选修 9 Unit 2 词汇学案
编号：42 编写人：刘美玲 使用日期：________ 审核人：赵贵波 A.重点单词 1. mercy n. 怜悯，宽恕，仁慈，恩惠 She appealed to the judge to have mercy on her husband.她请求法官她的丈夫。 The king showed no mercy and killed
all the prisoners. at the mercy of …在…支配中，任凭 …摆布 at the mercy of the circumstances have mercy on …… 对 …… 受环境支配 表示怜悯 show mercy to /on (upon) sb 对某人表示怜悯 without mercy 毫不容情的，残忍的 Many people show their mercy ____________ the geggars. A.with B.at C.for D.to 2.overhead adv. “在头上方；向上” 没有最高级和比较级，与 upward 相同 adj. “头上的过顶的，高架的” The children are looking up at the stars overhead .孩子们正抬头看星星。 3.accelerate vt.加速，促进。同义词 quicken,speed vi.速度增加 He decided to accelerate his output. 他决定增加产量 They could accelerate the speed,but it could also be dangerous. 4.secure adj. 安全的，保险的，可靠的。同义词：safe adj. 确定的，无疑的 be secure of =be sure of/about 确信… Make the windows secure before leaving the house.出门之前把窗户关严 Car manufacturers ought to produce vehicles which are more secure against theft. 汽车制造商应该制造更有利于防盗的汽车 The children felt secure neat their parents.孩子们在父母旁边感到安全 5.awkward adj.笨拙的，不熟练的 adj.棘手的，很难处理的 be awkward to do something 做某事很困难 I’d be a bit awkward ,actually.实际上这有点棘手 She is still awkward with chopsticks.她筷子使用的不熟练 6.random adj.随机的，偶然的，随便的；无目的的
at random 随意地，任意地，随机地 Please choose a number at random.请随便选取一个号码 7.deposit n. 存款，定金，存放，保证金 vt.存放，寄存 vi.沉淀 make a deposit 存款，交定金 He deposited the case in the left luggage office.他箱子放在行李寄存处 He deposits a sum of money in the bank each month.他每月在银行存一笔钱 8.reckon vt.&vi 计算 vt.&vi 认为，看作同义词 regard , consider vt.&vi 估计,推算 reckon on 指望，依靠； reckon with sb/sth 考虑到或者重视某人某物 I reckon this will be a hot summer. 我估计这将是一个炎热的夏天 They reckon him as their enemy 他们把它看做敌人 I reckon on your support. 我指望你的支持 We have to reckon with many problems.我们必须考虑到许多问题 9.tear n. 眼泪 v. 撕破 短语：in tears//burst into rears 短语：
tear…open 撕开，tear at 撕，扯，……用力撕 My wife burst into tears when she heard the bad news. Her heart was torn by anxiety. 他焦虑得心都快碎了 Can you tear a sheet of paper in two? 你能把一张纸撕成两半吗？ I found him in tears in his bedroom. 我看到他在房间里流泪 B.重点词组 1.work out I’’ll work out our schedule.我将制定出一份时间表 Everything will work out.一切会好起来的 work out 解决；算出；弄懂，理解；想出，制定出 at work 在工作，在上班，在干活 in work 在工作，有工作 反义词组：out of work work on 继续工作，从事…….. 2.close to The church is close to the school 教堂在学校附近 They live close to the museum 他们住在靠近博物馆的地方
It’s very close to the sample 接近，亲近，靠近
4.Samaranch was sure to say that nothing was going on with IOC,__________some of its members had been reported to have done wrong. A.in case A.instead of A.other than B. now that B.as well as B.less than C.even though C.less than C.rather than D.as long as D.rather than D.more than 5.My interests include football,bowling and surfing the web _______ studying my favorite subjects. 6.When they arrived ,they found that they know no one ________ the bride and groom. 7.---Is Bob still performing? ---I’m afraid not .He is said _________ the stage already. A.to have left A.take part in A.with A.where A. Whether A. to be updated B.to leave B.attend B.Besides B.how B. What C.leaving C.join C.For C.what C. That B. to have been updated D.left D.join in D.Except D.which D. How regularly. C. to update D. to have updated 8.After school,the students would________each other playing on the playground. 9. __________ fishing, I am also fond of hunting and climbing. 10.The house-owner was unwilling to sell his house for ______ he thought was not enough. 11.（2010· 北京卷）__some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. 12.（2011· 北京卷）It’s important for the figures
Finally,they came up close to him. 最后，他们走过来靠近他 close to get close to 接近，靠近，其中 to 为介词 be close to 靠近，接近；在…..附近 3.compare with /to No one can compare with him in English.在英语方面，无人能和他相比 Cultural life in the country cannot compare to that of a large city. 农村的文化生活不能与大城市的相比 Compared to other vehicles,car is really quite convenient. 同其他车辆相比，汽车确实很方便 Compared to /with most of men,you are so lucky. 比起很多男人来，你真是幸运多了 compare with 意思是“相对照，比较”，指就两者之间的相异方面或程度上的不同进行对比 compare to “比作，比喻为”，指的是就两者之间的相似方面进行比拟 放在句首作状语时，compared to 等于 compared with，意思是“和……相比”。 4.prove v. It proved to be 证明，证实 prove+that 证明……
