当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 高一英语语法定语从句的优质课件ppt

高一英语语法定语从句的优质课件ppt


高三英语第一轮复习

定语从句:是指在复合句中, 修饰名词或 代词的从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代 词叫做“先行词 ”. 引导定语从句的词叫“关系词 ”

定 语 从 句

The Restrictive Attributive Clause 限制性定语从句 The Non-Restrictive Attrib

utive Clause 非限制性定语从句

引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom,that 指代事物 which,that 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 where 关 指时间 when 系 指原因 why 副 词 关 系 代 词

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl

we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her is Mary.

we saw

yesterday

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl that/who/whom is Mary.

we saw yesterday

注意避免重复

Correct the mistakes

1.Under the big tree are 34 students,many of ——— come from class two. whom them 2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. whose ——— 3. This is the very pen that you gave it \ to me before. it \ 4. There is an old woman, that is holding —— who a stick.

1.that 与which
that 1.Nothing ______ can be done has been done. that 2.Do you have anything ______ you 先行词是everything, nothing, anything, don’t understand ?
something, much, little, none等不定代词,引 导定语从句用that

1.that 与which
1.This is the best TV _______ is that made in China. that 2.The first museum _______ he visited in China was the History 先行词被形容词最高级 Museum.
或序数词修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
I’ve read all the books ________ that you lent me.
先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, every, all, very, only, last 修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
1.The famous writer and his works that the radio _____ broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. 2.A victim is a person, animal or thing ______ suffers pain, that 先行词中既有人又有事物时, death, harm, etc.
引导定语从句用that .

1.that 与which
1.Who that _______ you have ever seen can do it better ?
Who做先行词时, 引导定语从句用 that

1.that 与which
1.Her bag ,in ________ she put all which her money, has been stolen. which 2.This is the ring on ________ she spent 1000 dollars. 3.Xiao Wang ,with ________ I went whom to the concert, enjoy it very much. 在介词后面,指事物
用which,指人用whom

2如何判断介词
根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 搭配

This is our classroom , in the front of _______________ which there is a teacher’s desk.

关系代词前介词的确定:

①They’ll never forget July 1 on which Hong Kong returned to its motherland. ②1992 is the year in which you were born.
小结1:根据先行词的习惯搭配 ①The school to which I was sent was very large. ②Hong Kong is the city from which he comes. 小结2:根据定语从句中动词所需习惯搭配
Wu Song was the man by whom the tiger was beaten.

小结3:根据定语从句的意义

Thishave lots of friends, some/none of I is the river _____are friendly. whom by/beside _______which there is a factory. _______ on which there is a and I have lots of friends,boat. some of them over/across which bridge was built. ____are friendly. _____________a along which friends. Some walk. I have lots of __________we often have a of them ____are friendly.

This is has hundreds of islands,spent 8 China the book _____which I the on yuan. _____which is Taiwan. largest of _____which I paid 8 yuan. for to He is the person_____whom you will from _____ which I learned a lot. write. by_____which book was written. about _____whom the they are talking. from in which there are _____ _____whom I learnt a lot. few new _____whom I can turn for help. towords. (turn to sb. for help) with _____whom I worked in the factory.

用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 on 1. I disagree with the facts ______ which your argument is based. 2. The song, ______ which he was in interested, will never be heard again. 3. This is the reason ______ which he often for comes to school late. in 4. I will never forget the way ______ which my teacher taught me. of 5. This is the hero ______ whom we are proud.

with 6. I want to find the very pen ______ which I wrote that letter. of 7. They are the students ______ whom our teachers are thinking highly. 8. It is important to choose good friends with ______ whom you can share your feelings and thoughts. 9. It will not be necessary to name the person ______ whom the card belongs. to 10. I would always like to do business with those peopleon / upon whom I can rely. ________

3 Whose 的使用
whose 引导的定语从句 表示所属关系

The river _________ banks ar whose covered with trees flows to the sea

先行词与从句的主语构成从属关系 eg: He is the lawyer whose daughter went abroad. = the daughter of whom = of whom the daughter eg: 他们住在一间门是蓝色的房子里。 They live in a house whose door is blue. = the door of which = of which the door

Whose 的使用
There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different. ? A.whose backgrounds ? B. The backgrounds of whom ? C.of whom the backgrounds ? D.the backgrounds of whose

4 as 的使用
The earth is round,___ we all know. as ___ is known to all, the earth is round As ___ is known to all that the earth is It round.
定语从句在句首时只能用as, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动 词一般是固定的

as 的使用
? This

is the same book as I lost.

