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Unit2 Healthy eating名师预测(解析版)(人教版必修3)


第一部分:英语知识运用 第一节:单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.It is known to us that doing eye exercises ________ our eyes,and that is to say,our eyes can ________ doing

eye exercises. A.benefits to;benefit B.benefits;benefit from C.benefits from;benefit D.benefits;be benefited from 2.After being released(释放) from prison,the young man ________ a living by running a small restaurant. A.gained C.earned B.made D.B and C

3.You’ve been so kind to us that we will always be deeply ________. A.out of debt C.in trouble B.in your debt D.in danger

4.—I’ll be away for about two days.Would you mind taking care of my little dog? —________. A.Yes,it’s my pleasure B.Yes,I’ll do it well C.No,I’ve got no time D.No,I’d be happy to 5.To make sure of your success in the coming speech contest,first of all you should know your ________. A.benefits C.values B.techniques D.strengths

6.—Which is ________,China or Russia? —Russia is ________ than China,I think. A.larger;larger C.the larger;larger B.the largest;larger D.the larger;larger

7.It was playing computer games that cost the boy plenty of time that he ________ have spent

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studying. A.might C.ought to B.must D.could

8.Last summer holiday,I went back to my hometown,________ the neighbours and the house ________ I used to be familiar with were gone. A.only finding;which C.to find;whom B.only to find;that D.found;that

9.—Why was your little brother scolded by your father yesterday? —For ________. A.tell a lie C.told lies B.telling lies D.telling lie

10.The revolutionary was in a dangerous situation.Some spies were ________ him. A.spy C.spying on B.spying D.spying into

11.—Didn’t you enjoy the performance last night? —________.It was less wonderful than expected. A.Yes,I did C.Yes,I didn’t B.No,I didn’t D.No,I did

12.The town is ________ from the rest of the country because of the heavy snow. A.cut down C.cut off B.cut out D.cut up

13.It won’t be long before we take the final exam.That is to say,we’ll take the exam ________. A.long ago C.more or less B.long before D.before long

14.I’m really ________ answering the same questions every day. A.tired of C.tired with B.tired from D.tired out

15.—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away? —Thank you.________ A.It couldn’t be better. B.Of course,you can. C.If you like. D. It’s up to you. 16.Just to satisfy my________,how much did you pay for your car? A.curiosity
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B.permission

C.prediction

D.sadness

17.She had learned to________working efficiency(效率) with good human relationships. A.balance C.raise B.improve D.increase

18.If you cheat in the exam you’ll never________it. A.get through C.get down to B.get over D.get away with

19.He stopped to________his notes,and then went on with his questions. A.consult C.continue B.conduct D.construct

20.The old gentleman just stood there________at the pickpocket and did not say a word. A.glaring C.gazing B.staring D.glancing

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,然后从 21~40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 Life will be peaceful if you always do kind things.I teach my daughters to develop a habit of __21__ others.The little acts of __22__ give you opportunities to provide service for others.They can make you remember how __23__ it feels to be kind and helpful. We __24__ in a rural (乡村的) area.Most of what we __25__ is beautiful nature.One of the exceptions to the __26__ is the rubbish that some people throw out of their car windows as they drive along the rural roads.One of the few __27__ of living there is the lack of __28__ public services,such as rubbish collection,which is common in the __29__. A helping behavior that I practise regularly with my daughters is __30__ rubbish in our neighborhood.My daughters often have a match to see who can collect the most rubbish.They will often say to me in a(n) __31__ voice, “There’s some rubbish, Daddy—__32__ the car! ” And if we have time,we will often get out of our car and pick it up.__33__ it may seem strange,we do it.In fact,we __34__it.We pick up rubbish in parks,on sidewalks,almost anywhere. One day I saw a stranger picking up rubbish on the road.I stopped.He __35__ his head and smiled,“I saw you doing this with your family.It’s a good __36__ to protect our environment.” There are many other ways to __37__ kindness for others.You may share a dinner with a beggar, visit __38__ old people in the nursing home,or help the blind __39__ the street.You can think of something that can be finished __40__ but helpful.It is fun, selfsatisfying, and what’s more, it can set a good example.Helping others is helping yourself. 21.A.watching
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B.welcoming

C.helping

D.teaching B.peace D.interest

22.A.kindness C.carefulness 23.A.sad

B.unusual

C.easy D.great 24.A.work B.live C.travel D.stay 25.A.see B.dream

C.need D.develop 26.A.environment C.area D.weather 27.A.favorites C.wishes B.disadvantages B.beauty

D.answers

28.A.comfortable B.modern C.necessary D.excellent 29.A.city B.village

C.sky D.street 30.A.looking for B.picking up C.taking away 31.A.surprised C.excited D.laughing at B.tired

D.angry

32.A.speed B.start C.move D.stop 33.A.Although C.And D.Since 34.A.enjoy B.experience C.forget D.understand B.lowered B.But

