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Moudle3Unit1语言点学案学生版 2


学案及语法: Language points of Module3 Unit 1 The world of our senses
Part I Welcome to the unit
1. sense (1)n.[C]感官,官能 She early in life. 她早年就失去了听觉。 (2)n.[C](单词\短语、句子等的)意义,含义 a word with several senses (3)n.[C](对某物的)感觉(多用作单数,后跟 of 短语或 that 从句) When you touch ice, you . 当你触摸冰时,会有冷的感觉。 He suddenly someone was standing behind him. 突然他有一种有 人站在他背后的感觉。 (4)n.[U](尤指对具体事物的)判断力,辨别力 Now you are talking sense. 。 She has / . 她没有时间观念/方向感。 (5)n.[C]理智,神智(常用复数) The fresh air made her come to her senses again. 新鲜的空气使她又 。 (6)vt.察觉,感觉到,意识到(后跟名词\代词或从句) The horse _________ __________ and stopped. 那匹马意识到有危险,停了下来。 She __________ ___________ her teacher was thinking. 她感觉到了她的老师在想什么。 拓展:sensibility n. [U;C]感受力,敏感,意识 sensible adj.感觉得到的,察觉的,明智的,合情合理的(常接 of) sensitive adj.敏感的,感觉敏锐的(常接 to) senseless adj.无知觉的,无意义的,愚蠢的 come to one's senses 醒过来,醒悟过来 make sense 讲得通,有意义 in a/some sense 从某种意义上说 in no sense 决不 take sense 讲得有理 2. If you hold your nose when you eat, your sense of taste will not work as well.如果你在吃饭时捏住你的鼻 子,你的味觉就不如不捏住鼻子的时候好。 (1)这是一个省略句。 句中所用的句型是比较句型, well 后面省略了 as “as+比较的对象” it does if you do =as not hold your nose when you eat 。as well 在此类情景中可以理解为“同样地,和前者一样地” 。 将省略的部分添补完整并译成汉语: You can do it, but I cannot do it as well. (省略了 ) I can write as well with my left hand. (省略了 ) (2)其他一些副词也可以像 well 一样,有类似的用法。 I cannot see as clearly without glasses. (省略了 ) 3. Blind people can read by touching letters in raised dots called Braille.盲人可以通过触摸被称为布莱叶盲 文的凸起圆点式字母阅读。 (1)句中 by 是介词,后面接名词、代词或 v-ing 形式,表示方式,意为“通过,凭借,乘,靠” 。 It's not fair to . 以貌取人是不公平的。 They ________ _________ the fire by pouring water on it. 他们泼水救火。 She earns her living . 她靠卖书为生。 (2)letters in raised dots 表示“以凸;起的圆点形成的字母” ,其中介词 in 意为“以,用” ,表示方式,常指 以某种语言、文字、符号等形式。 They are talking . 他们正在用英语交谈。 Some e-mail English is written in abbreviations. 有些电子邮件英语是 写成的。

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(3)raised dots 意为“凸起的圆点” ,raised 是过去分词作定语。单个的过去分词作定语一般放在名词之前。 I have his _________ promise. 我有他的书面承诺。 This was an __________ development. 这是一个出人意料的新情况。 (4)called Braille 是一个过去分词短语,作定语修饰 raised dots,表示“被称为布莱叶盲文的凸起的圆点” 。 过去分词短语作定语时,要放在被修饰词的后面。 Yesterday I got an e-mail written in code. 昨天我收到一封 电子邮件。 4. Other people only need to hear something once or twice before they can remember it.另一些人只需要听 到某物一两次就能记住它。 before 此处译作“就” ,另外它还有如下意思: (1)才:He had walked for a whole day . 他走了一整天才找到水。 (2)趁......未,以免:Write down the telephone number . 趁你还没忘记,把电 话号码写下来。 (3)还没来得及: , hundreds of bricks fell on him and killed him. 他还没来得及回答,数百块砖落在他身上,把他砸死了。 (4)在......前:He had learned some Chinese . 在来中国之前,他已学过
一些汉语。

