英语最基本的语序是主语在前，谓语动词 在后。但有时由于句子结构的需要或表示 强调，就要采用倒装形式。把谓语的全部 放在主语前，称为全部倒装；把谓语的一 部分，如be动词、助动词或情态动词放在 主语前，称为部分倒装。
☆倒装结构的常见用法 一、全部倒装 1、表示动作趋向的副词如out, in, up, down, off 及here, t
here, now, then 位于句首时； Out rushed the boy. 小男孩冲了出去。 公共汽车来了。Here comes the bus. 铃响了。 There goes the bell. 现在轮到你发言了。 comes your turn to speak. Now 注：以上句子中若主语为代词，则主谓不倒装。 他冲了出去。
Out he rushed.
Under the tree sit a group of old people chatting.
On top of the mountain stands an ancient temple.
Also present at the meeting are Some American 我的同桌藏在门后，企图吓唬我。 scientists. Hidden behind the door was my desk mate, trying to frighten me. 今天和我们一起在演播室的有来自戛纳电影节
Joining us in the studio are Isabel Rose from Cannes Film Festival, ……
即时训练： 〖10江苏〗—Is everyone here? —Not yet…Look , there___ the rest of our guests! A.come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 〖10陕西〗John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl 〖10重庆〗At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in China. A.lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie
〖09安徽〗 a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. A.It has B. They have C. It remains D. There remains 〖(09福建〗For a moment nothing happened. Then ______all shouting together. A.voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come
1、表示动作趋向的副词如out, in, up, down, off 及 here, there, now, then 位于句首时； 2、地点状语位于句首时； 3、现在分词/过去分词/形容词+连系动词+主语；
二、部分倒装 1、含有否定意义的副词或连词位于句首时； 我几乎不能理解这篇课文。 Hardly can I understand this text. 爱因斯坦很少在乎钱。 Little did Einstein care for money. 我刚一到家天就开始下雨了。 Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. 他直到半夜才回家。 Not until midnight did he return home.
【2011福建卷29】 --It’s nice. Never before____ such a special drink! --I’m glad you like it. A.I have had B. I had C. have I had D. had I
【 10四川】 We laugh at jokes, but seldom ______ about how they work. A.we think B. think we C. we do think D. do we think
〖09海南〗The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only ________, but students became more interested in the lessons. A.saved was teachers’ energy B. was teachers’ energy saved C. teachers’ energy was saved D. was saved teachers’ energy
〖10江西〗Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A did he begin B had he begun C he began D he had begun
2、only 修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句位于句 首时； 直到那时我才意识到自己的错误。
Only then did I realize my mistake. 只有这样你才能把英语学好。 Only in this way can you learn English well. 战争结束后他才得以能够回家。 Only when the war was over was he able to return to his hometown.
即时训练： 【2011全国卷I 28】Only when he reached the teahouse ______it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 【2011湖南卷32】Only after they had discussed the matter for a few hours _______a decision A.they reached B. did they reach C. they reach D. do they reach
3、So、Neither/Nor用于句首，表示前面句中所说的 情况也适用于后者; 她取得很大进步。我也取得很大进步。 She has made great progress. So have I .
He doesn’t like English. Neither/Nor do I .
拓展: ①---李雷学习很刻苦。 ---是的, 你学习也很刻苦呀。 --Li Lei works very hard. --So he does, and so do you. ②--我喜欢数学，但不喜欢英语。 --我也是的。 --I like maths, but I don’t like English. --So it is (the same) with me.
点拨: 若对对方所说的事实表示赞同用 “ So+ 主语+助动词 /be/情态动词”, 若前者所说两种或两种以上情况也适应于后者时，则要用 “So it is (the same) with sb”。
即时训练： 〖08辽宁〗 Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A.I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 〖06福建〗— It’s burning hot today, isn’t it?? — Yes, ______yesterday.? A. So was it B. So it was? C. So it is D. So is it 〖07江苏〗—My room gets very cold at night.? —________.? A. So is mine B. So mine is? C. So does mine D. So mine does
4、So …that 、Such…that 放于句首，主句用部分 倒装. 她工作太忙，不能好好照顾女儿。 So busy is she that she can’t take good care of her daughter. 他学习英语非常努力，进步很快。 So hard does he works at English that he has made rapid progress.
