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必修四unit2二


一、词汇练习 A 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.There is no (tell)what will happen. 2.It’s no use (argue)with Tom because he will never change his mind. 3.The girl has to practice (play)the piano for 2 hours per day.

4.When he heard the news,he couldn’t help (jump) with joy. 5.I think I’ll have to give up (play) football because of the coming examination. 6.They are considering (go) to Hainan for the summer holiday. 7.The cat ran away to avoid (catch) . 8.The book is worth (read). B 翻译句子,利用括号中所给的词或短语 1.今天的课主要讲如何写新闻总结。 (focus on ;a summary of ) 2.我们必须快速浏览这个报告,找到它的主要内容。 (skim; to find ) 3.老师让我们将难懂的单词划线并查字典(找出其意思) 。 (tell sb.to do ;underline) 4.他说像统计数据这样的细节就不必包括在内了。 (statistics ;details,include) 5.我想我将用到一篇关于农民们让自己的土地远离化肥的报告。 (keep……free of ;chemical fertilizers) 6.这个农民花了 20 年的时间来创建自己的企业。 (build up) 7.使用过多的化肥导致了严重的问题。 (lead to) 二、语法选择 1. on January 20,2009 let American people see the hope of their economic recovery. A. The president took office B. The president to take office C. The president has taken office D. The president’s taking office 2.It is no good all the time. A.complaining B.to complain C.complained D.complain 3.I regret that I’m too busy in the talk. A.to say;to participate B.saying;participating C.to say;participating D.saying;to participate 4.Seeing the funny scene,I can’t help . A.laugh B.to laugh C.laughing D.laughed 5.---Why did Bob weep? ----He couldn’t bear like that before the whole class. A.making fun of B.being made fun of C.to be laughed at D.being made fun 6. to the station on time made everyone worried last week. A.Him not getting B.Not his getting C.His not getting D.Not getting 7.I have to go to work on foot,for my bike needs . A.repair B.to repair C.repairing D.being repaired 8.Never mind.Please try the problem in another way.
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A.solve B.to solve C.being solved D.solving 9.To improve your spoken English ,you should practise it every day. A.speak B.to be spoken C.speaking D.to speak 10.She has been used to abroad. A.live B.to live C.lived D.living 三、阅读理解 A If you want your land to keep fertile,you must try to stop soil from being carried away by water or winds .When soil is taken away by flowing water or blowing winds ,we call it soil erosion.Ways have been found to stop soil erosion,and this is known as soil conservation .One way of stopping soil erosion is to grow small plants such as grasses . These plants are referred to as cover crops,whose roots hold the soil tightly together .The rain water cannot wash away the soil.When trees and tall bushes are planted at the edges of an open field,soil erosion by strong winds cannot take place. The trees and bushes,which act as a very big and firm wall, protect the open land from the winds.The way to stop soil erosion on slopes is to build terraces on the slope of hillside and mountainside .When the slope of a hillside is cut into “steps”,water carrying soil cannot run straight down the terraces , which are used to slow down the speed of the flowing water containing much soil in it . In this way most of the soil in the water is left behind on the terraces. Much soil in it is kept. 1.What takes place in soil erosion? A.Flood happens to the fertile land. B.A large quantity of the earth wears away gradually. C.Terraces are built on the slope of hillside or mountainside . D.Terraces are grown to protect the open land . 2. Besides afforestation,another method to fight against soil erosion is to . A.build terraces B.build walls .C.plant trees D.plant flowers 3. Trees and tall bushes are planted around an open field . A.because their roots hold soil tightly B.to stop soil from being blown away by winds C.because soil erosion causes terrible damage to crops D.To keep the ecological balance 4. Which of the following is the best title of the passage? A.What Cause Soil Afforestation B. The Importance of Afforestation C. Rain Erosion and Wind Erosion D.Erosion and the Ways to Fight Against Erosion B From the beginning of human history ,wild animals provided food,clothing and sometimes medicine for man.We may not depend as much on wild animals now. But we hear about them every day.Americans use the names of animals in many ways.Automobile manufacturers and gasoline companies especially like to use big cats to sell their products.They like lions, tigers and wildcats. When Americans say wildcat, they usually mean a lynx,an ocelot or a bobcat.All these cats attack quickly and fiercely . So wildcats represent something fast and fierce. An early American use of the word wildcat was quite different .It was used to describe
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members of Congress who declared war on Britain in 1812 .A magazine of that year said the wildcat congressmen went home.It said they were unable to face the responsibility of having involved their country in an unnecessary war. Wildcat also has been used as a name for money in the 1800s.At that time,some states permitted banks to make their own money.One bank in the state of Michigan offered paper money with a picture of a wildcat on it .Some banks ,however, did not have enough gold to support all the paper money they offered . So the money had little or no value. It was called a wildcat bill or a wildcat bank note. The banks who offered this money were called wildcat banks . A newspaper of the time said those were the days of wildcat money . It said a man might be rich in the morning and poor by night. Wildcat then was also used for an oil well or gold mine that had almost no oil or gold in it .Dishonest developers would buy such property. Then they would sell it and leave town with the money . The buyers were left with worthless holes in the ground. Today,wildcat oil wells are in areas that are not known to have oil. 1.What is the main idea of the passage? A. Wildcats and their stories. B. Wildcats and their characters. C. varieties of animal species. D. Relationship between animals and humans. 2. From the passage we can know that . A.wildcats represent the state of Michigan B.the use of wildcats was not always the same C.wildcats are the best friend of human beings D.honest developers never buy wildcat oil wells 3. The underlined words “a lynx,an ocelot or a bobcat”in Paragraph 1 may refer to “ ”. A.gasoline companies B.automobile manufacturers C.names of wildcats D.brands of automobile 4. Which of the following would people like to have or trust according to the passage? A. Wildcat congressmen. B. Wildcat oil wells C. Wildcat banks D. Wildcat cars. C 短文填句 Q&A Question:I have recently got a senior position within my company.One of my new tasks is to make monthly progress reports on my department in front of other senior officials.During my first meeting, I presented and then opened the floor to questions. 1 My first reaction was to answer defensively. But how can I keep cool and effectively answer questions in this type of settings? Answer:Congratulations on your new position!Presenting in front of your peers(同事)is a hard task in itself ,and it becomes much more difficult when a question-and -answer period is required .Question-and-answer periods are a great way to clarify the message and strengthen key points. 2 * 3 When a person is asking a question, show interest and desire to understand the question by listening and asking for clarification. *Buy time When facing a hard question, most people can’t give an answer immediately .Buy time by repeating the question in your own words . 4 These techniques allow you to quickly organize your thoughts as well as to make sure you will be correctly answering the question.
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*Suggest a private meeting. A one-on-one meeting is a calmer setting than speaking in front of your peers. 5 A. Show your true interest. B. Restate the question with respect . C. Some ideas can be quite concrete . D. There were many difficult questions. E. It can also be more effective in exchanging ideas. F. You may also ask for clarification on the question. G. Here are some ideas that can help you prepare for your next meeting. 四、完形填空(一) Mrs Green was a science teacher.She found that the students had learnt the science effectively , 1 to teaching them in a practical way. In order that her pupils’ parents would be 2 with her methods,she 3 arranged for all the parents to come and see the 4 of one of the children’s experiments on a Saturday evening ,when all of them were free. The children had been 5 the growth of plants ,and they had 6 four pots of beans a few weeks before.They had put poor 7 in one pot ,to see what effect this would have on the 8 of the beans in it, and good soil in the other three pots.Then they had kept one of the pots in the 9 for several days,and had given a third pot no water for the same length of 10 .At the end of the lesson on Friday afternoon ,Mrs Alice put little notes on the four 11 : “The beans in this pot were planted in poor soil.” “This pot has been 12 in the dark for four days.” “These beans have had no water for four days.” “These beans have had good soil ,plenty of light and 13 water.”Then she went home. When she arrived on 14 evening ,half an hour before the 15 arrived,Mrs Green found this note beside the pots: Mrs Green, We 16 your notes to the school servant and thought we would help him.In order to keep the beans 17 from lack of water,we watered all the plants, 18 the earth in the one with poor soil,and 19 the one outdoors for the sunlight which had been left in the dark for four days .We would 20 see that the plants grow well. Yours, Cary 1.A.up B.likely C.close D.thanks 2.A.satisfied B.gradual C.exact D.equal 3.A.however B.therefore C.even D.instead 4.A.progress B.method C.purpose D.result 5.A.studying B.considering C.destroying D.preventing 6.A.bought B.brought C.planted D.found 7.A.oil B.water C.soil D.dust 8.A.taste B.smell C.shape D.growth 9.A.sunshine B.dark C.rain D.sand 10.A.rest B.research C.time D.distance 11.A.plants B.beans C.experiments D.pots 12.A.put B.kept C.trapped D.buried 13.A.clean B.cold C.warm D.regular
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14.A.Friday B. Saturday C. Sunday D. Monday 15.A.children B.students C.parents D.teachers 16.A.read B.wrote C.answered D.passed 17.A.free B.content C.fortunate D.ordinary 18.A.changed B.threw C.checked D.tested 19.A.put B.take C.left D.came 20.A.very B.too C.fairly D.rather (二)阅读下面的短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词。

