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John Dewey


John Dewey
? John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psycholo gist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.

? Dewey is one of the primary figures associated with philosophy of pragmatism([?pr?gm?t ?z?m] n.[哲]实用主义; 实用的观点和方法 ) and is considered one of the founders of functional psychology. A well-known public intellectual, he was also a major voice of progressive education and liberalism.

? Although Dewey is known best for his publications concerning education, he also wrote about many other topics,including epistemology([??p ?st??m ?l?d?i] n.认识 论 ), metaphysics([?met??f ?z?ks]n.形而上 学,玄学),aesthetics([i:s'θet?ks] n.美学; 美 术理论; 审美学; 美的哲学), art, logic, social theory, and ethics.

? Dewey's educational theories were presented in My Pedagogic Creed (1897), The School and Society (1900), The Child and the Curriculum (1902), Democracy and Education (1916) and Experience and Education (1938).

? Throughout these writings, several recurrent themes ring true; Dewey continually argues that education and learning are social and interactive processes, and thus the school itself is a social institution through which social reform can and should take place. In addition, he believed that students thrive in an environment where they are allowed to experience and interact with the curriculum, and all students should have the opportunity to take part in their own learning.


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