高考英语阅读理解训练 100 篇(1－10)
You are watching a film in which two men are having a fight. They hit one another hard. At the start they only fight with their fists. But
soon they begin hitting one another over the heads with chairs. And so it goes on until one of the men crashes (撞击) through a window and falls thirty feet to the ground below. He is dead！Of course he isn't really dead. With any luck he isn't even hurt. Why? Because the men who fall out of high windows or jump from fast moving trains, who crash cars of even catch fire, are professionals. They do this for a living. These men are called stuntmen. That is to say, they perform tricks.There are two sides to their work. They actually do most of the things you see on the screen. For example, they fall from a high building. However, they do not fall on to hard ground but on to empty cardboard boxes covered with a mattress (床垫). Again, when they hit one another with chairs, the chairs are made of soft wood and when they crash through windows, the glass is made of sugar!But although their work depends on trick of this sort, it also requires a
high degree of skill and training. Often a stuntman' s success depends on careful timing. For example, when he is "blown up" in a battle scene, he has to jump out of the way of the explosion just at the right moment. Naturally stuntmen are well paid for their work, but they lead dangerous lives. They often get seriously injured, and sometimes killed. A Norwegian stuntman, for example, skied over the edge of a cliff (悬崖) a thousand feet high. His parachute (降落伞) failed to open, and he was killed. In spite of all the risks, this is no longer a profession for men only. Men no longer dress up as women when actresses have to perform some dangerous action. For nowadays there are stuntgirls tool 1. Stuntmen are those who ______. A. often dress up as actors B. prefer to lead dangerous lives C. often perform seemingly dangerous actions D. often fight each other for their lives 2. Stuntmen earn their living by ______. A. playing their dirty tricks
B. selling their special skills C.jumping out of high windows D. jumping from fast moving trains 3. When a stuntman falls from a high building, ______. A.he needs little protection B. he will be covered with a mattress C.his life is endangered D. his safety is generally all right 4. Which of the following is the main factor ( 因素) of a successful performance? A. Strength. B. Exactness. C. Speed. D. Carefulness. 5. What can be inferred from the author' s example of the Norwegian stuntman? A.Sometimes an accident can occur to a stuntman. B.The percentage of serious accidents is high. C.Parachutes must be of good quality. D. The cliff is too high.
KEY: 1- 5 CBDBA
activity which was almost unknown to the learned in the early days of the history, while during the fifteenth century the term "reading" undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become popular. One should be careful, however, of supposing that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is distraction (分散注意力) to others. Examination of reasons connected with the historical development of silent reading shows that it became the usual mode of reading for most adult reading tasks mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character. The last century saw a gradual increase in literacy (读写能 力 ) and thus in the number of readers. As readers increased, so the number of listeners dropped, and thus there was some reduction in the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so
came the popularity of reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, trains and offices, where reading aloud would disturb other readers in a way. Towards the end of the century there was still heated argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully, and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever its advantages, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media (媒介) on the one hand and by books and magazines for a specialized readership on the other. By the end of the century students were being advised to have some new ideas of books and to use skills in reading them which were not proper, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural, and technological
developments in the century had greatly changed what the term "reading" referred to. 1. Why was reading aloud common before the nineteenth century?
A. Because silent reading had not been discovered. B. Because there were few places for private reading. C. Because few people could read for themselves. D. Because people depended on reading for enjoyment. 2. The development of silent reading during the nineteenth century showed . A. a change in the position of literate people B. a change in the nature of reading C. an increase in the number of books D. an increase in the average age of readers 3. Educationalists are still arguing about _________. A. the importance of silent reading B. the amount of information provided by books and newspapers C. the effects of reading on health D. the value of different types of reading material 4. What is the writer of this passage attempting to do? A. To explain how present day reading habits developed.
B. To change people's way to read. C. To show how reading methods have improved. D. To encourage the growth of reading. KEY: 1-4 CBDA
In some ways, the United States has made some progress. Fires no longer destroy 18,000 buildings as they did in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, or kill half a town of 2,400 people, as they did the same night in Peshtigo, Wisconsin. Other than the Beverly Hill Supper Club fire in Kentucky in 1977, it has been four decades since more than 100 Americans died in a fire. But even with such successes, the United States still has one of the worst fire death rates in the world. Safety experts say the problem is neither money nor technology, but the indifference(无所谓) of a country that just will not take fires seriously enough.