(5)用在 It is/was/will be (not) + 一段时间 + before...句型中,意为“......才,......就” 。 . 三个星 期后他们才到达那个村子。 long before 很久以前 5.词组记忆: 在我们日常生活中 in our daily lives 味觉 one’s sense of taste 手语 sign language 失去干……的能力 lose the ability to do sth before long 相互影响 凸点 建功立业 不久 affect one another/each other raised dots make great achievements(in)

Part II Reading
1. When Polly left home that morning, the city was already _______ _________ a grey mist. 波莉离开家的 那天早晨,这座城市已笼罩在灰白色的雾气中。 cover vt 遮盖,掩盖;占地(面积);走过,行走(路程);读完;采访;(钱)够用;包括,涵盖 . 她以手掩面。 The Red Army covered 25,000 Li on the Long March. 。 How many pages have you covered? ? Many journalists were sent to cover the medical conference. 。 Would $50 ? 50 美元购支付你的费用吗? 拓展:be covered with 由??所覆盖 cover up 掩饰,隐匿 under (the) cover of 在......掩护下;以......为借口 from cover to cover 从头至尾 under the same cover 在同一封信或同一邮包中 2.step out into the fog =walk faster into the fog 加快脚步进入浓雾中 3. wonder vt. (1) 对 …感到疑惑,想要知道+ 疑问词引导的句子或不定式 (2)礼貌地提问或请人做事时说 I wonder if… vi 对…感到惊讶 (at/ about) n. (It’s ) no wonder (that)... 难怪…… I wonder = I wonder . 我不知道下一步该做什么。

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, you’ve been walking for hours.难怪你那么累,你一直走了好几个小时。 4. Once out in the street, she walked quickly towards her usual bus stop. 一出来到大街上, 她就很快地朝她 平常等的汽车站走去。 Once out in the street 相当于 Once _________ ___________out in the street 引导时间状语从句。在从句主 语与主句主语一致时,从句可省略主语。例如: Once __________ (see), it will never be forgotten. When __________(brush) your teeth , don’t leave water running all the time. First aid, if properly__________ (do), can save a person’s life. I won’t go to the party unless (I am)__________ (invite). 5. The truth is that it is too foggy for the bus to run that far.=The truth is that the fog is _____ thick that the bus _______ run so far. 事实上是雾太浓了,车不能开那么远。 句中第一个 that 引导的是表语从句。例如: The reason he did not come is that he was ill. _________________________ 第二个 that (或 this) 在此处等于 so,意思是“那么” (或“这么”,修饰形容词或副词。例如: ) Can hard work change a person that much? ___________________________ You see, a fog ______ bad is rare.(Page3 Line53) 你听我说,这么糟糕的雾很少见。 6. While the rest of the passengers were getting out, she glanced at the faces around her. a. The doctor prescribed some pills and told her to get/have a week's rest. n. _________ b. Parents rest their hope on their children. Vt _____________ c. We'll eat some of the bread and keep the rest for breakfast. n._________________ 再:The rest of his life ________ spent in prison. 他的余生在狱中度过。 The rest of the books__________on the shelf. 剩余的那些书在架子上。 the rest 作主语时,谓语动词由_______________决定 7. in a dark coat 表示“穿着黑色外套”“in+服饰或颜色”可以表示人的穿戴。 。 The man in a uniform is a detective. ___________________________。 Do you know _______ _______ _______ _____? 你认识那个穿红衣服的女孩吗? 8. The tall man was nowhere to be seen. 哪儿也看不到这个高个子男人了。 to be seen 是动词不定式的被动形式,在此作定语。通常不定式的逻辑主语是动作的承受者时,且动作的施 动者不明确时,不定式要用被动语态。例如: The meeting to be held is _________ _________ _________. 明天要开的会很重要。 These are the books to be distributed among the students. _________________________。 nowhere 无处;任何地方都不。例如: The missing wallet is nowhere_________ _________ _________. 丢失的钱包任何地方都找不着。 Nowhere else_________ ________ find the missing wallet. 我们任何其他地方都找不到丢失的钱包。 9. …but by the time she reached the corner of the street, the footsteps were gone. By the time they get here, we'll ________ ________ (finish) the work. By the time l got to the station,the train _____ already _______(go). By the time I finished eating, he _______already _______(asleep). 小结:①by the time + 一般过去时,主句用过去完成时,表示主句动作发生在从句动作之前。 ②by the time + 一般现在时从句,主句用将采完成时,表示主句动作将先发生。 ③当主句的谓语有表状态的 be 动词时,主句通常不用完成时态。 拓展:表示时间的短语可作为连词用的还有:every time,the instant,the moment,the day,the year, next time,the first (second,third...)time 等以及副词 immediately,instantly,directly 等。 10. Polly set off towards Park Street. 波莉向花园街走去。 set off 动身,出发(常与 for 连用);引爆,使爆炸;引起,激发 Panic on the stock market set off a wave of selling. 股票市场上人心惶惶,掀起了抛售浪潮。

