一、评分原则 1.本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2.评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定 或调整档次，最后综合给分。 3.词数小于 100 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4.评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的 连贯性及语言的得体性。 5.拼写与标点符
号是语言准确性的一个方面。没错误书写 3 个单词从总分中减去 1 分，原则上 不超过 3 分，重复的不计。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。标点符号错误，将视其对交际 的影响程度酌情减分。 6.如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、各档次的给分范围和要求 分数档 文章内容 英语的语法 结构和词汇 第五档 21—25 分 （很好） 覆盖所有内 容要点。 较多 词汇和语法 错误 语句间的衔 接和连贯 完全达到快 乐预期的写 作目的 整体效果
有些许错误， 有 效 使 用 衔 但为尽力使 用复杂结构 或较高词汇 所致； 具备较 强的语言运 用能力 接手段， 全文 结构紧凑。
第四档 16-20 分 （好）
基本准确， 些 许错误主要 因尝试较复 杂结构或词 汇所致。
个次重点， 但 要求。 覆盖所有主 要内容。
的连接成分， 的写作目的。 是的全文结 构紧凑。
第三档 11—15 分
内容， 但覆盖 任务要求。
不影响理解。 的连接成分， 预 期 的 写 作
使得全文内 容连贯。 语法结构单 调， 所用词汇 有错误， 影响 了对写作内 容的理解。 较少使用语 句间的连接 成分， 内容缺 少连贯性。
第二档 6~10 分 （较差）
信息未能清 楚的传达给 读者。
主要内容， 有 有限。 一些无关内 容。
第一档 1~5 分 （差）
明显遗漏主 语法结构单 要内容， 写了 调， 所用词汇 一些无关的 内容， 可能未 理解试题要 求。 有限。
较多错误， 影 响了对写作
内容的理解。 内容不连贯。 [来源:]
高考英语作文高分技巧-逆向思维法 逆向思维法是指为实现某一创新或解决某一因常规思路难以解决的问题，而采取反向思维寻求解决 问题的方法。在做英语书面表达题时，我们亦可借鉴这种方法，从研究高考对书面表达的要求入手，以 及阅卷者的感受，去迎合他们的要求，从而做到有的放矢，以求短时期内取得对书面表达的突破。 我们可以从高考作文的评分标准及阅卷的角度来审视一下对写作的要求， 看看在他们的眼中优秀作文的共同点 有哪些，哪些又是主要的失分点。通过研究高考书面表达卷评分标准，我们可清楚地发现，一篇高分书面表达必 须具有以下特点： 内容要点齐全，清楚地表达了自己的观点并进行了充分合理的论证； 准确性高，描述恰当，时态、人称符合文章要求，语法、句法准确无误，结构严谨，标点、格式、大小写亦 能正确应用； 连贯性好，衔接语使用恰当，全文结构紧凑；
使用了一些较为复杂的词汇，句式，能体现出较强的语言运用能力； 开头、结尾富有特色不落俗套，给人耳目一新的感觉。 通过对高考评分标准的研究，我们可能发现高分作文有着共同的优点。我们在平时就要严格遵循书 面表达的要求，认真训练，积极发现自己的问题并做出有针对性地改进。 【典例 1】 Live in Harmony 当前我国政府和人民正努力把我国建设成一个社会关系和谐的国家，具体到学生而言，大部分学生与 家长成员以及同学关系的处理上总体是好的，但也存在着一些问题，如果容易发火，与同学吵架，不听 从家长和老师的教育等。我校正在调查高三学生与家庭成员和同学老师之间的关系处理情况，你作为高 三学生请把以上的情况向学校反映并提出一些改进的意见。 要点如下：1．目前的实际情况：好的方面和不好的方面； 2．你个人的改进意见。
注意：1．文章的开头已经给出（不计入总词数）； 2．词数：100 左右。 Nowadays the government and people of China are trying to build a country with a harmonious relationship.
【参考范文】 Live in Harmony Nowadays the government and people of China are trying to build a country with a harmonious relationship. Generally speaking, the relationship between us students and our
family members, classmates as well teachers is good. However, there exist some problems. Some students in our grade are easy to lose their temper because of unbearable anxiety and heavy study burden. What’s worse, they sometimes quarrel with others, and even turn a deaf ear to their parents and teachers, which is very disappointing. In my opinion, we middle school students should make our efforts to improve the situation. First, we should respect our parents and teachers as well as our classmates. Second, when we are not feeling good, we can chat with our friends, teachers and parents. It is likely that they can understand us better and give us some reasonable advice. Third, after a day’s hard work, we can relax ourselves by taking some exercise, such as playing basketball, table tennis and so on. The most important is to create a harmonious atmosphere around us in order to realize self-harmony. 专家点评：本篇作者以大见小的写作手法紧密联系实际，清晰的结构，入理的描述，准确的用词，都 说明它是一篇不错的范文。 1) 内容要点齐全。作者巧妙地分析了周围环境的不和谐现象，并且提出创造和谐氛围的途径，富有
见地，富有哲理。作者首先总结出学生与家庭成员以及班级同学在关系处理上总体是好的，但也存在着 一些问题并很自然地引出问题所在，然后话锋一转，提出自己的观点：学生应该如何改变这种状况。作 者在写作中适当增加了细节，使文章内容更为充实，表达更为具体，给读者以清晰的印象。最后用一句 话总括主题：创造和谐氛围，创建和谐校园。整篇文章读起来要点清晰，归纳有序，让读者一目了然。 2) 语言使用准确性高，较好地使用了英语的各种句型，琅琅上口，英语味道浓厚。作为对当前社会
问题的论述，时态的把握特别重要，写作时应以一般现在时为主。另外要能正确地列举事例，有些同学 列举时，容易前后不一致，开始时用 firstly, secondly,后来就变成了 third。还要注意的是标点应用准 确，逗号、句号的使用要恰如其分，使名层次结构清晰，句意明了，有效的避免汉语句式的简单罗列、 词语堆砌。 3) 语言的连贯性强，非常出现地使用了连接词，使全文的结构紧凑，层次清楚，过渡自然。比如使
用了如 however, what’s worse, generally speaking, in my opinion 等连接词，使文章衔接自然、 生动。
从句。As well as, lose their temper, turn a deaf ear to, make our efforts to , chat with, quarrel with, create a harmonious atmosphere 等词组应用及 It is likely that 句型，which is very disappointing 非限制性定语从句，relax ourselves by taking some exercise 中非谓语动词 的使用无不为文章增添了亮点。 书面表达语篇布局： 1．仔细审题，确定体裁。首先要判断作文是记叙文、说明文还是应用文，是图表形式还是提纲形式 是开放式作文还是半开放式作文，并据此选择合适的应对策略。 2．抓住关键信息，梳理文章要点，考生在拿到题并审完题后，应列出提纲，以免遗漏，对需要适当 发挥的地方细心确认，不要离题太远。 3．紧扣所列要点，精心挑合适的词句，列出需用的重点短语和句型，注意行文要适合语境及英语的 表达习惯。 4．利用所列出的词句组句成文，注意句子结构的完整性及语法的准确性，还要选择合适的连接词把 句子联系起来，使上下文行文连贯，成为有机的整体。 5．仔细核对草稿，修正错误，尤其要注意自己经常犯的一些错误，大到人称、时态的选择小到标点、 大小写都要注意。 6．注意卷面，规范誊写，誊写时要写得干净工整，清晰易读，千万不能太潦草，试卷一般不能出横 格，要靠线书写整齐。 第一讲 高考英语作文高分技巧-十句作文法 十句作文法是由有关专家总结出来的一种高分作文方法，考生在经过短期训练之后便可较大幅度地 提高成绩。为此有必要向考生加以介绍，目的是使一些对作文没有把握的考生找到一条可行的解决办 法。 需要指出的是所谓十句作文并非一定 10 句， 从很多考生的高分来分析， 句子数量在 8 句至 12 句(依 句子长短和结构不同而不同)。如以每个句子平均 10—15 个单词计算，便能用 8—12 个句子完成一篇 要求 10—120 的作文。 其基本模式为：
┌─主题句 句 1 第一段─┤ 开头 └─扩展句 句 2
┌─主题句 句 1 第一段─┤ 正文 ├─扩展句 句 2
├─扩展句 句 3 ├─扩展句 句 4 ├─扩展句 句 5 ├─扩展句 句 6 ├─扩展句 句 7 ├─扩展句 句 8 └─扩展句 句 9
第三段 ──结尾句 句 10 结尾 第一段为开头，包括两句。第一句为主题句，必须提出，通过问题点明全文主题；第二句为扩展句，须进 一步说明和支持主题句。或是将关系倒过来，由第一句说明情况，第二句提出问题。 第二段为正文，共七句。第一句(句 3)为主题句，提出本段的主题，它应与第一段的主题相关和一致。 第二句至第七句(句 4 一句 7)为扩展句，说明和支持本段的主题。句与句之间要注意运用好过渡使段落 逻辑合理，结构得当。 第三段为结尾，简化为一句，也是全文的总结句，它将前面内容总结为一结果，表明自己的论点。 三段之间的连接要灵活运用“启、承、转、合”的连接过渡手段。例如： Example 1 Television
Television presents a vivid world in front of us. (1)(主题句)Through TV, we can learn what is happening half way across the world. (2)(扩展句) Television also plays an important educational role in our daily life. (3)(主题句) For one thing, the TV university provides an opportunity for many young men who can not go to formal universities. (4)(扩展句) For another, children can broaden their scope of knowledge by watching such popular programs as "The Animal World", and "The Mickey Mouse and Duck Donald". (5)(扩展句) Besides, women can learn about the latest fashion of dresses and the best recipe for making fruit cakes. (6)(扩展句) Furthermore, we learn many world advanced technologies from TV programs such as computer and telecommunication. (7)(扩展句) And also we can learn singing, dancing and doing physical exercises in some special TV training courses. (8)(扩展句) In short, the effect of TV's educational role is becoming more and more obvious. (9)(扩展句) Having viewed these several aspects, and with many more TV program being produced, I believe that our life will become even more significant. (10)(总结句) 1．本文是一篇典型的十句作文，主题句“Television presents a vivid world in front of us”点明 了文章的主题，其他句子均围绕它进行扩展。扩展句（句 2—9）内容详实，结束句（句 10）总结性和 概括性很强。整篇文章层次清晰，充分体现了十句作文法的特点。 2．较好地使用了大量的连接词，如 for one thing, for another, besides, furthermore, and also 等，另外，in short 的使用也使结论更加清晰，概括更加明了。 3．最后的总结句富有创意，利用分词短语的形式把上下文连贯起来，体现了作者对英文句式的灵活 应用，避免了一般性的概括语，很有特点。 4． 使用了较高级的词汇句型， 不单调， 像宾语从句 （what is happening halfway across the world, our life will become more significant）,宾语从句（who can not go to formal university）,分 词短语 （by watching…， making fruit cakes, having viewed these aspects） 重点短语 for ， （plays
an important educational role, provide…for…），高级单词（present, broaden, scope）和 with 复合结构（with many more TV programs produced）等，这些都极大地提升了文章的档次。 使用十句作文法，首先要仔细审题，确定文章的中心问题。主题句的表达特别重要，然后才能围绕中 心进行扩展，使意图明确。扩展句一定要具体详细，不可太空、太泛，不要对与要求无关的内容进行随 意发挥，更不可为了表现英语水平而写出文不对题的句子，画蛇添足。 Example 2 Changes in People's Diet There have been some changes nowadays in the diet of the Chinese.
There have been some changes nowadays in the diet of the Chinese. (1)(主题句) For example, grain, the main food of most people in China, is now playing a less important role, while the consumption of high-nutrition food such as milk, meat has increased. (2) (扩展句) The changes in diet can be accounted for by a number of factors. (3) (主题句)First, people are much wealthier than before. (4) (扩展句) With a higher income, they can afford
to buy good foods which, in the past, were rarely seen on the dinner tables of ordinary families. (5) (扩展句) Another factor is that people have realized the importance of a balanced diet to their health. (6) (扩展句) Lack of certain amount of meat or milk, for example, will result in poor health. (7) (扩展句) Finally, owing to the economic reform, meat and milk, which were scarce in the past, are produced in large quantities. (8) (扩展 句) For all those reasons, what was formerly called "the basket of vegetables" has become that of varied foods. (9) (扩展句) To sum up, insignificant as those changes may seem, they are the signs of the improved economic condition in China, and we believe that as the effort in the modernization movement continues, there will be greater changes in people's diet in the future. (10) (总 结句) 书面表达应试步骤： 1．审题确定格式、体裁、时态、人称等写作要点。 2．列出提纲，确定开头句、扩展句和总结句，选择好适宜的句型。 3、利用一些关联词或者过渡句把句子有机地连接起来，必要时可适当增加细节。 4、仔细检查，适当修改，保证句子结构完整，要点齐全，人称时态主谓一致。 5．认真誊写，卷面整洁。
英语句子看上去纷繁庞杂，但仔细观察不外乎五个基本句式。这五个基本句式可以演变出多种复杂 的英语句子。换言之，绝大多数英语句子都是由这五个基本句式生成的。这五个基本句式如下 基本句型一： S 十 V 主谓结构 在这个句型中的动词是不及物的行为动词, 不能带宾语. 这种动词表示主语的行为动作, 意义 基本完整, 所以不再需要宾语. 这些动词常见的有：appear, apologize,arrive, come, die, disappear, exist, fall, happen, rise,等等。不及物动词没有被动语态形式. 在这个句型中, 谓语后面有时不再附加任何成分, 而大多数情况下有状语性质的修饰语. 这种修饰语可以由副 词, 介词短语, 不定式短语, 分词短语以及从句等来担任. 例如: 1). Tom 正在等待 _________________________________________________.