13.（2011· 江苏卷）Recently a survey _______ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens. A．compared A. especially along with the assess A. mainly B. punctually C. approximately D. precisely 16. (2006 浙江卷) When ______ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared 17. (2007 湖北卷)Surely it doesn’matter where the student associations get their money from; what ________is what they do with it. A.counts A independent A quietly B.applies B confident B actually C.stresses C reliable C practically D.functions D flexible recovering from his heart operation. D gradually 18.(2009 浙江卷)John is very — if he promises to do something he’ll do it . B．comparing B. frequently C．compares C. merely D．being compared D. finally 14.（2010· 浙江卷[）Do you think shopping online will __ take the place of shopping in stores? 15. ( 2009 ? 湖北卷 ) The questionnaire takes_____ ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used
prove+object+adj.用形容词做宾补，结构是“谓语动词+宾语+形容词”。 prove (to be ) 很多情况下 to be 可以省略，可以联系 think,consider,make 一起记忆。 Perhaps this book will prove to be of some use to you in your studies. 也许这本书会对你的研究有用处 The old methods proved best after all. 采用老方法结果反而最好 There’s nothing left to prove 不需要去证明任何东西 We still have to prove our strength 我们还要证明我们的实力 跟踪练习： 1.---.Nowadays in Britain,calulators can used freely in _________ school exams. --- Do you think a calculator is _______ must? A.the ;the A.this B.the;a B.that C.不填；the C.it D. 不填；a D.one 2.I like __________ in the autumn when the weathere is clear and bright. 3.-You are so lucky. -What do you mean ________ that? A.for B.in C.of D.by
19. (2009 浙江卷)In the good care of the nurses, the boy is
选修 9 Unit 2 Reading 学案
编号：43 编写人：刘美玲 使用时间：________ 审核人：赵贵波
B.it’s never too late to mend C.a friend in need is a friend indeed D.well begun is half done
Text A 1.How many traditional methods used by seamen are mentioned in the text? A.Four B .Five C.Eight D.Ten
II．长句难句 1.Seabirds could be used to show the way to land when it was nowhere to be seen.
Children were nowhere to be seen。孩子们都没影儿了. She is nowhere to be seen 。到处都找不到她 nowhere 做状语 to be seen 做表语
2.The text doesn’t tell us whether skilled seaman used to use the _______ to judge his position at sea. A.North Star B.sun C.stars D .moon
3.Seamen could know if they were near land according to the _______. A.moon B. seaweed C.North Star D.sun
2.There was no secure method of measuring longitude until the 17th century when the British solved this theoretical problem.直到 17 世纪英国人解决了这个理论问题后， 人 们才有了测量经度的可靠方法。
There was no …… until ……直到……才有……。 It was not until he came that I left 知道他来，我才离开。 Not until eleven o’clock did he come home 他到十一点才回家
4.By studing the wind ,seamen could _______. A.tell the distance they had covered B.know how far away they were away C.judge the direction of ship D.make their journey meaningful 5.Before the finding of longitude, navigation of the ocean must have been______. A.easy Text B 1.Latitude and longitude are used to help seamen know _______. A.how far away they are from land C.the right direction of the course B.where they are in the ocean D.the direction of the ocean currents B.difficult C.exciting D.pleasant
It was not until a few months later that he knew the story. （2010 江西卷）Not until he left his home A. did he begin B. had he begun to know how important the family was for him. C. he began D. he has began
3.Then he could tell if he was sailing on his correct rather than a random course.
（2011· 全国新课标卷）30．The form cannot be signed by anyone A. rather than B. other than C. more than D. better than yourself.
