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云南玉溪一中2014-2015学年下学期期末考试


云南玉溪一中 2014-2015 学年下学期期末考试 高二英语试题
命题人:王庆慧
本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 考试时间:120 分钟。满分 150 分。

第 I 卷(共 100 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man think of Rick? A. He seems bright but is dull. B. He is actually very smart. C. He has always been lively. 2. Where are the speakers? A. In a flower shop. A. 4. A. To keep fit in general. B. To have a good figure for the summer. C. To look good when he gets married. 5. What does the man advise the woman to do for her parents? A. Give them some money. B. Spend more time with them. C. Buy some gifts for them. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Where should the man go to practice speaking according to the woman? A. A car repair shop. B. A restaurant. C. A hotel. 7. What should the man do to prepare for the English test? A. Talk about what he’s really interested in. B. Go over his grammar notes a lot. C. Balance study and relaxation. 8. What does the man probably want to do next? A. Invite the woman to dinner. B. Write a paragraph.
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B. In a field. B. 5.

C. In garden. C. 6.

3. How many people are going on the boat? 4. Why does the man want to lose weight?

C. Buy a book.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Why is the man in pain? A. He didn’t eat properly. B. He didn’t sleep well. C. He had nothing for breakfast. 10. Where are the speakers? A. In a hospital. A. She is angry with the man. B. The man shouldn’t have worked so hard. C. Health depends on making good choices. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. How will the speakers help the polar bears? A. By going to the Arctic. B. By raising some money for them. C. By strengthening public awareness. 13. Who are the speakers? A. Students. 14. What will the woman do next? A. See a movie about polar bears. B. Get some other people to help. C. Find some information on the Internet. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. How long have Marisa and Paul been together in total? A. 23 years. A. They live with him. C. They interfere with his life. 17. What is the woman’s advice? A. The man should be a DJ. B. The man should travel with his wife. C. The man should get to know his wife better. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What did Robert ask the lady to do? A. Fix the car. A. A waitress. A. He would become a father. B. He would get a new job.
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B. In an office.

C. At home.

11. What do the woman’s last words mean?

B. Environmental activists.

C. Film directors.

B. 25 years. B. They do crazy things.

C. 28 years.

16. What does the man say about his parents-in-law?

B. Give him some money. B. The lady’s friend.

C. Help others in trouble. C. Robert’s wife.

19. Who was the woman in the house? 20. What would happen to Robert next month?

C. He would earn 500 dollars. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
[来源:学&科&网 Z&X&X&K]

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。

A
It’s a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all, their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived. They told the villagers that there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog’s legs. However, they didn’t have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places. This seemed like money for nothing. There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them. Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time, the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn’t last long. The change was hardly noticed at first, but it seemed as if the crops were not doing so well. More worrying was that the children fell ill more often, and, the re seemed to be more insects around lately. The villagers decided that they couldn’t just wait to see the crops failing and the children getting weak. They would have to use the money earned to buy pesticides (杀虫剂) and medicines. Soon there was no money left. Then the people realized what was happening. It was the frog. They hadn’t been useless. They had been doing an important job --- eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed, the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading the diseases. Now, the people are still poor. But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to the sound of insects and frogs. These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning. 21. From paragraph 1, we learn that the villagers __________________. A. worked hard for centuries C. were poor but somewhat content 22. Why did the villager agree to sell the frogs? A. Because they wanted to please the visitors. B. Because they needs money to buy medicine. C. Because the frogs made too much noise. D. Because the frogs were easy money. 23. What might be the cause of the children’s sickness? A. There were too many insects. C. The crops didn’t do well. B. The visitors brought in diseases. D. The pesticides were overused. B. dreamed of having a better life D. lived a different life from their forefathers

