高三英语试题 （2012. 9）
试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟。
第 I 卷（三部分，共 85 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，共 20 小题，每小题 1 分,满分 20 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，选出最佳选项。每段对话仅读一遍
。 1. What is the woman’s opinion on the paper? A. Minor changes could be made. B. Major corrections are needed. C. The paper needs no revision. 2. What can we learn about the man from the conversation? A. He’s anxious to see his sister. B. He wrote to his sister last month. C. He’s expecting a letter from his sister. 3. Why is Tom being invited to the party? A. Because Tom likes the woman. B. Because the man’s mother insisted on it. C. Because Tom is the man’s good friend. 4. What does the woman mean? A. They will be tested on the Industrial Revolution. B. She did poorly on the history exam. C. There are many industries in the area. 5. What’s the girl’s advice? A. The boy should work harder. B. The boy shouldn’t work too hard. C. The boy should make good use of time. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面五段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，选出最佳选项。每段对话或独白 读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答笫 6—8 题。 6. Where was Colin Boyle born? A. In Dublin. B. In London. C. In Paris. 7. Why wasn’t the woman able to get tickets for the concert? A. All tickets were sold out. B. She was too busy to go to buy tickets. C. She couldn’t afford the expensive tickets. 8. Which of the following is true? A. The singer would give the woman the tickets. B. The woman would get some tickets at the cheaper price.
C. The concert hall manager would let them in free of charge. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9—11 题。 9. Where do you think the dialogue takes place? A. In a shop. B. In a street. C. At home. 10. Who do you think Anne and Dick are? A. Their niece and nephew. B. Their daughter and son. C. Their friends’ children. 11. What will they buy for Dick? A. A toy suit. B. Some records. C. A space suit. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12—14 题。 12. How large is the woman’s handbag? A. One foot long, eight inches wide. B. Eight inches long, eight feet wide. C. One inch long, one foot wide. 13. Where did the woman leave the bag? A. In a taxi. B. In a cinema. C. In a coffee shop. 14. When did the woman lose the bag? A. About 2:30. B. About 1:30. C. About 12:30. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15—17 题。 15. Why can the man and his family stay at this hotel? A. They have a reservation. B. They’re the friends of the owner. C. Someone else canceled a reservation. 16. What is the man especially glad to have for his children? A. A color TV. B. An extra bedroom. C. A swimming pool. 17. When does the hotel want its guests to pay? A. When they register. B. When they reserve a room. C. Just before their departure. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18—20 题。 18. In the first news item, which country is not covered in the research? A. Britain. B. France. C. Sweden. 19. What is the second news item mainly about? A. J.K. Rowling will have an Internet interview. B. Children will meet Harry Porter’s mother. C. The book will be available on the Internet. 20. What training do Russian schools give the students in their final year? A. Sports training. B. Military training. C. Vocational training. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节, 满分 35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21. When you finish watching the movie, you will have ____ better understanding of ____ life. A. a; the B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the 22. It is a good idea to start a part-time job _____ it doesn’t affect your studies. A. as B. in order that C. unless D. so long as 23. Lucy works hard as usual and it has_________. She got the first in the English Speaking Contest. A. showed off B. paid off C. picked up D. turned up
24. It’s too late. Go to bed right away. Forget you need to get up as early as you can ______ the early train? A. catch B. catching C. caught D. to catch 25. —I’m not good at dancing, you know. —______. It’s just for fun. Have a try and you’ll see you can do it. A. Well, it depends B. Cheer up C. Come on D. All right 26. Children are easily exposed to the Internet culture __________ violence is increasing to such a degree. A. which B. whose C. where D. that 27. The news has spread all over the country ________ an earthquake happened last night. A. that B. which C. whether D. what 28. —Hello, can I speak to Robert, please? —Hold on, please. He ________ in the garage. A. has worked B. is working C. worked D. will work 29. The travelers got to ______ was once an old temple that the workers used as a store. A. what B. where C. that D. which 30. A college student had stayed up all night, _______ for his test the next day. A. studied B. having studied C. to study D. studying 31. She heard a terrible noise, _______ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. what D. that 32. —James, I am sorry I used your computer when you were away this morning. — . A. Forget it B. My pleasure C. You are welcome D. Don’t mention it 33. The professor wants the students to pay more attention to the festivals ______ in other parts of the world. A. celebrating B. having celebrated C. celebrated D. being celebrated 34. —You seem to be familiar with this city. —I _______ here for three years. It’s great to be back. A. have lived B. lived C. had lived D. live 35. Nothing _______ him—he’s always complaining. A. serves B. supports C. promises D. satisfies 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分）
It was raining. I went into a cafe and asked for a coffee. 36 I was waiting for my drink, I realized there were other people in the place, but I sensed 37 . I saw their bodies, but I couldn’t feel their souls 38 their souls belonged to the 39 . I stood up and walked between the tables. When I came to the biggest computer, I saw a thin, small man 40 in front of it. ―I’m Steve,‖ he finally answered after I asked him a couple of times what his name was. ―I can’t talk with you. I’m 41 ,‖ he said. He was chatting online and, 42 , he was playing a computer game —a war game. I was 43 .
