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B3-U1


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Preview Ⅰ. Objectives Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan Ⅲ. Background Information Ⅳ. Class Presentation

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Preview
This is the first unit of Book Three. I

n the Listening and Speaking section, you will learn how to use attitude words and phrases and will do some practical exercises. In the Reading and Writing section, the writers bring forward a topic very important to our lives — our attitude. As the writer of Text A tells us through a story about his friend Jerry, attitude is more important than anything else. Text B contains a list of four characteristics about happy and positive people. And in Text C, the writer illustrates how one can choose a positive attitude through his own personal experience.

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Ⅰ. Objectives
After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to 1. master the basic language and skills to use attitude words and phrases; 2. understand the main idea of Text A, Text B and Text C, and master the useful sentence structures and words and expressions found in the exercises relevant to the first two texts; 3. know how to use the subjunctive mood (2);

4. know how to write a résumé; 5. use the reading skill of scanning.

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Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan Suggested Time and Teaching Plan for Unit 1
Time
2 periods Contents Preview Plan The teacher begins with the Preview to make sure that the students have some idea of what this unit is all about. After that, the teacher activates Listening and Speaking exercises as follows:

Listening and Speaking

1) Attitude Words and Phrases
A. Give a brief lead-in talk on attitude words and phrases so as to define them;

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Time

Contents

Plan B. Have the students listen to Exercise 1 (2-3 times) and fill in the blanks with the missing words; C. Ask one student to read aloud the talk, so students can check their completed answers; D. Present more attitude words and phrases, make sure students know how to use those added attitude words and phrases, and organize the activity to accomplish Exercise 2.

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Time

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Plan

2) Using Attitude Words and Phrases
A. Go through the new words and phrases for the conversation in Exercise 3; B. Have the students listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with missing words; C. Ask students to answer the questions about the conversation; D. Now have them look for the attitude words and phrases in the conversation; E. Next, students can role-play the conversation.

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Plan 3) Follow-up Practice (Be Selective) A. Go through the words and expressions from the ad in Ex.6 and have the students to do questioning exercises as guided after reading the ad. Note: One thing can be expressed in many forms. B. Listen to the conversation in Ex.7, do the exer-cises in it, and ask some students to speak out their questions. Note: One thing can be expressed in many forms. C. Listen to the recording of Ex.8 and ask the students to respond by translating orally the Chinese messages into English.

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Time

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Plan D. Assign the students to do questions and answers between the speaker and audience in pairs according to the talk in Ex.4, and do Ex.9 and Ex.10 individually as their homework. The teacher tells them how to do these exercises and presents any topicrelated expressions on the chalkboard in advance, which can be used when the students make preparation for oral presentation.

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Time 3 periods

Contents Review of the listening and speaking skills the students have learned

Plan

The teacher begins with the assignment mainly to have a review of the functional and notional language the students picked up in the previous unit. The teacher asks one or two pairs of students to act out the conversations between the uncle and niece, and then invites a few students to tell the class their messages based on the picture in Ex.9 or present their opinions on the topic of “Traditional Respect for Old Age in China” orally. After that, the teacher turns to the Reading and Writing section. (These activities should be completed in 15 minutes.)

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Time

Contents Text A & text-related exercises

Plan

1) Starter After a brief explanation of the instructions, the teacher A. gives the students a few minutes to think about the questions in the starter; B. asks some students to tell the others their responses. (10 minutes) 2) Text A The teacher A. lets the students answer the text-related questions, helps them identify the main idea of each paragraph and analyzes some

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Time

Contents

Plan language points while discussing the whole text with the students (one and a half periods); B. guides the students through the exercises, focusing on certain items or leaving some exercises as the students homework according to the students different levels of English (one period).

1 period

Grammar Review and

1) Grammar Review The teacher talks about the use of subjunctive mood (2), and at the same time, asks the students to do the grammar exercises in class.
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Time

Contents Practical Writing 2) Practical Writing

Plan

The teacher tells as well as shows the students how to reply to a résumé by doing Ex.12 of Practical Writing, and then requires the students to do Ex.13 and Ex.14 as their homework.

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Time

Contents

Plan

2 periods Text B, Text C & text- 1) Text B related exercises While discussing the text with the students, the teacher calls on the students to pay attention to the structure of the paragraphs of the text, asking the students to answer the questions about the text. Ex.16 and Ex.17 can be done either in class or after class.
2) Text C This text should be read by the students themselves as their homework or as fastreading in class.

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Time

Contents Basic Reading Skills

Plan 3) Basic Reading Skills The teacher tells the students how to use the reading skill of scanning, and asks them to do the exercises in Basic Reading Skills.

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Ⅲ. Background Information
Attitude Harvard University Carl Jung California Houston

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Attitude
Attitude is a key concept in social psychology. In the language of academic psychology, attitudes are positive or negative views of an “attitude object”: a person, behaviour, or event. Research has shown that people can also be “ambivalent” towards a target, meaning that they simultaneously possess a positive and a negative attitude towards it. There is also a great deal of new research emerging on “implicit” attitudes, which are essentially attitudes that people are not consciously aware of, but that can be revealed through sophisticated experiments using people?s response times to stimuli (how quickly they can make judgements about them). Implicit and “explicit” attitudes (i.e. the ones people report when they consciously ask themselves how much they like a thing) both seem to affect people?s behaviour, although in different ways. They tend not to be strongly associated with each other, although in some cases they are. The exact relationship between them is not currently well understood. (From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attitude_%28psychology%29)
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Harvard University
Harvard University is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It was founded in 1636, just 16 years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. Harvard is also one of the richest private universities in the United States, with an endowment of over $4 billion. The main campus is in Cambridge, Mass. The university also has several schools in Boston. Harvard has played an important role in American life. American presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and John F. Kennedy graduated from Harvard. President Rutherford B. Hayes attended Harvard law school. (From the 1998 World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia)

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Carl Jung
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist who developed the field of analytical psychology. His teachings extended beyond psychology and influenced other fields, including anthropology, philosophy, and theology. Jung challenged many of the theories proposed by the famous Austrian physician Sigmund Freud, who had developed the method of therapy called psychoanalysis. However, both Jung and Freud stressed the effects of unconscious ideas on human behavior. (From the 1998 World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia)

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California
A state of the western United States on the Pacific Ocean. It was admitted as the 31st state in 1850. The area was colonized by the Spanish and formally ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848). California is often called the Golden State because of its sunny climate and the discovery of gold during its pioneering days. Sacramento is the capital and Los Angeles the largest city. Population, 29,839,250.

