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英语:Module 6《The World’s culture heritage》课件(2)(外研版选修7)


Module 6 Book VII

The World’s ’ Cultural Heritage
外语教学与研究出版社

Module 6 Book VII Grammar

Subjunctive
外语教学与研究出版社

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在: 虚拟语气在:在宾语从句中
1、记住:这些动词后面接的宾语从句:表示愿望 、记住:这些动词后面接的宾语从句:表示愿望 ( wish), 建议 建议(suggest, advice, propose, recommend) ,要求 要求(demand, request, require, insist), 命令 命令(order, command)等。 等 2、 wish外 其它动词用should 2、除wish外,其它动词用should + do 构成, 构成, should 可以省略。 可以省略。 3、 wish接宾语从句有三种情况: 接宾语从句有三种情况: 、 接宾语从句有三种情况 1) 现在:用过去式 现在: 2) 过去:用过去完成式 (had done) 过去: 3) 将来:用情态动词 将来:用情态动词(would / could) + do

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在: 虚拟语气在:在宾语从句中 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I wish she would be on my side. I wish I were 30 years younger. I wish (that) you would get a good job. He wished he hadn‘t done it. hadn‘ He ordered that the students wash the clothes every week by themselves.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在: 虚拟语气在:在宾语从句中
4、记住:insist / suggest 各有两种意思,要用不同的语气 、记住: 各有两种意思, Insist 表示“坚决要求”时,用虚拟形式,即 should + do; 表示“坚决要求” 用虚拟形式, Insist 表示“坚称,坚持说”时,用陈述语气,表示事实。 表示“坚称,坚持说” 用陈述语气,表示事实。 Suggest 表示“建议”时,用虚拟形式。 表示“建议” 用虚拟形式。 Suggest 表示“表明、暗示”时,用陈述语气。 表示“表明、暗示” 用陈述语气。 1) The teacher suggested that we (should) clean the blackboard after class. 2) He insisted that all of us should be there on time by any means. 3) He insisted that he was right.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在: 虚拟语气在:在宾语从句中
5. 在would (had) rather(宁愿 引导的宾语从句中 宁愿) 宁愿 当从句表示现在或将来的时间时,谓语动词要 当从句表示现在或将来的时间时 谓语动词要 用一般过去时; 表示过去时间时,谓语动词要用过 用一般过去时 表示过去时间时 谓语动词要用过 去完成时。 去完成时。 I would rather he came tomorrow than today.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在 在主语从句中 在句型 “It is important (necessary, strange, natural) that .... ” 中,that 后面 的从句中的谓语动词用: 的从句中的谓语动词用: should + 动词原 形 1. It’s necessary that we should have a walk now. 2. It’s natural that she should do so. 3. It’s important that we should take good care of the patient.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在 在表语从句中 主句的主语常是表示说话人愿望 主句的主语常是表示说话人愿望(wish / 主语常是表示说话人愿望 desire)、建议 、建议(suggestion / advice) 要求 (requirement / demand)、命令 、命令(order, command)等的名词,表语从句的谓语动 等的名词, 等的名词 词用 (should) + do. Our suggestion is that you (should) be there on time.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在 在同位语从句中 同位语从句的先行词常是表示说话人愿望、 同位语从句的先行词常是表示说话人愿望、 先行词常是表示说话人愿望 建议、要求、命令等的名词 等的名词。 建议、要求、命令等的名词。 The suggestion that students (should) learn something practical is worth considering. Do you know the order that you (should) keep watch.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气在 在 as if 从句中
从句中,常用虚拟形式, 在as if 从句中,常用虚拟形式,即表示与现在事实 相反,用过去式; 相反,用过去式;与过去事实相反用过去完成式 (had done). 一、as if 连接表语从句 she looked as if she were made of ice. he looked as if he hadn’t slept for two days. 二、as if 连接让步状语从 句 She looked after the boy as if he were her own son.

He speaks to us as if he had been there.

虚拟语气
虚拟语气中的几个特例 1. if only 意为:若是 那该多好啊 真希 意为:若是...那该多好啊 那该多好啊; 只要, 只要...就好 表示现在的情况, 就好. 望...; 只要 只要 就好 表示现在的情况 应用过去式; 如果是过去的情况,应用过去 应用过去式 如果是过去的情况 应用过去 完成时态 If only I had arrived in time! If only she didn’t drive so fast. 2. It’s (high/right) time that…that 从句要用 虚拟语气:谓语用过去时或 虚拟语气:谓语用过去时或should + do It’s time that you left here.

虚拟语气
简单的归纳 1、表示说话人的要求、建议、命令时,常用 、表示说话人的要求、建议、命令时, (should) do表示虚拟形式 主要用于名词 表示虚拟形式, 表示虚拟形式 性从句中。 性从句中。 2、其它情况常用两种形式:表示与现在事实 、其它情况常用两种形式: 相反,用过去式; 相反,用过去式;表示与过去事实相反用 过去完成式。 过去完成式。

虚拟语气
Exercises
A 1. Alan ___ the party if he had gone to London. A. would have missed B. had missed C. would miss D. missed 2. If I knew you were coming, I ___ you at the D airport. A. had met B. met C. would meet D. would have met

虚拟语气
Exercises
3. If only I ___ to my parents! (But I didn’t.) B A. listened B. had listened C. should listen D. would listen 4. Tom suggested that Ann ___ the house. A A. sell B. sold C. shall sell D. would sell B 5. I wish this bus ___ to the university. A. go B. went C. has gone D. had gone

虚拟语气
Exercises
C 6. Simon looks as though he never ___ a square meal(吃得饱), though his parents feed him very well. A. get B. getting C. got D. should get 7. He is talking so much about America as if he A ___ there. A. had been B. were C. was D. been B 8. I ___ you some money, but I hadn’t got any then. A. would lend B. would have lent C. could lend D. may have lent

虚拟语气
Exercises
9. – Have you ever been to Beijing? D -- No, but I wish I ___. A. have B. will C. do D. had B 10. I don’t think it is the right time that you __. A. will go B. went C. go D. must go 11. When a pencil is partly in a glass of C water, it looks as if it ____. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken

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