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曼德拉简介 英文 完整版


His Birth
*Nelson Mandela was born in Transkei , South Africa on 18 july 1918

*His father was head of the famous tribe “Tembo”
*He died and Nelson was still young, but he was elected instead of his father and began preparing for the job *Members of his tribe titled him “Madiba” that mean “great revered” and has become synonymous with “Nelson Mandela”

*Mandela completed his primary school in a boarding school in 1930.

His Education

* Then he began preparation for a BA degree from “Fort Hare” University but in 1940 he separated from the university with his friend “Oliver Tambo” accused of participating in a student strike. *He has followed his studying by correspondence from Johannesburg and received BA and then joined Witwatersrand university to study law.

His Political activity
*Mandela began in the political opposition to the South African regime which was in the white minority’s hand. So that the judgment was denied political rights and social and economic development of the black majority in South Africa.

A.N.C African National Congress
*In 1943 He joined the African National Congress, which was calling for the defense of the rights of majority in South the black Senegal
*In 1961, Mandela became president of the military wing of the A.N.C

*He held the presidency of the African Council (June 1991 - to December 1997)

Nelson In Jail
*In 1962 Mandela was arrested and sentenced for 5 years in prison for illegal travel, and the measure of the strike.
*In 1964 he was sentenced again accused of planning for armed action and high treason and sentenced to life imprisonment.

*On 10 June,1980 Mandela was able to send a message to the African National Congress .In which he said: “Unite! And equipped! And fight! As between the anvil of the popular movement, and the hammer of the armed resistance, will crush the apartheid.”

*He was offered his release versus stopping the armed resistance ,but he refused.
*He remained in prison until 11 February, 1990

Nobel Prize
*In 1993,Nelson won the Nobel Prize for Peace with President Frederick Declark Who was announced to stop the ban that was imposed on the African Congress

The presidency of South Africa
*Mandela became the first black president of South Africa (May 1994 - to June 2000). *During his administration South Africa has seen a major transition from minority rule to majority rule. *In 2005, chosen by the United Nations Goodwill Ambassador *In July 2008, U.S. President George W. Bush's approved to delete the name of Mandela from the list of terrorism in the United States of America


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