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2014高考英语书面表达基础训练题(1)


2014高考英语书面表达基础训练题(1)及答案
【2014高考英语南京市、盐城市一模】 书面表达(满分25分) 81. 请阅读下面背景材料,并根据问题,用英文写一篇短文向学校英文报投稿。 In China, an online shopping festival falls on November 11 when millions of Chinese shoppers

go to Tmall.com and Taobao.com. In 2012, Tmall and Taobao together made 19.1 billion in sales on that day. However, in 2013, the shopping festival kicked off wi th an even stronger start – sales hit 100 million yuan 55 seconds after midnight and reached 35 billion at the end of the day. This is just one of many companies that did business on that day. What does this material reflect?What is behind the phenomenon? And what is your comment or advice on it? 注意: 1. 词数150左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数。 2. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 3. 参考词汇:理性的 rational

With the swift development of the Internet,

【参考范文】A possible version: With the swift development of the Internet, we can see online shopping has become a new trend in our daily life. There are several factors behind this phenomenon. First of all, it is very convenient for people to purchase what they want or like with the Internet easily accessible via computers or cellphones. Second, people shopping online have more choices of goods than they do in real shops and are able to save time as well. Third, the relatively

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low prices on the Internet also account for higher sales online. In my opinion, as the pace of life quickens, it is natural for people to choose online shopping to save time and energy. But when we enjoy the convenience it brings us, we should be careful because sometimes the quality of goods cannot be guaranteed. Furthermore, we’d better stay rational and just buy what we really need, otherwise it would cause a waste of money and resources. (150 words)

【2013 界广东省惠州市三模】 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 上周一你们班围绕“追星族”现象进行了一次讨论会,同学们就“追星”的现象、原因等 展开了讨论 1.年轻人作为追星族的主体花太量的时间、精力,甚至金钱收集明星的资料参加他们的演 唱会。 2. 许多年轻人深感压力.、缺乏信任感,“追星"可给他们带来厂定的安全感。 3. 明星常引领当舍被尚潮流。 【写作内容】 1. 根据以上内容,描述这次讨论会; 2. 谈谈你对“追星族”现象的看法。 【写作要求】 只能使用五个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 参考词汇: 追星族 fans of celebrities 【参考范文】基础写作 Last week we had a heated discussion in our class on the issue of pursuing celebrities,in which we talked about the phenomenon and the reasons.Young people,making up the major about celebrities ,not only spend plenty of time and energy in collecting information abourt celebrites but also pay a large amount of money for
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their concerts .Their crazy behavior shows that they are under great pr essure and lack sense of trust.Being fans can bring them sense of security to some degree and the fact that celebrities often lead the fashion trend of modern times also contributes to their admiration,As for me,I think we students should try to achieve the balance between chasing celebritise and studying hard because after all,accumulating knowledge and learning skills are our main task at present.

【2013 界广东省惠州市三模】 读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分 y 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 1. The ministry of Education is considering new measures to test the physical quality of students across the country each year, Beijing News reported. According to the measures, every student in a school is required to participate in the annual test and the results should be reported to the Ministry, which will select a specified number of students from each province each year to test their suppleness and endurance. The Ministry will select 4 pilot provinces this year and the measures are expected to expand across the whole country next year. 2. In Guangdong province it is reported that the students in Junior 3 are required to take 100-meter swimming test and the results will be part in the total grade in 2014. Also there is a growing voice in society that NCEE (National College Entrance Examination) should include PE tests. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括两篇报道的内容: 2. 然后以约 120.个词,.就以上新闻话题发表你的看法,包括如下要点 (1) 体育成绩纳入总分的重要性; (2) 简述你所在学校加强学生体育锻炼的做法; (3) 你所喜欢的体育项目对如的影响。 【写作要求.】
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1. 在作文中可以使用自已亲身的经历或虚构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的 内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中,不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】. 概括准确, 、语言规范,内容合适,.篇章连贯。 【参考范文】读写任务: According to the two reports,new measures about physical assessment among students are being congsidered in Beijing and Guangdong.Besides,the society calls for more attention to students’ physical quality. With more attention being paid to students’ academic achievements,people gradually ignore the positive influence of physical exercise on students.It brings about an increasing number of students who are weak in body.As the saying

goes ,healrh is pre-condition of all work.In order to strengthen students’ health and make them qualified to undertake the reponsibility to bulid up our country ,our government and schools should consider students’ taking PE tests when they graduate and the results should be part in the total grade. In our school,we have two PE classes each week,in which our PE teachers often teach us to do proper exericise to relax ourselves.Besides,there is a “big break”for us,which lasts thirty minutes every day after the third period in the afternoon.When the music for “big break”s tarts,we will hurry to the playground to do exercise and then do some running.The greatest sports event in our school is the annual sports meeeting .It pushes everyone’s enthusiasm about physical exercise to the fullest. As far as I’m concerned,I’m fond of jogging.On one hand,it’s not a rough sport and convenient to do every day,from which I relax myself a lot and refresh my mind.On the other hand,it strengthens my suppleness ,endurance and perseverance to deal with the difficulties in my study.