American fire departments are some of the world's fastest and best-equipped. They have to be. The United States has twice Japan's population, and 40 times as many fires. It spends far less on preventing fires than on fighting them. And American fire -safety lessons are aimed almost entirely at children, who die in large numbers in fires but who, against popular beliefs, start very few of them. Experts say the error is an opinion that fires are not really anyone's fault. That is not so in other countries, where both public education and the law treat fires as either a personal failing or a crime(罪行). Japan has many wood houses; of the 48 fires in world history that burned more than 10,000 buildings, Japan has had 27. Punishment for causing a big fire can be as severe as life imprisonment. In the United States, most education dollars are spent in elementary schools. But, the lessons are aimed at too limited a number of people; just 9 percent of all fire deaths are caused by children playing with matches. The United States continues to depend more on technology than laws or social pressure. There are smoke detectors in 85 percent of all homes. Some local building
laws now require home sprinklers ( 喷 水 装 置 ). New heaters and irons shut themselves off if they are tipped. 1. The reason why so many Americans die in fires is that _____. A. they took no interest in new technology B. they did not pay great attention to preventing fires C. they showed indifference to fighting fires D. they did not spend enough money on fire equipment 2. It can be inferred from the passage that______. A. fire safety lessons should not be aimed only at American children B. American children have not received enough education of fire safety lessons C. Japan is better equipped with fire equipment than the United States D. America's large population leads to more fires 3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. There has been no great fire in the USA in recent 40 years that leads to high death rate. B. There have been several great fires in the USA in recent 40 years that lead to high death rate. C. There has been only one great fire in the USA in recent 40 years that led to high death rate. D. The fire in Kentucky in 1977 made only a few people killed. KEY: BAC
Nuclear power's( 核能的 ) danger to health, safety, and even life itself can be described in one word; radiation(辐 射). Nuclear radiation has a certain mystery about it, partly because it cannot be detected (探测) by human senses. It can't be seen or heard, or touched or tasted, even though it may be all around us. There are other things like that. For example, radio waves are all around us but we can't
detect them, sense them, without a radio receiver. Similarly, we can't sense radioactivity without a radiation detector. But unlike common radio waves, nuclear radiation is not harmless to human beings and other living things. At very high levels, radiation can kill an animal or human being outright by killing masses of cells (细胞) in important organs (器官). But even the lowest levels can do serious damage. There is no level of radiation that is completely safe. If the radiation does not hit anything important, the damage may not be significant. This is the case when only a few cells are hit, and if they are killed outright. Your body will replace the dead cells with healthy ones. But if the few cells are only damaged, and if they reproduce themselves, you may be in trouble. They reproduce themselves in an unusual way. They can grow into cancer. Sometimes this does not show up for many years. This is another reason for some of the mystery about nuclear radiation. Serious damage can be done without the knowledge of the person at the time that damage has occurred. A person can be irradiated(放射治疗) and feel fine, then die of cancer five, ten, or twenty years later as a
result. Or a child can be born weak or easy to get serious illness as a result of radiation absorbed by its
grandparents. Radiation can hurt us. We must know the truth. 1. According to the passage, the danger of nuclear power lies in __________. A. nuclear mystery B. radiation detection C. radiation level D. nuclear radiation 2. Radiation can lead to serious results even at the lowest level ________. A. when it kills few cells B. if it damages few cells C. though the damaged cells can repair themselves D. unless the damaged cells can reproduce themselves 3. Radiation can hurt us in the way that it can _____. A. kill large numbers of cells in main organs so as to cause death immediately B. damage cells which may grow into cancer years later C. affect the healthy growth of our younger generation
D. lead to all of the above results 4. Which of the following can be best inferred from the passage? A. The importance of protection from radiation cannot be overemphasized (过分强调). B. The mystery about radiation remains unsolved. C. Cancer is mainly caused by radiation. D. Radiation can hurt those who do not know about its danger. KEY: 1- 4 DBDA
Today is the date of that afternoon in April a year ago when I first saw the strange and attractive doll（玩具娃娃） in the window of Abe Sheftel's toy shop on Third Avenue near Fifteenth Street, just around the corner from my office, where the plate on the door reads. Dr Samuel Amory. I remember just how it was that day: the first sign of spring floated across the East River, mixing with the soft - coal
smoke from the factories and the street smells of the poor neighbourhood. As I turned the corner on my way to work and came to Sheftel's, I was made once more known of the poor collection of toys in the dusty window, and I remembered the coming birthday of a small niece of mine in Cleveland, to whom I was in the habit of sending small gifts. Therefore, I stopped and examined the window to see if there might be anything suitable, and looked at the collection of unattractive objects--a red toy fire engine, some lead soldiers, cheap baseballs, bottles of ink, pens, yellowed envelopes, and advertisements for soft - drinks. And thus it was that my eyes finally came to rest upon the doll stored away in one corner, a doll with the strangest, most charming expression on her face. I could not wholly make her out, due to the shadows and the film of dust through which I was looking, but I was sure that a deep impression had been made upon me as though I had run into a person, as one does sometimes with a stranger, with whose personality one is deeply impressed. 1. What made an impression on the author? A. The doll's unusual face.
