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2015届高考英语一轮复习 知识点专题练习 第23讲 情态动词与虚拟语气经典精讲(下,含解析)


第 23 讲

情态动词与虚拟语气经典精讲(下)

题一:I should very much to have gone to the party, but I ______ . A. am not invited B. was not invited C. shall not be invited D. am not being invi

ted She would have come here, but she ______ too busy with her homework. A. would be B. could have been C. was D. will be Mary was badly ill, otherwise she ______. A. would have attended B. must have attended C. could attend D. would attend We didn’t know his telephone number, otherwise we ______ him. A. must have telephoned B. would telephone C. had telephoned D. would have telephoned 题二:Some women could have made a good salary in a job instead of staying at home, but they ______not to work for the sake of the family. A. had decided B. would have decided C. could decide D. decided I would like to have bought you a beautiful present for your birthday, but I ______short of money at that time. A. was B. would have been C. had been D. has been They must have enjoyed themselves there, otherwise they ______so long. A. can’t have stayed B. wouldn’t have stayed C. can’t stay D. wouldn’t stay The imperial tombs must have been under the protection of the state government, or they ______ suffered severer damage. A. have had B. would have C. need have D. should have 题三:It rained and rained, as if it ______ . A. never stopped B. had never stopped C. never stops D. would never stop 题四:It looks as if they ______ the truth, but in fact they are not. A. are telling B. tell C. told D. were telling 题五:The general ordered that the thief ______ . A. be punished B. would punish C. would be punished D. should punish I demand that she immediately ______ for what she just said. A. should apologize B. would apologize C. apologized D. must apologize
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The passenger’s accent suggests that she ______ from Shanghai. A. was B. is C. should be D. had been Galileo insisted that the earth ______ round the sun. A. should move B. moved C. moves D. would move Mary insisted that Tom ______ her the ring Back. A. gives B. give C. given D. have given My suggestion is that we ______ a few soldiers to help them. A. send B. sent C. shall send D. will send Your advice that she ______ till next week is reasonable. A. will wait B. is going to wait C. waits D. wait His doctor suggested that he ______ a short leave of absence. A. will take B. would take C. should take D. took 题六:He ordered that the students ______the clothes every week by themselves. A. could wash B. should wash C. must wash D. need wash The job would require that he______ at the factory at 7 o'clock every morning. A. will be B. be C. was D. has been His silence at the meeting suggested that he ______ to your plan. A. shouldn’t agree B. wouldn’t agree C. hadn’t agreed D. didn’t agree The manager insisted that he ______had nothing to do with the case. A. has B. had C. should have D. have He insisted that nothing ______ till he arrived. A.must be started B.ought to be started C.could be started D.should be started My idea is that we______ more people to attend the conference. A. got B. should get C. must get D. can get I made a proposal that we______ a meeting next week. A. hold B. shall hold C. have to hold D. held He suggested that the meeting ______ put off. A. not be B. should not C. wouldn’t D. be not 题七:It’s high time he ______ home. A. goes B. went C. will go D. is going to go I’d rather you ______ me the news just now. A. not tell B. not to tell C. didn’t tell D. hadn’t told 题八:Isn’t it about time that you ______ to pick up the visitors from New York? A. went B. would go C. go D. will go I'd rather you ______ anything about it for the time being. A. do B. didn't do C. don't D. didn't 题九:—Is there a fog in the evening? —There be. I’ll make a phone call to find it out.

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A. must

B. would

C . will.

D. might

题十:— Alice, let’s go to the supermarket and buy some food. — Sorry, Mike ____ come to see me this afternoon so I’d better stay at home in case he comes. A. can B. may C. must D. will 题十一:—Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere. —Well. He _________have gone far—his coat’s still here. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t 题十二:—Isn’t it Ann’s husband over there? —No, it ______ be him. I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. won’t

D. may not

题十三:You did turn in your report on time, but it______better, you know. A. could be done B. must be done C. could have been done D. must have been done 题十四:—Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Shanghai this morning. —Really? She_______the 9:00 train. It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train. A. could have take B. should take C. must have taken D. can take 题十五:You______any money on the software. athttp://www.onlinedown.net/sort/index.htm for free. A. needn’t have spent B. needn’t spend C. needn’t to spend D. don’t need spend It was available

题十六:As it turned out to be a small house party, we ________so formally. A. needn’t dress up B. did not have dressed up C. did not need dress up D. needn’t have dressed up 题十七:If he had been rich enough, he ______ money from me. A. wouldn’t borrow B. wouldn’t have borrowed C. didn’t borrow D. hadn’t borrowed 题十八:—If the bird flu ( 禽流感 ) hadn’t happened in Vietnam in the summer of 2004,I ______ you to go to Vietnam for sightseeing. — Really?What a pity! A. have taken B. had taken C. should have taken D. would take

