2012 高考英语二轮复习专题限时训练 专题 3 任务型阅读 2 （25 分钟） （A） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据短文的内容要点完成文章后的表格。注意：补全填空应符 合语法和搭配要求，每空只填一个单词。 When it comes to the world of computers, green computing is becoming one of the most pop
ular trends． But, what is exactly is green computing? The term “green computing” is one that is being used in many different markets and areas all over the world in today’s global technology． Yet, many computer users out there aren’t sure what it means． Green computing is actually pretty easy to explain and to do---it is basically learning to use computer resources more efficiently to help the environment as well as making energy savings． The main goal of a green computing program is to reduce the use of energy and materials that harm the environment． Green computing helps to promote the use of biodegradable products and recycle computer parts whenever possible． Green computing started as early as 1992, when the EPA created Energy Star, which is a voluntary labeling program that promotes energy efficient computing equipment and technologies． It was because of this program that many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and millions of computer users around the world began to adopt this policy to help save energy when they were not using their computers． The term “green computing” began to be used around the same time as well, and began to become a goal that more companies strive to meet over the years． There are several government agencies that have continued to help strive for better standards for computers and companies to help promote green promoting． Energy Star was actually revised in October of 2006 to make the requirements stricter for computers，and also implemented a ranking system for products． Because of these new requirements, there are over 20 states that have now established a special recycling program for old computers and electronics to help with green computing． Many of today’s IT systems are beginning to rely on both people and hardware to help
push their computer systems toward a more green computing system to help both the company and others． This is a hard balance to achieve, as it has to satisfy users, management, and regulatory compliance（顺从） Even the disposal of computer waste is all managed so that ． everyone in the circle is happy with the outcome． Many companies are learning the best ways that they call go greener when it comes to their computing and also help their business in the process． While many home computer users may not be quite as familiar with green computing as large firms, this term is starting to become more mainstream all around the world and the requirements for new, better computers to help both the companies and the end users of the equipment, as well as our environment, are becoming more and more urgent．
Green computing Learning to make （2）_________ use of computer resources so as to （1）_________ save energy and protect the environment． To reduce the use of energy and materials that do （3） _________ to Main goal the environment． ●In 1992 the EPA created Energy Star program, （5） _________ energy efficient computing equipment and technologies． ●Then many computer manufacturers launched sleep mode and many computer users （6） _________ the policy to save energy． （4） _________ ●In 2006 Energy Star made the computer requirements （7） _________ and implemented a ranking system for products． ●At （ 8 ） _________, over 20 states have established a special recycling program for old computers and electronics． ●Green computing requires the （ 9 ） Present situation management, and regulatory compliance． ●Green computing is becoming more mainstream （10） _________． _________ of users,
●New, beret computers will help both companies and users, and protect the environment．
1． Definition 5． Promoting
4． Development/History 9． satisfaction
6． adopted 7． stricter
（B） 请认真阅读下列短文,根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 From the health point of view we are living in a wonderful age. We are immunized from birth against many of the most dangerous diseases. A large number of once fatal illnesses can now be cured by modern drugs and surgery. It is almost certain that one day medicines will be found for the most stubborn remaining diseases. The expectation of life has increased largely. But though the possibility of living a long and happy life is greater than ever before, every day we witness the unbelievable slaughter (屠杀) of men, women and children on the roads. Man versus the motor-car! It is a never-ending battle which man is losing. Thousands of people the world over are killed or horribly killed each year and we are quietly sitting back and letting it happen. It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a steering wheel（方向盘）, his car becomes the additional part of his personality. There is no doubt that the motor-car often brings out a man’s very worst qualities. People who are normally quiet and pleasant may become unrecognizable when they are behind a steering-wheel. They swear, they are ill-mannered and aggressive, willful as two-year-olds and completely selfish. All their hidden anger, disappointments and envies seem to be exposed by the act of driving. The surprising thing is that society only smiles so kindly on the motorist when seeing his behaviors talked about above. Everything is done for his convenience. Cities are allowed to become almost unsuitable to live because of heavy traffic; towns are made ugly by huge car parks;
the countryside is damaged by road networks; and the mass annual slaughter becomes nothing more than a statistic, to be conveniently forgotten. It is high time a world code were created to reduce this senseless waste of human life. In regard to driving, the laws of some countries are dishonorably loose and even the strictest are not strict enough. A code which was universally accepted could only have a dramatically beneficial effect on the accident rate. Here are a few examples of some things that might be done. The driving test should be standardized and made far more difficult than it is; all the drivers should be made to take a test every three years; the age at which young people are allowed to drive any vehicle should be raised to at least 21; all vehicles should be put through inflexible annual tests for safety. Even the smallest amount of alcohol in the blood can destroy a person’s driving ability, so present drinking and driving laws (where they exist) should be made much stricter. The highest and lowest speed limits should be put on all roads, as has been done in the USA. All advertising stressing power and performance should be banned. These measures may sound unacceptably harsh. But surely nothing should be considered to be too severe if it results in reducing the annual loss of human life. After all, the world is for human beings, not for motor-cars. Title: Strict Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents Present situation of road accidents
. ◇Road accidents seem to happen (1) ________. . ◇We are quietly sitting back and letting road slaughter happen.
◇When driving a car, a man tends to become ill-mannered and . (2) _____ for so many road accidents behave in an (3)_______ way. ◇It seems that all the hidden anger, disappointment and envies are . (4)_______by the act of driving. ◇ Society just (5)_______various kinds of bad behavior of a . motorist. ◇People (6) _______the road accident statistics. . (7) _______ that should be taken to reduce road accidents ◇ The driving test should be standardized and made much more . difficult. ◇ All the drivers should take a test every three years. . ◇ Only people at or (8)_______ 21 can get a driving license. . ◇ All vehicles should be given strict annual tests. Drinking and . driving laws should be made much stricter.
◇ The highest and the lowest speed limits should be put to (9) . ________. ◇ No advertising which stresses power and performance should be . (10)_________.
1. frequently 5. tolerate/bear 9. use
4. exposed 8. above/over
6. ignore/overlook 7. Measures 10. allowed/permitted
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