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情景交际公开课


情 景 交 际
Situational Communication

情景交际类试题的目的是考查考生运用 英语进行交际的基本能力。这类试题所包 含的内容基本都是考生熟悉的日常用语。

in Daily Expressions Communication
.感谢、道歉和应答Thanks, apologies and r

esponses

.建议和应答 Advice and responses
.打电话making a phone call .提供(帮助等)和应答Offers and responses .约会Making appointments .请求、允许和应答Asking for permission and responses

感谢/道歉
Give the proper answers of your own:

---- sorry, I made a mistake again. ---- 1>.__________________. It doesn’t matter 2>.__________________. Never mind 3>.__________________. Forget it 4>.__________________. That’s ok 5>.________________. That’s all right ________________. That’s/ It’s nothing ________________.

---Thank you for your help. --- 1>.____________________. That’s all right/ok 2>.____________________. Not at all 3>.____________________. You are welcome 4>.____________________. Don’t mention it (It’s a) my pleasure 5>.____________________. ____________________. That’s/It’s nothing Forget it ____________________.

感谢/道歉
Give the proper answers of your own: ? 1. Thank you for your help.
That’s all right/ok. Don’t mention it. (It’s a) my pleasure. Not at all. You’re welcome. It’s/That’s nothing. Forget it 2.Sorry, I made a mistake again. That’s all right/ok. No problem. It doesn’t matter. Never mind. (You can ) forget it. It’s nothing.

1. All right 好的,行的。 That's all right. 没关系,

不用谢(可回答Thank you. 和I'm sorry.)。 That's
right. 那是对的。 2. With pleasure.=Yes/Certainly. 意为“当然可以; 愿意效劳”。类似的答语还有:All right; OK; No problem; I'd like to.等,主要用于对别人的请

求 表 示 乐 意 去 做 的 场 合 。 It's a pleasure.=A
pleasure.=My pleasure. 意为“不用谢;没关系;

这是我乐意做的”,通常是对thank you 的回答。

— Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office? —Yes, . A. for pleasure B. I could. C. my pleasure. D. with pleasure. — I’d like to take a week’s holiday. — , we’re too busy. (全国卷 III ) A. Don’t worry. B. Don’t mention it C. Forget it D. Pardon me

建议

Ok, that’s fine/great. Good idea. (That) sounds great. Why not? I’d like to. It (all )depends. It’s up to you .

What/How about going to the cinema ?

---How about a game of chess? ---___,but I have to go over my notes for tomorrow’s exam. A.I agree B. Sounds great C. No, I am terribly sorry D. That’s right.

B

打电话
Hello, Is Tom in? May I speak to ..? He/she is not here right now. This is ..speaking. Hello, who is it? Who is speaking,please?

Who is it/that?

Hold on ,please./ Hold the line, please.

Can I take a message for you ,please?

提供(帮助等)和应答
a. Can/Could/Shall I help you? Would you like me to...? Is there anything(else) I can do for you? Do you want me to...? What can I do for you?

Let me do/carry/help...(for you).
Thanks. That would be nice/fine. That’s very kind of you. All right, thank you . Yes, please. Here, take this/my.... No, thanks. I can manage it myself.

. —Can I help you? Are you looking for anything in particular ? — ____. We are just looking.
A. yes, please. C. Yes, you can B. No, thank you D. No, you needn’t.

a.

May I...? Can/Could I...? I wonder if I could....

请求、允许和应答

Would/Do you mind if I .... ?
b. Yes/Sure/Certainly. Yes,(do) please.

Of course(you may). Go ahead,please.
That’s OK/all right. Not at all.

c. I’m sorry you can’t.
I’m sorry,but.... You’d better not.

Would/Do you mind if I .... ?
若表示“不介意”或“同意”时, 常用否定形式。 No, of course not. No, certainly not. 若表示“介意”或“不 同意”时,则常用较委婉 的方式加以拒绝 I'm sorry but I do. Sorry, you'd better not. I'm afraid you can't. I would rather you didn’t ... I'm sorry, but it's not allowed ...

No, not at all.
No, go ahead. No, do as you like. No, indeed. No, I don't mind. No, do it please. Not in the least.

.

— Do you mind if I record your lecture? — ____. Go ahead. A. Never mind B. No way C. Not at all D. No, you’d better not

— Do you mind my smoking here? —
A. No, thanks. C. Yes, please B. No, good idea D. Yes. Better not.

? 几个常考的交际用语

1.---_________(如果…会怎么样) What if we hang a picture here? ---Sounds good. 2.---I want to borrow some money from you. ---__________ (做什么用,为什么)? What for It’s the third time you have borrowed money from me. 3.---If you keep on breaking the rules, you will be fired. ---_________(那又怎么样呢)? So what I don’t care.

4.----Could I close the window? It’s too cold. ---._______________. Go ahead ★ ★ _______________.(请便) Help yourself ★ ★ 5.----Peter failed in the maths test. ----____________(怎么会这样)? How come He is the top student in maths.

6.----Shall we go camping this weekend? -----______________________ . It / That (all) depends (那要看情况而定) 7.----I am afraid I can’t pass the coming test. Cheer up ----___________(高兴起来,振作 起来). I am sure you can make it.