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题十九:He must have an accident, or he ______ there then. A. would have been B. should be C. had to be D. would be 题二十:Yesterday Jane walked away from discussion. Otherwise she _____ something she would regret later. A. had said B. said C. might say D. might have said 题二十一:Mr.Smith would have arrived at the camp, but his car _____on the way to it. A. has broken down B. broke dow n C. has broken down D. had broken down 题二十二:Mrs. Brown would have given a speech to us last Friday, but her mother______ to see her. A. would come B. should come C. came D. had come 题二十三:—Oh, My G od! I forgot his mobile phone number. —What a pity! You _______ have written it down on your notebook. A. mustn’t B. must C. shouldn’t D. should 题二十四:—What are you doing,dear? —I’m watching the football game. —What? You _______ have done your homework first. A. must B. mustn’t C. should D. shouldn’t 题二十五:We_______have proved great adventurers, but we have done the greatest march ever made in the past A. needn’t B. may not C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t 题二十六:Johnny, you _____ play with the knife. You _____ hurt yourself. A. won’t?can’t B. mustn’t?may C. sh ouldn’t?must D. can’t?shouldn’t 题二十七:—Never touch my computer while I’m away. —I ______. A. shouldn’t B. won’t C. mustn’t

D. don’t

题二十八:I’ve decided to take the job and I _____ _change my mind. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. may no t

题二十九:I think it is necessary for my 19-year-old son to have a mobile phone, for I sometimes want to make sure if he ______home for dinner

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A. come

B. comes

C. has come

D. will come

题三十:-Did you tell Julia about the result? -Oh, no, I forgot. I _____ her now. A. will be calling B. will call C. call

D. am to call

题三十一:He said that he ______ never sleep again in class. A. would B. should C. will D. might 题三十二:John promised his doctor he ______ not smoke and he has never smoked ever since. A. might B. should C. could D. would

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题一: BCAD

详解:but 前的分句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气;but 后的分句是陈述语气,谓语动词应 用一般过去时。 详解:but 前的分句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气;but 后的分句是陈述语气,谓语动词应 用一般过去时。 详解:otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“was”可知,表示的是与现在过 去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结构。 详解:otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“didn’t”可知,表示的是与过 去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结构。
题二: DABB

详解:but 前的分句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气;but 后的分句是陈述语气,谓语动词应 用一般过去时。 详解:but 前的分句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气;but 后的分句是陈述语气,谓语动词应 用一般过去时。 详解:otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“must have enjoyed themselves” 可知,表示的是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结构。 详解:or 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“must have been under the pro tection of the state government”可知,表示的是与过去事 实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动 词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结构。
题三: D

详解:当 as if 引导的从句所表示的内容与事实相反时,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气。将 来的虚拟,从句的谓语动词用过去将来时。
题四: D

详解:当 as if 引导的从句所表示的内容与事实相反时,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气。根 据 but in fact they are not 可知,他们现在没有在说真话,从句的谓语动词应用过去进 行时,be 一律用 were。
题五: AABCBA DC

详解:在 order(命令) 后的宾语从句中, 谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即用 “(should)+动词 原形” 。the thief 与 punish 之间是被动关系,所以从句的谓语动词应为(should) be punished 的形式。 详解:在 demand(要求) 后的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即用 “(should)+动词 原形” 。 详解:当主语为 something 时,suggest 意为“暗示、表明” ,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词 要用陈述语气。这里,从句的内容表示的是客观真理,从句谓语动词要用一般现在时。 详解:当 insist 表示“坚持认为”的意思时,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用陈述语气。 这里,从句的内容表示的是客观真理,从句谓语动词要用一般现在时。

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详解:当 insist 表示“坚持要”的意思时,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即 用 “(should)+动词原形” 。 详解:当 suggestion(建议)后面接同位语从句或表语从句时,其后的从句要用虚拟语气, 即用 “(should)+动词原形” 。 详解:当 advice(建议)后面接同位语从句或表语从句时,其后的从句要用虚拟语气,即 用 “(should)+动词原形” 。 详解:当主语为 somebody 时,suggest 意为“建议” , 其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用虚 拟语气,即用 “(should)+动词原形” 。
题六: BBDBDBAA

详解:在 order(命令) 后的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即用 “(should)+动词 原形” 。 详解:在 require(要求) 后的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即用 “(should)+动 词原形” 。 详解:当主语为 something 时,suggest 意为“暗示、表明” ,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词 要用陈述语气。这里,从句的内容表示的是客观真理,从句谓语动词要用一般现在时。 详解:当 insist 表示“坚持认为”的意思时,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用陈述语气。 这里,从句的内容表示的是客观真理,从句谓语动词要用一般现在时。 详解:当 insist 表示“坚持要”的意思时,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即 用 “(should)+动词原形” 。 详解:当 idea(想法)后面接名词性从句时,其后的从句要用虚拟语气,即用 “(should)+ 动词原形” 。 详解: 当 proposal (建议) 后面接名词性从句时, 其后的从句要用虚拟语气, 即用“(should)+ 动词原形” 。 详解:当主语为 somebody 时,suggest 意为“建议” , 其后的宾语从句的谓语动词要用虚 拟语气,即用 “(should)+动词原形” 。 the meeting 与 put off 之间是被动关系,所以从 句的谓语动词应为(should) not be put off 的形式。
题七: BD

