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2. Language points


1.Equality 2. equally 3. philologer; philosophy; philosophical 4. thinker; teachings 5.stressed 6.resignation 7. adviser

8. influential 9. Honesty 10. injustice 11. contributions 12. inventors 13. Argument 14. conditions

1. In ancient China, private teachers traveled from

state to state explaining their philosophy.

from + n.+ to + n. 从一个…到另一个…
from house to house from side to side from time to time from beginning to end from morning to night from head to foot
Vocabulary

from generation to generation explaining…现在分词作伴随状语

2. Confucius’s teachings influenced society for more than 2000 years.
influence n. /v. 影响

Influenced by my parents, I took up the study of medicine/ science.
have an influence on / upon 对…有影响的 比较: effect affect [,influ'en??l] n. 影响, 效果,作用 vt. 影响,感动

influential adj.

effective adj. 有影响力
Vocabulary

4. Man is born good. be born 生来就是, 后接adj. / n. /to do. 他是天才! He was born genius. 没有人天生就是成功的。 No one is born to succeed in life. 人人生而平等。 Every one is born equal. born 天生的(定语) a born teacher/ poet
Vocabulary

5. All human beings are equal.
equal adj. / n./ v. 同等的、胜任、平等 Women demand equal pay for equal work. Bob is quite equal to the job of running the office. I’m not the equal of him in creativity. None of them can equal her, either in beauty of as a dancer. equally equality
Vocabulary

Have a try!
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

古代中国各诸侯国之间经常发生战争。 但那也是一个产生了许多哲学家的时期。 孔子是影响最大的哲学家。 他强调了仁爱、责任和社会秩序的重要性。 孟子是一位思想家,他的理论和孔子的理论很相似。 他母亲把他抚养成人。 统治者没有采纳他的建议,他辞职了。 人与动物不同的原因是人是善良的。 墨子是又一位极具影响力的先哲。
Vocabulary

Ancient China was a place where states ________________with each other. were often at war (Line 1,Para.1, P43)
6. be at war with... 和……处于战争状态
与……争执

The two sisters are always at war with each other. be at + n. 表示“处于一种什么样的状态”或“从事某工作”
不带冠词
Vocabulary

Confucius(551BC-479BC) ________ stressed the importance of kindness, duty and _______ order in society. He is the greatest philosopher in ancient China. _____________ (Para.1 P43)

7. stress vt.强调 、重读 n. 重音、压力 Do you know how to pronounce “philosopher”?
In “philosopher” ,the stress falls on the second 重音 n. syllable(音节). In other words, the word “philosopher” is stressed on the second syllable. We always make a 重读 vt. mistake in pronouncing words under stress. Therefore, 压力 n. I stressed that we should practice our pronunciation 强调 vt. as much as possible.
Word Family

philosopher

philosophy

philosophical
Vocabulary

The stress in “philosophy” falls on the second syllable, too. The word “philosophical” is stressed on the third syllable.

养育

brought up by his mother. He was given Mencius was __________ position in the government of a state. an important __________ After he_________, resigned he traveled ________________ from state to state to spread principles of Confucius.

3. bring up 养育
Is there anyone who wants to bring up a question? 提出 He felt sick and brought up all he had eaten. 呕吐 up

in

bring

out

down

Vocabulary

Work in Pairs Experts were brought________ to advise our government on how to bring_______ house prices and the latest policy has brought__________ our government’s purpose clearly. A. up B. down C. in D. out

Vocabulary

3. bring up 养育
Is there any one who wants to bring up a question? 提出 He felt sick and brought up all he had eaten. 呕吐 up

bring 引进 in bring in new teachers

out

使显现 bring out the best

The competition brought out the best in John.

down 降低 bring down the oil price Bring down the oil price! Hua Run Senior High School brought in many new teachers.
Vocabulary

Work in Pairs
C Experts were brought _____to advise our government B house prices and the latest on how to bring ____ D policy has brought ____our government’s purpose clearly. A. up B. down C. in D. out

Vocabulary

influential Mozi believed Mozi was very ____________. equal In some ways, his that all people were________. beliefs_________________ those of Confucius were similar to while his ides of love___________________ the were different from Confucius ideas of kindness.


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