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英语-译林牛津版选修模块9-


高 中 英 语 选 修 9

第28讲 Unit 1 第29讲 Unit 2 第30讲 Unit3 第31讲 Unit4

Other countries,other cultures Witnessing time The meaning of colour Behind beliefs

第28讲│unit 1 O

ther countries,other cultures 第28讲 unit 1 Other countries,Othercultures

第28讲 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句 [1]
诵美文

中国的传统节日中秋节马上就要到了,你的美国笔友Mike请你在他们的校报 上介绍一下中秋节的情况,请你根据下表写一篇短文。 写作内容: 中秋节简介 时间 范围 每年阴历八月十五日,是中国最重要的传统节日之一。 中国及亚洲其他一些国家都会庆祝。

象征
方式

人们认为月亮是团圆、运气、财富的象征,在那天会互相表达祝福。
在那一天,人们通常回家与家人团聚,共进晚餐。人们还会吃月饼,那 是一种圆圆的饼,里面有不同的馅料,如肉、果仁、鸡蛋等。

写作要求:只能使用5个英语句子表达全部内容。 评分标准:句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

第28讲 │ 美文佳句

The Midautumn Festival, which is one of the most important traditional festivals in China, falls on August 15th of the lunar calendar every year. Not only is it popular in China but it is also celebrated in many other Asian countries. People believe that the moon is a symbol of reunion, luck and fortune, and it is a custom to express best wishes to the beloved ones at this particular time. On that day people usually go back home to have family reunion, enjoying a large meal with their family. They will also eat mooncakes, which are round cakes with meat, eggs, nuts and other things inside.

第28讲 │美文佳句
背佳句 1. The Midautumn Festival, which is one of the most important traditional festivals in China, falls on August 15th of the lunar calendar every year. 中秋节,中国最 重要的传统节日之一,在每年农历的八月十五。 [赏析] 该句含有一个which引导的非限制性定语从句, 修饰先行词The Midautumn Festival。 2. Not only is it popular in China but it is also celebrated in many other Asian countries. 它不仅在中国盛行,而 且许多其他亚洲国家也庆祝该节日。 [赏析] 该句使用了“not only…but also”结构,not only提 前,使用了部分倒装结构。

第28讲 │美文佳句
3. People believe that the moon is a symbol of reunion, luck and fortune, and it is a custom to express best wishes to the beloved ones at this particular time. 人们认为月亮是团圆、 吉祥和财富的象征,在这个特定时刻向至爱的人表达良好 祝愿成为一种特定的习俗。 [赏析] 总体上看,该句是一个含有that引导的宾语从句,从 句中又使用了一个并列句。 4. On that day people usually go back home to have family reunion, enjoying a large meal with their family. 在这天,人们通常回家团聚,与家人一起吃团圆饭。 [赏析] 该句中使用了一个动词不定式结构作目的状语,动 词的ing形式作伴随状语。

第28讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1.The country is abundant (丰富的) in natural resources. 2.The new branch of the company is l ocated in Lower Manhattan. 3.Have you got anyconcrete (具体的) proposals? 4.C ompulsory education is divided into two stages: primary school education and junior middle school education. 5.Every generation laugh at the old fashion, but follow 工a religiously (不折不扣地) the new.
[1]

第28讲 │ 课前热身
6.Heavy drinking can causepermanent (永久的) damage to the brain. enthusiast 7.He is an (爱好者)about politics. 8.In other words, we need more r ecreation so that we can relax after work. 9.There are strict controls on i mmigration into this country. 10.She complained of acute (剧烈的) pains in her chest. 11.You willcompromise (损害) your good name if you associate with these people.

第28讲 │ 课前热身
12.We need a foreign policy that is more flexible
的 ). 13.We give p reference to applicants with some experience. 14.His conservative (保守的) views made him unpopular. 15.The car was registeredin my name, and was a present from my parents.

(灵活

第28讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 汉译英 1.喜爱,喜欢 2.填写 be fond of fill out owing to cater to put aside as far as…is/are concerned be home to… be located in

3.由于;归功于
4.迎合,满足 5.将……放在一边,置之不理 6.就……而言 7.为……的所在地 8.位于,坐落于

第28讲 │ 课前热身
9.必定,必然 10.是……的缩写形式 be bound to be short for… for short in total put aside be worthy of Be equipped with

11.简称,缩略
12.总共,一共 13.值得……

14.配备有……

第28讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. Located in (坐落于) the heart of Toronto is the Canadian National Tower, which is often called the CN Tower for short (简称). 2. Montreal, a port in the province of Quebec, is the second largest city in Canada, and also the second largest Frenchspeaking city in the world, Paris being the largest (巴黎是最大的). 3. Canada is one of the largest countries in the world, 阿 second only to Russia (仅次于俄罗斯), and has always been famous for its fantastic natural scenery.

第28讲 │ 课前热身
4.Over 12 million people filled out (填写) paperwork to register and enter the USA here between 1892 and 1954. 5.So, while a high percentage of Australians (虽然很大一部

分澳大利亚人) may be people who watch sports rather than
do them,as far as most of its population is concerned, it is indeed a great sporting nation! 6. Considering Australia’s relatively small population (考虑到 澳大利亚人口相对较少),its outstanding performance in the Olympic Games was really amazing.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
[2]

vt.保卫,防护,防守;辩护,辩解;为……当辩护律师

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
defence n. defenseless adj. 防御,防卫 无防御的,无保护的

defensive adj. 保护的;防守的
defend sb./sth. from(against)… 保护某人/某物免遭…… defend oneself 自行辩护 come to one’s defence 帮助(保护)某人 in defence of 保卫,捍卫;为……辩护 take defensive actions 采取自卫行为 take defensive measures 采取防御措施

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 defend与protect defend含有采取措施抵制进攻的意思;protect常指提 供安全的方式来驱开不适、伤害或进攻。如: He tried to defend his reputation. 他尽力维护他的名誉。 The father bought a dog to protect the children from unfriendly strangers.

那位父亲买了一条狗保护孩子们避开不友善的陌生人。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)我们必须保卫我们的国家。 We must defend our country . (2)他开始为这一行为辩解。 He began to Defend this behaviour . (3)军队保护人民免遭伤害。 The army defends the people from harm. (4)她在法庭上成功地为自己作了辩护。 She defended herself successfully in court. (5)有什么论点能提出来为这个说法辩护呢? What points can be raised in defence of this argument?

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
(1)我们必须保卫我们的国家。 We must defend our country . (2)他开始为这一行为辩解。 Defend this behaviour He began to . (3)军队保护人民免遭伤害。 The army defends the people from harm. (4)她在法庭上成功地为自己作了辩护。 She defended herself successfully in court. (5)有什么论点能提出来为这个说法辩护呢? What points can be raised in defence of this argument? (6)毫无疑问他们会采取防御措施。 They’ll no doubt take defensive measures .

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
prep. 与……一起,与……同时 Go alongside sth.与某物共存 【词语辨析】

as well as,as well,in addition to,in addition, alongside与besides as well as “和……一样”,通常用来连接两个同等成分; as well “也”,通常用于陈述句句末;in addition to “除 了……之外还有”,后跟代词、名词或动名词;in addition “另外,除……之外”;alongside 和 besides “除 了……(还有)”。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用as well as,as well,in addition to,in addition, alongside 与 besides填空 (1) In addition to English,he has to study a second language. (2)He has to study a second language alongside/besides/as well as English. (3)He has to study English and in addition ,a second language. (4)He has to study English and a second language as well . (5)In this city, traditional beliefs go alongside a modern lifestyle.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

adv.大概,近乎

approximate adj. an approximate value

接近的 近似值

【活学活用】 (1)医院距离车站约有5英里。 The hospital is approximately five miles from the station. (2)我们抵达的时间大约是3点钟。 The approximate time of our arrival is 3 o’clock.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

vt. 使……感到兴奋或激动 n. 兴奋,激动;震颤

be thrilled with/by/at be thrilled to do sth.

因……而感到兴奋 做某事感到兴奋或激动

【例 句】 It was a real thrill to meet the Queen. 能见到女王的确是件令人兴奋的事。 I was thrilled by her beauty. 她的花容月貌让我一见倾心。 The children was thrilled to receive their presents. 孩子们收到他们的礼物兴奋极了。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用thrill的适当形式填空 thrilled (1)The exhibition

all the visitors who came to the gallery. It was a great success. (2)They were thrilled at the news of the victory.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

vt. 归因于;欠(账);欠(人情)

owe…to…
owe sth. to sb./owe sb. sth. owe sb. a favour

把……归因于
欠某人账、情等 欠某人一个人情

owing to

因为,由于;归功于

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)他把成功归功于勤奋工作。 He owes his success to hard work. (2)他还欠他父亲三千美元。 He still owes 3, 000 dollars to his father. (3)由于自然环境,许多人觉得新西兰适合户外运动。 Owing to the natural environment, many people feel that New Zealand is perfect for outdoor activities.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 占用;占有;使忙碌 occupation n. 职业; 占有(房屋等) occupy time/space 占时间/空间 occupy one’s mind/thoughts/attention 占据某人的头脑/思想/注意力 occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth. 从事于(做)某事,忙于(做)某事,专心于(做)某事 be occupied with sth./in doing sth. 从事于(做)某事,忙于(做)某事,专心于(做)某事 under occupation 在占领之下,占领中 by occupation 以……为职业 lose one’s occupation(s) 失业 fixed/regular occupation 固定职业

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)阅读占去了我空闲时间的大部分。 Reading occupies most of my free time. (2) 浴室有人在用。 The bathroom is occupied . (3)她忙于写小说。 is occupied in writing a novel. She (4)他终日从事各种研究计划。 He occupies himself with various research projects.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
(5)奥利佛先生在外交部担任要职。 Mr. Oliver occupies an important position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (6)他的职业是公交车司机。 by occupation He is a bus driver . (7)他因无所事事而感到厌烦。 He was bored for lack of occupation .

(8) 这所房子还没有人住进去。 No one is yet in occupation of the house.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 使满足 adj. (只作表语)满足的,满意的 n. (pl.) 内容,目录;容量,含量 contented adj. with a contented look/smile be content to do sth. be content with content oneself with to one,s hearto,s content 满足的,满意的 带着满意的表情/微笑 乐于做某事 对. . . . . .感到满足,满意 使(某人)自己对. . . . . . 感到满意 心满意足地,尽情地

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)她的回答好像令他满意。 Her answer seemed to content him .

(2)她似乎很满意与他生活在一起。 She seems content to live with him.
(3)他对自己的工作很满意。 He is content with his work. (4)这场戏缺乏实质性内容。 The play lacks content .