24. What can we infer from the last sentence of the text? A. The harmony between man and nature is important. B. Health is more important than money.
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C. Happiness comes from peaceful life in the country. D. Good old day will never be forgotten. B Like my friend Warren Buffett, I feel particularly lucky to do something every day that I love to do. He calls it “tap-dancing to work”. My job at Microsoft is as challenging as ever, but what makes me “tap-dance to work” is when we show people something new, like a computer that can recognize your handwriting or your speech, or one that can store a lifetime's worth of photos, and they say, “I didn't know you could do that with a PC!” But for all the cool things that a person can do with a PC, there are lots of other ways we can put our creativity and intelligence to work to improve our world. There are still far too many people in the world whose most basic needs go unmet. I believe that my own good fortune brings with it a responsibility to give back to the world. My wife, Melinda, and I have committed to improving health and education in a way that can help as many people as possible. As a father, I believe that the death of a child in Africa is no less poignant or tragic tha n the death of a child anywhere else. And that it doesn't take much to make an immense difference in these children's lives. I'm still very much an optimist, and I believe that progress on even the world's toughest problems is possible -- and it's happening every day. We're seeing new drugs for deadly diseases, new diagnostic tools, and new attention paid to the health problems in the developing world. I'm excited by the possibilities I see for medicine, for education and, of course, for technology. And I believe that through our natural inventiveness, creativity and willingness to solve tough problems, we're going to make some amazing achievements in all these areas in my lifetime. 25. When a person “tap-dances to work”, he ______________. A. seldom treats his work seriously C. compares his work to dancing lesson A. introduce the new applications of a computer B. direct readers’ attention to helping others C. stress the importance of technology D. persuade people to value their work 27. The writer of the passage would probably agree that ________________. A. it costs nothing to help children in Africa B. there are many problems in developing countries C. being rich has its fare share of responsibilities D. child death in Africa can’t be controlled C Hero Carl West is an unassuming (谦逊的) all-American 24 year old . You might think that because he works in a convenience store that he’s not the brightest guy you’re likely to meet. Yet this slightly scruffy(不整洁的)young man in his Nike sneakers , was smart enough to break a fake
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B. takes delight in doing his job D. regards work as a great challenge

26. The first paragraph is intended to _______________.

story that successfully fooled the world for 35 years . “I guess I just got lucky,” West smiles. “ It just goes to show you don’t have to finish high school to be smart.” Forty Years’ Study “I’ve spent 40 years in astronomical study, and 20 years of that specifically in Satellite Systems study. I have a University chair in three major Universities and sat on 5 different governmental committees on Space Exploration. Hell, I wrote a research paper on the Lunar Landings that took 18 months to research, then a further 3 months just to correct it.” Steven pauses to scratch his head. “Yet not once did it occur to me to wonder who filmed Armstrong as he stepped onto the moon. How could I have been so stupid? ” The Evidence ● If Armstrong was the first to walk on the moon, then who filmed him walking down the ladder? ● There’s no gravity on the moon, so why didn’t the astronauts just float away? ● It’s really hot on the moon, so Armstrong should have died o f thirst. ● The deadly radiation belts around the Earth turn everyone radioactive and make your eyes boil unless you are wearing 18 inches of lead(铅). So how did they get through it? 28. The writer thinks that Carl West __________. A. has fooled the world C. is a scientist researching the moon A. he is an expert in astronomical study B. he is active in helping the government C. moon landing might never have happened D. his research paper is seriously written 30. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in THE EVIDENCE? A. protective measures C. an astronaut 31. The passage is mainly about _____________. A. life of Carl West and Steven C. hard work of space exploration D Most people agree that honesty is a good thing. But does Mother Nature agree? Animals can’t talk, but can they lie in other ways? Can they lie with their bodies and behavior? Animal experts may not call it lying, but they do agree that many animals, from birds to chimpanzees, behave dishonestly to fool other animals. Why? Dishonesty often helps them survive. Many kinds of birds are very successful at fooling other animals. For example, a bird called the plover sometimes pretends to be hurt in order to protect its young. When a predator (猎食动物) gets close to its nest, the plover leads the predator away from the nest. How? It pretends to have a broken wing. The predator follows the “hurt” adult, leaving the baby birds safe in the nest. Another kind of bird, the scrub jay, buries its food so it always has something to eat. Scrub jays are also thieves. They watch where others bury their food and steal it. But clever scrub jays
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B. wasn’t smart when he was in high school D. has discovered a big secret
[]