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set about doing sth.开始/着手做某事 set an example to 为......树立榜样 set out to do sth.开始做某事 set aside 存储,留出 set up 建立,成立 set foot on 踏上,涉足 set fire to 点燃,点火 11.她能感到由于害怕自己的心在砰砰乱跳。She could feel her heart _________ __________ ________. with 表示_______ 如:冷得发抖 beat v. 跳动;击打;拍打;打败 n.心跳节拍 过去式 ,过去分词 He’s still alive—I can feel his heart (心跳). Occasionally the master________ _________ ________ (敲着桌子) with his heavy ruler as he cried,“Silence, please silence!” He _______ _______ (赢了我)at chess. The rain is ________ _________ ________ ________ (拍打着窗户). Can’t you hear________ _________ ________ _________ ________(我的心跳) . [辨析]beat,strike 与 hit beat 指连续击打,通常为有意的;strike 是常用词,较正式,用手或物击打,可轻可重,有意或无意; hit 为常用词,含“有力”的意思,常表示“击中” 。 ________ _________ the iron is hot. 趁热打铁。 John ________ _________ _______ _________ nose. 约翰打中了他的鼻子。 beat down 打倒 beat off 击退,打退 beat sb. to death 打死…… 12. A minute before, she had ______ ______ someone to come along. Now she wanted to run, but fear held her ______. 刚才她还盼望着能有人朝她这里走来。现在她想到的是跑掉,但是因为恐惧,她一动也不能动。 和 a minute before 连用的时态是 , 如果是 a minute ago 则和 时态连用 wish for 意思是 It’s no use _______ ________ _______ ______(期望不可能的事). hold vt. 使保持特定位置或状况 _____ ________ _________ ________ ( 抬起你的头来) for three minutes; it will help you relax. The man ________ ________ _________ ________ (让门敞开) as he noticed an old woman came up behind him. still (1)adj. 静止的,不动的 ________ ________ _________ I fasten your shoe. 当我替你系鞋带时,你不要动。 The sea was calm and still. 海上风平浪静。 (2)adj. 寂静的,无声的 The room was still at the end of the speech. 演讲结束时,_________________。 [辨析]still, calm,quiet, 与 silent still 静止的,不动的,指没有运动或动作的状态;calm 平静的,沉着的,指无风浪或人的心情不激动; quiet 宁静的,安静的,指没有声音,不吵闹或心里没有烦恼\焦虑;silent 寂静的,沉默的,不发音的, 指没有声音或不讲话。 Tell the children ________ ________ _________. 告诉孩子们沉着些。(指不慌张,冷静) She ________ ________ _________ the matter. 她对这件事保持沉默。(指什么也不说) Ask the boys ________ ________ _________. 让孩子们保持安静。(指不要吵闹) The officer asked the Swedish ________ _______ _______. 军官让那个瑞典人别动。 (指不移动也不出声) 13.watch out (for)(1)密切注意,留意留心 ________ ________ _______ ________ _______ ________ _________your position in the company, they don't come very often. 要注意抓住提高你在公司地位的机会,这样的机会不多。 I'm________ _______ _______ ________mistakes that I may have missed before.我总是警惕着过去可能 没注意到的错误。 (2) Watch out ! There's a danger ahead. 小心!前面有危险。