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

(5)给我看看你手提箱里的东西。 Show me the contents of your suitcase. (6)这封信的具体内容是不公开的。 The contents of the letter are secret. (7) 你不能只满足于书本知识。 You should not content yourself with book knowledge only.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

v. 妥协, 折中; 危及n.妥协, 折中

compromise with sb. on sth. 与某人就某事达成妥协 compromise one’s reputation 损害某人的名誉 reach/arrive at/come to a compromise 达成妥协 make a compromise with sb. 与某人妥协

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)我希望我们能达成妥协。 I hope we shall come to/reach/arrive at a compromise (2)这所房子的内部装饰是中西两式的折中物。 The interior decoration of the house is Chinese and a compromise between Western styles. (3)她做这事无损她的名誉。 She did it without compromise of her reputation. (4)他拒绝放弃原则。 He refused to compromise his principles. (5) 他们觉得与她妥协更明智。 They found it wiser to compromise with her.

.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 偏爱,爱好,喜爱
have/show a preference for sth. 偏爱某物 give prefer to 给予……优先权 in preference to 优先于 by preference 首先,最好 prefer to do sth. 宁愿做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 宁愿(做)……而不愿(做)…… prefer that… 更愿意……

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)我喜欢靠窗的座位。 A window seat is my preference . (2)我们仅凭个人爱好选择穿着。 We dress simply by preference . (3)父母不应流露出对任何一个孩子的偏心。 Parents should not show preference for any one of their children. (4)上周末她选择去野营而不是在家看电视。 She chose to go camping in preference to watching TV at home last weekend.

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

(5)我喜欢安静的乡村胜过喧闹的城市。 I prefer the quiet countryside to the noisy cities. (6)那么你是宁愿旅居海外了? prefer living So you abroad? (7)此时此刻,他宁愿不去想未来的事情。 At the moment, he preferred not to think future. about the

第28讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
[4]

在……方面丰富

abundance n. a year of abundance be rich/high in be poor in be enough in

丰富,富裕 丰收年 在……方面丰富 在……方面贫乏 在……方面富有

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【例 句】

Our country is poor in water resources. 我们国家的水资源缺乏。 He is rich in English knowledge. 他有丰富的英语知识。 Rainfall is abundant/rich/high in the region. 该地区降雨丰沛。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

这个国家的石油供应非常充足。 The country has abundant supplies of oil.
=The country is abundantly supplied with oil. =This country has an abundance of oil. =The country is abundant in oil.

第28讲 │ 短语储存
坐落于 locate v. 使……坐落于;找到,确定……的位置
location n. 地方;位置;外景拍摄地 be located in/by/near/next to…=be situated in /by/near/next

to… 或be/lie in/by/near/next to…位于/坐落于……/……边上
/……附近 lie in 位于,坐落于(在范围内);在于

lie on 坐落于(不属于,但接壤)lie to 位于(不属于,不接壤)
be in/on/to 位于……

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【例 句】

The company located its branch office in the suburbs. 该公司把它的分公司设在郊区。 The museum is located on Mian Street. 博物馆位于缅街。 The police are trying to locate the missing man. 警方正设法查明那个失踪者的下落。 First, we must decide on the location of our new swimming pool. 我们先得给新游泳池选个地点。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】
(1)他的成功在于他的勤奋。 His success lies in his hard work. (2)安徽位于江苏的西部。 Anhui lies on/is located to the west of Jiangsu.

(3)日本位于中国的东部。 Japan lies to/is located to the east of China.
(4)广东在中国的东南部。 Guangdong lies in/is located in the southeast of China.

第28讲 │ 短语储存
由于 because of thanks to as a consequence of as a result of due to 由于 由于 由于 由于 由于

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】
(1)由于大雾,航班被延误了。 Because of the heavy fog,the flight was delayed.

(2)多亏你的帮助,我妈妈才得以被救。 Thanks to your help,my mother could be saved.
(3)由于你的粗心,我们公司损失巨大。

Due to your carelessness our company suffered
from heavy losses.

第28讲 │ 短语储存

仅次于……(用来表示某事物接近最大或最重要等)

secondhand 二手的 without a second thought 毫不犹豫地 on second thoughts 再三考虑,进一步考虑后 a second visit 再一次参观、拜访等 the second visit 第二次参观、拜访等 second to none 不比任何人差, 首屈一指的 next to 在……后面,跟在……之后 (be) superior to 比……好/强 (be) junior to 比……年轻 (be) senior to 比……年长

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【例 句】

When I asked to borrow some money, she gave me $100 without a second thought.

当我向她借钱时,她毫不犹豫地借给我100美元。 He had intended to go, but on second thoughts, he gave up the idea. 他本来想去,但进一步考虑后,打消了这个念头。 I think that,as a writer, he is second to none. 我认为, 作为一个作家他是最好的。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
My horse came next to last in the race. 我的马在比赛中倒数第二名。 The employee is superior to the former in ability.

这个雇员在能力上比上个强。
He is junior to me by two years. 他比我小两岁。

Bob is two years senior to me.
鲍伯比我大两岁。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)Take it easy. You still have ________ third chance even though you fail for ________ second time. A.a; a B.a; the C.the; the D.the; a (2)In order to find ________ better job, he decided to study ________ second foreign language. A.the; a B.a; a C.the; the D.a; the
【答案】 (1)-(2) BB

第28讲 │ 短语储存
简略形式,缩写,简称
shorthanded adj. 人手不足的 shortcoming n. 缺点,缺陷 shorten vt. 缩短, (使)变短 be short for 是……的缩写形式 in the short/long term 从短期、长远的角度看 in short 总之,简而言之 to be short 简单地说,简言之 sth. be in short 某物不够,缺乏某物 in short supply 不充裕,供应不足 out/short of breath 喘不过气来 short cut 近路,捷径; 更快,更有效等的办事方法 (be/go) short of sth. 某物不够,缺乏某物 a shortage of (sth.) 缺乏(某物) food/fuel/housing shortage 食品/燃料/库房短缺

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars, and this ________ creates further problems. A.in short B.in case C. in doubt D.in turn (2)I’m afraid I’m a little short ________ money this month. A.for B.in C.of D.with
【答案】 (1)-(2) DC

第28讲 │ 短语储存

迎合,满足 cater for 提供饮食;满足……的需要

meet/satisfy one’s need/requirement

满足某人的需求

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)为了迎合老板,老板叫他干什么他就干什么。 In order to cater to his boss , he did what the boss told him to. (2)那些报纸迎合低级趣味。 Those newspapers cater to the lowest tastes. (3) 我们的报纸尽量反映各种不同的意见。 Our newspapers try to cater for all opinions. (4) 本店也承办婚礼及宴会酒席。 We also cater for weddings and parties. (5) 现在一些大超市提供游戏室以满足孩子们的要求。 Nowadays, some large supermarkets provide playrooms to satisfy children’s need .

第28讲 │ 短语储存

储蓄;忽视,不管 lay…aside 搁置;储蓄钱等 set sth. aside 储蓄;节省;忽视 (要求、感受等)

stand aside 靠边,让位,站开,避开,站到一边
step aside/down 让位,辞职 aside from 除……以外

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用以上方框中的词语填空 (1)She’s trying to lay something aside(=save some money) for her retirement. (2) Stand aside , please, so the doctor can get through. (3)The judge set aside the decision of the lower court. (4)If he wishes to be captain, I am ready to step aside . (5) Aside from their house in London,they also have a villa in Spain. (6)He tries to put some time asideevery evening to read to the kids. (7)Can we put that question aside for now, and come back to it later?

第28讲 │ 短语储存

填写(文件);膨胀,扩张 fill in for sb fill in 填空 代替某人

fill…with… 用……把……装满
be filled with 装满,充满 fill up 填补;淤积;装满

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)她的两颊变得丰满了。 Her cheeks have filled out . (2)请填写表格。 fill out the form, please. (3) 他已给油箱装满了汽油。 He has filled up the tank with gas. (4)沟渠为泥所淤塞。 The ditch filled up with mud. (5) 在空格里填上适当的字。 Filled in the blanks with suitable words. (6)史蒂夫病了,你能代替他吗? Steve is ill. Can you fill in for him?

第28讲 │ 短语储存

一定,必定,注定 be doomed to sth. 注定某事

be sure to do sth. 一定做某事

be likely to do sth. 可能做某事

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) 他必定会觉察到你的错误。 He is bound to notice your mistake. (2) 新的体系引进后,必定会有些变化。 There are bound to be changes when the new system is introduced. (3)你已经做了这么多工作,你一定能通过考试。 You’ve done so much work,you are bound to pass the exam. (4) 任何要使历史倒退的企图都是注定要失败的。 Any attempt to set back the wheel of history is doomed to failure . (5) 今年秋天,约翰可能在伦敦。 John is likely to be in London this autumn.

第28讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
[6]

1.Montreal,a port in the Province of Quebec, is the second largest city in Canada, and also the second largest Frenchspeaking city in the world,Paris being the largest.

蒙特利尔,魁北克省的一个港口,是加拿大的第二大城市,
也是世界上第二大讲法语的城市,巴黎是最大的。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【句型解读】 Paris being the largest是独立主格结构,相当于and Paris is the largest。独立主格结构,又叫独立结构(absolute construction),它在句法上游离于句子主体之外,跟主句没有 任何句法联系;但在意义上却与主句紧密联系在一起,共同

构成一个完整的语言环境。独立主格结构没有主语和谓语,
只有逻辑上的主语,因此,它在句法上不是句子,而是一个 独立于句子成分之外的独特的结构形式。独立主格结构可置

于句首、句尾,用逗号与主句隔开。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】
独立主格结构 n./pron.+doing n./pron.+ (having been) done n./pron.+to do n./pron.+adj.

(1)独立主格结构的构成形式与用法:
逻辑主语与其后 部分之间的关系 主动关系 已经发生的 被动关系 将来发生的 被动关系 主谓关系 例句

River rising, they had to left for safety.
All the work (having been) done, they went for lunch. Much work to do, they had to work for extra hours. He entered the room, his nose with red.

n./pron.+adv. n./pron.+ prep.+n. There being+n.

主谓关系
主谓关系 主谓关系

He was lying in bed, light on.
He walked in, cane in hand. There being no bus, I had to walk home.

