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英语选修7unit5单词学案


●重点单词

1._______ n.队列;行列 vi.排队
2.______ n. & vi.演讲;讲课 3.__________ n.资格;资历

→_______ adj.有资格的;能胜任的
4.__________ n.准备;预备 →___________ vt.准备

5.____

_____ vt.推荐;建议
→______________ n.推荐,介绍,

6.________ n.习语;成语
7._______ n.舒适;安慰 vt.安慰 →____________ adj.舒适的

→____________ adv.舒适地
8.____________ n.代替品;

9._________ n.需要;要求
→________vt.需要

10._______n.草稿;草案 vt.草拟,
起草 11.________ vt.承认;确认;答谢

→________ n.承认
12.___________ vt.反驳;驳斥

1.recommend 推荐: 向某人推荐某物 recommend sb. sth. ___________________________ recommend sth. to sb. = ___________________________

1.recommend 建议:
建议某人做某事

recommend sb. to do sth. _______________________
建议干某事

recommend doing sth. _______________________
should+do recommend that___________ It is/was recommended that_________ should+do

练习: recommend to see (1)I ____________you __________

her at once.
我建议你马上去看她。

(2)It is recommended that the (should) be checked every machine __________________
year.建议每年把机器检修一次。

The doctor recommended that
you________ swim after eating a large meal. A.wouldn't C.needn't B.couldn't D.shouldn't

The old man should listen to the
doctor's recommendation that

he_____in bed.
A.stay C.stayed B.stays D.staying

2.---He is ______ great comfort to his parents. ---Yes, his income enables his parents to live in _______ comfort.
A. a; / C. /; / B. a; a D. /; a

3.acknowledge vt. 承认;确认;答谢

acknowledgement ___________________ n. 承认;感谢

He acknowledged having been defeated at last. acknowledge doing 承认做了某事 _____________________ He is acknowledged to be/as the best tailor of our class. acknowledge sb/sth. as/to be 承认…是… ________________________

It is widely/generally acknowledged that he is the cleverest of the class. It is widely/generally acknowledged that... ……是大家公认的。

(1)He acknowledged having made a mistake ______________________
他承认犯了错误。

(2)It is she who wants to acknowledge as her _____________ you ______
daughter.

她想承认你是她的女儿。

1.—Daddy! I can pronounce these words.
—______! You are doing very well.

A.Keep it up

B.Keep up with

C.Make it up D.Catch it up
答案:A

2.You may cancel the disk check, but it is strongly recommended that

you ______.
A.continue

B.will continue
C.do continue D.must continue

4.He acknowledged ______ the
book from my bag.

A.to steal
B.stealing C.steal

D.stolen
答案:B

5.Plastic parts can ______ metal ones in many machines. But they

don't last long.
A.substitute for

B.be replaced with
C.take the place for D.in place of
答案:A

5.occupy vt. 占用;占领;占据 occupancy n. 占用;使用 occupation n. 侵占;占领;职业 be occupied (in) doing sth 忙于做某事(in可省略) be occupied with sth. 从事/忙于某事 (用法同 busy) occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth. 忙于做某事 under occupation 在占领之下,占领中

occupied [即学即练5](1)The enemy _______________ the town. 敌人占领了这个镇。 occupies (2)Writing _________________ most of my free time. 写作占去了我大部分的空闲时间。 occupied in (3)I ______________ myself ______ writing a novel. 我忙于写小说。

? 6.board n. & v. 1) v.上(船,火车,公共汽车,飞机等) 2) n.木板,布告牌 3) v.寄宿,付费……膳宿 e.g. During his stay in England he boarded with a friend. 与board相关的短语: above board 光明正大的 across the board 全面的;各阶层的 on board 在(飞机、船、车)上 sweep the board 获得全胜 boarder 寄宿生 boarding school 寄宿学校 a boarding card 登机卡

【点拨】辨析 board 有两个词性:动词:上(船,车,飞机等); 名词:木板,布告牌,膳食费用 aboard 有两个词性:介词:在(船,车,飞机等); 副词:上(船,车,飞机等) abroad 只能作副词,“在国外,到国外“ He boarded the bus. 他上了公共汽车. We must not take combustible goods aboard. 我 们且不可带易燃品上车. 【典型例题】 A the With all the two hundred passengers____, plane took off. A. on board B. on the board C. on boards D. going on board

7.keep it up 保持优秀成绩;继续干下去 keep a close/careful watch on 密切注意/监视 keep an eye on 留神照看 keep away from (使)避开,不接近 keep back 隐瞒不讲;留在后面,阻止 keep down 限制;镇压 keep up 保持;继续 keep up one’s morale / one’s spirits / appearance 保持士气/振作起来/装门面 keep up with sb./sth. 与……保持联系;跟上,不落在后面

Keep up [即学即练6](1)____________! Then you will succeed! 坚持!你一定能成功! keep their spirits up (2)They sang songs to ________________________. 他们唱歌以保持高昂的情绪 。 kept up with (3)He ____________ a correspondence ______ Tom. 他和汤姆保持通信联系。