即时训练： 〖09山东〗So sudden ________that the enemy had no time to escape. A.did the attack B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was 〖07陕西〗_____that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.? A.So successful her business was? B. So successful was her business? C. So her business was successful? D. So was her successful business
5、用于让步状语从句： 形容词/副词/名词(不加冠词)+ as/though + 主语 + 谓 语或动词原形 + as + 主语 + 谓语的另一部分（情态动 词或助动词may, might, will, would等） 尽管是个师哥，但由于他的坏脾气没有女孩喜爱他。 Handsome as/though he is, no girls adore him because of his bad temper. 尽管是个百万富翁，但他依然生活简朴。 Millionaire as/though he is, he still lives a simple life. 尽管他努力尝试了，但还是失败了。 Hard as/though he tried, he failed again. 不管你怎么努力，你都说服不了他。 Try as you might, you won’t be able to persuade him.
即时训练： 〖09重庆〗Unsatisfied _________with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. A.though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though 5. ____, I will not buy it. A.Much as do I like it B. As much I like it C. Much as I like it D. As I like it much
6、虚拟语气中省略连词 if 时; 如果我是你，我会原谅他的。 Were I you, I would forgive him. 如果昨天我带足够的钱，我就把那件大衣买下来了。 Had I had enough money with me yesterday, I would have bought that overcoat. 如果明天下雨，我就呆在家里。 Should it rain/Were it to rain tomorrow, I would stay at home.
即时训练： ______, I would have given you his address. A. If you asked me B. You had asked me C. Should you have asked me D. Had you asked me
4. ____ today, he would get there by Sunday. A.Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leave
7、方式副词 well 或频度副词 often、many a time now and then ,every other day等位于句首 时； 老人对那件小事记得很清楚。 Well did the old man remember the incident. 春天我们经常在花园里栽树。 Often do we plant trees in the garden in spring. 他去过北京多次。 Many a time has he been to Beijing.
8、表示祝愿的话(部分倒装/全部倒装) 祝你成功！ May you succeed! 中国共产党万岁！ Long live the communist Party of China!
9、 特殊倒装 陈述句中为了保持句子平衡或为了强调表语、宾语、 状语等成分，或使上下文紧密衔接时，常使用倒装句。 （1）On the wall is a blackboard on which were written some words，“It is no use sitting here without listening to me.”（定语从句中，主语的同 位语太长） （2）They entered the classroom，in front of which sat a naughty boy.（使上下文紧密衔接） （3）Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people were looked down upon by the foreigners.（主语加上定语后太长而表语短，所以 表语在前面，使句子平衡）
即时训练： Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school. _____the ceremony of the 50th anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad.（2009江苏） A.Attend B. To attend C. Attending D. Having attended
1、含有否定意义的副词或连词位于句首时； 2、only 修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句位于句首时； 3、So、Neither/Nor用于句首，表示前面句中所说的 情况也适用于后者时; 4、So …that 、Such…that 放于句首时， 5、用于让步状语从句时： 6、虚拟语气中省略连词 if 时; 7、方式副词 well 或频度副词 often、many a time now and then ,every other day等位于句首时； 8、表示祝愿时； 9、 特殊倒装：为了保持句子平衡或为了强调表语、 宾语、状语等成分，或使上下文紧密衔接时。
巩固训练： 一、用倒装结构翻译下列各句： 1. 我一到家就开始烧饭了。 Hardly had I got home when I began to cook. 2. 直到他生了病，他才意识到定期锻炼的重要性。 Not until he got ill did he realize the importance of regular exercise. 3. 只有用这种方式我们才能提高我们的英语水平。 Only in this way can we improve our English. 4. 如果明天下雨的话，我们将不开会了。 Should it rain/Were it to rain tomorrow, we wouldn’t have the meeting. 5. 虽然他还是个孩子，但他却能帮着养家了。 Child as/though he is, he can help support the family.
Tom took Jack to Beijing by train on May 1.
?It was Tom that took Jack to Beijing by train on May 1. ?It was Jack that Tom took to Beijing by train on May 1. ?It was by train that Tom took Jack to Beijing on May 1. ?It was on May 1 that Tom took Jack to Beijing by train .
?Who was it that took Jack to Beijing by train on May 1？
?Who was it that Tom took to Beijing by train on May 1? ?How was it that Tom took Jack to Beijing on May 1? ?When was it that Tom took Jack to Beijing by train? （It was on May 1 that I would never forget.)
省略 1.I think so ; I don’t think so =I think not 2.That 的省略：宾语从句；定语从句； 3.动词不定式的省略： 承前省略（保留be的特殊情况）；宾补；but前 有do后无to； 4. 状语从句的省略； 5. if的虚拟省略倒装；
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