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MODULE 6 Section A INTRODUCTION & READING AND VOCABULARY 同步练测(外研版必修3)


MODULE 6
Section A
建议用时 45 分钟 满分 60 分

Old and New
得分 错题档案

INTRODUCTION & READING AND VOCABULARY
实际用时

Ⅰ.英汉短语互译(满分 5 分) 1. 工业建设_________

___ 2. under construction______________ 3.历史事件_____________ 4. a historic building _____________ 5.一部历史影片______________ 6. a narrow escape__________________ 7.从??搬迁到??_______________ 8. be removed from school ________________ 9.过时的;陈旧的_________________ 10. up to date_________________ Ⅱ. 用 spend, cost, take 或 pay 的适当形式填空 (满分 5 分) 1. The bicycle _______ me two hundred yuan. 2. How much _______ you _______ for the second-hand car yesterday? 3. How long _______ it _______ to get to Nanchang by train tomorrow? 4. He always ________ much money on books. 5. Our teacher once ________ a lot of time in preparing his lessons for us students. Ⅲ. 同义句转换(满分 10 分) 1. He advised me to buy another English-Chinese dictionary. He _______ _______ _______ another English-Chinese dictionary. 2. The number of students who use computers is increasing. The number of students who use computers is ________ ________ _______. 3. It is likely that the new machine will arrive tomorrow. _________ ________ _______ the new machine will arrive tomorrow. 4. Experienced as he is, he is still very modest. ________ ________ ________ ________ ,he remains very modest. 5. All his education added up to only one year. All his education added up to _______ _______ ________one year.

6. The father was very happy to know that his son passed the entrance examination. His son passed the entrance examination, _______ made the father ________ ________. 7. Whatever you do, I will follow you. ________ ________ _______ you do, I will follow you. 8. I have never read such an interesting story. This is _______ _______ interesting story that I have _______ read. 9. Look! There is a house whose roof is covered with grass. Look! There is a house ________ _______ ________ _______ is covered with grass. 10. The work took us a week to finish. _______ _______ _______ ________ ________ to finish the work. Ⅳ.单项填空(满分 15 分) 1. The custom _______ the 8th century when people knew little about the earth where they lived. A. dates back to B. is dated to C. is dated from D. dates to 2. How many people can this hall _______? A. be seated B. containing C. held D. accommodate 3. I always _______ nurse. A. dream of becoming B. dream of turning C. dream to become D. dream to turn 4. The story was so touching that I could hardly _______ my tears. A. hold on B. hold back C. hold out D. hold off 5. We thought of selling this old furniture, but we’ve decided to_______ it. It might be valuable. A. hold on to B. keep up with C. turn to D. look after 6. What the speaker said at the meeting

_______. A. doesn’t have sense B. doesn’t make sense C. doesn’t make meaning D. doesn’t mean 7. At last, his dream of studying IT in Beijing University _______. A. realized B. came true C. being true D. came truly 8.Some scientists are working hard at how tide( 潮 汐 ) can be ________ to produce electricity. A. harness B. harnessful C. harnessable D. harnessed 9. She had a _______ escape when her car skidded on the ice. A. near B. slight C. narrow D. almost 10. The accident ________ him his life. It _______ three years for his wife to _______ off the debts he left. A. cost; took; pay B. cost; spent; take C. took; spent; pay D. spent; cost; take 11. The railway ________ will be open to traffic next spring. A. is under construction B. in construction C. under construction D. that in construction 12. The book contains a vivid description of ________ meeting between the great leaders in 1949. A. history B. historic C. historical D. prehistoric 13.The final score of the basketball match was 93∶94.We were only _______ beaten. A. nearly B. slightly C. narrowly D. lightly 14.—How do you _______ we go to Beijing for our holidays? —I think we’d better fly there. A. insist B. want C. suppose D. suggest 15. What do you advise for _______ ink stains

from my clothes? A. moving C. move

B. removing D. remove

Ⅴ.完成句子(满分 10 分) 1.我们在去机场的路上因为堵车而延误了。 We were __________________on our way to the airport in a traffic jam. 2.What are you ______________________ (考 虑)? 3._________________________( 务必,确保) that all the lights are turned off when you leave the office. 4.Do your best to _____________________(做 出,计算出)the question by yourself. 5.Lucy can’t help her mother _________________( 做家务) because she is busy doing her homework. 6.The old building _______________(起源于) the Qing Dynasty. 7.玛丽昨晚做了一个甜美的梦。 Mary ___________________________ last night. 8.当他年轻时,他梦想成为一名科学家。 He dreamed of _________________when he was young. 9.她把书桌上的书全都移走了。 She ___________ all the __________the desk. books

10.他被学校开除了。 He________________________________ school. Ⅵ.翻译句子(满分 5 分) 1.谁也无法阻止历史前进的车轮。 _____________________________________ 2.我年轻时梦想成为一名老师。 _____________________________________ 3.长城的大部分始建于明朝。 ____________________________________ 4.他的名字被从名单上除掉了。 _____________________________________ 5.他苍白的脸色表明他身体不好。 _____________________________________ Ⅶ.阅读理解(满分 10 分) On a clear night you might see the Moon, some planets,and thousands of sparkling stars. With bigger and bigger telescopes you can see

