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2015届高考英语一轮复习讲义


Unit 5

Travelling abroad

晨背三部曲(非谓语动词作状语) 经典佳句 1.被她的努力深深鼓舞,我们竭尽全力并在比赛中获得了一等奖。 Deeply moved by her efforts, we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest. 2.要达到

这一目的,我首先必须尽最大努力通过高考,进入一所重点大学。 To reach the goal, I must first try my best to pass the college entrance examination and enter a key university. 3.作为一个活跃的年轻人,我喜欢体育运动和户外活动。 Being an active young person, I like sports and outdoor activities. 4.随着春节的临近,人们将举办各种形式的活动。 With the Spring Festival drawing near, people will hold all varieties of activities. 5.因为有重要的事情要处理,Tracy 说他不能在明天上午见你。 With something important to attend to, Tracy couldn't meet you tomorrow morning. 热身体验 句型转换 1.I work hard so that I can be admitted to No.1 Middle School. →To_be_admitted_to No.1 Middle School, I work hard. 2.Because they are such kind people, they will certainly help you. →Being_such_kind_people,_they will certainly help you. 3.Some students go to school, and always hide mobile phones in their pockets. →Some students go to school with modile_phones_hidden_in_their_pockets.

Ⅰ.词海拾贝 基础记忆 1.queue n.队列;行列 vi. 排队 2.substitute n. 代替者;代用品 vt. 用??代替?? 3.draft n. 草稿;草案 vt. 草拟;起草 4.contradict vt. 反驳;驳斥 5.abundant adj. 丰富的;充裕的 6.qualification n.资格;资历→qualified adj.有资格的;能胜任的 7.preparation n.准备;预备→prepare vt.准备 8.recommend vt.推荐;建议→recommendation n.推荐;介绍;建议 9.comfort n.舒适;安慰 vt.安慰→comfortable adj.舒适的→comfortably adv. 舒适地 10.requirement n.需要;要求→require vt.需要 11.acknowledge vt.承认;确认;答谢→acknowledgement n.承认 12.occupy vt.占用;占领;占据→occupation n.[U]占领;占据;[C]工作;职业 13.govern vt.& vi.统治;支配;管理→government n.政府 语境记忆 14.He is preparing for the exam, while his brother is making preparations for the sports meeting.(prepare) 15 . These new shoes are not very comfortable though they are designed for comfort.(comfort)
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篇章记忆 After a long academic preparation, he got the qualification to be an agent.He delivered a lecture to comment on the substitute on behalf of his business enterprise. Ⅱ.短语互译 1.适应;调节 adjust_to 2.保持优秀成绩;继续做下去 keep_it_up 3.相适应;相融和 fit_in 4.忙着做??;忙于某事物 be_occupied_with 5.日复一日 day_in_and_day_out 6.不可能的;不值得讨论的 out_of_the_question 7.settle in (迁入新居、更换工作后)安顿下来 8.apply for 申请 9.take up 从事;占据 10.get used to 习惯于 11.feel at home 感觉自在;不拘束 12.in the company of 在??陪伴下 Ⅲ.句型一览 1.It/This was the first time that ... 这是第一次?? It_was_the_first_time (这是第一次) she had ever left her motherland. 2.as far as one is concerned 就??而言 Besides, as_far_as_he_was_concerned (就他而言), what other people thought was not the most important thing. 3.so ... that ... 如此??以至于?? I have been so_occupied_with_work_that (如此忙于工作以至于) I haven't had time for social activities. 4.wish sb. sth. 祝某人?? We wish_Xie_Lei_all_the_best (祝谢蕾一切顺利) in her new enterprise. Ⅳ.语法自测——非限制性定语从句 完成句子 1.As_is_shown in the graph, the sales of this month keep almost unchanged.(show) 正如图表所示,这个月的销售情况几乎没有变化。 2.John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of whom_were_his_friends. (be) 约翰邀请了大约四十个人参加他的婚礼, 其中大部分是他的朋友。 3.There are various kinds of animals in Australia, many of which_can't_be_found in any other continent.(find) 澳大利亚有各种各样的动物,其中有很多是在其他大陆找不到的。 4 . A terrible earthquake hit Lushan, Sichuan Province on April 20th,2013, from_whose_effects the people are still suffering.(effect) 2013 年 4 月 20 日,一场可怕的地震袭击了四川省芦山县,现在许多人仍然遭受着那次 地震的影响。 5 . A survey was recently carried out about senior students' mental health, whose_result/the_result_of_which_was_surprising.(surprise) 关于高中生心理健康,最近做了一份调查,其结果让人惊讶。