B. The collection of toys. C. A stranger he met at the store. D. The beauty and size of the doll. 2. Why does the author mention his niece? A. She likes dolls. B. The doll looks like her. C. She lives near Sheftel's. D. He was looking for a gift for her. 3. Why did the writer go past Sheftel's? A. He was on his way to school. B. He was looking for a present for his niece. C. He wanted to buy some envelopes. D. None of the above is right. 4. The story takes place in the ______. A. early summer B. early spring C. midsummer D. late spring
KEY: 1-5 ADDB
Technology is the application ( 应 用 )of knowledge to production. Thanks to modern technology, we have been able to increase greatly the efficiency of our work force. New machines and new methods have helped cut down time and expense while increasing overall output. This has meant more production and a higher standard of living. For most of us in America, modern technology is thought of as the reason why we can have cars and television sets. However, technology has also increased the amount of food available (有用的)to us, by means of modern farming machinery and animalbreeding techniques, and has extended our life span via()medical technology. Will mankind continue to live longer and have a higher quality of life? In large measure the answer depends on technology and our ability to use it widely. If we keep making progress as we have over the past fifty years, the
answer is definitely yes. The advancement of technology depends upon research and development, and the latest statistics (统计) show that the united States is continuing to pump billions of dollars annually(每年) into such efforts. So while we are running out of some scarce resources (少 的资源) we may well find technological substitutes (代用品) for many of them through our research programs. Therefore, in the final analysis the three major factors of production (land, labor and capital) are all influenced by technology. When we need new skills on techniques in medicine, people will start developing new technology to meet those needs. As equipment proves to be slow or inefficient, new machines will be invented. Technology responds to our needs in helping us maintain our standard of living. 1. What is the best title for the passage? A. The definition of technology B. Modern technology C. The application of technology D. The development of technology
2. From the passage, we can infer that this article is probably _________. A. a part of the introduction to American business B. followed by the passage talking about factors of production C. taken from a learned journal D. Both A and B 3. Which is the main idea of the passage? A. Modern technology is the key to the improvement of standard of living. B. The three major factors of production-land, labor and capital are all influenced by technology. C. Technology is the response to our needs. D. The United States is making great efforts to advance its technology. 4. According to the passage, people can live a long life with the help of _________. A. higer quality of life B. medical technology
C. modem farming machinery D. technological substitute KEY: 1- 4BDAB
The volcano is one of the most surprising frightening forces of nature. Maybe you have seen pictures of these―fireworks‖of nature. Sometimes when a volcano erupts, a very large wall of melted rock moves down the side of a mountain. It looks like a ―river of tire.‖Sometimes volcanoes explode, throwing the melted rock and ashes(灰)high into the air. But where does this melted rock come from? The earth is made up of many layers(层). The top layer that we see is called the crust. Under the crust are many layers of hard rock. But far, far beneath the crust whose rock is so hot, that it is soft. In some places it even melts. The melted rock is called magma. Sometimes the magma
breaks out to the surface through cracks( 爆裂声)in the crust. These cracks are volcanoes. Most people think of mountains when they think of volcanoes. But not every mountain is a volcano. A volcano is simply the opening in the earth from which the magma escapes. The hot magma, or lava as it is called, cols and builds up on the surface of the earth. Over thousands of years, this pile of cooled lava can grow to be very, very big. For example, the highest mountain in Africa, Kilimanjaro, is a volcano. It towers more than 16,000 feet above the ground around it. 1.The underlined word―erupts‖means . A. moves down B. breaks away C. builds up D. suddenly throws out lava 2.Which words in the passage have the same meaning as ―melted rock‖? A.―Volcano‖and―explode‖. B.―Crust‖and―hard rock‖ C.―magma‖and―lava‖ D.―Volcano‖and―magma‖ 3.Which is the correct order of the layers of the earth(beginning with the top layer)?
