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with复合结构及独立主格结构


湖北省武穴市实验高中 张海英

OR
With the bell ringing, we begin to have our English class.

With复合结构及 独立主格结构

A quiz
1. The teacher came in , with a book in his

hand. (手里拿 着一本书) =book in hand. with +宾语+介词短语

A quiz
2. We sat in the hall with all the lights on (所有 的灯都亮着) .(on) with +宾语+副词

A quiz
3. He likes sleeping with the window open (开 窗)

with +宾语+形容词

A quiz
his dream realized 4. with_____________________ (他的梦想实现了), the man felt extremely happy. (realize)

with +宾语+过去分词

A quiz
5. I can’t go with you with much homework to do (有很多作业要做) (with) with +宾语+不定式

A quiz
6.With (新危机的出现), more and more factories have closed down in the world. (crisis, arise)
with +宾语+现在分词 new crisis arising

A quiz
with +宾语+名词 7. He died with his son a school boy

一.基本结构:
1. with + 名\代词 + 介词短语 2. with +名\代词 + 副词 3. with +名\代词 + 形容词 4. with +名\代词 + 现在分词 5. with +名\代词 + 过去分词 6. with +名\代词 + 不定式 7. with +名\代词 + 名词

二.了解此结构 的句法功能

1. 作原因状语
With too much homework to do, I can’t go out with you.
=Because I have too much homework to do

______________(天气特别冷), we entered the room to warm ourselves. (with) With the weather terribly cold

The man looks happier, with his wife and son standing next to him ___________________________(有 妻儿站在身边).(with)

2. 作时间状语
With his dream realized, man felt extremely happy.
=After his dream had realized With winter coming on _____________________(冬天来了), the trees turn yellow and some birds fly south. (with) With work done ________________(工作做完了), we went home.(with)

the

3. 表示伴随情况 或补充说明
The teacher came in , with a book in his hand. He often sleeps with the window open We sat in the hall with all the lights on

The children were making a snowman, ____________________________(手冷得通红) with hands red with cold .(with)

作定语

with life jackets on Two men _________________(穿着救 生衣) are floating along the river.

三. 独立主格结构 1. with + 名\代词 + 介词短语 2. with +名\代词 + 副词 3. with +名\代词 + 形容词 4. with +名\代词 + 现在分词 5. with +名\代词 + 过去分词 6. with +名\代词 + 不定式 7. with +名\代词 + 名词

瞄准( shoot at )

The young man is shooting at a dog , a gun in his hands. ________________(枪在手里)

The dog is waiting for its owner its mouth open. quietly, _________________(嘴张着)

Two twin babies are sleeping worn together, no clothes________(没穿 衣服) (wear)

A lot of homework to do ______________________(有很多作业 要做), the girl goes to bed very late every night.

1.The young man is shooting at a dog , a gun in his hands. 2.The dog is waiting for its owner quietly, its mouth open. 3.Two twin babies are sleeping together, no clothes worn. 4.A lot of homework to do, the girl goes to bed very late every night.

独立主格结构的特点: 1)独立主格结构的逻辑主语与句子的主语 不同,它独立存在。 2)独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句分开。

作条件状语
Time permitting, I will love him forever. 如果时间允许的话,我会永远爱他. =If time permits Weather permitting ______________________( 天 气 允 许 ), they will start at six tomorrow morning.

四. 会识别含有独立 主格结构的句子

A fairy tale about The Little Mermaid
In the deep sea, there lived many mermaids(美 人鱼). They had human’s faces, bodies and fish’s tails. They were very beautiful, the youngest a mermaid of 20. One day, the mermaids lay in the sea, their eyes looking at the beautiful flowers. It being warm, all the flowers bloomed. Suddenly, an insensible(失去知觉的) man fell down. In order to save him, The Little Mermaid pushed him to the beach. She found he was a handsome prince. Two ladies walking towards here, she hid herself into the sea. The two ladies found the prince and woke him up.

The prince came to life, with thankfulness in his eyes. There being another ship, he got on it. The Little Mermaid came back, tears in eyes. She told her sisters that she wanted to look for the prince. So they went to the witch(女巫) for help. The witch said, “If you leave your voice to me, you will have two legs. But when you walk on the ground, you will feel as walking on the knife. If the prince marries another girl, you will become bubbles(泡沫). Will you regret?” “No. Time permitting, I will love him forever. The Little Mermaid answered, without anyone understanding her. No one noticing, she got to the prince’s ship. Many eyes watching her, she felt a bit nervous.

The prince took her to his country and treated her as a lovely sister. The Little Mermaid was happy. But one day, the prince told her he would marry a princess. Her happiness greatly changed, she still could said nothing. Love disappeared, The Little Mermaid would become bubbles. All her sisters came to her, gave her a knife and said, “Kill the prince, and you will turn into a mermaid again. Such a knife to help you, you will come back soon.

She turned to the prince, her eyes sad. She stood there, knife in hand. She threw the knife into the sea, her head shaking. Then The Little Mermaid became bubbles.

A fairy tale about The Little Mermaid
In the deep sea, there lived many mermaids(美 人鱼). They had human’s faces, bodies and fish’s tails. ①They were very beautiful, the youngest a mermaid of 20. ②One day, the mermaids lay in the sea, their eyes looking at the beautiful flowers. ③It being warm, all the flowers bloomed. Suddenly, an insensible(失去知觉的) man fell down. In order to save him, The Little Mermaid pushed him to the beach. She found he was a handsome prince. ④Two ladies walking towards here, she hid herself into the sea. The two ladies found the prince and woke him up.

⑤The prince came to life, with thankfulness in his eyes. ⑥There being another ship, he got on it. ⑦The Little Mermaid came back, tears in eyes. She told her sisters that she wanted to look for the prince. So they went to the witch(女巫) for help. The witch said, “If you leave your voice to me, you will have two legs. But when you walk on the ground, you will feel as walking on the knife. If the prince marries another girl, you will become bubbles(泡沫). Will you regret?” “No. ⑧Time permitting, I will love him forever. ⑨The Little Mermaid answered, without anyone understanding her. ⑩No one noticing, she got to the prince’s ship. ⑾Many eyes watching her, she felt a bit nervous.

The prince took her to his country and treated her as a lovely sister. The Little Mermaid was happy. But one day, the prince told her he would marry a princess. ⑿Her happiness greatly changed, she still could said nothing. ⒀Love disappeared, The Little Mermaid would become bubbles. All her sisters came to her, gave her a knife and said, “Kill the prince, and you will turn into a mermaid again. ⒁Such a knife to help you, you will come back soon.

⒂She turned to the prince, her eyes sad. ⒃She stood there, knife in hand. ⒄She threw the knife into the sea, her head shaking. Then The Little Mermaid became bubbles.

一.了解with复合结构及独立主格结 构的基本结构 二.了解它们的作用
三.会识别含有独立主格结构的句子


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