Why didn’t Steve want to 44 with me? I tried again to speak to that computer geek （怪人）, 45 not a word came out of his mouth. I touched his shoulder, but no reaction. I was 46 . I put my hand in front of the monitor, and he started to shout, ― 47 !‖ I took a few steps back, wondering if all those people in the cafe were looking at me. I raised my head, and saw nobody showed any 48 . At that moment, I realized that the people there were having a nice 49 with their machines, not with people. They were more 50 having a relationship with the 51 , particularly Steve. I wouldn’t want to 52 the future of human beings if they preferred sharing their lives with machines 53 with people. I was worried and sank in my thoughts. I didn’t even 54 that the coffee was bad, 55 Steve didn’t notice there was a person next to him. 36. A. Before B. Since C. Although D. While 37. A. pain B. loneliness C. sadness D. fear 38. A. because B. when C. until D. unless 39. A. mind B. world C. Net D. cafe 40. A. sleeping B. laughing C. sitting D. learning 41. A. busy B. nervous C. tired D. sick 42. A. first of all B. after all C. at the same time D. by that time 43. A. surprised B. delighted C. moved D. frightened 44. A. play B. talk C. argue D. compete 45. A. but B. so C. if D. or 46. A. excited B. active C. afraid D. unhappy 47. A. Shut up B. Enjoy yourself C. Leave me alone D. Help me out 48. A. anger B. sympathy C. respect D. interest 49. A. appointment B. conversation C. experience D. friendship 50. A. interested in B. tired of C. careful about D. troubled by 51. A. computer B. soul C. shop D. geek 52. A. build B. change C. imagine D. design 53. A. other than B. instead of C. except for D. as well as 54. A. pretend B. understand C. insist D. realize 55. A. as if B. just as C. just after D. even though 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题，每题 2 分，满分 30 分） A There are two kinds of people in the world. Those of the first kind are born idlers (游手好 闲者), taking interest in nothing. It seems what they live for is to pass time idly. They simply don’t know why they have to do so, nor will they bother to ask. The other kind are those who take things seriously and never wish to idle away their life. But only a part of the second group are eager enough to make success. All the others fail to make enough effort to make their dreams
come true. Why do things so happen to them? What are the reasons? I later find out that some people are determined. They are ―igniters‖ that catch fire of their own, giving light and heart. But that’s not the case with others. They may be fuels but not igniters. As pieces of wood or coal, they need a match or a lighter to make them burn so that their energy can be released to give off light and heat. The majority of people need some igniter to light them. Thus igniter becomes a must for those people to succeed. Unless a suitable igniter comes their way, they will always remain idle like cold unused firewood or coal. Fortunately, such an igniter is not difficult to meet. One may find it in an instructive book, a film story, a few words of a close friend, some advice of a good teacher, a pleasant journey, or an unexpected love. Any of these, coming at the right time, can serve as an igniter to start one’s enthusiasm for learning or for a better career, to turn him from a passive state of waiting to an active state of pursuing, to lend him strength to go ahead bravely. In that case, what he has prepared for years will be quickly turned into fruitful reality. Such an igniter may turn up of itself, but most likely we have to find it ourselves. Never let a chance slide away, for it is the key to your success. 56. According to the text, ―________‖ take things seriously, but may not be able to succeed. A. idlers B. igniters C. fuels D. lighters 57. According to the writer, what do most people definitely need to succeed? A. Storing a lot of energy. B. Great interest in everything. C. An igniter coming at the right time. D. Wonderful dreams about a bright future. 