35.A.covered C.shook 36.A.sport

D.raised B.idea

C.result D.question 37.A.provide B.buy

C.describe D.make 38.A.puzzled
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B.successful

C.healthy

D.lonely

39.A.clean B.cross C.design D.draw B.impossibly

40.A.suddenly

C.easilyD.hardly 第二部分:阅读理解(第一节 20 小题,第二节 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A

America. There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World.But some others went in the opposite direction.Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in other South American countries.But it is native to Ethiopia.It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400s.According to an Arabic story,coffee was discovered when a goat keeper named Lakdi noticed that his goats were eating red fruits on a coffee tree.He tried one and experienced the “wide?awake (彻底清醒的)” feeling that one third of the world’s population now starts the day with. 41.According to the passage,which of the following changed more than others? A.Clothes. C.Languages. B.Ideas. D.Foods.

42.Chocolate drink was first invented in ________ while coffee was first invented in ________. A.Spain;Brazil B.South America;the Old World C.Spain;Ethiopia D.London;Peru 43.In 1845,thousands of Irish people were forced to live in America mainly because ________. A.Ireland became dependent on the potato B.the potato was brought to Europe from Peru C.they could easily get potatoes in America
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D.the production of potatoes reduced (减少) 44.According to the passage,which of the following is an “Old World” country? A.Peru. B.Brazil. C.A certain American country. D.Ethiopia. 45.From the passage we can conclude that millions of people drink coffee ________. A.in the morning C.in the afternoon B People have strange ideas about food.For example,tomato is a kind of very delicious vegetable.It is one of the useful plants that can be prepared in many ways.It has rich nutrition (营养) and vitamin in it.But in the 18th century,Americans never ate tomatoes.They grew them in their gardens because tomato plants are so pretty.But they thought the vegetable was poisonous (有毒 的).They called tomatoes “poison apples”. President Thomas Jefferson,however,knew that tomatoes were good to eat.He was a learned man.He had been to Paris,where he learned to love the taste of tomatoes.He grew many kinds of tomatoes in his garden.The President taught his cook a way for a cream of tomato soup.This beautiful pink soup was served at the President party.The guests thought the soup tasted really good.They never thought their President would serve his honored guests poison apples.Jefferson never spoke to his honored guests about the fact. 46.Tomato is a kind of ________. A.poisonous fruit B.poisonous vegetable C.tasty fruit D.tasty vegetable 47.After you read the passage,which of the following do you think is TRUE? A.Americans never ate tomatoes after they began to plant them. B.Americans didn’t eat tomatoes before 19th century. C.Even now Americans don’t eat tomatoes. D.In the 18th century Americans ate a lot of tomatoes. 48.Jefferson learned that tomatoes were good to eat ________. A.while he was in Paris B.when he was a little boy C.because his parents told him so
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B.at noon D.in the evening

D.from books 49.From the passage we know all the honored guests invited by Jefferson were ________. A.people from other countries B.from France C.people of his own country D.men only 50.According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true? A.None of the guests knew the soup was made of tomatoes. B.All of the guests thought the soup was nice. C.Thomas Jefferson knew that tomatoes were good to eat and not poisonous at all. D.All guests didn’t know their President would serve them poison apples. C The pen is more powerful than the sword.There have been many writers who use their pens to write things that were wrong.Mrs.Harriet Beecher Stowe was one of them. She was born in the U.S.A.in 1811.One of her books not only made her famous but had been described as one that excited the world,and was helpful in causing a civil war and freeing the enslaved race.The civil war was the American Civil War of 1861,in which the Northern States fought the Southern States and finally won. This book that shook the world was called Uncle Tom’s Cabin.There was a time when every Englishspeaking man,woman and child had read this novel that did so much to stop slavery.Not many people read it today,but it is still very interesting,if only to show how a warmhearted writer can arouse people’s sympathies.The author herself had neither been to the Southern States nor seen a slave.The Southern Americans were very angry at the book,which they said did not at all represent the true state of affairs,but the Northern Americans were widely excited over it,and were so inspired by it that they were ready to go to war to set the slaves free. 51.Mrs.Harriet Beecher Stowe became famous for ________. A.one of her books B.she was a very warmhearted person C.she was a kind wife D.she worked for the war 52.How old was Mrs.Harriet Beecher Stowe when her world famous book was A.About sixty years old. B.Over fifty years old. C.In her forties. D.Around twenty years old.
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published?

