荆门市 2016 年高三年级元月调考 英语试卷
第I卷 第一部分听力[共两节，满分 30 分] 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听
完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What can we learn from the dialogue? A. The man would like to go by car. B. The woman decided to go by taxi instead of by car. C. The woman hasn't arranged any car. 2. What can we learn from the dialogue? A. The man is helpful and considerate. B. The man was good at eating. C．The man was a cook． 3. Why does the woman want to go to America? A. To take language courses. B. To attend a conference. C. To visit some friends. 4. Where will the man go tonight? A.A cooking school. B.A restaurant. C. The woman's home. 5. Why didn't the woman play baseball with the man? A. She had to help her mother. B. She had to buy a new house for her mother. C. She lived far away from the baseball court. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每 小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6～7 题。 6. How is the last three summers for the past 200 years? A. The hottest. B. The coolest. C. The warmest. 7．Who is to blame? A. The government. B. Climate. C. Humans. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8～9 题。 8. How was the woman feeling? A. Very tired. B. Very disappointed. C. Very pleased. 9. Where are Harry's relatives? A. In Susan's house. B. In New Jersey. C. In Grandpa's house.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 ~12 题。 10. What did the woman think of her brother-in-law? A．He's a cruel man. B. He's a qualified husband. C. He's very hard on his sister. 11. When will his sister be angry with his brother-in-law? A. When he forgets to turn off the li ght. B. When he returns home very late. C. When he makes a serious mistake. 12. What kind of man does the woman like? A. A man who helps out with the family. B.A man who has a lot of money. C. A man who is humorous and smart. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 ~16 题。 13. What's the man's name? A. John. B. Mike. C. Jack. 14. Why did the man only have his right hand? A. He lost his left arm in a car accident. B. His left arm was cut off by accident. C. He lost his left arm in a flight training. 15. What would the man probably be? A.A clerk. B.A fortune-teller. C.A company manager. 16. How many shortcomings are mentioned about the man? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17~20 题。 17. What do you need to have if you want to live long? A. Enough money and fruits. B. Healthy food and plenty of exercise. C. Lots of snacks and proper exercise. 18. Which foods are good to you for lunch or dinner? A. Cereal and congee. B. Rice and vegetables. C. Fish and fruits. 19. How long can someone exercise every day? A. About 30 minutes. B. At least one hour. C. Over an hour and a half. 20. How many sports events are mentioned in the passage? A. Two B．Three. C．Four 第二部分阅读理解[共两节，满分 40 分] 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑 。 A Does watching good TV make you a better person? If you ever feel guilty about the vast amounts of television you watch, might I suggest you refer to the findings of this study, published last week in Psychology of Creativity and the
Arts. In it, the authors claim that watching high-quality television dramas - like Mad Men or The West Wing - can increase your emotional intelligence. That is, watching good TV makes you more empathetic(同感的). In the paper, the authors describe two experiments that led them to their pro-TV conclusion. In one, they asked about 100 people to first watch either a television drama (Mad Men or The West Wing) or a nonfiction program (How the Universe Works or Shark Week: Jaws Strikes Back). Afterward, all of the participants took a test psychologists often use to measure emotional intelligence: The results showed that the people who'd watched the fictionalized shows did better on this test than those who watched the nonfiction ones. They tried this again, only switching up the programs (The Good Wife and Lost versus Nova and Through the Wormhole) and adding a control group, too: people who took the eyereading test without watching any television first. Again, their results showed that the fiction viewers' empathy scores were superior to those who hadn't watched anything in advance. It's a similar finding to a widely reported 2013 study that claimed that reading literary fiction is linked to better scores on this empathy-measuring test. The authors of that study and this new one argue that a complex fictional narrative forces the reader or viewer to consider a problem from multiple ways; further, since not every character's emotion is clearly spelled out, the audience must do some mental work to fill in those gaps, making a guess at the inner lives of the character. 