话题：历史 常用词汇： history 历史 祖先 in history 历史上 look at the problem from a ancient 古代的 ancestor has/possess a emperor 皇 帝 historical point of view 用历史观点看问题 dynasty 朝代 history of 有 ?? 的 历 史 memory 回
忆 remind?of 记起??
date back to/date from 追溯到 historian 历 史 学 家 primitive 原 始 的 memory 记忆
unforgettable 难 忘 的
in memory of?为纪念??
范例： Davidson Black was a Canadian doctor who helped develop the techniques that led to the discovery of the bones in the Zhoukoudian Caves, near Beijing.He was a specialist in the study of bones and found it challenging to search for and identify bones of early people.As the university in which he worked was aware of the significance of his work, they gave him ample free time to do the research.And at last, it was his assistant, Pei Wenzhong, who made the discovery of these primitive bones and sharpened stone tools.Dr.Davidson thought highly of Pei Wenzhong because of his talent and hard work.
一、单词识记 根据词意写英文单词或写出单词的汉语意思。 identify 1．确认，鉴别 v.______________
alternative 2．供选择的，其他的 adj.______________ starvation 3．饿死，挨饿 n.______________ interrupt 4．打断，打岔 v.______________ assume 5．假定，设想 v.______________
sharpen 6．使锋利，尖锐 v.______________
botany 7．植物学 n.______________ significance 8．意义，重要性 n.______________
delete 9．删，删除 v.______________ applaud 10．鼓掌欢迎，赞赏 v.______________
相册，集邮册 11．album n．______________ 种类，范畴 12．category n．______________ 分析 13．analysis n. ______________
原始的，简陋的 14．primitive adj.________________ 凌乱的，脏的 15．messy adj.________________ 足够的，充足的 16．ample adj.________________ 被子 17．quilt n．______________ 敏锐的，严重的 18．acute adj.______________ 准确，精确 19．accuracy n．______________ 试探性的，不确定的 20．tentative adj.____________ ______
二、词汇拓展 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。 accuracy 1．Make sure of the____________when working out the inaccurate problem.An______________number will have a great effect on the whole project.(accurate) 2．Most college students think finding a parttime job is significant significance very______________.In their opinion, the______________of doing a parttime job is more than money.(significant)
assumed 3．It is generally________that stress is caused by too much assumption work.Such____________is partly reasonable.(assume) starvation 4． Millions are threatened by____________and disease every
skilled 5．The magician was so________with his hands that nobody
could discover his secret.(skill)
6 ． The program will give young athletes the chance sharpen to__________their skills.(sharp)
division 7．Sometimes there is no simple__________between good
and evil.(divide) analysis 8．The__________(analyze) of the samples on the murder spot showed some valuable clues to the police.
interruption 9．Chinese civilization is the only one without__________
in the world.(interrupt) 10 ． The bell indicating the end of the period rang ， interrupting ______________our heated discussion.(interrupt)
三、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成英语或中文。 regardless of 1．不管；不顾______________
suffer from 2．遭受痛苦等______________ date back to 3．追溯到??______________ be aware of 4．意识到；知道______________ look ahead 5．向前看；为将来打算______________ with relief 6．欣慰地______________
cut up 7．切碎______________ be fed up with 8．受够了；饱受；厌烦______________ be skilled at 9．做某事熟练/有技巧______________
at most 10．至多；最多______________ 生火 11．make fires______________
不让??进来 12．keep?out______________ 大量的 13．an ample of______________
担心；在意 14．care about______________ 代表 15．on behalf of______________ 尽管 16．in spite of______________ 拉出 17．pull out______________ 要是??就好了 18．if only______________ 为某人的抉择喝彩 19．applaud one's choice______________ 到达目的地 20．reach one's destination______________
a what 1．Make________tentative guess about________Peking Man
may have done and used thousands of years ago. but 2．I'm sorry to interrupt you________how could they live here?
reasonable 3．So we think it is______________(reason) to assume they of lived in these caves, regardless________the cold.