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Houston
A city of southeast Texas northwest of Galveston. Founded in 1836 and named for Sam Houston, it is a major industrial, commercial, and financial hub, the center of the U.S. aerospace industry, and a deep-water port connected with Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico by the Houston Ship Channel. Houston is also the largest city in Texas. Population, 1,630,553.

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Ⅳ. Class Presentation
Listening & Speaking Reading & Writing Time for Fun

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Listening & Speaking
Attitude Words and Phrases Using Attitude Words and Phrases Follow-up Practice

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Follow-up Practice Read the following words and expressions which may be new to you. Read aloud the above letter in class. Pretend you are either the niece or her uncle and get ready to answer questions from the class. Then dramatize the situation in class. Read the following words and expressions which may be new to you. Read the following words which may be new to you. Listen and, during the timed pauses, translate orally into English the Chinese sentences in each of the following three short conversations. Take a close look at the picture below. Think about it for one minute. Then give a two-minute oral presentation to tell the class what you think it means. Have a discussion on the topic given below.
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Attitude Words and Phrases
You are going to listen to an instructor talking about attitude words and phrases. Listen carefully and fill in the blanks with the missing words. Instructor: by dictionary definition , is a judgment(判断) or opinion An attitude, ___________________ toward a fact or state. There are many attitude words and phrases in the English language . Nine times out of ten, an ___________________ the beginning of a _____________ attitude word or phrase is placed at judgment or opinion sentence. There, it reflects ___________________ to what follows. You are free to _____________ take an attitude toward a particular _______________ a matter of fact , your accurate(准确的) use of event. As an attitude word or phrase indicates(表明) your proper _________________ judgment or opinion .If you want to say expression of a ________________ something personal , you can say personally, in my opinion, from my point _____________ direct , you can say to of view, or if I may say so. If you want to say something be frank (坦率的), frankly, to be honest, honestly, or to tell the truth. If you _______________ want to say something precise , you can say to be precise(精确的). BACK NEXT

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Familiarize yourself with more attitude words and phrases. After that, raise questions on different subjects and topics and encourage the class to voice their attitudes or opinions using appropriate attitude words or phrases. 1. Of course,… 7. Obviously,… 13. Ideally,… 14. Generally speaking,… 15. Strictly speaking,… 17. In theory,…

2. To my surprise,… 8. Apparently,…

3. Perhaps,…
4. Naturally,… 5. Surely,…

9. Technically,…
11. Undoubtedly,…

10. Confidentially,… 16. Roughly speaking,…

6. Actually,…

12. Presumably,…

18. In practice,…

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Using Attitude Words and Phrases
Before you listen to the upcoming conversation, read the following words and expressions which may be new to you.

cinematography

电影摄影
[口] 极好的 布景;场景 华丽的

gorgeous

灿烂的

terrific
Setting superb

I am with you. = I agree with you. strike
给?以深刻印象 对?作过火表演

overdo

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Listen to the following conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing words. Wang Ying: That was great! terrific ! Li Ming: Yes, the cinematography was ______ Wang Ying: Personally, I think the settings were superb — __________ those colors were gorgeous . _____________ I am with you . What do you think of the acting? Li Ming: ____________ Wang Ying: Naturally, I was very struck with Zhang Ziyi. Actually , she?s my favorite movie star. Li Ming: She?s a good actress. _______ Wang Ying: How about Wang Dandan? To my surprise , she didn?t seem natural. Li Ming: ____________ overdid her role. Wang Ying: No question, she _____________ Li Ming: How do you feel about the story? ______, it didn?t tell us much. Wang Ying: Frankly Li Ming: But _________ the ending was good.
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Now listen to the above conversation again and answer the following questions. 1. What were they talking about? They were talking about a movie. 2. Is there anything particular about the movie they were talking about? They were talking about the cinematography, settings, and the acting. 3. What did Wang Ying say about Zhang Ziyi? She said that she?s a good actress and that she?s her favorite movie star. 4. What did Wang Ying say about Wang Dandan? She said that she seemed unnatural. 5. What did Wang Ying say about the story? She said that it didn?t tell us much.
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Follow-up Practice
Read the following words and expressions which may be new to you.

sensible 明智的 irrelevant 不相关的 paper qualifications (学历、学位)证书 plus 而且 as far as I remember 据我所知 on earth 究竟,到底 live on 靠?什么生活 awful 可怕的,糟糕

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Read the following informal letter silently while listening to the recording. My dear Francesca, Thank you very much for your letter. Surely, it makes an old uncle very happy to know that his niece is interested in what he thinks about her ideas and plans. To my surprise, you are thinking of leaving home. Frankly, I must say that I think it would be a very unwise thing to do. Fran, I know that you are a very sensible girl. I also know that, quite properly, your parents have brought you up to think for yourself. In your ?open? family you will have heard all the arguments for and against this sort of thing many times and, of course, you won?t be interested in hearing them again, least of all from me. Nevertheless, I really must say something: what you are thinking of doing could make you (and everyone else) very unhappy.

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You say that you find school boring, and that what you do there is irrelevant. Quite likely I agree with you, but obviously, if you want to do anything with the rest of your life, you have got to keep going just a little bit longer — at least until you?ve got some paper qualifications. Without them you won?t be able to do much at all. Undoubtedly, you will have thought about these things, but I wonder if you have considered how serious they really are. Plus, to my surprise, you say that you?re going to live with your boyfriend in London! As far as I remember, he hasn?t even got a job, has he? What on earth are you going to live on? Seriously, just think about it — you?re a bright, intelligent girl. You and I really need to have a serious talk together. So, Fran, please come and see me before you finally decide. If anything awful ever happened to you, I?d never forgive myself. Fondest love, as ever, Uncle Patrick
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Read aloud the above letter in class. Pretend you are either the niece or her uncle and get ready to answer questions from the class. Then dramatize the situation in class.

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Read the following words and expressions which may be new to you.

