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高考英语熟词生义词例示精编


高考英语熟词生义词例示精编 高考真题: 1. We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it ________ very well. A. worked out B. tried out C. went on D. carried on 正确答案为 A。此处 work out 的词义为“ (情况)发展??”“进行??” 、 。

其余干扰项的 干扰作用都很大。如果没有完全掌握 work out 的含义,根本无法选定这个选项,更何况, 我们的课本根本未有把 work out 作“ (情况)进展”“进行”解释过。单选题如此,阅读理 、 解、完形填空等题中熟词生义现象更是比比皆是。 2. Encourage your children to try new things. But try not to ________ them too hard. A. draw B. strike C. rush D. push(逼迫,敦促) 本来 push 表示推的意思。 3. If you leave the club, you will not be ________ back in. A. received B. admitted(准许进入,准许加入俱乐部,组织等;接收入学) C. turned D. moved admit 本来表示承认 4. — Do you have enough to ________ all your daily expenses? — Oh ,yes, enough and to spare.(闲置的,不用的,闲钱) A. cover(钱足够??之用) B. spend C. fill D. offer 5. Some parents are just too protective. They want to ________ their kids from every kind of danger, real or imagined. A. spot B. dismiss C. shelter(保护,庇护) D. distinguish shelter 本意:居所,住处,遮蔽物,庇护处 6. The fact that she never apologized ________ a lot about what kind of person she is. A. says 显示, ( 表明) B. talks C. appears D. declares 7. Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still ________ the traditional customs. A. perform B. possess C. observe(遵守规则,法律等) D. support 8. I can still remember he was always wearing(流露,面带)a smile and willing to help. 为了能使我们广大考生顺利通过考试,下面根据《考试说明》的词汇表,按照字母顺序举例 解析我们常见常考的熟词生义。 A 1. absent(熟义:adj. 缺席的) He looked at me in all absent way.(adj. 茫然的,恍惚的) She had an absent look on her face.她看起来心不在焉。 2. abuse(熟义:v. 滥用;漫骂) She is quite a successful career woman, but actually she’s much abused at home.(v. 虐待) 3. accommodate(熟义:住宿,留宿) This hotel can accommodate more than 500 guests.(vt. 容纳) He accommodated me when I asked him for change.(v. 准予,提供) 4. ache(熟义:v. &n. 疼痛) ache for 想念, 渴望

He was aching for home.(v. 渴望) He ached for her friendship.他渴望和她交朋友。 5. act(熟义:V. &n. 行动) It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.(vi. 起作用) The drug failed to act.这药不曾生效。 6. address(熟义:n. 地址 v. 写地址) 生义:vt. 1)向??发表演说;直接向??说话 2)从事于,一心一意地忙着做(某事) 3)献殷勤, 表达 It is said that our headmaster will address the meeting. (vt. 向??发表演说; 直接向??说话) I have the honor of introducing to you Mr. Smith, who will address you on his recent tour abroad. 我荣幸地向你们介绍史密斯先生, 他将向你们谈谈他最近的国外之行。 He addressed himself to the task of doing his homework.他专心致志地做他的家庭作业。 He addressed her with high compliment.他以非常恭维的话向她献殷勤。 7. against(熟义:prep. 逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰) 生义:以??为背景;对照 The picture looks nice against the white wall.(prep. 映衬) The pine trees were black against the morning sky.在早晨天空的映照下, 那些松树呈黑色。 The park opens five hours a day this year against three hours a day last year.这公园今年每天开放 五小时, 而去年每天开放三小时。 8. age(熟义:n. 年龄) 生义: (v.(使)变老) He is aging rapidly. 他老得很快。 Worry aged him rapidly.(v.(使)变老) 9. air(熟义:n. 空气) 生义: Don’t air your troubles too often.(v. 抒发;倾诉;播送) There was a comfortable air about her room.(n. 样子,神态,气氛) 10. alone(熟义:adv. 单独地,一个人地) 生义: (adv. 仅仅,只有) She alone was able to answer the question. 11. amount(熟义:n. 量) 生义: (to)共计,达到) The cost amounted to $200.(v.(to)共计,达到) What you have said amounts to a plain refusal.(v. 相当于) 12. announce(熟义:宣布) 生义: (vt. 显示,预告) A warm sunshine announces the coming of spring. 13. appreciate(熟义:v. 欣赏;感激;感谢) 生义: I appreciate that I may be wrong.(v. 意识到(realize) ) 14. attend(熟义:v. 出席;参加) The nurse attended to him day and night.(v. 看护;治疗;陪同) 15. accompany(熟义:vt. 陪伴;伴奏)