29. Steven mainly intended to tell us that __________.

B. weightless condition D. a film-maker B. suspicions about moon landing D. evidence of moon landing

seem to know when a thief is watching them. So they go back later, unbury the food, and bury it again somewhere else. Birds called cuckoos have found a way to have babies without doing much work. How? They don’t make nests. Instead, they got into other birds’ nests secretly. Then they lay their eggs and fly away. When the baby birds come out, their adoptive parents feed them. Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky. After a fight, the losing chimp will give its hand to th e other. When the winning chimp puts its hand, too, the chimps are friendly again. But an animal expert once saw a losing chimp take the winner ’s hand and start fighting again. Chimps are sneaky in other ways, too. When chimps find food that they love, such as bananas, it is natural for them to cry out. Then other chimps come running. But some clever chimps learn to cry very softly when they find food. That way, other chimps don’t hear them, and they don’t need to share their food. As is mentioned above, animals behave dishonestly for survival. Is it OK to lie for us humans? 32. The writer uses the three questions at the beginning of the passage to ________________. A. ask the readers to answer the questions B. show he is at a loss about the questions C. seek answers to the questions D. draw the readers’ attention to the topic 33. Which of the following is not an example of animals’ dishonest behaviors? A. The adoptive parents feed their baby birds of cuckoos. B. A plover pretended to have a broken wing to protect its baby birds. C. A scrub jay dug out its buried food and reburied it somewhere else. D. A losing chimp starts fighting again after taking the winner’s hand. 34. The underline word “sneaky” in paragraph 5 most probably means _______________. A. entertaining C. dishonest A. unforgettable C. negative B. friendly D. selfish B. acceptable D. unreasonable

35. What does the author think of the animals’ dishonest behaviors?

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 In America, it is the custom to express appreciation to people who help you in any way. ___36___ Sometimes the absence of a “thank you” is misunderstood to mean the effort to help was not appreciated or was not wanted. There are a variety of ways to express gratitude (感谢), and the type of help received can help one determine what method of saying “thank you” is most appropriate (适当的). A foreign student should not be overly concerned about how to say “thank you”. ___37___ For example, if you ask someone for directions, for help with a homework problem, for information, etc., saying “thank you” verbally is enough.
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___38___ If a classmate is your close friend, a verbal “thanks” is probably enough. If another student whom you do not know well spends many hours helping you prepare for a test, perhaps a written note would be nice. If an American student helps you on a regular basis perhaps at the end of the school term you could give him / her a small gift and / or a written note of appreciation. ___39___ When an American family or friend invites you into their home for a meal, mailing a thank you note to them a day or so later would be appropriate. ___40___ However, you may if you wish since that may be your custom. It is not the American custom but would not be strange or inappropriate. A small bouquet of flowers or a small box of candy would also be appropriate. If you stay overnight in a home, a thank you note should be left on the bed or bedside table as you leave or mailed to the hostess soon after. If an American friend gives you a gift, it would be nice to write a short note to express gratitude to them. A. To write a thank you note soon would not be appropriate or necessary. B. It is not necessary to carry a gift to the home when you go to eat. C. If the favor shown is small, a verbal “thank you” is adequate. D. It is not necessary to present gifts for other holidays.
[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [来源:学科网]

E. The closer the relationship is, the less formal the expression of gratitude needs to be. F. Small note cards with “Thank you” printed on the front are sold in most campus bookstores, as well as “Thank you” greeting cards. G. Because it is commonly practiced, most people expect to be thanked when they do something for someone. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项。 A jobless man applied for the position of “office boy” at Microsoft. The HR manager __41__ him, then watched him cleaning the floor as a __42__. “You are employed,” he said. “Give me your e-mail address, and I’ll send you the application to __43__, as well as the date when you will start.” The man replied, “But I don’t have a __44__, neither an email.” “I’m __45__,” said the HR manager. “If you don’t have an email, that means you do not __46__. And anyone who is not existent cannot have the job.” The man left with __47__. He didn’t know what to do, with only $10 in his __48__. He then decided to go to the __49__ and buy a basket of tomatoes. He then sold the tomatoes in a door-to-door round. In less than two hours, he __50__ to double his capital. He repeated the operation three times, and returned home with $60. The man realized that the can __51__ i n this way, so he started to go __52__ everyday, and returned later. Thus, his __53__ increased with years. Soon, he bought a cart (手推车), then a __54__. He had his own fleet of delivery vehicles 5 years later. Now the man is one of the biggest __55__ retailers (零售商) in the U.S., selling vegetables and fruit.
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He started to plan his family’s future and __56__ to have a life insurance. He called an insurance broker (经纪人), and chose a protection plan. When the conversation was __57__, the broker asked him for his email. The man replied: “I don’t have an email.” The broker answered __58__, “You don’t have an email, and __59__ have succeeded in building a business empire. Can you imagine what you could have been __60__ you had an email?”
[来源:学科网 ZXXK][来源:学科网 ZXXK]