53.What do we learn about Mrs.Harriet Beecher Stowe from the passage? A.Before the Civil War she had been a slave. B.Before the Civil War she had lived in the north of America. C.She had a good school education. D.She was better at writing than swinging a sword. 54.Why could Mrs.Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book cause a civil war in America? Because ________. A.she disclosed the terrible wrongs done to the slaves in the Southern States B.she wrote so well that the Americans loved her very much C.the Americans were too excited when they read the book D.the Southern Americans hated the book,while the Northern Americans liked it 55.What can we learn from the passage? A.No war can be won without such a book as Uncle Tom’s Cabin. B.We must understand the importance of literature and art. C.We needn’t use weapons to fight things that are wrong. D.A writer is more helpful in war than a soldier. D There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling.No school I have ever taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basic skill.There are,however,different ideas about how to teach it,or how much priority (优先) it must be given over general language development and writing ability.The problem is,how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities (复杂性) of spelling. If spelling becomes the only focal (焦点的) point of his teacher’s interest,clearly a bright child will be likely to play_safe.He will tend to write only words within his spelling range,choosing to avoid adventurous language.That’s why teachers often encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability. I was once shocked to read at the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience, “This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is terrible.” It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technical abilities in writing,but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omitted to read the essay,which contained some beautiful expressions of the child’s deep feelings.The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors , but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas , an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation (动机) to seek improvement.

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56.Teachers are different in their opinions about ________. A.the difficulties in teaching spelling B.the role of spelling in general language development C.the complexities of the basic writing skills D.the necessity of teaching spelling 57.The underlined expression “play safe” in Paragraph 2 probably means ________. A.to write carefully B.to do as teachers say C.to use dictionaries frequently D.to avoid using words that he is not sure of 58.Teachers encourage the use of dictionaries so that ________. A.students will be able to express their ideas more freely B.students will have more confidence in writing C.teachers will have less trouble in correcting mistakes D.students will learn to be independent of teachers 59.The author seems to think that the teacher’s judgment on that sensitive piece of writing is ________. A.unfair C.foolish B.reasonable D.careless

60.The major point discussed in the passage is ________. A.the importance of developing writing skills B.the complexities of spelling C.the correct way of marking compositions D.the relationship between spelling and the content of a composition 第二节:下面文章中有 5 处(第 61~65 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F)中选出符合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A.The Introduction of Paris B.Culture of Paris C.The Population Growth in Paris D.The Production of Paris E.The Education in Paris F.The Industries in Paris 61.________ Paris, the capital and the largest city of the country, is in north central France.The Paris

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metropolitan area contains nearly 20% of the nation’s population and is the economic, cultural and political center of France.The French government have historically favored the city as the site for all decision making, thus powerfully attracting nearly all of the nation’s activities. 62.________ Paris has grown steadily since it was chosen as the national capital in the late 10th century.With the introduction of the Industrial Revolution, a great number of people moved to the city from the country during the 19th century.The migration was especially stimulated by the construction of railroads, which provided easy access to the capital.After World War Ⅱ more and more immigrants arrived. 63.________ The city is the centralized control point of most national radio and television broadcasting.It is a place of publication of the most prestigious (有威望的) newspapers and magazines and an international book publishing center.With more than 100 museums, Paris has truly one of the greatest concentrations of art treasures in the world.The Louvre, opened as a museum in 1793, is one of the largest museums in the world. 64.________ In the late 1980s about 4.1 million pupils annually attended about 47,000 elementary schools.In addition, about 5.4 million students attended some 11,200 secondary schools.Approximately 1.2 million students were enrolled annually at universities and colleges in France in the late 1980s.French centers of learning have served as academic models throughout the world. 65.________ Paris is the leading industrial center of France, with about one quarter of the nation’s manufacturing concentrated in the metropolitan area.Industries of consumers goods have always been drawn to Paris by the enormous market of the big population and modern, hightechnology industries also have become numerous since the World War Ⅱ.Chief manufactures are machinary, automobiles, chemicals and electrical equipments. 非选择题部分(共 40 分) 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 On the hot afternoon of last Saturday, Li Yue went downtown and walk from one store to another,

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look for the clothes we would wear in the singing contests.While the rest of us were enjoying our leisure time in cool and comfortably rooms, she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting.Finally she found the suitable clothes.Deeply moving by what she did, we tried our best but won the first prize in the contest.Li Yue is always cares about the class.She often devotes her spare time in helping others.She has set good example to us.Therefore, she deserves the honor and we should learn from him. 第二节:书面表达(满分 30 分) 假设你是李华,于 2011 年 6 月 3 日搭乘国外某航空公司航班(flight number BA793)回国后, 发现遗失了一个行李箱(suitcase)。现请用英文给该航空公司写一封信,请他们帮你寻找。 信件要点包括: ?陈述写信原因 ?简要描述该行李 ?说明其重要性 ?期待回复并表示感谢 注意:词数 100~120。

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18.D [句意为:考试作弊必予追究。get away with 被放过;(做坏事)不受惩罚,符合句意。 get through 接通(电话);让人了解;get over 结束;熬过;get down to 认真地静下心(工作)。]

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46.D

[由第一段第二句可知,西红柿是一种好吃的蔬菜。]

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短文改错

【参考范文】

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