Lujiazui CBD Jinmao Building YAMAHA BBQ terrace sublet

= Lujiazui Central Business District
上海浦东陆家嘴金融开发区 金茂大厦(位于上海浦东金融开发区) 雅马哈(日本著名品牌) = barbeque 烤肉野餐 露台, 大阳台 分租

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Pretend you are a businessman who is looking for an apartment. Read the following advertisement for information. LUJIAZUI CBD, 3 Apartments for Rent 10 min walk to JINMAO Building, fully furnished 167 sqm, 141 sqm and 123 sqm, 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, dining room, living room, office, kitchen (European standard), one apartment all rooms with floorheating, 50″ TV, YAMAHA home cinema, 65 sqm or 50 sqm garden with BBQ terrace. Health club free, car park available. Cleaning and service included. Pls call: 86-21-87654321
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Ask three questions over the phone for more information (write down your questions if necessary). Question 1 about the monthly rent: a. How much is the rent? b. How much do I have to pay for the monthly rent?

Question 2 about the distance to the nearest subway station: a. Is there a subway station nearby? b. Is it close to the subway station? c. Is it possible to walk to the nearest subway station? Question 3 about the possibility of subletting: a. Is it possible to sublet? b. Can I share an apartment? c. Can I sublet the apartment to someone?
Act out the above short conversation in class.
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Read the following words which may be new to you.

ad utilities deposit

= advertisement
公用事业设备 押金

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Listen twice to the taped conversation below between a student and a landlady whose role you are supposed to play. First, put down your answers to the student’s questions during the timed pauses. Second, speak your answers out loud.

Li Ming: Hello, I?m calling about the ad for the one-bedroom apartment. Is the apartment still available? Landlady: Yes, it is. Do you want to take a look? Li Ming: I?d like to. But how much is the rent? It?s $250 a month Landlady: ______________. Li Ming: Does that include utilities? It includes water but not gas and electricity Landlady: __________________________________. Li Ming: How about the deposit? one-month deposit __________________. Landlady: A Li Ming: Is it convenient for shopping? _________________________. it?s close to a supermarket Landlady: Yes, Li Ming: Can I take a look at the place today? Landlady: Anytime. PREV. Act out the above conversation in class.

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Listen and, during the timed pauses, translate orally into English the Chinese sentences in each of the following three short conversations. 1. A Female Voice: Uh, listen, I was wondering if you could help me. Do you happen to know where there’s a good place to buy art supplies?
我也拿不准,嗨, 让我想想看,噢, 对了,有个新地方,叫 人民广场——就在大街那一头,知道吗?

You:

KEY

I’m not really sure. Hey, let me think for a minute. Oh yeah, there’s that new place, People’s Square — you know, it’s down the main street.

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2. A Male Voice: You:
KEY

Well, what do you think of this, Mary? Do you like this restaurant?
噢, 亲爱的,看上去很好。喂,让我们瞧瞧能否在那边靠窗而坐,这样可 以看到湖光水色。

Oh, honey, it looks very nice. Oh, look, let’s see if we can sit over there by the window so we can look at the water. Oh, really, where are you going to go, if you get out?
嗯,你知道,我想去巴黎。我从未去过那里,我总是不断听人说起它那些 了不起的东西。不过,我不知道,噢, 我还没拿定主意是去那里还是去别 的什么地方。

3. A Male Voice: You:

KEY

Well, you know, I want to go to Paris. I’ve never been there, and I just keep hearing all those great things about it. I don’t know, uh, I haven’t made up my mind if I’m going there or somewhere else.
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Act out the above conversations in class.

Follow-up Practice9

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Take a close look at the picture below. Think about it for one minute. Then give a two-minute oral presentation to tell the class what you think it means.

Suggested Presentation:
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Suggested Presentation: An old man is sitting alone at a big round table. All the other chairs next to him are empty. On the table is a bottle of wine and a birthday cake lit up with candles. It looks as if a party were about to begin. Yet the only guest is his cat, who is sleeping under the table, uninterested. No one else is coming. It?s the old man?s birthday, a special time in his life. Yet this empty room, bare table, and sleeping cat make up the only party he will have. Yes, he has a brightly lit birthday cake. But it brings little joy — the man looks sad and lonely. You can imagine he is thinking, “I wish someone would come say happy birthday to me! I wish I could have a real party!” The cake?s candles are now burning low. He must quickly make a wish. Oh, if only the cheerful, happy voices of his grandchildren and children were there as he blows out the lit candles! But the room is quiet. No one hears his silent wish. Why is the old man completely alone at his birthday party? The picture describes an empty nest. The old man?s children and grandchildren are all distant from him. Maybe some are too busy to come to the party. Maybe others live too far away to come. What can be done?
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Have a discussion on the topic given below.

Traditional Respect for Old Age in China

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Reading & Writing
Text A Attitude Is Everything Text A Exercises Grammar Review Practical Writing Text B Text C What Makes a Good Attitude? Text B Exercises Attitude — One of Life’s Choices Comprehension of the Text Basic Reading Skills
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Practical Writing Résumés
Read the invitations below and answer the questions that follow. Write a résumé using the information provided below.

Write a résumé of your own based on the models given in Exercise 12.

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Grammar Review

虚拟语气(Subjunctive Mood) (2)
Rewrite the following sentences.

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Text A

Starter

Everyone had times of darkness and unhappiness. When you find yourself faced with difficulty or troubled by something, what do you usually do? Talk to your classmates and exchange your solutions to such problems. You may first write down your own solutions in the spaces provided below. 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________

4. ___________________________________
5. ___________________________________

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Text A
CH

Attitude Is Everything Francie Baltazar-Schwartz

1 N Jerry was the kind of guy you love to hate. He was always in a good mood and always had something positive to say. When someone would ask him how he was doing, he would reply, “I?m on top of the world!” 2 He was a unique manager because N he had several waiters who had followed him around from restaurant to restaurant. N The reason the waiters followed Jerry was because of his attitude. He was a natural motivator. If an employee was having a bad day, N Jerry was there telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation.
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Text A
CH

N

3 N Seeing this style really made me curious. So one day I went up to Jerry and asked him, “I don?t get it! You can?t be a positive person all the time. How do you do it?” 4 Jerry replied, “Each morning I wake up and say to myself, ?Jerry, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.? I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or I can choose to learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.”
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Text A
CH

5 “Hey, it?s not that easy,” I protested. 6 “Yes it is,” Jerry said. “Life is all about choices. When you cut away all the junk, every situation is a choice. You choose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good or bad mood. The bottom line: N it?s your choice how you live life.” 7 I reflected on what Jerry said. Soon thereafter, I left the restaurant industry to start my own business. We lost touch, but I often thought about him when I made a choice about life instead of just reacting to it.