8.----Remember to post the letter for me on your way home. ----__________(知道了,明白了)。 Got it 9.----Which dress should I take? ----______________(取决于你, It is up to you 由你来决定). 10.----I am afraid I can’t do it. ----____________(来,赶快)! Come on I did it in twenty minutes.

9.----Could I look at the menu a few more minutes? Take your time ----______________(别着急,慢 慢看). I will come back a few minutes later. 10.----Is there anything serious with Grandma? Take it easy ----____________(别担心,别紧 张). Her health is picking up.

情景交际 单选题解题“三忌”

? 这一误区极具迷惑力,因为无论按题目内
容或是按思维方式来考虑,都非常符合中 国学生的习惯. ? 显然,掌握英汉两种语言和文化之间的相 同和相异之处,对于准确解题至关重要。

(1) — Can I speak to Mr Wang, please? — . A. Who are you B. I’m Wang C. Speaking D. Are you John? (2) — It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now. — OK. . A. Take it easy. B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you

? 这主要是指在对方要求得到帮助,提出

请求或邀请时,回答过于直接,不够委
婉,尽管从语义角度分析是没毛病的, 但不符合英语国家的交际习惯。

? “请求”方面的问 话有May I…?/Can I…?/I wonder if I could…/Do you mind if I…?等, ? “邀请”方面 的问话有Will you…?/Would you like to…?/I’d like to invite to…等。 ? 在作否定回答 时,为了表示礼貌和委婉,通常要用 一些委婉词,如but, I’m afraid, I’m sorry, thanks, please, had better等

—I’d like to invite you to dinner this Saturday. Mr Smith — . A. Oh, no. Let’s not B. I’m very sorry, but I have other plans. C. I’d rather stay at home. D. Oh, no. That’ll be too much trouble

— Do you mind if I keep pets in the building? — _____ A. Yes. Better not B. Of course not . It is not allowed here. C. .No, thanks . D. You can’t

? 应该说答非所问的错误比较容易察觉,如果问话 与答话的内容风马牛不相及的话,学生可以迅速 排除。但有时双方会话内容有所关联,但仔细推 敲发现其实答语并不切题。 ? 最典型的例子是With pleasure和It’s a pleasure。 前者一般在事前回答, 表示“没问题,非常愿意” 。后者一般在事后回答, 表示“不必感谢,不用客 气”。

— Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office? —Yes, . A. for pleasure B. I could. C. my pleasure. D. with pleasure. — Sorry, I couldn't come to the party. I was sick that day. — ______. A. I don't know that B. That's all right C. Yes, we'll have another party D. No, the party wasn't held 【答案及解析】 B A、C和D三项均明显地答非所问,与问句 无关;只有B项能够作出直接的答复。

情景交际 单选题解题“三忌”

Summary

一、要掌握常用的功能意念会话项目, 特别是一些口语式的固定搭配; 二、情景交际单选题解题“三忌”

Practice
—How long are you staying? —I don’t know. . A. That’s OK B. Never mind. C. It depends. D. It doesn’t matter —I’m afraid I can’t finish the book in this week. — . A. Please go ahead B. That’s all right. C. Not at all. D. Take your time. . —Oh, must you? Stay a bit longer. It’s been such fun having you. — , but I’ve got an early start tomorrow morning. A. No problem B. All right. C. thanks any way D. Never mind

—Thank you ever so much for the book you sent me. — . A. No thanks. B. I’m glad you like it C. Please don’t say so D. No, it’s not so good

.—Go for a picnic this weekend. Ok? — . I love getting close to nature.
A. I couldn’t agree more. C. I believe not B. I’m afraid not D. I don’t think so.

—I’m terribly sorry I broke your glass. — . A. That’s right. B. Bad luck C. Sorry. D. You can forget it. —Do you think I could borrow your bicycle? — . A. How came? B. Take your time. C. Yes, go on. D. Yes, help yourself

---Would you do me a favor and carry these books? ---___. A.Yes, that’s right B.It is my pleasure C.Never mind D.With pleasure

D

---Hello. May I speak to Bill, please? ---___. A.Bill speaking B.I’m Bill C.You are speaking to Bill D.I’m speaking.

A

---___? ---No, thanks. I’m just looking around. I’ll let you know if I want anything. A.Have you made up your mind what you want B.What do you want C.Can I help you D.Do you like it

C

---Can you post these letters for us on your way home? ---___. A.No problem B.It’s all right C.Fine D.I hope so

A

---Do you happen to have 20 dollars on you? ---___? ---I want to buy a reference book. A.Do you want the money B.What will you want to do C.How much D.What for

D

---I’m so sorry for stepping on your foot. ---___. A.That’s all right B.No, it’s my fault C.You didn’t hurt me at all D.Yes, don’t worry about it

A

---Would you mind ___ the window? It’s hot here! ---___. A.to open; No, please B.open; Yes, please C.opening; No, of course not D.opening; Yes, please

C

---Do you have the time? ---Sorry, I have no watch. ---___ A.What a shame! B.Thanks anyway C.It doesn’t matter. D.Why not buy one?

B

---Would it bother talked to you ---___. A.Yes, please C.Yes, please don’t

D

you if I for a minute? B.No, I don’t D.Not at all

— Tom, you get dead drunk again! — ____ ? It’s none of your business. A. So what B. How come C. Why not D. What for

A

Homework
do more exercises about situational communication after class


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