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高中英语动词时态语态复习讲解


高中英语时态语态讲解
1、一般现在时 主要用来表示人、事物的现在状况和特点;表示经常或习惯性的 动作;表示客观规律和永恒真理;按照计划安排好了将要发生的动作(一般指时 刻表)等 He usually goes to w ork at 7 o’clock every morning. The train to Shanghai leaves at 7am. 考点一:表示永

恒的真理,即使出现在过去的语境中,仍用一般现在时。如: I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary school. 考点二:在时间、方式、让步和条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时;常用的引导 词有:时间:when, until, after, before, as soon as, once, the moment/the minute, the day; 条件:if, unless, provided. If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon. 只要他努力工作, 我不介意他什么时候做完试验。 2、现在进行时 表说话时或目前一段时间内正在进行的活动;或表感情色彩,加强语气。与频率 副词,如 always,constantly,continually,again 等连用表示说话人的某种 感情色彩(赞叹、厌烦、埋怨等) 。 We are having English class. The house is being built these days.

3、现在完成时 (1)非延续动作:动作发生在过去,对现在有影响。 (2)延续性动作:动作和 状态的持续。现在完成时有一些标志性的时间状语: 考点一:for + 时间段;since + 时间点 They have lived in Beijing for five years. They have lived in Beijing since 1995. 考点二:常见的不确定的时间状语:lately; recently, just, already, yet, up to now; till now; so far, these days, Has it stopped raining yet ? 考点三:在表示“最近几世纪 / 年/ 月以来……”时间状语中,谓语动词用现在完 成时。 in the past;over the past; during the last 等 考点四:表示“第几次做某事,”或在 “It is the best (worst, most interesting ) +名词 +that” 后面,主句是一般现在时态时,从句用现在完成时。 This is my first time that I have visited China. This is the most interesting film I have ever seen. 4.一般过去时 表在过去某个特定时间发生且完成的动作,或过去习惯性动作,不强调对现在的 影响,只说明过去。常跟明确的过去时间连用, 注意: 考点一:used to + do,表示过去经常但现在已不再维持的习惯动作。 Look out be/become/get used to + doing,表示习惯于 He used to smoke a lot. He has got used to getting up early. 考点二:在时间和条件状语从句中,代替过去将来时。 He promised to buy me a computer if he got a raise 5. 过去进行时

The little boy is always making trouble. 考点一:在时间状语或条件状语从句中表示将来正在进行的动作。 when you are crossing the street. Don't wake him up if he is still sleeping at 7 tomorrow morning. 考点二: 表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作(这时多有表示将来的时间状 语) 。 Marry is leaving on Friday.

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表示过去某个时间点或某段时间内正在发生的动作。 The boy was doing his homework when his father came back from work. He was taking a walk leisurely by the lake when he heard someone shouted for help. 6. 过去完成时 表示过去某个时间之前已经完成的动作,即过去完成时的动作发生在 “过去的过 去 ” ,句中有明显的参照动作或时间状语,这种时态从来不孤立使用。 They finished earlier than we had expected. 也可表示截止过去的某个时间动作的完成,一般有 by+表示过去的时间 We had finished the project by the end of last month. 考点一:用于 hardly/scarcely...when; no sooner ...than 句型中,主句用过去 完成时,从句用一般过去时。 I had hardly finished my work when he came to see me. 考点二:表示“第几次做某事”,主句用过去时,从句用过去完成时。 That was the second time that she had seen her grandfather. 考点三:动词 hope, expect, think, intend, mean, want, suppose, plan 用过 去完成时,表示未实现的愿望、打算和意图。 I had intended to see you but I was too busy. 7. 一般将来时 表在将来某个时间会发生的动作或情况。常和表示将来的时间状语连用。 考点一:某些表示短暂性动作的动词如 arrive, come, go, leave, start 等,用现 在进行时形式表示将来。 I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow. 考点二:“祈使句 + and/or + 句子”,这种结构中 and 后面的句子谓语用一般将 来时。Use your head and you will find a way. 考点三:“am (is, are) going to + 动词原形”,表示打算要做的事或可能要发生 的事。