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Text A
CH

8 Several years later, I heard that Jerry did

N

something you are never

supposed to do in the restaurant business: he left the back door open one
morning and was held up at gunpoint by three armed robbers. While trying to open the safe, his hand,
N

shaking from nervousness, slipped off the

combination. The robbers panicked and shot him. Luckily, Jerry was found

relatively quickly and rushed to the local hospital. After 18 hours of surgery
and weeks of intensive care, Jerry was released from the hospital with fragments of the bullets still in his body.
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Text A
CH

9 I saw Jerry about six months after the accident. When I asked him how he was, he replied, “I?m fine. Wanna see my scars?” I declined to see his wounds, but did ask him what had gone through his mind as the robbery took place. 10 “The first thing that went through my mind was that I should have locked the back door,” Jerry replied. “Then, as I lay on the floor, I remembered that I had two choices: I could choose to live, or I could choose to die. I chose to live.” 11 “ N Weren?t you scared? Did you lose consciousness?” I asked.

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Text A
CH

12 Jerry continued, “The paramedics were great. They kept telling me I was going to be fine. But when they wheeled me into the emergency room and I saw the expressions on the faces of the doctors and nurses, I got really scared. In their eyes, I read, ?He?s a dead man.? I knew I needed to take action.” 13 “What did you do?” I asked. 14 “Well, there was a big nurse shouting questions at me,” said Jerry. “She asked if I was allergic to anything. ?Yes,? I replied. The doctors and nurses stopped working as they waited for my reply. I took a deep breath and yelled, ?Bullets!? Over their laughter, I told them, ?I am choosing to live. Operate on me as if I am alive, not dead.?” 15 N Jerry lived thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing attitude. I learned from him that every day we have the choice to live fully. Attitude, after all, is everything. (702 words)
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Language Points
be/mean everything (to somebody): be the most important thing in someone?s life
是某人最重要的东西或事情

e.g. Money isn?t everything.
T

钱不是最重要的。

I love him. He means everything to me.
T

我爱他。他对我最重要。

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Language Points
Francie Baltazar-Schwartz / ?frB:nsi ?bB:ltB:??B:??wB:ts /



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Language Points
Jerry /?dVerI/: 杰里(Gerald或Jerome的昵称)

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1) How would you describe Jerry according to the text?

He was a guy people love to hate. He was always in a good mood and always had something positive to say.
2) Why did some waiters follow Jerry around from restaurant to restaurant? The waiters followed him around because he was a natural motivator.

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Chinese Version

心态最重要
弗朗西·巴尔塔萨-施瓦茨
杰里是那种叫人既爱又恨的家伙。他总是心情愉快并且总能说出一些积极的话来。
每当有人问他近况如何时,他总是回答说:“好极了!” 他是一个与众不同的经理,他从一家餐馆跳槽到另一家餐馆时,有几个服务员一直 跟随着他。这些服务员之所以跟随杰里是因为他的心态好。他天生善于激励人。如果某 一天哪个雇员碰上不顺心的事,杰里就会告诉他如何去看事情积极的一面。

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Language Points
Jerry was the kind of guy you love to hate.
杰里是那种叫人既爱又恨的家伙。

someone you love to hate 指运气好或成就大得几乎让人嫉妒的人。

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Language Points
… he had several waiters who had followed him around from restaurant to restaurant.
……他从一家餐馆跳槽到另一家餐馆时,有几个服务员一直跟随着他。 本句中的restaurant应当理解为杰里受聘担任经理的餐馆, follow (sb.) around 解释为 “到处跟随(某人)”。 又如:

She told him to go away and stop following her around.
T

她叫他离开,不要到处跟着她。

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Language Points
follow (sb.) around
到处跟随(某人)

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Language Points
The reason the waiters followed Jerry was because of his attitude.
这些服务员之所以跟随杰里是因为他的心态好。 本句中 the waiters followed Jerry 是定语从句,修饰 The reason, 定语从句和被 修饰语 reason 之间省略了连接词 why。

又如:

The reason why he accepted the job is not clear.
T

他接受这份工作的原因尚不清楚。

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Language Points
motivate/????ti?eIt/: vt. provide (sb.) with a strong reason for doing sth.
e.g.
激发,激励,使有动机

What can we do to motivate the players?
T

我们该怎么来激发这些球员呢?

Your have first got to motivate the children and then to teach them.
T

你首先得激发孩子们的学习兴趣,然后再去教他们。

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Language Points
Jerry was there telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation.
杰里就会告诉他如何去看事情积极的一面。 句中“telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation”作为状语表示伴随状况。

又如:

The students hurried into the classroom, talking and laughing loudly.
T

学生们大声说笑着急匆匆地走进教室。

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3) What was Jerry?s answer to the writer?s question about how he managed to keep a positive attitude all the time? He told the writer that each morning he was faced with two choices. He always chose to be in a good mood rather than in a bad one.

4) How did Jerry sum up his attitude about life?
He said, “Life is all about choices… it’s your choice how you live life.”

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Chinese Version
看到他这种风格确实令我感到好奇。于是有一天我便走到杰里面前问他:“我不 明白!你不可能一直都是一个积极乐观的人吧。你是怎么做到的?”