58. The writer writes the article to _________. A. describe two kinds of people B. encourage people to find chances to succeed C. praise those who work hard D. make fun of idlers B For many years, I was convinced that my suffering was due to my size. I believed that when the weight disappeared, it would take old wounds, hurts and rejections with it. Many weight-conscious people also mistakenly believe that changing our bodies will fix everything. Perhaps our worst mistake is believing that being thin equals being loved, being special, and being cherished. We fantasize about what it will be like when we reach the long-awaited goal. We work very hard to realize this dream. Then, at last, we find ourselves there. But we often gain back what we have lost. Even so, we continue to believe that next time it will be different. Next time, we will keep it off. Next time, being thin will finally fulfill its promise of everlasting happiness, self-worth, and, of course, love. It took me a long while to realize that there was something more for me to learn about beauty. Beauty standards vary with culture. In Samoa a woman is not considered attractive unless she weighs more than 200 pounds. More importantly, if it’s happiness that we want, why
not put our energy there rather than on the size of our body? Why not look inside? Many of us strive hard to change our body, but in vain. We have to find a way to live comfortably inside our body and make friends with and cherish ourselves. When we change our attitudes toward ourselves, the whole world changes. 59. What does the underlined word ―everything‖ in Paragraph 2 mean? A. All the problems. B. All the properties. C. The whole world. D. The absolute truth. 60. What can be inferred about the author? A. The author is a Samoan. B. The author succeeded losing weight. C. The author has been troubled by her weight. D. The author probably got wounded in an accident. 61. According to the text, those who have lost weight first and gained it back later feel _______. A. angry about the regained weight B. indifferent to the regained weight C. optimistic about future plans on weight control D. they should give up their future plans on weight control 62. The text tries to stress the importance of ____________. A. body size B. attitudes toward life C. culture difference D. different beauty standards C ―Soon, you’re going to have to move it out!‖ cried my neighbor on seeing the largest tomato plant known to mankind or at least known in my neighborhood. One tiny 9-inch plant, bought for $1.25 in the spring, has already taken over much of my rose bed, covering much of other plants, and is well on its way to the front door. Roses require a good deal of care, and if it weren’t for the pleasure they give, it wouldn’t be worth the work. As it is, I have a garden full of sweet-smelling roses for most of the year. Bushes must be pruned (剪枝) in early spring, leaving ugly woody branches until the new growth appears a few weeks later. It was the space available in the garden that led me into planting just one little tomato plant. A big mistake. Soil conditions made just perfect for roses turn out to be even more perfect for tomatoes. The daily watering coupled with full sun and regular fertilizing (施肥) have turned the little plant into a tall bush. The cage I placed around it has disappeared under the thick leaves. Now when harvesting the fruit, I have to find the red ones among the leaves, which means I almost have to stand on my head, and once found, I have to reach down and under to pick the tomatoes. I found two full-blown white roses completely hidden as I picked tomatoes in June. But they were weak and the leaves already yellow for lack of light. Here I am faced with a painful small decision: To tear up a wonderful and productive tomato plant that offers ten to twenty ripe sweet tomatoes each day or say goodbye to several expensive and treasured roses. Like Scarlett in Gone With Wind, I’ll think about that tomorrow. 63. What are the requirements for the healthy growth of roses?
