人教版高中英语必修 5 基础知识练习题 (单词拼写/ 完成句子/单项选择）
单词拼写 1. Snow ____________(猜疑，怀疑)that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence. 2. The water companies were ____________(指导，引导)not to exp
ose people to polluted water any more. 3.His friends were _____________________________(热情的)and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was ______________(小心的，谨慎的). 4. It can be c____________ from the facts that the man had robbed the lady of her purse. 5.It is a _________________(挑战), I guess, of man against nature. 6.She tried to be more (积极的，肯定的)____________ about her new job. 7.Scientists are _________________(调查）the effects of diet on fighting cancer. 8. Parents continue to be__________(负责的，有责任的）for their children. 9. It was a__________ in the newspaper that new speed restrictions(限制) would be introduced. 10. We c______________ ? 5000 to the earthquake-hit area. 11. By _____________(分析) the collected materials, we can easily reach a correct conclusion. 12.Happily this was _______(完成)without ________(冲突)when James became King of England and Wales as well. 13.For____________(历史的) ___________(建筑物),you have to go to older but smaller towns. 14.I'd like to take this ____________(机会，时机)to thank my colleagues for their support. 15.The beauty of the hill is said to be beyond _____________(描述，描写). 16.The room still has many of its____________(最初的，原始的) features. 17.The equator（赤道） is an i_____________ line around the middle of the earth. 18.I have to remind myself ____________(不断地)that I am really in AD 3008. 19.It seems you keep getting flashbacks from your___________(早先的，在前的) time period. 20.At first my new ___________(环境，周围事物)were difficult to___________(容忍，忍受). 21.The rubbish is turned into several grades of useful_______________(原料，材料). 22.However, the companies have to train their ________(代表)to live and work in space _____________(定居，解决). 23.My _____________(动机)increased as I thought of the wonderful world of the future. 24.His trip to India made a strong i________________ on him. 25.The word ―i___________‖ means ―happening immediately‖. 26.The problems facing the President are________________(巨大的，庞大的). 27.She's not very ______________(乐观的)about the outcome of the talks. 28.There was a serious incident _____________(涉及，牵扯) a group of youths. 29.She made an a_________________ for her son to see the doctor. 30.Scientists have found a more ________________(准确的，精确的) way of dating cave paintings. 31.I have to stay here . She doesn't a______________ of my leaving just now. 32. Completed projects (方案) must be s___________ to the manager by 10 March. 33. His father is a journalist by p_______________. 34. She’s been ___________(故意地) ignoring him all day. 35. The public remain _____________(怀疑的) of/about his chance of winning. 36.First aid is a t______ form of help given to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. 37.The ______________(最重要的，不可缺少的)character of the town has been destroyed by the new road. 38.The rise in inflation was just one _____________(症状，征兆)of the poor state of the economy. 39.John was presented with his award at a __________(典礼，仪式)which recognized the ______(勇敢，勇气)of ten people. 三． 完成下列句子. 1. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people ___________________(患霍乱的). 2. The driver was ______________________________(对-----负责)the car incident. 3. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky______________(有意义，讲得通)..