(2009 浙江卷)It took brains, too. A. other than B. more than
building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took
2.In order to calculate the speed of their ship,seamen used to use ______. A.the compass B. a rope C. a log D.both B and C
C. rather than
D. less than
3.which is the correct order of the development of navigational instruments? A.The compass-the sextant-the quadrant-the astrolabe-the bearing cirale B.The bearing circle-the astrolabe- the sextant- the quadrant- the compass C.The bearing circle- the astrolabe- the quadrant- the sextant- the compass D. The astrolabe- the bearing cirale- the sextant- the quadrant- the compass 4.The development of navigational instruments shows _______ A.necessary is the mother of invention
4.This made the calculations more precise and easier to do.
(2011· 安徽卷 30)Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier _____ into small pieces. A. break B. breaking C. broken D. to break
（2011· 福建卷）The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable A. held . B. holding C. be held D. to hold
5.In addition, the captain kept us all busy reading the tables to work out our position.
① believe that you can work out this problem by yourself. I 我相信你自己能做出这道题的。 ② work out regulary to keep fit. 我经常努力锻炼身体以保持健康。 I ③ How will things work out? 事情将成什麽样子呢?
kids. I was exhausted just watching you
.With your words of wisdom in my 29
suddenly felt unlimited freedom to dream. My whole world 30
.I set out to live my life filled with
,seeing endless possibilities for personal and professional achievements. Your words became my motto. I 31 32 found myself in the unique position of being either the one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in
④ Things worked out quite well. 事情的结果很不错。 （2011· 江西卷）You can’t predict everything. Often things don’t ____ as you expect. A.run out B.break out C.work out D. put out. （2007 年陕西卷）We had wanted to finish our task by noon, but it didn’t quite ______as planned. A. find out B. give out C. hand out D. work out
first (woman doctor in Maryland Rotary)
my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I’ll try that.” Encouraged by your to make mistakes, and 33 , I have forged ahead (毅然前行) with my life’s journey, less afraid 35 it. Sorry, got to
34 meeting each challenge. You did it, and now I’m
run. So much to do, so many dreams to live. 16. A. found 17. A. saving 18. A. business 19. A. what 20. A. at 21. A. amused 22. A. role B. play B. making B. fashion B. that B. to B. worried B. tests B. ought to B. blowing B. chances B. doctor B. in action B. powerful B. closed down B. hardship B. shortly B. but B. statement B. curiously B. considering C. kept C. donating C. law C. which C. upon C. puzzled C. positions C. need C. falling C. challenges C. reporter C. in trouble C. youthful C. went by C. harmony C. hardly C. or C. praise C. carelessly C. correcting D. provided D. receiving D. medical D. where D. under D. disappointed D. shows D. could D. beating D. changes D. model D. in charge D. empty D. opened up D. sadness D. nearly D. for D. introduction D. eagerly D. reading
6.He kept us busy and tried to take our minds off our stomachs and our thirst.
take one’s / sb.’s mind off 转移一下注意力；暂时将某事忘记 （2009 全国卷）Let's go to ___cinema that'll take your mind off the problem for _____while. A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D. a; a
(2006 福建卷)Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane_____. A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off
（2011 陕西卷）Some insects________the colour of their surroundings to protect themselves. A. take in B. take off C. take on D. take out
Ⅲ .完形填空（2011 天津卷）
A Love Note To My Mom When I was a little girl, would often accompany you as you modeled for fashion photographers. It was years later that finally understood what role modeling were 17 every penny you earned to go to I cannot thank you enough for 19 18 school. 16 in your life. Little did I known you
23. A. must 24. A. ringing 25. A. choices 26. A. professor 27. A. in danger 28. A. weak 29. A. came back 30. A. hope 31. A. constantly 32. A. and 25 of 33. A. description 34. A. secretly 35. A. doing
you told me one autumn afternoon when I was nine. After 20 piles of law books. I 22 ?When
finishing my homework. I wanted into the dining where you were buried was 21
.Why were you doing what I do—memorizing textbooks and studying for 23
you said you were in law school, I was more puzzled. I didn’t known. Moms You smiled and said,“In life, you can do anything you want to do.” As young as I was ,that statement kept 24
be lawyers too.
in my ears. I watched as you faced the 26
completing your studies, staring companies with Dad, while still being a
and a Mom if five
答案： NO.42 NO.43 单选：ADBCB BDCA ABBDD 完形：BACAD CDBBC CBDAC DBCDA ACBDA DCDCB AACBC BABDC CACD
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