Strong winds accompanied the heavy rain.(v. 伴随) 16. allow(熟义:v. 允许) This diet allows you one glass of wine a day.(vt. 使可能) 17. approach(熟义:vt. 靠近;接近) I approached him about filling the manager’s job.(v. 接洽;建议;要求) 18. available(熟义:adj. 可得到的;可找到的) The worthy professor is now available.(adj.(人)有空的) B 19. become(熟义:v. 变得,变成) Her new hat certainly becomes her.(vt. 适于,适合) 20. behavior(熟义:n. 举止;行为) The behavior 0f this computer is moderately good.(n. 性能,特点) 21. blank(熟义:adj. 空白的 n. 空白) The stranger returned my greeting with a blank look.(adj. 没表情的;空虚的;没兴趣的) I call not think where I’ve left my umbrella;my mind’s a complete blank!(n. 记忆中的空白, 遗忘) 22. blue(熟义:adj. &n. 蓝色) His songs always make me feel blue.(adj. 忧伤的) 23. bare(adj. 熟义:裸露的) He likes to bare his heart/soul with his close friends.(vt. 向某人袒露心声) 24. bear(熟义:vt. 忍受;容忍) He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the sears.(v. 显示;带有) 25. bound(熟义:adj. 一定会) I don’t like being desk—bound all day.(adj. 受??约束的) C 26. cause(熟义:v. 致使) We are struggling for revolutionary cause.(n. 事业) 27. celebrate(熟义:vt. 庆祝) He celebrated her for her courage.(vt. 称颂,赞扬) 28. climate(熟义:n. 气候) The cultural climate here is somehow a little upsetting.(n. 风气;思潮;倾向) 29. cloudy(熟义:adj. 阴的,多云的) Who did is still remains cloudy.(adj. 不明朗的,不清晰的) 30. coach(熟义:n. 教练) She coached me in English.(v. 辅导,指导) 31. count(熟义:n. &v. 计算,数) (1) There are 10 people in the classroom counting two teachers.(vt. 包括) (2) It is not how much you read but what you read that counts.(vt. 有价值,重要) (3) She was counted among the greatest dancers.(vt. 以为,视为) 32. couple(熟义:n. 一对,一双;一对夫妇或情侣) The dining car was coupled onto the last coach.(v. 联合,连接) 33. course(熟义:n. 课程;过程) The main course was a vegetable stew.(n. 一道菜) 34. cross(熟义:v. 跨越,横穿 n. 十字)

Don’t be cross with him——after all, he meant to help.(adj. 生气的) 35. case(熟义:n. 情况;状况) There are three cases of fever in school.(n. 病例;案例) 36. casual(熟义:adj. 偶然的;随意的) He was employed as a casual laborer.(adj. 临时的) 37. cater(熟义:v. 为社交活动提供饮食;承办酒席) TV must cater for many different tastes.(v. 满足需要;迎合) 38. challenge(熟义:v. 挑战) I challenged him to a game of chess.(v. 强烈建议某人干某事) 39. chance(熟义:n. 机会) She chanced to be in when he called.(v. 碰巧) 40. charge(熟义:v. 索价,收费;指控;控告) Mother charged Alice to take good care of the baby.(v. 赋予??责任或义务) 41. clean(熟义:adj. 干净的) I clean forgot about n(adv. 彻底地;完全地) 42. consume(熟义:vt. 消耗;消费) The fire soon consumed the old wooden buildings in the neighborhood.(vt. 烧毁;毁灭) D 43. damage(熟义:v. &n. 损坏) He chimed $7000 damages from the taxi company.(n. 赔偿金(复数)=compensation) 44. dawn(熟义:n 拂晓 v. 破晓,天亮) The truth began to dawn on him.(v. 开始明白) 45. desert(熟义:n. 沙漠) He deserted his wife and children and went abroad.(v. 抛弃,离弃) 46. develop(熟义:v. 发展;开发;研制) Did you have the films developed?(v. 冲印) develop a disease/a habit(v. 逐渐形成) sure enough,most of the plants developed the disease(vt. 患病;出现问题) 47. difficult(熟义:adj. 困难的) (adj. 难以取悦的,不易满足的) 48. dismiss.(熟义:v. 解雇,开除) He just laughed and dismissed my suggestion as unrealistic.(v. 拒绝考虑(某观点等) ) 49. drive(熟义:v. 驾驶) Hunger drove her to steal.(v. 迫使某人(做不好或不快的事) ) 50. divorce(熟义:v. 与某人离婚) You can’t divorce science from ethical questions.(v. 使分离;使脱离) 51. draw(熟义:v. 画;拖;拉) What moral are we to draw from the story?(v. 获得,取得,推断出) E 52. engage(熟义:vt. 从事) A personal computer engages his interest now.(vt 吸引) 53. excuse(熟义:n. 借口 v. 原谅) He was excused from piano practice.(v. 免除某人的职责) 54. express(熟义:v. 表达)

His express wish was that you should come here by air.(adj. 明确的) Is there an express from Nanjing to Shanghai?(n. 快车) 55. encourage(熟义:vt. 鼓励;激励) Good health encourages clear thinking.(v. 促进,助长,刺激) 56. escape(熟义:v. 逃跑;逃脱) His name escapes me for the moment.(v. 被忘掉;被忽视) 57. explode(熟义:v. 爆炸爆裂) I’m about to explode! He broke my violin.(v. 勃然大怒;大发雷霆) 58. exploit(熟义:v. 开发;开采;剥削) You must exploit every opportunity to learn new things.(v. 利用) F 59. fail(熟义:v. 失败) Our water supply failed.(v. 不足;缺乏) He is failing in health./His health is failing.(v. 衰退,衰弱) He failed to lend her a hand.(v. 未能) Words failed him.(vt. 使失望;有负于) 60. fill(熟义:v. 填满) His answer did not fill our ne