ago, has lasted for a long time. A. that B. which C. what D. where 4. There’s still much ______ can be improved about it. A. which B. that C. / D. what 5. Mr. Johnson’s son, ______ lives in Chicago, is a doctor. A. who B. whom C. that D. which 6. I’ll never forget the years ______ I lived in the country with the farmers ______ has a great effect on my life. A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who 7. She may have missed her train, in ______ case she won’t arrive for another hour. A. what B. that C. which D. this 8. He has made a wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which do I think is C. I think which is D. which I think it is 9. I’ll remember the time _____ we spent together in the country. A. that B. when C. during which D. at which 10. Next winter _____ you’ll spend in Harbin, I’m sure, will be another exciting holiday. A. which B. when C. in which D. where 11. I don’t believe the reason ______ he has given for his being late. A. why B. that C. how D. what 12. I don’t believe the reason ______ he is so late. A. why B. that C. how D. what 13. There were two small rooms in the house, ______ served as a kitchen. A. the smaller of which B. the small of which C. the smaller of them D. the smaller one 14. Will you please show me the way to the only tall building _______ stands near the post office. A. / B. in which C. that D. where
15. Alice has a large collection of photos, ______ was taken in London. A. none of them B. no one of which C. all of which D. none of which 16. His sister had become a teacher, ______ was what he wanted to be. A. who B. what C. that D. which 17. With the fast development of agriculture, the people _____ village I taught before have lived a happy life. A. who B. whose C. in whose D. in which 18. I fell most angry about the way ______ I’ve been treated. A. / B. that C. where D. how 19. He was rude to the Customs officer, _____ of course made things even worse. A. who B. whom C. what D. which 20. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ____, of course, made the others unhappy. A. who B. which C. this D. what 21. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese Vase, _____ was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 22. “______ break the law should be punished,” the judge shouted. A. Someone B. Anyone C. Whoever D. Those who 23. Is there anything else______ you require? A. which B. that C. who D. what 24. The last place _______ we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it 25. He talked happily about the men and books ______ interested him greatly in the school. A. which B. that C. who D. when 26. The railway tunnel, through _____ the train goes will be completed soon. A. which B. that C. it D. whom 27. There is no dictionary _______you can find everything. A. that B. which C. where D. in that 28. There isn’t so much noise in the country _______ in big cities. A. that B. which C. where D. as 29. They could only read such stories ______ had been rewritten in simple English. A. that B. which C. as D what 30. There is only one student in the school______ I wanted to see. A. which B. that C. who D. whom 31. Crusoe’s dog became ill and died, _______ made him very lonely. A. as B. which C. that D. this 32. _______ we know now, bats comes out only at night. A. As B. Which C. That D. What 33. John got beaten in the game, ______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who 34._______ has been said above, grammar is a set of dead rules. A. Which B. What C. That D. As 35. I have bought two ballpens (圆珠笔), ______writes well. A. none of which B. neither of which C. none of them D. neither of them 36. There are two thousand students in our school, ________ are girls. A. of whom two-thirds B. two-third of them C. two-third in them D. two-thirds in which 37. Do you know the man _________? A. whom I spoke B. to who I spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 38. This is one of the best films________ this year. A. have been shown B. that have been shown C. that has been shown D. which has been shown 39. This is the only one of the best films ________ this year. A. have been shown B. that have been shown C. that has been shown D. which has been shown 40. Is _______ some German friends visited last week ? A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where 41. I’ll tell you _______ he told me last month. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all 42. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn?A. that B / C. which D. it 43. You can take any seat _______ is free.A. which B. where C. that D. in which 44. Please pass me the dictionary ______ cover is black. A. which B. which of C. its D. whose 45. Is this museum _____ some German friends visited last Wednesday? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one
46. He has two sons, _______ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom 47. I, ______ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is 48. The radio I bought yesterday is quite different from __you bought last month. A. that B. which C. the oneD. the one what 49. This is the most important chapter ______ we should pay attention. A. to whom B. in which C. at which D. to which 50. The person ______ is a famous writer. A. with whom you talked B. who you talked withC. that you talked with D. you talked with 51. The children climbed the hill, ______ they picnicked. A. on its top B. on the top of it C. on whose top D. on the top of that 52. _________, the compass was first in China. A. It is known to all B. It is known that C. We all know D. As is known to all 53. This is the watch _________. A. that he was looking for.B. for that he was looking.C. which he was looking for.D. for which he was looking. 54. He has had the same life ______ his father lived. A. where B. as C. that D. when 55. _______ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior high school is increasing. A. Which B. As C. That D. It 答案： 1-10： CDBBA ; BCAAA 11-20: BAACD DBBDB 21-30: BDBBB AADCC 31-40: BAADB ACBCB 41-50: DACDD BBCD 50:(ABCD) 51C 52D 53(AC) 54:B 55: B
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