2) 小 Tom 正在桌子旁等待_________________________________________________. 3) 他停了下来 _________________________________________________. 4) 他停下来看了一下 _________________________________________________. 5) 小男孩站在那里，行乞 _________________________________________________. 6) 父母已经去世的那个小男孩站在那里行乞 _________________________________________________. 7). 事故是昨天晚上发生的 _________________________________________________. 基本句型二: S 十 V 十 P 主系表结构在本句型中, 由系动词及表语构成表性状的复合谓语, 说明主 语的身份, 特征, 性质, 状态等. 英语中除了最常见的系动词 be 以外, 还有表示感官的连系动词 look, feel, sound, taste, smell 等; 表示变化的连系动词 get, turn, become, grow, fall, come 等; 表示状态的连 系动词 keep, remain, stay, continue, seem 等. 例如: 1）我们是中国人 _________________________________________________. 2）他很像他父亲 _________________________________________________. 3) 我们在任何时候都应该保持谦虚。_________________________________________________. 4). 这种食物尝起来很糟糕。_________________________________________________. 5). 春天到了，天气变得越来越暖和_________________________________________________ 6). 不要吃那种食物，它已经变质了。_________________________________________________. 7). 这个事实证明是正确的。_________________________________________________. 基本句型三: S 十 V 十 O 主谓宾结构 本句型中的及物动词同样也为行为动词, 表明一个具体实在的动作, 但其本身所表示的意义并不完 整, 需要有一个宾语, 才能表达一个完整的概念. 例如: We have a TV set. You may use my pen. I will use hers. He doesn‘t like the first. He likes the third. 这种句型中的动词应为及物动词或者可以后接宾语的动词短语。同时，句子中有时含有与宾语有关 的状语。作宾语的成分常是：名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词或从句。如： 1) 我昨天看了一部电影。________________________________________________. 2）这些孩子他们照看得很好。_____________________________________ 3) 学生们正在操场上打篮球 _____________________________________
4) 我刚开始不喜欢英语 _____________________________________ 5) 他很爱他的父母 _____________________________________ 6) 我们都应该爱我们的祖国 _____________________________________
基本句型四: S 十 V 十 O1 十 O2 主谓双宾结构，O1＝间接宾语；O2＝直接宾语 有些动词后面, 可以有两个宾语, 这个宾语一个指人, 一个指物, 指人的叫间接宾语, 表示动作的方 向和目标; 指物的叫直接宾语, 表示动作的承受者, 间接宾语一般放在直接宾语之前. 并不是所有 得动词都能用于此句型。 除以上两词外， 能用于此句型的动词主要有两大类: (1) bring, give, sell, show, take, tell, throw, write 等；(2) buy, find, get, leave, make, save, choose 等。例如: She brought me some fruit. Can you do us a favour? 这两个句子中的间接宾语都可以变成介词短语放在直接宾语后面. 例如: She brought some fruit to me. Can you do a favour for me? 1) 昨天她父亲给她买了一辆自行车作为生日礼物 __________________________________________________ 或者 __________________________________________________ 2)请把你的画给我看一下。_____________________________________
3)只要你不失去信心，我会给你提供机会的。_____________________________________ 4) 王老师教我们英语 _____________________________________ 5) 请告诉我这件事的真相 _____________________________________ 基本句型五: S 十 V 十 O 十 C 主谓宾补结构 宾语和补足语之间的关系是逻辑上的主谓关系, 即宾语是宾语补足语的逻辑主语。 句型中的宾语常 用名词或代词宾格. 常用来作宾语补足语的成分有名词, 形容词， 动词不定式, 现在分词, 过去分词, 介词短语和副词等. 例如: She named her baby John. We elected him monitor of our class. Keep the room clean and tidy, please. His father wished him to be a musician We consider it a pity that they have given up trying it a second time. 这种句型中的宾语＋ 补语可统称为“复合宾语”, 作补语的常常是名词、形容词、副词、介词短 语、分词、动词不定式等。如： 1). 请让孩子们安静下来。________________________________________________________. 2）他把墙漆成白色。________________________________________________________. 3）我们发现他是一个诚实的人。______________________________________________.
4）请保持教室干净 _____________________________________ 5）我常常让他帮助我学习英语 ________________________________________________________. 注意：动词 have, make, let, see, hear, notice, feel, observe, watch 等后面所接的动词不 定式作宾补时，不带 to。如： 5）他让他的员工整天工作________________________________________________________. 6）不要让水一直流 _____________________________________
（一）掌握技巧： （1）注意篇章结构，合理布局 开始部分（opening paragraph）——说出文中的要点、核心问题。 正文部分（Body paragraphs）——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。 结尾部分（concluding paragraphs）——对全文的总结和概括。 要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系，内容完整、连贯。前后呼应，祛除与主题无关的内 容. （2）确定主题句 主题句是对全文的概括，是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇 文章的开头，而后，全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释，扩展。 写主题句应注意以下几点： ①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点 ②提炼出一句具有概括性的话 ③主题句应具有可读性，抓住、吸引读者。
(3) 高考英语写作常用开头和结尾 一开头万能公式：
1．开头万能公式一：名人名言有人问了，―我没有记住名言，怎么办？尤其是英语名言？‖， 很好办：编！ 原理：我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的，包括我们欣赏的文章也是，所以尽管编，但是一 定要听起来很有道理呦！而且没准将来我们就是名人呢！对吧？ 经典句型： A proverb says,―You are only young once.‖（适用于已记住的名言） It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever.（适用于自编名言） 更多经典句型： As everyone knows, No one can deny that… 2。开头万能公式二：数字统计原理：要想更有说服力，就应该用实际的数字来说明。 原则上在议论文当中不应该出现虚假数字的， 可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一， 但编无妨， 只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型： According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. 看起来这个数字文邹邹的，其实都是编造出来的，下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造： Honesty 根据最近的一项统计调查显示，大学生向老师请假的理由当中 78%都是假的。 Travel by Bike 根据最近的一项统计调查显示，85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是 自行车。 Youth 根据最近的一项统计调查显示，在某个大学，学生的课余时间的 70%都是在休闲娱乐。 Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work? 根据最近的一项统计调查显示，98%的人同意每周五天工作日。 更多句型： A recent statistics shows that… 二结尾万能公式： 1．结尾万能公式一：如此结论说完了，毕竟要归纳一番，相信各位都有这样的经历，领导长 篇大论，到最后终于冒出个―总而言之‖之类的话，我们马上停止开小差，等待领导说结束语。也就 是说，开头很好，也必然要有一个精彩的结尾，让读者眼前一亮，这样，你就可以拿高分了！比如 下面的例子： Obviously 此为过渡短语） we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and （ , respect for others. 如果读者很难―显而见之‖，但说无妨，就当读者的眼光太浅罢了！ 更多过渡短语： to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus 更多句型： Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that… 2．结尾万能公式二：如此建议如果说―如此结论‖是结尾最没用的废话，那么―如此建议‖应该是 最有价值的废话了，因为这里虽然也是废话，但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽！ Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. 这里的虚拟语气用得很经典，因为考官本来经常考这个句型，而如果我们自己写出来，你说考 官会怎么想呢？ 更多句型： Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
二、写作的七项基本原则 一） 、长短句原则工作还得一张一驰呢，老让读者读长句，累死人！写一个短小精辟的句子， 相反，却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末，也可以揭示主题： As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar. 如此可见，长短句结合，抑扬顿挫，岂不爽哉？牢记！ 强烈建议：在文章第一段（开头）用一长一短，且先长后短；在文章主体部分，要先用一个短 句解释主要意思， 然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式， 定会让主体部分妙笔生辉！ 文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。 二） 、主题句原则国有其君，家有其主，文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成―群龙无首‖之感！ 相信各位读过一些破烂文学，故意把主体隐藏在文章之内，结果造成我们稀里糊涂！不知所云！所 以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句，放在文章的开头（保险型）或者结尾，让读者一目了然，必会平 安无事！ 特别提示：隐藏主体句可是要冒险的！ To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam（主题句）. Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer allthe questions correctly. 三） 、一二三原则领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点…如 此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的―标签‖来判定你的文章是 否结构清楚，条理自然。破解方法很简单，只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清 楚了。 1）first, second, third, last（不推荐，原因：俗） 2）firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally（不推荐，原因：俗） 3）the first, the second, the third, the last（不推荐，原因：俗） 4）in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly（不推荐，原因：俗） 5）to begin with, then, furthermore, finally（强烈推荐） 6）to start with, next, in addition, finally（强烈推荐） 7）first and foremost, besides, last but not least（强烈推荐） 8）most important of all, moreover, finally 9）on the one hand, on the other hand（适用于两点的情况） 10）for one thing, for another thing（适用于两点的情况） 建议：不仅仅在写作中注意，平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚！ 四） 、短语优先原则 写作时，尤其是在考试时，如果使用短语，有两个好处：其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点，如 果老师们看到你的文章太简单，看不到一个自己不认识的短语，必然会看你低一等。相反，如果发 现亮点—精彩的短语，那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路，只有凑字数，怎么 办？用短语是一个办法！比如： I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达：I cannot put up with it. I want it. 可以用短语表达：I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加，表达也更准确。 五） 、多实少虚原则原因很简单，写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西，不要空话连篇。这就要 求一定要多用实词，少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的 时候， 不应该之说 nice 这样空洞的词， 应该使用一些诸如 generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle,
warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如： 走出房间，general 的词是：walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说：slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说：sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说：dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说：stagger out of the room 所以多用实词，少用虚词，文章将会大放异彩！ 六） 、多变句式原则 1）加法（串联） 都希望写下很长的句子，像个老外似的，可就是怕写错，怎么办，最保险的写长句的方法就是 这些，可以在任何句子之间加 and,但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说： I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的，我们可以用一个超级句式： Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. 其它的短语可以用： besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover 2）转折（拐弯抹角） 批评某人缺点的时候，我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点，然后转入正题，再说缺点，这种 方式虽然阴险了点，可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢，我们说话的时候，只要在要点之前先来 点废话，注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm. 更多的短语： despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding 3）因果（so, so, so） 昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩，然后我主动搭讪，然后我们去咖啡厅，然后我们认识了，然后 我们成为了朋友…可见，讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序，先什么，后什么，所以然后这个词 就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系！ The snow began to fall, so we went home. 更多短语： then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that 4）失衡句（头重脚轻，或者头轻脚重） 有些人脑袋大，身体小，或者有些人脑袋小，身体大，虽然我们不希望长成这个样子，可如果 真的是这样了，也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子，就更会让考官看到你 的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句，表语从句，宾语从句的变形。 举例：This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure. 同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分： When to go, Why he goes away… 5）附加（多此一举） 如果有了老婆，总会遇到这样的情况，当你再讲某个人的时候，她会插一句说，我昨天见过他； 或者说，就是某某某，如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面，那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是 插入语。 The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don‘t enjoy that book you are reading. Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. 其实很简单，同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成；定语从句—借用之前的关 键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中，但是 whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。 6）排比（排山倒海句） 文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此，如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话，那么我希望你引用 一个个的排比句，一个个得对偶句，一个个的不定式，一个个地词，一个个的短语，如此表达将会 使文章有排山倒海之势！ Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.（气势恢宏） 要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可！ 七） 、挑战极限原则既然十挑战极限，必然是比较难的，但是并非不可攀！ 原理：在学生的文章中，很少发现诸如独立主格的句子，其实也很简单，只要花上 5 分钟的时 间看看就可以领会，它就是分词的一种特殊形式，分词要求主语一致，而独立主格则不然。比如： The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. 如果您可一些出这样的句子，不得高分才怪！ 三、文章主体段落的三大杀手锏 一） 、举实例思维短路，举实例！提出一个观点，举实例！提出一个方案，举实例！而且者也 是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式，任何情况下，只要我们无法继续文章，不管三七二十一，尽管举 例子！ In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her. 更多句型： To take…as an example, One example is…, Another exampleis…, for example 二） 、做比较方法：写完一个要点，比较与之相似的；又写完一个要点，再比较与之相反的； 世界上没有同样的指纹，没有相同的树叶，文章亦同，只有通过比较，你才会发现二者的相同 点（through comparison）和不同点（through contrast） 。下面是一些短语： 相似的比较： in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner 相反的比较： on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …,… 三） 、换言之没话说了，可以换一句话再说，让你的文章在多一些字，或者文邹邹地说，是让 读者更充分的理解你的观点。 实际就是重复重复再重复！下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you! I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you. 或者上面我们举过的例子： I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达：I cannot put up with it. 因此可以这样说：I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it. 更多短语： in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply.
艺考生的救命稻草！ 突破 130 分，快速提高 30 分的锦囊妙计！ 6 步搞定任何高考英语阅读真题，一般人不告诉他（她）！
2013 吴军高考英语阅读理解 3 天提分秘术
众说周知，得阅读、完形者得天下！ 文章看没看懂不重要，关键是要选对！ 高考英语阅读的核心暗示点：词和短语！ 题目（或题干）有暗示，秘笈为你精准导航！ 选项与出题点之间存在逻辑关系，3 天帮您梳理！ 速度比完美更重要，思路比题海要有效！
2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术， 既不是神人的牛 B 押题，也不是最牛高考班的密卷！而是 沈阳高分英语家教吴军老师从 2000-2012 年 2700 多篇高考英语阅读真题答案内幕规律衍生出的迅捷 提分秘诀！ 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术是纸质的解析讲解类自学教案， 而不是如同上大课般的名师讲 座光盘（如高分突破，提分宝典，四步兵法，高频考点等），你可以站着，躺着，甚至在卫生间里 也可以阅读自学！ 立竿见影！以一顶百！9 年来我们在自我独门秘笈的基础上，20%参阅了 132 种全国知名高考 英语教案或资料（如：新东方，张清波，北京四中李俊和，管卫东，提分宝典，高频考点等） 。但 发现很多名师教案与高考提分关联度小，因为相当一部分名师只是把自己在考研和雅思领域的研究 成果生搬硬套到高考英语教学中（讲述的高频词汇严重超纲，甚至是大学 6 级的） ，而不是深入到 2700 篇历届阅读真题中潜心研究，效果可想而知。还有些重点高中一线老师，将自己上课用的教案 制作成光盘用以贩卖，其实质不过是高频考点和词汇的串讲，有的甚至用 35%的篇章讲述如何记忆 单词，而广告却说是提分秘笈，真是让人遗憾！
好消息！吴军老师 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀仅释放了其 30%的功力，就达到了 90%以上的 客户满意度，为了配合文科其他科目的上市，2013 年吴军高考英语将释放其 70%的功力，2013 年 高考英语提分速度和幅度将再升一倍，看完下列示例后，还不赶紧抢购呀！
目录： 一、2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征 二、2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词 三、擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码 四、阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则 五、阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀 六、阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律
2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征（10 条秘诀）
【2010 辽宁卷 B 篇】I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, '“I‘m having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don‘t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes.( 转折对比,说明前面 New Yorkers 评价是
Self-centred.) Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were
from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York? A There is a strange mix of people. C. The bill is not fairly shared. B. The restaurants are expensive. D. People have to pay cash
63. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience？ A. Easy-going. B. Self-centred. C. Generous. D. Conservative.
【2012 四川卷 E 篇】 far, efforts to cut emissions So （排放） planet-warming greenhouse gases are of not seen as enough to prevent the Earth heating up beyond 2℃ this century — a point scientists say will bring the danger of a changeable climate in which weather extremes are common, leading to drought, floods, crop failures and rising sea levels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs about the world’s temperature? A. It has risen nearly 0.2℃ since 1979. B. Its change will lead to weather extremes. C. It is 0.8℃ higher in 1979 than that of 1990. D. It needs to be controlled within 2℃ in this century.
【2012 四川卷 A 篇】The seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars‘ （杨树） putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local steam as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean? A. The change of seasons is easily felt. B. The seasons make the scenes change. C. The weather often changes in the forest. D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.
【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for healthy The people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55. What can we learn from the text? A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart. B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality. C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking, D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.
【2012 江西卷 D 篇】For those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today has turned the countries into a series of villages．Distances between them appear no greater to a modern traveler than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago. Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. Then there is the time spent being ―processed‖ at a modern airport. People are conveyed like robots along walkways; baggage is weighed, tickets produced, examined and produced yet again before the passenger move again to another waiting area. Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being “processed‖ at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines. Man, however, is now a world traveler and can not turn his back on the airplane. The working lives of too many people depend upon it; whole new industries have been built around its design and operation. The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. speed controls people‘s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73.According to Paragraph3, passengers are turning back to modern high-speed trains because_____． A.they pay less for the tickets B.they feel safer during the travel C.they can enjoy higher speed of travel D.they don‘t have to waste time being “processed” 75.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Air travel benefits people and industries． B.Train Travel has some advantages over air travel． C.Great changes have taken place in modern travel. D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.
2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词（17 项不到 90 个单词）
lead to (result in, bring about, cause)是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ . A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 具体! 具体!
