选修 6 Unit 基础操练
The power of nature
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The story (使兴奋)the little boy very much. 2. On hot days we often go (洗澡) in the river. 3. I can’t (评价) his abi
lity without seeing his work. 4. I got into a (惊慌) when I found the door was locked. 5. They studied the German market to find the (可能性) there for investment. 6. It was a cold, wet day and the children were b . 7. It’s many years since Mount Vesuvius e . 8. He drew f animals with two heads and large wings. 9. I’m a to get home to open my presents. 10. They had to c tomorrow’s football match because of the bad weather. Ⅱ. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 1. (compare) with other methods, this one is relatively more effective. 2. I could easily imagine her (regard) him as a man of fine quality. 3. His habit is (listen) to some news in the morning. 4. (not receive) her letter for a long time, I phoned her to see what was wrong. 5. (accept) as a member of the company, he took over the job of the former secretary. Ⅲ. 翻译句子 1. 你的训练将使得你能够胜任将来的工作。 2. 我正要睡觉，这时电话铃响了。 3. 他夹着一本厚书，离开了图书馆。 4. 价格随户型而有所变化。 5. 她极为崇拜你。
Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Although different in many ways, the British and the Americans many of the same customs. A. make B. take C. share D. give 2. Charles Babbage is generally considered the first computer. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented
3. the problem may be, we must solve it ourselves. A. Whatever difficult B. How difficult C. However difficult D. No matter what difficult 4. Dark glasses are sometimes worn to the eyes from strong sunlight. A. prevent B. care C. defend D. protect 5. Always acting in a strange manner, Einstein must have to people around to be mad. A. appeared B. showed C. thought D. imagined 6. Though the girl to learn Japanese, she couldn’t catch up with her classmates. A. made effort B. made all her efforts C. took every effort D. gave her efforts 7. Mr Green thinks that, the situation would have got worse. A. if not dealing with carefully B. if having nor dealt with C. if not having been dealt with carefully D. if having not been dealt with carefully 8. Mr Smith was flight to New York he remembered he had taken all the family’s keys to the doors with him. A. at; while B. on; when C. at a; when D. on a; when 9. Jumping out of airplane at ten thousand feet is quite exciting experience. A. /; the B. /; an C. an; an D. the; the 10. I thought Mr Smith has been to get back to work. A. so well B. so good C. well enough D. good enough Ⅴ. 阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 The kids at Shute Country Primary School in Devon are surprisingly quiet when it’ s time to go home in the afternoon. Instead of the usual shouting and running you can hear them asking each other, “Are the lights all off?” ， “Shall we check the taps in case they are dripping?”, “How many paper towels did we use today?” But it’s not unusual here. The kids have declared a war on waste. “We’ve never made the children do anything,” explains Liz Templar, the school’ s head teacher. “They came up with all the ideas themselves. They’re doing this because they want to.” If you take a look around the school you won ’ t see anything thrown away unnecessarily. Everything is collected and reused, or sent to be recycled. Shute School started its green revolution two years ago. They looked carefully at every part of school life—from the teaching to the cleaning. They looked at the way stationery(文具)was used especially photocopying, the way cleaning was carried out, and how food was used and wasted! Even parents were looked at: how many children came in each car? Did they use
unleaded(不含铅的) petrol? Could they bring more children in fewer cars? High on the list was the waste of paper. Next came unfriendly cleaning products. Paper towels were replaced with recycled paper. But the hardest thing for the kids was when they found out how much rubbish was created by the chocolate, crisps and other snacks eaten at lunch time. Of their own accord（自愿的）, the children gave them up. Now they bring apples and home-made snacks. The school has its own garden where they grow vegetables and flowers so that they can learn about the environment. They also use this area for their recycling store —large containers to collect aluminum, bottles, paper and fabric（织物）. Even the school’s play area is made from recycled things. Since the children started, the school ’ s heating and lighting bills have fallen obviously and the number of rubbish bags has gone down from seven a week to two or three. Everywhere in Shute School there are bright posters asking everyone to take their rubbish home, to save energy and paper and to keep the green flag flying. 1. Which of the following BEST describes the writer’s idea? A. The pupils at Shute School are fighting against pollution. B. The pupils at Shute School are learning to save things. C. The pupils at Shute School have declared a war on waste. D. The pupils at Shute School have found a way to recycle waste things. 2. Children at Shute Country Primary School bring apples and home made snacks to school in order to . A. create less rubbish B. save money C. obey the school’s rules D. keep their promise 3. We can infer from the text that “green revolution” means . A. beautifying schoolyard B. activity against waste C. planting green plants D. throwing away waste 4. What do the children think creates the most waste? A. Paper towels. B. Cleaning products. C. Snacks. D. Paper. 5. We can learn from the text that the children’s behaviour . A. has brought arguments B. has saved the school’s cost C. was against their parents D. was forced by their head teacher Ⅵ. 写作 你们学校正在开展创建和谐校园系列活动，其中包括“做文明学生，创和谐校园”英语演 讲比赛，请根据以下要点准备一篇演讲稿，参加该活动。 1. 文明行为使校园和谐，也是学生高素质的体现； 2. 文明行为：讲礼貌，有爱心； 维护校园环境，爱护一草一木； 勤奋学习，遵守校规 ……
注意：1. 词数：120—150 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头与结尾已给出，但不计入总词数； 4. 参考词汇： 文明行为 civilized behaviours;和谐 harmony (n.) Good afternoon, teachers and students．I feel honored to make a speech here．The title is “Be a Civilized Student, Construct a Harmonious School” ．
That’s all. Thank you!