A. A lot of care and the right soil. B. Frequent pruning and fertilizing. C. Tomato plants grown alongside. D. Cages placed around the roots. 64. The writer planted the tomato because _________. A. it cost only $1.25 B. the soil was just right for it C. there was room for it in the garden D. the roses’ branches needed to be covered 65. This year the writer’s roses were __________. A. removed from the rose bed B. picked along with the tomatoes C. mostly damaged by too much sunlight D. largely hidden under the tomato plant 66. In the situation described in the text, one good thing is that ________. A. the roses cost the writer little money B. the writer has a daily harvest of tomatoes C. someone will help the writer make the decision D. the writer can now enjoy both the roses and tomatoes D There is a story about British poet Samuel Coleridge. He was writing a poem when he was interrupted by a knock at the door. That was an age before telephones. Someone was delivering a message. When Coleridge got back to his poem, he had lost his inspiration. His poetic mood had been broken by the knock on his door. His unfinished poem, which could otherwise have been a masterpiece, would now never be more than a fragment (片段). This story tells us how unexpected communication can destroy an important thought, which brings us to the cell phone. We have already entered a golden age of little white lies about our cell phones, and this is actually a healthy, protective development. ―I didn’t hear it ring‖ or ―I didn’t realize my phone had shut off‖ are among the lies that we tell to give ourselves space where we’re beyond reach. In fact, we have ―Do Not Disturb‖ signs on the doors of hotel rooms, so why must we feel guilty when it comes to cell phones? Why must we apologize if we decide to shut off the phone for a while? Cell phones make long-distance communication common, but also endanger our time. Now, time alone or a conversation with someone next to us without being interrupted by a phone is something to be cherished. Sometimes, even cell phone devotees, myself usually included, can’t help wanting to throw their phone away. But we don’t and won’t, and there is really no need. We have to develop a healthy contempt (轻视) for the rings of our own phones. Ease yourself of making and receiving cell phone calls. If we don’t talk to the caller right now, we surely will shortly later. A cell phone call deserves no greater priority than a random word from the person next to us. The call on my cell phone may be the one–in–a–million from Steven Spielberg—who has finally read my novel and wants to make it his next movie, but most likely it is not, so I’d better think about the idea that I just had for a new story, or the slice of pizza I’ll eat for lunch. 67. The writer tells us the story in Paragraph 1 to __________. A. direct readers’ attention to the main topic
B. show how important inspiration is to a poet C. emphasize the disadvantage of not having a cell phone D. encourage readers to read the works of the poet 68. The writer thinks telling ―white lies‖ on the cell phones is ________. A. a way of showing that you don’t like the caller B. natural for us to keep our secret C. basically a good way to protect one’s privacy D. something we should feel guilty about 69. According to the text, what’s the most annoying problem caused by cell phones? A. People fail to notice anything else. B. People feel guilty when they can’t answer the cell phones. C. Cell phones interrupt people’s private time. D. With cell phones, it’s impossible to be unreachable. 70. What does the last paragraph suggest? A. You should have lunch before you answer a call. B. A person who calls us from afar deserves more attention. C. Coleridge once called to talk about the author’s novel. D. Never let cell phones interfere too much with your life.
第 II 卷（共 35 分）
第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每题 0.5 分，共 5 分） (注：请把答案写在下面的答题处) 1) Our society needs ______________ (改革). 2）I sent them a letter to c_____________ them on their success. 3) The mother’s words of love and help c____________ the sad child. 4) The country _____________(宣告) her independence in 1908. 5) He was not ____________(意识到) of her presence till she spoke to him. 6) I’m afraid I have b_______________ you with so many questions. 7) Nobody pushed him, so his action was completely v____________. 8) G_____________ speaking, women live longer than men. 9) He refused to ____________(妥协，退让) his principles. 10) Because there is no food, the people are s_______________. 单词拼写答题处： 1. ___________ 2. ______________ 3. ___________ 4. ____________ 5. ___________ 6. ____________ 7. ______________ 8. _____________ 9. ______________ 10. ___________