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watch out (for) look out (for) Cf. look out of take care (of) be careful of 14. I can't see your face, but you sound young. 我看不见你的脸,但你的声音听上去很年轻。 sound n.声音; vt.& vi. (使)发出声响;link-v.听起来 sound 用作系动词时,后接形容词而非副词作表语。 The bell is sounded every hour. 那个铃每小时响一次。 That music sounds beautiful. 那音乐听起来很优美。 [辨析]sound,voice 与 noise sound 指“声音”时,是普通用语,泛指大自然的一切声音。voice 指人发出的声音,尤指说话声;noise 指 噪音,尤指嘈杂声。 15.It gives me ______ ________ _________ pay back the help that people give me when it’s sunny. 这给 了我一个机会,我可以回报在晴天里人们所给与我的帮助了。 配对下列词义 pay for 付清;缴清 pay in 回报 pay off 负担/支付??的费用 pay sb.out 存款 pay up 偿还,还清 pay back 报复某人 How can I ______ you _______ for all your kindness? My husband cheated me but I’ll find some way to _______ him _______. After 10 years of hard work, the couple eventually _______________ the debts. How much should I _____ you ______ the broken glasses? You will _______ ________ your carelessness. 16. A blind man _______ _______ can’t get across the road without help, except _______ _______ _______ like this. 像我这样的瞎子没人帮助是没有办法过街,除非是在这样的大雾里。 翻译下列句子中的 get across The explanation did not get across to the class. _______________ He didn’t get his explanation across to the class. _______________ except 意思是_____________,可以用在名词、代词、介词、不定式和句子前。 I usually go to work by bike, _____ _____ ______ _____/_____ ______ _____ _____(除了下雪天). We have nothing to do ______ ______ ______ _______ ______ from time to time (除了偶尔对看一眼). 17. Which sense do you think would be the worst to lose?你认为失去哪一种感官最糟糕? do you think 在句中作插入语,句子结构是“特殊疑问词+插入语+陈述语序?’或“特殊疑问词(作主 语)+do you think + 疑问句剩余部分(词序不变)。 ” _____ _____ ______ _____ _____ _____ his wallet? 你认为谁拿了他的钱包? _____ _____ ______ _____ _____ _____ ? 你认为他们去哪儿了? 拓展:在有 do you think/suggest/believe/suppose/imagine 等的句子中,疑问词必须放在句首,且句子 用陈述语序。

名词性从句
名词性从句涉及较为复杂的句式结构,是高中英语的一个重点语法。应着重注意:1、名词性从句引 导词的区别;2、that 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别;3、某些固定搭配及句型在名词性从句中的用 法。 名词在句中一般作主语、宾语、表语和同位语。能象一个名词一样在句中充当这些成分的从句就叫名词性 从句。名词性从句包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句。常用的连接词有: 连接词 whether 是否 作用 只起连接词作用,引导从句,在从句中不作

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that (本身无词义) who, whom, whose which 哪一个 what 什么,所…的 when 什么时候,where 什么地方 how 怎样、怎么,why 为什么