A. crust-hard rock-magma-soft rock B. crust-hard rock- soft rock-magma C. magma-soft rock- hard rock-crust D. volcano-cracks-magma-crust 4.The best title(标题) of the passage should be u. A. The Volcano B. Kilimanjaro Volcano C. The Mountains D. The Melted Rock KEY: DCBA
WHERE TO STAY IN BOSWELL YOUR GUIDE TO OUR BEST HOTEL Name/AddressNo. Attractions FIRST HOTEL 222 Edward Road Tel.414-6433120＄25＄35Air-conditioned rooms, French restaurant, of RoomsSingleDoubleSpecial
Night club, Swimming-pool, Shops, Coffee shop and bar, Telephone, radio and TV in each room, Close to the city center FAIRVIEW HOTEL 129 North Road Tel.591-562050＄12＄18Close to the air-port, Telephone In each room, Bar, Restaurant, Garage, Swimming-pool ORCHARD HOTEL 233 Edward Road Tel.641-6646120＄15＄20Facing First hotel, European restaurant, Coffee shop, Dry-cleaning, Shops, tv, night-club OSAKA HOTEL
1264 Venning Road Tel.643-820180＄30＄50Air-Conditioned rooms, Japanese and Chinese restaurants, Shops, Swimming-pool, Large garden 1.The number of the rooms in the best hotels in Boswell is . A. 120 B. 470 C. 450 D. 240 2.If a Japanese traveler likes to eat in French restaurant, is the right place for him to go to. A. 233 Edward Road B. 1264 Venning Road C. 222 Edward Road D. 129 North Road 3.Which hotel faces the Orchard hotel? A. The First hotel. B. The Osaka hotel. C. The Fairview Hotel. D. No hotel. KEY: BCA
When I asked my daughter which item she would keep; the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said―the phone‖. Personally, I could do without the phone entirely, which makes me unusual. Because the telephone is changing our lives more than any other piece of technology. Point 1 The telephone creates the need to communicate, in the same way that more roads create more traffic. My daughter comes home from school at 4:00 pm and then spends an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to talk about? Point 2 The mobile phone means that we are never alone. ―The mobile saved my life,‖says Crystal Johnstone. She had an accident in her Volvo on the A45 between Otley and Skipton. Trapped inside, she managed to make the call that brought the ambulance(救护车) to her rescue. Point 3 The mobile removes our secret. It allows marketing manager of Haba Deutsch, Carl Nicolaisen, to ring his sales staff all round the world at and time of day to
ask where they are , where they are going, and how their last meeting went. Point 4 The telephone separates us. Antonella Bramante in Rome says, ―We worked in separate offices but I could see him through the window. It was easy to get his number. We were so near——but we didn‘t meet for the first two weeks!‖ Point 5 The telephone allows us to reach out beyond our own lives. Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously ( 同时地) on chat lines (at least my daughter does. I wouldn‘t know what to talk about). We can talk across the world. We can even talk to astronauts (if you know any) while they‘re space-walking. And, with the phone line hooked up to the computer, we can access(存取) the Internet, the biggest library on Earth. 1.How do you understand?Point 1 —The telephone creates the need to communicate,6…‘？ A. People don‘t communicate without telephone. B. People communicate because of the creating of the telephone.
C. People communicate more since telephone has been created. D. People communicate more because of more traffic. 2.Which of the following best shows people‘s attitude towards mobile phones? A. Mobile phones help people deal with the emergency. B. Mobile phones bring convenience as well little secret to people. C. Mobile phones are so important and should be encouraged. D. Mobile phones are part of people‘s life. 3. Which points do you think support the idea that phones improve people‘s life? a. Point 1. b. Point2. c. Point3. d. Point 4. e. Point 5. A. c, d B. a, e C. a, c D. b, e 4.It is possible to talk to several complete strangers simultaneously through . A. the TV screen B. a fax machine
C. the phone line hooked up to the computer D. a microphone 5.The best heading for the passage is . A. phone Power B. Kinds of Phone C. how to Use Phones D. Advantage of Phones KEY: 1–5 CBDCA
―It hurts me more than you‖, and ―This is for your own good‖—these are the statements my mother used to make years ago when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework. That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school. The schools and the educators made it easy for us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-alone policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them
calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to the teachers and went on vacation. Now teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their own pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we‘ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus who says of her students—―so passive‖—and wonders what has happened. Nothing is demanded of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children‘ s passivity. ―We‘ re talking about a generation of kids who‘ ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them, instead of saying ?go and look it up‘, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to a kid.‖ Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It‘ s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It‘ s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them but it‘ s for their own good. It‘s s time to start telling them no again. 1.Children are becoming more inactive in study because . A. they watch TV too often B. they have done too much homework
C. they have to fulfil too many duties D. teachers are too strict with them 2.We learn from the passage that the author‘s mother used to lay emphasis on . A. learning Latin B. discipline C. natural development D. education at school 3.By―permissive period in education‖(L.1,Para.2)the
author means a time . A. when children are allowed to do what they wish to B. when everything can be taught at school C. when every child can be educated D. when children are permitted to receive education 4. The main idea of the passage is that . A. parents should leave their children alone B. kids should have more activities at school C. it‘s time to be more strict with our kids D. parents should always set a good example to their kids KEY: 1- 4ABAC
高考英语阅读理解训练 100 篇(11－20) | 高考英语阅读训练（011）
The greatest recent changes have ,been in the lives of women ,During the twentieth century there was an unusual shortening of the time of a woman‘s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the 19th century would probably have been in her middle twenties ,and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old ,By the time the youngest was fifteen ,the mother would have been id her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years ,during which custom ,chance and health made it unusual for her to get paid work, Today women marry younger and have fewer children Usually a woman ?s youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty－ five and is likely to take paid work until retirement at sixty Even while she has the care of children ,her work is lightened by household appliances （ 家 用 电 器 ） and convenience foods.
