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语法--(并列句与状语从句)


中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

聚智堂学科教师辅导讲义
学员姓名: 学科教师:师培芳 课 题 年 级:高三 课 时 数:3 课时 授课时间段: 辅导科目:英语 语法----并列句与状语从句复习及练习 1. 掌握并列句与状语从句的基础知识 2. 如何准确地选择引导词

教学目的

教学内容

/>日校回顾

课堂导入
Can we have our teacher back? Can we have our teacher back? Once a superintendent of schools was visiting a three-room school. One room was very noisy, so the man grabbed a tall boy who had been standing up talking. He took the boy into another room and stood him in the corner. Five minutes later, a small boy came out of the first room and said, "When can we have our teacher back?"

本节重难点

1. 状语从句的概念 2. 状语从句中引导词的选择

新课讲解

并列句和状语从句

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家 句子的分类 主语+谓语 主语+谓语+宾语 简单句 主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语 主语+谓语+宾语+宾语 主语+系动词+表语 表并列:and; not only…but also…; neither…nor…; not…but… 并列句 表选择: or; either…or…; otherwise, or else 句子 表转折: but; yet; while; however 表因果: so; for “这时,那时” when 形容词性从句(定语从句) 主语从句 宾语从句 复合句 名词性从句 表语从句 同位语从句 副词性从句(状语从句) 1. 常见的并列句 Work hard and you will succeed. Some men are rich, while others are poor. when 可作并列连词,意为“那时,这时” was doing…when… had done…when… was about to do/was going to do/on the point of doing…when… we were having a meeting when suddenly someone broke in. we were about to start out when it suddenly begun to rain. 2. 时间状语从句 (1)as、when、while 用法一览表。
类别 作 用 例 句 as 表示 “ 当 …… 的时候 ” ,往往和 when/ as while 通用,但它着重强调主句与从句的动 作或事情同时或几乎同时发生。随着 (at or during the time that )既可以表示在某 when 一点的时候,又可表示在某一段时间内, 主句与从句的动作或事情可以同时发生也 可以先后发生。 while 意思是 “当……的时候”或“在某一段 时间里”。主句中的动作或事情在从句中的 while 动作或事情的进展过程中发生,从句中的 动词一般要用延续性动词。在 when 表示 a period of time 时,两者可以互换。 Please don’t talk so loud while others are working. He fell asleep while/when reading. Strike while the iron is hot.(用 as 或 when 不可,这里的 while 意思是“趁……”) She came up as I was cooking.(同时) The runners started as the gun went off.(几乎同时) As time goes by, it’s getting warmer and warmer. It was raining when we arrived.(指时间点) When we were at school, we went to the library every day.(在一段时间内)

Hurry up or you will be late. He likes pop music, while I am fond of folk music.

I had just gone to bed when the telephone rang.

(2)引导时间状语从句的连接词除上述外还有: ①till, until, not … until … Don’get off the bus until it has stopped. 主句需用非延续性动词,表动作持续到某一点才开始。 He waited for his father until(till)it was twelve o’clock. not …until… 的强调和倒装
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主句需用延续性动词,表动作持续到某一点才结束。

中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家 I had not any idea of it until you told me. _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ②before___________________________We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. ___________________________We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired. _____________________________Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. _________________________________It won’t be long before we meet again. ____________________________It will be five years before he returns from England. It was a long time before he came back. Since _____________________________I have written home four times since I came here. _____________________________It is/has been three years since the war broke out. ③hardly / scarcely … when, no sooner … than, as soon as, once, immediately, the moment 表示“一……就” As soon as I have finished it , I’ll give you a call. Once you show any fear, he will attack you. We had hardly got / Hardly had we got into the country when it began to rain. No sooner had he arrived / He had no sooner arrived than she started complaining. ④each time, every time, by the time, the first time Each time he came to my city, he would call on me. 2.地点状语从句:where, wherever Make a mark wherever you have any questions. We will go where the Party directs us. 注意与定从的区别:You had better make a mark 3.原因状语从句:because, for, as, since, now that because for as Since, now that, considering, seeing that for fear that 害怕,担心发生某事。 主句后,是全句中重要部分 主句后,可说可不说 主句前,不重要的部分 主句前 in case 以防发生…… 直接原因 补充说明理由 显而易见的理由 双方都知道的原因 语气强,可回答 why 语气弱,不可回答 why 语气弱,不可回答 why 语气弱,不可回答 why where you have any questions. at the place where you have any questions.