杰里回答说:“每天早上醒来后我都对自己说:‘杰里,今天你有两种选择。你
可以选择好心情,也可以选择坏心情。’我选择好心情。每当坏事发生时,我可以选 择成为受害者,也可以选择从中吸取教训。我选择从中吸取教训。每当有人向我抱怨 时,我可以选择接受他们的抱怨,也可以给他们指出生活积极的一面。我选择生活积

极的一面。”

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Language Points
Seeing this style really made me curious.
看到他这种风格确实令我感到好奇。 “Seeing this style”是动名词短语,作主语用。英语中用动名词或动名词短语作主 语是比较常见的, 又如:

Seeing is believing.
T

百闻不如一见。

It is great fun sailing a boat.
T

扬帆驶船是非常有趣的。

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curious / ?kj??rI?s/: a. eager to know or learn, esp. about sth. unfamiliar or mysterious 好奇的;好求知的 e.g.
“Why do you want to know about Catherine?” “Oh no reason. I?m just curious.”
T

“你为什么想了解凯瑟琳的情况呢?” “噢,不为什么,我只是感到好奇而已。”

A curious child is a teacher?s delight.
T

老师喜欢有求知欲的孩子。

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mood /??:d/: n. state of one?s feelings or mind at a particular time 心境;
情绪

e.g. The good weather put him in an excellent mood.
T

好天气让他心境极佳。

Color can affect mood and create atmosphere.
T

颜色能够影响情绪,创造气氛。

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something positive: 积极的话语或东西。
英语中 something, anything, nothing 等代词被形容词修饰时,该形容词应后置。 又如:

anything useful
T

任何有用的东西

something important
T

重要的东西

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on top of the world: very happy or proud, esp. because of success or good fortune (尤指因成功或好运而)非常高兴,非常幸福;心满意足 e.g. Nick was on top of the world.
T

尼克开心极了。

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unique /j?:?nI:k/: a. being the only one of its type; having no like or equal
唯一的,独一无二的;独特的

e.g. Every person is unique.
T

每个人都是独一无二的。

Joan has a unique talent for languages.
T

琼具有独特的语言天赋。

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get it: understand 懂,理解 e.g. I don?t get it — it doesn?t make sense.
T

我不懂——这没道理呀。

I?m sure you?ve got it wrong. Kate isn?t like that.
T

我肯定你搞错了。凯特不是那样的。

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wake up: stop being asleep e.g. James usually wakes up early.
T

醒来

飞行员看到目标时,立即用无线电通知了指挥部。

I woke up at five o?clock and couldn?t get back to sleep again.
T

我5点醒来后就再也睡不着了。

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Each time something bad happens,...
每当坏事发生时?? 本句中的“Each time”和下句中的“Every time”都用来引导时间状语,意为“每当”。 又如:

He felt nervous each time she spoke to him.
T

每当她跟他说话时,他都感到紧张。

Don?t come complaining to me every time something goes wrong.
T

别一出错就跑来向我抱怨。

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victim / ??IktI?/: n. person, animal or thing that suffers pain, death, harm, destruction, etc. as a result of other people?s actions, or of illness, bad luck, etc. 牺牲者;受害者;受灾者

e.g.
victims of crime
T

牺牲者;受害者;受灾者

flood victims
T

水灾灾民

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learn from: study (one?s mistakes, etc. and those of others) to ensure that they are not repeated 从(自己和别人的错误等)中吸取教训

e.g.
You have to learn from your mistakes.
T

你必须从所犯的错误中吸取教训。

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complain /k????leIn/: v. express feelings of annoyance, dissatisfaction, unhappiness, etc. ; say in an annoyed, unhappy, dissatisfied way 抱怨;诉苦;发牢骚 e.g.

Tom often complains about noise near his college.
T

汤姆经常抱怨学校附近的喧闹声。

She?s always complaining that her boss gives her too much work.
T

她总是发牢骚,说老板给她的工作太多。

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point out: bring to notice; call to attention; explain 指出;指明

e.g.

He pointed out my mistakes and hoped that I would correct them immediately.
T

他指出了我的错误,希望我立即改正。

As Mary pointed out, the story was rather hard to believe.
T

正如玛丽所指出的,这个故事令人难以置信。

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5) What made the writer still think of Jerry even after he had left the restaurant industry? It was Jerry’s attitude. The writer often thought of Jerry when he made a choice about life instead of just reacting to it.

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Chinese Version
“嗨,这可没那么容易吧,”我提出了异议。 “就这么容易,”杰里说道。“生活全在于选择。当你去除一切乌七八糟的东 西之后,每种处境都是一种选择。你选择如何去应付种种处境。你选择人们影响你

心情的方式。你选择心情好还是心情不好。关键是:如何生活是你自己的选择。”
我思索着杰里的话。不久之后,我离开了餐饮业,创建了自己的公司。我们失 去了联系,但是当我对生活作出某种选择而非仅仅对之作出反应的时候,我常常都 会想起他。

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hey /heI/: interj. (used to call attention or express surprise, interest, etc.)
(用于引起注意或表示惊讶、感兴趣等)嘿,喂

e.g.

Hey, those are mine.
T

嗨,哪些是我的。

Hey, what?s up?
T

喂,什么事?

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protest /?r???test/: 1. vt. state firmly; express strong disagreement or e.g. disapproval about (sth.) 声言;断言;抗议 Sarah protested that she wasn?t Tom?s girlfriend.
T

萨拉申明她不是汤姆的女朋友。

Students protested the decision.
T

学生们抗议这项新决定。

/ ??r??test/: 2. n. 抗议;声言,断言 e.g.

letters of protest
T

抗议信

Students protested the decision.
T

对战争的抗议
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cut away: remove by cutting 切除;剪去;砍掉 e.g. They cut away all the dead branches from the tree.
T

他们把树上枯死的枝杈全砍掉了。

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junk /???k/: n. old or unwanted things, usu. of low quality
废旧杂物;破烂,垃圾

e.g. This box is full of junk.
T

这个盒子里全是没用的东西。

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react /rI??kt/: vi. act or behave in a particular way in answer or opposition
作出反应,反应

e.g. How did she react when you told her the news?
T

你告诉她这个消息时,她如何反应?

Tom reacted angrily to Bill?s comments.
T

汤姆对比尔的评论作出了愤怒的反应。

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affect /??fekt/: vt. cause some result or change in; influence
影响

e.g. What happens in another country can within seconds affect life in our own country.
T

他国发生的事情可以在几秒钟内就对本国的生活产生影响。

Lack of sleep can seriously affect your mood.
T

缺少睡眠会严重影响你的情绪。

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Language Points
bottom line: deciding or crucial factor; essential point (in an argument, etc.)
决定性因素;关键因素;(论辩等的)基本论点,基本点

e.g. The bottom line is that we have to make a decision today.
T

最要紧的是我们今天必须作出决定。

The bottom line is that people?s health is at risk if they smoke.
T

基本事实是,吸烟危害人的健康。

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Language Points
… it?s your choice how you live life.
……如何生活是你的选择。 句首的it是形式主语,真正的主语是how you live life。 又如:

It is my pleasure to be able to help you again.
T

我很高兴能再次帮你忙。

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Language Points
reflect on: think deeply about; consider carefully 沉思,细想;仔细考虑 e.g. What questions does the text make you reflect on?
T

这篇课文使你思考些什么问题?

