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There be 句型专题

概念 结构 用法

There be 句型表示 “存在…”“有”,其中 be动词有时态和单复数变 There be+主语(人或物 化。 名词)+地点

看名词

单数is 复数are 不可数的 用is

2.结构:
a.There is +单数可数名词\不可数名词 There is a book on the desk .

桌子上有一本书。
There is some water in the bottle. 瓶子里有些水。

b.There are +复数名词
There are some pictures on the wall.

墙上有些图画。
There are two apples in the basket. 篮子里有两个苹果。

看名词
There _____ a doll in the toy box. A. is B. are

There _____ some bread on the plate. A. is B. are
There _____ a lot of green trees in the Park. A. is B. are

There is a cat under the tree.

There are two dogs under the tree.

There is a cat and two dogs under the tree.

There are two dogs and a cat under the tree.

there 是个近视眼。

There _____ a desk and fifty-five chairs in the classroom. A. are B. is

There _____ fifty-five chairs and a desk in the classroom. A. are B. is

在there be 句型中 主语是单数,be动词用is; 主语是复数,be动词用are。 若句子中有几个并列主语时,be动词的形式要 与离其最近的一个主语在人称和数上保持一致。
例: 1.There is a girl and two boys under the tree. 2.There are two boys and a girl under the tree.

There _____ some water in the bottle. A. is B. are C. have D. be

There is ______. A. a pencil B. two books C. five apples D. a water

There _____ a pencil-case and many pencils in Tom’s schoolbag.

A. is C. have

B. are D. be

There are a lot of _____ in the fridge.

A. meat C. eggs

B. chicken D. milk

There be 句型的否定句和一般疑问句
否定句:在be 动词后加 not.

如果句中有some,一般要变成any.
There are two books on the desk. There aren’t two books on the desk. There is some bread in the plate. There isn’t any bread in the plate.

一般疑问句:be动词(is,are)要提到句首。
some 变any,其他都不变
There is a mouse in the house.(变成一般疑问句) Is there a mouse in the house ? There are some flowers in the garden.(变成一般疑问 句)

Are there any flowers in the garden?

对There be结构中的主语提问的特殊疑问句的 基本结构: What’s+介词短语(介词+地点名词)+?中 间通常不用there. There is a bike under the tree. What’s under the tree? There are many books on the table.

What’s on the table?

There be 口诀
? There be有特点,主语放在be后面, ? 单数主语用is ,复数主语要用are。 ? 变否定很简单,be后要把not添。 ? 变疑问也不难,把be提到there前。 ? 否定疑问any换,就近原则多多练。

请使用There be--- 描述下图
?

There is an apple on the chair.

There is a ball in the basket.

There are two apples on the chair.

There is a pencil in the pencil-box.

There are three books on the desk.

用be动词is / are 填空:
1、There

is

a pencil in the pencil box.

2、There
3、There 4、There the wall.

are
are

some flowers on the desk.
four people in my family. a picture and two maps on

is

5、A:

Is

there a cat under the tree?

B: Yes,there

is

A 1. There _____ a clock on the table. A. is B. are B 2. ______ there a radio on your desk? A. are B. is C 3. ____ there a map on the wall? Yes, there ______. A. are / is B. is / are C. is / is D. are /are A 4. There _____ some students in the classroom. A. are B. is A 5. There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table. A.is B. are

B 6. There ___ two apples, one orange and one banana on the table. A. is B. are 7. Are there ___ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't ___ . A A. any / any B. some / any C. some / some D. any/some B 8. There isn't a book in his hand. There is _____ book in his hand. A. no B. not A 9. There is a tree ____ the playground. A. at B. near C 10. -- Are there _____ shops near here? -- No, there are _____ shops near here. A. some, not B. some, any C. any, not D. any, no

教室里有很多桌子和凳子。 There are some desks and chairs in the classroom. 书架上有很多书。 There are some books on the shelf. 椅子下有个足球。 There is a football under the chair. 树上有两个风筝和一只鸟。 There are two kites and a bird on the tree. There is a bird and two kites on the tree. 房子附近有三棵树。 There are three trees near the house.

1. There is a mouse in the room. (改写为一般疑问句,并作肯定否定回答) Is there a mouse in the room? Yes, there is. / No, there is not. 2. There is a fish in the bowl. (改写成否定句) There is not a fish in the bowl. 3. There are some dolphins in the ocean. (改写为一般疑问句) Are there any dolphins in the ocean? 4. There are some books in his bag. (改写为否定句) There are not any books in his bag.

Homework

翻译

? 在桌子上有3支钢笔。 ? There are three pens on the table. ? 在树上有一些苹果。 ? There are some apples on the tree. ? 在椅子上有一只兔子。 ? There is a rabbit on the chair. ? 在铅笔盒里有一块橡皮。 ? There is an eraser in the pencil-box.

变 否 定 句 和 疑 问 句 , 并 做 回 答 。

? There are three pens on the table. ? There are not three pens on the table. ? Are there three pens on the table? Yes,there are.No,there aren’t. ? There are some apples on the tree. ? There are not any apples on the tree. ? Are there any apples on the tree? Yes,there are.No,there aren’t. ? There is an eraser in the pencil-box. ? There is not an eraser in the pencil-box. ? Is There an eraser in the pencil-box? Yes,there is.No,there isn’t.

针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

1.How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短 语?
There are two computers on the desk. How many computers are there on the desk?

2.How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短 语? There is some milk in the glass. How much milk is there in the glass?

How many apples are there How many apples are there on the tree? on the tree now? twenty apples There are thirteenapples tree. on the tree now.

have 与has 的用法
第一人称:I have…

第二人称:You have… 复数:They /The girls/The boys/

The children/ Ben and Janet have…. 第三人称单数:He/She/It/Lily has…

I have a book.
You have a book. They have two books. He\She has a book .

There be 表示“某处存在某物或某人”此时不强调 物归谁有。 例:There is a box on the desk.桌子上有一个盒子。 have(has) 表示“某人拥有某物(某人)“,此时强 调所有、拥有关系。

There be 和have(has)都表示“有”的含 义。

例:We have two basketballs。我们有两个篮球。 (强调篮球为我们拥有)

some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用: some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:
and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。


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