第28讲 │ 句型透视
(2)独立主格在句中通常充当以下状语成分 ①伴随状语(方式状语):相当于一个并列句。如: He was watching TV, his mouth half open. 他正在看电视,嘴半张开着。 He fell to the ground, blood coming down his nose. 他跌倒在地上,血从鼻子里流了出来。 The policeman entered the dark room, gun in hand. 警察进入了暗室,手里拿着枪。 ②时间状语:相当于一个时间状语从句。如: Meeting over, everyone tried to do something for the project. 会议结束的时候,每个人都设法为这个项目做点儿什么。 Spring coming, the flowers are coming out. 春天来了,花开了。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
③原因状语:相当于一个原因状语从句。如: John (being) away, Tom had to do the work on his own. 因为约 翰离开了,所以汤姆必须一个人做这项工作。 It being dark, they had to walk with the torches on. 天黑了,他们得开着手电筒走。 There being no bus, they had no choice but to take a taxi. 因为 没有公交车了,所以他们别无选择只得坐出租车。 ④条件状语:相当于一个条件状语从句。如: Weather permitting, we’ll have a picnic this Sunday. 天气允许的话,我们星期天去野炊。 Enough time given, we’ll do the job better. 时间充分的话,我们会把工作做得更好。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
(3)独立主格结构与定语从句的辨别 定语从句是一个句子,而独立主格结构不是句子,因为 它无谓语动词,故区分它们的关键是看句中是否有谓语动词。 若为独立主格结构,不用关系代词而用人称代词或指示代词。 如: 学校不远处有一个花园,它的主人每天下午都坐在里面 和他的小孙子下棋。 ①Not far from the school there was a garden, its owner seated in it playing chess with his little grandson every afternoon. (逗号不能并列两个句子,故逗号后面部分是独立 主格结构,其中的its owner与seated是被动关系)

第28讲 │ 句型透视
②Not far from the school there was a garden, whose

owner was seated in it playing chess with his little grandson
every afternoon. (whose引导非限制性定语从句修饰 garden) (4)独立主格结构与并列句的辨别

并列句之间有and, or, but, so等并列连词或分号,而独立主格
结构与句子之间无并列连词,而是用逗号并列。如: 有五个人荣获了“中国绿色人物奖”,这个奖项是颁给那些为 环境保护作出贡献的普通人的。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
①Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a
title given to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. (逗号后面部分为独立主格结构,a title与given是被动关系) ② Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, and the title was given to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. (连词and并列两个 分句)

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】
(1)The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons ________ for the day. A.finishing C.had finished B.finished D.were finished

(2)All flights ________ because of the snowstorm, many
passengers could do nothing but take the train. A.had been canceled B.have been canceled

C.having been canceled

D.being canceled

第28讲 │ 短语储存
(3)________ a cold day, John decided to go skating. A.Being C.It being B.Having been D.As it being

(4)There ________ to do, we went home.

A.was nothing
C.having nothing

B.is nothing
D.being nothing

【答案】 (1)-(2) BCCD

第28讲 │ 短语储存
2.So,while a high percentage of Australians may be people who watch sports rather than do them,as far as most of

its population is concerned, it is indeed a great sporting
nation!所以,虽然很大一部分澳大利亚人只是观看体育 比赛,而不直接参与,但就其人口主体而言,澳大利亚

的确是一个体育大国。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【句型解读】 句中while 表示让步,通常置于句首,意思是“尽管,虽然”。 如: While I agree with your reasons,I can’t allow it. 尽管我同意你的理由,但我不允许你这样做。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【相关拓展】 while 的其他用法: (1)引导时间状语从句, 意思是“当……的时候, 和……同时”,从句中的谓语通常是延续性动词。如: While she was listening to Jay Chou’s songs,she fell

asleep.
她听着周杰伦的歌睡着了。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
(2)表示对比或转折, 意思是“而,然而”,while 一般位 于句中。如: Some students waste food while others haven’t enough. 有的学生浪费粮食,有的却吃不饱。

(3)引导条件状语从句,意思是“只要”。如:
There will be life while there is water and air. 只要有水和空气,就会有生命。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 In some places women are expected to earn money ________
men work at home and raise their children. A.but B.while

C.because
【答案】 B

D.though

第29讲│unit 2 Witnessing time

第29讲 unit 2 Witnessing time

第29讲 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句 [8]
诵美文

你校学生会需招聘一名留学生做英语学习顾问,请你以短文形式写 一则招聘启事。内容主要包括: 1.母语是英语,汉语流利者优先 2.解答英语学习问题,协助组织英语活动 3.每周4小时,报酬面议 4.联系人:李华(Tel:13011223344) 注意:1.词数:100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.启事标语和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 English Advisor Wanted

Payment for the service will be discussed during the interview.

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
English Advisor Wanted The Students’ Union of our school decides to invite an international student to work as an English Study Advisor next term. The main responsibilities of the advisor include helping students to practice their oral English, answering their questions, and helping organize activities such as singing English songs, English evenings, or lectures on interesting topics. The applicant should be a native speaker of English. Fluency in Chinese is preferred. The advisor is expected to work 4 hours per week. If you are interested in this, please call LiHua at 13011223344 for an interview. Payment for the service will be discussed during the interview.

第28讲 │美文佳句
背佳句 1.The Students’ Union of our school decides to invite an international student to work as an English Study Advisor next term. 我校学生会决定邀请一名国际留学 生担任我们下学期的英语学习顾问。 [赏析] 该句是整个招聘启事的中心句。一句话囊括了整 篇启事的内容,大大提高了文章的表达档次和表达效果。 从结构上看,句子还使用了“decide to do sth.”以及 “invite sb. to do sth.”结构。 2.The main responsibilities of the advisor include helping students to practice their oral English, answering their questions, and helping organize activities such as singing

第29讲 │美文佳句
English evenings, or lectures on interesting topics. 该顾问的 主要职责包括帮助学生练习英语口语,回答他们的问题, 并帮助组织如唱英语歌曲,英语晚会,有趣主题的专题讲 座等活动。 [赏析] 该句容量较大,通过include以及such as 两个结构把

该职位的所有的工作和责任囊括在内。 3.If you are interested in this, please call Li Hua at 13011223344 for an interview. 如果你有兴趣,请致电 13011223344联系李华申请面试。 [赏析] 该句是类似招聘启事的万能结束语,即:if引导的条 件状语从句+祈使句结构。

第29讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1.The plane was then flying at an altitude of 8,000 feet. 2.Tom is a man of great enterprise (事业心). 3.He took part in the competition for the glory (荣誉) of the school. 4.Distributing food among the homeless was an act of m ercy . 5.He was fined for breaking traffic r egulations . 6.There was a terrible explosion (爆炸) at the chemical plant.
[8]

第29讲 │ 课前热身
7.Constant f riction wore out the heels of my shoes. 8.I wonder if this picture can be restored (修复). 9.The new school is still under c onstruction . 10.Her laughter made it sound more shameful, though unintentionally (无意地). 11.How are you going to furnish (布置) the house?

第29讲 │ 课前热身
12.The price of fruits remains steady (稳定的). 13.The fall of the Berlin Wall s ymbolized the end of the Cold
War between East and West.

14.The government will provide temporaryaccommodation (住
宿) for up to three thousand people. 15.The question of security is high on the agenda (议事日程) for this afternoon’s meeting.

第29讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 汉译英 1.尤其,特别 2.夺取对……的控制权 3.换句话说,换言之 4.被指控犯有……罪 5.判处某人死刑 in particular seize control of in other words be charged with Sentence sb. to death

6.在……方面,从……方面来说
7.在……的名下

in terms of Under the title of

第29讲 │ 课前热身
8.展出,展览 9.对……仁慈 10.作出……的姿态 on display show mercy to/have mercy on… in a gesture to do sth. focal point under the protection of…

11.焦点
12.在……的保护下 13.按时完成

meet the deadline
be unfaithful to give birth to

14.对……不忠
15.生(孩子);产生

第29讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. In particular ,we associate ancient Greek civilization with a the capital city of Athens, the greatest symbol of witch is the Acropolis. 我们尤其将古希腊文明与其都城雅典相联系,而雅典最伟大

的标志就是雅典卫城。
2.A steady cleaning programme must follow in order toprotect the marble from air pollution , as well as from natural things such as plant roots and bird droppings. 接下来必须稳步进行清洁工作,保护大理石不受空气污染 及自然物,如植物根系和鸟类排泄物的破坏。

第29讲 │ 课前热身

3.Of the thirteen tombs, only Changling, Dingling and Zhaoling are open to the public . 十三座陵寝中只有长陵,定陵,昭陵向观众开放。 4. The Qing Tombs are obviously influenced by the Ming

Tombs, especially in terms of architecture and their choice
of site among the mountains and valleys. 清陵明显受到明陵的影响,尤其在建筑风格和山谷间的选址 方面。

第29讲 │ 课前热身
5.While the pace of change in the modern world gets faster and faster,people are becoming more and more aware of the
need of preserving the world’s heritage. 随着当今世界发展变化的步伐日益加快,人们也愈来愈意识 到保护世界遗产的必要性。 6. No one has had a greater impact on Western civilization than the ancient Greeks. 在对西方文明的影响方面,没有人能够和古希腊人相比。

第29讲 │ 课前热身
7.The Western or Roman alphabet is a Greek invention, as is the marathon,which is a long distance race… 西方字母表或罗马字母表就是希腊人的发明,正如马拉松赛跑

一样……
8. The Acropolis was constructed in the 5th century BC at a high altitude above the city in honor of Athena,the

goddess of Athens.
雅典卫城海拔高于雅典城,是为了纪念雅典女神雅典娜于公元 前5世纪兴建。

第29讲 │ 课前热身
9.In 1816, these sculptures were transferred to the British

Museum.They are still on display there under the title of“Elgin
Marbles”. at a high altitude 1816年,这些雕塑又被转移到大英博物馆,如今它们仍然在那里 in honor of 展出,冠名为“埃尔金大理石雕”。 10.In a gesture to help preserve history, the Greek government established a committee in 1975 to undertake the complete, professional restoration of the Acropolis. 为保存历史,希腊政府于1975年成立了一个委员会来负责卫城全

面、专业的修复。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
[9]

vt.战胜,击败;使失败,挫败;使无效, 废除 n. 失败,战败,挫折;战胜,击败 defeatism n. defeatist n. 失败主义 失败主义者

defeat sb./one’s plan
suffer a defeat

打败某人/ 挫败某人的计划
遭受挫败

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 defeat, beat与win (1)defeat和beat都可以表示在比赛或竞争中“击败,打败, 战胜”对手,而defeat还可以表示在战争中“击败”敌人。注 意此时defeat和beat都是及物动词,二者的宾语都是表示 人的名词或代词。如: We beat/defeated the other team by ten points.

