John Donne Song: Go and catch a falling star
BY JOHN DONNE Go and catch a falling star, Get with child a mandrake root, Tell me where all past years are, Or who cleft the devil's foo
t, Teach me to hear mermaids singing, Or to keep off envy's stinging, And find What wind Serves to advance an honest mind. If thou beest born to strange sights, Things invisible to see, Ride ten thousand days and nights, Till age snow white hairs on thee, Thou, when thou return'st, wilt tell me, All strange wonders that befell thee, And swear, No where Lives a woman true, and fair. If thou find'st one, let me know, Such a pilgrimage were sweet; Yet do not, I would not go, Though at next door we might meet; Though she were true, when you met her, And last, till you write your letter, Yet she Will be False, ere I come, to two, or three. Notes: mandrake n. a plant of southern Europe and North Africa having purple flowers, yellow fruits and a forked root formerly thought to have magical powers
mermaid n. In fairy tales and legends, a mermaid is a woman with a fish's tail instead of legs, who lives in the sea. Analyze the metrical form 1. How many lines and stanzas are in the poem? 2. What is the main rhythm, and how about the variation? 3. What is the rhyming scheme? 4. What effect do the two monometer iambic lines give? (“and find, What wind” “and swear, No where”) Themes and symbols 1. In the first stanza, the speaker begins with a series of impossible orders to an unseen actor, what are the orders? 2. What does the speaker want to know in the second stanza? 3. In the last stanza, is there a woman true and honest in the world according to the speaker? 4. How much imageries are in the poem? A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning 别离辞，莫悲伤 As virtuous men pass mildly away， And whisper to their souls to go， Whilst some of their sad friends do say， "The breath goes now，" and some say， "No，" So let us melt， and make no noise， No tear-floods， nor sigh-tempests move； 'Twere profanation of our joys To tell the laity our love. Moving of the earth brings harms and fears， Men reckon what it did and meant； But trepidation of the spheres， Though greater far， is innocent. Dull sublunary lovers' love （Whose soul is sense） cannot admit Absence， because it doth remove Those things which elemented it. But we， by a love so much refined That our selves know not what it is，
Inter-assured of the mind， Care less， eyes， lips， and hands to miss. Our two souls therefore， which are one， Though I must go， endure not yet A breach， but an expansion. Like gold to airy thinness beat. If they be two， they are two so As stiff twin compasses are two： Thy soul， the fixed foot， makes no show To move， but doth， if the other do； And though it in the center sit， Yet when the other far doth roam， It leans， and hearkens after it， And grows erect， as that comes home. Such wilt thou be to me， who must， Like the other foot， obliquely run； Thy firmness makes my circle just， And makes me end where I begun. Words: profanation n. degradation of something worthy of respect laity n. The laity are all the people involved in the work of a church who are not members of the clergy, monks, or nuns. trepidation n. trembling or quivering movement sublunary a. situated between the earth and the moon compass n. an instrument for drawing or describing circles, measuring distances roam v. wander or travel around without having a particular purpose hearken v. listen to Themes and symbols 1. In the second stanza, when the speaker say “so let us melt, and make no noise”, to what does he compares the dying people? 2. What is “moving of the earth” in the third stanza? 3. From line 21 to 24, When one dies, what will happen to him and his lover? A departure?
