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advice与suggest的异同点


advice 与 suggest 的异同点
一、advise 与 suggest 都有“建议”的意思
1) 都可接名词作宾语
She suggested / advised an early start. 她建议早一点出发. We suggested / advised a visit to the museum the next day. 我们建议

明天去参观博物馆.

2) 都可接动名词作宾语
I suggested / advised putting off the sports meet. 我建议将运动会延期. They suggested / advised waiting until the proper time. 他们建议(我们)等到恰当的时机才行 动.

3) 都可接 that 宾语从句,that 从句用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略.
She suggested / advised that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不 要在星期六举行. We suggested / advised that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我们建议他去 向老师道歉.

4) advise 可接动词不定式复合宾语
I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建 议他放弃那愚蠢的念头.(suggest 在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语). 接不定式不用 suggest 和 advise

二、 有"提出"的意思.如:
He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一个不同的计划. Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一个解决这个问题的办法.

三、 有"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人.
1)接名词或动名词作宾语.
The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高. Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好. The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳.

2)接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气.如:
The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来.

The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他脸上的表情表明他很生气.

四、 在主语从句 It is suggested that... 及名词 suggestion 后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都 应用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略.如:
It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人们建议我们在晚会上表演 节目. His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的建议是先把债务还清. The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 医生们 建议不要把新医院建在山上 advise 与 suggest 都可作“建议”讲,二者用法有同有异。

1)相同点
都可表示建议做某事, advise 与 suggest 后面都可接名词/动名词/ that 从句(should 加动词 原形,should 可以省略) 。例如: 他建议(我们)再等一会儿。 He advised/ suggested waiting a bit longer. He advised/ suggested (our) waiting a bit longer. He advised/ suggested that we (should) wait a bit longer. 上面的第三句可转化为: It was suggested that we (should) wait a bit longer. What he suggested was that we (should) wait a bit longer. His suggestion was that we (should) wait a bit longer.

(2)不同点
①advise 后可以直接跟人称代词作宾语, 如: advise sb. to do sth.; advise sb. against (doing) sth.; advise sb. on/ about sth.; 而 suggest 后一般用 suggest to sb that …形式。如:他建议我们改天 再来。 [正]He advised us to come another day. [误]He suggested us to come another day. [误]He suggested us that we come another day. ②suggest 还有“暗示、表明、指出(一个事实)”的意思。此时从句中用陈述语气,不用虚 拟语气。如: Her expression suggested pleasure. 她面露喜色。 His silence could only suggest disapproval. 他的沉默只能暗示反对。


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