我们以10分的优势赢了另一个队。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
(2)win既可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词,表示“在……

中获胜,获得”。作及物动词时,它后面常接表示战斗、
辩论、比赛、选举、奖品、奖金等的名词作宾语;当win 后面接表示人的名词或代词作宾语时,win意为“说服,争

取”。口语win sb.around/over表示“把某人争取过来,赢得
某人的支持”。如: Jim beat/defeated Tom by a yard and won(at)the race.吉姆 以一码之胜击败了汤姆,赢得了那场比赛。 I have tried every means to win Jack around/over. 我已经试过用各种方法把杰克争取过来。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 In some places women are expected to earn money ________
men work at home and raise their children. A.but B.while

C.because
【答案】 B

D.though

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
vt.抓住;夺取;逮捕;扣押,查封;掌握,理

解;(疾病)侵袭;(情绪)支配,控制 vi.抓住,捉住;夺取;
利用;(机器等因受压等)卡住,咬住 seizure n. seize on/upon seize up seize control of 没收;占领;(疾病等)侵袭 意识到……而立即加以利用;

突然抓住并利用
(机器)出故障;(交通)堵塞 夺取对……的控制权

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【例 句】

The army seized power in a coup.
军方在突然行动中夺取了政权。 He seized my hand, shook it and said how glad he was to see me. 他抓住我的手,握住并说他见到我是多么的高兴。 If you get the opportunity to study abroad, you should seize it with both hands. 如果有机会出国留学,你一定要全力抓住它。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

He had always wanted to go to London, so he seized on the offer of a free trip. 他一直想去伦敦,所以他抓住这次免费旅行的机会。 The snowstorm was so heavy that the city’s whole transport system seized up. 暴风雪如此厉害以至于使城市交通系统完全瘫痪。 The antigovernment force seized control of the

government.
反政府武装夺取了对政府的控制权。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用seize, accuse, hold或master的适当形式填空 (1)He held her hand and shook it heartily. (2)The enemy seized the town after a violent attack. (3)Is that branch strong enough to hold your weight? (4)He seized the chance of a trip to Singapore. (5)He was seized with a slight attack of fever. (6)He was suddenly seized with panic. (7)We must master the language and use it freely.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
vt.任命,指派 ;约定,指定;安排; 给……提供装备 vi.委派职务 appointment n. 任命,选派;职位,职务;约会,约 定,预约 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职 appoint sb. as/to be… 任命某人为……;把……定为…… appoint sb. to do sth. 任命,指派某人做某事 appoint sth. for sth. 确定或决定某事物 make/fix an appointment with sb. 和某人约会 keep/break the appointment 守约/失约 cancel the appointment 取消约会

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【例 句】

She has been appointed as sales director/to the post of sales director. 她已被任命为销售部经理。 I’ve been appointed to run the overseas section. 我被指派来管理海外的分部。 She wasn’t there at the appointed time. 她并没按指定的时间到那儿。 Can I make an appointment to see the manager? 我可以约见经理吗? The manager won’t see you unless you have an appointment. 除非你跟经理约定了,否则他不愿见你。 We were all pleased about the appointment of John as chairman. 我们都对任命约翰为主席感到满意。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 They ________ him (to be) manager.
A.ordered C.were appointed 【答案】 B B.appointed D.asked

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 痕迹,污点;记号,符号;标记;分数,成绩; 靶子;目标 vt.做记号于,留痕迹于,标明;表示……的特

征;记下,录下;给(试卷等)打分数

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

mark…with…

用……标记……

mark…on…
mark sb./sth. out a trade mark

在某物上做记号
画线标出(某人/某物的形状或位置) 商标

full marks

满分
得高/低/满分

get a high(good)/low(bad)/full mark

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【例 句】

The directions of rural development have been marked out. 农村发展的规划已制定出来了。 The teacher marked the examination papers. 教师给试卷打了分数。 He gained full marks in the examination. 他在考试中得了满分。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)You can see in him the ________ of an educated man.
A.marks C.scores A.marks C.mark 【答案】 (1)-(2) AB B.scars D.remark B.marked D.marking

(2)The box of eggs was ________with “ Care”.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
n.一致的意见(可数名词,常用单数形

式);多数人的意见,舆论 reach a consensus on sth.
by general consensus

在某事上达成一致

根据普遍的意见

a consensus of opinion 意见一致

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 大多数选民的意见是采取这个措施。 Most voters’ consensus was that the measure should be adopted. (2) 如果达成一致了,大家就同心协力一起努力。 If we reach a consensus , we can make concerted efforts. (3) 对于这个问题,我党有普遍的意见。 There is a general consensus in our party on this issue.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
n.一致的意见(可数名词,常用单数形

式);多数人的意见,舆论 reach a consensus on sth.
by general consensus

在某事上达成一致

根据普遍的意见

a consensus of opinion 意见一致

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 大多数选民的意见是采取这个措施。 Most voters’ consensus was that the measure should be adopted. (2) 如果达成一致了,大家就同心协力一起努力。 If we reach a consensus , we can make concerted efforts. (3) 对于这个问题,我党有普遍的意见。 There is a general consensus in our party on this issue.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
adj. 平滑的,光滑的,平坦的;顺利的,平

稳的 vt. 使光滑,使平坦
smooth away 消除(问题);克服(困难)

smooth away differences 消除分歧

make things smooth for sb. 为某人排除困难
have a smooth time smooth the anger smooth the way for 过得快活 平息怒气 为……铺平道路;使…… 顺利完成

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)说明书上写着,这种乳液能使你的皮肤变得柔嫩而光滑。 The instruction says the lotion can make your skin soft and smooth . (2)她用热熨斗把这件连衣裙烫平整。 She smoothed this dress with a hot iron. (3)我们将克服这些困难。 We will smooth away these difficulties. (4) 据说这种美容霜能消除皱纹。 This kind of beauty cream is said to be able to smooth away wrinkles. (5)同样的原则可能有助于流畅的文体。 The same principle may smooth the way for writing.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 撤回, 取回, 撤离, 使撤退; 拉开, 移开; (把存款等)提出; vi. 撤退, 离开

withdraw the accusation 撤回控诉 withdraw a boy from school 把孩子从学校领回 withdraw one’s eyes from 把视线从……移开 withdraw a bill/demand/offer 撤消议案/要求/建议 withdraw a remark 收回发言 withdraw from the competition 从竞争中退出 withdraw one’s hand from the hot stove 把手从热火炉旁缩回 withdraw troops from a place 从某地撤军

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)那位将军决定撤退(他的士兵)。 The general decided to withdraw(his soldiers) (2)他从那家银行取出了自己所有的钱。 He withdrew all his money from the bank. (3) 饭后妇女们退出。 After dinner the ladies withdrew . (4) 他退出比赛。 He withdrew from the race. (5) 军队撤退了。 The army withdrew .



第29讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 发起人,主办者;赞助商 vt. 发起,主办; 赞助 【活学活用】

(1)你一定可以告诉我们这场运动的发起人的名字。 Surely you can tell us the name of the sponsor of the campaign . (2)这场歌唱比赛吸引了许多赞助商。 This singing competition attracted many sponsors . (3)人们仍然不知道是谁主办了这次狂欢节。 Who has sponsored the Carnival is still unknown. (4)那个电视节目是由一家烟草公司赞助的。 The TV programme was sponsored by a tobacco company.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 出土,掘出;发现,找到

【活学活用】 (1)他们挖出了一个埋在那棵树下的盒子。 They unearthed a box buried under the tree.
(2)那名律师找到了一些与此案有关的新证据。 The lawyer unearthed some new evidence concerning the case.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
v. 运送,转送,迁移;(使)(某人)换乘,改乘; (使)(某人)转校、转学;转让(权利、财产等),常与介词to 连用。 【活学活用】

(1)她已被调往另一部门。 She has been transferred to another department. (2) 货物在港口被转移到一艘船上。 At the port the goods were transferred onto a ship. (3) 她父亲把她转到了一所更好的学校。 Her father transferred her to a better school. (4) 几年之内他们就把荒地变成了良田。 Within a few years they had transferred barren wastes into fertile fields.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
(5) 你用热熨斗一烫就把刺绣图样转印到布上。 You transferthe embroidery design from the paper to cloth by pressing it with a warm iron. (6)为了保持这个农场的完整,他将它移交给一个继承人。 To preserve the farm intact, he transferred it to one heir. (7) 公司已迁往西海岸。 The company has transferred to the west coast. (8) 你可先乘地铁然后转乘公共汽车。 You can take the subway and then transfer to a bus. (9)琼斯在1990年转学到一所美国的大学。 Jones transferred to an American college in 1990.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
n.承认,认可,公认;认出,识别 recognize vt. 认出,承认,认可;公认,识别 in recognition of 作为……的报酬 beyond recognition 因面目全非而认不出 【活学活用】 (1) 疾病和年龄使她变得让我们都认不出来了。 Illness and age had changed her beyond recognition .

(2) 新政府还没得到其他国家的承认。 The new government has not yet received recognition froma
a other countries.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) 他是一位年轻作家,正为能得到大家公认而打拼。 He is a young writer struggling for recognition . (4)他得到一张支票作为他服务的报酬。 He was given a cheque in recognition of his services. (5)狗通过人身上的气味来识别人。 Dogs recognize people by their smell. (6)我们认识到我们不得不做出令人不愉快的选择。 Werecognize that this is an unpleasant choice to have to make. (7)他们拒绝承认我们的政府。 They refused to recogniz our government .

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

vt.把……拿回原处,恢复原状;复兴;使(失去的习惯等)

复旧;修复,使复原
restore…to… 使……恢复到(原先的状况, 地位等)

restore one’s beauty/sight/confidence
恢复姿色/视力/信心 restoration n. the restoration of peace 恢复, 还原 恢复和平

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)公司恢复他原来的工作。 The company restored him to his former job.
(2) 军队被招来恢复该地治安。 The army was called in to restore law and orderto the place. (3)军队的任务是恢复社会秩序。 The army’s task was the restoration of public order.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 仁慈, 宽恕, 怜悯

at the mercy of 任由……的摆布 without mercy 毫不留情地, 残忍地 have/take (no) mercy on 对……(不)同情 show mercy to 对……表示怜悯 throw oneself on sb’s mercy 请求某人的宽恕 have sb. at one’s mercy of 使某人任凭……的摆布

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)那条船任由湍急的河流摆布。 The boat was at the mercyof the rapid river. (2)他对囚犯毫不宽容。 He showed little mercy to the prisoner. (3)他们对囚犯毫无怜悯之意。 They had no mercy on their prisoners. (4)黑人以前遭到残忍的虐待。 The blacks used to be treated without mercy . (5)分发食物给无家可归的人是救苦救难的行为。 Distributing food among the homeless was an act of mercy .

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

treasure house treasure hunt

宝藏室 寻宝

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)据说海盗把他们的金银财宝埋藏在这个岛上。 It is said that the pirates buried their treasure on this island. (2)我的秘书是个难得的人才。 My secretary is a real treasure . (3) 我们珍惜我们之间的友谊。 We treasure our friendship . (4)我铭记父亲的遗言。 I treasure up my father’s dying words.