The manager demanded time to reflect on what to do.
T

经理要求给他时间考虑该做什么。

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thereafter /?e?r?B:ft?/: ad. [fml] after that in time or order; afterwards
[书] 之后,其后

e.g. Sophie was born in France, but shortly thereafter her family moved to the United States.
T

索菲出生在法国,但之后不久他们一家就移居到了美国。

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Industry / ?Ind?strI/: n. the production of goods for sale, esp. in factories; a particular branch of industry or trade 工业;产业 e.g. heavy industry
T

重工业

light industry
T

轻工业

car industry
T

汽车工业

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lose touch: no longer be in contact 失去联系 e.g. After Mr. Lee moved to Beijing, I lost touch with him.
T

李先生去北京后,我就跟他失去了联系。

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6) What happened to Jerry when he left the back door open one morning? He was held up by three armed robbers and got seriously wounded when the robbers shot him.

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Chinese Version
几年之后,我听说杰里做了件在餐饮业里绝对不会有人做的事情:一天早晨,他没关 后门,三名武装盗匪持枪劫持了他。他在试图打开保险箱的时候,他的手因为紧张而发抖, 从保险的密码锁上滑了下来。盗匪们紧张之下向他开了枪。幸运的是,杰里被人发现得比 较早,他被急速送到了当地医院。经过18 个小时的手术和几周的特别护理,杰里出院了, 但身体内还残留着子弹的碎片。

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something you are never supposed to do: 你永远不该做的事 be supposed to do sth. 意为“(某人)该做某事”。
又如:

What time are you supposed to be there?
T

你应该几点到达那儿?

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Language Points
hold up: stop by force in order to rob; rob at gunpoint 拦劫;持枪抢劫

e.g.
They held the same bank up twice in one week.
T

他们一星期内两次抢劫了同一家银行。

He was charged with holding up a cab driver.
T

他因为抢劫出租车司机被起诉。

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Language Points
gunpoint /?^Qn?CInt/ n. 枪口
at gunpoint: while threatening or being threatened with a gun 在枪口威胁下 e.g. She was held at gunpoint for 24 hours.
T

她被人持枪劫持了24小时。

The manager demanded time to reflect on what to do.
T

经理要求给他时间考虑该做什么。

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rob /r?b/: vt. take the property (of a person or organization) illegally, esp. by using violence, threats, etc. 抢劫,盗取 e.g. They killed four policemen while robbing a bank.
T

他们在抢银行时杀了4个警察。

They robbed the company of $2 million.
T

他们抢劫了这家公司200万美元。

robber / 'r?b?/: n. person who robs or has robbed 抢劫者,强盗,盗贼

e.g.
a bank robber
T

银行抢劫者
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shaking from nervousness: 因为紧张而发抖
这一分词短 语用作状语,表示原因。 又如:

Seeing that it was raining, John bought a new umbrella.
T

看到天在下雨,约翰买了一把新伞。

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Language Points
slip off: slide out of; become disengaged from
从…滑落,滑出;松脱

e.g.
The car slipped off the road because of the snow.
T

因为雪的缘故,汽车滑出了道路。

The last ice was slipping off the rocks.
T

最后的冰块从岩石上滑落。

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combination /?k??bI?neI??n/: n. the act of combining or state of being combined; the numbers or letters needed to open a combination lock
结合;联合;组合;(开启密码锁用的)号码组合字码组合,暗码

e.g.

A combination of factors may be responsible for his bad mood.
T

各种因素的组合可能是他情绪恶劣的原因。

the combination of a safe
T

保险箱的暗码

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Language Points
panic / ???nIk/: v. (cause to) feel panic (使)恐慌 e.g.

He started to panic when he saw the gun.
T

看到枪时,他开始恐慌起来。

Don?t panic. Everything will be all right soon.
T

别慌。很快一切都会好的。

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shoot /??:t/: v. fire a gun at (sb.); hit, wound or kill with a gun; fire (a gun, etc.) e.g. 向(某人)开枪;射中,射伤;射死;开(枪) If you move, I?ll shoot.
T

如果你动一动,我就开枪。

Tom?s grandfather taught him to shoot a gun
T

汤姆的祖父教他开枪。

The robbers shot three people before they escaped.
T

抢劫者逃跑之前开枪打死了3个人。

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relatively / ?rel?tI?/: ad. 相对地;比较地 e.g. This book is relatively easy to read.
T

这本书读起来相对比较容易。

relative: a. considered in relation or proportion to sb./sth. else; comparative e.g.
T

相对的;比较的

her relative lack of experience
她的经验相对缺乏

Since I got a job, I?ve been living in relative comfort.
T

我找到工作以来,一直生活得比较舒服。
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surgery / ?sf:??rI/: n. the science and practice of treating injuries or diseases by cutting or removing parts of the body e.g.
外科;外科手术

major surgery
T

大手术

emergency surgery for brain injuries
T

脑伤急诊手术

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intensive /In?tensI?/: a. giving a lot of attention to sth , often only for a short e.g. time 精心的;深入细致的;集中的 intensive farming
T

精耕细作

a knowledge-intensive industry
T T

知识密集型产业

make an intensive study of sth.
对某事进行深入的研究

intensive care: very special hospital care for people who are dangerously ill or very badly hurt (对危重病人的)特别护理
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fragment / ?fr?g??nt/: n. small part or piece of sth. 碎片

e.g.
glass fragments
T

玻璃碎片

He was piecing together torn fragments of a letter.
T

他正在把信的碎片拼起来。

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bullet / ?b?lIt/: n. small piece of metal with a rounded or pointed end, fired from a gun 子弹 e.g.

a rubber bullet
T

橡皮子弹

bullet wound
T

枪伤

He was killed by a bullet in the head.
T

他头部中弹被打死了。

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7) What did Jerry tell the writer about his reaction at the time of the robbery? He said that at the time of robbery, he thought first of all that he should have locked the back door. Then he decided to choose to live.