这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。
? This

is the same book that I lost.

这本书就是我丢的那本。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____ as we all like. This is so interesting a book _____ as 定语从句 we all like. 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一 本书。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____we that all like it. This is so interesting a book ____we that all like it. 结果状语从句

这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。

as 的使用
1. It is very useful to master a foreign language,_____ has been which said before. 2 As everyone hoped, Mary ___ as引导定语从句可放在句首,句中, has won the first prize.
句末,而which 引导定语从句不能 放在句首.as译为正如,好像。, which 则没有此义。

关系副词-----when , where, why
1.when 表示时间,其先行词往往是表示时间 的名词(如: time,day,hour,year等)。

2. where 表示地点,其先行词往往是表示地点 的名词(如:place,room,house等)。 3. why 表示原因,常用在先行词reason 后。

5 when, where, why 与 that, which 的区分
when 1)I’ll never forget the day _________ we first met in the park. 2)I’ll never forget the time ________________ which\that I spent with you. 3)I’ll never forget the time which\that _____________ was spent with you. 4)This is the museum _______________I which\that visited last year .

1.I will never forget the day __________we were in the country. when

where 2. This is the park _________you took photos last Sunday. why 3. That was the reason________he was late for school.

Comparing and discovering The house which he lives in needs repairing.

The house in which he lives needs repairing.

The house where he lives needs repairing.

The reason for which Jim was happy to help Mandela surprised others.

The reason why Jim was happy to help Mandela surprised others.

.

The day when Mandela told him what to do was the happiest day for Jim?

The day on which Mandela told him what to do and helped him was the happiest day for Jim

I still remember the dayswhich/thatwe spent in the ________ 及物动词 country. ? I still remember the days when/during which we ________________ studied together. 不及物动词 which/that ? The factory__________ we visited is far away. where/in which ? The factory ______________ this kind of cars are made is very modern. ? I don’t know the reason why/ for which he is angry _____________ with me. that/which ? The reason ___________ he gave for his being absent isn’t acceptable. 及物动词
?

Is this the village _____________left which/that 1.当先行词为地点名词时,关系 you a deep impression? 词有三种可能 which/that/---_______________you can’t which/that 主语 forget?

宾语

where/ in which ______________you stayed which/that/---during the vacation? which/that/---______________you lived in?

状语

where=prep.+which

(作in的宾语)

which/that/---I’ll remember the days_____________ 2.先行词为时间名词时: I spent in the town. 宾语 状语 when/in which ____________we lived together. which/that/---- when=prep.+which when/on which/in which the day__________________ we lived together. eg: 昨天是你念念不忘的一天。 on which the date _________ we lived together. Yesterday is the day Itwhich/that/---- and all night when the rained all day ___ _______________you can never forget ship sank. =in which/during which

6 定语从句中的动词的数
He is the only one in his class who _______ has (have) got the teacher’s praise He is one of the students in his class who _______ (have) got the teacher’s praise have 关系词在定语从句中做主语时, 谓语动词的数取决于先行词

the way作先行词: 宾语 which/that/---Is this the way

状语
in which/that/----

which/that/---_______you told me?

in which/that/---_______you spoke at the meeting? 你就是以这种方式在会上讲话的吗?

the reason作先行词: 宾语
which/that/---eg:This is the reason why/for which ______he came late.

状语 why/for which

which/that/---- gave for his being late. ______he

Pay attention, please! We were put in a position in which/where we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 以下名词之后也通常用where引导的定语 从句:situation, case, point, position等等。 e.g. This is the point where I don't agree. to which

They are in such a situation where everything is in disorder. The police are looking into the case where two VIPs were killed. Can you make a sentence where this verb can be used? They were at the point where/at which they had to decide what to de next. In the super market, we always see a long queue where people are waiting fir things on sale.

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. to 2. The man whom I spoke is ∧ from Canada. 3. July 1,1999 is the daythat when we’ll never forget.

Correct the sentences:
4. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. which 5. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate. who

Correct the sentences:
6.This is the last time when I’ve given you lessons. that ? 7. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable. why
?

Correct the sentences:
8. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. gives

Correct the sentences:
9. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. as

10.The bike by which I travelled was his.

on

1.The reason ___ he didn’t pass the exam was that he didn’t study hard. A. which B. in which C. for which D. of which ? 2.The school ___ my sister studies at is far from here. A.where B. that C. at which D. in which ? 3.the days are gone forever ___ we used foreign oil. A. when B. that C. which D. at which ? 4.My hometown is no longer the place ___ it used to be. A. that B. what C. where D. as
?