详解:It is(high/about) time+(that)从句,意思是“该干某事了,时间已经有些晚了” 。 从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气,即谓语动词要用过去式或 should+原形动词。 详解:woud rather +(that)从句,意为“宁愿/希望??” 。从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气, 现在或将来的虚拟用一般过去时,过去的虚拟用过去完成时。根据 just now(刚才)可知, 本题表示过去的虚拟,从句的谓语动词应用过去完成时。
题八: AB

详解:It is(high/about) time+(that)从句,意思是“该干某事了,时间已经有些晚了” 。 从句的谓语动 词要用虚拟语气,即谓语动词要用过去式或 should+原形动词。 详解:woud rather +(that)从句,意为“宁愿/希望??” 。从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气, 现在或将来的虚拟用一般过去时,过去的虚拟用过去完成时。根据 for the time being(目 前)可知,本题表示现在的虚拟,从句的谓语动词应用一般过去时。
题九: D

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详解:根据“I’ll make a phone call to find it out.”可知,答案应选 D。might 表示 没有把握的推测,意为“也许”。
题十: B

详解:根据 in case he comes 可知表示没有把握的推测,故用 may。
题十一: C

详解:由“She seldom wears red”可知,答案应选 C。can’t 表示有把握的否定推测,意 为“不可能” 。
题十二: A

详解:根据从句谓语动词的结构“hadn’t happened”可知,题干是表示与过去事实相反的 虚拟语气,主句的谓语动词应用“would/should/might/could+have+过去分词”的结构。
题十三: C

详解:根据“but it ______ better, you know.”可知,空格处应用“could+ have+过去 分词”形式表示过去本能够做某事而实际未做。
题十四: A

详解:根据“It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train.”可知,空 格处应用“could+have+过去分词”形式表示过去本能够做某事而实际未做。
题十五: A

详解:“needn’t have done 意为“没有必要做??,实则已经做过了”。 根据 It was available at athttp://www.onlinedown.net/sort/index.htm for free.可知,不必花钱 而花了。
题十六: D

详解:“ “needn’t have done 意为“没有必要做??,实则已经做过了”。 根据 As it turned out to be a small house party 可知,不必那么正式地化妆而实际那么做了。
题十七: B

详解:句谓语动词的结构“had been”可知,题干是表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句 的谓语动词应用“would/should/might/could+have+过去分词”的结构。
题十八: C

详解:根据从句谓语动词的结构“hadn’t happened”可知,题干是表示与过去事实相反的 虚拟语气,主句的谓语动词应用“would/should/might/could+have+过去分词”的结构。
题十九: A

详解:or 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句 。根据 must have an accident 和 then 可知,表示的是 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气, 主句的谓语动词用 would/should/could/might + have done 的结构。 题二十: D

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详解: otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。 由 Yesterday Jane walked away from discussion. 可 知 , 表 示 的 是 与 过 去 事 实 相 反 的 虚 拟 语 气 , 主 句 的 谓 语 动 词 用 would/should/could/m ight + have done 的结构。
题二十一: B

详解:but 前面的分句表示对过去的虚拟,而 but 之后的分句表示过去的客观事实,故用一 般过去时。
题二十二: C

详解:but 前面的分句表示对过去的虚拟,而 but 之后的分句表示过去的客观事实,故用一 般过去时。
题二十三: D

详解:由“I forgot his mobile phone number”和“What a pity”可知,答案应选 D。 should 表示“应该”的意思。
题二十四: C

详解:由上下文的语境可知,答案应选 C。should 表示“应该”的意思。
题二十五: B

详解:句意为:我们可能还没有证明是伟大的探险者,但我们已取得了在过去的 10 年里的 最伟大的进展。故应用 may not(或许没、可能没)。
题二十六: B

详解:mustn’t 表示“不许,禁止”的意思,may 表示“可能”的意思。句意为:约翰,你 不许玩小刀,你可能会伤到你自己的。
题二十七: B

详解:won’t 表示愿意,意为“不会”, 符合题意。
题二十八: C

详解:题意:我决定接受这个工作,不想改变主意了。won’t 表示愿意,意为“不会”, 符 合题意。mustn’t 禁止,不允许;mightn’t 可能不;shouldn’t 不应该。
题二十九: D

详解: 本题的主要干扰是题干中的连词 if,此处的 if 引导的是宾语从句,而不是状语从句, 所以不需要用现在时表示将来,故排除 B。根据句子的意思“?因为我有时候想弄清楚他是 否在家吃饭”可以看出 make sure 的动作发生在 come 之前,所以 come 应该用一般将来时, 故选 D。
题三十: B

详解:根据句子的意思“现在就给她打电话”,实际上说话的时候还没有打,所以应该是表 示动作就要发生,没有打算的意思,D 应该排除。故选 B。

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题三十一: A

详解: 句意为::他说上课他绝不会在睡觉了。由句意可知空格处表示过去的允诺或意愿, 故应选择 would。
题三十二: D

详解:句意为::约翰答应医生他不再吸烟,从那以后,他再也没有吸过烟。由句意可知空 格处表示过去的允诺或意愿,故应选择 would。

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