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1.recommend vt.建议;推荐 (1)recommend doing sth. 建议做某事 recommend sb.to do sth. 建议某人做某事 recommend that sb.(should) do 建议某人做某事(从句用虚拟语气) (2)recommend sb.sth. 向某人推荐某物 recommend sth. to sb. 把某物推荐给某人 recommend sb.as ... 推荐某人为?? (3)recommendation n. 推荐;介绍信 ① As a student, I really want to recommend you a topic wholeheartedly.(重庆 写作) 作为一名学生,我想真诚地向您推荐一个话题。 ②I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful friendships.(2013·浙江完形) 我向那些想体验外国文化、建立珍贵友谊的人推荐一个交流项目。 【语境串记】 He recommended the young man to our firm, and it is because of his recommendation that we have an excellent worker now. 他向我们公司推荐了这位年轻人,正是由于他的推荐,我们现在有了一名优秀的员工。 【对点练习】 用所给动词的适当形式填空 ①I recommend you to_think (think) very carefully before you do anything foolish. ②The doctor strongly recommended that he take (take) a holiday. ③The doctor recommended limiting (limit) the amount of fat in my diet. 2.comfort n.舒适;安慰 vt.安慰 ①Instead, he said “It's OK” to comfort me before he disappeared into washroom.(2013·陕西完形) 相反地,他说了一句“没有关系”来安慰我,然后走进了洗手间。 (1)for comfort 为了舒适 in comfort 舒适地 give comfort to 安慰(某人) take/have/find comfort in ... 从??中得到安慰 (2)comfort sb.for sth. 因某事安慰某人 (3)comfortable adj. 舒适的;令人感到安慰的 uncomfortable adj. 不舒适的 ②Everybody hurts.Take comfort in your friends. 每个人都会受伤,从你的朋友那得到抚慰。 ③I made him comfortable on the back seat and offered him some water.(2013·陕 西阅读 B) 我让他舒服地坐在后座上,并给他一些水。 【关键一点】 抽象名词 comfort 具体化时,意为“给予安慰的东西;安慰者”。 【对点练习】 用 comfort 的相关短语完成下列句子 ①因她驾驶员考试没通过,她父母来安慰她。 Her parents comforted_her_for her failing in the driving test. ②我生病时她给了我极大的安慰。 She gave_great_comfort_to me when I was ill. 3.requirement n.要求;必要条件;需要 (1)meet/satisfy one's requirement 满足/达到某人的要求 (2)require vt. 需要

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require doing/to be done 需要做 require sb.to do sth. 要求某人做某事 require that ... (should) do sth. 要求?? ①The situation required that we (should) make an immediate decision. 当时的情况需要我们立刻作出决定。 ②Not all goods can satisfy the customers' requirements. 并非所有的商品都能满足顾客的需求。 【关键一点】 require 及 requirement 后所接的从句中常使用虚拟语气,其谓语动词 常用“(should+)动词原形”。 【对点练习】 用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Your requirement that she (should)_wait (wait) till next week is reasonable. ②These young trees will require looking_after/to_be_looked_after_ (look after) carefully. ③He required us to_finish (finish) the task before Friday. 4.acknowledge vt.承认;确认;答谢 (1)acknowledge doing sth. 承认做了某事 acknowledge sb./sth. to be/as ... 承认某人/某事?? It is acknowledged that ... ??是大家公认的 (2)acknowledgement n. 承认;感谢 in acknowledgement of 为表彰/感谢?? ①People spend a lot of time pointing out bad manners but it would be even more helpful if we'd publicly acknowledge good manners when we see them.(2013·安徽阅 读 D) 人们花费大量时间指出不礼貌的行为,但是如果我们遇见有礼貌的行为并当众认可会更 有帮助。 ②He acknowledged having donated money to the flooded area. 他承认给洪灾地区捐过款。 【语境串记】 Alice Munro is acknowledged as one of the outstanding writers in 2013 and rewarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in acknowledgement of all her hard work. 爱丽丝·门罗被认为是 2013 年最出色的作家之一, 被授予诺贝尔文学奖来表彰她的辛勤 工作。 【对点练习】 将下列句子变为被动语态 ①People acknowledge him to be the best player in the world. →He_is_acknowledged_to_be_the_best_player_in_the_world. ②People universally acknowledge that reading plays an important part in learning English. →It_is_universally_acknowledged_that_reading_plays_an_important_part_in_lea rning_English. 5.occupy vt.占用;占领;占据 (1)occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth. 忙于??;专心于?? occupy one's mind/thoughts/attention 占据某人的头脑/思想/注意力 (2)be occupied in doing sth. 忙于做某事 be occupied with sth. 从事/忙于某事 (3)occupation n. 占领;职业;工作