5.He was the only one of the boys who ___ late for school. A.Are B. were C. is D. was

6.He is the guest ___ the manager first introduced.
A.Whose B. to whom C. who D. of whom

7.He made a hole in the wall___ he could get onto the house. A. in which
C. through which

B. which
D. by which

8. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ___ he grew up as a child.

A.which B. where C. that D. when
9.I can still remember the sitting room ___ my brother and I used to sit in the evening. A. Of which B. which C. that D. where

10.We shall never forget the days ___ we worked together. A. that B. in which C. on which D. which ? 11. I still remember the year ___ we spent together. A. / B. when C. on which D. in which ? 12.I can think of many cases ___ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where
?

1. Women ____ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ___ don’t. (2006北京)

A. who; /
C. who; who

B. /; who
D. /; /

2. There is much chance ____ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. (2006天津) A. that B. which C. until D. if 3. Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class ___ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. (2006重庆) A. why B. that C. where D. because

4. ---It’s thirty years since we last met. ---But I still remember the story, believe it or not, ___ we got lost on a rainy night. (2006四川) A. which B. that C. what D. none 5. In an hour, we can travel to places ____ would have taken our ancestors days to reach. (2006上海) A. where B. when C. which D. what

6. The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ____ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds. (2006江苏) A. who B. that C. as D. which

7. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house ____ roof is under repair. (2006 福建) A. whose B. which C. of which D. that 8. I was given three books on cooking, the first ____ I really enjoyed. (2006浙 江) A. of that B. of which C. that D. which

9. His movie won several awards at the film festival, ______ was beyond his wildest dream. (2007上海) A. which B. that C. where D. it 10. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, ____ wanted to buy it. (2007 安徽) A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom

11. We shouldn’t spend our money testing so many people, most of ____ are healthy. (2007 北京) A. that B. which C. what D. whom 12. By serving others, a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, __ can be very eye-opening and rewarding. (2007 湖南) A. who B. which C. what D. that

13. The thought of going back home was___ kept him happy while he was working abroad. (2007上海春) A. that B. all that C. all what D. which 14. It is reported that two schools, _____ are being built in my hometown, will open next year. (2007 四川) A. they both B. which both C. both of them D. both of which

15. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street,
______ used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. (2007 浙江) A. that C. who B. which D. where

Thank you
Goodbye


更多相关文档:

高一牛津英语语法+定语从句

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...高一英语语法之定语从句 4页 5下载券 高一英语语法定语从句课... 10页 1下载...

高一英语语法定语从句归纳总结

搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 ...高一英语语法定语从句课... 10页 1下载券 高一英语语法定语从句 43页 4下载券...

课件高一英语定语从句讲解

搜 试试 7 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 ...高一英语语法定语从句课... 10页 1下载券 高一英语 定语从句研究课... 21页...

定语从句-高一英语语法专题

高一英语语法专题 一、概念 定语从句 1.定语从句:定语从句是由关系代词或关系副词引导的从句,其作用是作定语修饰主句的某 个名词性成分,相当于形容词,一般紧跟在...

高中语法-定语从句(老师亲手打的课件)

高中英语 语法定语从句课件... 15页 免费 高中英语 语法--定语从句全... 34...定语从句讲解PPT图表 41页 1财富值 高中定语从句全面详细讲解... 10页 免费 ...

高一英语语法:定语从句练习

搜 试试 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库教育专区高中教育...高一英语语法定语从句课件 10页 2财富值 高一英语定语从句练习 5页 2财富值喜欢...

高一英语语法:定语从句练习

搜 试试 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 外语学习 英语...高一英语语法之定语从句 17页 2财富值 高一英语语法定语从句课件 10页 1财富值...

定语从句好课件123

定语从句123ppt 暂无评价 9页 2下载券 喜欢此文档的还喜欢 定语从句课件(简单易学) 10页 免费 高一英语语法定语从句的... 51页 1下载券 定语从句好的讲解 6...

英语语法大全之定语从句

搜试试 3 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 教育专区 高中教育 英语...英语语法大全之定语从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。英语语法大全之定语从句 ...
更多相关标签:
高一定语从句优质课 | 定语从句优质课一等奖 | 定语从句ppt优质课 | 定语从句优质课 | 高一定语从句讲解视频 | 高一英语定语从句 | 高一定语从句专练 | 高一定语从句 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com