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Chinese Version
那次事故发生大约 6 个月后,我见到了杰里。当我问他身体如何时,他回答说: “我很好。想看看我的伤疤吗?”我没看他的伤疤,但却问了他在抢劫发生时心里 都想了些什么。

“我首先想到我应当把后门锁上才是,”杰里回答说。“随后,躺在地板上的时
候,我想起自己有两种选择:我可以选择生,也可以选择死。我选择了生。” “你就没有感到害怕?你失去知觉了吗?”我问。

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wanna / ???n?/: [口]= want to 或 want a e.g.

I wanna go where you go.
T

我想去你去的地方。

Wanna drink?
T

想喝一杯吗?

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scar /skB:/: n. mark left on the skin by a wound, etc.
e.g. He had a scar across his forehead.
T

伤痕;疤

他前额上横着一条疤。

Her mental scars will take time to heal.
T

她的心灵创伤需要时间愈合。

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decline /dI?kl?In/: v. refuse (sth. offered), usu. politely
拒绝;谢绝

e.g. Mary declined Tom?s invitation to dinner.
T

玛丽谢绝了汤姆的晚餐邀请。

The spokesman declined to make any comment.
T

发言人拒绝作任何评论。

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wound /??:nd/: 1. n. injury caused deliberately to part of the body by cutting, shooting, etc. esp. as a result of an attack
e.g.
T

(尤指受攻击造成的)伤,创伤

A nurse cleaned his wound.
护士给他清洁伤口。

He was treated in hospital for head wounds.
T

他因头部受伤而在医院接受治疗。

2. v. give a wound to (sb.); hurt (sb.?s feelings, reputation, etc.) 伤,伤害 e.g. Gunmen killed two people and wounded six others.
T

持枪歹徒打死了两人,打伤了6人。

Six people were seriously wounded in the fire this morning.
T

在今天早晨的火灾中有6人严重受伤。

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go through: pass through 通过 e.g. Many thoughts went through my mind before I made the final decision.
T

在我作出最后决定之前,许多想法在心中掠过。

Tom has just gone through the most difficult time in his life.
T

汤姆刚刚度过了一生中最艰难的时刻。

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robbery /?r?b?rI/: n. the crime of taking someone else?s property 抢劫
e.g. Police are investigating a series of bank robberies.
T

警察正在调查一系列银行抢劫案。

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lock /l?k/: 1. n. device for fastening a door, etc. with a bolt that needs a key to work it 锁 e.g. The front door?s got two locks on it. T 前门上有两把锁。 a bicycle lock
T

自行车锁

2. vt. fasten (a door, etc.) with a lock 锁(门等) e.g. The door is locked.
T

门锁着。

I locked myself out of the house again this morning. It?s really unbelievable.
T

今天早晨我把自己又一次锁在了房子外面。真叫人难以置信。
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Weren?t you scared?
你不怕吗? 英语中一般疑问句的否定结构常用来表示提问人的惊讶、怀疑等口气。 又如:

Don?t you believe me?
T

你不相信我吗?(表示惊讶)

Are you not coming
T

你不来吗?(表示怀疑)

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lose consciousness: fall into a state like sleep so that one cannot think or understand what is happening
失去知觉

consciousness /?k?n??snIs/: n. state of being conscious 知觉,感


e.g.
T

lose (one?s) consciousness
失去知觉

When will she regain/recover consciousness?
T

她什么时候能恢复知觉?

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Language Points
conscious / ?k?n??s/: a. knowing what is going on around one because one is able to use bodily senses and mental powers; awake e.g.
T

感觉到的;意识到的;清醒的

I was conscious that he had changed his attitude.
我感觉到他改变了态度。

The patient was conscious during the operation.
T

那位病人在手术期间是清醒的。

PREV.

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8) How did Jerry feel when he was rushed into the emergency room of the hospital? He was scared because from the expressions on the faces of the doctors and nurses, he knew he would die. 9) What did Jerry decide to do when he learned about his own critical situation? He decided to take action so that he could stay alive.
10) What did the big nurse ask Jerry when he was on the operating table? The nurse asked Jerry if he was allergic to anything. 11) Why did the doctors and nurses all laugh when they heard Jerry?s answer? Because Jerry told them that he was allergic to bullets. 12) What did Jerry tell the doctors and nurses to do after his joke about being allergic to bullets? He told them to operate on him as if he was alive, not dead. 13) What did the writer learn from Jerry?s story? The writer learned that every day we have the choice to live fully. Attitude is everything.

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Chinese Version
杰里继续说:“救护人员真棒。他们不停地告诉我会好起来的。在当他们把我
推进急救室时,我看到了医生和护士脸上的表情,我真的害怕了。在他们的眼神里, 我看到的是‘他死定了’。我知道我需要采取行动了。” “你做了什么?”我问。 “喔,有个高大的护士大声问我问题,”杰里说道。“她问我是否对什么东西 过敏。‘是的,’ 我回答说。医生和护士们都停下来等着我的回答。我深深吸了口气,

喊道:‘子弹!’在他们的笑声中,我告诉他们:‘我要选择活下去。给我动手术

吧,把我当活人而不是死人。’ ”
杰里活了下来,不仅是因为医生们医术高明,也是因为他令人惊讶的心态。从 他身上我懂得每一天我们都能选择过充实的生活。心态毕竟是最重要的。

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Language Points
wheel /?i:l, h?i:l/: 1. n. 轮,轮;方 向盘 e.g. spare wheel T 备用轮胎? steering wheel
T

方向盘

2. vt push or pull (a vehicle with wheels); carry (sb./sth.) in a vehicle with wheels
推(或拉)(车);用车运载(人或物)

e.g.
Kate wheeled her bike into the garage.
T

凯特把自行车推进了车库。

The nurse wheeled him down to the X-ray room.
T

护士将他推向X光检查室。
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Language Points
feel like: have the feeling of being; have a wish for, want
有?的感觉;想要

e.g. When my best friend left me alone in the street, I feel like a hurt animal.
T

当我最好的朋友把我一个人抛在街上的时候,我感觉自己像一只受伤的动物。

Do you feel like another drink?
T

你想再要一杯饮料吗?