“am (is, are) about to + 动词原形”表示按照预定计划或打算准备着手进行的动 作,不与表示将来的时间状语一起使用。 “am (is, are) to + 动词原形”表示必须、必然或计划将要做的事。 They are to be married in this May. 8、将来进行时 表将来某个时间正在发生的动作。 I’ll be doing my homework this time tomorrow. 明天这会我正在写作业。 9、将来完成时 表在将来某时刻之前业已完成的事情,时间状语非常明显。 考点一:常用的时间状语一般用 by+将来的时间 By the end of next month, he will have traveled 1000 miles on foot. 考点二:在时间和条件状语从句中,将来完成时则由现在完成时表示。 The children will do their homework the moment they have arrived back from school. 10.现在完成进行时态 一个动作始于过去并持续到现在, 并强调现在还在进行, 也有可能还会持续下去。 She has been reading the novel since 9 am. before.) 11. 动词的语态考点一:不能用于被动语态的动词和词组 come true, consist of, take place, happen, become, rise, occur, belong, break out, appear, arrive, die, fall, last, exist, fail, succeed 考点二: 下列动词的主动语态表示被动意义, 而且常与 well, quite, easily, badly 等副词连用。 lock ; wash; sell; read; wear; write;break Glass breaks easily. 玻璃容易破碎。 The case locks easily. 这箱子很好锁。 (She has read the novel

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The book sells well. 这本书很畅销。 考点三:一些常用经典被动句型: It is said…, It is reported…, It is widely believed…, It is expected…, It is estimated…, 这些句子一般翻译为“据说……”,“人们认为……”, 而 “以前人们认为……” 则应该说:It was believed…, It was thought

and believed she wasn’t ever going to find it. A.had cried; lost B.cried; had lost lost 7.—Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor? —Of course.What is it? —I ________ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. A.had wondered wonder B.was wondering C.would wonder D.did C.has cried; has lost D.cries; has

1.—You haven’t said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it? —I’m sorry I ________ anything about it sooner.I certainly think it’s pretty on you. A.wasn’t saying B.don’t say C.won’t say D.didn’t say

8. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he ________ from the university next year. A.will graduate graduate 9. I feel it is your husband who ________for the spoiled child. A.is to blame B.is going to blame C.is to be blame D.should B.will have graduated C.graduates D.is to

2. I wonder why Jenny ________us recently.We should have heard from her by now. A.hasn’t written written 3.—When will you come to see me,Dad? —I will go to see you when you ________ the training course. A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing D.finish 4.—How long ________ at this job? A.were you employed —Since 1990. B.doesn’t write C.won’t write D.hadn’t

blame 10.He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still ________. A.has been B.does C.has D.is 11.If city noises ________ from increasing,people ________ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now. A.are not kept; will have to C.do not keep; will have to B.are not kept; have to D.do not keep; have to

B.have you been employed D.will you be employed

C.had you been employed

5. By the end of last year,another new gymnasium ________ in Beijing. A.would be completed C.has been completed B.was being completed D.had been completed

12.The price ________,but I doubt whether it will remain so. A.went down down 13.—How long ________ each other before they ________ married? B.will go down C.has gone down D.was going

6. The little girl ________her heart out because she ________ her toy bear

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—For about a year. A.have they known; get C.do they know; are going to get B.did they know; get D.had they known; got

A.has written

B.wrote

C.had written

D.was writing

22.—Have you got your test result? —Not yet.The papers ________. A.are not correcting D.is painting D.I don’t B.have not corrected D.have already been corrected

14.You can’t move in right now.The house ________. A.has painted A.I’m not noticing notice 16.The reporter said that the UFO ________ east to west when he saw it. A.was traveling travel 17. Mrs. Wu told me that her sister___________. A. left about two hours before before C. has left about two hours ago D. had left about two hours before B. would leave about two hours B.traveled C.had been traveling D.was to B.is painted C.is being painted 15.—Hey,look where you are going!—Oh,I’m terribly sorry.________. B.I wasn’t noticing C.I haven’t noticed

C.are still being corrected

23.See the clouds! It ________ rain! A.will B.is going to C.must D.certainly

24.Do I have to take this medicine? It ________ so terrible. A.tastes B.is tasting C.is tasted D.has tasted

25.A storm ________ by a calm. A.is often being followed C.is often followed B.was often followed

D.has often been followed

26. The telephone ________ four times in the last hour,and each time it ________ for my roommate. A.has rung; was been 27.—Do you know when Tom ________ from abroad? —Perhaps it will be a long time before he ________. A.will come; will come C.will come; comes B.comes; will come D.comes; comes C.haven’t heard D.won’t hear B.has been ringing; is C.had rung; was D.rang; has

18.I turned around and saw everybody ________ at a man who ________ loudly in a foreign language. A.was staring; was shouting C.staring; shouting B.was staring; shouting

D.stared; shouted

19.Henry remained silent for a moment.He ________. A.thought B.had thought C.was thinking D.was thought 20.We would like to go and thank him ourselves,but we ________ out his address yet. A.haven’t found B.hadn’t found C.didn’t find D.don’t find 21.Shirley ________ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished.

28.My uncle said that he would telephone but I ________ from him so far. A.didn’t hear B.hadn’t heard

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