21. What do Mad Men or The West Wing refer to in paragraph l? A. Novels B. TV Dramas C. Magazines D. Websites 22. What were the participants required to do first in the experiment? A. To get trained. B. To watch TV. C. To imitate each other. D. To compare different dramas. 23. The test is especially beneficial for those who are interested in A. their creativity B. their eye-reading test C. their emotional intelligence D. their test scores 24. We can know from this empathy-measuring test that _ . A. the fiction viewers were inferior to those who hadn't watched anything B. the researchers must do some mental work to fill in those gaps C. 100 participants must watch both a television drama and a nonfiction program D. reading literary fiction has something to do with better scores B Self-promotion plays a big part in the success of any business. Press releases are free, and often the coverage is far more extensive than anything you could have hoped to say in an ad. Keep in mind that your goal is to attract favorable media attention when you intend to write
a suitable press release, please follow these steps: * Things You'll Need . Decide why you are writing a press release an d determine your focus. . Keep it short and to the point. Usually, press releases are no more than one page. . Print the words "FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE" in the top left-hand margin in all caps. Follow this line with related contact information: name, title, address, phone number, email address. * Create a headline and center it in bold type just above the first line of the body of the press release. Headlines typically highlight the most important, significant or shocking fact in the release. Tips & Warnings . Press releases are written in block style. . Have an objective person read your press release and tell you whether he or she would be interested enough to read a newspaper story about it. If not, consider going back to rewrite. . Hire a professional photographer to cover your eve nt so you can include relevant photos with your rele ase. . Send your press release to the reporter that covers the area you are targeting instead of a managing or senior editor. Often, this will turn into a story much faster. 25. The text is especially helpful for those who care about . A. being objective persons B. writing press releases C. taking attractive photos D. writing news reports 26. If you want to report your event, you need to A. write in block style B. keep it short and to the point C. to devote yourself to it D. employ an expert photographer 27. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. How to Write a Proper Press Release. B. How to set our goals. C. How to focus our attention on reading. D. How to read a newspaper. C If you really want to get to know someone, travel with them. Having said that, I've heard horror stories, and with a couple of plans in the works for future trips with friends. I wanted to find some people who have successfully traveled with friends for advice on how to keep sensible when the trip involves lots of time spending with my best friends. 1. Talk money ahead of time
When you're traveling with friends, the topic of money will certainly come up. It's a good idea to talk about expenses before even booking the tickets. 2. Create a group schedule When traveling in a group, a lot of time can be wasted trying to figure out what to do once you get there - if this hasn't been discussed ahead of time. 3. Nominate a trip leader If you'll be traveling in a group with? different? friends, it can be hard to keep everyone? motivated, so we should choose? one person to be the key decision maker of the group for the trip. The leader can set? departure? times and let everyone know the basic plan by giving it a proper arrangement. 4. Put your important documents together Once you've chosen a leader, using a travel fol der to gather all tickets, maps and other important documents can help?? the process of group travel smoothly, as well. 5. Power down Nothing is more likely to cause anger than when one person is trying to have a conversation with someone who's busy showing off the trip online. Turn off all messages,? voi cemails? and social media activity, and live in the moment with your friends. When you travel and end up spending the time with your face buried in your phone, your companions will certainly think your social networking is more interesting than their company. 6. Set specific free time If you do decide to go by yourself and set your specific free time, you can use a communication app, like Wechat , to stay in touch. It allows you to send your location and communicate effectively if you travel alone while exploring. 28. The purpose of the text is to _ . A. entertain B. advertise C. have fun D. persuade 29. If you want to book the tickets before travelling, the most important topic you are concerned about is . A. Nominate a trip leader B. Create a group schedule C. Talk money ahead of time D. Put your important documents together 30. Why is your company angry with you? A. You turn off your communicative equipment B. You only have a conversation with others. C. You only enjoy yourself while travelling. D. You are only interested in social networking. 31. What are you expected to do if you travel by yourself? A. Use a communication app. B. Get everything ready in advance. C. Use a travel folder. D. Explore in specific free time. D Colleges give future students very little information about how much money they can
