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2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题(湖南卷)解析版

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷) 英 语 PartⅠ Listening Comprehension (30 marks) Section A (22.5 marks)

Directions: In this section, you will hear

six conversations between two speakers. For each conversation, there are several questions and each question is followed by three choices marked A, B and C. Listen carefully and then choose the best answer for each question. You will hear each conversation TWICE. Conversation 1
1. Where is the man going? A. Kennedy. B. London. 2. When should the man arrive at the airport? A. By 8:15. B. By 9:00. C. New York. C. By 9:25.

Conversation 2
3. What is the woman doing? A. Taking a taxi. B. Doing shopping. man. 4. Where are the two speakers going to meet? A. At home. B. In a shop. C. Waiting for the

C. In a restaurant.

Conversation 3
5. What is the woman looking for? A. A pan. B. Carrots. 6. What will the speakers probably have tonight? A. French fries. B. Noodles. C. Tomatoes. C. Fried chicken.

Conversation 4
7. What will the project focus on? A. A dog. B. A fish. 8. What can we know about John? A. He has conducted the survey. B. He is making cards now. C. He will do the introduction. 9. Who can handle the summarizing? A. Carol. B. Tom. C. A cat.

C. Mary.

Conversation 5
10. What can we know about the woman’s vacation? A. She will stay on the beaches. B. She will go camping in the jungle. C. She will spend 3 weeks in South Africa. 11. Which does the woman need to bring? A. A map. B. A tent. 12. Who will prepare the meals? A. The man. B. The guide.

C. Some clothes. C. The woman.

Conversation 6
13. What are the two speakers doing? A. Discussing a lecture. B. Visiting a museum. C. Attending party. 14. Which job has Jane applied for? A. Salesgirl. B. Waitress. C. Volunteer. 15. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Father and daughter. C. Classmates. Section B (7.5 marks) a

Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. Listen carefully and then fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. You will hear the short passage TWICE.
How to Speak English 16. ___________ I. Speak often The more often you speak, the 17. ___________ it becomes II. Relax & 18. ___________ the message ● Don’t focus on the grammar rules only. ● Talk about something 19. ___________. III. Practise what you want to say Speak to 20. ___________ a few times.

Part II

Language Knowledge (45 marks)

Section A (15 marks)

Directions: For each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
21. Happiness and success often come to those ________ are good at recognizing their own strengths. A. whom B. who C. what D. which

22. “What do you want to be?” asked Mrs. Crawford. “Oh, I ________ president,” said the boy, with a smile. A. have been B. am C. was D. will be

23. You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________ you reach any decision. A. although B. before C. because D. unless

24. Around two o’clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ________ us. A. bothers B. had bothered C. would bother D. bothered

25. The sun began to rise in the sky, ________ the mountain in golden light. A. bathed B. bathing C. to have bathed D. have bathed

26. If nothing ________, the oceans will turn into fish deserts. A. does B. had been done C. will do

D. is done

27. — Have you heard about the recent election? — Sure, it ________ the only thing on the news for the last three days. A. would be B. is C. has been D. will be

28. Do not let any failures discourage you, for you can never tell ________ close you may be to victory. A. how B. that C. which D. where

29. You cannot accept an opinion ________ to you unless it is based on facts. A. offering B. to offer C. having offered D. offered

30. Every day ________ a proverb aloud several times until you have it memorized. A. read B. reading C. to read D. reads

31. ________ warm at night, I would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it. A. Staying B. Stayed C. To stay D. Stay

32. He ________ sleep, although he tried to, when he got on such a hunt for an idea until he had caught it. A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mustn’t

33. The university estimates that living expenses for international students ________ around $8,450 a year, which ________ a burden for some of them. A. are;is B. are;are C. is;are D. is;is

34. — I don’t understand why you didn’t go to the lecture yesterday afternoon. — had done B. was doing C. would do D. am doing

35. Not once ________ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class. A. occurred it B. it did occur C. it occurred D. did it occur