第29讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
[12]

被指控犯有……罪 be accused of be sentenced to get charged in charge of in the charge of take charge of charge for 因……被指控 被宣判…… 充电 负责 由……负责 分管;负责 要价

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【词语辨析】 charge 与 accuse charge,accuse这两个动词都有“指控,控告”的意思。charge 在表示“指控”时,仍然包含着这个动词的基本含义——使承担 责任或任务,同时强调被指控者的过错相当严重;accuse通常 表示直接而严厉地指出某人的过错。这两个词的常用搭配是 accuse sb. of doing sth.和charge sb. with… 如: I won’t charge you this time,but you’d better not do it again! 这次我不会指控你,但是希望你下次不要再做了! His neighbour accused him of playing the musical instrument too loudly. 他的邻居指控他玩乐器的声音太大。

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用以上方框中词语的适当形式填空 (1)He was accused/charged of robbing the bank. (2)Mary was sentenced to death. (3)Mr. Wang will be in charge of our class. (4)You will take charge of the library. (5)The assistant charged 500 yuan for the clothes.

第29讲 │ 短语储存

掌控;夺取对……的控制权 have/hold control of 控制着…… out of control 失去控制,无法控制 under control 在掌控中 in control of 掌管,管理,控制 under the control of 在……控制下 lose control of 失去对……的控制 bring/get…under control 控制住、抑制住……

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)在对其政治对手各个击破之后,他终于掌控了议会。
By defeating his political opponents one by one,he seized control of the parliament at last.

(2)比赛后发生了一些暴力事件,但现在警方已控制了局势。
There has been some violence after the match,but the police are now in control of he situation.

(3)该城现处于敌军的控制下。 The city was under the control of enemy forces.

第29讲 │ 短语储存
(4)民主党很可能失去对国会的控制。 The Democrats will probably lose control of Congress. (5)这些孩子自他们的父亲离开后就无法无天了。 The children are completely out of control since their father

left.
(6)两个小时后终于将火控制住了。 It took two hours to bring the fire under control .

第29讲 │ 短语储存

为了…… gesture n. make a gesture of despair as a gesture of… make a…gesture towards… speak by gesture gesture to/for sb. to do sth. 姿态, 手势; 举止 作出绝望的样子 作为……的姿态 对……作出……的姿态 以手势表达 做手势让某人做某事

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)为了在天黑前到达,我们很早就动身了。 We started early in a gesture to arrive before dark. (2)他举起双手表示绝望。 He raised his hands in a gesture of despair . (3)我们为新同事举办了一个聚会,以示友善。 We held a party for our new colleagues as a gesture of friendship . (4)政府顺应民意作出姿态。 The government made a gesture towards public opinion. (5) 她做手势叫他们进来。 She gestured for them to come in.

第29讲 │ 短语储存

在……方面,就……而言,从……角度; 谈及……

come to terms with 向……妥协 in the long/short terms 从长远/短期而言 on one’s terms 依照某人的条件 be on good/friendly terms with sb. 与某人相处很好 chemical terms 化学术语

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)无论从数量上还是质量上看,那一年对于电影来说都不 是个好年景。 It was a bad year for films, in terms of both quantity and quality. (2) 你应该从投资的角度来考虑那件事。 You should think of it in terms of an investment. (3) 在金融方面,我一无所知。 I know nothing in financial terms . (4) 他最后还是与那家公司达成了协议。 He’d finally come to terms with that company. (5)我们与邻居和睦相处。 We are on good terms with our neighbors.

第29讲 │ 短语储存

按时完成;赶上截止时间 Deadline n.截止期限 Miss the deadline 未按时完成;未赶上截止时间

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)恐怕我赶不上申请的截止时间了。 I am afraid that I cannot meet the deadline for application. (2)要是到期完不成工作,老板就要炒你鱿鱼。 The boss will fire you if you miss the deadline for the job. (3) 申请于下星期五截止。 The deadline for making an application is next Friday.

第29讲 │ 短语储存

主要部分,必要部分
do one’s part 尽自己的一份力量 for one’s part 对某人来说 in part=partly 在一定程度上 on the part of sb./on sb.’s part 就某人而言;代表某人 play a part (in…) 扮演角色;起作用 take part in 参与,参加

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)接待来宾是秘书工作的重要部分。 Receptions are part and parcel of a secretary’s job. (2)工厂方面遵守了协议。 The agreement has been kept on the part of the factory. (3) 从某种程度上来说,这是我自己的错。 This is, in part , my own mistake. (4)他马上就会看到演独角戏不如搭班子好。 He’ll soon realize that it’s better to play a part in a big show than try to run a oneman show.

第29讲 │ 短语储存

在……名下;冠以……名
the name of by the name of under the umbrella of under the protection under the guidance/direction of under the leadership of 以……的名义 名叫…… 在……的庇护下 在……的保护下 在……的指导下 在……的领导下

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)他的第三个剧本用《网》作为书名出版。 His third play appeared under the title of “The Web”. (2)看在上帝的份上,别干了! Stop doing that, in the name of God! (3)一个名叫大卫的男孩刚刚来电话向你问好。 A boy by the name of David has just called to say hello to you. (4)那些小国在超级大国的庇护之下。 Those small states are under the umbrella of the super power. (5) 他现在正在格林教授的指导下学习。 He is now studying under the guidance of Professor Green.

第29讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
[14]

The Western or Roman alphabet is a Greek invention, as is the marathon, which is a long distance race named for a Greek messenger who ran from Marathon to Athens to report a victory at the battle of Marathon in 490 BC. 西方字母表或罗马 字母表就是希腊人的发明,正如马拉松赛跑一样。马拉松赛 跑是一项长跑比赛,是为纪念一位希腊信使而命名的。公元 前490年,他从马拉松一直跑到雅典去报告马拉松战役的胜利。

句型公式
as + be或do +主语

第29讲 │ 句型透视
【句型解读】 as is the marathon是一个非限制性定语从句,as是关系代词。

【例

句】

The film is so boring,as is its music. 这部电影很乏味,其音乐也是如此。 He’s a doctor, as was his wife before she had children. 他是医生,他妻子生儿育女之前也当过医生。

第29讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)________ is known to us all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. A.What B.It C.Which D.As (2)________ is known to us all that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. A.Which B.It C.What D.As (3)________ is known to us all, the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. A.It B.What C.As D.Which 【答案】 (1)-(3) ABC

第30讲│unit 3 The meaning of colour

第30讲

unit 3 The meaning of colour

第30讲 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句 [15]
诵美文

上个星期天你到同学家参加聚会,根据下图提示,用英语写一篇日记。

注意:词数:120左右,开头已经写好,不计入总词数。 November 21, Saturday, sunny

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
November 21, Saturday, sunny Today I went to my classmate’s for a party. We were enjoying ourselves when a cry came from the kitchen. We rushed there to see what happened. When my classmate was cooking,a pan of burning oil caught fire. Luckily, her burn was not serious. I happened to have learnt how to do first aid. So immediately I put her hand under the running water for several minutes and put a clean handkerchief over the area of the burn. Later the doctor came and praised me. He said it was necessary for us to know something about first aid.

第30讲 │美文佳句
背佳句 1.We were enjoying ourselves when a cry came from the kitchen. 我们正玩得开心,突然从厨房里传出了一声尖叫。 [赏析] 此处使用了sb be doing…when…“某人正在做某 事,突然这时候……”句型,用过去进行时描述了当时的 情景。 2.Luckily, her burn was not serious. 庆幸的是她伤得不重。 [赏析] 该句中It作形式主语,真正的主语是后面that引导 的从句。 3.He said it was necessary for us to know something about first aid. 他说对于我们来说懂一点急救知识是必要的。 [赏析] 从句中使用了it is necessary for sb. to do sth.。意为 “对于某人来说有必要做某事”。

第30讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身 [15]
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1.Nowadays clothes sewn by hand are more expensive than those by machine. 2.The motto of the Olympics is “Faster, Higher, Stronger.” 3.She is always o utspoken in her remarks, not in a roundabout way. 4.I won’t t olerate such behavior in this way. 5.He is a man of high i ntelligence , so he can deal with it easily.

第30讲 │ 课前热身
6.There is growing unrest (动荡局面) throughout the country: protests, strikes, quarrels and even fights. 7.Kids have a natural sense of justice (公正). They have the ability to judge what is fair and what is unfair. 8.Although she was not a professional politician, her views were influential (有影响力的) in shaping government policy. 9.Many people think that this defence project is simply a waste of taxpayer (纳税人)money. 10.The test scores are usually symbolic(象征的) of how hard a

student has been working.

第30讲 │ 课前热身

11.Jack is an artist. He thinks painting helps fill a spiritual (精

神上的) need for beauty. 12.It was very considerate (体贴的) of you to let us know you were going to be late. 13.Colour is a medium for expressing different feelings but the meaning depends on the society. 14.In some cases, white is also a r epresentation of holiness. 15.In some other cases, white h ighhlights all that is bad in human nature.

第30讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 汉译英 1.从革命中诞生

be born from revolution fight for freedom
have a say resign oneself to the origin of country

2.为自由而战
3.有发言权 4.听任……

5.一个国家的起源
6.追溯到…… 7.穿越全国 8.一个独立国家

the origin of a country date back to go through the whole country

第30讲 │ 课前热身
a unique identity 9.独特身份 10.死于饥饿 11.根本性变化 12.清除社会不平等 13.对……不满 14.与……有联系 15.与……相符,与……一致 die of starvation fundamental changes

rid society of inequality
be unhappy with have a link with correspond to for instance

16.例如

第30讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.The thirteen stripes are to remind people of the original thirteen states that joined together to fight for independence a from Britain.

十三道条纹是为了纪念为摆脱英国统治而联合起来进行独
successful in ridding society of 2.The French Revolution was a inequality, which had a great effect onmany other countries. 法国大革命成功清除了社会的不平等,这对其他许多国家 影响甚大。 立斗争的最初的十三个州。

第30讲 │ 课前热身
3.They refused to resign themselves to this status, so they started a revolution. 他们拒绝屈从于这种状况,于是他们发动了一场革命。 4. While it is generally true to say that humans like colour, our choices are not necessarily random. 虽然通常来说人类喜欢颜色,但我们对色彩的选择却不一定 是随意的。 5.Usually associated with positive meanings strongly connected to life. 绿色通常与积极的意思相关,它极大地与生命有关联。

, green is most

第30讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛 [16]

n.独立,自主,自立 depend vi. dependent adj.

依靠的,依赖的
依靠的

depend on=be dependent on

依靠,依赖 Live a life of independence=live an imdependent life 过独立的生活

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)When a boy leaves college and begins to earn money he can live a life of independence. 男孩子大学毕业开始赚钱时,便可独立生活了。 (2)The country attained its independence in 1972. 这个国家在1972年获得了独立。 (3)The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.

政府在独立的问题上采取了毫不妥协的态度。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 认出,识别,鉴定;确认;身份证明;身份证;有关联 identify vt.
identify n. 鉴定,验明,识别,鉴别 同一性;身份

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)凭指纹确认罪犯。 Criminals are identified by their fingerprints.