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①As global temperatures rise, they would naturally migrate (迁移) to higher ground — but they already occupy the mountaintops. (2012·浙江阅读 A) 随着全球温度的上升,它们将会迁移到更高的地方,但是它们已经占据了山的顶端。 ②The famous writer occupied his mind in writing autobiography. 那位著名作家忙于写自传。 【 语 境 串 记 】 He occupies an important position in a company, occupied with/occupying himself with all kinds of activities, and his occupation brings him great fame and fortune. 他在一家公司担任要职,忙于各种活动,他的工作让他名利双收。 【对点练习】 一句多译 一整天忙于家务,她精疲力尽。 ①She occupied_herself_with/was_occupied_with housework all day, so she was tired out. ②She occupied_herself_in/was_occupied_in doing housework all day, so she was tired out. ③Occupying_herself/Occupied with housework all day, she was tired out. ④Occupying_herself/Being_occupied_with housework all day made her tired out. 6.keep it up 保持优秀成绩;继续做下去 keep up 坚持;维持;沿袭(风俗、传统等) keep up with 赶上;不落在后面 keep in touch with 与??保持联系 keep ... out of 不使??入内;不惹事 keep away from 不(使)接近?? keep ... in mind 记住?? ①In face of challenge for the moment, it's the most important to keep up a good state of health. 面对目前的挑战,最重要的是保持良好的身体状态。 ②They keep in touch with each other through the Internet. 他们彼此通过因特网保持联系。 ③They always keep the interests of the people in mind. 他们时刻想着人民的利益。 【对点练习】 用 keep 的相关短语填空 ①Keep_it_up and you will succeed. ②People should keep_away_from the radioactive waste. ③I love technology and try to keep_up_with it. 【真题印证】 ④(2012·湖北高考)Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ________ his courage. A.hold up B.keep up C.set up D.take up 解析:选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:独自在黑暗中行走,男孩吹口哨来壮胆。keep up“维持;使不低落”,符合句意。hold up“举起”; set up“建立”; take up“拿起”。 7.fit in 相适应;相融和 fit in with 与??合得来;适应 be fit for/to do sth. 适合做某事/胜任做某事 fit sb.for sth./to do sth. 适合某人做某事 keep fit 保持健康 ①He tried as much as he could to fit in but he could not because his mind was

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at home.(2011·广东读写任务) 他尽可能地去适应,但是做不到,因为他的心思在家里。 ②Though he often exercises to keep fit, his present situation does not fit him to do the job. 尽管他经常锻炼来保持健康,但是他目前的状况不适合他做这项工作。 【对点练习】 用 fit 的相关短语填空 ①As she gathered her books, Jenny decided she'd continue to try to fit_in at her new school. ②She seldom communicates with others so she doesn't fit_in_with the class. ③The broken?down old house was not fit_for human habitation.

8.qualification/abundant/out of the question ①qualification n. 资格;资历 have the qualifications to do sth. ②abundant adj. 丰富的;充裕的 be abundant in ... (=be rich in ... ) 富有??;??很丰富 ③out of the question 不可能的;不值得讨论的 out of question 毫无疑问 【对点练习】 结合上述词汇完成下列句子 ①她有资格胜任这项工作。 She has_the_qualifications_for the job. ②现在市面上的参考书太多了,一定要认真选择。 One must be careful when choosing the reference books that are_abundant_in the market. ③没有你的帮助提前完成任务是不可能的。 Without your help, finishing the task ahead of time would be out_of_the_question.
? ? ? 有资格做某事 ? ?