Section B (18 marks)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
When I was 8 years old, I once decided to run away from home. With my suitcase 36 and some sandwiches in a bag, I started for the front door and said to Mom, “I’m leaving.” “If you want to 37 , that’s all right,” she said. “But you came into this

home without anything and you can leave the same way.” I 38 my suitcase and sandwiches on the floor heavily and started for the door again. “Wait a minute,” Mom said. “I want your 39 back. You didn’t wear anything when you arrived.” This really angered me. I tore my clothes off—shoes, socks, underwear and all—and 40 , “Can I go now?” “Yes,” Mom answered, “but once you close that door, don’t expect to come back.” I was so 41 that I slammed (砰地关上) the door and stepped out on the front porch. 42 I realized that I was outside, with nothing on. Then I noticed that down the street, two neighbor girls were walking toward our house. I ran to 43 behind a big tree in our yard at once. After a while, I was 44 the girls had passed by. I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. “Who’s there?” I heard. “It’s Billy! Let me in!” The voice behind the 45 answered, “Billy doesn’t live here anymore. He ran away from home.” Glancing behind me to see if anyone else was coming, I begged, “Aw, c’mon, Mom! I’m 46 your son. Let me in!” The door inched open and Mom’s smiling face appeared. “Did you change your 47 about running away?” she asked. “What’s for supper?” I answered. (277 words) 36. A. packed 37. A. drop out 38. A. pressed pulled 39. A. bag 40. A. explained shouted 41. A. angry ashamed 42. A. Certainly 43. A. play 44. A. sure 45. A. house 46. A. also 47. A. conclusion B. returned B. go by B. shook B. clothes B. suggested B. sorry B. Naturally B. bide B. proud B. tree B. still B. promise C. cleaned C. move around C. threw C. sandwiches C. continued C. frightened D. repaired D. run away D. D. suitcase D. D.

C. Suddenly D. Possibly C. rest D. wave C. eager D. curious C. door D. yard C. even D. already C. concern D. decision

Section C (12 marks)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.
When kids in parts of the world want to play, they often make soccer balls out of trash tied together with string. “ 48 the areas used for playing fields are often rough and rocky, millions of real balls go flat (变瘪) 49 24 hours,” says Tim Jahnigen, a California businessman. Determined to solve this problem, 50

created an indestructible ball called the One World Futbol. The ball is made of 51 special material, ethylene-vinyl acetate foam. It’s lightweight, it’s flexible, and— 52 important—it holds its shape. The One World Futbol needs no pump 53 won’t wear out, even on rough surfaces. When tested, 54 withstood (经受住) being crushed by a car, and even being chewed on by a lion. Although it costs more to produce 55 a typical soccer ball, Jahnigen estimates the One World Futbol can last 30 years. So far, it’s been given to kids in 143 countries. (154 words)

【 考 点 定 位 】: 考 查

【考点定位】 : Part III Reading Comprehension (30 marks)

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage.
A Planning a visit to the UK? Here we help with ways to cut your costs. AVOID BIG EVENTS Big sporting events, concerts and exhibitions can increase the cost of accommodation and make it harder to find a room. A standard double room at the Thistle Brighton on the final Friday of the Brighton Comedy Festival (19 Oct.) cost ?169.15 at Booking.com. A week later, the same room cost ?118.15. If you can be flexible and want to know dates to avoid—or you’re looking for a big event to pass your time—check out sites such as Whatsonwhen.com, which allow you to search for events in the UK by city, date and category. STAYAWAY FROM THE STATION If traveling to your destination by train, you may want to find a good base close to the station, but you could end up paying more for the sake of convenience at the start of your holiday. Don’t be too choosy about the part of town you stay in. Booking two months in advance, the cheapest room at Travelodge’s Central Euston hotel in London for Saturday 22 September was ?95.95. A room just a tube journey away at its Covent Garden hotel was ?75.75. And at Farringdon, a double room cost just ?62.95. LOOK AFTER YOURSELF Really central hotels in cities such as London, Edinburgh and Cardiff can cost a fortune, especially at weekends and during big events. As an alternative consider checking into a self-catering flat with its own kitchen. Often these flats are hidden away on the top floors of city centre buildings. A great example is the historic O’Neill Flat on Edinburgh’s Royal Mile, available for ?420 for five days in late September, with room for four adults. GET ON A BIKE London’s ‘Boris bikes’ have attracted the most attention, but other cities also have similar programmes that let you rent a bicycle and explore at your own pace, saving you on public transport or car parking costs.

