必修 5 综合测试题 第二部分：英语知识运用(共两节, 满分35分) ●第一节单项填空(共15小题；每小题1分,满分15分) 从A、B、C和D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Karl took a book with him _____ he had to spend a long time sitting on the bus. A. in case B. in or
der C. so that D. even if 22. One needs to work hard to realize his or her dream, as the saying goes "Hard work ________ success". A. lies in B. results from C. leads to D. begins with 23. Mr. Watt, besides his son, _____ to do more exercise in order to keep healthy. A. encouraged B. is encouraged C. encourages D. are encouraged 24. Tom was late for school that day, and what’s more, he ________ to his teacher saying that he was ill. A. was laying B. laid C. lied D. was lying 25. —Why does Mike look so happy? —Oh, he was just ________ a post at a famous company. A. offered B. offering C. to offer D. being offered 26. He _______ his lesson, and has never done that illegal business again since then. A. was learning B. had learnt C. learns D. learned 27. This is the reason _______ he gave in the meeting, but the boss didn’t accept it. A. that B. why C. how D. what 28. They will not be allowed ________ in the finals if they don’t get the highest score in the coming match this weekend. A. participating B. to participate C. to be participated D. being participating 29. As the population increases, the _____ for water grows, too. Therefore, it’s important that everyone should try to save water. A. concern B. prediction C. waste D. Demand 30. I ______ these funny names to make myself remember things that I found easy to forget. A. made up B. kept away C. used up D. gave away 31. You can hardly imagine what difficulty I had _______ Alice to give up the foolish idea. A. persuaded B. to persuade C. persuade D. Persuading 32. ______ in his novel, he paid no attention to my entering the room. A. Having lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Being lost 33. He asked his friends to stop when they ______ to talk to him about his ill wife. A. advised B. applied C. attempted D. admitted 34. The story brought me back to the night ______ you came to my house and helped me out of trouble. A. who B. which C. when D. where
35. —David didn’t invite us to his birthday party. —_______ I don’t care. A. It’s a pity. B. So what? C. It’s up to him. D. Why not? ●第二节完形填空(共20小题；每小题1分,满分20分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36－55各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Verna Haskins Denny helps people realize their dreams. The native New Yorker, a financial advisor (财政顾问) from an American company, develops financial plans for 36 from all walks of life (各行各业). "I work with my clients (顾客) to 37 a financial plan that will let them realize their goals, 38 it be buying a house or investing (投资) in a retirement account," she says. "I help them become financially 39 ." Formerly a researcher in adult literacy (文化水平), Denny has been working in the field of financial 40 since the mid-90s. During her career, she has helped her clients 41 a variety of financial situations, from 42 their taxes to saving for a car. Although many people don’t think they make 43 money to have a financial plan, it’s 44 not true, according to Denny. "Saving and budgeting money for specific 45 can be done by everyone, no matter how much or little they earn." Denny says there are a few basic things you can do to 46 your financial health. First, try to put aside enough money to 47 at least three months expenses for emergencies. This will 48 having to rely on credit cards if something 49 comes up. Second, begin saving for 50 . It’s never too early or too late. And take advantage of any pension (养老金) or retirement plans offered by your employer. Third, 51 money regularly. "It doesn’t matter if it’s only $5 or $10 per month," Denny says. "Saving money consistently over time will 52 ." Another thing to think about is making sure to get enough health, home, auto, and disability