4. Many thousands of terrified people died__________________________(每当有爆发时). 5. All his mathematical calculations__________________________(得出同样的结论). 6. ①_______________(专注于) his work, the worker didn't hear me. ②_____________________________(暴露在太阳底下)for too long will do harm to you. ③The boy was completely ______________(absorb) in his book, with his eyes ________(fix) on it and there was a _________(puzzle) expression on his face. 7. Theirs is a big family , ________________________________(由 10 个人组成). 8. When people ___________________(提到)England you find Wales ___________(include) as well. 9._________________________(值得表扬)， the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations) 10.________________________(为了方便起见) it is __________________(粗略分成) three zones. 11.This solid stone, square tower had ________________________(仍旧屹立)for one thousand years. 12._______________________(看上去奇怪的是)the man who had developed communism _________(竟然)have lived and died in London. 13.Many farmers want to ____________________________(摆脱，脱离)farming and make a living in cities. 14. I still cannot believe that I am __________________(接受)this prize that I won last year. 15. Copying these documents __________________________(用了一早上的时间). 16. _________________________(为旅行担心), I was unsettled for the first few days. 17._______________________(由于缺乏新鲜空气), my head ached. 18.However, I ________________(看不到) Wang Ping when we reached _______________________(看上去像一个很 大的市场) because of many carriages flying by_____________________(四面八方地). 19._________________(到达一个看上去很怪的房子), he showed me into a large, bright clean room. 20.Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen, and a table and some chairs rose__________________(从地板底下) from under the floor_________________________(好像魔术般地). 21.___________________________(被描述成一个巨大的圆盘子), it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of the earth's gravity. 22.I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, ___________________________(被它的效率所吸引). 23.They try to ____________________(弥补) their lack of attention _____________________(通过给孩子钱). 24. Can I ______________________________(出去采访新闻) immediately? 25.He ________________________________(走完那段距离) in half an hour. 26. You may be able to ___________________(集中，全神贯注于)photography later if you' re interested. 27. We say a good journalist must_____________ ______________(对新闻非常敏感的嗅觉). 28. __________________(与此同时) you have to prepare the next question______________(依靠依赖) what the person says. 29. Have you ever had a case where someone _____________________( 控 告 你 的 记 者 )_____________ __________________________(搞错，误解)? 30. A footballer_____________________(被控受贿) for not scoring goals_________________(目的是让) the other team win. 31. He _________________________________(对------充耳不闻) what I said. 32.------but there are other time when ______________________________(快速进行急救) can save lives. 33.The arrangements for the concert next Sunday have been all____________________(准备就绪) 34.If bums are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart,_____________(如果可能). 35. __________________________(毫无疑问的是) John's quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life. 36. ⑴ It shows that _________________________(对---急救知识的掌握) can________________________(有真正的 区别). ⑵ ___________________________________(没有区别，没有关系) to me where you come from.
三．单项选择 1. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless______ every day. A. watered B. watering C. water D. to water 2. （2010·山东卷）Your house is always so neat—how do you ______ it with three children? A. manage B. serve C. adapt D. construct 3. (2006·福建卷) _______for the breakdown of the school computer network，Alice was in low spirits． A．Blaming B．Blamed C．To blame D．To be blamed 4. At the meeting, student representatives ________some very good suggestions. A. put out B. put off C. put forward D. put down 5. Although I had read the book assigned by the professor several times , it didn’t make any _____ to me. A．meaning B．importance C．sense D．significance 6. Only by reading more books improve your reading skills. A. you can B. can you C. do you D. you do 7. So ______ was he in his work that he didn’t notice that it was raining hard. A. taken B. devoted C. absorbed D. interesting 8. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ___ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 9. The results of the medical checkup suggested that my father _____ in poor health, so the doctor suggested that he _____ smoking and take more exercise. A. was; gave up B. be; should give up C. should be; gave up D. was; give up 10. There was little _________ given to those who had worked the hardest. A. credit B. conflict C. aspect D. lack 11. The _____ boy wondered why fish soon went _____ in hot weather. He went to ask his teacher. A. puzzled; badly B. puzzling; bad C. puzzling; badly D. puzzled; bad 12. Don’t you believe it! Glass can ________ steel in many ways in life. A. take place of B. take the place of C. in place of D. instead of 13. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ______ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 14. When I got there, he was about to leave, so he only had time to explain ___ to me what he thought of our plan. A. carefully B. impatiently C. roughly D. repeatedly 15. This basketball team had lots of good players, so its fans never expected that it ____ have failed in the final. A. must B. might C. should D. need 16. I saw Mary dancing at Kate’s birthday party and on that ____ she was really excellent. A. scene B. situation C. position D. occasion 17. When we arrived in the deep night, we found there was no food ____ as all the shops were shut. A. accessible B. available C. remaining D. convenient 18. Would it be __________ for you to pick me up at 4:00 o’clock at the airport. A. free B. vacant C. handy D. convenient 19. With a lot of difficulties ___ ,they went to the seashore and had a good rest. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled 20. My cousin ______art at the university, but his major is English. A. takes on B. takes away C. takes up D. takes after 21. When ____ , the museum will be open to the public next year. A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed 22. Tom has always thought of himself as a good cook and never fails to _____everyone of it. A. remember B. know C. introduce D. remind. 23 A modern city has been set up in ____was a wasteland ten years ago.