(2) 我用驾驶执照作为身份证明。 I used my driver’s license as identification

.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

vi.符合;协调;通信;相当于,等于;对应
correspondence n. correspond to correspond with correspondence between…and… 通信, 信件; 相符 与……一致,与……相称 和……有通信往来,与……相称 ……和……之间的联系

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 我省下的钱基本上能够满足我学习的费用。 corresponds roughly to The money I’ve saved the amount

I need for my course. (2)我们相互联系已经好多年了,但是事实上我从未见过他。 We’ve corresponded with each other for years but I’ve never actually met him. (3) 那天晚上所发生的事与目击者的叙述并不相符。 The story of what happened that night didn’t correspond with the witness’s version.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
(4)你描述的事故情况与另一位司机讲的不怎么相符。 Your account of the accident has little correspondence with a

the story the other driver told. (5) 在战争爆发之前我一直与他保持通信联系。 I had kept up a correspondence with him until the war broke out.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

vt. 象征, 用符号表现 vi. 作为……的象征, 采用象征;

使用符号

represent/stand for symbol n. symbolic adj.

象征 符号, 记号, 象征 象征的, 符号的

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

在这首诗里,百合花象征着纯洁。 (1)A lily symbolizes purity in this poem. (2)A lily is the symbol of purity in this poem. (3)The symbolic meaning of a lily is purity in this poem.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 代用品, 代替者, 替代品 v. 代替, 替换, 替代

Substitute for=replace/take the place of 代替. . . . . . Substitute A for B=substitute B with /by A 用A代替B

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)教练让史密斯上场,换下了琼斯。 The coach substituted Smith for Jones. (2) 水不是酒的适当代用品。 Water is not a proper substitute for wine. (3) 玛丽病了,劳拉代替她。 Mary is ill and Laura is to substituted her .

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

vt. 容忍,忍受;允许

tolerance n. 宽容; 忍受能力; 容忍 tolerant adj. 容忍的,宽容的 tolerate/bear/stand/put up with ? doing? sth. 容忍? 做? 某事 tolerate sb./sb.’s doing sth. 容忍某人做某事 tolerance of 对……的宽容;对……的忍受能力 be tolerant of 对……容忍的

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 他忍受不住沙漠的酷热。 He could not tolerate the extremes of heat in the desert. (2) 她不是一个能容忍别人玩弄的女子。 She’s not a woman to tolerate being played with. (3)你知道政府对不同政见的宽容吗? Do you know the government’s tolerance of political dissent?

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 结论, 结尾,结束;推论 conclude v. 结束,使结束;下结论 bring sth. to an early conclusion把事情早点了结 bring…to conclusion使……终结 draw a conclusion from由……得出结论 reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion得出结论 in conclusion最后,在结束时 to be concluded 下期完结(用于杂志的连载文章等) to conclude 总而言之, 总之

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)他说了一些有趣的话以结束他的演说。 Heconcluded his speech with some amusing remarks. (2)警察认为他是这桩凶杀案件的罪犯。 The police came to/arrived at the conclusion that he was the criminal of the murder. (3)这本书以大团圆作为结束。 The book concluded with a happy ending. (4)最后,我要感谢你们为我所做的一切。 in conclusion , I’d like to thank you for all you’ve done for me.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 正义, 合法, 公平
be treated with justice 得到公正的待遇 a sense of justice 正义感 bring a person to justice 依法处罚某人 in justice to 为了公平起见

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1) 人人都应受到公平待遇。 All men should be treated with justice . (2) 违法者要受到法律制裁。 Those who break the law are subjected to justice

.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

n. 法则, 原则, 原理

【活学活用】 (1)他是一个有节操的人。 He is a man of high principle . (2)对这事认真些,这是原则问题。 Take this seriously. It is a matter of principle

.

第30讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
[17]

例如(单独使用) instance n.实例,例证 vt.举……为例 like 例如(与宾语连用) for example 例如(单独使用) such as 诸如(与宾语连用) in all instances 在任何情况下 in no instance 在任何情况下都不 in the first instance 最初,首先 in this instance 在这种情况下

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)Wear something simple,for example/instance,a skirt and blouse. 穿简单的衣服,比如说一条裙子和一件衬衫。 (2)This is only one instance out of many.
这不过是许多例子中的一个。

第30讲 │ 短语储存

消除……,去除…… be rid of sb./sth. 摆脱某人/某物 get rid of sb./sth. 除掉、丢弃、摆脱某人/某物 rid sth. of sb./sth. 去除、清除某人/某物上的…… rid oneself of sth. 从……中摆脱 rid oneself of a bad habit 抛弃不良习惯

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)他终于让自己摆脱了经济上的困扰。 He was finally able to rid himself of all financial worries. (2)我的伤风总是不好。 I can’t get rid of this cold. (3)把车卖掉时,我很庆幸终于将它脱手了。 I was glad to be rid of the car when I finally sold it.

第30讲 │ 短语储存
与……有联系,与……有关联
relation n. 相对关系;联系;亲戚 relative adj .相对的,比较的;关于……的,有关的(与to连 用)n.亲人,亲戚,家人 be related to与……有关系 relating to与……有关,关于 A relate(s) to B A与B有联系 promote relations with 促进与……的关系 distant relation 远亲 relative to与……有关

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

用以上方框中词语的适当形式填空 (1)He is related to the prime minister. (2) Relationsbetween the two countries are getting worse. (3)He asked me some questions relative to my plan.

第30讲 │ 短语储存

有发言权 express one’s view发言 have some/no/little say 对……有些/没有/有一点发言权 have a say on/over sth. 表达对某事的看法

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)在经营这家公司方面,你们在座的每一位都可能有发 言权。 All of you here could have a say in the running of the company. (2)依据公平的原则,出席这次会议的每一个人都有发言权。 According to the principle of equality, everyone attending the meeting has a say .

第30讲 │ 短语储存
反对,不赞成; 和……相反 oppose vt. 反对;反抗,抵抗 opposite prep. 在……对面adj. 相反的,对面的adv. 对面地, 对立地n. 对立面, 反面;对立的人或物 opposition n. 反对;反抗 as opposed to 与……对照之下,而非 object to (doing) sth. 反对(做)某事

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)我反对与他人一起外出购物。 I am opposed to going shopping with others. (2) 父亲丝毫不反对这个想法。 Father does not opposed the idea at all. (3) 学生们常讨论一些观点,而不是单纯地抄袭课本。 Students often discuss ideas, as opposed to just copying from books. (4)吃饭的时候我坐在他的对面。 I sat opposite to him during the meal. (5) 我提出了对那个计划的反对意见。 I expressed opposition to that plan. (6) 对受到这样的待遇我表示抗议。 I object to being treated like this.

第30讲 │ 短语储存

听任……,顺从…… resign vt. 听任,顺从;辞去 vi. 辞职, 辞去(职务) resign oneself to one’s fate 听天由命 resign from a job 辞职 resign one’s position 辞去职务 resign office (=leave office)辞职

resign sb./oneself to sb./sth. 把……托交给……

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1) 在他的新公司遭到惨败之后,他变得十分悲伤,都听 天由命了。 After suffering a huge defeat in his new company, he became very sad and resigned himself to his fate. (2)将军辞去了他的职务。 The general resigned his position . (3) 她把孩子交给她妹妹照管。 She resigned her children to the care of her sister. (4) 最简单的做法就是他立即辞职。 The simplest thing is for him to resign at once.

第30讲 │ 短语储存
赤字;负债 tickled pink 非常高兴,欣喜

under colour of 在……的幌子下 off colour (身体)不舒服 a black sheep 害群之马 a black horse 黑马/脱颖而出的人 feel blue 感到不高兴,忧郁 be green with envy 十分妒忌 a green hand 没有经验的人,生手 in the black 赢利,有盈利,盈余

第30讲 │ 短语储存

be black with anger 怒气冲天

be in a black mood 情绪低落 black and blue 遍体鳞伤 black and white 白纸黑字 turn red with anger 因发怒而脸涨红 get out of the red 不再亏空 turn white as a sheet 因害怕而脸色变得惨白

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1) 在他的新公司遭到惨败之后,他变得十分悲伤,都听 天由命了。 After suffering a huge defeat in his new company, he became very sad and resigned himself to his fate. (2)将军辞去了他的职务。 The general resigned his position . (3) 她把孩子交给她妹妹照管。 She resigned her children to the care of her sister. (4) 最简单的做法就是他立即辞职。 The simplest thing is for him to resign at once.

第30讲 │ 短语储存
追溯到……,始于……
date from 始于……,自……至今 bring sth. up to date 使……现代化 make/have a date with sb. 与某人约会 out of date 过时的;废弃的 up to date 直到最近的,新式的

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) 这个城堡是十四世纪建的。 This castle dates back to the 14th century. (2) 你的观念已经过时了。 Your idea has gone out of date .

第30讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视 [19]
1. The thirteen stripes are to remind people of the original thirteen states that joined together to fight for independence from Britain. 十三道条纹是为了纪念为摆 脱英国统治而联合起来进行独立斗争的最初的十三个州。 【句型解读】 句中remind sb. of sth.表示“使某人回忆起过去的事情”,

有时也可以表示“提醒某人注意未发生的事情”;are to remind…是“be+不定式”结构,意为“为了提醒……”。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 “be+不定式”的主要用法有: (1)表示“注定或不可避免要发生某事”。如: The worst is still to come. 最坏的事情注定还是要发生。 (2)表示“指示、命令、要求或禁止”。如: The form is to be filled in and returned within three weeks. 表格必须填写并在三周内上交。 (3)表示“应该”。如: The flowers are to be watered every day. 这些花应该每天浇水。 (4)表示“可能性”。如: He was never to see his wife and family again. 他可能再也见不到妻子和家人了。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
(5) 表示“打算做”,经常用在条件句中。如: If we are to be there on time, we’ll have to hurry up. 我们打算按时赶到那的话,必须得抓紧。 (6)在含有虚拟语气的句子中,were to do sth.表示“现在 或将来不可能发生的事情”;were to have done sth.表示 “本应当做的事而没有做”。如: Even if the sun were to rise in the west, I would never give in. 即使太阳从西边升起,我也决不妥协。 We were to have seen him last Wednesday, but he did not come. 我们本应当在上周三见着他的,但他当时没来。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 In a yard, where a birthday party ________, some members were happily setting the table. A.was to be held B.had been held C.should be held D.was being held 【答案】 A

第30讲 │ 句型透视
2. Typical whitefaced characters are Cao Cao, a

powerful and evil prime minister from the Three Kingdoms Period, and Qin Hui, the treacherous Song Dynasty prime minister, who had Yue Fei, a national hero, put to death. 典型的白脸人物有三国时期有权有势 的奸雄曹操以及宋朝害死民族英雄岳飞的奸臣秦桧。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【句型解读】 句中的a powerful and evil prime minister from the Three