4．We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters which thick ， ________suggests that they might have kept the burning fire________(burn) all winter.
did 5．Where________they get the material? did 6．Our evidence suggests that they________wear clothes made ________(make) from animal skins. sharpened 7． seems that they used the______________(sharp) stone to It up cut________animals and remove the skin.
patiently 8．The guest waited________(patient) at the receptionist's interrupting desk instead of______________(interrupt) the meeting. Worried 9．________(worry) about the preparations for her feast, Lala
with quickly turned for home__________her collection of nuts, melons and other fruit. howling 10．Having heard wolves____________(howl) in the forest,
fearing Lala accelerated her walk up the path to the caves________(fear) lying that there might be wolf beasts________(lie) in wait for her.
五、课文内容理解 根据课文内容，请用适当的词或短语的正确形式填空。 visit A group of students came to Zhoukoudian for a 1.______.An archaeologist 2.______________showed them around.He told them it was here evidence that they found 3.__________of the earliest people who lived in
assume this part of the world, and it was reasonable to 4.________they regardless of had lived in these caves, 5.____________the cold.We had fireplaces discovered 6.____________in the center of the caves, and the bones of tigers and bears.
sharpened It seemed that they might have used 7.____________stone remove tools to cut up the animal and 8.__________their skin, with which trade they made their clothes.Maybe there was 9.________between early people.They didn't grow their own crops, but picked 10.________fruit and killed animals.
have been playing 1．I__________________(play) the piano my whole life and
I'm in a band in London. 2．The story was a great success when it was published in
has been adapted 1843 and________________(adapt) for the stage, television and cinema many times.
3．This house is important to the history of the city.However, in have been disappearing recent years, lots of historical buildings__________________________ (disappear) from the city. 4． The best American Pizza can be found, not in New York as many think, but in New Haven, Connecticut, where the Pepe have been making family____________________(make) since 1925. has gone 5．In just three years, Taylor Swift______________(go) from a talented unknown to one of the biggest stars in music.
1．aware adj.意识到；知道的 awareness n．意识， 觉悟 拓展： be/become aware of sth.知道；意识到 be aware that?意识到??
运用：根据汉语提示完成下列句子 1)是时候该提高同学们的安全意识了。 It's high time that we should improve the students' awareness of safety ________________________________ 2)只有在他考试失败后，他才意识到细节的重要性。 Only after he failed in the exam， was he aware of the importance of details ________________________________________
3)我们必须意识到是政府应该采取措施来关闭那些给我们 的生存环境带来污染的工厂。 must be aware that We____________________it's the government that should take measures _____________to close those factories that bring much pollution to our living environment.
2．interrupt vt.&vi.阻断，中断；打岔；插嘴 interruption n．中断，打断 interrupt (sb./sth.) (with sth.) 打断(某人)讲话；打岔；打扰 运用：用 interrupt 的正确形式填空 was interrupted 1)Electricity____________________(interrupt) in the course of work. interruption 2)Let's go somewhere where we can talk without__________ (interrupt)．
3．assume vt.假设；设想；装作 assume that? 设想??，假定?? assume sb./sth.to be?假定??是?? 运用：根据汉语提示完成下列句子 1)我想你总是在同一时间起床。 I assume (that) ______________you always get up at the same time. 2)假定这是真的，我们现在该怎么办？ Assuming it to be true ____________________，what should we do now? 3)当同学们责备她时，她装出一副无辜(innocence)的表情。 assumed a look of innocence When she was blamed by the classmates, she_________________
4．arrest vt.逮捕，拘留，吸引(注意) n．逮捕 拓展： be arrested for sth.因某事而被捕 arrest one' s attention 吸引某人的注意 under arrest 被捕；被拘留
运用： 根据句子的意思填入适当的介词或完成句子 for 1)I got arrested________careless driving. under 2)Her Uncle was________arrest, but nobody knew the reason. Five youths were arrested 3)________________________( 逮 捕 了 5 个 年 轻 人 )in connection with the attack. the arrest of 4)The public applauded______________the criminal suspect. (犯罪嫌疑人被逮捕)
1．fed up with 受够了，厌烦 拓展： feed sb./sth. on sth.给(人或动物)食物；喂；饲养 feed on(动物)以??为主食 feed sth. to sb./sth. 给(人或动物)某物作为食物
to 1)Several children were feeding bread________the ducks. on 2)What do you feed your dog________？ on 3)Cows feed________grass. with 4)I'm fed up________the same breakfast every morning.
fed up with waiting for her I'm____________________________to telephone.
pretty fed up What's the matter? You look_________________
2．look ahead 向前看；为将来谋划 拓展： look back 向后看； 回顾 look out 留神；注意 look into 调查 look up 查找；形势好转
look up to sb.尊敬某人 look through 仔细查阅 look forward to sth./doing sth.盼望 look on 旁观；看作 look over 快速浏览，复习 look down on/upon sth. 向下看； 轻视
运用：用 look 短语翻译下面的句子
look up the word in a dictionary 1)You should________________________________.(翻阅字典查
hearing from you 2)I am looking forward to________________________(收到你的
回信)as soon as possible.