【2011 湖北卷 D 篇】our own generation has access to more nutritious food .more convenient transport .bigger houses, better ears .and of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived before us .This will continue as long as we there things to make other things, This more we specialize and exchange, the better off we‘ll be. 2) Brilliant advances One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ener before is that the four most basie human needs -food, clothing, fuel and shelter- have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour‘s light cost six hours‘ work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes‘ work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it‘s half second. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65. The candle and lamp example is used to show that A. oil lamps give off more light than candles B. shortening working time brings about a happier life. C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles. D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods. .
Control (handle, deal with )是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2012 天津卷 D 篇】 Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don‘t let this get in the way. They know they have their
weaknesses, yet they don‘t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________. A. seem willing to experience failures in life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely B. possess the ability to predict future life D. have potential to create something new
【2012 山东卷 D 篇】 Last year, it was a refrigerator that tweeted. This year, it‘s Wi-Fi-enabled laundry machines and fridges that can tell you when your groceries are going bad. The washers and dryers, available starting in the spring, connect to any smartphone through a downloadable application. The phone can then be used as a remote control, so the machines can be turned on and off while their owners is at work or on the bus. Samsung says it‘s not just something new — the app connection actually has some practical uses. ―If you started to dry clothes in the morning and forgot to take them out, you can go to your phone and restart your dryer for the time when come home, so your clothes are refreshed and ready to go,‖ said spokesperson Amy Schmidt. The company also says that with electricity rate(电价)varying depending on the time of day, more control over when the machines are used can help save money. Perhaps, but what they will probably really accomplish is what all good technologies do —enable laziness. Rather than getting up to check on whether the laundry is done, users will instead monitor it on their phones while watching TV. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73. What can we learn about the new laundry machines? A. They can tell you when your clothes need washing B. They can be controlled with a smartphone C. They are difficult to operate D. They are sold at a low price 秘诀 12：
miss (missing) ; lose (lost)是选项中答案高频暗示词!
【2011 全国新课标卷 A 篇】 There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete (竞争). Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practiced to have a delivery service.
Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. 1 took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son's friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. C. He needed it for his milk bottles. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. D. He planted flowers in it.
【2010 江西卷 A 篇】 Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him. He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him. With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier? A. He was riding to school. B. He was listening to a strange sound. C. He was going fishing with his father. D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.
方法一：找中心句 第一段首、末句(一段末出现转折) 二段一句、二句(二段对一段进行总结或否定) 尾段首末句, 90%在末句
【2012 全国新课标卷 B 篇】 Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees‘ nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63. What can be the best title for the text? A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover's Helper
but, yet, however, instead,today,now,Although,so, therefore,
thus, as a result, because(since,as,for), one of the reasons was……, The results are……
It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog‘s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they
wanted to buy frogs from other places. This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn‘t last long. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers A.worked very hard for centuries C.were poor but somewhat content 【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. What is the main idea of paragraph 1? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D. Stories for children are easy to remember. .
B.dreamed of having a better life D.lived a different life from their forefathers
【2012 重庆卷 E 篇】 In his 1930 essay ―Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren ―, John Keynes, economist, rewrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are indeed what other have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) this is not true of absolute. Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending id decided by the super- iority He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this derive as the only source of demands Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the den almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an dinner, for example, the thought of
feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. The goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75.The author of the passage argues that ______. A. absolute needs have no limits B. demands for quality are not insatiable C. human desires influence ideas of quality D. relative needs decide most of our spending 【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe. Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露）to environmental pollution to an increased risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风） within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物）were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of ―moderate‖ (良好）quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The text mainly discusses the relationship between A. heart problems and air quality C. heart problems and smoking .
B. heart problems and exercising D. heart problems and fatty food
【2012 重庆卷 B 篇】 lists are lecturing people on everything from"100 books to read ". Aren't you Top just tired of being told what to do with your time? Now you have a list to end all lists! Take a look at the following two examples from the list of "101 things not to do": …… Go to See the Mona Lisa? There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who the lady in the Louvre every year can‘t all be wrong after all. But they can be quite and standing in front of you,
holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security read. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds most. So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Tings NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20％ discount. 63. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advertise a book C. To comment on popular lists B. To introduce a website D. To recommend tourist activities.
写作目的题秘诀 17：一般说明文写作目的题常用 【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】
There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54. The writer‘s purpose for writing this article is to_______. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence But 后面 violence 是重心！
【2012 全国 II 卷 D 篇】 ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton ( 骨骼 ) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 - will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday. Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice. The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital. Addis Ababa is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom. A team from the Museum of National Service in to U.S. tour. Texas spent four years disscusing with the Ethiopians for the U.S. tour. Which will start in Houston next September. "Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,"said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum.
The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York. Denver and Chicago. Officials said six other U.S. cities may be on the tour. But they said plans had not yet been worked out. Traveling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils. Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 3?-foot-ball ape-man (猿人). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The author writes this text mainly to _ A. introduce a few U.S. museums C. discuss the value of an ape-man _. B. describe some research work D. report a coming event
秘诀 9：找到信息点后核对选项，发现照抄原文的不是答案，同义替换的通常是答案，有时结 合答案特征，发现的更快！ Tanni‘s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, ―The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.‖ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58. The underlined word ―that‖ in the 5th paragraph refers to _______. （此题容易错选 A ，但正确答案是 C ，怎样避开陷阱？） A. fifty weeks‘ training C. training almost every day B. being a good sprinter D. part motivation and part preparation
推论题秘诀 3： 没有中心句（中心词四选项都有） ，尾段也没有核对点，则找出题点核对！
【2012 福建卷 B 篇】 At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life，and he obviously knew it. "You may wonder, Sir Percival,‘‘ said Laura calmly, ―if I am going to ask to be released (免除）from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.― 处是出题核对点！ 汉语标注
His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. "No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出）from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine. ―Mine?‖ he said in great surprise. ―What reason could I have for withdrawing?‘ "A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ‖ His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. "What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm. ― When the promise was made two years ago, ‖ she said, my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?‖ ―I wish you to understand, ― Laura continued, ―that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret." ?I will do both those things, ― he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more. "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, ― she added quietly. ― No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, ― he said. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. We can learn from the passage that .
A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage 文章取材题秘诀 5：若首段有小括号,里面有新华,搜狐,网易,新浪,路透,BBC 等提示,如 (XINHUA NET),或每段首句有具体时间信息点,则选项一定与 news 有关! 【2012 辽宁卷 C 篇】 If Confucius（孔子）were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles.He‘d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out. While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It‘s nothing personal. Most Americans don‘t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes. But this doesn‘t mean that Americans don‘t care about Confucius. In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China. In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80
countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy 哲学） （ .Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. So the old thinker‘s ideas are still alive and well. Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West. As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________. A. a biography C.a newspaper B. a history paper D. a philosophy textbook
文章取材题秘诀 6： 文章首尾句看是否有关键信息点,比如 book,可能是书的前言或简介,若有 价格,与钱有关或访问某网站,则可能是广告(advertisement)! 【2010 湖北卷 C 篇】 This brief book is aimed at high school students , but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life. Its formal ,serious style closely matches its content ,a school-masterly book on schooling .The author , W .H . Armstrong ,starts with the basics : reading and writing . In his opinion , reading doesn‘t just mean recognizing each word on the page ; it means taking in the information,digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself .The goal is to bring the information back to life , not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees . Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other ; in fact ,the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text .I‘ve seen it again and again ： some-one who can‘t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn‘t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion ,which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages ,math , science and history . He generally handles these topics thoroughly(透彻地) and equally ,except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情) regarding history to his students , that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across .To my disappointment , in this part of the book he ignores the arts .As a matter of fact ,they
demand all the concentration and study that math and science do,though the study differs slightly in kind .Although it‘s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired ,actually ,learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. These are small points, though, and don‘t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------66. This passage can be classified as________. A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. A news report
【2012 北京卷 A 篇】 The Basics of Math—Made Clear Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond. The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically. Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to ―make sense‖ of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study. By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges. Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as ―the best math teacher in America,‖ is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in
making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary. With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers. If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? A. A news report. C. A lesson plan. B. A book review D. An advertisement
文体结构题秘诀 4：指定段落有 a man, one man, such as 等信号词时, 结构为举例 (examples).
【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72．How does the writer support the underlined statement in Paragraph2? A．By giving instructions． C．By following the order of time． B．By analyzing cause and effect． D．By giving examples．
【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 One explanation is the law of overlearning , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing
baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn. The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------68.The author explains the law of overlearning by_________. A. presenting research findings C. making a comparison B. setting down general rules D. using examples
词汇答题秘诀 12：模凌两可处如何处理？向该词就近信息点靠拢！向高频答案词特征靠拢！选 择范围大的！
【2011 重庆卷 A 篇】There was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckers. One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best. 56. What does the underlined word ―dilapidated‖ probably mean? A. Dirty C. Worn-out 被动答案特征！ B. Dark D. Plain-looking.
作者态度题秘诀 11：高频答案词 【2012 天津卷 B 篇】
45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A. Reliable and devoted. C. Proud but patient. 【2012 辽宁卷 B 篇】 B. Tough and generous. D. Strict but caring.
61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ? A. The are caring and thoughtful B. The are impatient and annoyed C. The are impatient and annoyed. D. The are excited and curious.
【2010 全国Ⅱ卷 A 篇】 45.Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy B. Polite C. Brave D. Caring
更多阅读高分秘术和高频答案词尽在 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案中.艺考生和体考生 只要记住阅读高频答案词,就有可能 70%正确,再结合吴老师的 2013 高考英语阅读高分秘术(技巧密 籍:www.sypeterwu.com),一本,二本不再是梦!同时也为考重点大学满分攻略带来了答案原理依据!
现在可以开始预定吴军 2013 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案啦!
单买： 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语完形 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语语法词汇 3 天提分秘术 2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则教案 2012 高考英语完形易经法则教案 2012 高考英语语法词汇高频考点 2012 高考英语高频答案词一本通 2011 高考英语阅读高分密码 2011 高考英语完形高分密码 原价 5000 元 原价 5000 元 原价 3000 元 现6折 现5折 现5折 3000 元 2500 元 1500 元 960 元 960 元 600 元 500 元 600 元 500 元
原价 3200 元 现 3 折 原价 3200 元 现 3 折 原价 2000 元 现 3 折 原价 2500 元 现 2 折 原价 3000 元 原价 2500 元 现2折 现2折
全套：(教案不含听力,加盟文字系统版不含电子版及 1 年辅导和策划服务)
2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术 辽宁卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 新课标(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 天津卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 上海卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 北京卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 浙江卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 四川卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 重庆卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 陕西卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 安徽卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 广东卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 湖南卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 湖北卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 江西卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 江苏卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 全国 I (作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 全国 II(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 福建卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送)
学生自学版 教师授课版 加盟系统版 4200 元 4200 元 4500 元 4500 元 4500 元 4500 元 4000 元 4000 元 4000 元 4200 元 4200 元 4000 元 4500 元 4000 元 4200 元 4000 元 4200 元 4200 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!
您孩子或许接受过一对一的大型品牌英语家教服务，甚至一线在职教师的辅导， 但绝大多数的情况是，您孩子的英语分数纹丝不动甚至下降了！为什么？ 花言巧语的广告轰炸和信誓旦旦的保分承诺是让很多家长经不起的诱惑！其实很多品牌家教派 给您孩子的家教不过是以前在马路上举牌仅值 30-50 元/小时的应往届毕业生而已！最终，拿回承诺
的退费比登山还难，即使退了，也换不来孩子的分数和本应美好的未来！ 在职教师有着令人信服的耀眼光环，但该好的当然是好，但该坏的照样是坏的！重点高中的孩 子并不是你在职教师教出来的，因为学苗好，都 125-130 分了，谁教都会一样的好！把普通学校的 学生拿给在职教师教，再用在职教师滚瓜烂熟的知识点串讲辅导和拿个五三套题让学生去做，其结 果，很难短期内事半功倍！
什么北京 XX 高分突破，60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀，2012 高分核按纽，选择 题高分模板等层出不穷，到底哪个才有效啊？与吴军高分密码有什么区别？ 有的用名头砸人（比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人，参加过高考出题，享受国务院特殊津贴 等作为卖点） ；有的用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人；有的干脆模仿或照抄相关广告文案去 骗人，甄别起来，还真是有点困难！
真想区别开来，其实是可以找到答案的： 骗子是很好鉴别的，一是可以让您的孩子问一些高考英语中阅读和完型很具体的问题，看他或 她回答的如何？另外，骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码，只留邮箱，QQ 号码和银行卡 号，让你被骗之后无从寻找。另外，他们还会承诺，不满意，可以退回资料，马上退款，还负责汇 款手续费，让你觉得深信不已！其实，仔细想一想，资料都暴漏了，谁拿到后都可以马上复印，若 可以退的话，岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗？
比如，2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局！他在网上贴吧和博客上出卖的 教案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的,是武汉某某在沈阳 吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共享资料上免费下载的,是可 以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心授课教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联 络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长, 请看一下你得到的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!
辨别有没有效，好不好使，其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告中提分 的学员是否留有学校,班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名就很容易核实 了,不符则可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某某(或从别处粘贴了外 地高考状元的照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想而知!吴军英语的广告中声称的提 分效果,都写明了学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也是敢于让公众监督的! 比如，吴军英 语关于提分在其官网上是这么写的：
2012 年高考已经结束，吴军老师今年承接了一对一或一对二，共计 87 位考生。其中刨出一个 最高分 136 分（本身来时就 130 分左右）及考前半个月左右才来学的 2 位考生，平均提分 36.7，再 创辉煌！其中值得一提的是，吴老师所授的一名学员英语单科成绩竟然提了 90 多分，再次刷新了 吴老师 2009 年创造的提 73 分的最高记录！令人兴奋！ 最高提 90 分，刷新 2009 年最高提 73 分记录！ 方美乔，鲁美附中高三 3 班(考前 2 个月内在翰林补课班上学)，考生号：12210104130592，考 场在 50 中学,高二下学期来吴军老师处学习时,成绩最高时仅 36 分，通过在 1 年多每周一次课的学 习，2012 年高考成绩为 126 分，提分 90 多分，刷新了 2009 年吴老师创造的最高提 73 分的记录。 作为沈阳隆方房地产公司老板的女儿，家庭条件相当优越，但其从不缺乏刻苦专研精神，最后即将 以艺考 482 分的优异成绩考取鲁迅美术学院! 重点高中在职教师不行,不妨再找吴老师试试! 刘赫绅,22 中高三 9 班,考生号：12210106150716,考场在 53 中学,通过某位重点高中参加过高考 英语出题的在职教师近 1 年的一对一补课,成绩始终徘徊在 70 分左右,但考中国民航大学飞行员的英 语小分必须达到 90 分.后来其母亲沈阳雏鹰小学马老师通过 2011 年考取一本 B 段涉外高护专业的 沈阳 4 中胡兢元的母亲鼎立推荐,找到了吴军老师,此时距离 2012 年高考还有不到 2 个半月的时间, 通过每周一、三、五下午 17:30-19:00 近 30 课的学习,最终将以 2012 年高考英语 101 分的成绩如愿 以偿!