Among the smaller cities with their own programmes are Newcastle (casual members pay around ?1.50 for two hours) and Cardiff (free for up to 30 minutes, or ?5 per day). (358 words) 56. The Brighton Comedy Festival is mentioned mainly to show big events may __________. A. help travelers pass time B. attract lots of travelers to the UK C. allow travelers to make flexible plans D. cause travelers to pay more for accommodation 57. “Farringdon” in Paragraph 5 is most probably __________. A. a hotel away from the train station B. the tube line to Covent Garden C. an ideal holiday destination D. the name of a travel agency 58. The passage shows that the O’Neill Flat __________. A. lies on the ground floor B. is located in central London C. provides cooking facilities for tourists D. costs over ?100 on average per day in late September 59. Cardiff’s program allows a free bike for a maximum period of __________. A. half an hour B. one hour C. one hour and a half D. two hours 60. The main purpose of the passage is __________. A. to tell visitors how to book in advance B. to supply visitors with hotel information C. to show visitors the importance of self-help D. to offer visitors some money-saving tips

【考点定 位】 :

【考点定位】 :

B In my living room, there is a plaque (匾) that advises me to “Bloom (开花) where you are planted.” It reminds me of Dorothy. I got to know Dorothy in the early 1980s, when I was teaching Early Childhood Development through a program with Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. The job responsibilities required occasional visits to the classroom of each teacher in the program. Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area. Dorothy taught in a school In Harlan County, Kentucky, Appalachian Mountain area. To get to her school from the town of Harlan, I followed a road winding around the mountain. In the eight-mile journey, I crossed the same railroad track five times, giving the possibility of getting caught by the same train five times. Rather than feeling excited by this drive through the mountains, I found it depressing. The poverty level was shocking and the small shabby houses gave me the greatest feeling of hopelessness. From the moment of my arrival at the little school, all gloom (忧郁) disappeared. Upon arriving at Dorothy’s classroom. I was greeted with smiling faces and treated like a queen. The children had been prepared to show me their latest projects. Dorothy told me with a big smile that they were serving poke greens salad and cornbread for “dinner” (lunch). In case you don’t know, poke greens are a weed-type plant that grows wild, especially on poor ground. Dorothy never ran out of reports of exciting activities of her students. Her enthusiasm never cooled down. When it came time to sit for the testing and interviewing required to receive her Child Development Associate Certification, Dorothy was ready. She came to the assessment and passed in all areas. Afterward, she invited me to the one-and-only steak house in the area to celebrate her victory, as if she had received her Ph. D. degree. After the meal, she placed a little box containing an old pen in my hand. She said it was a family heirloom (传家宝), but to me it is a treasured symbol of appreciation and pride that cannot be matched with

things. (360 words) 61. “Early Childhood Development” in Paragraph 1 refers to __________. A. a program directed by Dorothy B. a course given by the author C. an activity held by the students D. an organization sponsored by Union college 62. In the journey, the author was most disappointed at seeing __________. A. the long track B. the poor houses C. the same train D. the winding road 63. Upon arriving at the classroom, the author was cheered up by __________. A. a warm welcome B. the sight of poke greens C. Dorothy’s latest projects D. a big dinner made for her 64. What can we know about Dorothy from the last paragraph? A. She was invited to a celebration at a restaurant. B. She got a pen as a gift from the author. C. She passed the required assessment. D. She received her Ph. D. degree. 65. What does the author mainly intend to tell us? A. Whatever you do, you must do it carefully. B. Whoever you are, you deserve equal treatment. C. However poor you are, you have the right to education, D. Wherever you are, you can accomplish your achievement. 61.

