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英语语法填空解题技巧


语法填空
解题技巧

.语法填空题—空格设计
纯空格 有 提 示 词
介词,连词,代词,冠词, 从句引导词,情态动词, 强调助动词等 给出了动词的试题 词类词义转换题

谓语动词,非谓语动词, 词类转换 名词,形容词,副词, 形容词或副词的比较级 或最高级

有提示词的语法填空

>一、给出了动词的试题的解题技巧

(一)句中没有谓语,或者虽然已有谓语动 词,但需填的词与已存在谓语主语一致,且 中间有并列或转折连词时,需填的词则是谓 语动词,就要考虑时态和语态,时态考虑要瞻 前顾后,同时还要兼顾主谓一致,虚拟语气。

例1. …… was designed The first card ____________ (design) by J.C.Horsley as a commercial endeavor.

例2. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined closed her invitation, _________(close) my book and walked away. 例3. All over the world, people move from place to place. More and more people__________ are leaving (leave) towns and farms to move to cities. This movement (move) to cities is called urbanization.

例4. Smaller cars are just one of the directions that the car industry is taking. is producing Also the industry ___________________ (produce) cars that pollute less and have a less harmful effect on the environment these days.

例5. Nobody knows what would have happened _____________________(happen) if she had refused to pay.
例6. His fear of failure kept him from classroom games that other children played __________(play) with joyous abandon.

例7. ……The happiest (happy) of people don’t necessarily (necessary)have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that comes _______(come) along their way. 例8. …….The country life he was used to ____________ has changed(change )greatly since the opening policy.

? 例9. The international agreement, intended to encourage children not to help smoke and ___________ (help) people kick the habit, ____________ was signed (sign) on February 27 last summer.

(二) :若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并 列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若 是非谓语动词就要确定用 doing形式, done形式,还是 to do 形式。非谓语的形 式一定要考虑它与其逻辑主语之间 的关系。

例10. …… but it is not enough only to memorize ______________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. Speaking 例11. ……_________(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary……
技巧1 :作主语或宾语时,通常用doing / being done形式表示习惯或一般情况; 用 to do / to be done形式表示具体情况或将来; 用having done / having been done表示已 发生。

complete 例12.…… To ____________(complet) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day.
例13. The young student did all that he could to pass (pass)the examinations. ______ 例14. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strongto succeed willed, are very likely _____________(success). 技巧 2:作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一
般用to do形式。

saying 例15. He saw the stone, ______(say) to himself: “The night willl be very dark.”
例16. The headmaster went into the lab, followed ________ (follow) by the foreign guests.

技巧3 :分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件 状语等时,要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形 式。与句中主语是主动关系使用现在分词;与句
中主语是被动关系使用过去分词。

例17. There will be a meeting, _______(start) later this year to review starting the film. learned 例18. …….Lessons_________(learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people.
技巧4 :分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰 词之间的关系确定形式。与所修饰的名词是主
动关系使用现在分词;与所修饰的名词是被动关系 使用过去分词。

例19. At 9:07pm, Sept.25, The Shenzhou VII spacecraft was lifted by the long March Ⅱ-F carrier rocket into space. The
launch of the Shenzhou VII is China’s third manned space venture since October 23, when it joined Russia and the United States as the only countries to have sent _____________(send) astronauts itno space. 技巧5 :名词前有 first, second,…last, only 修饰时,后面要用to do / to have done 做后 置定语。

例20. Mr. Green was disappointed to see the repaired washing machine she had had ______
(repair) go wrong again.

例21. Can you tell me the way you thought of to work ___________ (work )out the problem.
技巧6 :固定结构如: have sth. done , the way to do 等。

巩固练习
1. I was delighted and was about to accept her go proposal when she suggested we first [38]____ (go) to the West Lake and walk along the Broken Bridge. had left 2. Peter ___________ (leave) for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him. 3. I have to go to work by taxi because my car is being repaired(repair) at the garage. _____________ paid 4. I went down there, ________ (pay) my penny and got a receipt.

placed (place) neatly 5.There, [40]__________ beside the empty dish, were two nickels and five pennies—her tip! 6.…I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left [40]___________ to complete (complete) the test! 7.My pupils, [40]________ including (include) Donnie, adored her. 8.It remains __________ to be seen (see) whether Jim will be fit enough to play in the finals.