短期火箭式提分有秘方! 高考前 3 个月,词汇量能达到初三下学期水平,本身有强烈的提分欲望,能刻苦专研，没有心理障 碍的学员，基本上，或者说 2005-2012 历年 99%提分。 徐可，沈阳 4 中高三 0 班，考生号：12210106110515，考场在 15 中学, 总分 605（过理科一本 线） 。2012 年高考英语为 125 分。来时 100 多分，通过短期 10 课的学习，分数提了近 20 分； 王天池，沈阳 120 中，考生号：12210105150840，考场在省实验中学，总分 478（过理科二本 线） 。2012 年高考英语为 89 分。来时接近 40 分，通过短期集中 20 多课的学习，分数提了近 50 分； 袁小力，鲁美附中高三 1 班艺考生，考生号：12210104130667，考场在 50 中学, 总分 436。按 其成绩排名基本上可以考取鲁美。通过短期集中 20 课的学习，其由来时的 30 多分，上升到本次高 考 66 分，分数翻倍，险过小分！ 蒋同学，沈阳 31 中高三艺考生，考生号:12210102170004，考场在 38 中学,通过 8 次课的集中 学习，成绩由原来的 80 分左右提到 2012 年高考英语 109 分！
更多提分详细资料，请亲临咨询！对于携带记者证或预交 1 课学费者，可以全部查询相关提分 信息，并任意抽查 3-5 位同学父母的联络方式核实！也可根据其所在学校班级，二次核实！ （链接 2011 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告） 吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一个艺考 最低分(临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,2011 年高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分! 2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军一对一亲授中考生学员共计 39 人， 分以上占 97.17%； 140 130-140 之间为 0%；120-130 之间占 2.73%，没有 120 分以下的。其中 21 人达到了 145 分或以上，有―两匹 黑马‖值得一提，他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇，另一位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 的童俊豪，他们来吴军老师这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下，本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到 了 146 分。
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班,考生号:11210104130303； 宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生,考生 号:11210702130017； 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班,考生号:11210105130331,2011 年高考英语分别提高了 30-55 分不 等，已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院和中央美术学院录取！ 卢涵 沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901, 李奕宣 沈阳同泽女中学高三 3 班
2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422, 2011 年高考英语成绩分别提高了 30-35 分不等，已被中国传媒大学文 编专业和天津师范大学播音专业录取！ 李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,一本线重点大学,来吴军高分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 127 分; 杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线,来吴军高分 英语前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分; 鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,一本线,来吴军高分英语前 110 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 119 分。 姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 考号：061020116 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分； 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分。
杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号：051008906 王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号：061020406 考号：061021102
童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号：031009521 张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号：061019414
2012 吴军高考英语 3 天提分秘诀辽宁卷效果示例
一、知识点和词汇全部押对！ 举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷单选的例子：
吴军老师帮您筛选的 30 多个形容词和副词，大家看一看，是不是都在下列备选项中？ 22. We used to see each other A. especially , but I haven‘t head from him since last year. C. particularly D. approximately
有些连知识点都不用，只是通过吴军老师教你的正负 / 过程和结果解题法就所向披靡了！通 过正负，可知 A 和 D 可选！再通过过程和结果，可知 A. with pleasure 强调的是结果，说明借过后， 表示荣幸，所以不符！电话还没借呢，故只有 D 符合。 23. — I‘m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It‘s rather urgent. — Yes, . B. no burry C. it doesn‘t matter D. of course
A. with pleasure
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 25 页，Shall 用于第二、第三人称， 表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。这儿是说根据学校规定学生在校时都必须要穿校服。 24. One of our rules is that every student A. might B. could wear school uniform while at school. C. shall D. will
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 25 页，有宾语主动,无宾语被动！ follow 后面有宾语， with 的宾语后面可加形容词、 副词、 分词、 不定式、 名词等作宾补， 这儿 pet dog 与 follow 构成主谓关系，所以用 following. 25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows them.
2012 吴军高考英语高频答案词一本通第 108 页，Rod 喜欢拆卸钟表，然而，他从来都不能再 重新装好。 所以选 B 项。 另外 However 两边句子相反， 看到 put…… together, 当然相反的就是 taking apart 啦！ 26. Rod loves A. taking apart clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. B. giving away C. making up D. turning off
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 6 页，one 作“一个”，“一本”，“一 件”等解，用来代替上文提到过的 paper。相当于 a copy of paper. 28. If you‘re buying today‘s paper from the stand, could you get A. one B. such C. this D. that for me?
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 13 页，把你的钥匙留给你的邻居，
以防你把自己锁在外面了。所以选 C 项。 30. Leave your key with your neighbor A. as long as B. even though you lock yourself out one day. C. in case D. as if
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-3 第 4 页，Not until 位于句首时句子要 倒装，consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后，所以用一般过去时。 32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago A. he had considered C. he considered B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday abroad.
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 26 页，在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中， 从句中的谓语动词用 did 或 should do.所以选 D 项。 33. Jack is a great talker. It‘s high time that he A. will do B. has done C. do something instead of just talking. D. did
2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 18 页， 名词性从句 4 个高频答案词， 介词 for 后面加的是宾语从句，且从句中 find 缺少宾语，故用 whatever，选 C。 34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and scarched for Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever he could find about
二、完形技巧+高频答案词，挑战高分！ 举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷完形填空的例子来回忆一下吴军老师的完形易经，骄傲一下自己 当时精明的选择！ 首尾或上下段落呼应，复现解决问题！ When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He 36 her Inky. 37 playmates,‖Kruger,The seventy-year-old
― I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats man,says. ―My hearing was damaged by the 39 . 38
of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with
39. A. animals
in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt
47 going into shock（休克）. He
shouted for help , 48 49
his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their bedroom at the opposite end of the house.
Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs. ―Go get Brenda, ‖ Krugger said to Inky. Inky 50 to the bedroom door and scratched 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to
Brenda found her husband 53 B. basement
the stairs and called 911. C yard D. house
52. A. bedroom
通过同现解决问题！ 看到 rushed 后就知道很匆忙，故 50 空纠结时，通过同现校正答案，就不能误选 C 了，ran 与 rushed 同现；51 空是 C 还是 D 呢？Inky 是猫，madly 更贴切；53 空，叫 911 送医院了，说明掉楼 梯底下了。 Inky 50 to the bedroom door and scratched the 52 Brenda found her husband 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to
the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed to the
hospital. 50. A. walked 51. A. rapidly B. ran B. suddenly C. returned C. madly C. at the top of D. withdrew D . urgently D. in the front of
53. A. at the bottom of B. in the middle of
通过正负解决问题！ ―My hearing was damaged by the 39 38 of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with
. They react to what they see and what you do. ‖ 38. A. sound B. alarm C. noise D. voice
三、吴军英语阅读迅捷技巧+矩阵法则，挑战满分！ 找不到主旨句或四个选项都带中心词时，看出题点，即每段首尾句和有汉语标注的地方等，然 后通过复现和同现就解决了！ Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions（使命）often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day‘s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation （ISS） ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at . least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email,
isternet phone and throhgh Private video conferenes. While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activetics that they can still enjoy. Before a mission. The family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for The astromauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their missiom, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters . And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronaouts the chance to do some ―web surfing （冲浪）‖in their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more commom entertainments, astromauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space. Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth‘s vast land mass and oceans. 63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts A. work for longer missions in space C. observe the Earth from space . （2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇）
B. connect with people on the Earth D. spend their free time in space
词汇 13 大解题思路使您茅塞顿开！本题仅用代入法就解决了问题！ Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions（使命）often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day‘s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation （ISS） ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at . least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. 60. What does the word ―minic‖in Paragraph 1 probably mean?（2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇） A. Find B. Copy C. Change D. Lose
找到 minic 这个动词的宾语 way，way they do things 做事的方式，Find 发现？；Copy 模仿？ Change 改变？Lose 失去？way they do things 做事的方式，当然是模仿做事的方式喽！ A 大于 B，则选 A。 In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy（哲学）. Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers.
65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______。 （2012 辽宁卷阅读 C 篇） A. have a great interest in studying Chinese B. take an active part in Chinese competitions C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese 65 题根据题干关键字 American students 文章定位， 就近原则参考点为 racing to learn Chinese. 有些同学在 A 和 D 之间纠结。如果确实区分有困难的话，可以根据―A 大于 D，则选 A。‖原则，则 选 A。
矩阵法则解题:出题点;与中心词沾边;答案特征;答题步骤;核对规则. 69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? （2012 辽宁卷阅读 D 篇） A.The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers instead. B.More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. C.Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. D.The lunch menu has remained the same since the caféwas started.
69 题出题点在尾句,更有出题信号词 instead ;选项中 A 是前后矛盾的句子,符合答案特征; 选项 A 中含有的 volunteers 是文章反复出现的中心词,所以答案就可以选 A 了.
四、洞穿 7 选 5 秘诀, 吴军高考英语运筹帷幄！ 答题步骤:首句定位;排比;逻辑关系;指代+同现或复现;连接词+同现或复现;先易后难,缩小范围, 从而高分突破! How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places.
2.Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72 You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4.Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5.Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.
71 空发现复现词 friend,根据吴军高考英语 7 选 5 法则转折关系(形容词或副词相反,转折),选 E; 选 5 法则同现原则, spoken to 与 conversation 关联,所以选 C; 的复现词 together,所以选 B; 72 空根据吴军 7
73 空看到每段都是祁使句,而只有 B 项中有与原文中 75 空后面有 them,说明
74 空就近原则指代一致 you,复现一致 your friend,所以选 G;
前面有复数名词,再加上否定句结构排比 Try not to,所以 75 空选 D.
五、改错探秘, 吴军教案看 7 遍,错点全部找到！
Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's had of
friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible Unfortunately accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In as miles
the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park until here,Gina nearly got knocked over as ∧car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They there a We
finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.
请购买 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案(增购 7 选 5 和改错版)的顾客仔细核对:
1. 第 1 句 have→had, 参考吴军改错教案一 23 页,由后面的 was 可知，这儿应该用过去时态。 2. 第 2 句 for→of, 参考吴军改错教案二 3 页押中原题,It‘s kind of you 为固定用法。 3. 第 3 句 Unfortunate→Unfortunately, 参考吴军改错教案一 18 页押中原题,用副词作状语。 4. 第 4 句 for→as, 考吴军改错教案二 2 页,as a result 固定搭配。 5. 第 4 句 mile→miles, 参考吴军改错教案一 4-5 页,mile 是可数名词，并且前面是 six. 6. 第 5 句 unless→until, 考吴军改错教案二 4-5 页,这儿后面一句是一个时间状语从句， 意思是我们一直等到路通了。 7. 第 6 句 here→there, 参考吴军改错教案一 16-19 页,叙述的是别的地方发生的事，所以用 there. 8. 第 6 句 car 前加 a, 参考吴军改错教案一 1 页,car 不是特指，并且是可数名词，所以前面要加 a. 9. 第 7 句 they→we, 参考吴军改错教案一 9 页押中原题,叙述的是我们做的事，所以用 we. 10. 第 7 句去掉 to, 参考吴军改错教案二 2 页押中原题,make one‘s way home 中 home 为副词，所以前面不用介词 to。
2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术! 版权所有,侵权必究! 同行抄袭可耻,转载注明出处!
地址：铁西区启工街地铁口旁第一城 A 组团 3 号一层 网址: www.sypeterwu.com 电话：
先行词 n./pron ---被定语从句修饰的,根据先行词选择连接词 物：which/that//whose 人：who/whom/that/whose
当先行词与连接词后面的名词 n 存在所属关系时（…的） 〖2012 定从预测 1〗My friend showed me round the town, A. which B. that C. where
was very kind of him. D. it
〖2012 定从预测 2〗 road conditions there turned out to be very good, ______was more than we could The expect.? A.it B.what C.which D.that ____I 〖2012 定从预测 3〗I‘ve become good friends with several of the students in my school met in the English speech contest last year. A. who B. where C. when D. which left their village
〖2012 定从预测 4〗The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those
〖2012 定从预测 5〗A person ______ e-mail account is full won‘t be able to send or receive any e-mails. A. who B. whom C. whose D. whoever 〖2012 定从预测 6〗In china, the number of cities is increasing ______development is recognized across the world. A. where B. which C. whose D. that effects the 〖2012 定从预测 7〗Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from people are still suffering. A.that B.whose C.those D.what
as 与 which 均可替代整个主句 在非限制性定语从句中，均可替代整个主句. 如从句在主句之后，两者皆可用；如从句在主 句之前，用 as。 介词/逗号后, 永远不用 that! They failed in the exam，as/which is natural. As is known to all，the earth moves around the sun. He passed the College Entrance Examination, A. as B. which C. that D. it made his parents very happy.
〖2012 定从预测 8〗_____is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What
比较：___is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. 〖2012 定从预测 9〗Jim passed the driving test, A.which B.that C.this surprised everybody in the office.? D.it
〖2012 定从预测 10〗____ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What
〖2012 定从预测 11〗Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, ______, of course,
made the others envy him. A. who B. that C. what D. which
〖2012 定从预测 12〗____ has been announced, we shall have our final exams next month. A. That B. As C. It D. What
地点：where/which /that 〖2012 定从预测 13〗The Science Museum, London‘s tourist attractions. A.which B.what
时间：when/which/that we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of
〖2012 定从预测 14〗 can think of many cases _____ students obviously knew a lot of English words and I expressions but couldn‘t write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where .I have the time to spend a day with my kids. D.when
〖2012 定从预测 15〗Occasions are quite rare A.who B.which C.why
〖2012 定从预测 16〗We are living in an age ______ many things are done on computer. A. which B. that C. whose D. when
〖2012 定从预测 17〗The film brought the hours back to me_______I was taken good care of in that far-away village. A. until B. that C. when D. where
怎么确定关系代词前用什么介词? （1）定语从句中动词和什么介词搭配 Gun control is a subject _____ Americans have argued for a long time. (about which--- argue about sth) There is no one _____ she can turn when in trouble (to whom----turn to sb for help) （2）先行词常和什么介词搭配。 The reason _________ he was late was that he got up late. (for which----- the reason for) 〖2012 定从预测 18〗 Wind power is an ancient source of energy A. on which B. by which C. to which we may return in the near future. D. from which
〖2012 定从预测 19〗Gun control is a subject A. of which B. with which
Americans have argued for a long time. C. about which D. into which New
〖2012 定从预测 20〗 many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, For York is an example.
〖2012 定从预测 21〗By nine o‘clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, A.of which appeared a rare rainbow soon. B.on which C.from which D.above which
易错点:插入语和定语干扰! 〖2012 定从预测 22〗She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction more than three years. A．for which B．with which C．of which D．to which had taken
〖2012 定从预测 23〗The newly built café the walls of_______ are painted light green, is really a , peaceful place for us, specially after hard work. A. that B. it C. what D. which , of course, made
〖2012 定从预测 24〗Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. that
〖2012 定从预测 25〗She brought with her three friends, none of A. them B. who C. whom
I had ever met before. D. these wanted to buy it.