第二节 阅读表达（5 小题；每题 2 分，共 10 分） 阅读下面的短文，并根据要求回答问题。 In the United States, train transportation is unpopular compared with cars and airplanes. Most people like traveling by car or by air. Officials of the United States Department of Transportation made a study in 2001. The study is about how many miles Americans traveled by different means of transportation. They only studied trips longer than 50 miles. The study showed that fifty-six percent of all miles were traveled in personal vehicle. Forty-one percent were traveled in an airplane. Two percent were traveled in a bus. And less than one percent of miles were traveled in a train. Amtrak is the national provider of train transportation in the United States. In the past ten years, the number of its passengers has increased by eighteen percent. Although the number of passengers has increased, it is still very small now. In countries such as France, Germany, or Japan, more people use trains. There are several reasons why many people __________________________. Firstly, Americans love to drive their own cars. On highways, cars can travel as fast as trains. These highways connect all major cities in America．Secondly, many travelers like to be independent. When they use their own cars they can decide when to travel. Thirdly, many buses travel between major cities. Bus travel is less costly than train travel. In a huge country like the United States, cities are far away from each other. In some cases, travel from one city to another by train may take more than a day. Airplanes can carry passengers over long distances much faster. People who do not want to spend long time traveling by train decide to fly. For these people saving time is the most important thing. 1. What is the main idea of the text? (Please answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the text can be replaced by the following one? It’s convenient for people to decide the start-off time when they travel in their own cars. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. Why do Americans like to travel by plane? (Please answer within 25 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentences in the last paragraph into Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________________
第三节 书面表达 (满分 20 分) 假如你是新华中学的学生，某地区发生了台风灾害，学校组织赈灾活动，请你根据以 下要点写一篇 120-150 字的倡议书，向同学们发出倡议, 为灾区人民献出一份爱心。 1. 报告台风灾害发生的严重性。 2. 发出倡议，说明可以献爱心的做法。 3. 对同学们表示感谢，提出希望。
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试卷总分 120 分
第 I 卷： 共 85 分 第 1—20 题： 每题 1 分，共 20 分 1—5 ACBAB 6—10 ACBCB 第 21—55 题： 每题 1 分，共 35 分 21—25 CDBDC 26—30 CABAD
11—15 AACBC 31—35 BACBD
36—40 DBACC 41—45 ACABA 46—50 DCDBA 51—55 ACBDB 第 56—70 题： 每题 2 分，共 30 分 56—58 CCB 59—62 ACCB 63—66 ACDB 67—70 ACCD 第 II 卷：共 35 分 第一节 词汇: 每词 0.5 分，共 5 分。 1. reform 2. congratulate 3. comfort/comforted 4. declared 5. aware 6. bothered 7. voluntary 8. Generally 9. compromise 10. starving (注意：此部分评卷时，若学生所给答案与此答案有出入，只要句意通顺、语法、搭配和 形式正确，亦可得分)
第二节 阅读表达 每题 2 分，共 10 分 1. Train transportation in the USA is less popular. 2. When they use their own cars they can decide when to travel. 3. don’t like to travel by train 4. Because the US is a large country, and traveling by plane over long distances is much faster. 5. 那些不想花长时间坐火车旅行的人就决定乘飞机, 对这些人来说，节约时间是最重要 的。 第三节 书面表达 共 20 分 These days, we have learned over the radio and in the newspapers that a strong typhoon occurred in some parts of our country. It is said that many houses were destroyed, and the people there can’t live their lives as usual. I wonder if things have improved by now. The government is trying to help the people in the disaster areas rebuild their homes. I think we can also do something for the people who suffer from the disaster. I’d like to send them a schoolbag, which is a present given to me by my sister on my birthday. I hope it will be of some help to them. I do hope the students of our school can do something to help them. I believe the day will soon come when they overcome all the difficulties and live a better life. Thank you. 一、评分原则 1．本题总分为 20 分，按 4 个档次给分。 2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来 衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3．词数少于 100 和多余 160，从总分中减去 2 分。
4．评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、 上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 5．如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、各档次给分范围和要求 第五档（17~20 分） 完成了试题规定的任务。 覆盖所有内容要点。 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构所致；具备较强的语言运 用能力。 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（14~16 分） 完成了试题规定的任务。 虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂结构或词汇所 致。 应用了简单的语句间连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档（10~13 分） 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。
整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档（6~9 分） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 漏掉或款描述一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯。 信息未能清楚传达给读者。 第一档（5 分以下） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。
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