insurance and other kinds of financial 53 . Above all, don’t forget to make a will. "This is especially 54 if you have children," Denny 55 . "You want to know that your wishes can be followed after you’re gone." 36. A. individuals B. companies C. organizations D. Employers 37. A. accept B. suggest C. create D. Understand 38. A. whether B. how C. why D. When 39. A. quicker B. more convenient C. more useful D. Stronger 40. A. teaching B. planning C. predicting D. Supporting 41. A. try B. apply C. set D. Manage 42. A. stopping B. increasing C. avoiding D. lowering 43. A. enough B. public C. easy D. pocket 44. A. hardly B. easily C. simply D. Nearly 45. A. achievements B. goals C. styles D. Methods 46. A. improve B. change C. damage D. Return 47. A. cover B. contain C. express D. reduce 48. A. prevent B. risk C. suggest D. allow 49. A. unfair B. unpleasant C. uncomfortable D. unexpected 50. A. career B. travel C. unemployment D. retirement 51. A. earn B. save C. spend D. Lend 52. A. go on B. turn out C. add up D. take off 53. A. means B. aid C. challenge D. protection 54. A. important B. impossible
C. satisfactory 55. A. persuades
D. Encouraging B. explains C. agrees
第三部分:阅读理解 (共20小题; 每小题2分, 满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A 难度:★ Bella Abzug was well known for many reasons. She was a lawyer and an activist. She represented New York City in Congress (国会). She spoke in a loud voice. And she always wore large hats. Ms. Abzug supported women’s rights and civil rights. Bella Abzug was born Bella Savitsky in the Bronx area of New York City in 1920 when her parents had come to the United States from Russia. Bella said she knew from the age of eleven that she wanted to be a lawyer. Bella attended Hunter College and Columbia Law School in New York City. She married Martin Abzug in1944. He was a stockbroker (股票经纪 人) and writer. He had no interest in politics, but he was his wife’s best friend and supporter. Bella Abzug became a lawyer in the 1940s. She represented labor union workers. She also represented people involved in civil rights cases. In the 1950s, she represented people charged with subversive (颠覆性的) activities by Senator Joseph McCarthy. Bella Abzug began wearing large hats when she was a young lawyer. There were very few women lawyers in America at that time. She told the story about why she began wearing hats, "Working women wore hats. It was the only way they would take you seriously. After a while I started liking wearing them. When I got to Congress, they made a big thing of it. They did not want me to wear a hat, but I always did so." In the 1960s, Bella Abzug became an anti-war activist. She organized a group of anti-war women, called Women Strike for Peace. She opposed (反对) American involvement in the war in Vietnam. And she opposed the testing of nuclear weapons. She led demonstrations (游行) in Washington, D.C. against the war and in support of a ban against nuclear weapons. She became a leader of the movement against President Johnson because of his involvement in the war. 56. When Bella was a teenage girl, she ______. A. lived in Russia with her parents B. wanted to become a lawyer C. had many friends and supporters D. wanted to become a writer 57. Bella’s husband Martin Abzug _____. A. turned to writing to help her B. shared a common interest with her C. understood and supported her D. took part in various activities with her 58. Bella always wore large hats in order to _______. A. attract people’s attention B. show that she was a lawyer C. earn equal respect from men D. fight against people in Congress 59. The underlined part "made a big thing of it" probably means "_______". A. put a big decoration on her hat B. regarded her hat as something very ugly C. thought it special to wear a hat D. thought it unnecessary to wear a hat 60. What do we know about Bella’s political activities? A. She struggled for women’s rights and civil rights.