任何成分 在从句中分别作主语、宾语和定语 在从句中分别作主语、宾语和定语 在从句中分别作主语、宾语和定语 除了起连接词作用外,还在从句中作状语

疑问词(who, whom, whose, what, which, where, why, when, how)可以引导主语、宾语和表语从句。它 们的特点是:1、疑问词有本身的词义;2、疑问词在从句中担当句子成分,如主语、宾语或状语;3、这 种疑问词引导的从句一律用陈述语序,不能用疑问语序。 下面我们再分别讲述主语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句和表语从句。 一、 主语从句 1.that 引导主语从句时,that 没有意义,但不能省略。 (that 引导宾语从句时可以省略。 ) It worried her a bit that her hair was turning gray.她的头发正在变白,这使她很不安。 That she is a rich woman is known to us all. 众所周知,她是个富有的女人。 We didn’t know (that) you had sold your house. 我们不知道你已经把你的房子卖了。 (注意这句话的时态) 2.从句作主语时,多数情况下由 it 作形式主语,而把主语从句放在后面,尤其是谓语部分(包括宾语) 较短的情况下。 It wasn’t very clear what she meant. 不清楚她是什么意思。 It is important that he should come on time. 他按时来是很重要的。 It is true that that man on the left is a well-known writer here. 左边那个人是本地的一位著名作家,这是真的。 3. whether 既可以引导主语从句也可以引导宾语从句, if 不能引导主语从句。 但 whether 后面可以加 or not, 而 if 不能与 or not 连用。作介词宾语时不用 if.如: Whether I knew John doesn’t matter. = It doesn’t matter whether I knew John. 我是否认识约翰没有关系。 Whether or not she’ll come isn’t clear. = Whether she’ll come or not isn’t clear. = It isn’t clear whether …. 她是 否来还不清楚。 It all depends on whether we can get their cooperation. (这是主语从句还是宾语从句?) it 是形式主语吗?请翻译这句话。 I worry about whether I hurt her feelings. 二、 宾语从句 在谓语动词、介词、动词不定式、分词、动名词之后都可以带有宾语从句。某些形容词如 sure, happy, glad, certain, pleased 等之后也可以带有宾语从句。 1.that 引导的宾语从句: that 没有意义,在口语或非正式文体中常省略 I really feel she’s making a mistake. James said (that) he was feeling better. Hearing that his son was badly wounded, he hurried to the hospital to see him. 2.在 think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词的宾语从句中,否定不用在从句中,而是将 think 等词变为否定 形式。 I don’t think the film is interesting.我觉得这部电影没什么意思。 I don’t suppose we are going outing tomorrow. 我认为我们明天不会出去郊游。 3.如果从句作宾语而后面还有补语,为了保持句子的平衡,用 it 作形式宾语,而将宾语从句放在句尾。 常跟这样的复合宾语的动词有:make, find, see, hear, feel, think, consider, regard, take….for granted 等。 George made it clear that he opposed this project. They kept it quiet that he was dead. I took it for granted that you’d stay with us.

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三、同位语从句 同位语从句是对名词的内容给予具体、详细的说明。常在后面接同位语从句的名词有 fact, news, idea, truth, hope, suggestion, question, problem, doubt, fear, belief 等。同位语从句常用的引导词为 that,有是也用 when, where 等疑问词。 The news that the United States was hit by terrorist attacks took the whole world by surprise. The idea that you can do this work well without thinking is quite wrong. 注意:同位语从句的 that 只是引导词,没有其他语法作用,在句子中不作句子成分,不能省略;而定语从 句中的 that 除了引导定语从句外,还是定语从句的一个成分,在定语从句中作主语或宾语,作主语时不能 省略,作宾语时可以省略。 The idea that some peoples are superior to others is sheer nonsense. (同位语从句/定语从句。 ) The idea that he proposed at the meeting is sheer nonsense. (同位语从句/定语从句。 ) No one is happy with the fact that he found out. (同位语从句/定语从句。 ) No one is happy with the fact that he will become their boss. (同位语从句/定语从句。 ) 四、表语从句 表语从句位于主句的连系动词之后,在非正式文体中引导词 that 可以省略。 That’s not what I want. That’s why I have come.。 My opinion is that things will improve.。 One advantage of solar energy is that it will never run out.