【考点定位】 :


【考点定位】 :


【考点定位】 :


【考点定位】 : 65.

【考点定位】 : C It’s such a happy-looking library, painted yellow, decorated with palm-tree stickers and sheltered from the Florida sun by its own roof. About the size of a microwave oven, it’s pedestrian-friendly, too, waiting for book lovers next to a sidewalk in Palm Beach country Estates, along the northern boundary of Palm Beach Gardens. It’s a library built with love. A year ago, shortly after Janey Henriksen saw a Brian Williams report about the Little Free Library organization, a Wisconsin-based nonprofit that aims to promote literacy and build a sense of community in a neighborhood by making books freely available, she announced to her family of four, “That’s what we’re going to do for our spring break!” Son Austin, now a 10th-grader, didn’t see the point of building a library that resembles a mailbox. But Janey insisted, and husband Peter unwillingly got to work. The 51-year-old owner of a ship supply company modified a small wooden house that he’d built years earlier for daughter Abbie’s toy horses, and made a door of glass. After adding the library’s final touches (装点), the family hung a signboard on the front, instructing users to “take a book, return a book,” and making the Henriksen library, now one of several hundred like it nationwide and among more than

2,500 in the world, the only Little Free Library in Palm Beach County. They stocked it with 20 or so books they’d already read, a mix of science fiction, reference titles, novels and kids’ favorites. “I told them, keep in mind that you might not see it again,” said Janey, a stay-at-home mom. Since then, the collection keeps replenishing (补充) itself, thanks to ongoing donations from borrowers. The library now gets an average of five visits a day. The project’s best payoff, says Peter, are the thank-you notes left behind. “We had no idea in the beginning that it would be so popular.” (317 words) 66. In what way is the library “pedestrian-friendly”? A. It owns a yellow roof. B. It stands near a sidewalk. C. It protects book lovers from the sun. D. It uses palm-tree stickers as decorations. 67. Janey got the idea to build a library from __________. A. a visit to Brian Williams B. a spring break with her family C. a book sent by one of her neighbors D. a report on a Wisconsin-based organization 68. The library was built __________. A. by a ship supply company B. on the basis of toy horses C. like a mailbox D. with glass 69. What can we infer about the signboard? A. It was made by a user of the library. B. It marked a final touch to the library. C. It aimed at making the library last long. D. It indicated the library was a family property. 70. The passage tells us that the users __________. A. donate books to the library B. get paid to collect books for the library C. receive thank-you notes for using the library D. visit the library over 5 times on average daily 66.



68. 【 考 点 定 位 】


【 考 点 定 位 】:


【考点定位】 : Part IV Writing (45 marks) Section A (10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
While there is no widely accepted definition of MOOCs, their key features are open access:they are currently free to participants, no entry qualifications are required, they support an unlimited number of participants and as yet, very few include any form of accreditation (认证). Currently offered by some famous universities, MOOCs are attractive to people who do not have the financial resources to meet the growing costs of university education, or who do not have formal qualifications. They also allow participants

to study at their own pace. The potential for MOOCs to deliver education is obviously vast—they could be considered as a huge step forwards in widening participation. They also have the potential to provide a unique window on universities that offer popular and valuable courses, they may attract some participants to register for formal fee-paying programmes at the same or other universities and are likely to promote new ways of on-line education. However, it is still very early days for MOOCs. The quality of the education provision is highly variable, with many courses offering only recordings of lectures, and delivery is particularly difficult in some special fields that require practical classes, research projects or extensive library access. Besides, wider engagement with participants requires very considerable resource. Even limited feedback or examination becomes a major task if there are several thousand students in the class. Considering the challenges, some people argue MOOCs will soon evaporate (蒸 发). But they certainly provide good opportunity for widening higher education, are a means of raising awareness of universities to audiences of tens or hundreds of thousands, and are well worthy of serious consideration. (271 words)