more and more objects in the sky. And you can see those objects in more and more details. But scientists believe there are some things in the sky that we will never see. We won’t see them with the biggest telescope in the world, on the clearest night of the year. That’s because they’re invisible. They ’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes. You might find it hard to imagine that stars die. After all,our Sun is a star. Year after year we see it up in the sky,burning brightly,giving us heat and light. The Sun certainly doesn’t seem to be getting old or weak. But stars do burn out and die after billions of years. As a star ’s gas burns,they give off light and heat. But when the gas runs out,the star stops burning and begins to die. As the star cools,the outer layers of the star pull in towards the center. The star squashes into a smaller and smaller ball. If the star was very small, the star ends up as a cold, dark ball called a black dwarf. If the star was very big,it keeps squashing inward until it ’s packed together tighter than anything in the universe. Imagine if the Earth were crushed until it was the size of a tiny marble. That’s how tightly this dead star, a black hole, is packed. What pulls the star in towards its center with such power? It ’s the same force that pulls you down when you jump—the force called gravity. A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity sucks in everything —even light. The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes. That’s why you see nothing but blackness. So the next time you stare up at the night sky,remember: there’s more in the sky than meets the eye! Scattered in the silent darkness

are black holes—the great mystery of space. 1.According to the article,what causes a star to die? A.As its gases run out,it cools down. B. It collides (碰撞) with other stars. C. The star pulls in towards the center. D.As it gets hotter and hotter,it explodes. 2.Which of the following statements is NOT a fact? A. Black holes are dead stars. B. Black holes have gravity. C. Black holes are invisible. D. There is nothing as mysterious as a black hole. 3.What happens AFTER a star dies? A. It becomes invisible. B. It falls to Earth. C. It burns up all of its gases. D. It becomes brighter and easier to see. 4. We can’t see light when we look at a black hole because _________. A. most black holes are so far away B. the gravity of a black hole is so strong that it sucks in the light inward C. as the star ’s gas runs out,it stops giving off heat and light D. as a star cools , its outer layers pull in towards its center 5. The best title of the passage should be _______. A. Amazing Black Holes B. Mystery of the Universe C. Magic Gravity D. Life of a Star

答案与解析
Ⅰ. 1. industrial construction 2.在建设中 4.一座有历史意义的建筑物 5. a historical film 3. historical events 6.九死一生 7. remove from...to... 8.被开除(勒令退学) 9. out of date 10.直到现在的,最新式的 Ⅱ.1. cost 2. did , pay

3. will , take 5. spent

4. spends

Ⅲ.1. suggested my buying 2. on the increase 3. Chances are that 4. Although he is experienced 5. no more than 6. which, very happy 7. No matter what 8. the most, ever 9. the roof of which 10. It took us a week Ⅳ. 1. A date back to/date from 表示“始于,追 溯到” ,不用被动语态,常用一般现在时态。本句 意为“这种习俗始于 8 世纪,当时人们对于他们所 居住的地球并不了解” 。 2. D accommodate=hold 表示“容纳” , A、B、 C 形式不对。句意:这个大厅可以容纳多少人? 3. B dream of doing sth.梦想做某事, “成为护士” 用 turn nurse 或 become a nurse 表示,故选 B。 4. B hold back 表示“阻止;抑制” 。句意为“这 个故事如此感人以至于我几乎忍不住泪水了” 。 5. A hold on to 表示“保留” ,符合句意。keep up with 表示 “跟上” ; turn to 表示 “转向” ; look after 则表示“照顾” ,均与句意不符。 6. B make sense 表示“有意义;有道理” 。句意 为“讲话者在会议上所讲的毫无道理” 。 7. B come true 表示“实现” ,是一个不及物动词 短语,不能加宾语,也不用被动语态;而 realize 则是一个及物动词,该题中需用 was realized。句 意为“最终,他在北京大学学习信息技术的梦想实 现了” 。 8. D can be harnessed 构成被动语态,故选 D。 9. C a narrow escape“九死一生” 。 10. A the accident 作 主语,谓语动词应使用 cost , cost one’s life “ 使 某 人 丧 生 ” ; It takes/took (sb.)+一段时间+to do sth.“做某事 花了某人一段时间” ;pay off the debts“还清 债务” 。 11. C under construction“ (正在)建设中” , 是介词短语,在此作定语修饰 the railway。 12. B 句意:书中有一段生动地描写了两位伟大 领袖在 1949 年那次具有历史意义的会见。 13. C 本题考查副词词义辨析。 nearly 几乎; slightly 稍微;narrowly 勉强地,以毫厘之差; lightly 轻微地。 14. D 本题考查动词辨析。suggest 意为“建议” , 符合本题语境;又由空格后的宾语从句的谓语动词 用原形,也可知主句谓语用 suggest。insist 意为 “坚持” ;want 意为“想要” ; suppose 意为“猜

想,假定” ,均不符合题意。 15. B 句意:你建议我如何去除衣服上的墨水痕 迹?空格处应作介词 for 的宾语,应用 v.-ing 形 式;故用 removing,相当于 getting rid of。 Ⅴ.1. held up 2. thinking of 3. Make sure 4. work out 5. do the housework 6. dates back to 7. dreamed a sweet dream 8. becoming a scientist 9. removed,from 10. was removed from Ⅵ.1. No one can hold back the wheel of history. 2. When I was young, I dreamed of becoming a teacher. 3. Most of the Great Wall dates from the Ming Dynasty. 4. His name was removed from the list. 5. His pale face suggests bad health. Ⅶ.1. A 本文第五段讲述的是恒星衰亡的过程。其 中第二句“But when the gas runs out, the star stops burning and begins to die.”讲的就是选项 A 本身。 2. D 本题可以用排除法得到答案。A、B、C 三项 在文中显而易见。虽然本文第三段有一句 They ’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes.但是并 没有说 black holes 是最神秘的现象。故选 D 项。 3. A 从本文第三段 “That’s because they ’re invisible. They ’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes.” 很容易得到答案 A。 4. B 本文倒数第二段最后 “A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity sucks in everything—even light. The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes. That’s why you see nothing but blackness.” 可知选 B 项。 5. A 本文重点讲述的是黑洞的形成和特点。其他 三项背离主题。


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