〖2012 定从预测 26〗Last week, only two people came to look at the house, A.none of them B.both of them? C.none of whom
D.neither of whom
定语从句真题练习 〖2009 辽宁〗They‘ve won their last three matches, ________I find a bit surprising A. that B. when C. what he D. which found a job in a big 〖2007 辽宁〗Eric received training in computer for one year, company.? A.after that \B.after which? C.after it D.after this Chinese in the school, most
〖2006 辽宁〗I was told that there were about 50 foreign students were from Germany.? A.study;of whom B.study;of them? C.studying;of them
〖2004 辽宁〗The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% ______ are sold abroad. A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that
I have forgotten ∧where we went yesterday. Where we went yesterday∧ is covered with all kinds of flowers. Oh! This is ∧where we came yesterday. This is the place where we came yesterday. Here, he made the promise that he would come here 10 years later. I will make a mark where he made the promise. where unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. 需要用什么引导词看从句。名词性从句中缺什么意思用什么意思的引导词; 缺名词性成份时， 指人用 who/whom，指物用 what; 不缺意思和成份时用 that。That 只有在宾语从句中可以省略。 〖2011 江西卷〗The villagers have already known A．this B．that C．what we‘ll do is to rebuild the bridge. D．which we do and who we are if we want to
〖2011 四川卷〗Our teachers always tell us to believe in succeed. A. why B. how C. what
D. which I‘d do if I had the money. D.what
〖2011 陕西卷〗I‘d like to start my own business –that‘s A.why B.when C.which 易错点:插入语干扰!
〖2012 名词性从句预测 1〗 companies are working together to create The best means of transport in the 21st century. A. which B. that C. what D. who
they hope will be the
〖2012 名词性从句预测 2〗 A.It B.This
was most important to her, she told me, was her family. C.What D.As he thought was not enough.
〖2012 名词性从句预测 3〗The shopkeeper did not want to sell for A.where B.how? C.what D.which
 In my eyes, _______ is known to all _____ Chinese economy has taken off.  ______ is known to all, Chinese economy has taken off.  I took some medicine for the bad cold, but _____ didn’t help.  I took some medicine for the bad cold, ______ didn’t help.  I find ______ is a pity that he failed in the driving test. A. which B. that C. it D. As
〖2012 名词性从句预测 4〗 L. A.It B.What
is known to us all is that the 2014 Olympic Games will take place in
Whether 是解! 不充当从句的任何成分，表示“是否”表明从句内容的不确定性。不可以省略。 通常，引导主语从句、表语从句和引导同位语从句时，要用连词 whether，不用 if；习惯上也 只能说 whether or not，而不说 if …or not。 ____ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That
试题中的从句位于句首，不难知道这是一个主语从句，所以答案是 C。但是在宾语从句中表达 ―是否‖既可用 if 也可用 whether。
主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,只能用 whether 引导，不能用 if . 主语从句 Whether it is true remains a problem. 这件事是否真实还是个问题。 表语从句 What the doctors really doubt is whether my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.医生真正怀疑的是我母亲能否很快从重病中恢复过来。 同位语从句 I am in doubt whether I should agree to the plan. 〖2012 名词性从句预测 5〗We‘ve offered her the job, but I don‘t know______ she‘ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which it is
〖2012 名词性从句预测 6〗Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and rough or smooth. A./ B.whether? C.how D.what
〖2012 名词性从句预测 7〗What the doctors really doubt is _____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why
名词性从句真题练习 〖2006 辽宁〗 A.What makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. B.Who C.Whatever D.Whoever A
〖2011 四川卷〗Frank insisted that he was not asleep A. whether B. although C. for
I had great difficulty in waking him up. D. so
〖2009 湖南〗 ______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. A. Although B. As long as C. If only D. As soon as their education that causes
〖2007 全国Ⅰ〗Between the two generations, it is often not their age, misunderstanding. A.like B.as C.or D.but
〖 2007 湖 南 〗 Reality is not the way you wish things to be, nor the way they appear to be, _______ the way they actually are. A.as B.or C.but D.and
〖2012 状从预测 1〗Excuse me for breaking in, _______ I have some news for you. A.so B.and C.but D. yet
 It was in this city ______ he was born.  It was this city ______ he was born.  It was in 1989 ______ he was born.  It was three days _____ he was born.  It is three days _____ he was born. A. where B. which C. that D. before E.since
〖2010?陕西〗John thinks it won‘t be long A. when B. after
he is ready for his new job. C. before D. since Brian gets back.
〖2008 北京〗I‘m sorry you‘ve been waiting so long, but it‘ll still be some time ___ A. before B. since C. till D. after 〖2011 四川卷〗 As it reported, it is 100 years A. when B. before C. after
Qinghua University was founded. D. since
〖2012 状从预测 2〗The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time we meet them again. A.after B.before C.since D.when he could recover and 〖2012 状从预测 3〗He was told that it would be at least three more months return to work.?
D.that I enjoyed myself so much.? D.since
〖2012 状从预测 4〗That was really a splendid evening. It‘s years A.when B.that ? C.before
but,however, although didn’t never Unless/if ...not Without 接名词,主句有 would 或 could until so, therefore, as a result, accordingly because, since, as, for
前后两句一肯一否， 除了转折关系,2009-2011 年考的更多的是因果关系,until 和 unless. However 和 instead 同时出现在选项中时，容易选 instead ；However 和 otherwise 同时出现在选项中时容 易选 otherwise；but 和 so 同时出现在选项中时容易选 so（therefore） ；but 和 because 同时出现 在选项中时容易选 because（as,since） ，具体结合语境。 〖2008 北京〗—Did you return Fred‘s call? —I didn‘t need to ____ I‘ll see him tomorrow. A. though B. unless C. when D. because his eyesight was beginning to fail. D.or
〖2006 北京〗He found it increasingly difficult to read, A.and B.for C.but
〖2007 天津〗It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life______we‘ve actually had that lesson.? A.until B.after C.since D.when 〖2006 广东〗―You can‘t have this football back_____you promise not to kick it at my cat again.‖ the old man said firmly. A.because 〖2010 上海〗 A. Until B.since C.when D.until our manager objects to Tom‘s joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. B. Unless C. If D. After
〖2010 全国Ⅰ〗The little boy won‘t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story. A. or B. unless C. but D. whether
so that(宾语从句后面有 can)是解! 〖2005 北京〗I‘d like to arrive 20 minutes early A.as soon as B.as a result? C.in case I can have time for a cup of tea. D.so that
〖2004 全国 I〗Roses need special care ______ they can live through winter.
B. so that
C. even if
〖2003 安徽春〗Sally worked late in the evening to finish her report ______ her boss could read it first thing next morning. A. so that B. because C. before D. or else 〖2002 NMET〗 John shut everybody out of the kitchen _________ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if
in case (万一, 以防)是解! 〖2011 山东卷〗He had his camera ready_____ he saw something that would make a good picture. A. even if B. if only C. in case D. so that .
〖2010 浙江〗I guess we‘ve already talked about this before but I‘ll ask you again just A．by nature B.in return C．in case D．by chance you lock yourself out one day.? D.in case
〖2007 北京〗Leave your key with a neighbor A.ever since B.even if ? C.soon after
While ◆主句从句主语不同,表示―而?‖ I do every single bit of housework __ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A. since B. while C. when ◆While 置于句首可表示 As long as 或 Although While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. time on it. A. If 〖2011 四川卷〗 A. Since B. While C. Because D. As D. as
（2008 湖南)______ the Internet is of great help, I don‘t think it‘s a good idea to spend too much
volleyball is her main focus, she‘s also great at basketball. B. Once C. Unless D. While
〖2010 全国Ⅰ〗Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal . A. so that 〖2008 湖南〗 it.? A.If B.While C.Because D.As men work at home and raise their B. although C. while D. as if
the Internet is of great help, I don‘t think it‘s a good idea to spend too much time on
〖2008 四川〗In some places women are expected to earn money children.? A.but B.while C.because D.though
where 〖2010 重庆〗Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. when 〖2009 江苏〗 former. A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until B. where C. how D. what
__ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the
〖2009 山东〗The little girl who got lost decided to remain _____she was and wait for her mother. A.where B.what C.how D.who
〖2004 全国 III〗There were dirty marks on her trousers ____ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that
as long as 〖2010 江西〗— Our holiday cost a lot of money. — Did it? Well, that doesn‘t matter______ you enjoyed yourselves. A as long as B unless C as soon as However \ Whatever D though
However 接形容词或副词! However (=No matter how) expensive it may be, I’ll take it.无论它有多贵，我也要买下它。 _______, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A. However the study is amusing C. However amusing the story is Whatever 接名词或从句谓语动词少宾语! Whatever (=No matter what) I say or how I say it, he always thinks I’m wrong. 无论我说什么或怎么说，他总认为是我错。 The old tower must be saved, A.however 〖2010 上海〗 B.whatever the cost. C.whichever D.wherever B. No matter amusing the story is D. No matter how the story is amusing
you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem
A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem
〖2008 全国Ⅰ〗The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit______the season.? A.whatever B.wherever ? C.whenever D.however
什么情况下 When 是答案？ ◆be about to do…. When …
= be on the point of doing … when… ◆Was/were doing … when… It was raining when we arrived.(指时间点) 〖2004 上海〗 Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion. A. when B. while C. since D. once
When we were at school, we went to the library every day.(在一段时间内) 〖2007 北京〗—Where‘s that report?? —I brought it to you A.if B.when you were in Mr. Black‘s office yesterday.? C.because D.before
◆Had just done… when… hardly / scarcely … when…和 no sooner … than … 〖2009 福建〗She had just finished her homework the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since ◆受思维定势看到 so 容易错选 that，符合逻辑应该是 when！ 〖2009 重庆〗 Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. A. where B. that ks5u C. why D. when she visited her friends in Sydney last year. D.where her mother asked her to practice playing
〖2008 福建〗Nancy enjoyed herself so much A.that B.which C.when
〖2010 四川〗Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break office. A. since B. that C. when D. until
she got to her
〖2009 福建〗She had just finished her homework piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after
her mother asked her to practice playing the
〖2007 北京〗—Where‘s that report?? —I brought it to you A.if B.when you were in Mr. Black‘s office yesterday.? C.because D.before
〖2006 湖南〗I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busy drying myself with a towel I heard the steps.? A.while B.when C.since D.after
〖2004 上海〗 Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion.
状语从句真题练习 〖2010 辽宁〗The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair_ A．although B．unless C．because _he wanted to sit next to his wife. D．if
〖2008 辽宁〗______hungry I am. A.Whatever B.Whenever
I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread.? C.Wherever D.However
〖2008 辽宁〗I used to love that film A.once B.when
I was a child, but I don‘t feel it that way any more.? C.since D.although
〖2007 辽宁〗We had to wait half an hour A.since B.although
we had already booked a table.? C.until D.before a familiar voice came to his ears.? D.while
〖2006 辽宁〗He was about halfway through his meal A.why B.where C.when
有宾语主动,无宾语被动 He seats himself at the back of the classroom.（做谓语） Seating himself at the back of the classroom, he can‘t see the words on the blackboard clearly.（做状 语） He is seated at the back of the classroom. （做谓语） Seated at the back of the classroom, he can‘t see the words on the blackboard clearly. （做状语） Dressed (dress) in a new beautiful dress, she feels more confident. Compared to /with cars, bicycles have some advantages. Judging from his expression / look on his face, he is far from satisfactory. Seen from space, the earth looks blue. Tasting good, the food was soon sold out. 【2011 重庆卷】Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself of his own dreams. A. reminding B. to remind C. reminded D. remind 【2011 陕西卷】Claire had her luggage A.check B.checking
an hour before her plane left. C.to check D.checked it much easier for people to travel
【2011 陕西卷】More highways have been built in China,_ form one place to another.
C. to make
D. having made nothing about the argument. D. saying
【2011 全国卷 II】Sarah pretended to be cheerful,_ A. says 【2011 天津卷】 A. Translating B. said C. to say
into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. B. Translated C. To translate D. Having translated newly cleaned and
【2011 上海春招】Mike found his missing car in the street outside his house, polished. A. looked 【2011 上海春招】 park. A. Opened B. Having opened C. Opening B. to look C. looking
D. to be looking
in 1955, Disneyland in California is regarded by many as the riginal fun
D. Being opened
【2011 全国卷 II】The island, A. joining B. to join
to the mainland by a bridge, is easy to go to. C. joined D. having joined
【2011 湖南卷】The players summer game . A selecting B to selece
from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this
D having selected she had a fall, Mr. Gorden immediately
【2011 江西卷】On receiving a phone call from his wife rushed home from his office. A. says B.said C.saying
D.to say a life span of around 20 years. D. to have
【2011 浙江卷】Bats are surprsingly long-lived creatures, some A.having B had C. have
不及物动词做状语只有 working 和 to work 两种形式,相当于及物动词后面有了宾语 doing sth/to do sth. 没有 worked 形式! 【2011 全国卷】The next thing he saw was smoke A.rose B.rising C. to rise from behind the house. D.risen
〖2010 安徽〗He had a wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the world A. travel 〖2010 湖南〗Dina, advertising agency. A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle B. to travel C. traveled D. traveling
for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local
have sth to do the only (best,first 等)way to do
be done to do sth 【2011 重庆卷】 More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced people‘s concern over food safety. A.to raise B.raising C.to have raised D. having raised
【2011 天津卷】Passeagers are permitted A.to carry B. carrying
only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane. C. to be carried D. being carried the overuse of water in students‘ bathrooms. D. reduce
〖2010 上海〗Thai is the only way we can imagine A. reducing B. to reduce —Agreed! A. arrived B. arrives C. to arrive C. reduced
〖2007 全国 I〗—The last one _________ pays the meal.
接双宾动词少一个宾语即被动 done 做状语! 【2011 四川卷】 A.Offer an important role in a new movie, Andy has a chance to become famous. B.Offering C.Offered D.To offer
〖2009 江西〗_____ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given
〖2005 福建〗When_______ help, one often says―Thank you. ‖ or ― It‘ s kind of you. ‖ A．offering B．to offer C．to be offered D．offered
〖2003 北京〗____ time,he‘ll make a first-class tennis player. A .Having given B.To give C. Giving D. Given
非谓语真题练习 【2011 辽宁卷】 A. Gather around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. B. To gather C. Gathering D. To be gathering
〖2010 辽宁〗Alexander tried to get his work _______in the medical circles. A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized
〖2009 辽宁〗______, you need to give all you have and try your best. A Being a winner B To be a winner C Be a winner D Having been a winner
〖2008 辽宁〗He was busy writing a story, only A.to stop B.stopping?
once in a while to smoke a cigarette. D.having stopped
C.to have stopped
〖2007 辽宁〗You can‘t imagine what difficulty we had ______ home in the snowstorm. A. walked B. walk C. to walk D. walking
〖2007 辽宁〗The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ______ the world record in the 110-meter hurdle race. A. breaking 〖2004 辽宁〗 on the farm.? A.Attracting B.Attracted ? C.To be attracted D.Having attracted. B. having broken C. to have broken D. break
by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days
can be must be may/might be 可表示―有时候会‖， 猜测时， can/could 用于疑问句和否定句； 只用于肯定句/表示很有把握的猜测/翻译成―肯定/一定‖； 用于肯定句/表示没有把握的猜测/翻译成―可能也许‖.
〖2011 湖南卷〗No one ________ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. A. can B. need C. must D. might be rather cold sometimes.