Key features

● ● ● ●

free participation at present 72. _________ for entry qualifications support of countless participants rare inclusion of accreditation


● being attractive to people ? who 73. _________ university education or ? who have 74. _________ ● being flexible in the study pace

Title: 71. _____

75. _________

● widening participation significantly ● 76. _________ a unique window on universities ● attracting students to register for formal progarmmes ● promoting on-line education ● highly variable quality of the education provision ● 78. _________ of some special courses ● demand for very considerable resource

77. _________

The future

● uncertainty ? possibly 79._________ ● certainty ? widening higher education ? raising awareness of universities ? being well worth 80. _________ seriously

【考点定位】 :

【考点定位】 : 【 解 析 】 :

【考点定位】 : 76.

】 :

【考点定位】 :

【考点定位】 : 【解析】 :

【考点定位】 :

Section B (10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage.
“Let’s Talk”:The Free Advice Project A few weeks ago, I took a walk around Washington Square Park. I met all the usual people:street performers, the Pigeon Guy, a group of guitarists singing in harmony. But off to the side, sitting on a bench was a woman doing something vastly different—giving free advice. A week or two later, I set up an interview with her and we discussed her project at length. Lisa Podell, 32, started the Free Advice Project this past May. It began as an experiment;she sat in Washington Square Park for a day with a sign that read “Free Advice” as a simple way to reach out to people. Podell was astonished at the strong response. Podell admits that she was doubtful at first, but now she describes the project as mutually (相互地) beneficial. People learn from her—but she also learns from them. She says that the majority of those who come to her are dealing with some pretty heavy issues, and they expect her not only to listen, but also provide real answers. Having worked as a full time teacher and now as an adolescent advisor, Podell believes that talking things out is an important in the decision-making process. Sometimes, people walk around all day, keeping their problems in their own head and thinking about them in the same way. Podell simply strives to provide people with perspective. I asked if there is a future plan for the Free Advice Project. Podell said she would like to promote it to each public space in New York, which would be carried out by various volunteers across the city. It was truly inspiring to meet someone with such a big heart, especially in New York—where it is sometimes very hard to find anybody to listen. (303 words)

81. In what way was Podell different from other people in the park? (No more than 6 words) (2 marks) _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 82. What do people in need expect Podell to do? (No more than 10 words) (3 marks) _______________________________________________________________________________

____ 83. According to Podell, what should people do when making decisions? (No more than 6 words) (2 marks) ____________________________________________________________________________ _______ 84. How would Podell promote her project in New York? (No more than 15 words) (3 marks) _______________________________________________________________________________ ____ 81. She was giving free advice. 82. They expect her to listen and provide real answers. 83. They should talk things out. 84. She would promote it to each public space with the help of volunteers.

Section C (25 marks)

Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below.
请以下列词语为关键词写一篇英语短文。 match winner loser result

内容: 1.自己或他人的一次经历; 2.你的感受。 注意: 1.必须使用所给 4 个关键词; 2.词数不少于 120 个; 3.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

参考答案 听力: 1—5 BAACA 6—10 BBCCC 11—15 CBCAA 16. Confidently 17. easier 18. think about 19. you find interesting 20. yourself 单选: 21—25 BDBAB 26—30 DCADA 31—35 CCABD 完型: 36—40 ADCBD 41—45 ACBAC 46—47 BD 48. Because 49. within 50. he 51. a 52. most 53. and 54. it 55. than 阅读: 56—60 DACAD 61—65 BBACD 66—70 BDCCA 填空题: 71. MOOCS 72. no requirement 73. cannot afford 74. no formal qualifications 75. Potentials 76. providing 77. Challenges 78. particularly difficult delivery 79. evaporating 80. considering 间答题: 81. She was giving free advice. 82. They expect her to listen and provide real answers. 83. They should talk things out. 84. She would promote it to each public space with the help of volunteers. 作文: (略)



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