Kingdoms Period作Cao Cao的同位语,the treacherous Song Dynasty prime minister作Qin Hui的同位语。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 两个或两个以上同一层次的语言单位,如果它们所 指相同,句法功能也相同,这种结构叫做同位结构,而后 项是前项的同位语。同位语与本位语通常都具有相同的词 性。名词、代词、数词、动词不定式、动名词、of短语以 及从句等都可以作同位语。如: This is Mr. Zhou, director of our hospital.这是周先生, 我们医院的院长。(名词作同位语) I gave an apple to them each.我给他们每人一个苹果。 (代词作同位语) You may leave it to us two.你可以把它留给我们俩。 (数词作同位语)

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 My most famous relative of all, ________ who really left his mark on America, was Red Sussel, my greatgrandfather. A.one B.the one C.he D.someone

【答案】 B

第30讲 │ 句型透视
3. The exact opposite meaning is found in Egypt, where

yellow symbolizes lost hope because it is the colour of mourning, and where in the Middle Ages, actors wore yellow to show that the character they were playing was dead. 在埃及,其意义则截然相反——黄色在埃及象征 着失去希望,因为黄色是哀悼时所用的颜色;在中世纪 的埃及,演员还穿着黄色的衣服来扮演死者。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【句型解读】 句中where引导的两个从句都是非限制性定语从句。第一个 定语从句中,because引导的从句表示原因;第二个定语从句 中,时间状语in the Middle Ages被提前,动词不定式to show 作目的状语,后接一个that引导的宾语从句。两个where引导 的从句都修饰Egypt。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 where引导的定语从句和状语从句的区别: 在定语从句中,where作关系副词,一般跟在表示地点的先 行词后面;而在状语从句中,where作连接副词,直接修饰 动词。试比较: Bamboo grows best in places where it’s wet and rainy. 竹子在潮湿多雨的地方长得最好。(定语从句) Bamboo grows best where it’s wet and rainy. 竹子在潮湿多雨的地方长得最好。(状语从句)

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 —Do you have anything to say to yourselves? —Yes, there’s one point ________ we must insist on. 【答案】D

第31讲 │ Unit 4

Behind beliefs

第31讲 Unit 4 Behind beliefs

第31讲 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句 [20]
诵美文

你们班会的讨论主题是“上大学是高中生唯一的出路吗? ”请你根据下面图表及汉语提示,写一篇短文,并阐述你 个人的观点。 1.词数:100。 2.开头语已为你写好(不计入总词数)。 参考要点: 1.增长学识,提高素养,利于择业。 2.成功的路不止一条。 3.学费高,就业难。 参考词汇:tuition n. 学费 qualities n. 素养

第31讲 │ 美文佳句

We had a discussion about

第31讲 │ 美文佳句
Is It the Only Way Out to Go to College? We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. Views vary from person to person. The majority/Sixty percent of us consider it very necessary to go to college. They think it can widen their knowledge and improve their qualities. Only in this way canthey find better jobs after graduation. Very few students/Ten percent of the students think it no use going to college, because the tuition is too high for their family to afford. What’s more, it’s rather hard for college graduates to seek satisfactory jobs. Thirty percent of the students, however, believe “All roads lead to Rome”. Therefore it doesn’t make any difference whether they go to college or not. In my opinion, we can receive a better education at college so that we can serve our motherland.

第31讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1.We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. 我们就上大学是否是高 中生的唯一出路举行了一次讨论。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个whether引导的名词性从句作介词 about的宾语。 2.The majority/Sixty percent of us consider it very necessary to go to college. 大多数(60%)学生认为上大学很有必要。 [赏析] 该句使用了“consider+宾语+宾补”结构;it是 形 式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的动词不定式。

第31讲 │ 美文佳句

3.Only in this way can they find better jobs after graduation. 只有用这种方法,他们毕业后才能找到较 好的工作。 [赏析] 该句是only+方式状语开头的部分倒装句。 4.Thirty percent of the students, however, believe “All roads lead to Rome”.然而,30%的学生认为“条条 大 道通罗马”。 [赏析] 该句引用了一句英语谚语,得体地表达出了自 己的观点,又提高了表达的效果。

第31讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身 [20] Ⅰ. 单词拼写
1.While listening to the terrible story, I felt my facial expression (表情) beginning to change. 2.All the mistakes in my English composition had been underlined (加下划线) in red ink by my teacher. 3.Don’t worry. There are two straightforward (直截了当的) ways of achieving this result. 4.The instructions for this clever method are given frequently (频繁地) and are easy to understand. 5.The president went abroad for a friendly visit, accompanied by his interprester (译员).

第31讲 │ 课前热身
6.Why you let her talk you into doing such a foolish thing is beyond mycomprehension (理解力). 7.Increased speed of communication(通讯) means that people can act much more quickly and work more efficiently. 8.Now I find that the level of competence (能力) among hospital staff is not as high as expected. 9.He was rather vague (含糊的) about the reasons why he was so late for class this morning. 10.Building inspectors should have a thorough (完全的) knowledge of construction materials, otherwise, quality problems will come up in some buildings.

第31讲 │ 课前热身
11.Being an e ducator or a parent, I can not claim to be an expert. 12.My teacher had instructed me what to say when questioned. 13.If you m ultiply ten by seven you will get seventy. 14.After working in the prison service, he joined the defence forces before becoming an intelligence a gent . 15.He got down on his knees and began to p ray to God for help.

第31讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 汉译英 1.换句话说 2.很多,大量 3.相当一部分的 4.用希伯来语 in other words a number of quite a few of in Hebrew

lose their original meanings 5.失去原意 be meant to do 6.(照规矩)得做 7.与……有含糊或松散的联系 have only a vague or loose connection to… 8.有着直截了当而清晰的意义 have straight forward and clear meanings

第31讲 │ 课前热身
9.不为人知的弱点

a hidden weakness one wellknown example waste one’s time and money
lead a life of luxury mend one’s ways be referred as throw away

10.一个人所共知的例子
11.虚度光阴,挥霍金钱 12.过着奢华的生活 13.改过自新 14.常常被说成 15.扔掉

第31讲 │ 课前热身
16.提升到较高的水平 develop a high level of competence translate…into… 17.将……译成…… 18.磨光,擦亮;提高,改进 polish up over time 19.经过一段时间 centre around 20.以……为中心,围绕

第31讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.The son had left home to waste his time and mondy leading a life of luxury ,but later mended his ways and came home. 儿子离家虚度光阴,挥霍金钱,过着奢华的生活,但后来 改过自新,迷途知返。 2.For instance, children are often referred to as the “apple of their parents’ eye”. 例如,孩子常被父母称作掌上明珠。 3.If you already have a good understanding of English and want to polish up and sharpen your language skills, studying idioms can be a good way to do so. 如果你已经对英语有了很好的理解,而想提高和改进你的 语言技能,学习成语可能是这样做的一个很好的方法。

第31讲 │ 课前热身
4.This is the man Father Christmas 这个人就是圣诞老人的原型。 is based on .

5.The White Horse Temple is important to Chinese people and history, and as such , it is one of the first historic buildings that the government listed to receive special state protection . 白马寺对于中国人民和中国历史来说具有重要的意义,正因为 如此,它是政府列为第一批国家级文物保护单位之一。 6.It comes from a story in the Bible, where a son returned to

his family after being gone for a very long time. 这个习语来自于《圣经》中一个儿子离家很久后回家的故事。

第31讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
[21]

n. 表达;表示(+of);表情,脸色; 表现力;措辞,词语;(数)式;符号 express vi. 表达 n.快车;快递服务 by the shoe leather express乘11号快车(意指“用两条腿 走”) limited express (一种豪华舒适、收费高昂的)特别快车 express oneself 表达自己的思想(感情,意见等) express sth. to sb. 向某人表达某事 the free expression of ideas 自由发表意见

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)I sent them flowers as an ________ of thanks. A.express B.expression

C.expressed D.expressing (2)I can’t ________ to you how grateful I am for your help. A.express B.expression C.expressed D.Expressing
【答案】 (1)-(2) BA

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 在……下面划线;强调,着重指出,突出

【活学活用】
(1)The key words are ________. A.underlined B.underline C.underlining D.to underline (2)This example ________ the consequences of bad management. A.underline C.underlining 【答案】 (1)-(2) AB B.underlined D.to underline

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
n. [C]重负,重担;负担,沉重的责 任 vt.烦扰;加负荷于,使载重(+with)

bear the burden and heat of the day吃苦耐劳;完成 责任,burden with使负重担(如债务、捐税等),麻烦 ,burden sb. with sth.=sb. be burdened with sth. 使某人 担负沉重或艰难的任务、职责等

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)The old man bent ________ a heavy bag on his back. A.burden to B.burdened to

C.burdening with D.burdened with (2)The government ________ the nation ________ heavy taxes. A.burden;to B.burdened;to C.burdening;with D.burdened;with
【答案】 (1)-(2) AD

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
vt.承担;忍受,经得起;容许;佩带;拥 有,印有;怀有,生(小孩);开(花);结(果);产(庄稼); 生(利息); n. [C]熊;似熊的动物;鲁莽的人;笨拙的人

can’t bear doing/to do sth. 忍受不了做某事
can’t bear sb. to do sth. 不能忍受或容忍某人做某事 bear/keep sth. in mind 记住

(as) gruff as a bear 粗暴得像一只熊;非常粗鲁
be a bear for 有精力;有能耐,有特殊才能;有兴 趣(做某事);经得起(紧张工作) be a bear for punishment经得起折磨

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 bear,endure与stand bear 更多地适用于承受的能力;endure 尤指长期面对痛 苦、艰难的能力;stand 指精神上坚毅,有决心。 【活学活用】 用bear的适当形式填空 (1)He could not bear that his friends should laugh at him. (2)She bore her sorrow without complaint. (3)She has born five children.

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
adj. 模糊的,含糊的,不明确的,不清楚的

vaguely adv. 不清晰地, 模糊地, 含糊地,茫 然地 vagueness n. 暧昧; 含糊 be vague about 对……不清楚;对……犹豫不决

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)我确实有在许多年前遇到过她的模糊的记忆。 I do have a vague memory of meeting her many years ago. (2)透过薄雾,我只能辨认出一个模糊的人影。 Through the mist I could just make out a vague figure . (3)我阿姨非常糊涂,总是不记得把东西放在什么地方。 My aunt is incredibly yague —she can never remember where she’s left things.