〖2008 福建〗It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it A.must B.can C.should D.would
〖2009 安徽〗 Some people who don‘t like to talk much are not necessarily shy； they people. A. must B. may C. should D. would
just be quiet
〖2008 四川〗Although this A.must B.may
sound like a simple task, great care is needed.? C.shall D.should
〖2005 浙江〗The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it be very slow.? A.should B.must C.will D.can be under adnlt‘s supervision when in
〖2004 上海〗Children under 12 years of age in that country a public library.? A. must B.may C.can D.need
must 可表示―硬要，偏偏‖。 ---How old are you, madam? ----If you must know, I‘m twice my son‘s age. shall 可用于一、三人称疑问句表示征求对方的意见或向对方请示。 ---Shall he come to see you? ---I‘d rather he didn‘t. 也可用于二、三人称陈述句中表示命令、警告、允诺、威胁或法规。 --- What does the sign over here read? --- No person shall smoke or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar or pipe in this area. should 可表示―按理说应该‖。 ---When can I call for my TV set? ----It should be ready this afternoon. 也可表示说话人对某事感到意外、惊异、不能理解等，译作―竟然；居然‖。 You can‘t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman should be so rude to a lady.
2012 完形高分策略（Skills of Cloze Tests） （课时 1－5）
一、高考完形填空命题趋势 选材特点: 以记叙文为主, 多以记叙文和夹叙夹意为主 命题特点: (1) 设空特点: 名词\ 动词(5-8 个)为主
里边层次：(语篇层次 30%以上)体现了突出语篇的命题思路 句子层次：(占 70%左右) 单词层次：(只须读懂单词所在句子就能做,分数较少)
高考完形填空题型特点 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 以叙为主, 叙议结合; 篇章短小, 意义完整; 首句完整, 主题明确; 结构清晰, 层次分明; 考查语境, 侧重辨析; 实词为主, 虚词为辅; 逻辑推理, 隐于语篇; 常识语法, 每年出现。
1.词语辨析能力 2.语法结构分析能力 3.语篇理解能力 4.逻辑推理能力 5.文化背景透析能力 6.作者意图剖析能力 8.生活常识综合运用能力
二、考生易失分之处： 1、忽视行文逻辑，断章取义，就题论题。 2、脱离语境，滥用固定搭配。 3、缺乏必要的生活常识和不了解中西文化的差异。
? 急于求成，未通读全文便忙于答题，不了解文意，无整体概念边读边填，两眼 忙于空白与选项之间，欲速则不达。 ? 只抠字眼，语法，不顾文意，抓不住关键。 ? 断章取义，就题论题，不管前后联系，互不照应，前后矛盾。
四、巧解完形填空——高分技巧 1、研究首尾——找主题 2、上下联系——寻信息 3、左顾右盼——找搭配 4、思前想后——觅逻辑 5、语境分析——辨词义 6、集中精力——破难题 7、回读检查——补漏洞 九大方法巧解完形 1、提高阅读能力（速度、理解） 2、打好语法基础 （固定搭配） 3、扩充词汇量（动词、名词） 4、增长生活常识，培养广泛的兴趣爱好 5、多做多练，以提高实战能力 How to get high scores？ 1. 正确的答题步骤 2. 必要的答题技巧 3. 适量的实践训练
一、利用首句来解题，根据全文来选择 I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was said, ―You‘re never going to be 37(anything) A. bright but a failure. ‖ D. hopeful 36 and when I was 14 he
二、根据上下文语境，合理推断来解题 Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was us, but used 38 37. A. strict 38. A. help Practice： His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often 43. A. cared 44. A. clean 43 about that, Ed refused to buy a B. forgot B. straight C. quarreled 44 T-shirt or to lose weight. to bring out our best. B. honest B. peace 37 . He never criticized
三、利用语篇标志解题 （三找） 常见的标志性的词语有以下几种： 结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly； 逻辑关系： thus, therefore, so； 递进关系： besides, what‘s more, further;转折关系： while, however, on the but, other hand 等。 She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) 41 vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed. A. disappointing
C. uncomfortable D. important
1、找逻辑关系题（转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进） 2、找 NOT 题（在原文中找 not） 句式结构：前面肯定后面否定、前面否定后面肯定，则选对立关系的词。 考点： （以下条件缺一不可）
②出题位置在两个句子之间或第二个句子的开头， 不能处在一个句子的末尾或中间； ③选项中必须要有对立关系的词。 3、找 AND 题（在原文中找 and） 考点： ①and 前后选同义词，词性一致； ②and 前后选同一范围词； ③and 前后句子对应成分相同； ④在文章中，并列关系词前后如果出题，利用已知关系解题。 3、找同现复现原则
Liumei is among the __22__ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted (答应 给）Liu a full scholarship --- HK$500,000. Not all students are so fortunate. 22. A. poor B. smart C. lucky D. silent Friendship is one of the permanent themes in the literature of all language. ? Some of us like __2__ friends friends. Personally I prefer both. Having 2. A. true
friends has many advantages. ? C. same D. similar
四、根据逻辑推理解题 …and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange___quite pleasant taste. A. besides
五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning)
springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 desert.
areas like the
六、从语法角度来解题 I went into a caféand asked for a coffee . 21 I was waiting for my drink, I realized that
there were other people in the place , but I sensed 22 (loneliness). A．Before B．Since C．Although
Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then 23 later you had kept your mouth shut? B. hoped C. blamed D. shared
23. A. wished
解题思路： 利用语法分析解题， 选项中的动词都是过去式， 其后句宾语从句 had kept 是过去完成时，故判断是虚拟。 七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题 1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn‘t have gone into that place. 1.A.after all B. in all
D. for all
八、从词语辨析的角度来解题 When, two weeks later, I 38 Nigerian society. I should A. ran after this same boy, I was more aware of my position in
9(enjoy) this country as the son of a minister. C. ran over D. ran to
B. ran into
九、同义近义复现来解题 I believe that a mixture of friends is equally advantageous. One can ___7___ from
various sorts of friends in three aspects. First, frequent contacts with different friends
broaden my world outlooks. Just as various kinds of nutriments keep you healthy, making a __8__ of friends keep you lively. …
I have found that different friends can not
only lead to new adventures but also show me new avenues to success in life. …
7. A. obtain 8. A. range
B. benefit B. series
C. suffer C. quantity
D. earn D. variety
完形填空所选短文多没有标题,但一般首句是一个不设空(或较简单)的完整的句子,往往用以点 明短文的体裁,如议论、说明或叙述等。因此,我们在解题时一定要注意以首句的时态、语态及表述 方式为立足点来进行逻辑思维,判断文章体裁,找出文章中心。
所谓―题眼‖,就是指那些在短文中起重要作用的关键词以及能够帮助我们解决问题问题的特定 的语境。捕捉题眼,就是要迅速找到语篇中的特殊的内在联系——那些表示因果、递进、转折、指代 等意义的连接词及动词、形容词、副词、同位语等,还有那些明确具体的事实(如时间、地点、人物、 形状、色彩、顺序),以及它们之间的关系等。
在解题过程中,我们应该遵循―先易后难‖的原则,遇到少数疑难问题时不可徘徊不前。为了不影 响做题速度,我们可以暂时跳过难点,去解决那些靠上下文能确定的、比较直接具体的问题。或许在 上文中难以判断的题在下文中就有暗示或明确的表示,或许一个在前面不能解的题在填出了另一空 后会令你豁然开朗。一般说来,固定词组、习惯搭配、常见句型及明显的语法结构等易于判断。
到了这时,借助已经补全的空白,我们应该对全文有了更清楚的理解,可以集中解决所遗留的少数 疑难问题,如采用排除法逐步缩小包围圈等方法。对于实在无从下手的个别题目,我们则完全可以凭 语感来确定： 把几个选项逐一放在空格内念两遍,哪个念起来顺口、舒服就选哪个。注意：凭语感选定的答案 不要轻易改动,因为最初的感觉很可能是正确的。 在各空都已填出后,再复读全文。 我们必须重视这最后的弥补疏漏,改正错误的扫尾机会,以争取 最好成绩。
（2011·全国新课标卷）完形填空（ 共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分 ）
In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__ （同义复现） course about 20 years ago.（记叙文，回忆、人物、时间、事件 education） The professor __37__the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans（豆）, and invited the students to _38_（同义复现）how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer,（与前面 wrong 相对应）and went on saying, ‖You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is: Never__42__ your own senses.‖ Twenty years later, the __43__ （上文提到的人物）could guess what the professor had in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps,as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__(概括 的是答案)into an unknown world invisible（无形的）to the 46 only through scientific 系） even 48 47 ,which can be discovered
.But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or 顺接关 to understand the world. And she 50 that her
the invitation. She was just 49
firsthand experience could be the
51 .The professor, however, 与小女孩的观点相反的
said that it was 52（与 51 相对）.he was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. ―I remember feeling small and 54 ,‖（找 and）the women says, ―and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven‘t gone near science since.‖（找否定词） 36．A. art 37．A. searched fo 38．A. count 39．A. warning B. history B. looked at B. guess B. giving C. science C. got through C. report C. turning away D. math D. marched into D. watch D. listening to
40．A. ready 41．A. learned 42．A. lose 43．A. lecturer 44．A. described 45．A. voyage 46. A. professor 47. A. model 48. A. hear 49. A. suggesting 50. A. believed 51. A. growth 52. A. firm 53. A. task 54. A. cruel 55. A. dropped
B. possible B. prepared B. trust B. scientist B. respected B. movement B. eye B. senses B. make B. beginning B. doubted B. strength B. interesting B. tool B. proud B. started
C. correct C. taught C. sharpen C. speaker C. saw C. change C. knowledge C. spirit C. present C. pretending C. proved C. faith C. wrong C. success C. frightened C. passed
D. difficult D. taken D. show D. woman D. served D. rush D. light D. methods D. refuse D. waiting D. explained D. truth D. acceptable D. connection D. brave D. missed
【要点综述】本文是记叙文。二十年前，在第一节理科实验课上，一位教授做了一个实验，这个实 验告诉学生们，不要相信自己的判断。正是这个实验让一位妇女以后远离了理科。 36. C 联系下文 an important lesson about science 我们知道，这是一节理科实验课。 37. D 从空后的 placed upon his desk a large jar filled with…我们可以知道，老师走进了教室。 38. B 联系空后的 how many beans the jar contained 我们可以知道，教授让学生们猜一下，这个坛子 能装多少豆子。 39. D 联系空后的 shouts of wildly wrong guesses 我们知道，学生们喊出了各种错误的推测，教授听 了他们喊出的答案。 40. C 联系空前的 announced 和空后的 answer 我们知道，教授向学生们公布了正确答案。 41. A 联系空后的 an important lesson about science 我们知道，教授认为他们学到了一堂非常重要的 理科课程。
42. B 学生们的推测都是错误的，因此教授说， “不要相信你们的意识。 ” 43. D 联系下文 But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept…我们知道， 这个妇女能够推测教授心 里是怎么想的。 44. C 前文有提示：The professor 37 (marched into) the lecture hall，由此我们可以得出答案。 45. A 联系空后的 into the unknown world 我们知道，教授的目的是带学生们进行一次激动人心的知 识旅行。 46. B 联系后文 which can be discovered only through scientific 47 (method)我们知道， 这个世界是眼睛 看不到的，只有通过科学方法才可以看到。 47. D 联系前文的 invisible to the eye 我们知道，这个世界只有通过科学的方法才可以看到。 48. A 联系空前的 could not accept 我们知道，她不能接受，甚至听到这个邀请。or 在这里表达前后 为顺接关系，因此其他选项可以排除。 49. B 联系前文的 the seventeen-year-old girl 我们可以推断，这个小女孩年龄很小，只是刚刚开始认 识这个世界。 50. A 空后的 her firsthand experience could be the 51 (truth)是她的认识，因此我们选 believed。 51. D 联系前文我们知道，教授想告诉学生的是第一手经验并不一定是事情的真相，我们要通过科 学实验来验证真相，但是小女孩的想法与之相反。 52. C 联系前文我们可以知道，教授认为小女孩认识世界的方式是错误的。 53. B 显然空前提到的 her first-hand experience 就是她认识世界的工具。 54. C 联系下文的 haven‘t gone near science since 我们知道，她对理科产生了恐惧。 55. A 联系空后的 haven‘t gone near science since 我们知道，那天下午她就放弃了理科。D 有一定干 扰性，miss 意思是“错过” ，因此可以排除。
（ 共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分 ）
Sometimes people call each other ―scared-cat‖, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn‘t 16 this, its body is getting ready for action. 17 itself,
If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will or it will run away as fast as it can. 18
, when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our 19 changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get
bodies also go through many
tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves Human beings, feelings and let them 20 21 22 run. , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in
anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then 23 later you had kept
your mouth shut? It isn‘t always
to express your feelings freely. 25 our feelings? No! If you 26
Does this mean that it‘s smarter always to
feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays 27 . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be 28 for your health. 29 . It‘s like you bought 30
Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don‘t just
some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but you‘d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you‘d (盘旋) all over them. They‘d be rotten. You can try to treat emotions 33 32 31
little fruit flies hovering
they were bananas in the cupboard. You can 34 . And at last you‘ll have to 35 them.