1.It_was_the_first_time she had ever left her motherland. 这是她第一次离开祖国。 【句型透视】(1)句式“It/This/That+is (was)+the first/second/ ... time that ...” 表示“这是第一/二/??次做某事”。 This is the first time that I have been away from my family for such a long time. 这是我第一次离开家这么长时间。 【关键一点】 该句型中,从句的谓语动词常用现在完成时或过去完成时。主句中的 is 与从句中现在完成时 has/have done 对应;主句中的 was 与过去完成时 had done 对应。 It was the third time that he had gone abroad. 那是他第三次出国。 (2)It is/was (about/high) time (that) ... should do/did sth.意为“到了做某事 的时间了”。相当于 It is/was time for sb.to do sth.。 It's (about/high) time (that) we should do/did something to make good use of time. 是我们该做些什么来好好利用时间的时候了。 (3)the first time 还可用作连词,引导时间状语从句,表示“第一次??时”。

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The first time I saw the dictionary, I decided to buy it. 第一次看到这本字典,我就决定买它了。 (4)for the first time 是介词短语,只能用作句子的状语,不可用来引导状语从句, 它不具有连词的功能,表示“第一次”。 When an American woman meets someone for the first time, she may or may not offer her hand. 美国妇女第一次和人见面时,可能伸出手来握手,也可能不会。 【对点练习】 用所给动词的适当形式填空 ①This is the second time that the Chinese woman astronaut has_been_sent (send) into space. ②I was feeling a bit nervous because it was the first time that I had_given (give) a speech on my own. ③It is time that you should_take/took (take) effective measures. 2.Besides, as_far_as_I_am_concerned,_what other people thought was not the most important thing. 况且,就我而言,其他人的想法不是最重要的。 【句型透视】(1)as/so far as sb./sth. be concerned“就??而言;就??来说”。 As far as English is concerned, he is the best in our class. 就英语学习方面来说,他是我们班最优秀的。 (2)相关短语还有: as/so far as 远及??;就?? as/so far as I can see 依我看来 as/so far as I know 据我所知 Our playing fields extend as far as those trees. 我们的操场延伸到那些树前。 As far as I can see, you've done nothing wrong. 依我看,你没有做错任何事。 【对点练习】 完成句子 ①As/So_far_as_I_can_see,_he is likely to refuse your plan.(see) 依我看来,他可能拒绝你的计划。 ②As/So_far_as_I_know,_she has left for America.(know) 据我所知,她已离开去美国了。 ③As_far_as_I'm_concerned,_education abroad is preferable. (concern) 就我个人而言,海外教育是可取的。

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. Since we are soldiers, let's substitute (用??代替??) water for wine to drink to his health. 2.Australia is abundant (丰富的) in various wildlife. 3.As soon as he arrived, he made an apology (道歉) to his boss for being late. 4.For further information, contact your local agent (代理人). 5.I don't know how to acknowledge (答谢) his help. 6.Professor Watson is leaving the academic (学术的) world to take a job in industry. 7.My fingers were numb (麻木的) with cold after standing outside for a long time. 8.The road and the canal are parallel (平行的) to each other. 9.How long will it take for me to reach its destination (目的地)?
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10.Contradicting (驳斥) someone politely is difficult. Ⅱ.选词填空 occupy oneself in, fit in, out of the question, ajust to, recommend? to, keep?up, be acknowledged as 1.Gradually, I am able to fit_in with foreign friends. 2.To tell you the truth, I have adjusted_to the life abroad and have kept it up till now. 3.My tutor will recommend me to go to Yale. 4.What I should do is occupying_myself_in study. 5.Without his help, these achievements are out_of_the_question. 6.Acknowledged_as one of the most outstanding students, he was rewarded last week. Ⅲ.根据汉语提示,选用练习Ⅰ、Ⅱ中的句子,加入适当过渡词后联句成篇 1.渐渐地,我融入了国外的朋友之中。 2.我已经适应了国外的生活。 3.更为幸运的是,我的成绩一直保持得很好。 4.导师要推荐我到耶鲁大学。 5.除了全身心地投入学习外,我不知道如何去感谢他。 6.没有他的帮助,这些成绩是不可能的。 Gradually, I am able to fit in with foreign friends and have adjusted to the life abroad.More fortunately, I have kept it up till now.As a result, my tutor will recommend me to go to Yale.I don't know how to acknowledge his help except that I am occupying myself in study.Without his help, these achievements are out of the question.