? 8.fit in 相适合;相融合 fit in with sb./sth. 与……合得来;适应 fit sb./sth. for sth. 使……适合/胜任 be fit to do sth./for sth 适合做某事

fit in with [即学即练8](1)I don‘t think he’ll __________________ the other people.我认为他不会与别人合得来。 fitted for (2)His experience ______ him perfectly ______ the job/______ to do ______ the job. 他的经验使他完全胜任这项工作/适合干这个工作。

训练案

自我测评· 技能备考

Ⅰ.单词拼写 governsthe outcome of the game. 1.Chance usually g_________ 2.Can you s___________ substitute for the singer who is ill? 3.Previous teaching experience is a necessary q_______________ qualification for this job. comfort 4.It's great c___________ to the mother to see the children

growing happily, especially after her husband died.
5.Most of the bedroom is o___________ by the big bed. occupied

6.Products strongly _______________ (推荐) to customers recommended by salesgirls are not necessarily of good quality. 7.A lot of care and attention is ____________ (需要) in required

keeping the pets.
acknowledged 8.The theory is generally ____________ (认为) to be true. destination(目的 9.We eventually arrived at our holiday ___________ 地 ). enterprise 事业心) if we are to 10.We need a spirit of ___________(

achieve something.

Ⅱ .单项选择 1.—Daddy! I can pronounce these words. —______! You are doing very well. A.Keep it up C.Make it up B.Keep up with D.Catch it up

答案:A
解析:Keep it up! “坚持下去”,用做鼓励用语。

2.You may cancel the disk check, but it is strongly recommended that you ______.

A.continue
C.do continue 答案:A

B.will continue
D.must continue

解析:It is recommended that... “建议??”,其 that从句 中用 “(should+)动词原形”。

3.______we'll have finished the project by the end of this
month. A.Successfully B.Apparently

C.Accidently
答案:D

D.Hopefully

解析:考查副词。句意:我们到月底完成这项工程是有希望 的。A.成功地;B.表面地;C.偶然地;D.希望地。

4.He acknowledged ______ the book from my bag.

A.to steal
C.steal 答案:B

B.stealing
D.stolen

解析:acknowledge doing sth. “承认做了某事”,为固定搭
配。

解析:句意:在许多机器中,塑料零件能代替金属零件。但 塑料零件不耐用。B项应用 replace; C项用 take the place of;

D项 in place of 不做谓语。

6.Mary is ______ a translation of a French novel. A.engaged with C.absorbed to 答案:D B.busy in D.occupied with

解析:“忙于某事”可用 be occupied with, be engaged in, be busy with。be absorbed in 被??吸引,集中精力干。

7.While the government says there is a(n)______ supply of houses, prices of apartments have been going up these years. A.parallel C.abundant B.absent D.short

答案:C
解析:句意为:虽然政府说房源充裕(abundant),但房价这

些年却一直在上涨。

8.The country finally gained independence after being ______ by the British for so many years. A.governed C.managed B.conquered D.commanded

答案:A

解析:根据句意“该国在被英国人统治了许多年后终于获得
了独立”可知,应选govern。conquer征服,是瞬间动词; manage管理;command命令。

9.A new building must ______ with the styles of other
buildings in this district, which have been here for two hundred years. A.catch up C.put up 答案:D 解析:fit in with与……相适应,符合句意。catch up with 赶上,追上;come up with提出,想出;put up with忍受, 容忍。 B.come up D.fit in

10.(2010·湖北联考)How I wish that I could ______ my

ideas in simple and wonderful English when chatting on the
Internet. A.set out C.set over 答案:A B.set off D.set up

解析:set out意为“陈述,陈列,出发,开始”符合题意。 set off意为“出发,动身”;set over意为“移交,置于?? 上,指派??管理”;set up意为“建立,竖立,引起”。

11.-How far apart do they live? -______ I know, they live in the same neighbourhood. A.As long as C.As well as 答案:B B.As far as D.As often as

解析:as far as I know=so far as I know“据我所知”,是
一习语。as long as/so long as“只要”,常用来引导条件状 语从句;as well as“不仅??而且,既??又,和??一样 (好)”;as often as=whenever“每当”。A、C、D三项不 合题意。

12.This is the second time I ______ by him; I shall never
trust him again. A.was put down C.have been put down 答案:B B.have been let down D.am let down

析:It/This is the second time...“这是第二次……” ,从句用现在完成时。 put down放下,写下;let down使失望。



13.The old farmer has one son and two daughters, ______

are kind to her,______makes her sad.
A.neither of them; which B.all of whom; which C.none of them; it D.none of whom; which 答案:D 解析:考查非限制性定语从句。第一空 none of whom表示 “他们中没有一个人”,第二空 which 代替前面这件事。

14.It is said in Australia there is more land than the government knows ______.

A.it what to do with
C.what to do with it 答案:C

B.what to do it with
D.to do what with it

解析:考查“疑问词+不定式”做宾语,do with“处置,处 理”的意思。

15.Never ______ so excited because it is the first time that I ______ such a fantastic experience. A.I have been; had C.have I been; had had 答案:B 解析:第一空由于 never放于句首,故用倒装句,排除A、D 项;第二空 it is the first time that... 从句中用现在完成时态, B.have I been; have had D.I have been; have

故选B。


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