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
vt. 指令,吩咐;教,讲授 instructor n. 教练 instructive adj. 指导性的,说明性的;有教育意义 instruction n. 讲授,指导;用法说明 instruct sb. in sth. 教某人某事 instruct sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

instruct that sb. (should) do sth. 命令某人做某事
as instructed 依照指示 give sb. instructions to do sth. 命令或吩咐某人做某事

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 teach,instruct,educate与train 这些动词都表示“传授知识或技术”。teach 应用最广 泛,指“传授知识或技艺,在训练、培养或工作等方面 给予指导”;instruct 通常指有方法的教育,它的含义很 接近 teach,但较其正式,常着重“对某一学科知识进行 系统教授”;educate 经常暗指正式的教育,但特别强调 导致一般教养的天生能力的发展;train 暗指集中教授专 门技能以使人适合所要求的角色。

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 史密斯先生教我们数学。 Mr. Smith instructs us in maths

. (2) 我方工作人员奉命为您提供一切帮助。 Our staff have been instructed to offer you every assistance. (3) 需要尽更大的努力来教导孩子们道路安全意识。 Greater effort is needed to instruct children in road safety . (4)他们严格地按我的指示把事办了。 They had instruct children in road safety to the letter.

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 情况,情形,境况,形势

in easy/poor circumstances 处于富裕/贫穷境况 under/in the circumstances 在这种情况下 under/in no circumstances 决不,无论如何都不

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)你在任何情况下决不能接近这个人。 under no circumstances should you approach the man. (2) 我想象不出一种我会跟她吵架的情形。 I can’t imagine a circumstance in which I would be quarrelling with her. (3)在这种情况下,这是我们能期待的最好结果。 The result was the best that could be expected under the circumstances .

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 清单,一览表 vt. 列出,列单子

make a list of 列出……的清单 put sb./sth. on the list 将某人或某物列在单子上 take sb./sth. off the list 将某人或某物从单子上除掉 on/at the top of the list 名列第一

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)请把我列入名单中。 Please include me in the list . (2) 这些名字将被列入目录。 These names are to be listed in the catalog. (3) 母亲把她想买的东西列出清单。 Mother listed the items she wanted to buy.

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 能力;胜任,称职

competent adj. be competent at/in sth. be competent as be competent to do sth.

有能力的, 胜任的 在……上有能力 作为……胜任、有能力 胜任做某事

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)这位年轻的医生表现了非凡的能力。 The young doctor showed exceptional competence . (2) 马克证明了自己是一个很能干的经理。 Mark proved to be a very competent manager . (3) 要确保这家公司有能力完成这项工作。 Make sure the firm is competent to carry out the work.

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
n. 祭牲, 祭品; 牺牲, 献祭; 牺 牲的行为 vt. 牺牲, 献出, 献祭 make sacrifices for at a sacrifice of sacrifice…to… 为……作出牺牲 牺牲…… 把……献祭……

第31讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)父母亲常常为子女作出牺牲。 Parents often make sacrifices for their children. (2) 因为他缺钱,他将亏本出售他的房子。 He will sell his house at a sacrifice because he needs money. (3) 我能够为一个动机作出巨大牺牲。 I could sacrifice a great deal for a cause. (4) 他到海外去工作的时候亏本出售了他的汽车。 He sacrificed his car when he went abroad to work.

第31讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存 [23]
把……翻译成…… turn…into… put…into… change…into… 把……变成…… 把……注入…… 把……变成……

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)请把这篇短文翻译成西班牙语。 Please translate the passage into Spanish. (2)你应该把这件衬衫换小一点儿的。 You should change the shirt into the smaller one. (3)我们应该把这篇文章输进电脑。 We should put the article into the computer.

第31讲 │ 短语储存
改过自新 feel one’s way make one’s way wind one’s way push one’s way force one’s way mend a fault lose one’s way get in the way show sb. the way 摸索着前进 排除困难前进 盘旋前进 挤过去 挤出一条路 改正错误 迷路 妨碍 为某人引路

第31讲 │ 短语储存

lead the way 带路 give way to 退让 go/take one’s own way 一意孤行 put it another way 换句话说 make way for 让路,把职位让给

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)过去,他是个惹是生非的人,但现在已经改邪归正了。 In the past,he was a troublemaker,but now he has mended his ways . (2)长城蜿蜒曲折。 The Great Wall winds its way . (3)如果大卫不能改过自新,他将不予毕业。 If David does not mend his way ,he will not be able to graduate. (4)洪水来临时琼斯太太并没有害怕。 Mrs. Jones didn’t give way to fears during the flood. (5)让我换一种说法,教育是进步所必不可少的。 Let me put it another way ; education is essential for progress.

第31讲 │ 短语储存
为了表示对……的敬意 It is an honour to do sth.很荣幸做某事 do the honours履行社交责任,尽主人之谊 honour a (an) contract/agreement 履行合同/协议 in celebration of 庆祝……

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)The Chinese people illuminated every part of the country in celebration of National Day. 中国各地到处灯火辉煌庆祝国庆。 (2)They run up the flag in honour of the victory. 他们升旗庆祝胜利。 (3)The same evening they gave a banquet in honour of the delegation. 同一天晚上他们为代表团举行了宴会。 (4)May I do the honours and introduce you? 我可以尽主人之谊,把你们介绍一下吗?

第31讲 │ 短语储存
在使用中

make use of bring/put…into use come into use go/fall out of use be of use=be useful

利用 启用 开始使用 不再被使用 有用的

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)我们正在充分利用太阳能。 We are making full use of solar energy. (2)这个程序正在使用中。 The programme is in use . (3)这本字典已经不再使用。 The dictionary has gone out of use .

第31讲 │ 短语储存
不久,过一会儿 day by day little by little/step by step one by one side by side piece by piece by and large 一天天 逐渐地 一个一个地 肩并肩 一点点地,逐渐地 大体上,总的说来

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)如果你存钱,不久你将有一大笔存款。 If you save money, by and by you will have a large savings. (2) 总的说来我们的工作是成功的。 By and large our work has been successful. (3) 他随时间逐渐改变。 He has changed year by year and little by little .

第31讲 │ 短语储存

磨光,擦亮;提高,改进

polish
polish off polish the apple

vt.磨光,擦亮;提高,改进 n. 鞋油,去污剂 迅速做完或吃光 讨人欢心,拍马屁

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】
(1)在这篇文章付印以前,请把它修改一下,好吗? Will you polish up this article a bit before we send it to the printer? (2)他用一种特殊的化学物质来擦亮地板。 He polished his floor with a special chemical. (3) 他擦亮了一枚古铜币。 He polished up an old copper coin. (4)如果我想去法国旅游,我需要提高我的法语。 I’ll need to polish up my French if I’m going to France for my holidays. (5)他瞬间就吃完了一盘子鱼。 He polished off a plate of fish in no time at all.

第31讲 │ 短语储存

将……当作重心或中心,集中

concentrate on/upon 全神贯注;专心致志 concentrate sth. on/upon 将某物集中在……上/集中于…… focus on集中在……上

第31讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)讨论集中在减少废物上。 The discussion centered around reducing waste

.

(2) 我累了就无法集中精力工作。 I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m tired.

第31讲 │ 短语储存

代表某人,为了某人的利益 【活学活用】 (1)法定监护人应该维护这个孩子的利益。 The legal guardian must act on behalf of the child. (2) 我代表饥民恳求援助。 I am appealing on behalf of the famine victims.

第31讲 │ 短语储存
除了其他方面,此外;除了……外(还);(原因、因素等的) 其中之一 【活学活用】 (1)除了别的话,他还谈了当前的形势。 He, among other things , talked about the present situation. (2)此外他还得出这样一个结论,认为吃和喝是生产工作。 Among other things he drew the conclusion that eating and drinking are productive occupations.

第31讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视 [24]
1. This idiom comes from a passage in the Bible that say,‘a bird of the air shall carry the voice,and that which hath wings shall tell the matter’. 这个习语来自《圣经》上的一 段话,原文是这样的:“因为空中的鸟必传扬这声音,有 翅膀的也必述说这事”。 【句型解读】 句中的情态动词shall用于第三人称,意为“必定”。

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 (1)shall 用于第二、三人称的陈述句中,表示威胁、警告、 命令、允诺、规定、决心等。如: You shall have an answer by tomorrow. 到明天你可以得到答复。 He shall have a bicycle for his birthday. 他可以得到一辆自行车作为生日礼物。 She shall not enter my house again. 她不得再进我家。 (2)在问句中,征询对方的建议、要求、给予指示和征求 意见,主要用于第一、三人称表示“……好吗?”, “要 不要……?” 如: Shall I carry your bag?我帮你拿手提包,好吗? Shall he come to see you?要不要他来看你?

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 “Dear, if you listen to me, you ________ have some candies as a reward,” the woman told her little son. A.shall B.do C.should D.must

【答案】 A

第31讲 │ 句型透视
2.The White Horse Temple is important to Chinese people and history,and as such,it is one of the first historic buildings that the government listed to receive special state protection. 白马寺对于中国人民和中国历史来说具 有重要的意义,正因为如此,它是政府列为第一批国家 级文物保护单位之一。

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【句型解读】 as such意为“正因为如此,照此,像这样,就这一点而 论;以那个资格(身份)”。如: I can’t call my book a best?seller as such but it’s very popular. 我不敢说我的书是畅销书,但可以说很受欢迎。 —Well,did they offer the job to you? —No,not as such,but they said I had a good chance. “那么,他们把工作给你了?” “不,不是这样,可他们说我有希望。”

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 Wealth, as such (就其本身而言), doesn’t matter. 3.It comes from a story in the Bible, where a son returned to his family after being gone for a very long time. 这个习语来自于《圣经》中一个儿子离家很久 后回家的故事。 【句型解读】 句中关系副词 where引导一个非限制性定语从句,修饰先 行词the Bible,但具有引申意义。

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 能这样用的词常见的有system,point,situation,state, case , job 等,这样的词后面跟定语从句时,从句的引导 词用where,通常具有引申意义。 【活学活用】

After graduation I’d like to find a job ________ I can use what I have learnt at school. A.whose B.which C.where D.that 【答案】 C

第31讲 │ 句型透视
4.The message of this idiom is that just as the clay feet was a hidden weakness, people—especially those we greatly admire—also have hidden weaknesses. 这个习语的含义 是,如同泥脚是一种不为人知的弱点一样,人也有不为 人知的弱点,尤其是我们非常钦佩的那些人。 【句型解读】 句中两个破折号用于插入语especially those we greatly admire的前后,起强调或补充的作用。其实将破折号部分 的插入语去掉,句子就很简单。主句是The message of this idiom is…,that引导一个表语从句,表语从句是一个包括 由as引导的方式状语从句的主从复合句,其中people also have hidden weaknesses是主句。

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】

是否正确掌握标点符号,会直接影响对句子结构的分析 与选项的确定。破折号往往用在一个解释性的句子前面, 也可用于一个解释性的插入语的前后,还可表示突然转 折或者总括前面列举的若干项。

第31讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)________ some of the juice—perhaps you’ll like it. A. Trying B.Try C.To try D.Having tried (2)I must be getting fat—I can ________ do my trousers up. A.fairly B.hardly C.nearly D.seldom 【答案】 (1) —(2) BB


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