they don‘t exist, but they‘ll still be
Just like those bananas. 16. A. mind 17. A. save 18. A. Truly 19. A. chemical 20. A. and 21. A. therefore 22. A. take off 23. A. wished 24. A. useful 25. A. handle 26. A. keep 27. A. relaxed 28. A. good 29. A. go away 30. A. long before 31. A. meet 32. A. as if 33. A. pretend B. admit B. help B. Frequently B. physical B. or B. but B. take on B. hoped B. right B. hurt B. find B. tense B. harmful B. go on B. as usual B. observe B. just as B. expect C. realize C. defend C. Similarly C. health C. but C. besides C. take over C. blamed C. easy C. hide C. control C. same C. helpful C. go up C. before long C. catch C. just after C. decide D. remember D. hide D. Differently D. ill D. yet D. however D. take up D. shared D. wise D. prevent D. let D. different D. useful D. go out D. right away D. see D. even though D. assume
34. A. in 35. A. eat up
B. around B. deal with
C. over C. throw away
D. beyond D. send out
Sometimes people call each other ―scared-cat‖, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn‘t 16 this, its body is getting ready for action. 17 itself,
If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will or it will run away as fast as it can. 16. A. mind B. admit C. realize
解题思路：题眼法\代入法 捕捉题眼，寻找契机：所谓―题眼‖就是解题线索，就是那些原句中出现的、对解题 起重要暗示作用的关键词。 找准关键词语,有时题干中带有对解题起着关键作用的词语， 如果能迅速找准这些词语，再结合各选项的意义和特点，就能很快选出正确答案。 17. A. save B. help C. defend D. hide
解题思路：没有同义复现或固定搭配，考虑概括的是解。 并列结构法: 根据文章中表示并列关系的连词或副词如:and/also/or 或逗号 ” “， 等， 它们的提点是 and 前后的成分结构相似，意义相关，再做出准确判断。
, when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our 19 changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get
bodies also go through many
tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves 18. A. Truly 20 run. B. Frequently C. Similarly D. Differently
解题思路：前后呼应法\代入法 前后呼应法：做完形填空要始终抓住文章本身，联系―双语境‖判断做题，即大语境 ——全文中心和基调；小语境——空格前后所构成的语意环境；再根据前有伏笔，后有 呼应的思路做题。 句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语，这些词语被
称为―语篇标志‖。 如表示结构层次的语篇标志语有： firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally 等； 表示逻辑关系的语篇标志语有： 表示改变话题的语篇标志语有： 表示递进关系的语篇标志语有： 表示时间关系的语篇标志语有： 19. A. chemical thus, therefore, so 等； by the way 等； besides, what‘s more, further 等； before, so far, yet, meanwhile, later 等。 C. health D. ill
解题思路： 摆脱思维定势， “陷阱” chemical， 后提示句 Our hearts beat faster, 排除 and our muscles get tense.都是 physical。 20. A. and B. or 17 C. but D. yet
解题思路：与前面句子 It will 复现。
itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 同义
同义复现：是英语中常见的一种现象。为强调某一意思，但又不想重复使用某个 词，文中前后两处会使用一组同义词或同义词组。由于在完形填空题中，这两个同义词 的位置多半比较靠近，很容易找到。无须过多推理，只须确定相同的是哪个意思，然后 找出选项中与之相符的一项即可。 Human beings, feelings and let them 21 22 , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in
anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then your mouth shut? It isn‘t always 21. A. therefore 24 23 later you had kept
to express your feelings freely. C. besides D. however
解题思路：转折特点： but 转折法：文中一出现―but‖ ―Although‖ ―though‖ ―however,‖ ―while‖等词，应该 马上想到前后语意有转折。只要知道其中一方的语意，就可以反向推出另一方的意思， 从而解题。完形填空题中，but 一词后多半会设题。所以，大家在考试时，只要看到 but 就做一个标记，遇到类似 but 这样表转折的词也同样处理。这样便于回到原文去寻找解 题的依据。
22. A. take off
B. take on
C. take over
D. take up
解题思路：and 并列结构法,give way to 的同义词 let 。 。take 23. A. wished B. hoped C. blamed D. shared
解题思路： 利用语法分析解题， 选项中的动词都是过去式， 其后句宾语从句 had kept 是过去完成时，故判断是虚拟。 24. A. useful B. right C. easy 。 D. wise
利用暗示和对应解题：虽然重点是对语法、短语和词的辨析、句子结构的考查， 但对文章故事情节发展线索的逻辑考查仍是重点。 暗示与上下对应的思维方法， 是突破 此类完形填空最关键的思维方式。
Does this mean that it‘s smarter always to
our feelings? No! If you
feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays 27 . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be 25. A. handle 解题思路：同义复现法 26. A. keep B. find C. control D. let B. hurt 28 for your health. D. prevent
解题思路：利用语法分析解题，动词 inside。 27. A. relaxed B. tense
可以带宾补 hidden away or bottled up
解题思路：跨段落篇章复现 tense 查找文章多处反复复现概念的已知词：复现可以是相同的词在文章的不同地方重 复出现。 复现的解题意义在于： 如果判断出一个未知填空与上下文的那些已知词汇有复 现关系，只要从选项中选出与那些词汇意义相同的就是正确答案。 28. A. good B. harmful C. helpful D. useful
解题思路：利用关联成分，将 illnesses 设置成已知，另一个是未知的，这样那个 已知的词语便成为破解未知词语的关键线索。illnesses 会对 health Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don‘t just 29 ？ . It‘s like you bought 30
some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but
you‘d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you‘d (盘旋) all over them. They‘d be rotten. 29. A. go away B. go on C. go up
little fruit flies hovering
D. go out
解题思路：看清上下文，找准定位词充分利用文章的上下文和前后句，找到对选 择有提示作用的词或句，go ?
看看文章中动词都与哪些副词或介词搭配成动词短语？ It will 17 itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 26 feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up 27 . B. as usual 30 C. before long D. right away
No! If you
inside, your body stays
30. A. long before
you‘d smell them. 句中的‘d=would 是
过去将来时.in no time=by and by=in a flash=before long=soon 是将来时的时间状语， 表示 “很快” ；而 right away=right now=quickly=at once=immediately 则不受限制！ 31. A. meet B. observe 31 C. catch D. see
解题思路： 利用语法分析解题， you‘d
little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over
them. （A. meet ，B. observe， C. catch ，D. see）little fruit flies hovering (盘旋)。
You can try to treat emotions 33
they were bananas in the cupboard. You can 34 . And at last you‘ll have to 35 them.
they don‘t exist, but they‘ll still be
Just like those bananas. 32. A. as if B. just as C. just after D. even though 32 they were
解题思路：利用语法分析解题，You can try to treat emotions bananas in the cupboard.是虚拟句。 33. A. pretend B. expect C. decide
D. assume exist？
解题思路：抉择于 A. pretend 和 D. assume 之间，
绝对相近法：它是从选项着手分析的，若四个选项中有两个选项绝对矛盾、相近和 对立，那么正确选项大多在这两个对立项之间产生，二者必居其一，至于究竟是两者中 的哪一个，则需进一步根据上下文的语境判断。注意固定的搭配，包括动词与介词的搭 配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等，同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。
34. A. in
解题思路：exist =be there, there= in? around? Over? beyond? 35. A. eat up B. deal with C. throw away D. send out
解题思路：容易错选 C.throw away，概括的是解。 16——20 CCCBB 21——25 DCADC 26——30ABBAC 31——35 DAABB
高考英语完型填空实战演练二（ 共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分 ） Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute， a very special occasion. It was almost 17 16 today was
by getting there an hour beforehand that she raced through her mind. ―Do I look all right? 21 me? "After all，it 23 out of her
18 to cause the plane to arrive sooner： 19 Will he notice that I‘m wearing a 20
trouser suit? Will he even 22
was a year almost to the day since she had
seen Joe. She fished a 24
handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up？. Joe had
made any comment
but she knew that he did not approve of（赞成）heavy make-up—―gilding the lily‖，he 25 it. It was funny how much importance she attached to all，friends do not judge each other by 27 long separation，and she wanted everything to Looking out of the window，Joe 29 26 a good impression on him. After
All the same，it was the first meeting after a 28 right· 30 ，
a first glimpse，through a break in the 31
of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had
him to be the guest
lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee，as a matter of Courtesy（礼貌） ，had. previous occasions. This time， 33 32 to meet him at the airport，as he had done on 34 because Joe was quite 35 the afternoon
， was not necessary， it
familiar with the city，but mainly because Anna had said that she could off in order to come and meet him. 16. A. and 17. A. because 18. A. thought 19. A. Idea 20. A. new B. but B. since B. liked B. Facts B. strange C. for C. as if C. had C. Thoughts C. latest D. as
D. when D. hoped D. Matters D. single
21. A. like 22. A. before 23. A. purse 24. A. never 25. A. told 26. A. offering 27. A. appearance
B. recognize B. recently B. handkerchief B. almost B. called B. taking B. clothes
C. terrify C. last C. mirror C. often C. saw C. having C. make-up C. go off C. enjoyed C. train C. told C. intended C. instead C. partly C. take
D. tell D. most D. book D. regularly D. thought D. making D. looking D. get out D. met D. clouds D. informed D. attempted D. as well D. separately D. leave
28. A. come across B. turn up 29. A. caught 30. A. air 31. A. employed 32. A. offered 33. A. therefore 34. A. luckily 35. A. put B. left B. rain B. invited， B. arrived B. however B. really B. make
高考英语完型填空实战演练二（ 共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分 ） Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute， 16 a very special occasion. It was almost 17 today was
by getting there an hour beforehand that she raced through her mind. ―Do I look all right? 21 me? "After all，it 23 out of her
18 to cause the plane to arrive sooner： 19 Will he notice that I‘m wearing a 20
trouser suit? Will he even 22
was a year almost to the day since she had
seen Joe. She fished a 24
handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up？. Joe had
made any comment
but she knew that he did not approve of（赞成）heavy make-up—―gilding the lily‖，he 25 it. It was funny how much importance she attached to all，friends do not judge each other by 27 long separation，and she wanted everything to 16. A. and B. but 26 a good impression on him. After
All the same，it was the first meeting after a 28 C. for right· D. as
词原级，后句是比较级；前句是一般过去式，后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时， 后句是一般过去式；后句有一‖still‖词；前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示 ―可能‖的副词。 17. A. because B. since C. as if D. when
解题思路：利用语法分析解题，because，since，when 接句子。 18. A. thought B. liked C. had D. hoped
解题思路：sooner 是将来时间状语，hope 与将来时有关！ 19. A. Idea B. Facts C. Thoughts D. Matters 20 trouser suit?
解题思路：―Do I look all right? Will he notice that I‘m wearing a Will he even 21 me? 这两个问句说明她在想。 Think = B. strange C. latest 20 19
raced through her mind.? D. single
20. A. new
解题思路：利用排除法解题 I‘m wearing a
trouser suit? Will he even 20 trouser suit?
recognize me? "怀疑是否能 recognize 我，说明 I‘m wearing a 21. A. like 解题思路：代入法 22. A. before 解题思路：代入法 23. A. purse B. handkerchief C. mirror ？ C. often B. recently C. last B. recognize C. terrify
解题思路：与 make-up 相关的是 24. A. never B. almost
解题思路：but 说明前面应是否定词。 25. A. told B. called C. saw it.=he 25 D. thought it ―gilding the lily‖？ D. making
解题思路：代入法―gilding the lily‖，he 25 26. A. offering B. taking
解题思路：代入法，词汇辨析 27. A. appearance B. clothes 解题思路： judge each other by 27 28. A. come across B. turn up C. make-up ？概括的是解。 C. go off D. get out D. looking
解题思路：联想法 Everything goes well,Everything 与 go 搭配！
Looking out of the window，Joe 29
a first glimpse，through a break in the 31
of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had
him to be the guest
lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee，as a matter of Courtesy（礼貌） ，had previous occasions. This time， 33 32 to meet him at the airport，as he had done on 34 because Joe was quite 35 the afternoon
，it was not necessary
familiar with the city，but mainly because Anna had said that she could off in order to come and meet him. 29. A. caught B. left C. enjoyed
解题思路：固定搭配，包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名 词的搭配等，同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。删除干扰部分，就是将起干扰作用的定 语从句、 介词短语或插入语删除 Joe 29 of the town far below. 30. A. air B. rain C. train D. clouds a first glimpse， through a break in the 30 ，
解题思路：the town far below.暗示是从飞机向下看，突然 a break 看不到了片刻是 因为天空中 挡了一下？ B. invited C. told D. informed ？ D. attempted
31. A. employed
解题思路：Autumn Congress 与 guest lecturer 有关的动词是 32. A. offered B. arrived C. intended
解题思路：intended 与 attempted 近义，应排除，承诺去接。 33. A. therefore B. however C. instead D. as well
解题思路：转折特点：一句肯定，一句否定；前后句有一组反义词；前句是形副 词原级，后句是比较级；前句是一般过去式，后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时， 后句是一般过去式；后句有一‖still‖词；前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示 ―可能‖的副词。 34. A. luckily B. really C. partly D. separately
解题思路：转折特点：一句肯定，一句否定；前后句有一组反义词；前句是形副 词原级，后句是比较级；前句是一般过去式，后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时， 后句是一般过去式；后句有一‖still‖词；前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示 ―可能‖的副词。后面句子中 it was not necessary because Joe was quite familiar with
the city，but mainly because Anna had said that she could take the afternoon off 提示未知的 空应是 mainly 的反义词。 35. A. put B. make C. take D. leave
解题思路：固定搭配，包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与 名词的搭配等， 同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。 不知道 take off 是请假的话， 联想 have two days off 是请 2 天假的意思也行，因为词组也含 off. 36—40 BCDCA 41—45 BCCAB 46—50 DACAD 51—55 BABCC
2012 高考英语高频词组汇【经典 100 组】
很多同学觉得英语学不会很大程度上有由于词汇量太少所致。。。然而其实不然，有一些词汇 很简单，你个个都认识可组合起来就不一定了或者意思就会产生偏差，这就是名曰词组的东西。可 恰恰有些词组总是受到高考命题老师们的偏爱，特此整理出来以便同学们整理背诵。 【好好记一记， 比背单词的效率高多了呢~(*^__^*) 】 1 abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于（某种感情或冲动） 2 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事 3 to the best of one's ability 尽力 4 be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然。。。 5 above all 首先，最重要； in all 总计 after all 毕竟; 终究 6 at home and abroad 在国内外 go abroad 出国 7 in sb.'s absence 不在时 in the absence of （人）不在时 be absent from 缺席 8 be absorbed in 全神贯注于 9 access to 接近；进入 10 by accident 偶然 by chance by mistake 由于错误 11 be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误 12 be accompanied by 附有；伴随 13 according to (后面不接 view,opinion…); in my opinion 14 collect accounts 收账； open an account 开账户； keep accounts 记账 ; account for 说明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为 15 accuse sb. of… 控告某人； charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人； Blame sb. for sth. 责备某人 16 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事 17 have some acquaintance with 熟悉；熟知 18 come (run) across （偶然）碰到 ; get sth. across 使人理解；领会 19 act as 充当，担任 act out 表演（对话、故事）； act on(upon) 对。。。起作用 20 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事； take action 采取行动 21 be active in 在。。。积极 take an active part in 积极参加 lead an active life 过着积极的生活 22 adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to 使某物适应 adapt from 根据。。。改写（改编） 23 add in 包括； 加进去 add to 增加；加强 add… to 把。。。加到。。。上 add up to 合加起来
24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的；上了。。。瘾的 25 in addtion/ in addtion to 此外 26 deliver an address to 向。 。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词 27 admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认 28 in advance=beforehand 提前 29 be of great (no ) advantage to 对。。。大大有利（毫无裨益） gain(have) an advantage over 优 于；胜过； take advantage of sb. 利用某人；欺骗某人 30 put an advertisement 登广告 31 ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何 何干某事提出忠告 32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告；advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事 33 be afraid of 害怕；担心 be afraid to do 不敢做某事 34 be after 寻求；追求 35 be against one's proposal 反对（意见 go against nature 违背自然 stand against the wall 靠墙而 立 36 at the age of 在。。。岁时； be under age 未成年 37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食 对气候等的适应 agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal … agree on (upon) 。。。就。。达成一致意见 38 ahead of ( time) 在。。。前面 go ahead 继续；前进 39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 in aid of 支持 ；give sb. first aid 对某人实施急 救 40 aim at 瞄准 41 on the air 用无线电、电视） （ 播送 in the air 在空中； by air 乘飞机； put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子 42 all along 一直；始终 all over the country(world)遍及全国（世界） all alone 单独；独自地 all but 几乎；差一点 43 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 44 let alone 更不用说 There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs. 45 get along (on) with 在。。。方面有进展 take along with 随身携带 46 not only…but also 47 make an analysis of 分析 48 in the ancient time 在古代 49 and so on/and so forth 等等 50 be angry about sth.对某事生气 be angry at sth.因某事生气 be be angry with sb.生某人的气 51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。。。使某人生气；52 one after another 相继 53 answer for 对。。。负责 answer sb.'s call 回电话 make no answer 不作回答 54 be anxious about ( for) 为。。。担心 be anxious to do 渴望（急于）做某事 55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉 56 in appearance 外貌上 make one's appearance 登台 by/from all appearances 显然 57 apply…to… 将。。应用于 apply for 申请 apply to 适应于 apply oneself to 专心致志于 ； apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物 58 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间
59 approach to 接近 make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨 60 approve of 赞同 61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事；argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 62 arm in arm 肩并肩 hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms 抱 be armed to the teeth 全副武装 63 arrange for 安排；准备 arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事 make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备；安排 64 as a whole 作为总体 on the whole 总体上 65 as…as one can 尽力；尽可能 66 as to/with regard to 至于；说到 67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧 be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧 68 ask for sth. 请求 ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 69 every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面 70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 71 associate..with… 把。。。和。。联系起来 ; in association with … 与。。。联手 72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news) 对。。感到惊奇 73 at the latest 最迟 74 e attached to 附属于。。。；依恋； attach sth. to… 把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。上 75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做。。。；attempt at sth. 试图获得 76 attend on/to sb. 照看/护理某人； attend to 关心；照料 77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意 hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于 devote one's attention to 专心于 turn one's attention to 将注意力转向 pay attention to 注意 78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。 79 on (the ) average 按平均； above( below) average 平均以上（下） 80 be aware of 意识到，觉察 81 back and forth 来回地（屋内） 82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人；at the back of 在。。。后 lie on one's back 朝天躺着 83 go from bad to worse 每况愈下 84 go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐 85 keep(lose) balance 保持（失去）平衡 ; be in the balance 悬而未决 86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 be under a ban 被禁止 87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基础； be based on 基于 on…basis=on the basis of 以。。。为根据； 在。。。基础上 88 battle against 向。。。开战； battle with 与。。。搏斗； battle for 为。。。而战 89 because of + 名词（代词、 what 从句） 90 make the bed 整理床铺；in bed/on the bed 在床上 91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事； beg for sth. 请求得到 beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事 92 begin with 从。。。开始 93 on behalf of 代表 ; on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义 94 believe in 信赖
95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于 96 beyond recognition 认不出来 beyond belief 难以置信 beyond description 无法用言语表达 beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解 97 by birth 在血统上 at birth 诞生；出生 give birth to 生（产） 98 bit by bit 一点点地 do one's bit 尽一点（份） quite a bit 相当多 比较： not a bit 一点也不 not a little 很，非常 99 be black and blue 遍体鳞伤 100 bear the blame 受过 lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上
不易策略，扫描选项，在万变中找到不变的规律！ 简易策略，瞻前顾后，化繁为简，化难为易！ 变易策略，左顾右盼，以变制变，熟能生巧！
首尾段首尾句,边做边看选项中与中心同现词或复现词! 扫描选项 同义词 / 同类词排除 高频答案词 相反项有解
同现 思路 瞻前顾后 复现 逻辑结构
P 原则 关联结构
技 巧 归纳 : 感情色 彩 时态暗 示法 动 词综合法 (主语 /宾语是人是物? 及不及 物? 过程还是结 果?......), ...... (略) 共 20 多项法则,交叉都指向同一个答案才最准确! 满分策略: 五四运动法 串线交叉法 主线贯穿法, ......(略)
节选教案试看! 瞻前顾后 同现 复现 逻辑结构
中心同现是指段落的首段的中心词或段落中反复出现的名词或名词词组,在被选空格内的句子 中也重复出现或与其意思倾斜向;词汇同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或者某一领域的词汇在文章 中共同出现，达到语义衔接的目的。一般来说，上下文中词汇的范畴越小，上下文的衔接关系越紧 密。 首段首句一般都是中心句,名词是核对重点! ◆Then , mountain --- climbing began to grow popular as a sport. To some people, there is something greatly ___28____ about getting to the ___29____ of a high mountain: a struggle against nature is finer than a battle ___30____other human begins. And then , when you are at the mountain top after a long and difficult ____31____, what a ___32____ reward ( 奖品 ) it is to be able to look ___33___ on everything within ___34____! At such time , you feel happier and prouder than you can ever feel down ___35___. 与首尾句名词 动词 形容词 副词倾向! 28.A.excited 32.A.surprising B. interested B.excited C.dangerous C.disappointing D.terrible D.astonishing
◆Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her ___1___ concert. She had been waiting for this __2__ for years and years. ―Now it is here at last,‖ she thought. ―How beautiful her ___3___ is.‖ The song made her ___4___ to the days when she was Lauren‘s ___5___. As a young ___6___, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___7___ in France, Italy and in the United States. ―You can become a fine ___8___ in the future,‖ her teachers told her. ―But you must be ___9___ to study hard and work for many years. 3. A. voice 7. A. French 8. A. actress B. face B. music B. student C. dress C. piano C. singer D. life D. dance D. dancer
抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词) ◆Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲厅 ) but
in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. 1. A. subjects B. paintings C. speeches D. lectures
仅有技巧和词汇是不够的,高频答案词及短语,是突破的关键!但相当多的具体情况 和难以处理的选项,做起来还是有些吃力,怎么办? 吴军老师刚刚出炉的 2012 高考英语完形暗示点全归纳将使您傲视群雄!
