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倒装句口诀


口诀一、倒装口诀

副介提前全例装,人称代词则如常。
only 修饰副介状,句首主句半倒装。

否定频率副连词,“既不…也不”半倒装。 表状前置主语长,衔接自然全倒装。
such/so 代词做表状,引起主谓半倒装。 Not only 开头句,前一分句半倒装。 had,were,should 虚拟句,省略 if 半倒装。

As 引导让步状,名形动副提前成倒装

So do I, so do I 倒装语序跟着, 表示某某也一样 前后主语不一样

So I do, so I do 正常语序跟着, 的确如此是这样 前后主语要一样

副介提前全例装,人称代词则如常。
1.

Here, there, then, now, 或 out, in, up, down, away, off 等方向、 时间

副词开头的句,要完全倒装。 There goes the bell. Out rushed the teacher. 2. 主语是人称代词,语序不变。 Here you are. Out it comes. 3. 表语(介词短语)+ 系动词 + 主语 In the corner was a table. 4. 状语(介词短语)+ v. + S.

On the wall hangs an old jacket. (To the) east of the city lie two lakes.

only 修饰副介状,句首主句半倒装。
1. Only + 副词介词短语构成的状语或状语从句,位于句首时主句 要半倒装 Only in this way can you work out the problem. Only when the war was over, was he able to get back home. Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.

Only you can finish the work. (句子不倒装,Only 修饰主语,不是 状语 )

否定频率副连词,“既不…也不”半倒装。
1. never, seldom, little, nowhere, not, hardly,scarcely ,often, always,sometimes 等否定意义的副词和频率副词位于句首时 Never have I seen him before. Seldom do we go out. 2. No sooner… Hardly … Scarcely … than… when… when…

Hardly had they gone out of the classroom when it began to rain. 3. prep. + no + n. 表示否定意义的介词短语位于句首

At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. By no means can teaching be separated from practice.

表状前置主语长,衔接自然全倒装。
1. 表语(介词短语)+ 系动词 + 主语 In the corner was a table. Around his head was a brown snake. 2. 状语(介词短语)+ v. + S. On the wall hangs an old jacket.

(To the) east of the city lie two lakes. At the foot of the hill we saw a house, in front of which sat a small boy.

such/so 代词做表状,引起主谓半倒装。
So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.

Not only 开头句,前一分句半倒装。
Not only was there no electricity at that time but also (there was) no water in the area. Not only is he an actor but also (he is) a writer.

had,were,should 虚拟句,省略 if 半倒装。
虚拟条件句的谓语动词如果是 were, had, should 时,可省略 if, 但 其谓语须倒装。 Had you worked hard at your lessons, you would have passed the exam.

As 引导让步状,名形动副提前成倒装
1. 只将名词形容词动词副词提前,主谓不构成倒装语序。 2. 名词前不加任何冠词,形容词如果是最高级,前面不加定冠词。

Child as he is , he knows a lot about the world. Old as he was, he insisted on going with us. Hard as he worked, he failed. Try as he might, Tom could not get out of he difficulty.

So do I, so do I 倒装语序跟着, 表示某某也一样 前后主语不一样

So I do, so I do 正常语序跟着, 的确如此是这样 前后主语要一样

He likes rice very well. So do I. We saw the film last week. So did they. It was cold yesterday. So it was. (的确如此,是这样)

----David has made great progress recently. ----_So he has_, and _so have you。 (的确如此) (你也 一样)

1..After that we never saw her again, nor____from her. A.did we hear B.we heard C.have we heard D. we have heard

2. Not until I began to work____how much time I had wasted.

A.didn’ I realize t

B.did I realize

C.I didn’ realize t

D.I realized

3. Little____about his own safety,though he was in great danger. A.does he care 4. B.did he care C.he cares D.he cared

----David has made great progress recently. ----____, and ____. A.So he has; so you have C.So has he; so have you B.So he has; so have you D.So has he; so you have

5.

----It was careless of you to have left your clothes outside all night. ----My god! _____. A.So did I B.So I did C.So were you D.So did you

6. ----Marx was born in Germany, and German was his native language. ----_____. A.So it was with Engels C.So Engeles was B.So was Engels D.Was Engels so

7. Not a single song____at yesterday’s party. A.she sang 8. Be quick! ____. A.The bus comes here C.Here comes the bus B.The bus here comes D.Here is coming the bus B.sang she C.did she sing D.she did sing

9. No sooner____than he fell asleep. A.his head had touched the pillow B.had his head touched the pillow C.touched the pillow his head had D.had touched his head the pillow

10. Seldom____. A.Lili her feelings showed C.Lili showed her feelings B.did show Lili her feelings D.did Lili show her feelings

11. So busy____that he has no time to spare. A.he was B.was he C.he is D.is he

12. Only when____his homeword ____to play with his friends. A.has he finished; is he able C.has he finished; he is able 13. ____so busy, I should go with you. A.Were I not B.Was I not C.If I am not D.I were not B.he has finished ; is he able D.he has finished; he is able

14. ____so hard, they wouldn’t have won such great success. A.Hasn’t they trained C.Hadn’t they trained 15. Next door to us ____. A.lives an old man C.an old man lives B.does an old man live D.does live an old man B.If they hasn’t trained D.If they didn’t train

16. ----I don’t think I can walk any further. ----_____. Let’s stop here for a rest. A.Neither do I B.Neither can I C.I think so D.I don’ think so t

17.Not only____painting but also____interested in singing. A.she likes; she is C.does she like; she is B.she likes; is she D.does she like; is she

18. ____with a bunch of flowers in her hand. A. A girl in came C. In came a girl B. Came in a girl D. Came a girl in

19. ----Do you know Jim quarreled with his wife? ----I don’t know, _____ A. nor don’t I care C.I don’t care too 20. _____lucky. A.May you be B.You may be C.Be you may D.May be you B.nor do I care D.nor I do care


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