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此外,表语从句还可由 as if (好像)引导。 一、名词性从句连接词的选用: ⒈if 和 whether: whether 和 if 在引导宾语从句时,意思是“是否”,这时 if 并没有“假设,如果”的意思;引导主语从句、表语从 句、 同位语从句以及介词后之宾语从句, 不能用 if, 只能用 whether; 多数情况下引导动词之宾语从句可用 if 或 whether; whether 引导的从句中可以有 or not, if 引导的从句一般没有 or not。 ?.We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know____ she’ll accept it. 【 】 A.where B.what C.whether D.which ? . It is still under discussion _______the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. 【 】 A.whether B.when C.which D.where ⒉that 和 what: that 和 what 都可引导主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句(what 通常不引导同位语从句,而 that 则可以) 。what 除起连接作用外,还在名词性从句中充当成分,可作从句中的主语、宾语或表语。而 that 在名词性从句中不充 当任何成分,只起连接作用。 ?.Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases. 】 【 A.what B.which C.that D.where ?.The villagers have already known _____ we will do is to rebuild the bridge. 【 】 A.this B.that C.what D.which ⒊ 其他连接代词和副词的选用: 主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义,正确地选择 who, which, when, where, why, how 等连接词。这些连接词即 有疑问含义,又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各种成分,其区别从词义上是显而易见的。 ?.I’m afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ______he never finishing anything. 】 【 A.that B.when C.where D.why ?—How about camping this weekend, just for a change? —OK, ______ you want. 【 】 A.whichever B.however C.whatever D.whoever ?. When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know______ 【 】 A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering 4. why 与 because 的用法区别。两者均可引导表语从句,但前者强调结果,后者强调的原因。如: I had a cold. That’s why I didn't come. 我感冒了,因此我没来。 I didn’t come. That’s because I had a cold. 我没有来,那是因为我感冒了。 5. 引导词 that 的省略 主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、用 it 作形式宾语的宾语从句及并列宾语从句中的后几个从句,that 都不能 省略。只有单个宾语从句中的 that 可以省略。 ?. One reason for her preference for city life is ______she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants. 【 】 A. that B. how C. what D. why ?. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was __ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. 【 】 A. what B. that C. why D. whether 二、名词性从句的语序 名词性从句的语序要用陈述句语序,而不要使用一般疑问句的语序 . The news ________(房价将要下跌)has caused many people to sell their houses at lower prices. (fall) 答案:that the housing price will fall 三、同位语从句和定语从句的区别: 定语从句是先行词的修饰语,它不涉及先行词的具体内容。如果定语从句是用 that 引导,that 在从句中不 第 8 页 共 8 页 但起连接作用,而且在定语从句中充当一个句子成分;同位语从句对中心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明,表 明中心词的具体、实际内容。引导同位语从句的 that 在同位语从句中不作任何成分,只起连接作用,无具体词

义,且不可省略。 .When the news came_____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. 】 (_____从句) 【 A.since B.which C.that D.because .The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other. 【 】(_____从句) ) A.they B.where C.what D.that 四、名词性从句在固定搭配、固定句型中的用法 1、由连词 that 引导的主语从句,在大多数情况下会放到句子的后面,而用代词 it 作形式主语。常见的以 it 作 形式主语的主语从句句型有四种: It + be + adj.(strange/ natural/ surprising/ obvious/ true/ fortunate/ wonderful/ funny/ possible/ impossible/ likely/ unlikely/ clear/ unusual/ certain/ important) + that … It + be + no wonder/ a pity/ a shame/ a fact/ an honor/ good news + that… It + be + said/ reported/ believed/ understood + that… It + seems/happens/appears/doesn’t matter/makes no difference + that…

? Before the problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem

itself is. 【A】

A.what B.that C.which D.why ?It is uncertain_____ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it. A.that B.what C.how D.whether 2、have\ take\ put\ like + it + that-从句 enjoy\ hate\ love\ like\ dislike\ appreciate\ prefer + it + when (if)-从句 see to\ look to\ insist on\ stick to\ depend on\ answer for + it + that-从句 take it for granted\ bring it to sb’s attention\ owe it to sb + that-从句 3、there is no doubt that ….毫无疑问…. There is no denying that …不能否认…. There is no/a possibility that… …没可能/有可能 There is a chance that …可能…