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Language Points
all right: good enough, satisfactory but not very good; in good health or spirits; well
令人满意的;不错的;健康良好的;健康的

e.g. “What?s the food like in this restaurant?” “It?s all right.”
T

“这家餐馆的食品怎样?”“还不错。”

Kate looks really unhappy. You?d better make sure she?s all right.
T

凯特看上去很不高兴。你应该保证她一切安好。

Are you feeling all right now?
T

你现在感觉好些了吗?
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Language Points
airline / ?e?l?In/: n. business that runs a regular service for carrying passengers and goods by air 航空公司 e.g. Eleven of Europe?s fifteen busiest routes are controlled by only two national airlines.
T

欧洲最繁忙的15条航线中有11条是由两家国营航空公司控制的。

What airline did you fly?
T

你乘坐哪家航空公司的飞机?

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Language Points
in the end: at last; finally
最终;结果

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Language Points
California /?k?lI?f?:nj?/
名) 加利福尼亚州(美国州

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Language Points
emergency /I???:??nsI/: n. sudden serious event or situation requiring e.g. emergency treatment
T

immediate action 紧急事件;紧急情况

急诊

state of emergency
T

紧急状态

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Language Points
take action: do sth. in response to what has happened
采取行动

e.g. All of us have to take action to protect our living environment.
T

我们大家都必须采取行动来保护我们的生活环境。

The school will take firm action against any students using illegal drugs.
T

学校将采取果断行动不让学生使用非法药品。

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Language Points
allergic /??l?:?Ik/: a. having an allergy or caused by an allergy
过敏的;过敏引起的

e.g. I'm allergic to penicillin.
T

我对青霉素过敏。

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Language Points
breath /bre?/: n. air taken into and sent out of the lungs; single act of e.g. breathing air in and out 气息;呼吸 The policemen could smell the wine on the driver?s breath.
T

警察能够闻到驾驶员的酒气。

I?m going outside for a breath of fresh air.
T

我要到外面去透透气。

As soon as the train started, I drew a long breath of relief.
T

火车一开动,我便长长地舒了一口气。

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Language Points
Jerry lived thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing attitude.
杰里活了下来,不仅是因为医生们医术高明,也是因为他令人惊讶的心态。 在许多场合,thanks to和because of意思相同,如在本段课文中都表示“由于,因为” 的意思。但是thanks to有时可以用于反讽的口气, 如:

Everyone knows about it now, thanks to you!
T

因为你,现在所有的人都知道这件事了。

Thanks to you the whole thing was a complete disaster.
T

整个事情因为你而全砸了。

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Text A Exercises
Reading Aloud Understanding the Text Reading Analysis

Vocabulary
Structure Cloze Translation

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Structure
Rewrite the following sentences according to the model given below.
Use “instead of” and the words or expressions given in the brackets to complete the following sentences. Change the forms where necessary.

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Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the forms where necessary. Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the forms where necessary.

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Understanding the Text
Answer the following questions Topics for Discussion.

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Reading Aloud
Read the following paragraph until you have learned them by heart. Seeing this style really made me curious. So one day I went up to Jerry and asked him, “I don?t get it! You can?t be a positive person all the time. How do you do it?” Jerry replied, “Each morning I wake up and say to myself, ?Jerry, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.? I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or I can choose to learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.” “Hey, it?s not that easy,” I protested. “Yes it is,” Jerry said. “Life is all about choices. When you cut away all the junk, every situation is a choice. You choose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good or bad mood. The bottom line: it?s your choice how you live life.”
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Understanding the Text
Answer the following questions
1. How would you describe Jerry according to the text? 2. Why did some waiters follow Jerry around from restaurant to restaurant? 3. What was Jerry?s answer to the writer?s question about how he managed to keep a positive attitude all the time? 4. How did Jerry sum up his attitude about life? 5. What made the writer still think of Jerry even after he had left the restaurant industry? 6. What happened to Jerry when he left the back door open one morning? 7. What did Jerry tell the writer about his reaction at the time of the robbery?

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8. How did Jerry feel when he was rushed into the emergency room of the hospital? 9. What did Jerry decide to do when he learned about his own critical situation? 10. What did the big nurse ask Jerry when he was on the operating table? 11. Why did the doctors and nurses all laugh when they heard Jerry?s answer? 12. What did Jerry tell the doctors and nurses to do after his joke about being allergic to bullets? 13. What did the writer learn from Jerry?s story?

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Topics for Discussion. 1. What do you think of the writer?s attitude towards life? 2. What do you believe is a good attitude to take while studying at college?

PREV.

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Reading Analysis
Read Text A again and complete the following table.

Part


Topic
Jerry as a guy that you love to hate.

Paragraph(s)
1 2

Main Idea
Jerry always held a positive attitude. Jerry?s employees liked to work for him because of his _______________ positive attitude .

3-6

Jerry talked about his view on a its relationship positive attitude and ____________ _____ to life.
____________ The writer was influenced by Jerry?s attitude in later days.
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Part


Topic
the robbery that tested Jerry?s ______ attitude _______

Paragraph(s)
8 9-14

Main Idea
was seriously hurt in a robbery. Jerry ___________ managed Jerry told the writer how he __________ ______ to stay alive after the robbery.

15

_________ is Jerry?s story tells us that attitude _________ . everything

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Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the forms where necessary. mood affect unique relatively curious surgery complain emergency protest lock react consciousness

1. The more Tom tried to avoid talking about his past, the more ______ curious Jane became about it. 2. It is our attitude at the beginning of a difficult task that, more than anything else, _____ the result. affects 3. The government has declared a state of _________ emergency because of the tsunami (海啸) resulting from the earthquake. locked it, as was his habit. 4. He closed the door behind him and ______ 5. ________ Relatively speaking, Spain is a poor European country. 6. Can?t you do something positive to help improve the situation instead of complaining __________ so much?
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mood affect

unique relatively

curious surgery

complain emergency

protest lock

react consciousness

________ when her 7. “I don?t see why I should take the blame for this!” Mary protested boss shouted at her about the broken window. 8. It?s not what happens to you but how you react ____ to it that matters. 9. Simple pleasures, such as a walk on a sunny day, can have a good effect on our _____ mood . ______ because they have the capacity(能力) to choose what 10. Humans are unique they do. 11. Without air, the victim stopped breathing, lost ______________ consciousness , and soon died. ______ if he wanted to play 12. Doctors said that Johnston definitely needed surgery football again.
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Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the forms where necessary.

follow around lose touch

look on go through

wake up take action

the bottom line thanks to

reflect on after all

the 1. Most people wan