宾语从句是特殊疑问句 WH-或 whether/if 时,要选下列动词: ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess
答题选动词: 〖2011·全国新课标卷〗The professor 37 with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled 38 how many beans the jar contained. After 39 answer, and
shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 40 went on saying, “You have just 41 an important lesson about science. 38. A．count B. guess C. report D. watch
考察动词，或根据后文 wildly wrong guesses 的提示，考虑复现选 B。 反过来选 WH-或 whether/if: 〖2011·安徽卷〗One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask 41 there were any job
opportunities(机会)，The people there advised me not to continue my job search in that 42 . 41. A. why B. wherever C. whether D. whenever
一天，作者走进一座大楼去问―是否‖(whether)有自己能做的工作。选 C。A 项为―为什么‖；B 项为―无论在那‖；D 项为―无论何时‖
为了让您更加深信不疑,我们再免费发布一个法则,你可以马上用下列真题或你学 校的模拟练习题来验证一下,好使,就要赶紧预定呦!每省仅限定 10 套,额满即!止
◆―I’m sorry, but we have enough 27 for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we‘ll talk then.‖ Jenna smiled 28 and left. ―Why is high school so 29 ?‖ she sighed.
叹气 sighed 说明是勉强的,选消极的 weakly
28. A. widely
B. weakly 38
C. excitedly ,not to anyone in particular. C.carefully D.calmly
◆Tired and sad,she told her story 38.A.tearfully B.seriously
◆It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life‘s _42_ . 41. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. not pleased D. careful
〖2011·四川卷〗I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 21 in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December that year. 22 . I was distraught（忧心如
while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me 焚的） .Some days later, I was made a fortune 23
that a guy who was working with us that day. ―could probably have
\24 he necklace he found.‖ 25 , he returned it. B. disappeared C . broke D. dropped
22 空就近 distraught（忧心如焚的）是负的,只有 disappear 是负的；burn 燃烧；break 打破；drop 降低，落下。有后文的我感到―忧心如焚‖及―归还‖（return）可知此处是指项链丢失了。B
〖2011· 安徽卷〗 Nearly ten minutes later, he 45, He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay 46 . Then he offered to take me to Royal Oak to 47 a job. 积极的! 48 feeling about him. Along the way ,I realized that I had 49 copies. He
I was a little surprised. but had a
resumes(简历). Seeing this, the man 50 at his business partner‘s office to make me fifteen 51
also gave me some 52 on dressing and speaking. I handed out my resumes and went home feeling very 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak offering me a job. 46. A. silent B. busy C. positive D. comfortable
他问了问我的打算，鼓励我要振作起来，不要灰心。选 C。A 项为―沉默不语的‖；B 项为―忙绿 的‖；C 项为―积极乐观的，有信心的‖；D 项为―舒适的，舒服的‖。 48. A. dull B. good C. guilty D. general
作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇，但是对他充满了―好感‖ (good feeling)。选 B。A 项为―阴暗 的，无趣的‖；C 项为―内疚的‖；D 项为―一般的，普通的‖。 53. A. lonely B. funny C. disappointed D. satisfied
我分发完简历回到家感到非常―满意‖(satisfied)。选 D。A 项为―寂寞的，孤独的‖；B 项为―滑稽
〖2011·四川卷〗Some days later, I was ―could probably have made a fortune I‘d 26 24
that a guy who was working with us that day. —why not go
the necklace he found.‖ 25 , he returned it. Hearing how 27
Mum for six months before her death, he said, ―Christmas is going to be
out to the Alps for a couple of weeks? 27.A.long B. hard C. merry D. free
death.在 27 空附近是负的,B 项对应。 在万家团圆的圣诞节， 母亲刚去世， 对我来说一定很难熬。 B 吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗？是！一点儿没错！效果是绝对的真实！作为一种标准化 考试，选择题本身是有很多缺陷的,这些缺陷就是暗示点，就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通 过对历年真题的长时间的研究，对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的挖掘和整理,将其转化为 超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上，甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影！甚 至是一剑封喉！ 马上用吴军英语高分密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老 师，您太幸运了！ 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!
现在预定吴军 2012 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案
2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案 2012 高考英语高频答案词汇教案 2012 年 4 月初恢复原价！ 原价 3200 元 原价 6000 元 原价 5000 元 现5折 现6折 现5折 1600 元 3600 元 2500 元
迎接 2012 高考，我们信心十足！
冬天的梅花，非常耀眼.其实，梅花开的并不艳丽，只是因为你喜欢她，所以才心 明眼亮.如果到了百花盛开的春天， 你能身在花丛眼不花， 还能看到淡淡素素的梅花吗？ ? 高考英语也经常遇到这种情景， 有时已知条件非常之多， 提供的信息诱惑也非常之 泛.此时，你能“情有独钟”地筛选出你需要的她吗？?
七品芝麻官，说的是这个官很小，就是芝麻那么小的一点. 《阿里巴巴》用“芝麻 开门” ，讲的是“以小见大”. 就是那点芝麻，竟把那个庞然大门给“点”开了. 以点成 线、以点带面、两线交点、三线共点、还有顶点、焦点、极限点等等，足以说明“点” 的重要性. 要有诗人般的细心和灵感,发现这些隐藏起来的点!
西餐宴上， 摆着漂亮的什锦比萨. 众人虽然都在称好， 但没有一人动手. 原来这东西 罩在一个透明的“玻璃盒”里，不知从哪儿打开，大家只好故作谦让，互相叫“请”. ? 一小孩不顾礼节，拿着餐刀往“盒”上直戳，七戳，八戳，戳到了“玻璃盒”的花 纹处，此时盒子竟像莲花一样自动地启开了. 大家惊喜，夸这孩子有见识. 其实，这孩 子的成功在他的“敢于一试” ，在试试中碰到了盒子的入口.? 高考英语何尝没遇上这种情境？我们有时苦心焦虑地寻找破题的入口，其实，自己 此时正站在入题的大门口前，只是不敢动手一试.吴军和张勇强老师不过是在日以继夜 的研究教学过程中,发现了迅捷提分和满分密码的入口,进入后,不断的深入而已!
侠客的剑: 推助满分的力量! (棒极了!)
关羽不同于诸葛. 诸葛是智星，靠着扇子；关羽是武士，用的大刀. “过关斩将” 用这大刀， “水淹七军”用这大刀. 关羽的“切瓜分片”是什么意思？切者，七刀也， 分者， 八刀也！ 再难的高考英语完形和阅读题，经过这七刀、八刀，最后不就粉碎了吗！ 强军高考英语暗示点全归纳,高频答案词一本通,阅读矩阵法则，完型胜经等 7 刀 8 剑将 助您“过关斩将” ！
无线索 1、题干无线索的推理 题干 2、判断题
（数字、大写、专名、显性逻辑关系） 题干定位原则 1 数字、大写、专名 2 逻辑关系 因 手段 条件 3 成分定位 4 主旨靠 5 找意思一致内容 大忌： （只定位个别词、忽视题干、逻辑、成分） 果 目的 事实 与主旨靠 原文找意思一样的内容 选项定位
1 全文反复重复的内容 2 题干与原文貌离神合 3 使用原文的近义结构 主-- -被 真---虚 人---物 陈述---倒装
4 使用原文、原词、原结构 5 使用原文的反说 6 使用原文的上义词、下义词、同一 范畴词 7 使用原文的总结归纳 8 使用原文的分说例证
张勇强阅读选项对比 36 计(部分节选)
1 内容相似 都排除
目前，高考英语选择题只能选取一个正确答案！ 54. It can be inferred from the passage that___. A. no drugs have been found to treat the disease B. the alternative treatment is not easily available to most people A=B C. malaria has developed its ability to resist parasites D. nobody knows what will be the drug to treat the disease
有一大汉，想进某屋. 门上并未加锁，但他久推不开，弄得满头大汗.? 后面传来一位小姐轻轻的声音： “先生别推，请向后拉！ ”? 大汉真的向后一拉，果然门就轻轻地开了. 大汉奇怪地问： “这门上并没有写拉字，你怎么知道 是拉门的呢？”? 小姐答： “因为我看到你推了半天，门还不动，那就只有拉了！ ” 41.We can learn from the text that__________. A. email is less popular than the fax service B. the postal service has over the years become faster C. the postal service has over the years become slower D. the fax service has a history as long as the postal service does 74. We can learn from the text that the driver needs to stop for a break when his response time is _____. A. about 400 milliseconds C. over 500 milliseconds B. below 500 milliseconds B> <C D. about 4 minutes B> <C
73. The underlined phrase ―the most vocal‖ in Paragraph 3 means __________. A. those who try their best to win B. those who value competition most highly C. those who are against competition most strongly B> <C D. those who rely on others most for success 80．The last paragraph implies that RFID technology A．will not be used for such matters as buying milk B．will be widely used, including for buying milk C．will be limited to communication uses A> <B .
D．will probably be used for pop music 63.According to the passage, listening only with ears may happen to us when____ A) we are emotionally tired B) we are physically disabled A> <C
C) we are so interested in the topic D) we are asked many questions
72.Q: There is unlikely any life on Venus because______. A．it has very thin atmosphere B．the surface temperature is too hot C．the weather is too cold D．it is extremely short of water B> <C
一时装模特，在表演时，自己笑了，台下一片喝彩声. 她自感成功，下去向老板索奖. 谁知老板 不仅没奖，反而把她炒了. 冤枉不？不冤枉！模特二字，特是幌子，模是目的. 模特表演是不能笑 的. 试想，模特一笑，只能显示模特本人的特色，谁还去看她身上的服装呢？所以，模特一笑，特 在模掉！?
70. According to the study of Brown Medical School, ______. A. more than 6 million Americans distrust doctors B. only 1/10 of medical websites aim to make a profit C. about 1/10 of the websites surveyed are of high quality D. 72% of health websites offer incomplete and faulty facts E. 72. According to the text, Driver Alert _____. A. aims to reduce tiredness-related accidents B. has gone through testing at laboratories C. aims to prevent drivers from sleeping D. has been on sale for 12 months 69. When people suffer from Alzheimer‖s disease, _______. A. their families and friends will suffer from the same disease B. their families and friends will experience mental sufferings C. they will certainly die in 8 to 10 years D. they will forget everybody but their spouses A≈B A≈C B≈C
16. The rapid-transit rail lines should ______. A. develop as quickly as possible C. develop after local economic development B. develop with local economic development D. develop with the construction industry B≈C
一群人到庙里上香，其中有一个聋子，还有一个小孩.? 上香完毕，发现小孩不见了.半天找不到影子后，大家来“问”这聋子.聋子把手一指，发现小孩 藏在大钟底下，而且还在用手拍钟.大家奇怪，连我们都没有听见小孩拍钟的声音，聋子怎么听着 了呢？? 其实，大伙把事情想错了，聋子哪里听到了钟声，只是凭着他的亮眼，发现大钟底下是藏小孩 的好地方.? 74．According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A．Mountaineering is a match between cl
copyright ©right 2010-2020。