名词性从句
1.单纯连接词 that, whether/if, because, as if 特点:在名词性从句中仅起连接作用,不作成分, 2. 连接代词 what, who, whom, which, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 特点:除了起连接作用,在从句中作成分,可作主语,宾语,表语和定语 3 . 连接副词 when, where, why, how, whenever, wherever 特点:除了起连接作用,在从句中作成分,可作时间、地点、原因以及方式状语。 that 引导的句子表达 某个事实 whether/if 引导的句子传达的是 不确定的信息 ______it is going to clear up keeps me wondering. _____it is going to clear up makes me happy. There is some doubt ________he will succeed. I have no doubt ______ he will succeed 四) whether 和 if 的选用 两者都可用于引导__动词宾语从句__________________. 不能用 if 的情况:主语从句;介词宾语从句;表语从句;同位语从句 whether or not 连一起使用;whether to do that 除在动词宾语从句中可以省略外,其他名词性从句中均不可省略。 第 页 共 9 页 注意:that 若引导多个并列的宾语从句, 9除第一个____省略,后面几个均____省略。 (七)如何正确选择连接词?

1. 找出名词性从句。 2. 判断该名词性从句是否完整。 3. 如果从句完整,那么就在 that, if/whether, because, as if 等中选择。 如果不完整,缺主语,宾语,表语,定语,那么就在连接代中选择。 如果缺状语,那么就在连接副词中选择。 八) 同位语从句注意点 同位语从句前面的先行词通常有 news, fact, truth, story, word, message, question, idea, feeling 等抽象名词。 2. 有时, 为了句子结构平衡,要把同位语从句放在谓语的后面。如 Word came that he was put to death for drug abuse. (九)主语从句中 it 作形式主语的情形 it 作形式主语放于句首,把真正主语(可以是动词不定式,动名词,从句)放在句末。 It depends on the weather when we can set off for the on-salary holiday. 真正主语为动名词的有 It is no good/no use/ worth/ a waste of time doing sth. It is important /necessary/natural that…从句中动词用虚拟语气(should +动词原形) 重点句型: It happens/ seems/ appears/proves/turns out that… (注意这些动词不能用于被动语态) It is believed/ said/ assumed/ known that… It is suggested/ ordered/ required/ demanded that?从句的谓语动词用虚拟语气(should +动词原形) 例:It is suggested that he _______________ this plan immediately. (carry out) It is (high) time that… 从句中动词用一般过去时 例:It is high time that the children ______to bed.(go) "6123 结构“: We think it important/our duty to learn a foreign language. 6 指主句中常用的 6 个动词: think, consider, believe, make, find, feel 1 指形式宾语 it 2 指宾补的两种形式:形容词或名词 3 指真正宾语的三种形式:不定式短语,动名词短语或 that 引导的宾语从句 He makes it a rule never to borrow money. I think it useless talking with his parents. They found it difficult that they would finish their work in two days. 某些表示好恶的动词,如 like, dislike, enjoy, love, hate, appreciate 等,后面必须加上形式宾语 it 才能接宾语从 句。 I don’t like it that he’s so lazy. I hate it when my mother asks me to eat eggs. sb leave it to sb that?某人把…留给某人去做 sb take it for granted that…某人想当然地认为… sb keep it in mind that?某人把…记在心里 强调句型 It is /was +被强调部分+that/who +句子剩余部分 It is not until…that… 直到…才… e.g. We did not get off the bus until it stopped. It was not until it stopped that we got off the bus.