The man thought for a while, and replied: “An office boy at Microsoft!” 41. A. examined 42. A. sign 43. A. fill in 44. A. basket 45. A. glad 46. A. live 47. A. hope 48. A. book 49. A. station 50. A. managed 51. A. settle 52. A. earlier 53. A. health 54. A. telephone 55. A. food 56. A. decided 57. A. interrupted 58. A. angrily 59. A. somehow 60. A. unless B. interviewed B. quiz B. put down B. house B. sure B. lie B. regret B. bag B. bank B. pretended B. survived B. more cautiously B. wealth B. toy B. book B. refused B. recorded B. politely B. yet B. until C. comforted C. test C. write with C. dictionary C. sorry C. exist C. doubt C. pocket C. restaurant C. decided C. escape C. harder C. luck C. radio C. tomato C. preferred C. concluded C. quickly C. therefore C. though D. called D. symbol D. break up D. computer D. confident D. know D. interest D. box D. supermarket D. seemed D. react D. less carefully D. fame D. truck D. drink D. failed D. corrected D. curiously D. furthermore D. if

第 II 卷(共 50 分)
第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 The air we breathe is freely available, without __61__we could not survive more than a few minutes. For the most part, air is available to everyone, and everyone needs it. Some people use the air to sustain them while __62__ (sit) around and feel sorry for themselves. __63__ breathe in the air and use the energy it provides to make __64__ magnificent life. Opportunity is in the same way; it is everywhere. It is so freely available that we take it __65__ granted. Yet opportunity alone is not enough to create success; it must __66__ (seize) and acted upon in order to have value. So many people are so __67__ (anxiety) to “get in” on a “ground floor opportunity”, as if the opportunity will do all the work. That’s __68__ (possible). Just as you need air to breathe, you need opportunity to succeed. __69__, it takes more than
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just breathing in the fresh air of opportunity. You must make use of it. That’s not up to the opportunity; that’s up to you. It doesn’t matter what “floor” the opportunity is on, but __70__ matters is what you do with it. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I prefer my English classes to be taught in English only. What we all know, a good learning environment is of greatly importance if we want to study English well. Classes tea ching in English provide students for a better environment. When English is an only language in class, students will have more opportunities to practice listening and speaking. However, there were problems with this method. Sometimes we may find difficult to follow the teacher and some slow learners many even give up learn English. In spite of these difficulties, but I believe practice makes perfect. With enough practice, we students can overcome the difficulties and benefit from English class in the long run. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 近年来,随着私家车的增加,城市交通越来越拥挤。在中、小学生上学或放学时,校门 口以及学校附近拥挤问题更加严重。这给学生、教师、家长和其他市民带来许多不便。尤其 值得注意的是,学校附近的交通堵塞也存在不可忽略的隐患。为此,这引起了不少民众的担 忧。你作为一名在校学生李华,根据以下要点写一封英语信,向本校英语报投稿。 1.为什么要写这封英语信。 2.你们学校门口及附近交通拥挤的原因。 3.提出二至三条建议。 注意:词数 100 字左右 Dear Editor, ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ __________________ ________________________________________________________ Yours faithfully Li Hua

高二英语参考答案
听力:1-5 BABCB 6-10 BAAAB 11-15 CCABC 阅读:(A) 21-24 CDAA (B) 25-27 BBC (C) 28-31 DCDB (D) 32-35 DACB
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16-20 CBCCA

七选五:36-40 GCEAB 完形填空:41-45 BCADC 46-50 CBCDA 51-55 BABDA 56-60 ACDBD 语法填空:61. which 62. sitting 63. Others 65. for 66. be seized 67. anxious 68. impossible 69. However 70. what 短文改错:第二句 What → As greatly → great 第三句 teaching → taught for → with 第四句 an → the 第五句 were → are 第六句 find 后加 it learn → learning 第七句 去掉 but 第八句 class → classes 写作参考范文:

64. a

Dear Editor, I am Li Hua, a student from Grade 2. I’m writing to discuss the traffic problem near our school gate. With so many parents coming to pick up their children, traffic jams are frequent near the school gate, causing much inconvenience to us students as well as our teachers and passers-by. Many people have been worrying about the hidden traffic problems. So I strongly recommend some effective and urgent measures be taken. First, we should encourage students to ride their bicycles or walk to school by themselves instead of taking cars, which will not only help reduce the jam but benefit students’ health as well. It is also a good idea to allow junior students to leave school 10 minutes earlier than others. Besides, cars should not be allowed to park near the school gate. I do hope my suggestions can be considered and the problem can be solved soon. Yours faithfully Li Hua

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