Ⅰ.多项选择 1.(2014·武昌区调研)As expected, the boy who shows great ________ in playing badminton has been admitted to the sport university for his talent. A.requirement B.respect C.addiction D.promise 解析:选 D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:正如期望的一样,这个在羽毛球方面大有前途 的男孩已经因为他的天资被那所体育大学录取了。promise 在此表示“获得成功的迹象”, 符合句意。requirement“要求”;respect“尊敬”;addiction“瘾;入迷”。 2.Dressing is a task which we do every day as a matter of ________ especially for ladies who spend more time on it. A.custom B.schedule C.routine D.privilege 解析:选 C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:穿衣是每天必做的事,尤其是女士,她们在这 上面花的时间更多。routine“常规;惯例”,符合句意。custom“风俗”;schedule“日程 安排”;privilege“特权;特殊待遇”。 3.Since the United States of America is a multicultural country, you'll find it easy to ________the life there within a couple of months. A.put up with B.get along with C.team up with D.fit in with 解析:选 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:因为美国是一个多元文化的国家,所以你会发 现在几个月之内你就能很容易地融入那儿的生活。fit in with“与??适合;处得融洽”, 符合句意。put up with“容忍;忍受”;get along with“进展;和??和睦相处”;team up with“与??合作”。 4 .(2014·武汉高三联考 )Some research has indicated that unemployed workers

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should ________any job they can get, including temporary work, as a bridge to higher?paying employment. A.build up B.take up C.make up D.bring up 解析:选 B 句意:某个研究表明下岗工人应该从事他们能够找到的任何一份工作,包 括临时工作,以此作为通向更高报酬职业的一个桥梁。考查动词短语辨析。build up“创建, 增加”;take up“占用(时间、空间),拿起,从事”;make up“组成,弥补,编造,化妆”; bring up“养育,呕吐”。根据语境和句意应选 B。 5.(2014·湖北省八校联考)However________certain natural resources may be, they are bound to run out one day if not taken care of. A.optional B.convenient C.efficient D.abundant 解析:选 D 句意:不管某种自然资源有多么丰富,如果不加节制,终有一天将会枯竭。 A 项意为“可选择的”;B 项意为“方便的;便利的”;C 项意为“高效的”;D 项意为“丰 富的”。故答案选 D。 6.(2014·武汉市高三调研)The second and third years have a range of ________ courses which provide the choice necessary to meet individual interests and career needs. A.sufficient B.optional C.admirable D.precious 解析:选 B 句意:第二和第三年有一系列的选修课程,这些课程为满足个人兴趣和职 业需要提供了必要的选择。 sufficient“足够的; 充分的”; optional“可选择的; 随意的”; admirable“令人钦佩的;极好的”;precious“宝贵的”。由语境可知,B 项正确。 7.Mr. Smith has been looking forward to travelling in South America, but because of rising prices, it seems ________. A.out of question B.without question C.out of the question D.beyond question 解析:选 C out of the question“不可能”,符合题意。out of question“没问题”; without question“毫无疑问”;beyond question“毋庸置疑”。 