4.目的状语从句: so that, in order that 常与情态动词连用,不可置于句首。 We spoke in whispers for fear that we might wake the baby. I decided to stay at home just in case my friends came round. 5.结果状语从句:that, so that, so … that, such … that … ①so + 形容词/副词+ that 从句;such +名词 + that 从句 ②so, such 置于句首,主句部分倒装 So clever a student was he that he was able to work out all the difficult problems. ③ too…to…, enough to… He didn’t get up early enough to catch the bus. = he got up too late to catch the bus. = he got up so late as to miss the bus. 6.条件状语从句:if, unless, so (as) long as, in case(如果,万一), on condition that(条件是),suppose/supposing (that)(假 设,如果), provided that(如果) In case we fail,we won't lose heart. You will fail the exam unless you study hard. Suppose/supposing (that)they refuse us, who else can we turn to for help?
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so many/much/few/little(少)+n. that

中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家 7.方式状语从句:as, as if(though) I’ll do as (I am) told to. It looks as if it is going to rain. The old lady treats the boy as if he were her own boy. 8.让步状语从句 (1)although 与 though 可以引导让步状语从句,不能与 but 连用,但可以与 yet 连用。While 放句首,也有尽 管,虽然之意。as 放句首,需倒装,n.前无冠词。even if/though(即使) Although they are poor,(yet)they are warm-hearted. Child as he is, he knows a lot. (2)no matter wh-, wh-ever 等可引导状语从句。 Don’t trust him, no matter what / whatever he says.(状从) Whoever breaks the law will be punished.(名词性从句,不用 no matter-wh) 9. 比较状语从句 Your classroom is three times as big as ours. He is taller than any other boy in my class. 10.注意状语从句中从句的省略现象 (1)连接词 + 过去分词 Don’t speak until spoken to. Pressure can be increased when needed. Unless repaired, the washing machine is no use. (2)连词 + 现在分词 Look out while crossing the street. (3) 连词+ to do He moved his lips as if (he were) to speak something. (4)连词 + 形容词/其他 常见的有 if necessary、if possible、when necessary、if any 等。

课堂练习

(2012) 1. I don't believe we've met before, ____ I must say you do look familiar. A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 2. You have to move out of the way ____the truck cannot get past you. A. so A. when A. while A. as A. when A. although B. or B. than B. when B. if B. where B. as C. and C. until C. where D. but D. after 3. 1 had hardly got to the office __my wife phoned me to go back home at once. 4. Everything was placed exactly _____he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. D. though D. though D. until D. however 5. He smiled politely_____ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. C. unless C. before C. while 6. A number of high buildings have arisen ______there was nothing a year ago but ruins. 7. Hot ____the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. 8. All the photographs in this book, ___ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s.
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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家 A. unless A. unless A. Even if B. until B. even if B. As though C. once C. in case C. In case D. if D. as long as D. If only 9. You can borrow my car _you promise not to drive too fast. 10. -Look at those clouds ! -Don't worry. _____it rains, we'll still have a great time. 11. It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties _____it gets more financial support from the European Union. A. if A. While A. However B. unless B. Once C. because C. If D. Until C. Whichever D. Whenever D. since 12. ______I felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. 13. ________ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. B. Whatever 14. One's life has value ___one brings value to the life of others. A. so that B. no matter how C. as long as D. except that 15. Leave your key with your neighbor ___you lock yourself out one day. A. as long as B. even though A. yet A. while A. why A. until A. once B. still B. although B. where B. before B. if C. in case D. as if 16. Mike was usually so careful, _____this time he made a small mistake. C. even C. so C. who C. as C. after D. thus D. as D. what D. unless D. unless 17. At school, some students are active ____some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another. 18. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you'd better stay _____you are and wait for help. 19. -Coach, can I continue with the training? -Sorry, you can't _____you haven't recovered from the kneeinjury. 20. I have a tight budget for the trip, so I'm not going to fly _____the airlines lower ticket prices. 21. The map is one of the best tools a man has ___he goes to a new place. A. whenever B. whatever C. wherever D. however

反思与小结

1.错题回顾 3. 你会选择正确的引导词了吗?

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中小学 1 对 1 课外辅导专家

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