This important change in women‘s way of life has only recently begun to have its full effect on women‘ s economic position Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity and most of them took a full －time job However ,when they married ,they usually left work at once and never returned to it ,Today the school－ leaving age is sixteen ,many girls stay at school after that age ,and though women tend to marry younger ,more married women stay at work at leas until shortly before their first child is born Very many more after wads ,return to full or part-time work Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage ,with both husband and wife accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfaction of family life, and with both husband and wife sharing more e-qually in providing the money and running the home ,according to the abilities and inter-est of each them. 1．According to the passage ,around the year1990 most women married A．at about twenty-five B．In their early fifties C．as soon as possible after they were fifteen
D．at any age from fifteen to forty－five 2．We are told that in an average family about1990 . A．many children died before they were five B．the youngest child would be fifteen C．seven of eight children lived to be more than five D．four of five children died when they were five. 3．When she was over fifty ,the late 19th century mother . A．would expect to work until she died B．was usually expected to take up paid employment C．would he healthy enough to take up paid employment. D．was unlikely to find a job even if she now likely. 4．Many girls ,the passage says ,are now likely to . A．marry so that they can get a job B．Leave school as soon as they can C．give up their jobs for good after they are married D．continue working until they are going to have a baby 5．According to the passage ,it is now quite usual for women to .
A．stay at hone after leaving school B．marry men younger than themselves C．start working again later in life D．Marry while still at school KEY: 1－5 ADDDC
Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners .Most children will―obey‖spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the
word―obey‖is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the
child .Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises. Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spo-ken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy
making noises ,and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly ex-pressive as delight, pain ,friendliness, and so on But since these can‘t be said to show the baby;s intention to communicate ,they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language ,It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment ,and that by six months theyare able to add new words to their store This self-imitation（摸仿） leads on to deliberate （有意的）imitation of sounds made or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imita-tions can be considered as speech. It is a problem we need to get out teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation; and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the world .Thus the use .at seven months .of ―mama‖as a greeting for his mother cannot be dismissed as a meaning-less sound simply because he also uses it at another times for his father ,his dog ,or any-thing else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child
has begun to speak for himself ,I doubt ,however whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds . 1．Before children start speaking . A．they need equal amount of listening B．they need different amounts of listening C．they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obey spoken instructions D ． they can‘t understand and obey the adult ?s oral instructions 2．Children who start speaking late . A．may have problems with their listening B．Probably do not hear enough language spoken around them C．Usually pay close attention to what they hear D．Often take a long tine in learning to listen properly 3．A baby‘s first noises are . A．an expression of his moods and feelings B．an early form of language
C．a sign that he means to tell you something D．An imitation of the speech of adults. 4． The problem of deciding at what point a baby‘ imitations can be considered as speech … A． is important because words have different meanings for different people B．is not especially important because the changeover takes place gradually C．is one that should be properly understood because the meaning of words changes with age. D ． Is one that should be completely ignored （忽略） because children‘s use of words is of-ten meaningless . 5．The speaker implies . A．parents can never hope to teach their children new sounds. B．children no longer imitate people after they begin to speak
C．Children who are good at imitating learn new words more quickly D．even after they have learnt to speak ,children still enjoy imitating KEY: 1-5 BDABD
This is John Roberts reporting from Cardiff The result of the match which finished at four this afternoon between France and Wales was a draw. Neither side scored .The Dutch referee（裁判）did not allow the one goal which France managed to kick The reason for this was that a French player was unfortunately off side .So both teams went home disap-pointed with the game They particularly admired the French forwards ,who were always fast and often threatened the Welsh defense .Once it looked as if the Welsh goalkeeper was in serious trouble. He dived to his right to save a shot from the French centre forward and crashed his head against the goal post ,A doctor
examined him and he soon began to play a-gain .Of course the large ,friendly crowd cheered for him Wales will certainly welcome an-other visit from this splendid team. 1．This passage is . A．a piece of sports news broadcast over radio B．a piece of sports news in a newspaper C．An advertisement about sports D．An assay about sports 2．The word ―draw‖in this passage means ? A．an act of puling B．Taking money from a bank C．a state in which neither side wins D．Making pictures with a pencil or a pen 3 ． Which of the following sentence is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A．The French team is a visiting team while the Welsh team is the home team.