8.The professor allowed me to work ________ from the start, which resulted in my ability to deal with problems on my own. A.socially B.theoretically C.autonomously D.optionally 解析:选 C 句意:这位教授一开始就允许我自主工作,这使得我形成了独立处理问题 的能力。autonomously“独立自主地”,符合句意。 9.On the annual International Volunteers Day, the world ________ the work of millions of people who give their time to help others. A.abolishes B.accompanies C.acknowledges D.assesses 解析:选 C 句意:在一年一度的国际志愿者日里,世界认可了数百万人花时间帮助他 人所作出的贡献。abolish“废除”;accompany“陪伴;伴随”;acknowledge“承认(权威、 地位);(公开)感谢”;assess“评价;评定”。故 C 项正确。 10 . (2014· 武 昌 区 实 验 中 学 模 拟 )It is thought by some people that E?books might________ traditional books in some time because of various advantages of E?books over paper ones. A.substitute B.contribute C.accumulate D.subscribe 解析:选 A 句意:有些人认为未来电子书会代替传统书籍,因为电子书比纸质书有多 方 面 的 优 点 。 substitute“ 代 替 ; 替 换 ” , 符 合 句 意 。 contribute“ 贡 献 ; 捐 赠 ” ; accumulate“积累”;subscribe“捐赠;认购”。 Ⅱ.完成句子
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1.(2014·武汉市武昌区供题)My mother insisted on sending me to the hospital, where/in_which/and_in_hospital_I've_received good medical treatment these days.(receive) 我妈妈坚持将我送进医院,这些天我在医院得到了很好的治疗。 2 .(2014·武昌区实验中学模拟 )Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree to_which_they_can_be_controlled on purpose.(which) 人类的面部表情在他们能够故意被控制的程度方面与动物的不同。 3.He recommended_reading_the_book before seeing the movie, which was a good idea.(recommend) 他建议先看这本书,再去看电影,这是一个不错的想法。 4.So hard has__he_been_working in the past few months that he has made great progress in English.(work) 过去几个月里他学习如此努力,在英语方面取得了很大的进步。 5.If only he_could_keep_it_up,_he could break the world record.(keep) 只要他坚持不懈,他就能打破世界纪录。 6. As a consequence of the sandstorm, three fourths of the bridges in the area require_repairing/to_be_repaired.(require) 由于沙尘暴的影响,这个地区四分之三的桥梁需要维修。 7.At first I thought I understood what my teacher said, but the more he explained, the_more_confused_I_became.(confuse) 开始时我认为我把老师说的搞懂了,但是他越解释,我就越糊涂了。 8.It's well known to us all that we often get into a situation in our daily lifewhere_it_is_hard_to_decide what is right and what is wrong.(decide) 众所周知,在日常生活中,我们常常陷入一种难以分辨是非的局面。 9.She stood on the stage, eyes filled_with_tears_of_joy,_and acknowledged the stormy applause with a low bow.(fill) 她站在舞台上,眼里充满喜悦的泪水,深深鞠躬答谢那雷鸣般的掌声。 10.Forget the past, leaving the sadness behind, and_you_will_see the door of a new bright world open before you.(see) 忘记过去,抛下悲伤,你就会发现一个崭新的世界向你敞开大门。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 A