A. what B. which C. where D. that 24. ______ __ a reply, he decided to send another e-mail. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 25. You see the lightning _____ it happens, but you hear the thunder later. A. for an instant B. on the instant C. in an instant D. the instant 26. After his journey from abroad, he returned home,_________________. A. exhausted B. exhausting C. being exhausted D. having exhausted 27. He had some _________ experience of this kind of work, so he got a chance to have a try. A. obvious B. previous C. advanced D. precious 28. ____________ by many tall trees, the lake looks more beautiful. A. Surrounding B. Surrounded C. Being surrounded D. To surround 29. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all life ________ so happy. A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt 30. This book is said to ____ many events not found in other history books. A. write B. cover C. print D. read 31. ---Would you come to see me tomorrow? ----_____________. A. It depends B. That depends on C. It is depended D. That depends so 32. Not until the war was over _______ to school. A. that the children could go B. the children couldn’t go C. could the children go D. the children could go 33. ① No sooner _______to bed than he fell asleep. A. he had gone B. had he gone C. he went D. did he go ② Hardly ______ the house when he was caught. A．the thief had entered B．entered the thief C．had the thief entered D．was the thief entering 34. _______ by cutting down our expenses will we be able to afford our son’s college fees. A. Just B. Only C. Never D. / 35. ① ________, she talked a lot about her favorite movie star to us. A. A girl as she is B. The girl as she is C. A girl as she is D. Girl as she is ② _____, he has much experience in learning English. A．As is he young B．Young as he is C．As young he is D．Young although he is 36. My mother didn’t ____ us leaving Kunming at once, so we had to stay there for ____ two days. A. approve; other B. approve of; more C. approve of; another D. approve; the other 37. Only when ____ the painting ____ decide whether the painting is worth buying. A. he sees; he can B．does he see; can he C．he sees; can he D．sees he; he can 38. In the dark forests_____, some large enough to hold several English towns. A. stand many lakes B. lie many lakes C. many lakes lie D. many lakes stand 39. ____ that even people in the next room could hear him. A. So loudly did he speak B. Such loudly did he speak C. So loudly he spoke D. Such loudly he spoke 40. The way ______________ the problem sounds reasonable. referred to solve B. referred to solving C. referred to to solve D. referring to to solve 41. Phone him and make an ______________ with him at 3:00 P.M. A. appointment B. approval C. approach D. application 42. Jane told me she would not attend the conference ________. A. if he invited B. when inviting C. unless invited D. while inviting 43. — Do you think the rain will affect the results of the football game? — Well, the players are used to such rainy weather, so it shouldn’t make any _______ to them.
