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高一英语必修1 unit1 Friendship-Grammar好 课件


Michael Phelps

直接引语和间接引语

“I have a long body and long arms, a gift and love for swimming.”
Phelps said he had a long body and long arms, and a gift and love for s

wimming.

“I started swimming at a young age in order to treat my ADHD disease.”

Phelps said he had started swimming at a young age in order to treat his ADHD disease.

“I receive a 5-hour training every day.” Phelps said he received a 5-hour training every day.

“I always desire to be the winner, to win gold medals and to break world records.” Phelps said he always desired to be the winner, to win gold medals and to break world records.

“One of my favorite things is to compete with the best swimmers in the world.” Phelps said one of his favorite things was to compete with the best swimmers in the world.

“I have many goals, and all of them are high.” Phelps said he had many goals, and all of them were high.

“I will always try my best to be Phelps No.1.”

Phelps said he would always try his best to be Phelps No.1.

Secrets of Phelps’ success?
gift ? interest ? determination ? courage ? hard work ? ambition ? ……
?

? 直接引语: ? 直接引用别人的原话,并在原话前后加

引号。
? 例:He

said:" It is too late."

? 间接引语:
? 用自己的话转述他人的话,多数以宾语

从句的形式构成。
? 例:He

said it was too late.

***直接引语 变 间接引语的 五变化

一、主句动词的变化
1.当直接引语是陈述句时,said-变? said (that), said to –? told sb 2.当直接引语是一般疑问句时,则变为: asked/ asked sb.+if / whether 3.当直接引语是特殊疑问句时,则变为 asked sb.+ what等特殊疑问词引导的句子 ( 疑问词后的句子为陈述句式)

2.句式结构上的变化

解题步骤: 1). 陈述句变间接引语时,用that连接, that 无实际意义,可省略。例 : “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends. Sarah said to her friends that I don’t like computers. Sarah said she

didn’t

Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers.

2).一般疑问句,选择疑问句变间接引语时, 要用陈述语气,并要加连词if或whether。 “Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil?”, they asked him

They asked him if / it is easy to improve the whether condition of the soil. asked was They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil.

3).特殊疑问句变间接引语要用特殊 疑问词引导。
They asked him “ When do you harvest the wheat ?”
They asked him when you harvest the wheat. he

harvested They asked him when he harvested the wheat.

3.人称的变化
“ 一主、二宾、三不变” ? 直接引语里的第一人称和第二人称,变间接引语
时,人称要做相应调整。例如:
? ? ?

直接引语 She said:“ I am hungry。”

间接引语 She said she was hungry.
直接引语 Mum said to me:“ You can clean your bedroom tomorrow.”

?

间接引语 Mum told me that I could clean my bedroom the next day .

Mr. Smith said,“He is a good worker. ’’ ? Mr. Smith said that he was a good worker.
?

①直接引语的主语是第一人称变为间接引语时要 和主句的主语保持一致。
②如果直接引语的主语是第二人称变为间接引语时 要与主句的宾语保持一致。 ③如果直接引语的主语是第三人称变为间接引语时, 人称不变。

四.时态变化
?直接引语变间接引语时,间接引语

的时态要与主句的时态一致.
1) 主句为一般现在时或一般将来时的 时候,间接引语时态不变。 He says:" I bought you a book yesterday.”

He says that he bought me a book yesterday.

2).当主句为过去时,从句要跟着相 应的变化,变化如下:
? 一般现在时?
? 现在进行时? ? 一般过去时

? 过去进行时
? 过去完成时 ? 过去将来时 ? 过去完成时

? 现在完成时?
? 一般将来时?

? 一般过去时?
? 过去完成时?

? 过去进行时?

往前推一个时态
? 不变

? 不变

1.“I am very glad to visit your school”, she said. ? She said that she was very glad to visit our school. ? 2. Tom said, “We are listening to the pop music.” ? Tom said that they were listening to the pop music. ? 3. Mother asked, “Have you finished your homework before you watch TV?” ? Mother asked me whether I had finished my homework before I watched TV.
?

4. He asked the conductor, “Where shall I get off to change to a No. 3 bus?” ? He asked the conductor where he would get off to change to a No. 3 bus. ? 5. “Why did she refuse to go there?” the teacher asked. ? The teacher asked why she had refused to go there. ? 6. Mother asked me, “Had you finished your homework before you watched TV?” ? Mother asked me whether I had finished my homework before I watched TV.
?

注意:
? 1>.直接引语为客观真理时,间接引语时态

不变,仍用一般现在时。例如: ? Teacher said to us:" The moon moves round the earth." ? Teacher told us the moon moves round the earth. ? The teacher said to us : “Light travels faster than sound .” ? The teacher said that light travels faster than sound .

? 2>.直接引语为一般过去时并且与具体

时间状语连用时,间接引语仍用一般 过去时。例如 :
? She ? She

said:" I went to England in 1998.”

said she went to England in 1998.

4.其他变化

直接引语 指示代词 时 间 状 语 地点状语 方向性 动词
this, these now, today , this week yesterday last week four days ago tomorrow next month here

间接引语
that, those then, that day that week the day before the week before four days before the next day the next month there go, take

come, bring

Summary

直接引语 句式 结构

间接引语 宾 that引导 语 if/whether 引导 从 原疑问词引导 句 ask / told sb to do sth. 陈述句语序 时态不变 往前推一个时态 与主句主语人称一致 与主句宾语人称一致 不变

陈述句 一般疑问句 特殊疑问句 祈使句
疑问句 1.主句为现在时态 2.主句为过去时态 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 ……

语序 时态 人称

其他

Homework
P5 (书本) Ex2 完成在 作业本上。 ? P12(随堂纠错) V&VI
?


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