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. excited 2. bathing 3. evaluate 4. panic 5. potential 6. bored 7. erupted 8. fantastic 9. anxious 10. cancel Ⅱ. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 1. Compared 2. regarding 3. listening 4. Not having received 5. Having been accepted Ⅲ. 翻译句子 1. Your training will equip you for your future job. 2. I was about to go to bed, when the telephone rang. 3. He left the library, a thick book under his arm. 4. Prices vary according to the type of the room. 5. She absolutely admires you.
Ⅳ. 单项填空 1. 解析：选 C。词义辨析题。share 的意思是“共有” ，其他答案没有此意。 2. 解析：选 C。考查非谓语动词的完成时。consider doing sth.和 consider sb. to do sth. 是固定搭配。在本题中用完成时表示非谓语动词的动作发生在谓语动词前。 3. 解析：选 C。句意为：不管问题有多难，我们都要独立解决。difficult 为形容词，因此 用 how 修饰，表示程度。however 在这里没有转折的意思，相当于 no matter how，因此答案
为 C。 4. 解析： 选 D。 考查固定搭配。 protect ...from 意为 “保护……不受伤害” ； prevent ...from 意为“阻止……发生” 。 5. 解析：选 A。句意为：举止怪异，爱因斯坦给周围的人留下疯子的印象。show 表现；think 认为；imagine 想象,都是及物动词，因此均不符合题意。 6. 解析：选 B。make all one s efforts 为固定搭配，意思是“尽某人全力” 。 7. 解析： 选 C。 句中插入的条件状语从句为省略句， 是现在分词完成时被动式的否定形式。 否 定语应置于分词之前。 8. 解析：选 D。考查介词短语 on a flight，表示“在飞行中” ；同时又考查了“...when ...” 结构，表示“就在这时” 。when 在本题中的意思相当于 and just then，不可以用其他词代替。 9. 解析：选 C。第一空用 an 表达一类，第二空用 an 表达“一次（兴奋的经历） ” 。 10. 解析：选 C。考查固定搭配。enough to do 意思是“足够……以至于” ；well 在这里是形 容词，指“身体好” ；good 也是形容词，但不合题意。 Ⅴ. 阅读理解 1. 解析：选 C。主旨大意题。选项 C 不仅体现在作者的行文中，而且在原文第二段作者的评 论中直接出现了这句话。 2. 解析：选 A。细节理解题。由文中第七段可知，由于学生们在午餐时大量使用纸制的餐具， 导致学校内垃圾成山。为了减少垃圾，孩子们都自带水果及家里做的小吃。 3. 解析：选 B。推理判断题。结合文章主题可以看出，学校是在净化校园环境，掀起了一场 “绿色革命” 。 4. 解析：选 D。细节理解题。从第七段开头的“High on the list was waste of paper”可 以看出答案。 5. 解析：选 B。推理判题题。从文章的最后几段可以看出，孩子们做的事情节省了学校的开 支。 Ⅵ. 写作 One possible version: Good afternoon, teachers and students．I feel honored to make a speech here．The title is “Be a Civilized Student, Construct a Harmonious School”. As everybody knows, civilized behaviours are of great importance for a student． They not only show our good qualities but also make ourselves enjoy the harmony of school life, in which we can gain a better result of study． How can we develop civilized behaviours? The first important thing we should do is to be a student with good scores and a student always ready to help people in need．Besides, we should keep the school environment clean. Never destroy the plants in our school, such as flowers, trees and grass. Most importantly, we should remember hard working and obeying the school rules make up the most necessary civilized behaviours as a student． That’s all．Thank you!
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