Look out 3)______________(当心) or you will catch cold. look over my notes 4)I have to____________________________(把笔记复习一遍)
for the exam.
Have you looked ahead to 5)__________________________( 你 是 否 想 过 ) what you'll be
doing in five years' time?
3．date back to?＝date from?追溯到??，从??时候开 始就有了 运用：用 date 短语完成句子 dates back to 1)Our friendship______________the late 1970s.
dating from 2)This is a law________________the 17th century.
4．regardless of 不管；不顾 运用：完成句子 1)他不顾危险，跳进河里救那个溺水的小孩。 He jumped into the river to save the little drowning boy regardless of the danger _________________________. 2)不管天气怎样，我都会去。 regardless of the weather I'll go___________________________.
1．If only she had looked ahead and planned better this year! 句型：if only? 要是??就好了 (常用虚拟语气)。 运用：翻译下列句子 1)要是我知道她的地址该多好啊！ 2)要是明天不再下雨该多好呀！ 3)她要是征求了别人的意见就好了！
【答案】1)If only I knew her address！ 2)If only the rain would stop tomorrow！ 3)If only she had asked someone's advice!
比较： only if? 表示“只有??才”，引导条件状语从句，若引 导从句置于句首，则主句应用半倒装。 Only if you study hard can you go to college.
2．Abruptly she sat down, only to be scooped up by her laughing, shouting sister, Luna. 句型： Only to do/be? (结果) 却??(表示一个出乎意料的结果) 运用：完成句子 1)我匆忙赶到公寓，试了下门，(结果)发现已经锁上了。 I rushed to the apartment and tried the door，
only to find that it locked _________________________________.
2)我匆忙赶到车站却被告知火车已在 15 分钟之前开走了。 I hurried to the station，
only to be told that the train had left 15 minutes before ________________________________________________________
1．Worried about the preparations for her feast, Lala quickly turned for home with her collection of nuts, melons and other fruit. 句子结构：主句结构是“主语＋谓语动词”。过去分词状 语 worried about?作状语，for home with her collection of nuts, melons and other fruit 作状语。
2．Lala accelerated her walk up the path to the caves fearing that there might be wild beasts lying in wait for her. 句子结构：主句结构是“主语＋谓语动词＋宾语”。 介 词短语 up the path to the caves 作状语，现在分词短语 fearing that?作伴随状语。
一、语法填空。 Worried about the preparations for her feast, Lala quickly turned for home with her collection of nuts, melons and other fruit. It 1.________was the custom of family groups to separate and then gather again at different sites for reunions as they followed the animal herds across the grasslands.A wrinkle appeared on like 2.________her forehead.If only it could be just 3.________last when year! At that time she had been so happy 4.________Dahu chose her as the future mother of his children.
who He was the best man 5.________made tools in the group and a it was 6._______great honor for him to be chosen.He remembered pulsing the blood 7.________(pulse) through his veins.He had felt so loudly proud as the group shouted 8.________(loud) to applaud his had looked choice.If only he 9.______________(look) ahead and planned better this year! Then she wouldn't have been feeling so 10.________worried now.
二、基础写作：尽可能用本单元学过的词或短语翻译下列句子， 然后将这些句子连成一篇由 5 个句子组成的意义连贯的短文。 1．夏普(Sharp)博士是考古学家，满脸皱纹。 2．前几天，他因为受不明野兽抓伤而被送往医院，不得不中断 工作。 3．他厌倦了医院的气味，不顾医生的劝告，现在正赶回工地。
4．突然，一个长矛形的东西引起了他的注意，阻止了他 的脚步。 5．他熟练地将它捡起，敏锐地意识到它的重要意义。 6．他认为这个长矛形的东西可以追溯到公元前 6000 年。 7．他感觉到热血沸腾。 8．这长矛形的东西意味着人类使用石器的历史要改写。
【答案】 The other day, a scratch from an unknown beast sent Dr.Sharp, an archaeologist with a wrinkled face, to hospital, interrupting his work.Fed up with the hospital smell, he is now on his way back to the worksite regardless of the doctors' advice.Suddenly something shaped like a spear arrests his attention and progress.Picking it up skillfully, he immediately becomes acutely aware of its significance, assuming that it may date back to 6,000 BC.He feels his blood pulsing through his veins, for it suggests that human history of using stone tools will be rewritten.