B. She became a political activist who supported the war. C. She once organized a group of women to demonstrate in Washington, D.C. D. She opposed President Johnson because of the use of nuclear weapons. B 难度:★ ★ The beauty of being on a houseboat is that you can make your own holiday. You can cruise along the waterways and stop at any place that you think is the perfect spot to enjoy the beautiful view. Expert training is available to show you the ropes and all the necessary information you will need. And it’s so simple to handle that you don’t even need to have a boat license. And here’s the best part —you only need to pack what you want to eat and drink. Everything else is supplied on board. There’s not much you can’t do on a houseboat. You can take it easy in style, with comfortable beds and bathrooms, a large lounge room complete with a stereo and a TV, and a very impressive kitchen filled with all the cooking tools you may need. You can even throw a line overboard (向船外) and cook your fresh catch. If you are up for a bit of adventure, then anchor(用锚固定)the boat off empty beaches for a swim. When you are back on board, relax in the spa(温泉)—big enough for 10 people —for the perfect ending to a great day. A three-day hire will cost around $3,600, but as there are beds for 12 people, it works out to be $100 a day. Of course there are small-size boats on offer as well, for about half the price. So if you are looking for a holiday with all the comforts of home, and with the added bonus(额外的好处)of beautiful ever-changing scenery, cruising on a houseboat is the choice for you. For more information contact Able Houseboats: Wedsite: www.hawkesburyhouseboats.com.au Tel: 1800 024 979 61. The underlined part "show you the ropes"in Paragraph 1 probably means "________". A. tell you how to use the ropes B. bring you great pleasure C. help you to build a boat D. teach you the skills 62. What is Paragraph 3 mainly about? A. How to arrange a houseboat trip. B. What you can do during a houseboat trip. C. What you should pay attention to on a houseboat. D. How to choose a good houseboat. 63. Before starting your holiday on a houseboat, you should ________. A. prepare enough food and drink B. apply for a boat license C. buy some necessary cooking tools D. get lots of information about houseboats 64. If you rent a small-size houseboat for three days, you should pay ________. A. about 900 dollars B. about 1,200 dollars C. about 1,800 dollars D. about 3,600 dollars 65. The passage is probably taken from a(n) ________. A. technical article B. tourist advertisement C. newspaper report D. official document C
难度:★ ★ ★ A new survey says that cigarettes are slowly being replaced by an equal addiction —the cellphone. Among some of the report findings: ●A rise in cellphone use during the late 1990s happened at the same time with a decline (下降) in smoking among 15-year-olds. ●The popularity of smoking fell to 23% in 1999 from 30% in 1996, and in the same year cellphone use rose quickly among 15 to 17-year-olds. "We think that the fall in youth smoking and the rise in ownership of cellphones among teenagers are related," the researchers write. They say that many teens cannot afford to keep both habits and prefer the latest technology to the smoking. "The marketing of cellphones is rooted in improving one’s self-image, which is like cigarette advertising," the researchers write. "As ownership increases, cellphones will become essential for membership of peer (同龄人) groups that organize their social lives by means of cellphones," they conclude. This is an interesting social observation. Like most parts of life it has its good and bad effects. The good is obvious: teens are smoking less. The concern here is that wide cellphone use is likely to be even more dangerous for their health than smoking. We know the risks of smoking and have studied that for many years. However, no one has ever studied the long-term effects of cellphone radiation (放射性) on one’s brain. There is enough suggestive evidence to have great concern. Cellphones should be used only when it is urgent, if at all. 66. According to the survey findings, ________. A. there were more teens smoking in the 1990s than before B. there were more teens using cellphones than smoking C. the percentage of teen smokers declined in the late1990s D. the percentage of teen cellphone users declined in the 1990s 67. What do teens use cellphones for according to the passage? A. Organizing their social lives. B. Supporting the latest technology. C. Getting rid of bad habits. D. Advertising for themselves. 68. What is the good aspect of teens’using cellphones? A. It helps some teens give up smoking. B. It is easier for teens to afford. C. It is less dangerous than smoking. D. It helps teens study new technology. 69. It is suggested in the passage that we should _______. A. know both the good and the bad effects of using cellphones B. not advertise for cellphones as we advertised for smoking C. study the risks of using cellphones as soon as possible D. not use cellphones unless necessary 70. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Why teens prefer cellphones to smoking. B. The effects of teens using cellphones. C. The rise in cellphone use and the fall in smoking among teens. D. It’s more dangerous to use cellphones than to smoke. D 难度:★ ★ ★ ★ A report by Sir Peter Williams says the UK is one of the few developed nations where it is acceptable to say you are "useless at maths". Such attitudes will not help children see maths as an important part of their daily lives, it says.