expect to earn in the job market. In part that's because colleges may not want people to know, and in part it's because such information is difficult and expensive to gather. On Saturday, the federal government solved that problem by releasing a huge set of new data detailing the earnings of people who attended nearly every college and university in America. The Department of Education was thus able to calculate how much money people who were admitted into individual colleges in 2001 and 2002 were earning 10 years later. On the surface, the trends aren't surprising - students who are admitted into wealthy, excellent colleges earn more than those who do not. The national universities producing the top earners are no surprise: Harvard, M. I. T. , Stanfor d and others that routinely top the annual U. S. News and World Report college rankings. The Department of Education calculated the percentage of students at each college who earned more than $ 25,000 per year, which is about what high school graduates earn. At hundreds of colleges, less than half of students reached the level 10 years after enrolling. At Bennington College in Vermont, over 48 percent of former students were earning less than $ 25,000 per year. A quarter were earning less than $ 10,600 per year. At Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, the median annual earnings were only $35, 700. Results at the University of New Mexico were almost exactly the same. The data reveals how much money students are borrowing in exchange for earnings after graduation. While U. C. L. A. and Penn State are both famous public research universities, recent U.C.L.A. graduates leave with about 30 percent less debt, even as their predecessors （前任）are earning about 30 percent more money at Penn State. Harvard students borrow barely a quarter of what Brandeis students take on, and earn nearly twice as much. 32. How did the federal government settle the problem? A. By releasing a huge set of new data. B. By gathering difficult information. C. By calculating the earnings of people. D. By providing the final results. 33. Students in wealthy and first class colleges usually earn____. A. less B. more C. the same D. nothing 34. Which universities can probably produce top earners? A. Bennington College and Bard College. B. U. C. L. A. and Penn State Universities. C. Harvard, M. I.T. and Stanford. D. Bennington College and U.C.L. A. 35. How much percentage could the former students at Bennington College probably earn every year? A.10%. B.25%.C. Nearly 50%. D. Just 48%. 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余 选项。 You like to read about staying healthy and living a long life. 36 Here are some highlights from the Health Report for 2014. It includes comments from our international
audience. Sit Less, Live Longer 37 The story "Sit Less, Live Longer" explores the dangers of sitting too much. It encouraged many of you to get up from your desks and move more at work. Are You Hardcore Enough for CrossFit? CrossFit is a fitness trend that has been very popular in recent years. It uses very basic but very challenging exercises. 38 But some like the fact that you do the exercises in teams. How Does My Brain Work Best? 39 And they seem to like reports on how to use their brains most effectively. For example, we wrote about a study that found if you write your class notes by hand, you will remember them better than if you type them. Is Writing Notes by Hand Better Than Typing? Henry from Venezuela says, "Taking notes is helpful when I put all the words down using my hand. I just take into consideration what is important to me." And a listener called “White Crystal" from Vietnam says, "In my opinion, when you want to remember something, write it. Because , when you're writing it means you're thinking about it. You use listening, understanding, seeing and thinking.” It's Never Too Late to Make Your Dreams Come True Mr. Reid, Nobue from Japan wrote, "Actually ,I have some dreams in mind, and follow these dreams. 40 I will give them my best shot.” A. You like to know how your brain works best. B. All of us lack good living methods. C．