写作 段落的写作(三) 结尾段落句 1． 至于我， 在某种程度上我同意后面的观点， 我认为?? As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.I think that?
2．总而言之，整个社会应该密切关注??这个问题。只 有这样，我们才能在将来?? In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of?Only in this way can?in the future.
3．但是??和??都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如?? 而??然而，把这两者相比较，我更倾向于(喜欢)?? But?and?have to? their own advantages.For
example?while?Comparing this with that, however, I prefer
4．就我个人而言，我相信??因此，我坚信美好的未来正等着 我们。因为?? Personally, I believe that?Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because? 5．随着社会的发展??因此，迫切需要??如果每个人都愿为 社会贡献自己的一份力量，这个社会将会变得越来越好。 With the development of society?So it's urgent and necessary to?If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
6．至于我(对我来说，就我而言)，我认为??更合理。只 有这样，我们才能?? For my part, I think it reasonable to?Only in this way can we? 7． 对我来说， 我认为有必要??原因如下： 第一??； 第 二??；最后但同样重要的是?? In my opinion, I think it necessary to?The reasons are as follows.First?Second?Last but not least?
8．在总体上很难说??是好还是坏，因为它在很大程度 上取决于??的形势。然而，就我个人而言，我发现?? It is difficult to say whether?is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of?However, from a personal point of view, I find? 9．综上所述，我们可以清楚地得出结论?? From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that?
10．如果我们不采取有效的方法，就可能控制不了这种趋 势，就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果，所以，我们应该做的 是?? If we do not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable results may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is?
听说考试技巧(三) 英语朗读之连读 在同一意群中，前一词以辅音音素结尾，后一词以元音音 素开头，在说话或朗读句子时，习惯上很自然地将这两个音素 合拼在一起读出来，这种语音现象叫连读。
1．“辅音＋元音”型连读 以辅音结尾的单词＋元音开头的单词要连读。 I'm～an～English boy. Let me have～a look～at～it. Ms Black worked in～an～office last～yesterday. I called～you half～an～hour～ago. Put～it～on, please.
2．“r/re＋元音”型连读 1)如果前一个词是以- 或者- 结尾， r re 后一个词是以元音开 头，这时的 r 或 re 不但要发/r/，而且还要与后面的元音拼起来 连读。 They're my father～and mother. I looked for～it here～and there. There～is a football under～it.
2)但是，如果一个音节的前后都有字母 r，即使后面的词 以元音开头，也不能连读。 The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer 与 and 不可连读)
3．“辅音＋半元音”型连读 1)英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音，如果前一个词是以辅音 结尾，后一个词是以半元音，特别是/j/开头，此时也要连读。 Thank～you. Nice to meet～you. Did～you get there late～again? Would～you like～a cup～of tea?
2)音的同化也是一种连读的现象，两个词之间非常平滑的 过渡，导致一个音受临音影响而变化。主要有以下三种方式： 辅音[d]与[j]相邻时，被同化为[d3]：Would you?？ 辅音[t]与[j]相邻时，被同化为[t∫]：Can't you?？ 辅音[s]与[j]相邻时， 被同化为[∫]: Miss you.
4．“元音＋元音”型连读 如果前一个词以元音结尾，后一个词以元音开头，这两个 音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到一起。 I～am Chinese. He～is very friendly to me. She wants to study～English. How～and why did you come here?
5．当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿时，意群与意群之间即使 有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现，也不可连读。 Is～it～a hat or a cat？(hat 与 or 之间不可以连读) There～is～a good book in my desk.(book 与 in 之间不可以连读) Shall we meet at～eight or ten tomorrow morning? (meet 与 at， eight 与 or 之间不可以连读) She opened the door and walked～in.(door 与 and 之间不可以连 读)
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