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【2013 界广东省揭阳市二模】

基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你是英语俱乐部的成员,参加俱乐部组织的英语学习经验交流,介绍自己最喜欢的英语 读物。 【写作内容】 请你根据以下表内内容介绍《21 世纪学生英文报》“高中版”。 名 称 《21 世纪学生英文报》“高中版”(21 2001 年 10 月 中国高中学生 周刊 满足高中生学英语的要求,提高他们的英语应用能力 根据高中学生的阅读水平,提供国内外的时事新闻 八大版块(section),包括 Frontpage, Our World, Campus Trends 等;涉 包 网 容 及时事新闻、文化、社会生活、娱乐、体育等等 址 http://www.i21st.cn/ 这是一份优秀的英语报刊;受益匪浅
st

Century Teens Senior Edition)

创 办 时 间 读 者 对 象 报 纸 类 型 宗 旨

报 纸 特 色

个 人 感 受 【写作要求】

只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 【参考范文】基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)

Founded in October, 2001, 21st Century Teens Senior Edition is an English language
weekly designed for senior high school students in China. To meet the needs of senior high school students to learn English and improve their ability in using the language, the Weekly provides up-to-date news at home and abroad, which is suitable for their reading level. It contains eight sections, such as Frontpage, Our World, Campus Trends, covering culture, social life, sports,
st

entertainment,

etc.

Its

website

http://www.i21st.cn/ is available now. 21

Century Teens Senior Edition is indeed

an excellent English newspaper, from which I have benefited a lot.

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亮点点击:本文是介绍一份报纸。 第一和第二句是含非谓语动词(Founded, To meet)做状 语的简单句。范文中用了不同的词 (provide, contain, be available)表示“有”,使文章 语言更丰富。最后一句用了非限制性定语从句表达读这份报纸的收获。

【2014 高考英语马鞍山市质量检测】 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是某英文杂志负责“与读者对话”栏目的编辑。请根据下面这封读者来信写一封回 信,帮助解决读者来信中提出的问题。 注意:1. 词数 120 左右; 2. 邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总数; 3. 可根据要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 Dear Editor, I am going to take the college entrance examination soon. I ha ve to work harder and harder to prepar e for it so that I could enter a good college. However, it’s hard for me to understand what my teachers say in class. Though I tell myself again and again I should hold on, I have little confidence in myself. What should I do now? Best wishes, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear Li Hua, Thank you for your letter. As for the entrance exams, you have come too far and worked too hard to quit now. There are only a few months left until the exams so you can make a final push to get the best result you can. I have some tips for you and I hope they are helpful. The first thing you should do is to make a good study plan. If you follow the plan and concentrate on what you’re doing, it helps you study effectively. Besides, don’t forget to include at least three hours of exercise each week to keep your mind sharp.
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What’s more, make the most out of class. Preview lessons before the class and it helps you follow the teachers in class and have a good knowledge of what is important but difficult. Do review what is done wrong and learn lessons from mistakes. Above all, building up confidence is essential to success. Only when you believe in yourself, can you keep up your spirits and be successful. Now, take some time to be with your family and enjoy yourself for Spring Festival, then get to work. Best wishes , Editor

【2013 界广东省揭阳市二模】 读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 字左右的英语短文。 Mayor Bloomberg has been the mayor of New York City for nearly nine years, but for ten years he has been wearing the same shoes. This is really rare to be seen on a billionaire. “The mayor owns two pairs of work shoes,” said the spokesman. “One day he’ll wear one, the next the other. When they got worn down, he has them repaired. He could buy any shoes he wanted, but he says since they are comfortable, and they work, there’s no need for a new pair.” According to the spokesman, the mayor saves in his footwear and he also keeps it up in his personal as well as governmental finance. “When he buys a cup of coffee, he chooses the smallest size. He buys only what he needs.” Such is the mayor of New York City, who cares little about his shoes, avoids wasting money and focuses his attention on his work and his people in the city. But what about our fellow students nowadays? Some wear super expensive clothes and shoes; besides, they buy as many as possible, far more than two pairs. They always want the latest, the newest and throw the old ones away though they haven’t worn
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them for many times. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的内容。 2. 以约 120 个词就“勤俭节约”这一主题发表你的感想和看法,内容包括: (1)给出你对这位市长的评价; (2)举一个你尊敬的人勤俭节约的例子,说明他对你的影响; (3)列举你生活中浪费的坏习惯并说说你勤俭节约的决心。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原 文中的句子; 2. 作文中 不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范内容合适,语篇连贯。 参考词汇:节俭的 provident/thrifty 【参考范文】读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分)参考范文 The author introduces to us the mayor of New York City, a man who is rich but provident. The author also points out nowadays some students have the habit of wasting things. When reading the passage, I am deeply moved by the mayor. Rich as he is, he has the virtue of saving. He spends money only o n what he needs and never wastes money on what is of no use. I think this is really admirable. The mayor reminds me of the great political leader of China, Chairman Mao. As the chairman of China, Mao led a very thrifty life. He used to wear old clothes at home. When his clothes were worn out, he would have them repaired and continued to wear them. He always told others that saving was a good virtue of Chinese people. Thinking about the two great leaders, I feel deeply ashamed. As a young student who still has to depend on my parents, I have been leading too comfortable a life. I buy whatever I like though I don’t really need them. Besides, I like new things; when things get “old”, I tend to begin to dislike them and stop using them. Now that I realize that this is wrong, I’m determined that I shall follow the examples of
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the two great leaders and start to get rid of the bad habits.

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