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外研版高中英语必修一module1课件


Grammar

教学内容和目标: 通过观察,分析,归纳本模块的语法现在时的几种不同的用法和以-ing 和-ed 结尾的形容词的用法。

(1) 一般现在时的句型结构 ①肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+表语 主语+实义动词 (+其它) ②否定句: 主语+ am/is/are +not+表语 主语+don’t (doesn’t) + 实义 动词原形 (+其它) ③疑问句: Am/Is/Are+主语+表语 Do (Does)+主语+实义动词 原形(+其它)

(2)一般现在时的用法 1) 表示不随时间的变化而变化的事实, 真理,格言,警句等。 ① The earth goes around the sun. 地球绕着太阳转。 ② Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。 ③ Tomorrow is Monday. 明天星期天。

2) 表示目前,现在经常发生的动作, 习
惯, 或存在的状态。常与下列表示次

数的频率副词连用: often, usually,
always, sometimes, seldom, every day

(week, year, night), once a week等。

① Class begins at eight every

morning.
每天早晨八点钟开始上课。 ② He always works at night. 他经常在晚上工作。

3) 表示“预定”或是“安排好”要发生 的,不会轻易改变的未来动作, 事情。 常用于此类用法的动词有come, go, move, stop, leave, arrive, be, finish, continue, start, begin等。 ① The plain arrives at 8 o’clock. 飞机八点到。 ② School begins on March 5. 三月五日开学。

4) 用于戏剧, 电影等的剧本解说, 体育比 赛及其他活动现场解说或图片的说明 等。 ① He passes the ball to John.

他把球传给约翰。
② There are five people in the picture.

在这幅画中有五个人。

5) 在表时间和条件的状语从句中, 用一 般现在时代替将来时。 常见引导时间状语从句的词汇有: when, while, whenever, before, after, till, until, by the time, as soon as。 常见引导条件状语从句的词汇有: if, unless, as long as, so long as, in case (that), provided (that).

① We will have an exam when we finish the textbook. 我们学完课本后将会进行一次测试。 ② I will tell him that as soon as I see him.我一见到他就会告诉他那件事。

③ We have to wait here before he comes.
在他回来前,我们不得不等。

(1) I have been living outside Qingdao for a long time now but I__ back there every few weeks to see my parents. A. am going B. had gone C. would be going D. go (2) Give her the book when you ____. A. will meet her. B. meets her C. meet her D. meeting her.

(3) ----I want to write Yang Liwei a letter, but I don’t have any stamps. ----I’ll buy some for you, if I ___to the post office. A. go B. shall go

C. will go

D. went

The present continuous tense

现在进行时

(1) 现在进行时的基本结构 ① 肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ 现在分词
② 否定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ not+现在

分词
③ 疑问句:Am/Is/Are +主语+现在分词

(2) 现在进行时的用法
1) 表示说话时正在进行的, 目前正在

发生的动作。此种用法时, 常带有
表示目前时刻的时间副词, 如:

now, at the (very) moment, for the
time being, at present, 及Look!, Listen!等词汇。

① Look! The big bird is flying away. 看, 那只大鸟正在飞走。 ② He is watching a movie now. 他现在正在看电影。 2) 表示目前一段时间内正在进行, 但说 话时可能没有进行的动作。 Right now I am studying Chinese by distance learning. 我现在正通过远程教育学习汉语。

3) 与always, constantly, forever, all the time等副词连用, 表示动作反复 或习惯。此时句子常含有说话者的 强烈情感在内。表达较强的“责备 ”或“表扬”之意。

① You are always changing your mind. 你总是主意不定。 (太烦人了) ② He is always helping others. 他总是帮助别人。 (他真是个好人。)

4) see, return, leave, start, visit, go, come, fly, stay等动词可以用进行时 表将来。 ① He is leaving on Wednesday. 他将于周四离开。 ② They are going to Canada next week. 他们将下周去加拿大。

1. —Do you like the material? —Yes, it _______ very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt 2. I’ve won a holiday for two weeks to Florida. I _______ my mum. A. am taking B. have taken C. take D. will have taken

3. —When will you come to see me, Dad? —I will go to see you when you ______ the training course. A. will have finished B. will finish B. are finishing D. finish 4. He always ______ careful notes while he is listening to the teacher in class. A. will take B. took C. takes D. is taking

5. I’m sorry I can’t go. I ____ a report. A. write writing C. wrote was writing 6. —What’s the terrible noise? ─The neighbors ______ for a party. A. have prepared C. prepare B. are preparing D. will prepare B. am D.