The report criticizes (批评) the amount of maths training teachers receive because most teachers only have basic requirements in maths for teacher training. The report says parents need to have a "can-do"attitude towards maths and learn the modern techniques to help and encourage their children to love maths. "What’s more, society’s negative attitude to the subject can have great impact on students at all levels and of all ages, including the very young,"says it. "That is hardly helpful to creating a home environment in which mathematics is seen by children as an essential and rewarding part of their everyday lives,"Williams’view was supported by Schools Minister Jim Knight. "Maths is central to giving children the best start and the right skills for life. If children can’t add up, and if maths isn’t valued or seen as being important, how can we expect them in secondary school to understand science, or manage their own finances when they go to college,"said he. The report also says children’s achievement in maths has improved, particularly since the introduction of the National Numeracy Strategy in 1998. "The percentage of 11-year-olds attaining (达到) Level 4 and above has risen from 59% to over 77% (since then),"says it. In its recently announced Children’s Plan, the government has set out further ambitious (雄心勃勃 的) goals to maintain the progress made so far. Central to the achievement of these goals is the quality of teaching in all schools. 71. Peter Williams’s report shows that _____________. A. most children in the UK have a negative attitude to maths B. in the UK, most maths teachers’ qualifications are not satisfactory C. social issues won’t lead to a decrease in children’s interest in maths D. parents in the UK are to blame for the home environment 72. What does the underlined word "that" in the third paragraph refer to? A. The negative attitude of society towards maths. B. The view of Schools Minister. C. The "can-do "attitude of parents in the UK. D. The amount of maths training teachers receive. 73. We are told by what the Schools Minister says that ___. A. children will not have a good future if they are poor at maths B. maths is the most important subject for young students C. maths is important because it can lay the foundation for future studies D. children can go to secondary school and college if they are good at maths 74. From the last paragraph, we know that the ________. A. National Numeracy Strategy ended after 1998 B. children’s achievement in maths has improved due to the Children’s Plan C. the government has required children to set out ambitious learning goals D. the government is paying a lot more attention to the quality of maths teaching now 75. What will the passage probably discuss if it continues? A. Children’s performance in maths. B. Training to be received by maths teachers. C. Parents’ reactions to the government’s plan. D. Teachers’ complaints about the results of the report. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节, 满分45分） ●第一节阅读表达(共5小题；每小题3分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文,并根据要求完成文章后的题目。 Africa is the world’s second largest continent. More than three times the size of the United States, it is home to enormous mountains, tropical rainforests, grassy savannas (热带大草原), three of the world’s largest deserts, and the world’s longest river. There are many tall mountains in East Africa. Mount Kilmanjaro, the continent’s highest peak, is a volcano that is no longer active. It is located near the equator, but it is so high that its peak is always covered with snow.
The Great Rift Valley of East Africa is a huge crack (裂缝) in the earth’s surface. The result is a surprising landscape extending from Mozambique in the south, to Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Sudan in the north. There are places along the rift where the walls of the valley are more than a mile high. __________ Lake Victoria, on the border of Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya, is the world’s second largest freshwater lake. Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile, the world’s longest river. Lake Tanganyika formed in the rift and is almost a mile deep. Most of land near the equator is the tropical rainforest. The climate is hot and wet and an average of more than 70 inches of rain falls annually (一年一次地). The rainforest is home to some of the world’s most important plants because it provides oxygen to the entire planet, and keeps the earth’s temperature from rising. North and south of the rainforests are savannas, areas covered in tall grass and scattered (散落的) trees and bushes. The savanna is home to large grazing animals like elephants, lions, tigers, giraffes and zebras. The savanna is generally not used for farming because its topsoil is too thin. 76. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Tropical rain forests cover most of thee quatorialland. ____________________________________________ 77. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with an appropriate sentence to complete the passage. (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________ 78. What effect does the rainforest have on the earth’s climate? (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________ 79. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________ 80. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese.____________________________________________
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