A. difficulty B. difference C. trouble D. sense 44. ---- Aren’t you the manager? ---- No, and I______ A. don’t want to B. don’t want to be C. don’t want be D. don’t want 45. ---I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat? ---Not at all. ______. A. I’ve no time B. I’d rather not C. I’d like it D. I’d be glad to 46. ----Do you think it will snow tomorrow? ----______. A. I don’t think B. No, I don’t think C. I don’t think so D. No, I don’t so 47. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 48. – Will you waste your time and money on that? ------ Certainly _______. A. I not B. don’t C. not D. no 49. – Who should be responsible for the accident? -- The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order ______. A. as told B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told 50. He seldom _____________ his notebook when giving the speech to the students. A. stuck to B. referred to C. turned to D. led to 四．书面表达 1. 假设你是重庆朝阳中学学生刘洋，得知 2011 年香港大学要在大陆进行自主招生的消息后非常的高兴，你有 意向香港大学申请，参加自主招生考试。请根据表格信息，用英语写一封自荐信。 个人信息 性格和潜质 学习与获奖情况 个人爱好与特长 男，16 岁，高三学生 开朗，喜欢与人交往； 有良好的团队精神； 适应能力强。 学习刻苦，成绩名列前茅； 曾获―希望英语‖英语演讲全国一等奖。 ……
注意：1) 词数 100 左右； 2) 信的开头与结尾以为你写好（不计入总词汇） 3）可根据内容要点适当增加细节，使行文连贯。 。 4) 参考词汇：自主招生 independent recruitment 英语演讲比赛 English Speech contest Dear Sir,
2. 假如你是高二的一名学生，叫程威，今年有机会到英国伦敦去学习一年。你想了解英国的一些情况，就给在 英国的笔友 Jack 发了邮件，请他做一下介绍。Jack 收到你的邮件后，根据你所提的问题，给你做了答复，主要包 括： 1. 学习上：你所要来的这所中学是当地非常有名的，通过和老师、同学的交流你可以很快提高英语水平； 2. 生活上：可以找一家 host family，和他们吃住在一起，这样可以更好地了解英国人的生活习惯； 3. 业余时间：游览伦敦的名胜，如泰晤士河、伦敦眼等； 4. 不利之处：交通拥挤。 注意：1. 可以适当增添内容，使行文连贯；2. 词数：130 左右。
3. 假设你是李雷，上周你买了一本英文词典，回家后发现有这样那样的质量问题（缺页、印刷错误等） ，去书店 要求退换。书店的服务态度又不好，因此给报社编辑写信。信中必须包括以下内容： 1、事情的起因； 2、与书店交涉的经过； 3、呼吁服务行业必须提高服务质量。 注意：1、词数 100 至 120；
印刷错误 misprint (n.) ；
4. 请以 My Favorite Newspaper 为题目写一篇 100 字左右的短文，介绍《21 世纪报》 （21Century） 。短文内容应包 括下列表格中所提供的内容。 报纸名称及使用语言 出版地点及出版周期 版面内容 特色 目的 效果 21st Century 北京 英文报纸 每周一期
每周新闻、今日世界、语言课堂，体育与音乐、学生报导 图文并茂 学习英语词汇，提高英语水平，获取各种信息 广为人知，深受喜爱
5. 一天放学后，李明和王平看到一位骑车的老人摔了下来，伤了腿，流着血，不少人围了过去。有人建议将老 人抬到树下，李明不同意，说不能动，要检查一下。这时老人没有了呼吸，李明让王平给急救中心打电话，他为 老人做人工呼吸，另一工人帮助止血，没过十分钟，老人开始动弹了。急救中心的医生赶到，说李明做得对。 要 求： 写一篇 120 字的短文。可以增强细节，以使意思联贯。 参考词汇： 1. 急救中心 the First Aid Centre 2. 口对口人工呼吸方式 mouth-to-mouth way
参考答案 单词拼写 1-----5 suspected / instructed / enthusiastic (cautious) / concluded / challenge 6---10 possitive / investigating / respossible / annonced / contributed 11----15 analysing / accomplished (conflict) / historical ( architectures) /opportunity / description 16---20 original / imaginary / constantly / previous / surroundings (tolerate) 21---25 materials / representative (settlement) /motivation / impression / instant 26---30 enormous / optimistic /involving / appointment / accurate 31---39 approve / submitted / profession /deliberately / skeptical / temporary / essential / symptom / ceremony(bravery) 完成句子 1. exposed to chorora 2. to blame for 3. make sense 4. every time there was outbreak. 5. led to the same conclusion 6. Absorbed in / Being exposed to the sun / absorbed / fixed / puzzled 7. consisting of 10 people 8. refer to included 9. To one’s credit 10. For convenience roughly divided into 11. remained standing 12. It seemed strange that should 13. break away from 14. taking up 15. took up the whole morning 16. Worried about the journey 17. Hit by the lack of fresh air 18. lost sight of what looked like a huge market 19. Having arrived at a strange-looking house 20. from under the floor as if by magic 21. Described as a large round plate 22. absorbed by its efficiency 23. make up for by giving children money 24. go out on a story 25. covered the distance 26. concentrate on 27. have a good nose for stories 28. Meanwhile depending on 29. accused your reporter of getting the wrong end of the stick 30. was accused of taking money so as to/in order to/to let 31. turned a deaf ear to 32. giving first aid quickly 33. in place 34. if possible 35. There was no doubt 36. ⑴ a knowledge of first aid make a real difference ⑵ It makes no difference 单项选择 1---10 AABCC BCCDA 11----20 DBCCC DBDAC