名词性从句练习

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一.基础题 1. ________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That C. Whoever D. Whatever 2. The reason why I didn't go to Shanghai was ________ a new job. A. because I got B. because of getting C. I got D. that I got 3. He asked me ________ with me. A. what is the trouble B. what wrong was C. what was the matter D. what trouble it is 4. When and why he came here ________ yet. A. is not known B. are not known C. has not known D. have not bee 5. I don't doubt ________ he'll come. A. that B. if C. what D. whether 6. ______ surprised me most was ______ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well. A. That…what B. What…that C. That…which D. What…which 7. The city is no longer ________. A. what it is B. that it used to be C. which it was D. what it used to be 8. He insisted that he ________ in good health and _______ to work there. A. was, be sent B. is, is sent C. be, was sent D. be, send 9. We thought _______ strange that Tom did not come yesterday. A. that B. it C. this D. what 10. Last Sunday he made a promise ________ he was free he would take me to Qingdao. A. if B. that C. that if D. whether 11.The question is ____the film is worth seeing. A. if B. what C. whether D. how 12.The reason ____ I have to go is ____ my mother is ill in bed. A .why; why B. why; because C. why ; that D. that; because 13. ___ I can’t understand is ___ she wants to change her mind. A. What; why B. Which; how C. That; why D. What; because 14. ____ his dream of going to college will come true is uncertain. A. That B. Whether C. If D. Even if 15. It is known to us ___ where there is pollution, there is harm. A. which B. where C. what D. that 16. I have the information ____. A. of what he’ll come soon C. of that he’ll come soon B. that he’ll come soon D. his coming soon

17. --- I saw your neighbor break your window with a basketball. --- ____ it made me nearly mad. A. That he broke B. What he broke C. He broke D. His break 18.It remains a question ____ we can get so much money in such a short time. A.how B. that C. when D. what 19. They lost their way in the forest and ____ made matters worse was ___ night began to fall. A. what; that B. it; that C. what; when D. which; what 20. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why
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基础题:1---5CDCAA 6---10BDABC 11----15CCABD16---20BAAAA
【针对训练】 ( )1. ________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A.Which B.What C.That D.Whom ( )2. The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A.what B.how C.that D.why ( )3. I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ________ he never finishes anything. A.that B.when C.where D.why ( )4. We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know________ she’ll accept it. A.where B.what C.whether D.which ( )5. The villagers have already known ________ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. A.this B.that C.what D.which ( )6. It was never clear ________ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A.that B.how C.when D.why ( )7. His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out ________it is he is trying to express. A.that B.how C.who D.what ( )8. Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A.why B.how C.what D.which ( )9. Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ________ to read fast. A.what B.who C.how D.why ( )10. When the news came ________ the war broke out, he decided to serve in the army. A.since B.which C.that D.because ( ) 11.It is considered unwise for parents to give their children ________ they ask for. A.what B.when C.whatever D.which ( )12. One of them held the view __ the book said was right. A. what that B. that what C. that D. whether ( ) 13.The reason ___ he has to go is ___ his mother is ill in bed. A, why ; why B. why; because C. why ; that D. that ; because ()14They received orders ___ the work be done right away. A. which B. that C. / D. when ( )15.I think ___ certain that she will do well in her exam. A. that B. this is C. it D. what’s ( )16.Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether ( )17.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ______ a cure for AIDS will be found. (05 广东卷) A. which B. that C. what D. whether ( )18.Danby left word with my secretary _________ he would call again in the afternoon. (05 浙江卷) A.who B.that C.as D.which ( )19.A story goes _____ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that ( )20._____ is no possibility _____ Bob can win the first prize in the match. (2001 上海春) A. There…that B. It…that C. There…whether D. It…whether 【2012 陕西卷】20. As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you best. A whatever B. whichever C. whenever D. wherever 【2012 北京卷】24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it 第 12 页 共 12 页 differently. A. why B. how C. that D. whether

【2012 江西卷】25.It suddenly occurred to him he had left his keys in the office. A.whether B.where C.which D.that [2012 湖南高考真题]26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn't matter ____ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when 【2012 重庆卷】 Evdence has been found through years of study______ children’s early sleeping problem likely to 34. continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that 针对训练:1—10 BADCC,DDCCC 11—20 CBCBC, BBBDA 2012 高考:BCDCD

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