We all sit a lot. D. some think that it is unlikely to be a challenging sport. E. I am such a happy person that I can follow my dreams. F. Some say it is too easy to get hurt doing CrossFit. G. Our listeners like their brains. 第三部分英语知识运用[共两节，满分 45] 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的 最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 One True Love He never believed that true love existed. His 41 divorced when he was young and he didn't think that true love was able to 42 in today's world. He was proven wrong. His grandparents 43 tried to help them. He? knew they loved each other, but he wasn't 44 it was true love. He had never heard them 45 ,“I love you" other than hugging. They had been married for over fifty years and he thought that their true love was 46 .But again he was wrong. His grandfather, Ralph, was ill, fell and hurt his hip(臀部). 47 in the hospital, the doctors told him that he 48 lung cancer. It was around Thanksgiving Day and by Christmas his 49 worsened. The cancer spread and his sister called him 50 and said that their grandfather had only a 5 1 to live
and by the weekend he would no longer be with them. He 52 that true love does exist today and will survive beyond 53 . Every night as his grandfather grew more fragile, he would whisper sweet 54 to grandmother, Madge. The night before he died, 55 was walking out of his room and he said to her “I 56 you, Madge”. The next morning he received a 57 at work that grandfather had passed away during the 58 . Throughout his short battle with cancer, he realized how much two people can love each other and he realized how much it means to be loved and 59 10ve. It is the greatest 60 on earth and it lasts beyond life because you never forget your one true love. 41.A.parents B. children C. grandparents D. wife 42.A.keep B. exist C. get D. disappear 43.A.seldom B. hardly C. ne ver D. always 44.A.enthusiastic B. afraid C. sure D. negative 45.A.say B. talk C. speak D. tell 46.A.atttractive B. rough C. gone D. enjoyable 47.A.Unless B. While C. Once D. Though 48.A.suffered from B. resulted from C. died from D. recovered from 49.A. stage B. environment C. movement D. condition 50.A.whispering B. laughing C. crying D. joking 51.A.day B. week C. month D. year 52.A.realized B. agreed C. resisted D. rejected 53.A.control B. repair C. life D. death 54.A.flowers B. words C. smiles D. expressions 55.A.uncle B. grandson C. grandmother D. mother 56.A.love B. hate C. envy D. desert 57.A.letter B. phone C. note D. poster 58.A.morning B. midday C. night D. dawn 59.A.lack B. admire C. lose D. give 60.A.description B. achievement C. contribution D. gift 第Ⅱ卷 第三部分英语知识运用[共两节，满分 45 分] 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填人适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 In 2016, athletes from around the world will compete for gold 61 (medal) in the Summer Olympics. Brazil was named to host this important sporting event____62 October, 2009. It will be the first Olympics 63 (hold) in South America. The games will take place in Rio de Janeiro. The city beat out three other sites, Madrid, Tokyo and Chicago, to host the event. When 64 International Olympic Committee chose Rio de Janeiro, cheering people 65 (flood)? the city's streets.?? The Olympics ar e expected j66 (attract) tens of thousands of people. Brazilian officials 67 (sincere) hope hosting the games will improve life in Brazil. About 30 percent 68 people there live in
poverty, or in poor conditions. Tourism during the Olympics is expected to create more than 2 million jobs. ¨It's 69 (go) to be good for the economy, and good for the people," Brazil's president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva says. "This gives us hope that things will be 70 (good) here.” 第四部分 写作[共两节满分 35 分] 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（/\） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 One day, the wind and the sun were arguing about whom was the strongest. "It is clear that l was the strongest," said the wind. "When I blow, branches breaks off the trees. “That's nothing," said the sun. “I am very much stronger than that.” Just then, they saw a man wear a heavy coat. "We will try to make her take off his coat," said the sun. "Whoever succeeds will be the strongest.” The wind blew hardly at the man, so it was useless. Then the sun came out and shone gently down on the man. The man smiled and took his coat to enjoy the warm sunshine. "You see?" asked the sun. "Kindness and g entleness are stronger than anything on the world." 第二节 书面表达 假设你叫李明，现在在中国驻英国大使馆 T 作，你的大学同学林立写信告诉你他正在申请 赴英留学，想知道初到英国可能会遇到的困难。请你用英语给他写一封回信，信的内容应包括： 1．可能会遇到的困难：语言方面的障碍，饮食的不习惯，想家，孤独等； 2．中西方文化的差异，天气的多变， 3．愿意尽力帮助他。 4．词数：100 左右。开头和结尾已为你写好，不计人总字数。 Dear Lin li， I'm glad to hear from you. You asked me about the difficulties you may meet with when you get here in UK.
Yours, Li Ming
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