(2014·皖西四校高三联考)When Alfred Nobel created the prizes that bear his name, he decided that they be given for work done in the previous year. But it has led to all kinds of trouble — as it did once again this month, when the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology was awarded to a dead man. It is a complex story, one that could not have been foreseen when Nobel, the Swedish inventor, died in 1896. But it all traces back to his will, written at a time when international prizes were an original idea. Nobel did not say why he wanted to reward scientists who “made the most important discovery” during the previous year. One can guess that he wanted to reward present?day innovation and not to give tombstone awards to Galileo, Hippocrates, and other scientists from centuries past. But will and science often got involved. The one?year timing proved impractical; scientific findings generally need to be tested, sometimes for decades, before their value is appreciated.
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Perhaps to avoid the Galileo problem, the Nobel Foundation did state clearly that the award would be given only to living people; that rule was made formal in the 1970s. But the rule against posthumous awards has now been violated several times — most recently this month, when the prize in medicine was given to Dr. Ralph M. Steinman, a scientist at Rockefeller University, who died three days before his election. His discovery, called dendritic cells, took place in 1917. The first posthumous winner was the poet Erik Karlfeldt. Karlfeldt had refused his selection in 1918 because he was a longtime member of the Swedish Nobel Academy. When he was selected again in 1931, he had died that April. What happens if a candidate dies? The Nobel Foundation might consider changes at its next meeting. One possibility would be to withhold (阻止) the announcement of an award until a Nobel official hears the winner's voice on the famous notification calls. 1.What did Alfred Nobel create the prizes for? A.To make himself remembered forever. B.To attract international attention to Sweden. C.To encourage contributions to mankind. D.To honor some dead outstanding discoverers. 解析:选 C 推理判断题。根据第一段中的“he decided that they be given for work done in the previous year”和第三段中的“One can guess that he wanted to reward present?day innovation”可知,创立诺贝尔奖的目的就是奖励其所在时代的科学发现或重 大成就。 2.Why has the Nobel Prize brought about trouble? A.The one?year timing is not workable. B.Nobel Foundation tries to break his will. C.Nobel's fortune is not well managed. D.Candidates are hard to be selected worldwide. 解析:选 A 事实细节题。根据第四段中的“The one?year timing proved impractical; scientific findings generally need to be tested, sometimes for decades, before their value is appreciated.”可知答案。 3.What do the examples of the scientist Ralph M. Steinman and the poet Erik Karlfeldt suggest? A.The Nobel Foundation should obey the rules. B.Some rules of the Prize call for reform. C.The Nobel Academy failed to perform their duty. D.The winner should live a very long life. 解析:选 B 推理判断题。根据上文可知,诺贝尔奖规定只颁发给健在的科学家,可是 这一年的诺贝尔医学奖颁发给了已经去世的 Ralph M. Steinman, 1931 年的诺贝尔文学奖颁 发给了已逝的诗人 Erik Karlfeldt,这两个例子足以说明诺贝尔奖的一些规定需要改革。 4.According to the last paragraph, the Nobel Prize is announced to the winner ________. A.in secret B.through a visit C.by e?mail D.on the telephone 解析:选 D 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段最后一句话中的“until a Nobel official hears the winner's voice on the famous notification calls”可知答案。 B Book a room online for your next vacation or road trip. And check out roadsideamerica. com's favorite tourist attractions. Clarion Suites Hotel Anchorage★★★ 325 W. 8th Ave
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Anchorage, AK 99501 Nightly Rates: $243 — $250 Walking distance to shopping, Alaska Railroad and museum. Property has indoor pool and exercise room. Free Parking/Exercise Gym/No Smoking Rooms/No Pets Allowed/Indoor Pool/Restaurant/Wheelchair Access Ramada Inn Anchorage Downtown AK★★ 115 East 3rd Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501 Nightly Rates: $79.00 — $99.00 Located in the heart of downtown Anchorage, minutes away from shopping and restaurants. The Ramada Anchorage Downtown offers free shuttle service to/from the Anchorage International Airport and Downtown Railroad Depot, free high speed Wireless Internet throughout the hotel and a free 24?hour fitness center. Free local paper and free USA Today are available. Air Conditioned/Free Parking/Free Local Telephone Calls/No Smoking Rooms/No Pets Allowed/Free Airport Shuttle Howard Johnson Anchorage★★ 239 West 4th Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501 Nightly Rates: $219.00 — $220 We are a 246 Room Full Service Hotel Centrally located downtown Anchorage, with free Parking, an Indoor Swimming Pool, and an Exercise Room. And you will find shopping within walking distance. Free Parking/No Smoking Rooms/Free Newspaper/Over Sized Rooms/Indoor Pool/Wake?up Service/No Pets Allowed/Restaurant Best Western Golden Lion Hotel★★ 1 000 East 36th Avenue Anchorage, AK 99508 Nightly Rates: $150 — $190 The Best Western Golden Lion is conveniently located in Midtown Anchorage. Close to shopping, hospitals, theaters, government offices, and the University of Alaska. The Golden Lion is a full service hotel with restaurant, fitness room, and business center. Fitness Center/Beauty Shop/Elevators/Fishing/Free Parking/Free Local Telephone Calls/No Smoking Rooms/Skiing/Pets Allowed 语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了四个旅游景点的宾馆。 5.A disabled person with a wheelchair can choose ________. A.Clarion Suites Hotel Anchorage B.Ramada Inn Anchorage Downtown AK C.Howard Johnson Anchorage D.Best Western Golden Lion Hote 解析:选 A 细节理解题。根据文章中第一则广告的最后一条“Wheelchair Access”可 知,A 项符合文意。 6.How much money will you and your pet spend for two nights at least? A.$486. B.$158. C.$438. D.$300. 解析:选 D 推理计算题。根据文章中每则广告的最后一段可知,只有最后一则广告中 的宾馆允许携带宠物。根据其中的“Nightly Rates: $150 — $190”可知,在此宾馆住两晚 的最少花费应该是 150×2=300 美元。故 D 项正确。