(三)词类转换题的解题技巧

词类转换题要先确定所要填的单词在 句中的成分。
技巧1:作表语、定语或补语,通常用 形容词形式。 silent ? [例1] The youngster immediately fell ________ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. dangerous(danger) part of the sea ? [例2] In a __________ off the coast of New Zealand, they learnt to… ? [例3] Teachers must try their best to make most of their students __________ interested (interest) in the subject.

技巧2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语, 用名词形式。 ? [例4] When China’s ancient scientific and achievements (achieve) are technological ______________ mentioned, the nation will generally refer to the Four Great Inventions. ? [例5] …instructors expect students to be familiar information (inform) in the reading… with _______________ 技巧3:在形容词性物主代词后, 或者在“冠词(+形容词)”后,用名词形式。 ? [例6] With the large numbers of students, the operation ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity.

技巧4:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子, 作状语,用副词形式。

[例7] As I looked 32 closely (close) at this girl, I found that… seriously ? [例8] There must be something 40_____ (serious) wrong with our society. ? [例9]Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 mainly (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time…

技巧5:词义转换题。词类不一定要变,主要是考查 具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需根据句子意思及前后 逻辑关系,在词根前加un-, im-,il-, ir-,in-, non-, dis-等, 在词根后加-less等。

? [例10] People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is: no knowledge useless (use). is ________ ? [例11] Your mistake caused a lot of unnecessary ___________ (necessary) work in the office.

技巧6:括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词 的时态语态或非谓语动词, 有可能考词类转换;若是形容词或副词,有可能考 查其比较级或最高级。

[例12]…there was a lot of information about the attraction city’s well-known tourist[35]__________ (attract)… [例13]The other frog went on jumping as hard harder as he could…He jumped even [36]____ (hard) and finally made himself out.

词类转化题巩固练习
? 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]___________(rude). rudely worst (bad) gift choices I had ever ? 2.One of the [33]________ made was for my high school English teacher… Unfortunately (fortunate), I then noticed that I ? 3.[39]____________ had just only 10 minutes left ...! ? 4.It was his [32]______ ninth (nine) year of school and his academic career seemed to be in ruins, so I was angry. ? 5.As far as I am concerned, my [37]____________ suggestion (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook. ? 6.It would be unbelievable ___________ (believe) that such an honest man should have betrayed his friends.

His teacher took a deep drink,smiled warmly ____ (warm),and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. But Jane knew from past experience that her choice(choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her ______ father. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in natural (nature) course. their ____

总结提升

解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依

据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性

通读全文,理解大意

Pasage Practice

?

When I was growing up I do not recall hearing the words “I love you” from my father. When your father never says them ________ to you when you are a child, it gets tougher to say and tougher for him _______(say) those words as he getsolder ______(old). To tell you the truth, I could not honestly remember _______ when I had last said those words to him either. I decided to set my ego aside and make the first move. After some hesitation, in our next phone __________ conversation I blurted out the words, “Dad… I love you!”

other There was a silence at the _______ end and he awkwardly ___________(awkward)replied, “Well, same back at you!” ? I laughed and said, “Dad, I know you love me, and when you are ready, I know say you will _________(say) what you want to say”
?

?

A few weeks later, Dad concluded our with phone conversation ________ the words, “Paul, I love you.” I was at work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks _____________ as/because I finally “heard” the love. As we both sat there in tears we realized that this special moment had taken out father-son relationship to a new level.

语法填空解题技巧(“由大到小”



1、通读全文、了解大意、把握特征、弄清文脉。 2、巧用已知,连线画图、降低难度、铺平道路。 3、理解句意、分析结构、大胆猜测、各个击破 。 4、重读全篇、仔细核查、语法正确、语意贯通。

5、拼写正确、书写规范、大小写准确(注意三写)。

? 学习建议:
? 1、掌握单词、词组 ? 2、懂得分析句子结构 ? 3、多听、多说、多读、多写,增强语感


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