7. I need one more stamp before my collection _____. A. has completed B. complete C. has been completed D. is completed 8. ─ Can I join the club, Dad? ─ You can when you ______a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got

9. There _______ the bus. Hurry up. A. is coming C. has come up, please. B. comes D. will come

10. If I ______ when he comes, wake me

A. slept

B. am sleeping

C. will be sleeping D. was sleeping

-ing分词和-ed分词用法

形容词化了的-ing分词和-ed分词用 作名词修饰语时,仍保留一定的动词含 义。一般说来,由及物动词的-ing分词 转化来的形容词往往带有主动意义,常 译为“使人??;令人??”;由及物 动词的-ed分词转化来的形容词往往带有

被动含义,用来形容人感到如何。

1. The girl let out a frightened _________ cry at the sight of the snake. 看到蛇, 女孩尖叫起来。

The girl was frightened. frightening shout scared the boys. 2. His __________ 他大吼一声把那帮男孩给吓跑了。 The shout was frightening and the boys felt frightened.

又如:

The exciting news made every one of us
very excited.

那令人兴奋的消息使我们每个人都很兴
奋。

None of the banks I spoke to were
interested.

我去找过的银行没有一家感兴趣。

Defarge was pleased at their arrival.

对于他们的到来,德法奇感到很高
兴。

That sounds very interesting.
那听起来倒挺有趣的。

这类词常见的有:
interesting 有趣的;interested 感兴趣的 disappointing 令人失望的;disappointed 失望的 exciting 令人兴奋的;excited 激动的 surprising 令人惊奇的;surprised 惊奇的

puzzling 令人迷惑的;puzzled 迷惑的
tiring 令人厌倦的;tired 疲劳的

pleasing 令人高兴的;pleased 高兴的 satisfying 令人满意的;satisfied 满意的 worrying 令人担心的;worried 担心的 frightening 恐怖的;frightened 受惊的 boring 乏味,无聊的 bored感到无聊

Exercises I
1. The situation is more ____than ever.
I’m _____ about what to do next.

A. puzzled; puzzled
B. puzzling; puzzling C. puzzling; puzzled D. puzzled; puzzling

2. The ______ news ______ Jim. He was _____ at it. A. surprising; surprised; surprised B. surprised; surprised; surprising

C. surprised; surprising; surprised
D. surprised; surprising; surprising

3. It was so ___ a poem that quite a few students were _____ to tears. A. moved; moved B. moving; moving C. moving; moved D. moved; moving

4. China is a large country which is
getting ______.

A. more and more developed
B. more and more developing C. more developed and more developed D. more developing and more developing

5. —How did Jack do in the exams this time? —Well, his parents seem _____ with his results. A. pleasing C. pleased B. pleasure D. pleasant

6. It is _____ to travel by air than by water. A. a lot more excited B. much exciting C. a lot more exciting D. much more excited 7. They are _____ at the news that their team was beaten by ours. A. disappointing B. disappointed C. surprising D. pleased

Exercises II
动词填空: exciting news, we were 1. Hearing the ________ all _________. excited (excite) 2. The little boy seemed frightened _________ at the sight of thefrightening ________ snake. (frighten) 3. How disappointing __________ it is to see adisappointed ________ look on his face. (disappoint) 4. All of us were _______ puzzled by the ________ puzzling maths problem. (puzzle)

5. ________ boring film, the man Bored of the ________ went out of the cinema half way. (bore) 6. Have you seen the _______ missing (miss) boy? 7. The dishes tasted nice,making me ________ pleased (please). 8. He hadn’t expected the result, which can be seen from hissurprised _______ look. (surprise)

9. A lot of young people are interested _______ in the interesting __________ game. (interest) 10. He showed he was _________ satisfied with the experiment results with a _______ satisfied look on his face. (satisfy)

巩固练习 My First Day at Senior High Today is my first day at Senior High. I always _______ get up (get up) very early. I _________ exercise (exercise) this month, so I _________ (jog) every morning. I ______ jog walk (walk) to school every day because I _____ live (live) not far away from the school.

Now I __________ am sitting (sit) in the classroom and ___________(listen) to my new am listening teacher’s self-introduction. I must say I like her very much. She _______(smile) all smiles the time. Everything about the new school is so exciting. I am _______________(write writing down down) all my feelings now and I _________________ am looking forward (look forward) to the next day at my senior high school.

Thank you


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