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7.If you want to be woken up, you should choose ________. A.Clarion Suites Hotel Anchorage B.Ramada Inn Anchorage Downtown AK C.Howard Johnson Anchorage D.Best Western Golden Lion Hotel 解析: 选 C 细节理解题。 根据文章中第三则广告的最后一条“Wake?up Service”可知, C 项符合题意。 8.Which of the following statements is TRUE? A.Free Newspapers are offered by Best Western Golden Lion Hotel. B.Howard Johnson Anchorage has a Beauty Shop. C.The guests can ski in Clarion Suites Hotel Anchorage. D.Ramada Inn Anchorage Downtown AK offers free local telephone calls. 解析:选 D 细节理解题。根据文章中第二则广告的最后一条“Free Local Telephone calls” 可 知 , D 项 符 合 题 意 。

写作技能提升(六) 图表作文

现在,学生的零花钱越来越多,但是乱花钱现象很严重。右面是你应某晚报教育在线栏 目之约针对学生的零用钱(pocket money)的消费方向,对你市某中学的高中和初中的部分学 生进行问卷调查所得出的数据。 请你用英文写一篇调查报告,反映调查结果,并呼吁中学生应树立正确的消费观。 注意:1.开头已给出,不计入总词数;2.词数不少于 120。 Dear Editor, Recently a survey has been carried out to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money. 1.审题 图表作文以图表形式给出与题目相关的数据和各种信息, 审题时应做到三定: ①定体裁; ②定人称;③定时态。 如本篇为书信,属于应用文;以第一和第三人称为主;时态主要是一般现在时。 2.谋篇 图表作文首先要提取关键的信息,往往是从最多的写起,进行比较,然后就图表比较的 内容进行评论,最后提出自己的观点。 如本文首先从高中生花钱最多的项目开始写,进行对比之后提出自己的观点和看法。 [现场演练]

满分范文 Dear Editor, Recently a survey has been carried out to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money. ①In this survey, both junior students and senior students spend most of their

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money on books, snacks and playing games, still some money goes to clothes, banks, sports, and so on. ②The survey shows that about 44% of seniors prefer books to snacks (37% )and playing games (31%). ③On the other hand, only 32% of juniors spend their pocket money buying books, while a half buy snacks and 44% spend it in playing games. ④Both seniors and juniors would not waste too much money on clothes or put it in banks. ⑤I think a lot of snacks will make us put on weight and do harm to our health. ⑥In addition, if we play games without limit, we'll lose much precious time, which results in low grades. ⑦Furthermore, the money is hard?earned. ⑧It is our money as well as our time that we students should value. 满分缘由 1.结构布局 本文为三段式作文: 第一段提出图表反映的主题——有关学生零用钱的消费调查。 第二段就相关数据进行比较。 第三段就调查结果进行分析,并呼吁中学生应树立正确的消费观。 2.亮点词汇 prefer ...to ...,put on weight,in addition,without limit,precious,result in,furthermore,hard?earned,as well as, value 3.亮点句式 第②句含有 that 引导的宾语从句; 第③句用 while 表示对比关系; 第⑥句包含 if 引导的状语从句和 which 引导的非限制性定语从句; 第⑧句使用了强调句型。

[句式改写] 1.用 as 引导的定语从句和 what 引导的主语从句改写句① As is known in this survey, what both junior students and senior students spend most of their money on are books, snacks and playing games, still some money goes to clothes, banks, sports, and so on. 2.用现在分词作结果状语改写句⑥ In addition, if we play games without limit, we'll lose much precious time, resulting in low grades. 自 2013 年以来, 我国不少地区反复出现雾霾天气, 这引发了人们对空气污染的密切关注。 一项调查显示,人们认为造成空气污染的原因有以下几种: 受访者比例 原因 78.0% 汽车尾气的排放 70.2% 工业废气的排放 59.4% 建筑工地的扬尘 54.4% 燃煤排放废气 37.2% 气候原因 请写一篇英语发言稿,为同学们介绍你了解到的信息,号召同学们自觉行动起来保护环 境。 注意:1.词数不少于 120; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:雾霾 haze [要求] 请用状语从句、定语从句、名词性从句、while 引导状语从句表示对比、现在分词作状
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语完成作文。 Dear fellow classmates, Since the beginning of 2013, heavy haze has always covered many cities in China,

参考范文: Dear fellow classmates, Since the beginning of 2013, heavy haze has always covered many cities in China, causing a widespread concern about air pollution. As is shown in the survey, more than 70% of the interviewees think (that) air pollution results from the emission of gases from factories and automobiles. Over half of them consider that the dust from the construction site and the gas produced by burning coal are to blame, while only 37.2% think (that) air pollution is related to climate. In my opinion, it is human activities that lead to air pollution. It is high time that we took measures to protect the environment. We should live a low?carbon life, riding bikes or buses instead of cars. Besides, we should plant more trees to absorb CO2. If we take action right now, we can make the earth a better place!

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