请将答案写在文后相应的横线上。

Dou Kuo, a Chinese boy, 1 (call) “the youngest writer in the world”. He 2 (write) three books now. Dou Kuo was born in Jiangsu Province in 1994. When he was seven months old, his parents 3 (start) working in over thirty cities, such as Xi’an and Shenzhen. This kind of life gave him things to think and write about. When Dou Kuo was nine months old, he 4 (speak) and at the age of one he could say five to six hundred words. At three, he could look up words in the dictionary. At four, his father taught him to learn something. His parents liked 5 (read) very much. So does he. At the age of five, he began writing fairy tales (童话). His fairy tales 6 (be) all from his life. One day he found many mice (老鼠) in the house. They not only ate their food but also hurt his mother ’s hand. So he thought, “If we give mice stomachs (胃) of cows, they 7 (eat) grass and it will be helpful to people.” This was his first fairy tale “Changing Stomachs for Mice”. At six, he 8 (write) a novel about his own life in different cities with his parents. Now, he 9 (study) well in a middle school. He has written his third book, the novel called “Eyes of Childhood”. He says, “I am not different from other children. I just 10 (write) several books.”
五、短文改错 Dear Ming, It was very nice to hear from you for a long time .I’m glad to learn that you’ve been settled down in Boston and are getting used to the local ways of life. As you know,I’m still buried with books at school you are so familiar with.What may surprise you are that I’m going to the US this July in a summer camp!Surely I’m expecting lots of sightseeing tours, parties and another exciting things. We must definitely meet when I’m over.As is planning,I’m coming to Boston around the 15th ,and I wonder if you’ll free then so we could chat about the good old days. Hope to see you soon. Yours, Xiao Lei

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