21---30 ADACD ABBDB 31---40 ACB/C B D/B CCBAC 41---50 ACBBD CACAB 书面表达 1. My name is Liu Yang, from Zhao Yang High School in Chongqing. I am more than glad when I get the news that Hong Kong University will have independent recruitment in mainland. I would like to apply for admission for taking part in the independent recruitment exams of your school. I am a sixteen-year-old boy, who is studying in Senior 3. I am sociable, easy-going and good at communicating with others. I have made many friends and I can do well in a team. Meanwhile, I am quite independent and it i s easy for me to adapt to a new environment. My hobbies are playing basketball and football. I am also good at playing the violin. As a senior student, I have been working hard at my lessons and managed to get high grades. I am especially good at English, who have won the first prize in an English Speech Contest of Hope English. All this will enable me to continue my study in your university without having much trouble with a language barrier. I should be grateful if you can take my application into consideration. Looking forward to your early reply. Yours sincerely, 2. Dear Cheng Wei, I’m very glad to know that you will get a chance to study in London for a year. I’d like to tell you something about London so that you can have some ideas about it before you come. London is certainly one of the most famous cities in the world and the school which you are to attend is also well known. I am sure that you will improve your English quickly here by communicating with teachers and students here. After you come to London, you will live with a host family, which is a good way to help you learn more about the local customs and the English people’s way of life. During your spare time, you can go to visit the places of interest in London, such as Big Ben, the River Thames and the London Eye. Of course, there are some disadvantages living in London, for example, traveling, at times, can be difficult, particularly by car. Despite these things, I am sure you will have a good time staying and studying in London. Looking forward to your coming. Yours, Jack 3. Dear Editor, I am writing this letter to reflect some problems I’ve come across recently and appeal for the improvement of the service industry. Last week I bought an English dictionary in a bookstore near my home . But when I came home and read carefully, I found that several pages of the dictionary had been missing .What was worse, the misprints spread everywhere in the dictionary and seriously affected my comprehension. I went to the bookstore to ask for a replacement. But to my surprise, the staff of the bookstore turned down my request rudely and even denied the poor quality of the dictionary. It goes without saying that today’s market-oriented economy calls for much higher standard for the service industry. However, to my regret, many of them fail to achieve this standard and the quality of the staff needs to be improved. This certainly will not only deeply disappoint customers but hold back the development of our country’s economy. Therefore, I expect your newspaper to appeal to the service industry to attach more importance to the service improvement. Thank you for your attention! Yours sincerely, Li Lei 4. 21st Century is an English language newspaper and it is my favorite newspaper. It’s published in Beijing once a week. It contains News of the Week, Today’s World, Language Class, Sports and Music and Students’ Report. There are plenty of beautiful pictures and interesting articles in it. I read it to learn more new words to improve our English. Besides I can
get all kinds of information. 21st Century is very popular with students and is well known to all. 5. One day, after school was over, Li Ming and Wang Ping were walking in the street when they suddenly saw an old man fall off his bucycle. One of the old man’s legs was injuried and it was bleeding. Many people crowded around him. Someone suggested the old man be taken somewhere in the shade of trees. But Li Ming strongly disagreed. He had learned some knowledge about first aid before. He said that they ought to leave the old man where he was and check him. Now the old man was not breathing. Li Ming asked Wang Ping to telephone the First Aid Centre and he tried to start the old man’s breathing using the mouth-to-mouth way. Another young worker helped to stop the bleeding. Within ten minutes, the old man began to move a little and the doctors and nurses from the First Aid Centre arrived. They all said what Ling Mi ng did was right.
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