# 独立主格结构讲解及习题

(作逻辑主语） （作逻辑谓语）

1. All our savings gone, we sta

rted looking for jobs.
2. The question settled, we went home.

3. The river having risen in the night, the crossing was impossible.

1. His mother being ill, he had to stay home to look after her.

2. Other things being equal, I would buy the black dress.

The meeting being over, our headmaster soon left the meeting-room.

We to care for the children, you are able to be carefree away from home.

Our English teacher came into the classroom, papers in hand.

A 1).________no bus, we had to walk home. A.There being B.Being C.Having been D.There was

B 2)_______no bus, we had to walk home.

A.As there being B.As there was

C.Being A.Being
C.It being

D.There was B.There being
D.Having been

C 3)_______Sunday, the library doesn't open.

D 4)______Sunday, the library doesn't open.

A.As it being B.Being C.It is D.As it is

2、逻辑主语+V-ed 该构成形式内部的逻辑主语是分词的动作承受者。

A 1)_________, the train started.
A.The signal given D.The signal giving 2)__________, the train started. D A.After having given the signal B.After the signal given C.Giving the signal D.After the signal B.Giving the signal B.The signal being given

was given

B 3)______, the text became easier for us to learn. A.Explaining new words B.New words explained C.Being explained new words D.Having explained new words A 4)____, the text became easier for us to learn. A.When new words were explained B.Explaining new words C.New words explaining D.Being explained new words

3、逻辑主语+形容词（副词） 该结构相当于一个未带动词的“主—系—表” 结构。如： B 1)___________, the patient can leave the hospital. A.Better conditions B.Conditions better C.Conditions are better D.Being better conditions C 2)_________, the patient can leave the hospital. A.If better conditions B.If conditions better C.If conditions are better D.Being better conditions

B 3._____, we’d like to go outing. A.Being Sunday B.Sunday OK C.Sunday is OK D.If Sunday OK D 4.______, we’d like to go outing. A.If Sunday is OK B.Sunday being OK C.Sunday OK D.A,B and C D 5._____, you can wait a while. A.The play being still on B.The play still on C Being still on the play D.A and B

? 在下列两种情况下，独立主格结构中的being （或having been）不能省略。 ? (1) 独立主格的逻辑主语是代词时。如：It being Sunday, we went to church.因为是星期天， 我们去了做礼拜。 ? (2)在There being＋名词的结构中。如： There being no bus, we had to go home on foot.因 为没有公共汽车，所以我们不得不步行回家

A.Mother being ill C.As mother was ill the night. A.The exam near B.The exam being near C.As the exam is near D. A,B and C B.Bother ill D. A,B and C

D 4.________, we have to work late into

2、时间状语 独立主格结构作时间状语时相当于一个由 when, as soon as, after等引导的时间状语 从句。如： D 1.________, the train started. A.The signal given B.After the signal was given C.Given the signal D.A and B D 2.________, the text became easier for us to learn. A. New words explained B.When new words were explained C.When teacher explained new words D.all the above

3、条件状语 独立主格结构作条件状语时可以改为由 if 引 导的条件状语从句。如： D 1).________, we'll go to visit the Great Wall. A.Weather permitting B.If weather permits C.If permitting D.A and B 2.)_____, the patient will recover himself D soon. A.If the treatment is in time B.The treatment in time C.The treatment being in time D.A,B and C

4、伴随状语 独立主格结构作伴随状语时相当于一个介词 短语或并列谓语。如： A 1).We have lessons every day, ________. A.Sunday included B.Sunday including C.Sunday is including D.all the above A 2).The boy fell asleep,_________. A.cap on head B.with a cap on head C.a cap on was on head D. all the above

3.Father came home,_________ D

A.a dog following him
B. followed by a dog

C.being followed by a dog
D.all the above ．

1、原因状语 D 1._______late, we had to walk home.
A.Being B.As we were C.We being D.A and B D 2.______ busy, they had no time to play. A.As they were B.Being

C.Because they were

D.all the above

2、时间状语

D 1._______ the students' homework, the teacher
found a lot of mistakes.

A.When he was correcting B.When he corrected C.Correcting D.all the above

D 2.________by your teachers, you are supposed to be modest.
A.When you are praised B.Praised

C.When praised

D.all the above

3、条件状语
D 1.______ more time, he is sure to finish his test paper. A.If he is given B.If given

C.Given D.all the above
D 2._______ another chance, I'll do my job better. A.If I have B.If having

C.Having

D.all the above

4、伴随状语
A 1.Father came back, _______ a bag of money on his left shoulder. A.carrying C.and carrying B.he was carrying D.all the above D 2.Father came back, _______ by a monkey.

A.and he was followed B.followed C.and was followed D.all the above

B.Weather permitted
C.Weather permitting D.Permitting

2._________, he finished playing B the game of chess. A.His eyes closing

B.With his eyes closed
C.Closed eyes

D.Closed his eyes B 3.________, I couldn’t get the book I wanted.
A.Closed B.Library closed

C.Closing library D.With library closing

1 . _A _ _ _ _ the teacher told the class to go through the text A.Checking the answers B.Checking the answers and C.When checking the answers and D.all the above

C 2._______a rainy day, so all the farmers had to stay inside. A.It being C.It was B.Being D.all the above

B 3.As______a little sick, he remained at the clinic.

A.feeling
C.he felling

B.he felt
D.all the above

D 1)______ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
A.Lost C.He lost B.As he was lost D.A and B

D 2)._______for the bus at the stop, he suddenly caught sight of a thief.
A.Waiting B.When he was waiting C.As he was waiting D.all the above

2、若句子主语与状语内动词之间不存在逻 辑上的主谓或动宾关系且状语内有自已的逻 辑主语。则该状语不能用分词结构，只能用 独立主格结构、with +复合宾语结构或从句。 如：

A 1.The soldier fell asleep ________. A.with the candle burning B.burning the candle C.when he was burning the candle D.when burning the candle C 2.________, the Tiananmen Square looks more beautiful. A.Being on B.When being on C.With all the lights on D.When it turns on all the lights

D 3.____ idea.

the

notice,

he

an

A.When he was watching B.Watching C.When D.all the above A watching 4.______ the notice, an idea came to his mind.
A.When he was watching B.Watching C.When watching D.all the above

with复合结构可以作后置定语修饰名词，而 独立主格结构则不可作后置定语修饰名词. Soon she arrived at a park with grass green and flowers in blossom. = Soon she arrived at a park whose grass was green and whose flowers were in blossom.

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