B．The Welsh goalkeeper was brave and he didn‘t quit the match even after he had his head Seriously injured in the game. C．People liked the French forwards for they were very active on the field. D．A French player did kick a goal but the referee refused to admit it. KEY: 1-3 ACB
There are several ways you can find out about the countries and places you wish to visit .You can talk to friends who have travelled to the places. Or you can to and see a colour film Or you can read travel books. It would seem that there are three kinds of travel books The first are those that give a personal ,subjective （主观 的）account of travels which the author has actually made himself .if they are informative and have a good index （索 引）then they can be useful to you when you are planning
your travels .The second kind are those books whose purpose is to give a purely objective （客观的）description of things to be done and seen If a well-read ,cultured person has written such a book then it is even more useful .It can be sorted as a selected guide book The third kind are those books which are called―a guide‖to some place or other ,If they are good ,they will, in addition to their factual information ,give an analysis or an
explanation Like the first kind they can be inspiring and interesting .But their basic purpose is to help the reader who wishes to plan in the most practical way. Whatever kind of travel book you choose you must make sure that it does not describe everything as
―wonderful‖,―excellent‖or ―magical‖。You must also note its date of publi-cation because travel is a very practical affair and many things change quickly in the twenty –first century Finally ,you should make sure that the contents are well presented and easy to find. 1．This passage is about 。 A．how to travel B．how to buy travel books C．how to read a travel book D．travel books
2． The following travel books may be of use when you plan your travels except . A．the book written by some people who have had the same travel experience themselves B． the book which tells you what is worth doing and seeing based on the facts C．the book in which a lot of big adjectives are used to draw your attention D． the book which offers you a lot of useful information like a tour guide 3．The date of the publication must be noticed because . A．the world is changing and so are the places you are going to visit B．the price of the book is always changing C．the author of the book may be different D．the contents of the book are always the same KEY: 1-3 DCA
The United States is not the only country affected by the―computer revolution‖,All the major countries of the world have computers ,and the developing countries have also realized that computers play a big part in their economic development. Usually what one sees is a machine that looks like a typewriter ;it is called a computer terminal （终端） But computers are also used in unseen ways For example they determine how much tine there should be between traffic signals to prevent traffic problems and to keep millions of cars moving in an orderly flow When you buy a car ,a factory process （过程） that is controlled by a computer enables you to obtain a car with your own choice of colours and special features （特征） in just a few weeks‘ time In medical laboratories ,com-puters have reduced the mistakes in testing ,and they have saved doctors‘ countless hours of work Before long ,medical histories of all Americans will be kept in computer ―banks‖.If a person becomes ill far from his home ,local doctors will be able to get his medical record
immediately ,In science the computer has performed in
thousands of hours of work by human hands and minds. Most experts agree that computers are necessary to solve the problems of increasing population ,city living ,and public affairs Without computers, the jobs of solving these problems would require millions of workers to do tons of paperwork Before any computer can work on any problem, it must be told what to do Someone must program the computer ,step―by―step. At first this was done by having the programmer write out his instructions in the form of numbers which would be―understood‖by the
machine ,Within a short time, attempts were made to perform a system that would enable humans to communicate programmer could use words that had meanings for him ,and another program in the ma-chine would translate the words into the computer‘s number system. Without special training ,in is impossible to under stand exactly how a computer does int work however ,many people without scientific training use computers in their daily lives .In some American schools for example young
children are being taught by comput-ers for part of the school day. The use of computers in school has worried some Americans There are those who fear is will remove human element（成分） from teacher-student relationships .On the other hand there are educators who consider computer program a valuable means of freeing teachers from the more boring and tiring tasks ,thus enabling them to spend more time with a single student. In education ,as in business and industry science and medicine ,computers play an important part in almost every type of operation the future will bring major advances in computer technology ,which will aid man in his efforts to improve the world. 1． Operators of computers should give instructions to work in the form of program . A．young children B．Experienced operators C．Common readers D．Scientists in the computer field 2． Operators of computers should give instructions to work in the form of program .
A．which are introduced in turn into computers B．Through which computers could process―language‖ C．Which could tell computers what to do and how to do D．All of the above 3． The arguments for computer program used in education were that . A．computers like toys would attract much attention of school children B．there are lots of buttons which you can press for doing anything at your will C ． computer program would take the place of
teachers ,turning a school into a computer world D． Computers could give teachers the opportunity to spare time to deal with students respectively. 4． Which of the following best express the main idea of this passage? A ． The world will enjoy the beautiful picture of the computers.