4. Why does the speaker compares two lovers to the two feet of a compass, what are the similarities?
Paradise Lost John Milton
Research: Find out what they are. The Hebrew Bible/ the Old Testament 希伯来圣经》 《旧约》 Genesis “创世纪” 《 或 The New Testament 《新约》 Protestant Christian 基督新教徒 Book1 (1-125) In The first Book, first in brief, Milton reveals the whole Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was placed. Then he touches the prime cause of his fall, the Serpent, or rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from God, and drawing to his side many Legions of Angels, was by the command of God driven out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. This action is past over, the narration begins in the middle of things, presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell, a place of utter darkness, fitly called Chaos: Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonished, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of their miserable fall. Words： vanquish confound affliction obdurate dungeon deluge beest myriads inflict dubious extort ignominy
v. to defeat someone in a battle completely a. bewildered, confused n. a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity a. stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing a. a dark cell n. a heavy rain prep. be n. million n. to make somebody suffer a. open to doubt or suspicion v. get sth. by using force, threats, or other unfair or illegal means n. a state of dishonor
Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal taste Brought Death into the World, and all our woe, With loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat, [ 5 ] Sing Heavenly Muse, that on the secret top
Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire That Shepherd, who first taught the chosen Seed, In the Beginning how the Heavens and Earth Rose out of Chaos: Or if Sion Hill [ 10 ] Delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flowed Fast by the Oracle of God; I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventurous Song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above the Aonian Mount, while it pursues [ 15 ] Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime. And chiefly Thou O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples the upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread [ 20 ] Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark Illumin, what is low raise and support; That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert Eternal Providence, [ 25 ] And justify the ways of God to men. Say first, for Heaven hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause Moved our Grand Parents in that happy State, Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off [ 30 ] From their Creator, and transgress his Will For one restraint, Lords of the World besides? Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? The infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceived [ 35 ] The Mother of Mankind, what time his Pride Had cast him out from Heaven, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring To set himself in Glory above his Peers, He trusted to have equaled the most High, [ 40 ] If he opposed; and with ambitious aim Against the Throne and Monarchy of God Raised impious War in Heaevn and Battel proud With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurld headlong flaming from the Ethereal Skie [ 45 ] With hideous ruine and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire, Who durst defy the Omnipotent to Arms.
Read the rest 75 lines on the text book. 教材上的 1 到 75 行是原诗中的 50 到 125 行。 Note: 1. one greater Man. The Messiah.(Jesus Christ) 2. Heavenly Muse: Holy Spirit 3. Oreb. Moses, "That Shepherd," received the Law on Mt. Horeb or its spur, Mt. Sinai 4. chosen seed.The people of Israel. 5. In the Beginning. The opening words of both Genesis (Geneva) 创世纪） and the （ Gospel（福音书）of John (Geneva). 6. Sion. To the haunts of the classical muses near the Castalian spring on Mt. Parnassus, Milton prefers to claim Mt. Sion and its brooks Kidron and Siloa, a kind of biblically authorized Parnassus(诗坛). 7. out of Chaos. God created everything out of nothing . 8. Aonian Mount. Mt. Helicon, in Aonia, sacred to the classical muses. 9. Dove-like. The Holy Spirit appears as a dove. 10. brooding on the vast Abyss. Milton's "brooding" is a better translation of the Hebrew than the familiar "moved upon the face of the waters" of the Authorized version of Genesis 1:2. 11. pregnant. Milton invites us to imagine the Holy Spirit copulating with the unformed matter of Chaos ("the vast Abyss"). 12. Say first. In Homer’s Iliad, Homer invocate to the muse in by writing “Say first”. 13. one restraint. That is, the single ban against eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2: 17). 14. Lords of the World. According to Genesis 1:28, human beings were created to "have dominion" over the rest of creation. 15. Adamantine. Unbreakable, rocklike. Questions: Please read the excerpt from Book 1 of Paradise Lost carefully and think over the following questions. We will discuss them in groups in our reading class. 1. What story does Milton attempt to tell in this epic? 2. The Shepherd (line 8) is the great prophet Moses of Judaism. Find out his life and deeds. 3. Who’s the muse of the poet? 4. Who are Our Grand Parents in line 29? What happened to them? 5. Satan was an archangel on the side of God in heaven, but what was the reason for his revolt? (line30-50) 6. Where are the serpent and his followers condemned after their defeat? 7. What are the God’s punishments for those rebellious angels?(line59-74 or textbook:line9-25)
8. What is considered by Satan as “ignominy” and “shame”? (line 115 or textbook line 66) 9. According to what you read from line50-125(textbook line1-75), what is the portrait of Satan given by Milton?
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