B．Computer technology will change the human life C．Computer would work freely in the future D．Computer would work with a great memory－storage and at highest speed. KEY: 1－4 BDAB
Advertising is a highly developed twentieth-century industry. The development of radio, television, cinema, magazines and newspapers has gone hand in hand with the development of advertising. Why is advertising so popular? Is it a waste of money? It has been proved again and again that ?repeated advertising increases product sales. Since it increases production, the price can be reduced. Therefore advertising, instead of making a product more expensive, makes it cheaper. Advertising is now a scientific business. Once managers would say jokingly, " I know that half of what I spend on advertising is wasted, but I don't know which half." Now,
all parts of an advertising programme are properly measured and researched. What makes a good advertisement? There have been major changes in advertising in the past sixty years.. People read advertisements partly for information and partly for pleasure. Today's advertisements often start with a question, or a puzzle, with the purpose of attracting the reader's attention. Of course, most advertisements contain information. But this is usually contained in a text that is interesting and often funny. Humour is very important. Sometimes advertisements tell a story, or the story may be continued over a number of advertisements. However, there is a danger in this. It is possible that the reader or viewer will remember the advertisement but not the name of the product. 1. The purpose of advertising is ____. A. to increase product sales B. to make a product much better C. to spend more money D. to reduce the production
2. Which of the following can be used in place of the underlined phrase "hand in hand" ? A. Here and there. B. Again and again. C. As usual. D. At the same time. 3. What is meant by what managers said in the second paragraph? A. A11 the money on advertising was wasted. B. Not all the advertisements were well designed. C.A11 the managers knew about advertising then. D. Managers spent no money on advertising. 4. What does the writer think of advertising? A. Useless. B. Unnecessary. C. Important. D. Wasteful. KEY: 1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C
Three men ran after a robber into East Putney Station, London, after he hit and kicked an old woman, but were
turned back at the gate because they had no tickets. This was what the Central Court stated this morning. They were refused the use of a telephone to call the police, so they bought platform tickets. When they went into the station, they caught the robber, a youth of 21. One of the men had to go outside to make a 999 call. Mr Justice Stevenson said the incident ought to be brought to the attention of the railway officials. He sent the robber to prison for five years. Terry Tailor earlier had admitted his attack to Mrs Percy, aged 67, with the purpose of robbing her. 1. What did the three men want to do inside the station? A. To catch the train. B. To help Mrs Percy. C. To catch the robber. D. To escape from the police. 2. Which of the following is the right order according to the story? a. They were stopped at the gate. b. An old lady was attacked near a railway station. c. Three men ran after the robber in order to catch him. d. He was sent to prison for five years,
e. The robber admitted he had attacked the old lady. A. b, a, c, d, e B. b, c, a, e, d C. b, c, a, d, e D. a, b, c, d, e 3. According to the judge, _____ ought to have a good thinking about the incident. A. railway officials B. the policemen C. Mrs Percy D. Terry Tailor 4. Where do you think this passage might be taken from ? A. A magazine . B. A diary. C. A story book. D. A newspaper. KEY: 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D
Learning online should make use of a number of Internet tools: e-mail lets you exchange letters between continents very cheaply and almost immediately. Large groups of people can share their discussions by using electronic lists to send every letter to everyone on the list. Electronic magazines bring you up-to-date topics, such as news, arts,
and sports. Search engines allow you to look for anything you want on the Internet, including the holdings of major libraries. In a chat room you can have a real-time written talk. Audio and video bring the world to your computer -— you can listen to the world's radio stations, watch the evening news from another continent. And in an online conference you can even talk to your teacher and fellow students abroad. Do you have e-mail? How much do you communicate with your friends over the Internet? Internet, the newest child in technology, is like a modern communication highway. It's also a kind of super-shop, almost anything you can buy in a store -— you can get it through Internet, without leaving home at all. 1. What is the passage mainly about? A. Internet. B. Radio stations. C. Magazines. D. Libraries. 2. What is the quickest and cheapest way of getting in touch with your friend abroad? A. By telegraph. B. By air-mail. C. By e-mail. D. By telephone.
3. Which of the following will you choose if you want to hold a meeting over the Internet? A. Chat room. B. Search engines. C. Online conference. D. Electronic lists. 4. Where does the writer suggest we might work? A. In the office. B. At home. C. At the library. D. In the store. KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. B
Flying Saucers In 1947 the pilot of a small aeroplane saw nine strange objects in the sky over Washing-ton in the USA. He said that they looked like saucers. Newspapers printed his story un-der the headline "Flying Saucers". Since then, all over the world, people have reported seeing similar strange objects. No one knows what they are or where they come from. Some people say that they
do not exist, but many others say that they have seen them. Usually people on the ground have seen them but not always. Airline pilots also have reported seeing them and so have astro-nauts ── the men who fly in spaceships. Perhaps some people saw them only in their imagination. Perhaps some people made a mistake. But airline pilots and astro-nauts do not usually make mistakes of this kind. Captain Ed Mitchell, who was the sixth man to walk on the moon, said in 1974 that he believes that some "flying saucers" are real. Many other people now believe that these strange flying objects are visiting the earth from other worlds in space. "They have come to look at us," they say. The American government tried to find out more about these objects. It listened to a great many people who said they had seen them. But the Government Committee could not decide on what the objects were. It called them UFOs, which is short for "Unidentified Flying Objects". Some say they have seen people in the fly-ing saucers! In 1964, a driver of a police car in New Mexico saw a UFO
landing a mile away. When he reached it, there were two small figures standing near it. They looked like little men. When he reported on his radio, they got inside the object and flew away. In 1973 two men were out fishing in Mississippi. They say they saw a UFO shaped like an egg. There were three creatures like men but their skins were silver in colour. They had no eyes, and their mouths were just slits (裂缝). Their noses and ears were pointed. They made the fishermen get inside the UFO for a while. Then the creatures photographed them and took them to the place where they had been fishing. There are many other similar stories. Some are probably untrue but some may be true. No one knows. 1. ___ took pictures of the two fishermen. A. The creatures in a UFO B. A driver of a police car C. A pilot of a plane D. Captain Ed Mitchell 2. The American government tried to ____.
A. look for the flying objects B. know where the objects come from C. learn more about UFOs D. report more about UFOs 3. According to the passage, the name "flying saucers" was first used by ____. A. a pilot of a small plane B. an official in Washington C. an editor of a newspaper D. the man who flies in saucers 4. The purpose of this passage is to tell us _. A. the shape of UFOs B. how to observe UFOs C. the danger of UFOs D. what we know about UFOs 5. It is implied in the passage that the author A. does not believe at all about the exis-tence of UFOs B. believes that UFOs are real objects flying in the sky C. is not sure whether there are UFOs or not D. thinks UFOs come from other planets
Key: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. D 5. C
Britons Learn to Forgive LEEDS, England ─ A Leeds University psychology (心理 学 ) professor is teaching a course to help dozens of Britons forgive their enemies. "The hatred we hold within us is a can-cer," Professor Ken Hart said, adding that holding in anger can lead to problems such as high blood pressure and heart disease. More than 70 people have become mem-bers in Hart's first 20-week workshop in Lon-don ─ a course he says is the first of its kind in the world. These are people who are sick and tired of living with a memory. They realize their bitterness is a poison they think they can pour out, but they end up drinking it themselves, said Canadian-born Hart.
The students meet in groups of eight to ten for a two-hour workshop with an adviser every fortnight. The course, ending in July, is expected to get rid of the cancer of hate in these peo-ple. "People have lots of negative attitudes to-wards forgiveness," he said. "People confuse ( 把 …… 混 淆 ) forgiveness with forgetting. Forgiveness means changing from a negative attitude to a positive one." Hart and his team have created instruc-tions to provide the training needed. "The main idea is to give you guidelines on how to look at various kinds of angers and how they affect you, and how to change your attitudes towards the person you are angry with," said Norman Claringbull, a senior expert on the forgiveness project. Hart said he believes forgiveness is a skill that can be taught, as these people "want to get free of the past". 1. From this passage we know that ______. A. high blood pressure and heart disease are caused by hatred
B. high blood pressure can only be cured by psychology professors C. without hatred, people will have less trouble connected with blood and heart D. people who suffer from blood pressure and heart disease must have many enemies 2. If you are angry with somebody, you should A. try your best to defeat him or her B. never meet him or her again C. persuade him or her to have a talk with you D. relax yourself by not thinking of him or her any more 3. In Hart's first 20-week workshop, people there can ___. A. meet their enemies B. change their minds C. enjoy the professor's speech D. learn how to quarrel with others 4. If you are a member in Hart' s workshop, you'll ______. A. pay much money to Hart
B. go to the workshop every night C. attend a gathering twice a month D. pour out everything stored in your mind 5. The author wrote this passage in order to A. persuade us to go to Hart's workshop B. tell us the news about Hart's workshop C. tell us how to run a workshop like Hart's D. help us to look at various kinds of angers Key: 1. C 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. B
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